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Subcategories:History/traditions: Philosophical Methods
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  1. Kwame Anthony Appiah (2010). Philosophy in and Out of the Armchair. In T. J. Smiley, Jonathan Lear & Alex Oliver (eds.), The Force of Argument: Essays in Honor of Timothy Smiley. Routledge
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  2. Francisco Valle Arroyo (1980). La Negación En la Psicolingüística Experimental. El Basilisco: Revista de Filosofía, Ciencias Humanas, Teoría de la Ciencia y de la Cultura 9:3-8.
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  3. L. K. B. (1958). Modus Operandi. Review of Metaphysics 11 (3):516-516.
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  4. R. B. (1956). Postulates and Implications. Review of Metaphysics 9 (4):702-702.
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  5. R. J. B. (1967). The Linguistic Turn. Review of Metaphysics 21 (1):170-170.
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  6. Samuel Bagg (2016). Between Critical and Normative Theory. Political Research Quarterly 69:1-12.
    Over the last decade, a call for greater “realism” in political theory has challenged the goals and methods that are implicit in much contemporary “normative” theory. However, realists have yet to produce a convincing alternative research program that is “constructive” rather than primarily “critical” in nature. I argue that given their common wariness of a devotion to abstract principles, realists should consider adopting John Dewey’s vision of theoretical expertise as an expansive kind of prediction that engages all of our historical, (...)
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  7. Herman Cappelen, Tamar Szabó Gendler & John Hawthorne (eds.) (2016). The Oxford Handbook of Philosophical Methodology. Oxford University Press Uk.
    This is the most comprehensive book ever published on philosophical methodology. A team of thirty-eight of the world's leading philosophers present original essays on various aspects of how philosophy should be and is done. The first part is devoted to broad traditions and approaches to philosophical methodology. The entries in the second part address topics in philosophical methodology, such as intuitions, conceptual analysis, and transcendental arguments. The third part of the book is devoted to essays about the interconnections between philosophy (...)
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  8. Margaret Cavendish & Eileen O'neill (2004). Observations Upon Experimental Philosophy. Philosophical Quarterly 54 (214):175-177.
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  9. Jason Costanzo (2013). Philosophical Devices: Proofs, Probabilities, Possibilities, and Sets. Reviewed By. [REVIEW] Metapsychology Online Reviews 17 (30).
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  10. Martin Curd (2013). The Future of Philosophy of Science: Armchair Philosophers Need Not Apply. [REVIEW] Metascience 22 (1):159-164.
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  11. Chris Daly (ed.) (2015). The Palgrave Handbook of Philosophical Methods.
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  12. J. T. Desaguliers, William Innys, Thomas Longman, T. Shewell & Charles Hitch (1745). A Course of Experimental Philosophy. Printed for W. Innys, T. Longman and T. Shewell, and C. Hitch, in Pater-Noster Row; and M. Senex, in Fleetstreet.
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  13. J. T. Desaguliers, John Senex, William Innys, Richard Manby & John Osborn (1734). A Course of Experimental Philosophy. Printed for John Senex; W. Innys and Richard Manby; and John Osborn and Thomas Longman.
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  14. Sarah J. L. Edwards (2014). Experimental Treatments for Ebola. Research Ethics 10 (3):126-128.
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  15. Anthony Vincent Fernandez (forthcoming). The Subject Matter of Phenomenological Research: Existentials, Modes, and Prejudices. Synthese:1-20.
    In this essay I address the question, “What is the subject matter of phenomenological research?” I argue that in spite of the increasing popularity of phenomenology, the answers to this question have been brief and cursory. As a result, contemporary phenomenologists lack a clear framework within which to articulate the aims and results of their research, and cannot easily engage each other in constructive and critical discourse. Examining the literature on phenomenology’s identity, I show how the question of phenomenology’s subject (...)
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  16. Eugen Fischer (2013). Philosophical Delusion and its Therapy: Outline of a Philosophical Revolution. Routledge.
    _Philosophical Delusion and its Therapy_ provides new foundations and methods for the revolutionary project of philosophical therapy pioneered by Ludwig Wittgenstein. The book vindicates this currently much-discussed project by reconstructing the genesis of important philosophical problems: With the help of concepts adapted from cognitive linguistics and cognitive psychology, the book analyses how philosophical reflection is shaped by pictures and metaphors we are not aware of employing and are prone to misapply. Through innovative case-studies on the genesis of classical problems about (...)
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  17. Anton Ford (2015). The Arithmetic of Intention. American Philosophical Quarterly 52 (2):129-143.
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  18. José Fröbes (1945). Tratado de Psicologia Empirica y Experimental. Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 1 (2):233-235.
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  19. Joseph S. Fulda (1992). Reply to an Objection to Animal Rights. Journal of Value Inquiry 26 (1):87-88.
