Bookmark and Share

Persons

Edited by David Shoemaker (Tulane University)
About this topic
Summary The metaphysics of personhood primarily addresses two questions: what is the nature of persons and what are their persistence conditions across time?  Addressing the former question prompts investigations into the nature of the self (if distinct from the person), consciousness, mind, and embodiment.  Addressing the latter prompts investigations into theories of personal identity.  Because many view "person"as a thoroughly normative notion, however, its study is often connected closely to investigations into value and practical identity.
Key works Primarily metaphysical investigations into personhood are taken up repeatedly by major figures throughout the history of philosophy, from Plato to Descartes to Kant.  In the contemporary literature, there are clear discussions by Baker 2000, Olson 2007, Shoemaker 1963, and Van Inwagen 2001. Personhood as a normative ("forensic") concept was introduced by John Locke, in "Of Identity and Diversity" (see Perry 1975).  Contemporary normatively-based explorations of personhood include Frankfurt 1971 and Korsgaard 1989
Introductions Gallagher 2011, Martin, Raymond and Barresi, John, eds., Personal Identity (2003).
  Show all references
Related categories
Subcategories:See also:History/traditions: Persons
4044 found
Search inside:
(import / add options)   Sort by:
1 — 50 / 4044
Material to categorize
  1. Mikel Burley (2009). A Dialogue on Immortality. Think 8 (21):91-97.
    The fictional case of Elina Makropulos has been a focus for philosophical reflections on immortality. Here Mikel Burley presents a conversation between Elina and two imaginary philosophers (some, but not all, of whose views bear a passing resemblance to those of Bernard Williams and John Martin Fischer respectively).
    Remove from this list | Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. B. Bønnelykke, J. Olsen & J. Nielsen (1990). Coital Frequency and Twinning. Journal of Biosocial Science 22 (2):191-6.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. A. S. C. (1971). Bradley's Metaphysics and the Self. Review of Metaphysics 25 (2):373-373.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. A. S. C. (1971). The Problem of the Self. Review of Metaphysics 25 (2):356-356.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. A. S. C. (1971). The Problem of the Self. Review of Metaphysics 25 (2):356-356.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Gé Calis & Lucas Mens (1986). Primary Stages in Single-Glance Face Recognition: Expression and Identity. In H. Ellis, M. Jeeves, F. Newcombe & Andrew W. Young (eds.), Aspects of Face Processing. Martinus Nijhoff. 356--362.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Chris Calvert-Minor (2014). Minimal, Narrative, and Committed Selves. Journal of Consciousness Studies 21 (1-2):74-95.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Joseph Keim Campbell (2008). Reply to Brueckner. Analysis 68 (299):264–269.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. Rafael Capurro & Christoph Pingel (2002). Ethical Issues of Online Communication Research. Ethics and Information Technology 4 (3):189-194.
    The paper addresses severalethical issues in online communication researchin light of digital ontology as well as theepistemological questions raised by theblurring boundary between fact and theory inthis field. The concept of ontology is used ina Heideggerian sense as related to the humancapacity of world construction on the basis ofthe givenness of our being-in-the-world.Ethical dilemmas of Internet research thusarise from the tension between bodily existenceand the proper object of research, i.e., onlineexistence. The following issues are beingconsidered: online identity, online language,online consent (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (14 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Norman S. Care, Robert H. Grimm & Oberlin College (1969). Perception and Personal Identity Proceedings. Press of Case Western Reserve University.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. Edgardo D. Carosella & Thomas Pradeu (2006). Transplantation and Identity: A Dangerous Split? The Lancet 368 (9531):183--184.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. Peter Cave (2003). Dead People. Think 2 (5):83.
    Peter Cave explains why he believes we can and should treat people well, even after they have ceased to exist. We should treat people well; therefore, we should treat dead people well.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Louis C. Charland (2009). Reinstating the Passions: Arguments From History of Psychopathology. In Peter Goldie (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Emotion. Oup Oxford.
