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Philosophy of Cognitive Science

Edited by Gualtiero Piccinini (University of Missouri, St. Louis)
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  1. added 2015-08-30
    Andreas Elpidorou (forthcoming). Horror, Fear, and the Sartrean Account of Emotions. Southern Journal of Philosophy.
    Phenomenological approaches to affectivity have long recognized the vital role that emotions occupy in our lives. In this paper, I engage with Jean-Paul Sartre’s well-known and highly influential theory of the emotions as it is advanced in his Sketch for a Theory of the Emotions. I examine whether Sartre’s account offers two inconsistent explications of the nature of emotions. I argue that despite appearances there is a reading of Sartre’s theory that is free of inconsistencies. Ultimately, I highlight a novel (...)
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  2. added 2015-08-29
    M. M. Dorenbosch (2015). The Idea of Will. Journal of Consciousness Exploration and Research 6 (7):449-472.
    This article presents a new conceptual view on the conscious will. This new concept approaches our will from the perspective of the requirements of our neural-muscular system and not from our anthropocentric perspective. This approach not only repositions the will at the core of behavior control, it also integrates the studies of Libet and Wegner, which seem to support the opposite. The will does not return as an instrument we use to steer, but rather as part of the way we (...)
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  3. added 2015-08-29
    Ian Phillips (2015). Consciousness and Criterion: On Block's Case for Unconscious Seeing. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 91 (1):n/a-n/a.
    Block () highlights two experimental studies of neglect patients which, he contends, provide ‘dramatic evidence’ for unconscious seeing. In Block's hands this is the highly non-trivial thesis that seeing of the same fundamental kind as ordinary conscious seeing can occur outside of phenomenal consciousness. Block's case for it provides an excellent opportunity to consider a large body of research on clinical syndromes widely held to evidence unconscious perception. I begin by considering in detail the two studies of neglect to which (...)
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  4. added 2015-08-27
    Harsh Bhasin & Sushant Mehta (forthcoming). On the Applicability of Diploid Genetic Algorithms. AI and Society.
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  5. added 2015-08-27
    Giovanna Colombetti (forthcoming). Enactive Affectivity, Extended. Topoi:1-11.
    In this paper I advance an enactive view of affectivity that does not imply that affectivity must stop at the boundaries of the organism. I first review the enactive notion of “sense-making”, and argue that it entails that cognition is inherently affective. Then I review the proposal, advanced by Di Paolo, that the enactive approach allows living systems to “extend”. Drawing out the implications of this proposal, I argue that, if enactivism allows living systems to extend, then it must also (...)
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  6. added 2015-08-27
    Jan Kyrre Berg Olsen Friis (forthcoming). Gestalt Descriptions Embodiments and Medical Image Interpretation. AI and Society.
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  7. added 2015-08-27
    Yu Bai, Timothy Lane, Georg Northoff & et al (2015). Resting State Glutamate Predicts Elevated Pre-Stimulus Alpha During Self-Relatedness: A Combined EEG-MRS Study on 'Rest-Self' Overlap. Social Neuroscience:DOI:10.1080/17470919.2015.107258.
    Recent studies have demonstrated neural overlap between resting state activity and self-referential processing. This “rest-self” overlap occurs especially in anterior cortical midline structures like the perigenual anterior cingulate cortex (PACC). However, the exact neurotemporal and biochemical mechanisms remain to be identified. Therefore, we conducted a combined electroencephalography (EEG)-magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) study. EEG focused on pre-stimulus (e.g., prior to stimulus presentation or perception) power changes to assess the degree to which those changes can predict subjects’ perception (and judgment) of subsequent (...)
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  8. added 2015-08-27
    Geert Keil (2000). Naturalismus und Intentionalität. In Geert Keil & Herbert Schnädelbach (eds.), Naturalismus. Suhrkamp 187-204.
