Edited by David Shoemaker (Tulane University)
|Summary||For many, the motivation to investigate personal identity is its seemingly tight (and perhaps grounding) connection to many normative concerns. These include moral responsibility, compensation, prudence, various moral emotions (e.g., guilt, shame, and pride), abortion, definition of death, advance directives, genetic manipulation, and population ethics. The relation between identity and these practical concerns is controversial, however, with several theorists questioning whether identity has much, or any, bearing on them at all.|
|Key works||John Locke first explicitly explored the relation between personal identity and moral responsibility (see Perry 1975). The first major contemporary explorer of these issues was Derek Parfit, in Parfit 1971, Parfit 1973, followed by a more wide-ranging discussion in Part III of Parfit 1984. Other significant works on various aspects of the topic include Williams 1981, Johnston 1987, Korsgaard 1989, Jeske 1993, Schechtman 1996, Brink 1997, Olson 1997, Conee 1999, McMahan 2002, DeGrazia 2005, and Shoemaker 2007.|
|Introductions||Encyclopedia entry: Shoemaker 2008. Introductory books: DeGrazia 2005 and Shoemaker 2008.|
What Matters in Survival (221)
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David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
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