  14. Mary T. Clark (1992). An Inquiry Into Personhood. Review of Metaphysics 46 (1):3 - 28.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. W. Norris Clarke (1994). The Human Person. International Philosophical Quarterly 34 (3):376-378.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. Linda Rae Clum (2000). "The Sea Beneath the Soil": Visions of the Good in Fiction and in Modern Moral Identity. Dissertation, The University of Chicago
    This project examines the role of fiction in reflection on the moral life. In that context it proposes a moral anthropology in which an agent's values and her narrative self-understanding constitute her moral identity. Such an anthropology supports the claim that in the process of reading, an agent becomes reflective on the values and plots which constitute her own identity. This reflection offers an agent the choice to evaluate and change some of the values which orient her action in the (...)
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. Jonathan Cole (1997). On 'Being Faceless': Selfhood and Facial Embodiment. Journal of Consciousness Studies 4 (5-6):5-6.
    For most people a sense of self includes an embodied component: when describing our selves we describe those aspects of our physical bodies which can be easily codified: height, hair colour, sex, eye colour. Even when we consider ourselves we tend not to consider our intellectual cognitive characteristics but our describable anatomy. Wittgenstein's dictum, ‘the human body is the best picture of the human soul’, is relevant here but I would like to go further: the body-part we feel most embodied (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. F. Brian Allen & Coleman & G. Peter (2005). Spiritual Perspectives on the Person with Dementia: Identity and Personhood. In Julian Hughes, Stephen Louw & Steven R. Sabat (eds.), Dementia: Mind, Meaning, and the Person. Oup Oxford.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Daniel W. Conway (1990). Nietzschean Narratives. Review of Metaphysics 43 (4):883-885.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Brian Cooney (1994). Dennett's Fictional Selves. Southwest Philosophy Review 10 (1):117-124.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. David Copp (2002). Social Unity and the Identity of Persons. Journal of Political Philosophy 10 (4):365–391.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. Joseph Corabi & Susan Schneider (2012). Metaphysics of Uploading. Journal of Consciousness Studies 19 (7):26.
  23. Thomas P. Crocker (1998). The Human Animal. Review of Metaphysics 52 (1):161-163.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. Katja Crone (2012). Phenomenal Self-Identity Over Time. Grazer Philosophische Studien 84 (1):201-216.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. John F. Crosby (2011). The Individuality of Human Persons. Review of Metaphysics 52 (1):21-50.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. Stefaan E. Cuypers (1999). The Philosophy of Psychopathology. Philosophical Explorations 2 (3):154 – 158.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. Taylor W. Cyr (2014). Rationally Not Caring About Torture: A Reply to Johansson. Journal of Ethics 18 (4):331-339.
    Death can be bad for an individual who has died, according to the “deprivation approach,” by depriving that individual of goods. One worry for this account of death’s badness is the Lucretian symmetry argument: since we do not regret having been born later than we could have been born, and since posthumous nonexistence is the mirror image of prenatal nonexistence, we should not regret dying earlier than we could have died. Anthony Brueckner and John Martin Fischer have developed a response (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. A. B. D. (1964). The Existential Background of Human Dignity. Review of Metaphysics 17 (3):479-479.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. J. F. D. (1958). Person and Reality. Review of Metaphysics 11 (4):690-690.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. Barry F. Dainton (1989). The Nature and Identity of the Self. Dissertation, University of Oxford (United Kingdom)
    Available from UMI in association with The British Library. Requires signed TDF. ;We are mental beings whose identity is absolute, intrinsic and real. This conception of the self, which, it is argued, corresponds to our deeper beliefs about, and attitudes towards, ourselves and others, is a consequence of taking the experienced unity and continuity of consciousness as the key to self-identity. Some of the difficulties often taken as fatal to this "subjectivist" view of the self, considerations concerning private languages and (...)
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. Gary E. Dann (2000). Kass, Leon R., and James Q. Wilson. The Ethics of Human Cloning. Review of Metaphysics 53 (3):710-711.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. Richard De Bary (1936). My Experiments with Death. New York [Etc.]Longmans, Green and Co..
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. Jill de Villiers & Jay Garfield (2009). Evidentiality and Narrative. Journal of Consciousness Studies 16 (6-8):6-8.