    Naturalism in theoretical philosophy comes in three kinds: metaphysical, scientific and semantical. Metaphysical naturalism holds that only natural things exist, scientific (or methodological) naturalism holds that the methods of natural science provide the only avenue to truth, semantic (or analytic) naturalism tries to provide sufficient nonintentional conditions for intentional phenomena. The paper argues that analytic naturalism does not render metaphysical or scientific naturalism obsolete, but can be understood as a further step in elaborating upon these programmes. The intentional idiom of (...)
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  9. added 2015-08-26
    Casey O'Callaghan (forthcoming). The Multisensory Character of Perception. Journal of Philosophy.
  10. added 2015-08-26
    Vivian Bohl (forthcoming). Continuing Debates on Direct Social Perception: Some Notes on Gallagher's Analysis of "the New Hybrids". Consciousness and Cognition 36.
    This commentary argues that Gallagher's account of direct social perception has remained underdeveloped in several respects. Gallagher has not provided convincing evidence to support his claim that mindreading is rare in social situations. He and other direct perception theorists have not offered a substantive critique of standard theories of mindreading because they have attacked a much stronger claim about the putative unobservability of mental states than most theories of mindreading imply. To provide a genuine alternative to standard theories of mindreading, (...)
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  11. added 2015-08-26
    Fleur Jongepier & Derek Strijbos (2015). Introduction: Self-Knowledge in Perspective. Philosophical Explorations 18 (2):123-133.
  12. added 2015-08-26
    Ruth Hibbert (2015). Are There Any Situated Cognition Concepts of Memory Functioning as Investigative Kinds in the Sciences of Memory? Dissertation, University of Kent
    This thesis will address the question of whether there are any situated cognition concepts of memory functioning as investigative kinds in the sciences of memory. Situated cognition is an umbrella term, subsuming extended, embedded, embodied, enacted and distributed cognition. I will be looking closely at case studies of investigations into memory where such concepts seem prima facie most likely to be found in order to establish a) whether the researchers in question are in fact employing such concepts, and b) whether (...)
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  13. added 2015-08-26
    David Hommen (2013). Mentale Verursachung, innere Erfahrung und handelnde Personen. Eine Verteidigung des Epiphänomenalismus. Mentis.
    Die Annahme, dass mentale Zustände wie Überzeugungen, Wünsche und Gefühle physische Ereignisse bewirken (wie körperliches Verhalten und willentliche Handlungen) ist ebenso verbreitet wie problematisch, weil sie im Widerspruch zu der Überzeugung steht, dass mentale Zustände Phänomene nicht-physischer Natur sind und physische Phänomene ausschließlich physische Ursachen haben. Der Epiphänomenalismus, der diesen als Leib-Seele-Problem bekannten Widerspruch auflöst, indem er die kausale Wirksamkeit des Mentalen bestreitet, stößt unter Laien und Philosophen jedoch auf erheblichen Widerstand. Die vorliegende Studie wendet sich den Intuitionen zu, die (...)
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  14. added 2015-08-26
    David Hommen (2013). Mentale Verursachung, innere Erfahrung und handelnde Personen. Eine Verteidigung des Epiphänomenalismus. Mentis.
    Die Annahme, dass mentale Zustände wie Überzeugungen, Wünsche und Gefühle physische Ereignisse bewirken (wie körperliches Verhalten und willentliche Handlungen) ist ebenso verbreitet wie problematisch, weil sie im Widerspruch zu der Überzeugung steht, dass mentale Zustände Phänomene nicht-physischer Natur sind und physische Phänomene ausschließlich physische Ursachen haben. Der Epiphänomenalismus, der diesen als Leib-Seele-Problem bekannten Widerspruch auflöst, indem er die kausale Wirksamkeit des Mentalen bestreitet, stößt unter Laien und Philosophen jedoch auf erheblichen Widerstand. Die vorliegende Studie wendet sich den Intuitionen zu, die (...)
