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Philosophy of Biology

Edited by John Wilkins (University of Sydney, University of Melbourne)
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  1. Rebecca Rogers Ackermann & James M. Cheverud (2004). Morphological Integration in Primate Evolution. In Massimo Pigliucci & Katherine Preston (eds.), Phenotypic Integration: Studying the Ecology and Evolution of Complex Phenotypes. Oxford University Press.
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  2. Robert Ackermann (1969). Mechanism, Methodology, and Biological Theory. Synthese 20 (2):219 - 229.
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  3. Mortimer J. Adler (1974). On Reading F. F. Centore's Review of "The Problem of Evolution". [REVIEW] The Thomist 38 (2):389.
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  4. Gerard Jagers op Akkerhuis (2001). Extrapolating a Hierarchy of Building Block Systems Towards Future Neural Network Organisms. Acta Biotheoretica 49 (3):171-189.
    It is possible to predict future life forms? In this paper it is argued that the answer to this question may well be positive. As a basis for predictions a rationale is used that is derived from historical data, e.g. from a hierarchical classification that ranks all building block systems, that have evolved so far. This classification is based on specific emergent properties that allow stepwise transitions, from low level building blocks to higher level ones. This paper shows how this (...)
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  5. Peter S. Alagona (2004). The Ghosts of Endangered Species Past: Recent Lessons at the Intersection of History and Biology. BioScience 54 (11):984.
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  6. Garland Allen (1976). Life Sciences in the Twentieth Century. Journal of the History of Biology 9 (2):323-323.
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  7. Garland E. Allen (2004). Mendelian Genetics. Ludus Vitalis 12 (21):213-236.
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  8. Garland Allen & Jeffrey Baker (2002). Biology: Scientific Process and Social Issues. Journal of the History of Biology 35 (3):622-623.
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  9. P. Allen (1976). Population Dynamics and Evolution. In Erich Jantsch (ed.), Evolution and Consciousness: Human Systems in Transition. Reading Ma: Addison-Wesley. 127--130.
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  10. Stephen G. Alter (2001). Darwinism and the Linguistic Image. Journal of the History of Biology 34 (1):202-204.
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  11. Nansalmaa Amarsaikhan & Sherine F. Elsawa (forthcoming). Gene Section. Http://Atlasgeneticsoncology. Org.
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  12. Ralph D. Amen (1966). A Biological Systems Concept. BioScience 16 (6):396-401.
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  13. Ronald Amundson & Hans Jenny (1997). Thinking of Biology. BioScience 47 (8):536.
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  14. T. Anastassopoulou-Kapogianni (unknown). Ethics and Biology Perspectives of a Biosensitive Value System. Skepsis 13.
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  15. Lorin Anderson (1983). Charles Bonnet and the Order of the Known. Journal of the History of Biology 16 (3):443-444.
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  16. Robin Andersson (2015). Promoter or Enhancer, What's the Difference? Deconstruction of Established Distinctions and Presentation of a Unifying Model. Bioessays 37 (3):314-323.
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  17. John N. Andrews (1992). The Ecological Self. Cogito 6 (2):104-106.
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  18. Robin M. Andrews & Tom Mathies (2000). Natural History of Reptilian Development: Constraints on the Evolution of Viviparity. BioScience 50 (3):227.
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  19. R. L. Angcrmeir & J. R. Karr (1994). Biological Integrity Versus Biological Diversity as Policy Directives: Protecting Biotic Resources'. BioScience 44 (10):690-697.
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  20. Paul L. Angermeier & James R. Karr (1994). Biological Integrity Versus Biological Diversity as Policy Directives. BioScience 44 (10):690-697.
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  21. W. F. Angermeier, J. McLean, D. Minvielle & C. Grue (1987). Food-Rewarded Operant Learning in the Guinea Pig. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 25 (4):292-295.
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  22. Armando Aranda-Anzaldo (2011). Assuming in Biology the Reality of Real Virtuality (a Come Back for Entelechy?). Ludus Vitalis 19 (36):333-342.
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  23. Joseph Arditti & Peter Atsatt (1970). Plant Symbiosis The Biology of Mycorrhiza J. L. Harley. BioScience 20 (19):1076-1077.
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  24. W. Scott Armbruster (1992). Phylogeny and the Evolution of Plant-Animal Interactions. BioScience 42 (1):12-20.
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  25. Carol Armstrong & Catherine de Zegher (2005). Ocean Flowers: Impressions From Nature. Journal of the History of Biology 38 (3):615-616.
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  26. Patrick Armstrong (2005). Darwin's Other Islands. Journal of the History of Biology 38 (3):617-618.
