Related categories
Subcategories:
952 found
Search inside:
(import / add options)   Sort by:
1 — 50 / 952
Material to categorize
  1. Ferdinando Abbri (1996). Chemical Lectures of HT Scheffer. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 18 (1):135-148.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. G. Adomian (1991). An Analytical Solution of the Stochastic Navier-Stokes System. Foundations of Physics 21 (7):831-843.
    This paper, using the author's decomposition method and recent generalizations, presents algorithms for an analytic solution of the stochastic Navier-Stokes system without linearization, perturbation, discretization, or restrictive assumptions on the nature of stochasticity. The pressure, forces, velocities, and initial/boundary conditions can be stochastic processes and are not limited to white noise. Solutions obtained are physically realistic because of the avoidance of assumptions made purely for mathematical tractability by usual methods. Certain extensions and further generalizations of the decomposition method have provided (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. F. M. Akeroyd, D. Baird, T. Benfey, P. Duhem, R. B. King, J. Kovac, J. G. Mcevoy, J. Morrell, R. K. Nesbet & J. L. Ramsey (2000). Authors Index Volume 2. Foundations of Chemistry 2 (265).
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. F. Michael Akeroyd (2008). Mechanistic Explanation Versus Deductive-Nomological Explanation. Foundations of Chemistry 10 (1):39-48.
    This paper discusses the important paper by Paul Thagard on the pathway version of mechanistic explanation that is currently used in chemical explanation. The author claims that this method of explanation has a respectable pedigree and can be traced back to the Chemical Revolution in the arguments used by the Lavoisier School in their theoretical duels with Richard Kirwan, the proponent of a revised phlogistonian theory. Kirwan believed that complex chemical reactions could be explained by recourse to affinity tables that (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. F. Michael Akeroyd (2000). Reply to Psarros: Popper and Chemistry. [REVIEW] Journal for General Philosophy of Science 31 (1):127-131.
    In this article I reply to criticism of my published work by N. Psarros (Journal for the General Philosophy of Science 28: 297–305,1997). I show that I had already answered the first criticism in my published work and not overlooked his supposed refutation. However I offer a plausible argument which he could have used to strengthen his claim. Psarros cites my work on Hopkins in his opening paragraph, but then makes no further reference to it in the text. I indicated (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. F. Michael Akeroyd (2000). Why Was a Fuzzy Model so Successful in Physical Organic Chemistry? Hyle 6 (2):161 - 173.
    This paper examines a facet of the rise of the Hughes-Ingold Theory of Nucleophilic Substitution in Organic Chemistry 1933-1942, arguing that the SN1/SN2 model of reaction mechanism used by Hughes and Ingold is an example of a fuzzy model. Many real world 'Fuzzy Logic' Controlling Devices gave better results compared to classical logic controlling devices in the period 1975-1985. I propose that the adoption of fuzzy principles in the Hughes-Ingold program 1933-1940 led to scientific advance at a time when the (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. F. Michael Akeroyd (1997). Conceptual Aspects of Theory Appraisal: Some Biochemical Examples. Hyle 3 (1):95 - 102.
    This paper considers papers on conceptual analysis by Laudan (1981) and Whitt (1989) and relates them to three biochemical episodes: (1) the modern 'biochemical explanation' of acupuncture; (2) the chemio-osmotic hypothesis of oxidative phosphorylation; (3) the theory of the complete digestion of proteins in the gut. The advantages of including philosophical debate in chemical/biochemical undergraduate courses is then discussed.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Davis Baird & Joachim Schummer (2005). Editorial: Nanotech Challenges, Part 2. Hyle 11 (1):3 - 4.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. Davis Baird & Joachim Schummer (2004). Editorial: Nanotech Challenges, Part 1. Hyle 10 (2):63 - 64.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Juan Bautista Bengoetxea, Oliver Todt & José Luis Luján (2014). Similarity and Representation in Chemical Knowledge Practices. Foundations of Chemistry 16 (3):215-233.
    This paper argues for the theoretical and practical validity of similarity as a useful epistemological tool in scientific knowledge generation, specifically in chemistry. Classical analyses of similarity in philosophy of science do not account for the concept’s practical significance in scientific activities. We recur to examples from chemistry to counter the claim of authors like Quine or Goodman to the effect that similarity must be excluded from scientific practices (as well as their philosophical analysis). In conclusion we argue that more (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. S. Bergia, F. Cannata, A. Cornia & R. Livi (1980). On the Actual Measurability of the Density Matrix of a Decaying System by Means of Measurements on the Decay Products. Foundations of Physics 10 (9-10):723-730.
