About this topic
Summary Archaeology has long been a philosophically and methodologically reflective science. This, in addition to being situated between the physical, social and historical sciences, makes it ideal (and typically under-utilized) fodder for philosophical analysis and understanding. This entry attempts to include both the clearly philosophical, and work attempting new, integrative approaches to archaeological reconstruction. Major issues in the philosophy of archaeology are epistemological, methodological and ethical. Epistemically, the status of archaeological evidence, and its capacity to underwrite reconstructions of prehistoric social worlds, must confront the decay of traces over time and the limited applicability of repeated experimentation so favored of physical sciences. Methodologically, archaeologists worry a lot about how best to treat their evidence: the long debates between processualists, structuralists, post-modernists, etc... are a testament to this. Moreover, archaeology is by its very nature pluralistic: it draws together many forms of evidence, from a diverse range of fields (from physics to evolutionary theory to comparative religion), making it a hot-spot for integrative and disunified approaches to science. Finally, archaeologists are often in the business of utilizing the material remains of sometimes venerated - and sometimes politically explosive - past people. This requires an ethical understanding of the delicate relationships between the scientist and the (often politically underrepresented) groups who also lay claim to such remains.
Key works For rich philosophical and historical discussion focusing largely on the epistemological and methodological issues in archaeology, Alison Wylie's work is invaluable, particularly Wylie 2002 which collects several of her papers. Another important work covering the epistemological issues is Kosso 2001's 'Knowing the past' . The papers collected in the Oxford Handbook of Archaeological Theory provide a good overview of theoretical issues in the science.
Introductions Historically, epistemological discussion in anthropology has coalesced around the evidential status of so-called 'ethnographic analogy': the use of contemporary anthropological evidence to inform pre-historical reconstruction. Alison Wylie's "The reaction against analogy" Wylie 1985 both provides a history and a philosophical analysis. Currie 2016 connects these issues to reconstruction in biology. Another good introduction to epistemological issues (which connects archaeology to wider issues in historical reconstruction) is Jeffares 2008. For a nice introduction to ethical issues in archaeology, see Bahn 1984.
  Show all references
Related categories
Siblings:
383 found
Search inside:
(import / add options)   Order:
1 — 50 / 383
  1. W. V. Adams & E. W. Adams (1991). Archaeological Typology and Practical Reality: A Dialectical Approach to Artifact Classification and Sorting. Cambridge University Press.
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2. Chahryar Adle, Claude Cosandey, Henri-Paul Francfort & Eric Fouache (2015). Greater Khorasan: History, Geography, Archaeology and Material Culture. De Gruyter.
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  3. Fernando Lâopez Aguilar (1990). Elementos Para Una Construcci'on Te'orica En Arqueolog'ia.
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4. Stuart Albert & Suzanne Kessler (1976). Processes for Ending Social Encounters: The Conceptual Archaeology of a Temporal Place1. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 6 (2):147-170.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  5. Ben Alberti, Severin Fowles, Martin Holbraad, Yvonne Marshall & Chris Whitmore, "Worlds Otherwise": Archaeology, Anthropology, and Ontological Difference.
    The debate concerning ontology is heating up in the social sciences. How is this impacting anthropology and archaeology? What contributions can these disciplines make? Following a session at the 2010 Theoretical Archaeology Group conference at Brown University (“‘Worlds Otherwise’: Archaeology, Theory, and Ontological Difference,” convened by Ben Alberti and Yvonne Marshall), a group of archaeologists and anthropologists have continued to discuss the merits, possibilities, and problems of an ontologically oriented approach. The current paper is a portion of this larger conversation— (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  6. Kristin Armstrong Oma & Lynda Birke (2013). Guest Editors’ Introduction Archaeology and Human-Animal Studies. Society and Animals 21 (2):113-119.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  7. C. J. Arnold (1986). Archaeology and History. In J. L. Bintliff & C. F. Gaffney (eds.), Archaeology at the Interface: Studies in Archaeology's Relationships with History, Geography, Biology, and Physical Science. B.A.R.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  8. Paul Bahn (1984). Do Not Disturb? Archaeology and the Rights of the Dead. Journal of Applied Philosophy 1 (2):213-225.
  9. Ian Bapty & Tim Yates (eds.) (1990). Archaeology After Structuralism: Post-Structuralism and the Practice of Archaeology. Routledge.
    Introduction: Archaeology and Post-Structuralism Ian Bapty and Tim Yates i If it recedes one day, leaving behind its works and signs on the shores of our ...
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  10. Caroline Bassett (2012). Jussi Parikka, Insect Media: An Archaeology of Animals and Technology. Radical Philosophy 173:52.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  11. Rhonda R. Bathurst (2000). Keeping Up With the Jones's: Addressing Aspects of Archaeological Representation. Nexus 14 (1):1.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  12. J. Bayley, G. J. Wainwright & English Heritage (1998). Science in Archaeology an Agenda for the Future.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  13. J. A. Bell (forthcoming). Book Review: Can There Be a Philosophy of Archaeology? By William Harvey Krieger. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  14. James A. Bell (2008). Book Review: Krieger, WH (2006). Can There Be a Philosophy of Archaeology? Lanham, MD: Lexington Books. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 38 (4):560-564.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  15. Tony Bennett (2002). Archaeological Autopsy: Objectifying Time and Cultural Governance. Cultural Values 6 (1-2):29-47.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  16. R. Alexander Bentley & Herbert D. G. Maschner (2003). Complex Systems and Archaeology.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  17. Constance Berman (1995). Gender and Material Culture. The Archaeology of Religious Women. [REVIEW] The Medieval Review 8.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18. Reinhard Bernbeck (1997). Theorien in der Archäologie.