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  15. added 2015-08-26
    Vivian Bohl & Wouter van den Bos (2012). Toward an Integrative Account of Social Cognition: Marrying Theory of Mind and Interactionism to Study the Interplay of Type 1 and Type 2 Processes. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience:1-15.
    Traditional theory of mind (ToM) accounts for social cognition have been at the basis of most studies in the social cognitive neurosciences. However, in recent years, the need to go beyond traditional ToM accounts for understanding real life social interactions has become all the more pressing. At the same time it remains unclear whether alternative accounts, such as interactionism, can yield a sufficient description and explanation of social interactions. We argue that instead of considering ToM and interactionism as mutually exclusive (...)
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  16. added 2015-08-25
    Babette Babich (forthcoming). Heidegger on Technology and Gelassenheit: Wabi-Sabi and the Art of Verfallenheit. AI and Society.
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  17. added 2015-08-25
    Yuichi Amitani (2015). The Natural Frequency Hypothesis and Evolutionary Arguments. Mind and Society 15.
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  18. added 2015-08-24
    Gabriel Vacariu, Unbelievable Similarities Between Vacariu's Ideas (2002, 2005, 2008) and Alexey Alyushin (Moscow, Russia) (2010).
    another one: unbelievalbe similarities between my ideas (2002, 2005, 2008) and a philosopher from Russia...
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  19. added 2015-08-24
    Kourken Michaelian (forthcoming). Mental Time Travel: Episodic Memory and Our Knowledge of the Personal Past. MIT Press.
  20. added 2015-08-24
    Kourken Michaelian (forthcoming). Opening the Doors of Memory: Is Declarative Memory a Natural Kind? Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews.
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  21. added 2015-08-24
    Jérôme Englebert (forthcoming). A New Understanding of Psychopathy: The Contribution of Phenomenological Psychopathology. Psychopathology.
    The objective of this study is to present a theoretical paper about a clinical issue. Our aim is to propose some clinical and semiological considerations for a psychopathological conception of psychopathy. We will discuss several major theoretical works dedicated to this nosographic entity. We will also examine a significant issue raised by Cooke et al., namely whether psychopathic functioning is consistently related to antisocial behavior. This theoretical essay is informed by clinical situations. The method applied a phenomenological psychopathology analysis to (...)
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  22. added 2015-08-24
    Kourken Michaelian & Santiago Arango-Muñoz (2014). Epistemic Feelings and Epistemic Emotions (Focus Section). Philosophical Inquiries.
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  23. added 2015-08-22
    Sara Protasi (forthcoming). Varieties of Envy. Philosophical Psychology.
    In this paper I present a novel taxonomy of envy, according to which there are four kinds of envy: emulative, inert, aggressive and spiteful envy. An inquiry into the varieties of envy is valuable not only to understand it as a psychological phenomenon, but also to shed light on the nature of its alleged viciousness. The first section introduces the intuition that there is more than one kind of envy, together with the anecdotal and linguistic evidence that supports it. The (...)
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  24. added 2015-08-22
    Tyler Millhouse, Lance S. Bush & David Moss, The Containment Problem and the Evolutionary Debunking of Morality. Evolution of Morality.
    Machery and Mallon [The moral psychology handbook (pp. 3–47). New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2010] argue that existing evidence does not support the claim that moral cognition, understood as a specific form of normative cognition, is a product of evolution. Instead, they suggest that the evidence only supports the claim that a general capacity for normative cognition evolved. They argue that if this is the case, then the prospects for evolutionary debunking arguments (EDAs) of morality are bleak. A debunking (...)
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  25. added 2015-08-20
    Neil Van Leeuwen (forthcoming). Beyond Fakers and Fanatics: A Reply to Maarten Boudry and Jerry Coyne. Philosophical Psychology.
    Maarten Boudry and Jerry Coyne have written a piece, forthcoming in Philosophical Psychology, called “Disbelief in Belief,” in which they criticize my recent paper “Religious credence is not factual belief” (2014, Cognition 133). Here I respond to their criticisms, the thrust of which is that we shouldn’t distinguish religious credence from factual belief, contrary to what I say. I respond that their picture of religious psychology undermines our ability to distinguish common religious people from fanatics. My response will appear in (...)