    The density matrix ρ describing a decaying system can be expressed in terms of correlations among observables belonging to the subsystems. Due to this structure and to the difficulties in measuring higher rank tensors of decay products for a single decay event, it is found that the mean value of ρ cannot be determined, in general, from measurements on the decay products. We also discuss the consequences of this conclusion as far as tests of quantum mechanics are concerned.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. José Ramón Bertomeu Sánchez (2004). Book Review: Lavoisier in Italia. [REVIEW] Foundations of Chemistry 6 (2):191-195.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Nalini Bhushan (2004). Introduction. Foundations of Chemistry 6 (1):3-9.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. John E. Bloor & W. H. Eugen Schwarz (2006). Book Review. [REVIEW] Foundations of Chemistry 8 (3):293-303.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Geoffrey Blumenthal (2013). Kuhn and the Chemical Revolution: A Re-Assessment. [REVIEW] Foundations of Chemistry 15 (1):93-101.
    A recent paper by Hoyningen-Huene argues that the Chemical Revolution is an excellent example of the success of Kuhn’s theory. This paper gives a succinct account of some counter-arguments and briefly refers to some further existing counter-arguments. While Kuhn’s theory does have a small number of more or less successful elements, it has been widely recognised that in general Kuhn’s theory is a “preformed and relatively inflexible framework” (1962, p. 24) which does not fit particular historical examples well; this paper (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. Conal Boyce (2014). Using Logic to Define the Aufbau–Hund–Pauli Relation: A Guide to Teaching Orbitals as a Single, Natural, Unfragmented Rule-Set. [REVIEW] Foundations of Chemistry 16 (2):93-106.
    The general chemistry curriculum includes a prelude that consumes nearly all of the first semester and occupies the first third of the typical textbook. This necessary prelude to the main event is comparable in scope to precalculus though not broken out as a formal ‘prechemistry’ course. Atomic orbitals account for much of this prelude-to-chemistry. By tradition, orbital theory is conveyed to the student in three disjunct pieces, presented in the following illogical order: the Pauli principle, the Aufbau principle, and Hund’s (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. Otávio Bueno (2004). The Drexler-Smalley Debate on Nanotechnology: Incommensurability at Work? Hyle 10 (2):83 - 98.
    In a recent debate, Eric Drexler and Richard Smalley have discussed the chemical and physical possibility of constructing molecular assemblers - devices that guide chemical reactions by placing, with atomic precision, reactive molecules. Drexler insisted on the mechanical feasibility of such assemblers, whereas Smalley resisted the idea that such devices could be chemically constructed, because we do not have the required control. Underlying the debate, there are differences regarding the appropriate goals, methods, and theories of nanotechnology, and the appropriate way (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Mauro Causá, Andreas Savin & Bernard Silvi (2014). Atoms and Bonds in Molecules and Chemical Explanations. Foundations of Chemistry 16 (1):3-26.
    The concepts of atoms and bonds in molecules which appeared in chemistry during the nineteenth century are unavoidable to explain the structure and the reactivity of the matter at a chemical level of understanding. Although they can be criticized from a strict reductionist point of view, because neither atoms nor bonds are observable in the sense of quantum mechanics, the topological and statistical interpretative approaches of quantum chemistry (quantum theory of atoms in molecules, electron localization function and maximum probability domain) (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Alan Chalmers (2012). Guest Editorial. Foundations of Chemistry 14 (1):3-6.
    Guest editorial Content Type Journal Article Category Editorial Pages 1-4 DOI 10.1007/s10698-012-9147-z Authors Alan Chalmers, Unit for History and Philosophy of Science, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia Journal Foundations of Chemistry Online ISSN 1572-8463 Print ISSN 1386-4238.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. José Antonio Chamizo (2013). Technochemistry: One of the Chemists' Ways of Knowing. [REVIEW] Foundations of Chemistry 15 (2):157-170.