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  19. J. Bernstein (2003). Melancholy As Form: Towards An Archaeology Of Modernism. In John J. Joughin & Simon Malpas (eds.), The New Aestheticism. Manchester University Press 167--190.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  20. Kathleen Biddick (1991). Medieval Archaeology. [REVIEW] Speculum 66 (4):939-942.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  21. Kathleen Biddick (1986). The Archaeology of Medieval England. [REVIEW] Speculum 61 (2):395-396.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  22. Amilcare Bietti, International Union of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences & International Congress of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences (1996). Theoretical and Methodological Problems. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  23. Can Bilsel (2012). Antiquity on Display: Regimes of the Authentic in Berlin's Pergamon Museum. Oxford University Press.
    In this volume, Bilsel argues that the museum has produced a modern decor, an iconic image, which has replaced the lost antique originals, rather than creating an explicitly hypothetical representation of Antiquity.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  24. L. Binford (1962). Archaeology as Anthropology. In M. Leone (ed.), Contemporary Archaeology. Southern Illinois University 93-101.
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  25. Lewis Roberts Binford (1983). Working at Archaeology. Academic Press.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  26. J. L. Bintliff (1991). The Annales School and Archaeology.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  27. J. L. Bintliff (1988). Extracting Meaning From the Past. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  28. J. L. Bintliff (1986). Archaeology at the Interface. In J. L. Bintliff & C. F. Gaffney (eds.), Archaeology at the Interface: Studies in Archaeology's Relationships with History, Geography, Biology, and Physical Science. B.A.R.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  29. J. L. Bintliff & C. F. Gaffney (eds.) (1986). Archaeology at the Interface: Studies in Archaeology's Relationships with History, Geography, Biology, and Physical Science. B.A.R..
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  30. John L. Bintliff (forthcoming). Archaeology and the Philosophy of Wittgenstein. Philosophy.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  31. J. Boardman (1996). Review. Archaeology and Theory. Time, Tradition and Society in Greek Archaeology: Bridging the 'Great Divide'. N Spencer (Ed). [REVIEW] The Classical Review 46 (2):344-345.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  32. John Boardman (2011). To Wake the Dead: A Renaissance Merchant and the Birth of Archaeology. Common Knowledge 17 (1):191-192.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  33. John Boardman (2010). Archaeology as Political Action. Common Knowledge 16 (1):150-150.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  34. John Boardman (2009). The Nation and Its Ruins: Antiquity, Archaeology, and National Imagination in Greece. Common Knowledge 15 (3):503-504.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  35. Sheila Bonde (1987). Twenty-Five Years of Medieval Archaeology. [REVIEW] Speculum 62 (1):201-Sheila Bonde.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  36. Sheila Bonde & Clark Maines (1992). Norton Priory: The Archaeology of a Medieval Religious House. [REVIEW] Speculum 67 (4):972-973.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  37. Sheila Bonde & Clark Maines (1988). The Archaeology of Monasticism: A Survey of Recent Work in France, 1970–1987. Speculum 63 (4):794-825.
    Recognition of medieval archaeology as a distinct field, worthy of study in its own right, began in France in the 1950s when Michel de Boüard established the Centre de Recherches Archéologiques Médiévales at the Université de Caen. Development of the field accelerated in the 1960s with the establishment of the Laboratoire d'Archéologie Médiévale under the direction of Gabrielle Démians d'Archimbaud at the Université de Provence-Aix and with the creation of formal academic programs at Caen, Aix, and several other universities. It (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  38. Helga Botermann (1979). Archaeology and History. Philosophy and History 12 (2):213-215.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  39. Richard Bradley (2002). The Past in Prehistoric Societies.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  40. Alison S. Brooks (2010). Archaeology and Paleoanthropology. What is a Human? : Archaeological Perspectives on the Origins of Humanness. In Malcolm A. Jeeves (ed.), Rethinking Human Nature: A Multidisciplinary Approach. William B. Eerdmans Pub. Company
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  41. Elizabeth M. Brumfiel (2000). On the Archaeology of Choice: Agency Studies as a Research Stratagem. In Marcia-Anne Dobres & John E. Robb (eds.), Agency in Archaeology. Routledge 249--255.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  42. Keynyn Brysse (2010). Cryptozoology, Archaeology and Palaeontology: Histories Near the High Table. Annals of Science 67 (4):569-575.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  43. Victor Buchli, Gavin Lucas & Margaret Cox (2001). Archaeologies of the Contemporary Past.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  44. Mats Burström (2013). Fragments as Something More : Archaeological Experience and Reflection. In Alfredo González Ruibal (ed.), Reclaiming Archaeology: Beyond the Tropes of Modernity. Routledge 311.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  45. Fiona Campbell & Jonna Hansson (2000). Archaeological Sensibilities. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  46. John Carman (2002). Archaeology and Heritage an Introduction. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  47. B. Chapman & A. Wylie (eds.) (2015). Material Evidence. Routledge.
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  48. D. L. Clarke (1973). Archaeology: The Loss of Innocence. Antiquity 47:6-18.
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  49. Annabelle Collinet (2015). Greater Khorasan: History, Geography, Archaeology and Material Culture. De Gruyter.
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  50. Margaret Wright Conkey & Joan M. Gero (1991). Engendering Archaeology Women and Prehistory.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
1 — 50 / 383