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Persons

Edited by David Shoemaker (Tulane University)
About this topic
Summary The metaphysics of personhood primarily addresses two questions: what is the nature of persons and what are their persistence conditions across time?  Addressing the former question prompts investigations into the nature of the self (if distinct from the person), consciousness, mind, and embodiment.  Addressing the latter prompts investigations into theories of personal identity.  Because many view "person"as a thoroughly normative notion, however, its study is often connected closely to investigations into value and practical identity.
Key works Primarily metaphysical investigations into personhood are taken up repeatedly by major figures throughout the history of philosophy, from Plato to Descartes to Kant.  In the contemporary literature, there are clear discussions by Baker 2000, Olson 2007, Shoemaker 1963, and Van Inwagen 2001. Personhood as a normative ("forensic") concept was introduced by John Locke, in "Of Identity and Diversity" (see Perry 1975).  Contemporary normatively-based explorations of personhood include Frankfurt 1971 and Korsgaard 1989
Introductions Gallagher 2011, Martin, Raymond and Barresi, John, eds., Personal Identity (2003).
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Subcategories:See also:History/traditions: Persons
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  1. Peter Forrest (1988). Quantum Metaphysics. B. Blackwell.
    The book comprises an enquiry into what quantum theory shows us about the world. Its aim is to sort out which metaphysical speculations are tenable and which are not. After an initial discussion of realism, the author provides a non-technical exposition of quantum theory and a criticism of the proposal that quantum theory should make us revise our beliefs about logic. He then discusses the various problems and puzzles which make quantum theory both interesting and perplexing. The text defends three (...)
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  2. Ludger Jansen (2005). Personen im Plural. In Michael Kober (ed.), Soziales Handeln. Beiträge zu einer Philosophie der 1. Person Plural. Humboldt-Studien­zentrum. 27-42.
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  3. Ludger Jansen (2004). Who has Got Our Group-Intentions? In Johann C. Marek & Maria E. Reicher (eds.), Erfahrung und Analyse. Beiträge des 27. Internationalen Wittgenstein-Sym­posiums. ILWG. 151-153.
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Theories of Personal Identity
  1. Douglas R. Anderson (forthcoming). Bowne and Peirce on the Logic of Religious Belief. The Personalist Forum.
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  2. Randall E. Auxier (forthcoming). Guest Editor's Introduction: The Relevance of Bowne. The Personalist Forum.
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  3. Randall E. Auxier (forthcoming). Guest Editor's Introduction: Religion and Secular America. The Personalist Forum.
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  4. Randall E. Auxier (forthcoming). Mysticism and the Immediacy of God: Howison's and Hocking's Critique of Royce. The Personalist Forum.
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  5. Randall E. Auxier (forthcoming). The Wind We Inherited: God and Secular America. The Personalist Forum.
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  6. Randall E. Auxier (forthcoming). Why One Hundred Years Is Forever: Hartshorne's Theory of Immortality. The Personalist Forum.
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  7. Robert H. Ayers (1971). "Survival and Disembodied Existence," by Terence Penelhum. The Modern Schoolman 48 (4):395-398.
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  8. Robert H. Ayers (1970). Personal Survival of Death--An Analysis. The Modern Schoolman 47 (3):331-339.
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  9. Roger A. Badham (forthcoming). Conti's Reclamation of Farrer's Cosmological Personalism: A Pragmatist's Response. The Personalist Forum.
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  10. Joe Barnhardt & Joe Barnhart (forthcoming). Bowne, Dostoevsky and Brightman: Three Personalists Who Confronted the Problem of Evil. The Personalist Forum.
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  11. Joe Barnhart (forthcoming). Shakespeare's Invention. The Personalist Forum.
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  12. Richard A. Beauchamp (forthcoming). Personhood and Communities of Interpretation: A Phenomenological Foray. The Personalist Forum.
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  13. Richard A. Beauchamp (forthcoming). Towards a Personalist Posture: Resuming an Aborted Conversation. The Personalist Forum.
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  14. Jason M. Bell (forthcoming). The World and Its Selves: Royce and the Philosophy of Nature. The Personalist Forum.
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  15. Marc Bobro (1999). Is Leibniz's Theory of Personal Identity Coherent? The Leibniz Review 9:117-129.
    "In this paper, I shall consider the several ways in which interpreters, since 1976, have attempted to challenge the premises of Wilson's argument, and so have tried to rescue Leibniz's theory from Wilson's charge of incoherence. I shall argue that only one of these ways stands any chance of being successful." (S. 117/118)\nDiskussion zu Margaret Wilson: Leibniz : self-consciousness and immortality in the Paris notes and after. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 58 (1976), S. 335 - 352 (vgl. M 2, (...)
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  16. Judith Bradford (forthcoming). Amelioration and Expansion: Borden Parker Bowne on Moral Theory and Moral Change. The Personalist Forum.