    In this article, from the characterization of technoscience of the English historian J. Pickstone and the recognition of the importance of models and modelling in research and teaching of chemistry, the term technochemistry is introduced as a way of chemical knowledge. With the above new possibilities, rethinking the chemistry curriculum is opened.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. Hasok Chang (2010). The Hidden History of Phlogiston: How Philosophical Failure Can Generate Historiographical Refinement. Hyle 16 (2):47 - 79.
    Historians often feel that standard philosophical doctrines about the nature and development of science are not adequate for representing the real history of science. However, when philosophers of science fail to make sense of certain historical events, it is also possible that there is something wrong with the standard historical descriptions of those events, precluding any sensible explanation. If so, philosophical failure can be useful as a guide for improving historiography, and this constitutes a significant mode of productive interaction between (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. M. Chayut, J. Edwards, C. J. Giunta, U. Klein, H. Kragh, P. Laszlo, S. Le Vent, V. N. Ostrovsky, N. Psarros & S. Psillos (2001). Authors Index Volume 3. Foundations of Chemistry 3 (273).
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Michael Chayut (2001). From the Periphery: The Genesis of Eugene P. Wigner's Application of Group Theory to Quantum Mechanics. [REVIEW] Foundations of Chemistry 3 (1):55-78.
    This paper traces the origins of Eugene Wigner's pioneering application of group theory to quantum physics to his early work in chemistry and crystallography. In the early 1920s, crystallography was the only discipline in which symmetry groups were routinely used. Wigner's early training in chemistry, and his work in crystallography with Herman Mark and Karl Weissenberg at the Kaiser Wilhelm institute for fiber research in Berlin exposed him to conceptual tools which were absent from the pedagogy available to physicists for (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. Michael Davis (2002). Do the Professional Ethics of Chemists and Engineers Differ? Hyle 8 (1):21 - 34.
    This paper provides a sketch of my general way of understanding professions and then applies that sketch to a specific question, how to distinguish between two very similar professions, chemistry and engineering. I argue that the professional ethics of chemists do differ from the professional ethics of engineers and that the differences are important. The argument requires definition of both 'ethics' and 'profession' - as well delving into the details of chemistry and engineering.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. Ute Deichmann (2009). Chemistry and the Engineering of Life Around 1900: Research and Reflections by Jacques Loeb. Biological Theory 4 (4):323-332.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. Robert J. Deltete (2012). Georg Helm's Chemical Energetics. Hyle 18 (1):23 - 44.
    This essay has three interrelated goals: first, to sketch the basic contours of Georg Helm's energetic theory; second, to describe his attempt in his Grundzüge der mathematischen Chemie. Energetik der chemischen Erscheinungen (1894) to apply that theory to the (then) burgeoning new field of physical chemistry. This is of some interest historically, since Helm's work is the most sophisticated attempt to develop the whole of physical chemistry mathematically from an energetic point of view. Nevertheless, it is seriously flawed technically. Moreover, (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. Pierre Duhem (2000). Atomic Notation and Atomistic Hypotheses (Translated by Paul Needham). Foundations of Chemistry 2 (2):127-180.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. E. Dulos, J. Boissonade, J. J. Perraud, B. Rudovics & P. Kepper (1996). Chemical Morphogenesis: Turing Patterns in an Experimental Chemical System. Acta Biotheoretica 44 (3-4).
    Patterns resulting from the sole interplay between reaction and diffusion are probably involved in certain stages of morphogenesis in biological systems, as initially proposed by Alan Turing. Self-organization phenomena of this type can only develop in nonlinear systems (i.e. involving positive and negative feedback loops) maintained far from equilibrium. We present Turing patterns experimentally observed in a chemical system. An oscillating chemical reaction, the CIMA reaction, is operated in an open spatial reactor designed in order to obtain a pure reaction-diffusion (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. Jeremy Dunning-Davies (2002). Book Review: Foundations of Hadronic Chemistry with Applications to New Clean Energies and Fuels. By R. M. Santilli. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston/Dordrecht/London, 2001, Liv + 397 Pp., $138/£95 (Hardcover). ISBN 1-4020-0087-1. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 32 (7):1175-1178.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. Joseph E. Earley Sr (2012). A Neglected Aspect of the Puzzle of Chemical Structure: How History Helps. Foundations of Chemistry 14 (3):235-243.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. Joseph E. Earley Sr (2009). How Chemistry Shifts Horizons: Element, Substance, and the Essential. Foundations of Chemistry 11 (2):65-77.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. Joseph Earley (2011). Alan Chalmers: The Scientist's Atom and the Philosopher's Stone: How Science Succeeded and Philosophy Failed to Gain Knowledge of Atoms. Foundations of Chemistry 13 (1):79-83.