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  27. Norman Arnheim, Tom White & William E. Rainey (1990). Application of PCR: Organismal and Population Biology. BioScience 40 (3):174-182.
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  28. Karen Arnold, Evaluating Science on Epistemic and Moral Grounds (Formerly, Putting Anthropomorphism in Context).
    In recent years several philosophers of biology have proposed a pluralistic approach to science. In The Disorder of Things, John Dupré argues for a version of pluralism. Pluralists of all breeds must deal with a familiar class of worries that are routinely expressed at the suggestion of any move away from monism. One such worry is that pluralism is a relativistic position in which "anything goes" in science. In this paper I examine Dupré's proposals for saving his pluralism from the (...)
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  29. Elena Aronova (2007). Erratum To: Karl Popper and Lamarckism. Biological Theory 2 (2):213-213.
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  30. Richard James Arras (1991). A Critical Evaluation of the Concept of Hierarchy. Dissertation, Temple University
    The dissertation considers the concept of hierarchy and the ways that it has been used and misused in recent literature. It appraises the work of Herbert Simon and his claims for the primacy of hierarchy in the organization of systems. It also discusses the ways in which the work of Bertrand Russell, specifically the theory of types, and Alfred Tarski, specifically the object language--metalanguage distinction, have been misunderstood as being relevant to questions of systems organization. Claims of hierarchical organization in (...)
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  31. Jesus Artalejo (2014). On the Markovian Approach for Modeling the Dynamics of Nosocomial Infections. Acta Biotheoretica 62 (1):15-34.
    We analyze the dynamics of nosocomial infections in intensive care units by using a Markov chain model. Since population size in the ICU is small, in contrast to previous studies, we concentrate on the analytical solution rather than using simulation. We investigate how changes in the system parameters affect to some important behavioral indicators of the spread of the pathogen. We also present an exact measure of the number of secondary cases of infection produced by one colonized patient.
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  32. Richard D. Arvey & Gary L. Renz (1992). Fairness in the Selection of Employees. Journal of Business Ethics 11 (5-6):331-340.
    A number of fairness issues and principles are developed and discussed from the context of personnel selection. It is noted that not too much attention has been paid to these issues and concerns in the past. A distinction is made between justice and fairness having to do with the procedural components and processes of selection, the nature of the information used to make selection decisions, and the resulting outcomes of the selection process. Ideas for future research and exploration are also (...)
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  33. Michael Ashburner (2007). Won for All: How the Drosophila Genome Was Sequenced. Journal of the History of Biology 40 (2):384-386.
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  34. John Ashton (1936). Why Be Evolutionists? Thought 11 (2):238-251.
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  35. Stephen T. Asma (2002). Stuffed Animals and Pickled Heads: The Culture and Evolution of Natural History Museums. Journal of the History of Biology 35 (1):185-187.
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  36. Italia Anna Asteriti & Giulia Guarguaglini (forthcoming). Gene Section. Http://Atlasgeneticsoncology. Org.
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  37. Paul Atkinson & Aditya Bhardwaj, Inheritance and Society.
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  38. Scott Atran (1991). Cognitive Foundations of Natural History: Towards an Anthropology of Science. Journal of the History of Biology 24 (3):537-540.
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  39. Jean-Pierre Aubin (2013). Tychastic Viability. Acta Biotheoretica 61 (3):329-340.
    Tychastic viability is defined in an uncertain dynamical framework and used for providing a “viability risk eradication measure”, first, by delineating the set of initial conditions from which all evolutions satisfy viability constraints, second, for the other “risky” initial states, by introducing their duration index. This approach provides an alternative to the stochastic representation of chance and these two measures replace the statistical measures.
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  40. John C. Avise (2004). Making Sense of Life: Explaining Biological Development with Models, Metaphors, and Machines (Review). Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 47 (1):145-148.
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  41. John C. Avise (2002). Captivating Life: A Naturalist in the Age of Genetics. Journal of the History of Biology 35 (3):602-604.
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  42. F. J. Ayala (1974). The Biological Concept of Progress. In F. Ayala & T. Dobzhansky (eds.), Studies in the Philosophy of Biology. University of California Press. 339--354.
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  43. Francisco J. Ayala (1974). 19. The Concept of Biological Progress. In Francisco Jose Ayala & Theodosius Grigorievich Dobzhansky (eds.), Studies in the Philosophy of Biology: Reduction and Related Problems. University of California Press. 339.
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  44. Francisco J. Ayala (1967). Man in Evolution. The Thomist 31 (1):1.
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