    In this paper we argue that the phenomenon of evidentiality, the grammatical marking in some languages of the source of one's knowledge, gives us a revealing window into the developmental processes in middle childhood that subserve the achievement of narrative competence. First, we argue that the mastery of evidentiality is connected to the development of an understanding of inference, and of the ability to mobilize this understanding in the construction of human narratives. Second, we examine the role that parent-child discourse (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. M. C. Dillon (1974). Sartre on the Phenomenal Body and Merleau-Ponty's Critique. Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 5:144-158.
    The article tries to show that both resolution of the mind-body problem and adequate description of the phenomenal body depend upon the ontology presupposed in offering such a resolution or description. a detailed analysis of sartre's treatment of the body demonstrates that his failures are a result of his neo-cartesian ontology. both the critique and the resolution proposed toward the end take their departure from merleau- ponty's thesis of the ontological primacy of phenomena.
    Remove from this list |
    Translate to English
    |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. Robin S. Dillon (2007). Arrogance, Self-Respect and Personhood. Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (s 5-6):101-126.
    This essay aims to show that arrogance corrupts the very qualities that make persons persons. The corruption is subtle but profound, and the key to understanding it lies in understanding the connections between different kinds of arrogance, self-respect, respect for others and personhood. Making these connections clear is the second aim of this essay. It will build on Kant's claim that self-respect is central to living our human lives as persons and that arrogance is, at its core, the failure to (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. Jj Do Nahue (1987). The Person as a Brain Microparticle. Auslegung 14 (1):1-17.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. Thomas J. Donahue, The Person As A Brain Microparticle.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  38. Joseph Donceel (1987). Death of the Soul. International Philosophical Quarterly 27 (3):338-339.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. Jude P. Dougherty (1983). Social Order and the Limits of Law. Review of Metaphysics 37 (1):126-127.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. Hubert L. Dreyfus (1989). Alternative Philosophical Conceptualizations of Psychopathology. In Phenomenology and Beyond: The Self and its Language. Dordrecht: Kluwer.
    Home Courses Selected Papers Selected Books C.V. Dreydegger.org Phil. Faculty Dept. Philosophy UC Berkeley.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. Bárbara Nascimento Duarte (2014). Entangled Agencies: New Individual Practices of Human-Technology Hybridism Through Body Hacking. NanoEthics 8 (3):275-285.
    This essay develops its idiosyncrasy by concentrating primarily on the trend of body hacking. The practitioners, self-defined as body hackers, self-made cyborgs or grinders, work in different ways to develop functional and physiological modifications through the contributions of technology. Their goal is to develop by themselves an empirically man-technique fusion. These dynamic “scientific” subcultures are producing astonishing innovations. From pocket-sized kits that sample human DNA, microchip implants that keep tabs on our internal organs, blood sugar levels or moods, and even (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. S. A. E. (1964). Earlier Philosophical Writings. Review of Metaphysics 18 (1):185-185.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. S. A. E. (1964). Humanist Without Portfolio. Review of Metaphysics 18 (1):186-186.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. T. L. E. (1978). Transcendent Selfhood. The Loss and Rediscovery of the Inner Life. Review of Metaphysics 32 (1):133-134.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. Jonathan Edelmann (2007). Setting Criteria for Ideal Reincarnation Research. Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (12):92-101.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. Robert Elliot (1997). Genetic Therapy, Person-Regarding Reasons and the Determination of Identity. Bioethics 11 (2):151–160.
    It has been argued for example by Ingmar Persson, that genetic therapy performed on a conceptus does not alter the identity of the person that develops from it, even if we are essentially persons. If this claim is true then there can be person-regarding reasons for performing genetic therapy on a conceptus. Here it is argued that such person-regarding reasons obtain only if we are not essentially persons but essentially animals. This conclusion requires the defeat of the origination theory, which (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. George Englebretsen (1975). Speaking of Persons. Published for the Canadian Association for Publishing in Philosophy by Dalhousie University Press.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. K. P. F. (1963). The Dignity of Science. Review of Metaphysics 17 (1):153-154.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. Arthur E. Falk (1984). Selfhood, Modality, and Philosophies of Mind. Metaphilosophy 15 (2):100–111.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  50. Mike Featherstone (1999). Body Modification: An Introduction. Body and Society 5 (2-3):1-13.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
1 — 50 / 4044