  33. Joseph E. Earley (2012). A Neglected Aspect of the Puzzle of Chemical Structure: How History Helps. [REVIEW] Foundations of Chemistry 14 (3):235-243.
    Intra-molecular connectivity (that is, chemical structure) does not emerge from computations based on fundamental quantum-mechanical principles. In order to compute molecular electronic energies (of C 3 H 4 hydrocarbons, for instance) quantum chemists must insert intra-molecular connectivity “by hand.” Some take this as an indication that chemistry cannot be reduced to physics: others consider it as evidence that quantum chemistry needs new logical foundations. Such discussions are generally synchronic rather than diachronic —that is, they neglect ‘historical’ aspects. However, systems of (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. Joseph E. Earley (2006). Report: Alchemy, Chymistry, and Process. Hyle 12 (2):241 - 241.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. Joseph E. Earley (2002). Report: Sixth Summer Symposium on the Philosophy of Chemistry, Washington DC, USA, 4-8 August 2002. Hyle 8 (2):141 - 142.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. Joseph E. Earley (1998). Modes of Chemical Becoming. Hyle 4 (2):105 - 115.
    In the characterization of the ArCl2 'van der Waals complex', a recognizable pattern of well-defined peaks is observed in the microwave absorption spectrum. In the control of chaos in a chemical oscillatory reaction the power spectrum progressively becomes simpler, at length yielding a single peak. Since both of these cases generate coherences that are centers of agency, they should be considered to produce new chemical entities. Applicability of this ontological approach to coherences of wider societal interest is suggested.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. Mark E. Eberhart & Travis E. Jones (2013). The Two Faces of Chemistry: Can They Be Reconciled? [REVIEW] Foundations of Chemistry 15 (3):277-285.
    Shortly before his death, Richard Bader commented in this Journal on the dichotomy that exists within chemistry and between chemists. We believe that the dichotomy results from different goals and objectives inherent in the chemical disciplines. At one extreme are designers who synthesize new molecules with interesting properties. For these chemists, the rationale underpinning molecular synthesis is far less important than the end product—the molecules themselves. At the other extreme are the chemists who seek a fundamental understanding of molecular properties. (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  38. Sophia Efstathiou (2010). Book Review: Esther Leslie: "Synthetic Worlds: Nature, Art and the Chemical Industry". [REVIEW] Hyle 16 (2):126 - 129.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. James Elkins (2003). Four Ways of Measuring the Distance Between Alchemy and Contemporary Art. Hyle 9 (1):105 - 118.
    Alchemy has always had its ferocious defenders, and a small minority of artists remain interested in alchemical meanings and substances. In this essay I will suggest two reasons why alchemy is marginal to current visual art, and two more reasons why alchemical thinking remains absolutely central. Briefly: alchemy is irrelevant because (1) it is has been a minority interest from early modernism to the present, and therefore (2) it is outside the principal conversations about modernism and postmodernism; but alchemy is (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. Jack E. Fergusson (2011). The History of the Discovery of Nuclear Fission. Foundations of Chemistry 13 (2):145-166.
    Following with the discovery of the electron by J. J. Thomson at the end of the nineteenth century a steady elucidation of the structure of the atom occurred over the next 40 years culminating in the discovery of nuclear fission in 1938–1939. The significant steps after the electron discovery were: discovery of the nuclear atom by Rutherford (Philos Mag 6th Ser 21:669–688, 1911 ), the transformation of elements by Rutherford (Philos Mag 37:578–587, 1919 ), discovery of artificial radioactivity by Joliot-Curie (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. Amihud Gilead (2014). Chain Reactions, “Impossible” Reactions, and Panenmentalist Possibilities. Foundations of Chemistry 16 (3):201-214.
    Panenmentalist possibilities are individual pure possibilities existing independently of any mind, actual reality, and possible-world conception. These possibilities are a priori accessible to our intellect and imagination. In this paper, I attempt to shed some panenmentalist light on the discovery of chemical branched chain reactions and its implications on biology and cancer research. I also examine the case of the Belousov–Zhabotinsky reaction which, at first, was believed to be impossible. Finally, I proceed to examine through a panenmentalist lens Szilard’s discovery (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. Amihud Gilead (2014). Pure Possibilities and Some Striking Scientific Discoveries. Foundations of Chemistry 16 (2):149-163.
