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  1. Ferdinando Abbri (1996). Chemical Lectures of HT Scheffer. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 18 (1):135-148.
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  2. Peter Achinstein (1994). Jean Perrin and Molecular Reality. Perspectives on Science 2:396-427.
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  3. G. Adomian (1991). An Analytical Solution of the Stochastic Navier-Stokes System. Foundations of Physics 21 (7):831-843.
    This paper, using the author's decomposition method and recent generalizations, presents algorithms for an analytic solution of the stochastic Navier-Stokes system without linearization, perturbation, discretization, or restrictive assumptions on the nature of stochasticity. The pressure, forces, velocities, and initial/boundary conditions can be stochastic processes and are not limited to white noise. Solutions obtained are physically realistic because of the avoidance of assumptions made purely for mathematical tractability by usual methods. Certain extensions and further generalizations of the decomposition method have provided (...)
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  4. F. M. Akeroyd, D. Baird, T. Benfey, P. Duhem, R. B. King, J. Kovac, J. G. Mcevoy, J. Morrell, R. K. Nesbet & J. L. Ramsey (2000). Authors Index Volume 2. Foundations of Chemistry 2 (265).
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  5. F. Michael Akeroyd (2008). Mechanistic Explanation Versus Deductive-Nomological Explanation. Foundations of Chemistry 10 (1):39-48.
    This paper discusses the important paper by Paul Thagard on the pathway version of mechanistic explanation that is currently used in chemical explanation. The author claims that this method of explanation has a respectable pedigree and can be traced back to the Chemical Revolution in the arguments used by the Lavoisier School in their theoretical duels with Richard Kirwan, the proponent of a revised phlogistonian theory. Kirwan believed that complex chemical reactions could be explained by recourse to affinity tables that (...)
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  6. F. Michael Akeroyd (2000). Reply to Psarros: Popper and Chemistry. [REVIEW] Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 31 (1):127-131.
    In this article I reply to criticism of my published work by N. Psarros (Journal for the General Philosophy of Science 28: 297–305,1997). I show that I had already answered the first criticism in my published work and not overlooked his supposed refutation. However I offer a plausible argument which he could have used to strengthen his claim. Psarros cites my work on Hopkins in his opening paragraph, but then makes no further reference to it in the text. I indicated (...)
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  7. F. Michael Akeroyd (2000). Why Was a Fuzzy Model so Successful in Physical Organic Chemistry? Hyle 6 (2):161 - 173.
    This paper examines a facet of the rise of the Hughes-Ingold Theory of Nucleophilic Substitution in Organic Chemistry 1933-1942, arguing that the SN1/SN2 model of reaction mechanism used by Hughes and Ingold is an example of a fuzzy model. Many real world 'Fuzzy Logic' Controlling Devices gave better results compared to classical logic controlling devices in the period 1975-1985. I propose that the adoption of fuzzy principles in the Hughes-Ingold program 1933-1940 led to scientific advance at a time when the (...)
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  8. F. Michael Akeroyd (1997). Conceptual Aspects of Theory Appraisal: Some Biochemical Examples. Hyle 3 (1):95 - 102.
    This paper considers papers on conceptual analysis by Laudan (1981) and Whitt (1989) and relates them to three biochemical episodes: (1) the modern 'biochemical explanation' of acupuncture; (2) the chemio-osmotic hypothesis of oxidative phosphorylation; (3) the theory of the complete digestion of proteins in the gut. The advantages of including philosophical debate in chemical/biochemical undergraduate courses is then discussed.
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  9. Michael Akeroyd (2004). Predictions, Retrodictions and Chemistry: A 20th Century Example. Studia Philosophica 4:26.
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  10. Timothy L. Alborn (1989). Negotiating Notation: Chemical Symbols and British Society, 1831–1835. Annals of Science 46 (5):437-460.
    One of the central debates among British chemists during the 1830s concerned the use of symbols to represent elements and compounds. Chemists such as Edward Turner, who desired to use symbolic notation mainly for practical reasons, eventually succeeded in fending off metaphysical objections to their approach. These objections were voiced both by the philosopher William Whewell, who wished to subordinate the chemists' practical aims to the rigid standard of algebra, and by John Dalton, whose hidebound opposition to abbreviated notation symbolized (...)
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  11. Mr James Alexander, Conversations on the Search for a 'Physics & Chemistry – an Alchemy' of Innovation - Reward Systems.
