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  1. Daniel A. Albert (2000). Sex and Death: An Introduction to Philosophy of Biology (Review). Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 43 (4):622-623.
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  2. James Alcock (2003). Belief and Survival. World Futures 59 (3 & 4):189 – 200.
    Our ability to survive in a world beset by looming global perils depends ultimately on our collective will to harness our intellects and change our behaviors. In order to respond appropriately, people must first believe that serious problems exist, that there are potential solutions, and that they have a role to play in finding and implementing them. Without such beliefs, individual change is unlikely. In order to promote belief change, it is important to understand how beliefs are learned, what their (...)
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  3. Denis Alexander & Ronald L. Numbers (eds.) (2010). Biology and Ideology From Descartes to Dawkins. The University of Chicago Press.
    An accessible survey, this collection will enlighten historians of science, their students, practicing scientists, and anyone interested in the relationship ...
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  4. Holly Andersen (2014). A Field Guide to Mechanisms: Part I. Philosophy Compass 9 (4):274-283.
    In this field guide, I distinguish five separate senses with which the term ‘mechanism’ is used in contemporary philosophy of science. Many of these senses have overlapping areas of application but involve distinct philosophical claims and characterize the target mechanisms in relevantly different ways. This field guide will clarify the key features of each sense and introduce some main debates, distinguishing those that transpire within a given sense from those that are best understood as concerning distinct senses. The ‘new mechanisms’ (...)
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  5. Holly Andersen (2014). A Field Guide to Mechanisms: Part II. Philosophy Compass 9 (4):284-293.
    In this field guide, I distinguish five separate senses with which the term ‘mechanism’ is used in contemporary philosophy of science. Many of these senses have overlapping areas of application but involve distinct philosophical claims and characterize the target mechanisms in relevantly different ways. This field guide will clarify the key features of each sense and introduce some main debates, distinguishing those that transpire within a given sense from those that are best understood as concerning two distinct senses. The ‘new (...)
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  6. Francisco Ayala (2004). What Makes Biology Unique? Ernst Mayr at 100. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 26 (2):243 - 256.
  7. Morton Beckner (1968). The Biological Way of Thought. Berkeley, University of California Press.
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  8. Michael Bradie (2000). A Discipline Matures. Biology and Philosophy 15 (4):575-593.
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  9. Michael Bradie (1992). Darwin's Legacy. Biology and Philosophy 7 (1):111-126.
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  10. Allen duPont Breck & Wolfgang Yourgrau (eds.) (1972/1974). Biology, History, and Natural Philosophy. [New York,Plenum Press.
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  11. Cornelis Eliza Bertus Bremekamp (1962). The Various Aspects of Biology: Essays by a Botanist on the Classification and Main Contents of the Principal Branches of Biology. Noord-Hollandsche Uitg. Mij..
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  12. Ingo Brigandt (2011). Philosophy of Biology. In Steven French & Juha Saatsi (eds.), The Continuum Companion to the Philosophy of Science. Continuum Press. 246--267.
    This overview of philosophy of biology lays out what implications biology and recent philosophy of biology have for general philosophy of science. The following topics are addressed in five sections: natural kinds, conceptual change, discovery and confirmation, explanation and reduction, and naturalism.
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  13. John Alfred Valentine Butler (1976). Modern Biology and its Human Implications. Hodder and Stoughton.
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  14. Jason M. Byron (2007). Whence Philosophy of Biology? British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 58 (3):409 - 422.
    A consensus exists among contemporary philosophers of biology about the history of their field. According to the received view, mainstream philosophy of science in the 1930s, 40s, and 50s focused on physics and general epistemology, neglecting analyses of the 'special sciences', including biology. The subdiscipline of philosophy of biology emerged (and could only have emerged) after the decline of logical positivism in the 1960s and 70s. In this article, I present bibliometric data from four major philosophy of science journals (Erkenntnis, (...)
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  15. Anthony K. Campbell (1994). Rubicon: The Fifth Dimension of Biology. Duckworth.
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  16. David Castle (2001). Sex and Death: An Introduction to Philosophy of Biology. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 16 (3):405-413.
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  17. Michael Cavanaugh (2002). Ruse's Darwin and Design: Does It Go Far Enough? Zygon 37 (2):451-456.