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  26. added 2015-08-20
    John Corcoran (2007). CONDITIONS AND CONSEQUENCES. In Lachs And Talisse (ed.), AMERICAN PHILOSOPHY: AN ENCYCLOPEDIA. 124-7.
    This elementary 4-page paper is a preliminary survey of some of the most important uses of ‘condition’ and ‘consequence’ in American Philosophy. A more comprehensive treatment is being written. Your suggestions, questions, and objections are welcome. A statement of a conditional need not be a conditional statement and conditional statement need not be a statement of a conditional.
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  27. added 2015-08-19
    Ralph Hertwig & Arthur Paul Pedersen (forthcoming). Finding Foundations for Bounded and Adaptive Rationality. Minds and Machines:1-8.
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  28. added 2015-08-19
    Jeffrey Robinson & Nils-Frederic Wagner (2015). Is the Sense of Agency in Schizophrenia Influenced by Resting-State Variation in Self-Referential Regions of the Brain? Schizophrenia Bulletin.
    Schizophrenia is a disturbance of the self, of which the attribution of agency is a major component. In this article, we review current theories of the Sense of Agency, their relevance to schizophrenia, and propose a novel framework for future research. We explore some of the models of agency, in which both bottom-up and top-down processes are implicated in the genesis of agency. We further this line of inquiry by suggesting that ongoing neurological activity (the brain’s resting state) in self-referential (...)
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  29. added 2015-08-19
    Liesbet de Kock (2014). Hermann von Helmholtz's Empirico-Transcendentalism Reconsidered: Construction and Constitution in Helmholtz's Psychology of the Object. Science in Context 27 (4):709-44.
    This paper aims at contributing to the ongoing efforts to get a firmer grasp of the systematic significance of the entanglement of idealism and empiricism in Helmholtz's work. Contrary to existing analyses, however, the focal point of the present exposition is Helmholtz's attempt to articulate a psychological account of objectification. Helmholtz's motive, as well as his solution to the problem of the object are outlined, and interpreted against the background of his scientific practice on the one hand, and that of (...)
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  30. added 2015-08-16
    Ayoob Shahmoradi (forthcoming). A Defense of Representational Content. Philosophical Psychology.
  31. added 2015-08-16
    Jakob Hohwy, Bryan Paton & Colin Palmer (forthcoming). Distrusting the Present. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-21.
    We use the hierarchical nature of Bayesian perceptual inference to explain a fundamental aspect of the temporality of experience, namely the phenomenology of temporal flow. The explanation says that the sense of temporal flow in conscious perception stems from probabilistic inference that the present cannot be trusted. The account begins by describing hierarchical inference under the notion of prediction error minimization, and exemplifies distrust of the present within bistable visual perception and action initiation. Distrust of the present is then discussed (...)
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  32. added 2015-08-16
    Eric Hochstein (forthcoming). When Does "Folk Psychology" Count as Folk Psychological? British Journal for the Philosophy of Science.
    It has commonly been argued that certain types of mental descriptions, specifically those characterized in terms of propositional attitudes, are part of a folk psychological understanding of the mind. Recently, however, it has also been argued that this is the case even when such descriptions are employed as part of scientific theories in domains like social psychology and comparative psychology. In this paper, I argue that there is no plausible way to understand the distinction between folk and scientific psychology that (...)
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  33. added 2015-08-16
    Eric Hochstein (2012). Minds, Models and Mechanisms: A New Perspective on Intentional Psychology. Journal of Experimental & Theoretical Artificial Intelligence 24 (4):547-557.