    Regardless or independent of any actuality or actualization and exempt from spatiotemporal and causal conditions, each individual possibility is pure. Actualism excludes the existence of individual pure possibilities, altogether or at least as existing independently of actual reality. In this paper, I demonstrate, on the grounds of my possibilist metaphysics—panenmentalism—how some of the most fascinating scientific discoveries in chemistry could not have been accomplished without relying on pure possibilities and the ways in which they relate to each other (for instance, (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. Amihud Gilead (2013). Shechtman's Three Question Marks: Possibility, Impossibility, and Quasicrystals. [REVIEW] Foundations of Chemistry 15 (2):209-224.
    The revolutionary discovery of actual quasicrystals, thanks to Dan Shechtman’s stamina, is a golden opportunity to analyze once again the role that pure (“theoretical”) possibilities and saving them plays in scientific progress. Some theoreticians, primarily Alan Mackay, contributed to saving pure possibilities of quasicrystalline structures and to opening materials science for them. My analysis rests upon an original modal metaphysics—panenmentalism—which I introduced and have been developing since 1999, quite independently of any familiarity with modern crystallography, and which deals with saving (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. Carmen J. Giunta (2007). Book Review. [REVIEW] Foundations of Chemistry 9 (1):97-100.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. Pedro J. Sánchez Gómez (2013). The Semantics of Chemical Education: Constructivism, Externalism and the Language of Chemistry. [REVIEW] Foundations of Chemistry 15 (1):103-116.
    In this paper we present a semantic analysis of the application of didactic constructivism to chemical education. We show that the psychological basis of constructivism yield, when applied to chemistry, an internalist semantics for the chemical names. Since these names have been presented as typical examples of an externalism for kind terms, a fundamental incompatibility ensues. We study this situation, to conclude that it affects chemical education at every level. Finally, we present a preliminary analysis of this problem from the (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. W. M. Goodwin (2008). Structural Formulas and Explanation in Organic Chemistry. Foundations of Chemistry 10 (2):117-127.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. Michelle Goupil, Patrice Bret, Francine Masson & Marco Ciardi (1994). Lavoisier Et la Révolution Chimique. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (2):355.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. Patrick Grüneberg (2010). Normativität in biochemischen Analyseprozessen. In Christoph Asmuth (ed.), Was ist Doping? Fakten und Probleme der aktuellen Diskussion. Transcript. 75--92.
    Biochemisch konstatierte Fakten, also Substanzanalysen sowie Blut-und Urinwerte, beziehen ihre Eindeutigkeit und Prägnanz aus einem dem deskriptiven Gehalt der Ergebnisse vorhergehenden normativen Entscheidungsprozess auf methodischer Ebene. Diesen konstruktiven Charakter gilt es hinsichtlich der Dopinganalytik zu verdeutlichen, weil daran eine entscheidende Ambivalenz in der Dopingthematik verdeutlicht werden kann: Die als gegeben und gültig interpretierten Analyseresultate biochemischer Dopinganalytik werden durch die Anti-Doping-Organisationen in einen juridischen Kontext überführt, in dem sie als Beweismittel fungieren sollen. Diese juridische Transformation muss zwangsläufig den konstruktiv und normativ (...)
    Remove from this list |
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. Mathias Gutmann & Gerd Hanekamp (1996). Abstraktion Und Ideation — Zur Semantik Chemischer Und Biologischer Grundbegriffe. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 27 (1):29 - 53.
    Abstraction and Ideation - The Semantics of chemical and biological fundamental concepts. The methods of abstraction and ideation are indispensable tools to introduce new concepts in a scientific terminology. The latter is paradigmatically introduced within the 'protophysical program' whereas abstraction is commonly applied in logics and mathematics. The application within the reconstruction of chemistry and biology causes several problems. Ideation appears to be inadequate whereas the application of abstraction necessitates a critical and minute examination of the corresponding equivalence relations. These (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  50. Rom Harré (2012). Introduction. Foundations of Chemistry 14 (3):191-191.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
1 — 50 / 952