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  18. Stephen R. L. Clark (2000). Have Biologists Wrapped Up Philosophy? Inquiry 43 (2):143 – 165.
    An examination of the currently fashionable thesis that scientists, and especially biologists in the wake of the Darwinian Revolution, can now solve the problems that traditional philosophers have only talked about. Past philosophers, for example during the Enlightenment, have themselves made use of contemporary, scientific techniques and theories. The present claim may only be another such move, to be welcomed by philosophers who would distinguish themselves from rhetoricians. Others may prefer to stake out the merely human or subjective world as (...)
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  19. Christine Clavien & Michel Chapuisat (2013). Altruism Across Disciplines: One Word, Multiple Meanings. Biology and Philosophy 28 (1):125-140.
    Altruism is a deep and complex phenomenon that is analysed by scholars of various disciplines, including psychology, philosophy, biology, evolutionary anthropology and experimental economics. Much confusion arises in current literature because the term altruism covers variable concepts and processes across disciplines. Here we investigate the sense given to altruism when used in different fields and argumentative contexts. We argue that four distinct but related concepts need to be distinguished: (a) psychological altruism , the genuine motivation to improve others’ interests and (...)
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  20. Alan Cock (1985). Who's Who in Biology ? One Selection. The Biographical Dictionary of Scientists: Biologists. Edited by David Abboott. Blond Educational. London. 1983. Pp. 182. �10.95. [REVIEW] Bioessays 2 (2):91-92.
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  21. John Collier (1986). Philosophical Issues: The Deep and the Past. The Structure of Biological Science. By Alexander Rosenberg. Cambridge University Press, 1985. PP. 281. $22.50, £27.50. [REVIEW] Bioessays 4 (1):44-44.
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  22. Larissa Conradt, Christian List & Timothy J. Roper, Swarm Intelligence: When Uncertainty Meets Conflict.
    When animals share decisions with others, they pool personal information, offset individual errors and, thereby, increase decision accuracy. This is termed ‘swarm intelligence.’ But what if those decisions involve conflicts of interest between individual decision-makers? Should animals share decisions with individuals whose goals are different from, and partially in conflict with, their own? A group decision model developed by Larissa Conradt (MPI Berlin) and colleagues finds that, contrary to intuition, conflicting goals often increase both decision accuracy and the individual gains (...)
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  23. Richard Creath & Jane Maienschein (eds.) (2000). Biology and Epistemology. Cambridge University Press.
    This set of original essays by some of the best names in philosophy of science explores a range of diverse issues in the intersection of biology and epistemology. It asks whether the study of life requires a special biological approach to knowledge and concludes that it does not. The studies, taken together, help to develop and deepen our understanding of how biology works and what counts as warranted knowledge and as legitimate approaches to the study of life. The first section (...)
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  24. John Dewey (1910/1965). The Influence of Darwin on Philosophy. Bloomington, Indiana University Press.
    The influence of Darwinism on philosophy.--Nature and its good: a conversation.--Intelligence and morals.--The experimental theory of knowledge.--The intellectualist criterion for truth.--A short catechism concerning truth.--Beliefs and existences.--Experience and objective idealism.--The postulate of immediate empiricism.--"Consciousness" and experience.--The significance of the problem of knowledge.
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  25. Prof Dr P. Dullemeijer (1999). Evolution (1998). Mark Ridley (Ed). Oxford University Press, 400pp. $19.95 Paperback; ISBN 0192892878. [REVIEW] Bioessays 21 (12):1076-1077.
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  26. J. Dupre (1996). Review of Sober's "Philosophy of Biology". [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 63:143-145.
    Elliott Sober is among the leading contemporary contributors to the philosophy of biology. He also has an exceptional ability to explain difficult ideas clearly. He is therefore very well equipped to provide an accessible yet state-of-the-art introduction to the philosophy of biology, and in most respects this optimistic prognosis is justified by the present volume. Focussing on evolutionary biology, Sober provides a general overview of evolutionary theory; a chapter on creationism that serves as a vehicle for the discussion of the (...)
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  27. John Dupré (2012). Processes of Life: Essays in the Philosophy of Biology. OUP Oxford.
    John Dupré explores recent revolutionary developments in biology and considers their relevance for our understanding of human nature and human society. Epigenetics and related areas of molecular biology have eroded the exceptional status of the gene and presented the genome as fully interactive with the rest of the cell. Developmental systems theory provides a space for a vision of evolution that takes full account of the fundamental importance of developmental processes. Dupré shows the importance of microbiology for a proper understanding (...)