    Bruno Latour in “How to evaluate innovation” develops a fairly simple well argumented procedure based upon the experimental sciences which may prove valuable to all. Latour suggests that the scientific method should be applied not only by scientists but even more so by major decision makers especially politician. Doing one's best and working for the better are some of the the questions discussed in this paper. Some of Latour's concepts are clarified by translation to simple graphical models. Models for failure (...)
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  12. Shawn Allin (2004). Review of Chemical Explanation: Characteristics, Development, Autonomy. [REVIEW] Hyle 10 (2):179-181.
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  13. Shawn Allin (2003). Review of Instruments and Experimentation in the History of Chemistry. [REVIEW] Hyle 9:120-123.
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  14. Shawn Allin (2001). Review of Ars Mutandi: Issues in Philosophy and History of Chemistry. [REVIEW] Hyle 7:61-63.
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  15. Shawn B. Allin (2004). Book Review: Joseph E. Earley (Ed.): "Chemical Explanation: Characteristics Development, Autonomy" (New York 2003). [REVIEW] Hyle 10 (2):179 - 181.
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  16. Shawn B. Allin (2003). Book Review: Holmes, Frederic L. And Trevor H. Levere (Eds.): "Instruments and Experimentation in the History of Chemistry", (Cambridge MA, 2000). [REVIEW] Hyle 9 (1):120 - 123.
  17. Shawn B. Allin (2001). Book Review: Psarros, N. And K. Gavroglu (Eds.): "Ars Mutandi: Issues in Philosophy and History of Chemistry" (Leipzig 1999). [REVIEW] Hyle 7 (1):61 - 63.
  18. Selen Altunata (2001). Essay: Chemistry and Humanity: Challenges Our Profession Faces as We Advance Towards the Third Millenium. Hyle 7 (1):51 - 60.
  19. Robert G. W. Anderson (2013). Chemistry Laboratories, and How They Might Be Studied. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44 (4):669-675.
    Chemistry laboratories, as buildings, have been surprisingly little studied by historians of science; interest has been focused on them more as sites of specific scientific activity, with particular emphasis on the personalities who worked within them. This has overshadowed aspects of laboratories such as their specification, design, construction, fitting-out, adaptation, replacement, status as civic and academic structures, and so on. Systematic study of them would be aided by an agreed taxonomy of laboratory types, according to their purpose, and a scheme (...)
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  20. C. B. Anfinsen (1985). The International Influence of the Carlsberg Laboratory on Protein Chemistry. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 29 (3 Pt 2):S87 - 9.
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  21. Peter Atkins (2004). Ponderable Matter: Explanation in Chemistry. In John Cornwell (ed.), Explanations: Styles of Explanation in Science. Oxford University Press 111.
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  22. Minh-Thu Dinh Audouin (2013). The New Challenges of Current Chemical Practices. In Jean-Pierre Llored (ed.), The Philosophy of Chemistry: Practices, Methodologies, and Concepts. Cambridge Scholars Publishing
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  23. T. B. (2000). Alchemy, Chemistry and the History of Science. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 31 (4):711-720.
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  24. Richard F. W. Bader & Chérif F. Matta (2013). Atoms in Molecules as Non-Overlapping, Bounded, Space-Filling Open Quantum Systems. Foundations of Chemistry 15 (3):253-276.
    The quantum theory of atoms in molecules (QTAIM) uses physics to define an atom and its contribution to observable properties in a given system. It does so using the electron density and its flow in a magnetic field, the current density. These are the two fields that Schrödinger said should be used to explain and understand the properties of matter. It is the purpose of this paper to show how QTAIM bridges the conceptual gulf that separates the observations of chemistry (...)
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  25. Davis Baird (1993). Analytical Chemistry and the 'Big' Scientific Instrumentation Revolution. Annals of Science 50 (3):267-290.
    By a close examination of changes in analytical chemistry between the years 1920 and 1950, I document the case that natural science has undergone and continues to undergo a major revolution. The central feature of this transformation is the rise in importance of scientific instrumentation. Prior to 1920, analytical chemists determined the chemical constitution of some unknown by treating it with a series of known compounds and observing the kind of reactions it underwent. After 1950, analytical chemists determined the chemical (...)
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  26. Davis Baird, Eric Scerri & Lee Mcintyre (2005). Introduction: The Invisibility of Chemistry. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 242:3-18.