    In this article, I argue that intentional psychology (i.e. the interpretation of human behaviour in terms of intentional states and propositional attitudes) plays an essential role in the sciences of the mind. However, this role is not one of identifying scientifically respectable states of the world. Rather, I argue that intentional psychology acts as a type of phenomenological model, as opposed to a mechanistic one. I demonstrate that, like other phenomenological models in science, intentional psychology is a methodological tool with (...)
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  34. added 2015-08-16
    Eric Hochstein (2009). Endorsing Non-Occurrent Beliefs: Why Standard Belief Functioning is Problematic for the Extended Mind. In Benoit Hardy-Vallée & Nicolas Payetter (eds.), Beyond the Brain: Embodied, Situated and Distributed Cognition. Cambridge Scholars Publishing 205-214.
  35. added 2015-08-15
    Christian List & Marcus Pivato, Dynamic and Stochastic Systems as a Framework for Metaphysics and the Philosophy of Science.
    Scientists often think of the world (or some part of it) as a dynamical system, a stochastic process, or a generalization of such a system. Prominent examples of systems are (i) the system of planets orbiting the sun or any other classical mechanical system, (ii) a hydrogen atom or any other quantum-mechanical system, and (iii) the earth’s atmosphere or any other statistical mechanical system. We introduce a simple and general framework for describing such systems and show how it can be (...)
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  36. added 2015-08-15
    Rebecca Bendick & Albert Borgmann (forthcoming). Explanation in Philosophy and the Limits of Precision. AI and Society.
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  37. added 2015-08-14
    Richard Moore (2015). Meaning and Ostension in Great Ape Gestural Communication. Animal Cognition:xx-yy.
    It is sometimes argued that while human gestures are produced ostensively and intentionally, great ape gestures are produced only intentionally. If true, this would make the psychological mechanisms underlying the different species’ communication fundamentally different, and ascriptions of meaning to chimpanzee gestures would be inappropriate. While the existence of different underlying mechanisms cannot be ruled out, in fact claims about difference are driven less by empirical data than by contested assumptions about the nature of ostensive communication. On some accounts, there (...)
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  38. added 2015-08-13
    Norbert Jesse (forthcoming). Communities: With Open-Source Software Towards a Vivacious Civil Society. AI and Society.
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  39. added 2015-08-13
    Simon Høffding & Kristian Martiny (forthcoming). Framing a Phenomenological Interview: What, Why and How. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-26.
    Research in phenomenology has benefitted from using exceptional cases from pathology and expertise. But exactly _how_ are we to generate and apply knowledge from such cases to the phenomenological domain? As researchers of cerebral palsy and musical absorption, we together answer the _how_ question by pointing to the resource of the qualitative interview. Using the qualitative interview is a direct response to Varela’s call for better pragmatics in the methodology of phenomenology and cognitive science and Gallagher’s suggestion for phenomenology to (...)
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  40. added 2015-08-13
    Błażej Skrzypulec (forthcoming). Ontology of Early Visual Content. Philosophical Psychology:1-16.
    The main goal of the paper is to sketch an ontological model of visual content at the low- and medium-level of visual processing, relying on psychological conceptions of vision. It is argued that influential cognitive models contain assumptions concerning “objects of content,” that is, objects whose presence is a necessary condition of the adequacy of visual representations. Subsequently, the structure of considered objects of content is presented, and its development through the perceptual process is described. In addition, during the course (...)
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  41. added 2015-08-13
    Luigi Burigana & Michele Vicovaro (forthcoming). Modules in Spatial Vision: Intrinsic Reasons of Their Functional Attributes. Philosophical Psychology:1-11.
    Visual modules can be viewed as expressions of a marked analytic attitude in the study of vision. In vision psychology, this attitude is accompanied by hypotheses that characterize how visual modules are thought to operate in perceptual processes. Our thesis here is that there are what we call “intrinsic reasons” for the presence of such hypotheses in a vision theory, that is, reasons of a deductive kind, which are imposed by the partiality of the basic terms in the definition of (...)
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  42. added 2015-08-13
    Richard Dub (2015). Delusions, Acceptances, and Cognitive Feelings. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 91 (1):n/a-n/a.