    Notwithstanding the numerous errors in this piece, the core teaching remains unscathed: Arithmetic (or any other branch of mathematics) cannot do moral work. If it appears otherwise, that simply means some nonstandard version of the relevant area of mathematics will work. -/- Negative results can indeed sometimes be shown using mathematics, but not on such fundamental normative questions as whether something/someone has rights. Also, mathematics can put into relief, sometimes, a fundamental normative question, even though it cannot resolve it.
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  20. María G. Navarro (2014). Fotografía de un método. Revista Cronopio 51 (12 june).
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  21. Sandra Harding (1987). The Method Question. Hypatia 2 (3):19 - 35.
    A continuing concern of many feminists and non-feminists alike has been to identify a distinctive feminist method of inquiry. This essay argues that this method question is misguided and should be abandoned. In doing so it takes up the distinctions between and relationships among methods, methodologies and epistemologies; proposes that the concern to identify sources of the power of feminist analyses motivates the method question; and suggests how to pursue this project.
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  22. Gary Hatfield (2002). Transl of Immanuel Kant: Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics That Will Be Able to Come Forward as Science. In Henry Allison & Peter Heath (eds.), Immanuel Kant: Theoretical Philosophy after 1781. Cambridge University Press 29-169, 465-484.
    This edition of the Prolegomena presents Kant's thought clearly by paying careful attention to his original language. An extensive translator's introduction considers the origin and purpose of the Prolegomena, examines Kant's use of the analytic method, compares the structure of the Prolegomena to that of the Critique of Pure Reason, examines Kant's relation to Hume as expressed in this work, briefly surveys the work's reception, and offers a note on texts and translation. Detailed scholarly notes accompany the translation itself.
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  23. Michael Heyd (1987). The New Experimental Philosophy: A Manifestation of “Enthusiasm” or an Antidote to It? [REVIEW] Minerva 25 (4):423-440.
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  24. W. D. Joske (1961). Intuitions and Objectivity. Philosophy 36 (137):215 - 217.
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  25. Joshua Knobe & Erica Preston‐Roedder (2009). The Ordinary Concept of Valuing. Philosophical Issues 19 (1):131-147.
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  26. Peter G. Mantle (2002). Experimental Mycotoxic Nephropathies and Balkan Endemic Nephropathy. Facta Universitatis 9:64-65.
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  27. Lydia McGrew (1998). Psychology for Armchair Philosophers. Idealistic Studies 28 (3):145-155.
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  28. Matthew E. Moore (2002). Archimedean Intuitions. Theoria 68 (3):185-204.
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  29. Allen B. Moran (2011). He Became Poor. Review of Metaphysics 64 (3):634-636.
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  30. Vincent C. Müller (2010). Εικάζει η φιλοσοφία για εμπειρικά δεδομένα; Η γνωσιακή διαπερατότητα της αντίληψης [Does philosophy speculate about empirical facts? The cognitive penetrability of perception]. Noesis 6 (1):161-164.
    Should we do speculative cognitive science? - In present day philosophy, I see a fashion that uses empirical facts (data) to support positions that are not philosophical but empirical in nature. The argumentative structure is classical philosophy, saying that ‘this has to be that way because …’ where the ‘this’ refers to some empirical state of affairs. This kind of philosophy speculates about empirical facts in areas where we do not yet know the facts – the arguments are a priori, (...)
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  31. Émile Namer (1965). Le copernicanisme expérimental de Galilée (I). Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 155:217 - 228.
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  32. Émile Namer (1965). Le copernicanisme expérimental de Galilée (II). Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 155:359 - 378.
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  33. Lawrence Nolan (2005). The Ontological Argument as an Exercise in Cartesian Therapy. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 35 (4):521 - 562.
    I argue that Descartes intended the so-called ontological "argument" as a self-validating intuition, rather than as a formal proof. The textual evidence for this view is highly compelling, but the strongest support comes from understanding Descartes's diagnosis for why God's existence is not 'immediately' self-evident to everyone and the method of analysis that he develops for making it self-evident. The larger aim of the paper is to use the ontological argument as a case study of Descartes's nonformalist theory of deduction (...)
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  34. C. M. O'H. (1928). Armchair Philosophy. Modern Schoolman 4 (8):137-137.
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  35. José Ortega Y. Gasset (2006). Nueva medicina experimental. Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 25 (2):1-8.
    The article focuses on the ideas of psychiatrist Sigmund Freud and his theories and ideas on human thought and desire. It is suggested that even though some consider Freud as a genius regarding ideas of the unconscious mind, others believe that it was just propaganda. Included in the article are opinions on many of Freud's ideas on dreams, personality, conflict, repressions and the unconscious. The author questions whether or not Freud's ideas will continue to be used in science in the (...)
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  36. Marek Pepliński (2014). Filozofowanie a prawda o człowieku. Filo-Sofija 14 (3/26):85-98.
