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Philosophy of Cognitive Science

Edited by Gualtiero Piccinini (University of Missouri, St. Louis)
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  1. added 2016-08-29
    Melissa A. Hughesa, Mairead C. Dolan, Jennifer S. Trueblood & Julie C. Stout (2015). Psychopathic Personality Traits and Iowa Gambling Task Performance in Incarcerated Offenders. Psychiatry, Psychology and Law 22 (1):134-144.
    There is a paucity of research on how psychopathy relates to decision-making. In this study, we assessed the relationship between affective decision-making and psychopathic personality. A sample of prisoners (n D 49) was characterized in terms of psychopathic traits using the Psychopathic Checklist: Screening Version (PCL:SV). Decision-making was assessed using the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT). Higher levels of psychopathy related to more advantageous choices (p D .003). Also counter-intuitively, higher levels of antisocial traits (facet 4) predicted advantageous choices during the (...)
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  2. added 2016-08-29
    Daniel Brian Krupp, Lindsay A. Sewall, Martin L. Lalumière, Craig Sheriff & Grant T. Harris (2013). Psychopathy, Adaptation, and Disorder. Frontiers in Psychology 4:1-5.
    In a recent study, we found a negative association between psychopathy and violence against genetic relatives. We interpreted this result as a form of nepotism and argued that it failed to support the hypothesis that psychopathy is a mental disorder, suggesting instead that it supports the hypothesis that psychopathy is an evolved life history strategy. This interpretation and subsequent arguments have been challenged in a number of ways. Here, we identify several misunderstandings regarding the harmful dysfunction definition of mental disorder (...)
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  3. added 2016-08-29
    D. B. Krupp, L. A. Sewall, M. L. Lalumière, C. Sheriff & G. T. Harris (2012). Nepotistic Patterns of Violent Psychopathy: Evidence for Adaptation? Frontiers in Psychology 3:1-8.
    Psychopaths routinely disregard social norms by engaging in selfish, antisocial, often violent behavior. Commonly characterized as mentally disordered, recent evidence suggests that psychopaths are executing a well-functioning, if unscrupulous strategy that historically increased reproductive success at the expense of others. Natural selection ought to have favored strategies that spared close kin from harm, however, because actions affecting the fitness of genetic relatives contribute to an individual’s inclusive fitness. Conversely, there is evidence that mental disorders can disrupt psychological mechanisms designed to (...)
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  4. added 2016-08-29
    Hugo Lagercrantz & Jean-Pierre Changeux (2009). The Emergence of Human Consciousness: From Fetal to Neonatal Life. Pediatric Research 65 (3):255-60.
    A simple definition of consciousness is sensory awareness of the body, the self, and the world. The fetus may be aware of the body, for example by perceiving pain. It reacts to touch, smell, and sound, and shows facial expressions responding to exter- nal stimuli. However, these reactions are probably preprogrammed and have a subcortical nonconscious origin. Furthermore, the fetus is almost continuously asleep and unconscious partially due to endog- enous sedation. Conversely, the newborn infant can be awake, exhibit sensory (...)
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  5. added 2016-08-28
    V. L. Ly, A. K. L. Von Borries, I. A. Brazil, B. H. Bulten, R. Cools & K. Roelofs (2016). Reduced Transfer of Affective Value to Instrumental Behavior in Violent Offenders. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 125:657-663.
    nstrumental or goal-directed aggression is a core feature in violent offenders with psychopathic tendencies. To understand this type of behavior, previous work in the field of aggression has focused on affective processing, with mixed results. We propose that instrumental aggression is best understood in terms of the consequences of affective processing for instrumental behavior rather than affective processing per se. Therefore, we assessed the degree of affective biasing of instrumental action in a group of violent offenders with psychopathic tendencies and (...)
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  6. added 2016-08-28
    Anthony Vincent Fernandez (2016). Phenomenology and the Crisis of Contemporary Psychiatry: Contingency, Naturalism, and Classification. Dissertation, University of South Florida
    This dissertation is a contribution to the contemporary field of phenomenological psychopathology, or the phenomenological study of psychiatric disorders. The work proceeds with two major aims. The first is to show how a phenomenological approach can clarify and illuminate the nature of psychopathology—specifically those conditions typically labeled as major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder. The second is to show how engaging with psychopathological conditions can challenge and undermine many phenomenological presuppositions, especially phenomenology’s status as a transcendental philosophy and its corresponding (...)
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  7. added 2016-08-28
    Robin S. Brown (2015). An Opening: Trauma and Transcendence. Psychosis: Psychological, Social and Integrative Approaches 7 (1):72-80.
    With reference to the intergenerational theorizing of trauma, this article considersthe role of transcendence in the substance of our theoretical ideas about psycho-sis. Arguing against an emphasis on notions of developmental de fi cit, the author considers the recent work of Davoine and Gaudilliere as a means of questioningsome of the paradigmatic assumptions of clinical psychology. It is suggested that the relationship between psychosis and spirituality has often been conceived insuch a way as to depreciate both, and that a shift (...)