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  27. Davis Baird & Joachim Schummer (2005). Editorial: Nanotech Challenges, Part 2. Hyle 11 (1):3 - 4.
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  28. Davis Baird & Joachim Schummer (2004). Editorial: Nanotech Challenges, Part 1. Hyle 10 (2):63 - 64.
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  29. Alexandru T. Balaban (2013). Chemical Graph Theory and the Sherlock Holmes Principle. Hyle 19 (1):107 - 134.
    The development of chemical applications of graph theory is reviewed from a personal perspective. Graph-theoretical methods for finding all graphs fulfilling certain mathematical conditions followed by eliminating chemically impossible solutions are equivalent to the ‘Sherlock Holmes principle’. For molecular graphs, this is illustrated by monocyclic aromatic systems and by valence isomers of annulenes. Using dualist graphs for benzenoids and diamond hydrocarbons it was possible to develop simple encoding systems that allowed convenient enumerations of isomers. Starting with the invention of reaction (...)
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  30. Philip Ball (2006). Chemistry and Power in Recent American Fiction. Hyle 12 (1):45 - 66.
    Writers of fiction have always held up a mirror to the world around them. The perspective they typically present is not one gathered from polls of public opinion, nor is it culled from the way issues are presented in the media. Yet in retrospect, the personal attitudes and views expressed in good literary fiction frequently prove to offer a revealing snapshot of trends in thought and topics of debate in the writer's milieu. With this in mind, I shall explore some (...)
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  31. Philip Ball (2004). Call for Papers: The Molecular Sculpture Project. Hyle 10 (2):185 - 188.
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  32. Stefania Bandini, Alessandro Mosca & Matteo Palmonari (2007). Model-Based Chemical Compound Formulation. In L. Magnani & P. Li (eds.), Model-Based Reasoning in Science, Technology, and Medicine. Springer 413--430.
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  33. Diana Kormos Barkan (1994). Simply a Matter of Chemistry? The Nobel Prize for 1920. Perspectives on Science 2 (4):357-395.
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  34. Daniel Barragán (2015). Essentials of Kinetics and Thermodynamics for Understanding Chemical Oscillations. Foundations of Chemistry 17 (2):93-106.
    This paper presents a numerical study of the reaction A ↔ B in the presence of an intermediate and destabilizing step in its dynamics. After introducing a direct autocatalytic destabilizing process, namely quadratic autocatalysis ) and cubic autocatalysis ), a thermodynamic analysis of the evolution of the reaction in closed and open systems was performed. In addition, the Gibbs free energy, the thermodynamic affinity, and the entropy generation of the overall reaction were evaluated for each of the autocatalytic steps, in (...)
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  35. Subhash C. Basak (2013). Philosophy of Mathematical Chemistry: A Personal Perspective. Hyle 19 (1):3 - 17.
    This article discusses the nature of mathematical chemistry, discrete mathematical chemistry in particular. Molecules and macromolecules can be represented by model objects using methods of discrete mathematics, e.g., graphs and matrices. Mathematical formalisms are further applied on the model objects to distill various quantitative characteristics. The end product of such an exercise can be a better understanding of chemistry, the development of quantitative scales for qualitative notions of chemistry, or an illumination of the structural basis of chemical and biological properties. (...)
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  36. Aparajito Basu (2006). Chemical Research in India (1876–1918). Annals of Science 52 (6):591-600.
    The first Indian institution for scientific research was founded in 1876. The period 1876–1918 was a time of gestation for Indian chemistry, in which pure research gradually replaced the need-based, result-oriented research formerly promoted by the British regime. This formative period in Indian chemistry came to an end after the First World War and was succeeded by a rapid expansion of chemical research. The educational and political background against which these changes took place, and the influence of European chemistry on (...)
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  37. Henry H. Bauer (2002). 'Pathological Science'; is Not Scientific Misconduct (nor is It Pathological). Hyle 8 (1):5 - 20.
    'Pathological' science implies scientific misconduct: it should not happen and the scientists concerned ought to know better. However, there are no clear and generally agreed definitions of pathological science or of scientific misconduct. The canonical exemplars of pathological science in chemistry (N-rays, polywater) as well as the recent case of cold fusion in electrochemistry involved research practices not clearly distinguishable from those in (revolutionary) science. The concept of 'pathological science' was put forth nearly half a century ago in a seminar (...)