    Philosophizing and the True Knowledge of Human Being -/- The article presents the principles and method of classical philosophy. This kind of philosophy, developed mainly in ancient and medieval times, is still viable and interesting today. What is more important, it can be used as grounds for academic philosophy. Doing so provides a philosopher with resources for autonomy in her philosophical inquiry as well as the usefulness and application of its results for various cultural, social, and political tasks. The last (...)
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  37. Marek Pepliński (2014). Filozofowanie a prawda o człowieku. Filo-Sofija 14 (3/26):85-98.
    Philosophizing and the True Knowledge of Human Being -/- Abstract -/- The article presents the principles and method of classical philosophy. This kind of philosophy, developed mainly in ancient and medieval times, is still viable and interesting today. What is more important, it can be used as grounds for academic philosophy. Doing so provides a philosopher with resources for autonomy in her philosophical inquiry as well as the usefulness and application of its results for various cultural, social, and political tasks. (...)
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  38. Marek Pepliński (2014). Filozofowanie a prawda o człowieku. Filo-Sofija 14 (3/26):85-98.
    Philosophizing and the True Knowledge of Human Being -/- Abstract -/- The article presents the principles and method of classical philosophy. This kind of philosophy, developed mainly in ancient and medieval times, is still viable and interesting today. What is more important, it can be used as grounds for academic philosophy. Doing so provides a philosopher with resources for autonomy in her philosophical inquiry as well as the usefulness and application of its results for various cultural, social, and political tasks. (...)
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  39. Ilídio de Sousa Ribeiro (1955). Curso de Psicologia Experimental. Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 11 (1):105-105.
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  40. Eleanor Rosch (2000). The Brain Between Two Paradigms: Can Biofunctionalism Join Wisdom Intuitions to Analytic Science? Journal of Mind and Behavior 21 (1-2):189-203.
    Biofunctionalism appears to be a pioneering effort to formulate a portrait of the body&endash;mind which acknowledges intuitions we have about human functioning that go beyond the analytic approach of the cognitive sciences but that can yet remain within the worldview and methods of the analytic portrait. The intuitions are : wholeness, interdependent causality, present temporality, effortless action, realness, panoramic knowing, and value. Such themes are most fully developed in the meditative and contemplative traditions of the world. Biofunctionalism is evaluated both (...)
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  41. David Rose (ed.) (forthcoming). Experimental Metaphysics. Bloomsbury.
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  42. Leo S. Schumacher (1952). Philosophy and Experimental Physics: Comment. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 26:61.
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  43. Hanna Scolnicov (2012). The Experimental Plays of Harold Pinter. University of Delaware Press.
    Scolnicov highlights Harold Pinter as an experimental playwright who attempted to free the theatre from the legacy of realism, causality, and motivation.
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  44. Ernest Sosa (2008). How Are Experiments Relevant to Intuitions? In Joshua Knobe & Shaun Nichols (eds.), Experimental Philosophy. OUP Usa
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  45. H. Wallach & M. Henle (1941). An Experimental Analysis of the Law of Effect. Journal of Experimental Psychology 28 (4):340.
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  46. Kenneth R. Westphal (2010-11). ‘Analytic Philosophy and the Long Tail of Scientia: Hegel and the Historicity of Philosophy’. The Owl of Minerva 42 (1-2):1–18.
    Rejection of the philosophical relevance of history of philosophy remains pronounced within contemporary analytic philosophy. The two main reasons for this rejection presuppose that strict deduction is both necessary and sufficient for rational justification. However, this justificatory ideal of scientia holds only within strictly formal domains. This is confirmed by a neglected non-sequitur in van Fraassen’s original defence of ‘Constructive Empiricism’. Conversely, strict deduction is insufficient for rational justification in non-formal, substantive domains of inquiry. In non-formal, substantive domains, rational justification (...)
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Conceptual Analysis
  1. Felicia Ackerman (1990). Analysis, Language, and Concepts: The Second Paradox of Analysis. Philosophical Perspectives 4:535-543.
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  2. Kristoffer Ahlstrom (2009). Intuitions in Epistemology: Towards a Naturalistic Alternative. Studia Philosophica Estonica 2 (2):15-34.
    The present paper revisits the main methodological problems with conceptual analysis and considers two attempts to rectify them in terms of prototypes and reflective equilibria, respectively. Finding both wanting for the purposes of epistemological analysis, a naturalistic alternative is then sketched that explores the positive implications of aforementioned problems for the demarcation of the respective roles of intuitions and empirical investigation within three epistemological domains, viz., the evaluation of epistemological hypotheses, the amelioration of epistemic practices, and the construction of a (...)
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  3. Kristoffer Ahlstrom-Vij (2012). Review of Colin McGinn, Truth by Analysis: Games, Names, and Philosophy (OUP 2012). [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews.
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  4. Hieke Alexander & Leitgeb Hannes (eds.) (2009). Reduction, Abstraction, Analysis. Ontos Verlag.
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1 — 50 / 942