    Psychopathological delusions have a number of features that are curiously difficult to explain. Delusions are resistant to counterevidence and impervious to counterargument. Delusions are theoretically, affectively, and behaviorally circumscribed: delusional individuals often do not act on their delusions and often do not update beliefs on the basis of their delusions. Delusional individuals are occasionally able to distinguish their delusions from other beliefs, sometimes speaking of their “delusional reality.” To explain these features, I offer a model according to which, contrary to (...)
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  43. added 2015-08-11
    Stan Klein (forthcoming). The Unplanned Obsolescence of Psychological Science and an Argument for its Revival. Pyshcology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice.
    I examine some of the key scientific pre-commitments of modern psychology, and argue that their adoption has the unintended consequence of rendering a purely psychological analysis of mind indistinguishable from a purely biological treatment. And, since these pre-commitments sanction an “authority of the biological”, explanation of phenomena traditionally considered the purview of psychological analysis is fully subsumed under the biological. I next evaluate the epistemic warrant of these pre-commitments and suggest there are good reasons to question their applicability to psychological (...)
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  44. added 2015-08-11
    Tony Cheng (2015). Review of The First Sense. [REVIEW] Frontiers in Psychology 6:1196.
    The First Sense: A Philosophical Study of Human Touch is one of the rare contributions in theoretical and philosophical psychology exclusively on human's sense of touch in the past decades. Although the study is conducted from a philosophical point of view, it is highly empirically informed. The author seeks to base his distinctions and arguments on empirical findings, but also offers his own original ideas and theses. In Section The Structure and Contents of the Book I discuss the structure and (...)
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  45. added 2015-08-07
    Adrian W. Gilmore, Steven M. Nelson & Kathleen B. McDermott (forthcoming). A Parietal Memory Network Revealed by Multiple MRI Methods. Trends in Cognitive Sciences.
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  46. added 2015-08-07
    Corey N. White, Roger Ratcliff & Michael W. Vasey (forthcoming). Anxiety-Related Threat Bias in Recognition Memory: The Moderating Effect of List Composition and Semantic-Similarity Effects. Cognition and Emotion:1-15.
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  47. added 2015-08-07
    Patrick McNamara, Magda Giordano & P. Monroe Butler (forthcoming). On Historical Consciousness: A Pilot Investigation. Philosophical Psychology:1-17.
    Philosophers of history posit a class of concepts known as colligatory concepts that contribute to historical consciousness and that refer specifically to historical events. Although analysis has identified colligatory concepts in historical discourse, these concepts have not yet been investigated empirically. We present a new methodology for studying these concepts and historical consciousness more broadly, as well as pilot data supporting the methodology. Our aim in the pilot study was to establish whether colligatory concepts are processed differently from control concepts (...)
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  48. added 2015-08-07
    Naho Saito, Keisuke Takahata, Toshiya Murai & Hidehiko Takahashi (2015). Discrepancy Between Explicit Judgement of Agency and Implicit Feeling of Agency: Implications for Sense of Agency and its Disorders. Consciousness and Cognition 37:1-7.
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  49. added 2015-08-06
    Uriah Kriegel (forthcoming). Beyond the Neural Correlates of Consciousness. In U. Kriegel (ed.), Oxford Handbook of the Philosophy of Consciousness. OUP
    The centerpiece of the scientific study of consciousness is the search for the neural correlates of consciousness. Yet science is typically interested not only in correlation relations, but also – and more deeply – in causal and constitutive relations. When faced with a correlation between two phenomena in nature, we typically feel compelled to produce an explanation of why the two correlate. The purpose of this chapter is twofold. The first half attempts to lay out the various possible explanations of (...)
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  50. added 2015-08-05
    Julia W. Van de Vondervoort & J. Kiley Hamlin (forthcoming). Young Children Remedy Second- and Third-Party Ownership Violations. Trends in Cognitive Sciences.
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