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  38. Juan Bautista Bengoetxea, Oliver Todt & José Luis Luján (2014). Similarity and Representation in Chemical Knowledge Practices. Foundations of Chemistry 16 (3):215-233.
    This paper argues for the theoretical and practical validity of similarity as a useful epistemological tool in scientific knowledge generation, specifically in chemistry. Classical analyses of similarity in philosophy of science do not account for the concept’s practical significance in scientific activities. We recur to examples from chemistry to counter the claim of authors like Quine or Goodman to the effect that similarity must be excluded from scientific practices . In conclusion we argue that more recent conceptualizations of the notion (...)
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  39. Frederick Marsh Bennett (1922). Is Spirit a Chemical Reaction? Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 3 (2):106.
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  40. Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent (2010). Editorial: Opening the Field of Nanoethics. Hyle 16 (1):1 - 2.
  41. Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent (2009). Biomimetic Chemistry and Synthetic Biology: A Two-Way Traffic Across the Borders. Hyle 15 (1):31 - 46.
    Crossing the boundaries - between nature and artifact and between inanimate and living matter - is a major feature of the convergence between nanotechnology and biotechnology. This paper points to two symmetric ways of crossing the boundaries: chemists mimicking nature's structures and processes, and synthetic biologists mimicking synthetic chemists with biological materials. However to what extent are they symmetrical and do they converge toward a common view of life and machines? The question is addressed in a historical perspective. Both biomimetic (...)
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  42. Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent (2009). Editorial: Boundary Issues in Bionanotechnology. Hyle 15 (1):1 - 4.
  43. Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent (2005). Book Review: Marco Beretta (Ed.): "Lavoisier in Perspective", München 2005. [REVIEW] Hyle 11 (2):167 - 168.
  44. Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent (2004). Two Cultures of Nanotechnology? Hyle 10 (2):65 - 82.
    Although many active scientists deplore the publicity about Drexler's futuristic scenario, I will argue that the controversies it has generated are very useful, at least in one respect. They help clarify the metaphysical assumptions underlying nanotechnologies, which may prove very helpful for understanding their public and cultural impact. Both Drexler and his opponents take inspiration from living systems, which they both describe as machines. However there is a striking contrast in their respective views of molecular machineries. This paper based on (...)
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  45. Jutta Berger (1997). Chemische Mechanik Und Kinetik: Die Bedeutung der Mechanischen Wärmetheorie Für Die Theorie Chemischer Reaktionen. Annals of Science 54 (6):567-584.
    Summary The first systematic studies on the velocity of chemical reactions (now called reaction rates) were published in the 1850s and 1860s. Inquiring about the course of chemical change, their authors established empirical equations on the basis of their measurement results. But these laws, which represented reaction velocities as proportional to the actual concentration of the reagents, could not be given a physical foundation. The chemists themselves regarded their propositions as mere ad hoc hypotheses. In 1867 Leopold Pfaundler formulated a (...)
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  46. S. Bergia, F. Cannata, A. Cornia & R. Livi (1980). On the Actual Measurability of the Density Matrix of a Decaying System by Means of Measurements on the Decay Products. Foundations of Physics 10 (9-10):723-730.
    The density matrix ρ describing a decaying system can be expressed in terms of correlations among observables belonging to the subsystems. Due to this structure and to the difficulties in measuring higher rank tensors of decay products for a single decay event, it is found that the mean value of ρ cannot be determined, in general, from measurements on the decay products. We also discuss the consequences of this conclusion as far as tests of quantum mechanics are concerned.
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  47. Andrés Bernal, Guillermo Restrepo & José L. Villaveces (2010). Report: Symposium on the Philosophy of Chemistry, Universidad de Los Andes, Bogota, Colombia, 21-23 July 2009. Hyle 16 (1):43 - 45.
  48. José Ramón Bertomeu Sánchez (2004). Book Review: Lavoisier in Italia. [REVIEW] Foundations of Chemistry 6 (2):191-195.
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  49. Nalini Bhushan (2004). Introduction. Foundations of Chemistry 6 (1):3-9.
  50. Richard Bilsker (2001). Book Review: Rabinow, Paul: "French DNA: Trouble in Purgatory" (Chicago 1999). [REVIEW] Hyle 7 (1):73 - 75.
1 — 50 / 1921