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  28. F. J. G. Ebling (ed.) (1969). Biology and Ethics. New York, Published for the Institute of Biology by Academic Press.
  29. Robert S. Edgar (1987). Genetics: History and Conceptualization. Science as a Way of Knowing. III ‐ Genetics. Edited by JOHN A. MOORE Symposium Proceedings, American Society of Zoologists, Dec. 1986. $3.00. [REVIEW] Bioessays 7 (6):281-282.
  30. Eva-Maria Engelen (2007). Georges Canguilhem – Philosoph und Wissenschaftshistoriker der Lebenswissenschaften. Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 55 (3):480-481.
    Review of "Maß und Eigensinn. Studien im Anschluß an Georges Canguilhem“, ed. by Cornelius Borck, Volker Hess and Henning Schmidgen, München (Fink Verlag) 2005.".
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  31. Eric Fanchon & Philippe Tracqui (forthcoming). Proceedings of the XXXIth Seminar of the French-Speaking Society for Theoretical Biology. Acta Biotheoretica.
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  32. Brian Garvey (2007). Philosophy of Biology. Acumen.
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  33. Kenneth William Gatland (1958). The Inhabited Universe. New York, D. Mckay Co..
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  34. Jean Gayon, Philosophy of Biology: An Historico-Critical Characterization.
    Literally speaking, "Philosophy of biology" is a rather old expression. William Whewell coined it in 1840, at the very time he introduced the expression "philosophy of science". Whewell was fond of creating neologisms, like Auguste Comte, his French counterpart in the field of the philosophical reflection about science. Historians of science know that a few years earlier, in 1834, Whewell had generated a small scandal when he proposed the word "scientist" as a general term by which "the students of the (...)
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  35. Michael Ghiselin (1997). Metaphysics and the Origin of Species. Suny Press.
    In explaining his individuality thesis, Michael T. Ghiselin provides extended discussions of such philosophical topics as definition, the reality of various ...
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  36. Santiago Ginnobili (2013). La utilidad de las flores: el movimiento del diseño inteligente y la biología contemporánea. Filosofia E História da Biologia, 8 (2):341-359.
    Existe una tensión entre pretender aplicar una teoría científica genuina del diseño inteligente en general al caso de los organismos vivos y defender, al mismo tiempo, una posición minimalista al respecto del diseño inteligente en la que no se afirma nada al respecto de los objetivos ni la naturaleza del diseñador. Para que el argumento del diseño tenga la fuerza pretendida, debería establecer la identidad del diseñador y sus objetivos. Por otra parte una teoría del diseño inteligente que acuda a (...)
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  37. Santiago Ginnobili (2011). Función como concepto teórico. Scientiae Studia 9 (4):847-880.
    En este artículo, se pretende brindar una nueva perspectiva al respecto de la atribución de funciones en biología. La idea consiste en considerar que los conceptos funcionales son conceptos primitivos de una teoría científica, tal como desarrollada por Darwin en sus textos sobre la fecundación cruzada. Intentaré mostrar que teorías, que hacen ese uso de los conceptos funcionales, tienen características sintomáticas de teorías consideradas habitualmente genuinas y compararé mi enfoque con otros alternativos acerca de las funciones. En la reconstrucción, se (...)
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  38. Bentley Glass (1968). Forerunners of Darwin, 1745-1859. Baltimore, Johns Hopkins Press.
  39. Peter Godfrey-Smith, Philosophy of Biology.
    • "Conditions for Evolution by Natural Selection " (2007) . Evolution by natural selection is usually said to require three ingredients: variation, heredity, and fitness differences. But things are not so simple. Here I discuss various problem cases and their consequences.
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  40. Ursula Goodenough (1998). The Sacred Depths of Nature. Oxford University Press.
    For many of us, the great scientific discoveries of the modern age--the Big Bang, evolution, quantum physics, relativity--point to an existence that is bleak, devoid of meaning, pointless. But in The Sacred Depths of Nature, eminent biologist Ursula Goodenough shows us that the scientific world view need not be a source of despair. Indeed, it can be a wellspring of solace and hope. This eloquent volume reconciles the modern scientific understanding of reality with our timeless spiritual yearnings for reverence and (...)