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  17. Rufus Burrow (forthcoming). Authorship: The Personalism of George Holmes Howison and Borden Parker Bowne. The Personalist Forum.
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  18. Rufus Burrow (forthcoming). Borden P. Bowne's Contribution to Theistic Finitism. The Personalist Forum.
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  19. Rufus Burrow (forthcoming). Moral Laws in Borden P. Bowne's Principles of Ethics. The Personalist Forum.
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  20. Gary L. Cesarz (forthcoming). A World of Difference: The Royce-Howison Debate on the Conception of God. The Personalist Forum.
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  21. Gary L. Cesarz (forthcoming). Howison's Pluralistic Idealism: A Fifth Conception of Being? The Personalist Forum.
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  22. Timothy Chappell (2011). On the Very Idea of Criteria for Personhood. Southern Journal of Philosophy 49 (1):1-27.
    I examine the familiar criterial view of personhood, according to which the possession of personal properties such as self-consciousness, emotionality, sentience, and so forth is necessary and sufficient for the status of a person. I argue that this view confuses criteria for personhood with parts of an ideal of personhood. In normal cases, we have already identified a creature as a person before we start looking for it to manifest the personal properties, indeed this pre-identification is part of what makes (...)
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  23. Michael Clifford (forthcoming). Corrugated Subjects: The Three Axes of Personhood. The Personalist Forum.
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  24. Michael R. Clifford (forthcoming). " Shadow-Narratives" of Personhood: MacIntyre and the Masks of Genealogy. The Personalist Forum.
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  25. Fran Conroy (forthcoming). Learning To Be Human: Confucian Resources for Person-Centered Education. The Personalist Forum.
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  26. Charles Conti (forthcoming). Personalist Ontology: Mirror or Metaphor? The Personalist Forum.
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  27. Daniel W. Conway (forthcoming). Answering the Call of the Wild: Walking with Bugbee and Thoreau. The Personalist Forum.
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  28. George Crowder (2006). Homelessness, Citizenship, and Identity: The Uncanniness of Late Modernity. Contemporary Political Theory 5 (3):351-354.
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  29. Donald W. Dotterer (forthcoming). James and Bowne on the Philosophy of Religious Experience. The Personalist Forum.
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  30. Fred Downing (forthcoming). Refusing to Draw the Circle Around'the Self': The Quest for Community in the Work of Basehart and Berenson. The Personalist Forum.
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  31. Wilfried Ver Eecke & Jennifer Grady (forthcoming). The Subjective Experience of the Person with Schizophrenia: Louis Sass's Contribution. The Personalist Forum.
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  32. Lloyd P. Gerson (forthcoming). The Discovery of the Self in Antiquity. The Personalist Forum.
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  33. Walter B. Gulick (forthcoming). An Unlikely Synthesis: What Kant Can Contribute to a Polanyian Theory of Selfhood. The Personalist Forum.
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  34. John Haddox (forthcoming). Latin American Personalist: Antonio Caso. The Personalist Forum.
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  35. Richard E. Hart (forthcoming). Existential, Literary or Machine Persons?: Analysis of McLachlan, Adams and Steinbeck. The Personalist Forum.
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  36. Tom E. Heeney (forthcoming). Of First and Last Things: Buried in Rhetoric. The Personalist Forum.
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  37. Garland Knott (forthcoming). Personhood: FR Tennant and Peter Bertocci in the Light of Contemporary Physics. The Personalist Forum.
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  38. Erazim Kohák (forthcoming). Personalism: Towards a Philosophical Delineation. The Personalist Forum.
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  39. Erazim Kohák (forthcoming). Speaking of Persons: Mirror or Metaphor? The Personalist Forum.
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  40. Linda Kraeger (forthcoming). The Brothers Bradley: On the Reality and Unreality of the Self. The Personalist Forum.
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  41. Joy Laine (forthcoming). Persons, Plants and Insects: On Surviving Reincarnation. The Personalist Forum.
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  42. George R. Lucas (forthcoming). Charles Hartshorne: The Last or the First? The Personalist Forum.
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  43. Maria Michela Marzano (forthcoming). The Right of Dominium: A Proposal Regarding Persons and Bodies. The Personalist Forum.
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  44. Joseph P. McGinn (forthcoming). The Power to Will: Refiguring Selfhood in Royce's Philosophy. The Personalist Forum.
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  45. James McLachlan (forthcoming). George Holmes Howison's" The City of God and the True God as Its Head": The Royce-Howison Debate Over the Idealist Conception of God. The Personalist Forum.
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  46. James McLachlan (forthcoming). George Holmes Howison: The Conception of God Debate and the Beginnings of Personal Idealism. The Personalist Forum.
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  47. James McLachlan (forthcoming). The Idealist Critique of Idealism: Bowne's Theistic Personalism and Howison's City of God. The Personalist Forum.
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