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  8. added 2016-08-27
    Karamjit S. Gill (forthcoming). Architect or Bee? Mike Cooley: The Human Spirit. AI and Society.
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  9. added 2016-08-27
    Kevin Lynch (forthcoming). The Myth of the Intuitive: Experimental Philosophy and Philosophical Method. Philosophical Psychology:1-3.
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  10. added 2016-08-27
    Sean Welsh (forthcoming). Luís Moniz Pereira & Ari Saptawijaya, Programming Machine Ethics. Minds and Machines:1-5.
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  11. added 2016-08-27
    Luis Pereira & Ari Saptiwijaya (2016). Programming Machine Ethics. Springer.
    Source: "This book addresses the fundamentals of machine ethics. It discusses abilities required for ethical machine reasoning and the programming features that enable them. It connects ethics, psychological ethical processes, and machine implemented procedures. From a technical point of view, the book uses logic programming and evolutionary game theory to model and link the individual and collective moral realms. It also reports on the results of experiments performed using several model implementations. Opening specific and promising inroads into the terra incognita (...)
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  12. added 2016-08-27
    Mudyń Krzysztof (ed.) (2016). Problem granic poznania z hipersystemowego punktu widzenia. Liberi Libri.
    The problem of limits of cognition as seen from the hyper system point of view „The hyper system point of view”, as it is defined here, is a consequence of an ontological assumption, which states that reality does not exactly consist of more comprehensive creation called systems (as well as a non- system reminder) but it is the only absolutely closed hyper system consisting of relatively open systems. This assumption entails also renouncement of attempts to enclose particular systems within the (...)
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  13. added 2016-08-26
    Terence Rajivan Edward, The Definition of Systematizing in S. Baron-Cohen's Gender and Autism Research.
    The professor of psychopathology Simon Baron-Cohen is well-known for his thesis that males are on average stronger at systematizing than empathizing and females are on average stronger at empathizing than systematizing. In this paper, I note an ambiguity in how he defines systematizing.
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  14. added 2016-08-26
    Vincent Bergeron (2016). Functional Independence and Cognitive Architecture. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 67 (3):817-836.
    In cognitive science, the concept of dissociation has been central to the functional individuation and decomposition of cognitive systems. Setting aside debates about the legitimacy of inferring the existence of dissociable systems from ‘behavioural’ dissociation data, the main idea behind the dissociation approach is that two cognitive systems are dissociable, and thus viewed as distinct, if each can be damaged, or impaired, without affecting the other system’s functions. In this article, I propose a notion of functional independence that does not (...)
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  15. added 2016-08-26
    Vincent Bergeron & Mohan Matthen (2008). Assembling the Emotions. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 36 (sup1):185-212.
  16. added 2016-08-25
    Erick Ramirez (forthcoming). Neurosurgery for Psychopaths? The Problems of Empathy and Neurodiversity. American Journal of Bioethics: Ajob.
    I argue that deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a bad approach for incarcerated psychopaths for two reasons. First, given what we know about psychopathy, empathy, and DBS, it is unlikely to function as an effective treatment for the moral problems that characterize psychopathy. Second, considerations of neurodiversity speak against seeing psychopathy as a mental illness in the first place.
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  17. added 2016-08-25
    Mariarosaria Taddeo (forthcoming). Philosophy and Computing in Information Societies. Minds and Machines:1-2.
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  18. added 2016-08-25
    Sven Nyholm & Stephen M. Campbell (forthcoming). When Is Deep Brain Stimulation a Medical Benefit, and What Is Required for Consent? AJOB Neuroscience.
    Hübner and White argue that we should not administer DBS to psychopathic prisoners. While we are sympathetic to their conclusion, we argue that the authors’ two central arguments for this conclusion are problematic. Their first argument appeals to an overly restrictive conception of individual medical benefit: namely, that an individual medical benefit must alleviate subjective suffering. We highlight cases that clearly constitute individual medical benefits although there is no relief of subjective suffering. The second argument depends on an overly restrictive (...)
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  19. added 2016-08-25
    Evan Westra (forthcoming). Pragmatic Development and the False Belief Task. Review of Philosophy and Psychology:1-23.
    Nativists about theory of mind have typically explained why children below the age of four fail the false belief task by appealing to the demands that these tasks place on children’s developing executive abilities. However, this appeal to executive functioning cannot explain a wide range of evidence showing that social and linguistic factors also affect when children pass this task. In this paper, I present a revised nativist proposal about theory of mind development that is able to accommodate these findings, (...)
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  20. added 2016-08-25
    Susana Monsó (2016). The Moral Dimension of Pre-Reflective Self-Awareness. Animal Sentience 1 (10).
    Rowlands offers a de-intellectualised account of personhood that is meant to secure the unity of a mental life. I argue that his characterisation also singles out a morally relevant feature of individuals. Along the same lines that the orthodox understanding of personhood reflects a fundamental precondition for moral agency, Rowlands’s notion provides a fundamental precondition for moral patienthood.