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  41. Allan Gotthelf & James G. Lennox (eds.) (1987). Philosophical Issues in Aristotle's Biology. Cambridge University Press.
    Aristotle's biological works - constituting over 25% of his surviving corpus and for centuries largely unstudied by philosophically oriented scholars - have been the subject of an increasing amount of attention of late. This collection brings together some of the best work that has been done in this area, with the aim of exhibiting the contribution that close study of these treatises can make to the understanding of Aristotle's philosophy. The book is divided into four parts, each with an introduction (...)
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  42. Attila Grandpierre (2013). The Origin of Cellular Life and Biosemiotics. Biosemiotics (3):1-15.
    Recent successes of systems biology clarified that biological functionality is multilevel. We point out that this fact makes it necessary to revise popular views about macromolecular functions and distinguish between local, physico-chemical and global, biological functions. Our analysis shows that physico-chemical functions are merely tools of biological functionality. This result sheds new light on the origin of cellular life, indicating that in evolutionary history, assignment of biological functions to cellular ingredients plays a crucial role. In this wider picture, even if (...)
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  43. Attila Grandpierre (2011). On the First Principle of Biology and the Foundation of the Universal Science. Analecta Husserliana 107:19-36.
    We propose to replace the present, 400 years-old scientific world picture with an updated, essentially complete model describing the architecture of the Universe. We show that three levels of reality, namely: phenomena, laws and first principles, together form the Universe. Moreover, on the basis of observable behaviour, phenomena, laws and principles can be classified into three fundamentally different branches of natural sciences: physical, biological and psychological. It is shown that the first principles have an ultimate role in the Universe, concentrating (...)
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  44. Todd A. Grantham (2001). K. Sterelny and P. E. Griffiths Sex and Death: An Introduction to Philosophy of Biology. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 52 (1):175-179.
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  45. Lorna Green, Consciousness and the Scheme of Things: A New Copernican Revolution, A Comprehensive New Theory of Consciousness (Submitted February 2010, Published February 2011). [REVIEW]
    Consciousness is more important than the Higgs-Bosen particle. Consciousness has emerged as a term, and a problem, in modern science. Most scientists believe that it can be accomodated and explained, by existing scientific principles. I say that it cannot, that it calls all existing principles into question, and so I propose a New Copernican Revolution among our fundamental terms. I say that consciousness points completely beyond present day science, to a whole new view of the universe, where consciousness, and not (...)
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  46. Lorna Green, Some Radical New Ideas About Consciousness 2012 - Consciousness and the Cosmos: A New Copernican Reolution, Part 1 Science, Consciousness and the Universe.
    Some Radical New Ideas About Consciousness Consciousness and the Cosmos: A New Copernican Revolution Consciousness is our new frontier in modern science. Most scientists believe that it can be accomodated, explained, by existing scientific principles. I say that it cannot. That it calls all existing scientific principles into question. That consciousness is to modern science just exactly what light was to classical physics: All of our fundamental assumptions about the nature of Reality have to change. And I go on, in (...)
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  47. J. C. Greene (1991). Progress, Science, and Value: A Biological Dilemma. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 6 (1):99-106.
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  48. Marjorie Grene (2004). The Philosophy of Biology: An Episodic History. Cambridge University Press.
    Is life different from the non-living? If so, how? And how, in that case, does biology as the study of living things differ from other sciences? These questions are traced through an exploration of episodes in the history of biology and philosophy. The book begins with Aristotle, then moves on to Descartes comparing his position with that of Harvey. In the eighteenth century the authors consider Buffon and Kant. In the nineteenth century the authors examine the Cuvier-Geoffroy debate, pre-Darwinian geology (...)
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  49. Paul Griffiths, Philosophy of Biology. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    The philosophy of biology has existed as a distinct sub-discipline within the philosophy of science for about thirty years. The rapid growth of the field has mirrored that of the biological sciences in the same period. Today the discipline is well represented in the leading journals in philosophy of science, as well as in several specialist journals. There have been two generations of textbooks (see conclusion) and the subject is regularly taught at undergraduate as well as graduate level. The current (...)
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  50. John Scott Haldane (1931). The Philosophical Basis of Biology. [London]Hodder and Stoughton Limited.
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1 — 50 / 181