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  21. added 2016-08-24
    Robert Briscoe (forthcoming). Multisensory Processing and Perceptual Consciousness: Part II. Philosophy Compass.
    The first part of this survey article presented a cartography of some of the more extensively studied forms of multisensory processing. In this second part, I turn to examining some of the different possible ways in which the structure of conscious perceptual experience might also be characterized as multisensory. In addition, I discuss the significance of research on multisensory processing and multisensory consciousness for philosophical debates concerning the modularity of perception, cognitive penetration, and the individuation of the senses.
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  22. added 2016-08-24
    A. Kalis, S. Kaiser & A. Mojzisch (2013). Why We Should Talk About Option Generation in Decision-Making Research. Frontiers in Psychology 4 (555):1-8.
  23. added 2016-08-23
    Sean Welsh (forthcoming). Jerry A. Fodor and Xenon W. Pylyshyn: Minds Without Meanings: An Essay in the Content of Concepts. Minds and Machines:1-5.
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  24. added 2016-08-22
    Marco Solinas (2015). La redécouverte de la « via regia ». Freud lecteur de Platon. Revue Philosophique De Louvain 113 (4):535-567.
    A partir du renvoi à la « maxime de Platon » insérée dans l’avant dernière page de la première édition de L’interprétation du rêve, l’auteur expose d’abord les convergences entre la conception du rêve de Platon présentée dans La République et les intuitions qui fondent l’édifice métapsychologique freudien. A la lumière des sources textuelles citées par Freud et de ses intérêts, l’auteur avance ensuite l’hypothèse selon laquelle Freud aurait non seulement omis de reconnaître la généalogie théorétique platonicienne de la « (...)
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  25. added 2016-08-21
    Eugene Mills (forthcoming). Introspection in Michael Pelczar’s Sensorama. [REVIEW] Analysis.
  26. added 2016-08-21
    Michael Pelczar (forthcoming). Author's Summary, and Replies to Commentators. [REVIEW] Analysis.
  27. added 2016-08-20
    Matteo Colombo (forthcoming). Gualtiero Piccinini: Physical Computation: A Mechanistic Account. Minds and Machines:1-6.
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  28. added 2016-08-19
    Dimitria Electra Gatzia & Berit Brogaard (forthcoming). What Can Neuroscience Tell Us About the Hard Problem of Consciousness? (Doi: 10.3389/Fnins.2016.00395). Frontiers in Neuroscience.
    Rapid advances in the field of neuroimaging techniques including magnetoencephalography (MEG), electroencephalography (EEG), functional MRI (fMRI), diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), voxel based morphomentry (VBM), and optical imaging, have allowed neuroscientists to investigate neural processes in ways that have not been possible until recently. Combining these techniques with advanced analysis procedures during different conditions such as hypnosis, psychiatric and neurological conditions, subliminal stimulation, and psychotropic drugs began transforming the study of neuroscience, ushering a new paradigm that may allow neuroscientists to tackle (...)
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  29. added 2016-08-17
    Piotr Tomasz Makowski (forthcoming). Intention Inertia and the Plasticity of Planning. Philosophical Psychology:1-12.
    In this article, I examine Michael Bratman’s account of stability in his planning theory of intention. Future-directed intentions should be stable, or appropriately resistant to change, over time. Bratman claims that the norm of stability governs both intentions and plans. The aim of this article is to critically enrich Bratman’s account of stability by introducing plasticity as an additional norm of planning. I construct plasticity as a kind of stability of intentions which supplements Bratman’s notion of “reasonable stability.” Unlike the (...)
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  30. added 2016-08-17
    Holly Andersen (forthcoming). The Hodgsonian Account of Temporal Experience. In Ian Phillips (ed.), Handbook of The Philosophy of Temporal Experience. Routledge
    This chapter offers a overview of Shadworth Hodgson's account of experience as fundamentally temporal, an account that was deeply influential on thinkers such as William James and which prefigures the phenomenology of Husserl in many ways. I highlight eight key features that are characteristic of Hodgson's account, and how they hang together to provide a coherent overall picture of experience and knowledge. Hodgson's account is then compared to Husserl's, and I argue that Hodgson's account offers a better target for projects (...)
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  31. added 2016-08-17
    Alfred Gierer (2000). On Modern Science, Human Cognition, and Cultural Diversity. In Preprint series, Max Planck Institute for the History of Science. MPI for the History of Science Preprint 137, 1-16.
    The development of modern science has depended strongly on specific features of the cultures involved; however, its results are widely and trans-culturally accepted and applied. The science and technology of electricity provides a particularly interesting example. It emerged as a specific product of post-Renaissance Europe, rooted in the Greek philosophical tradition that encourages explanations of nature in theoretical terms. It did not evolve in China presumably because such encouragement was missing. The trans-cultural acceptance of modern science and technology is postulated (...)
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  32. added 2016-08-16
    Charles T. Wolfe (forthcoming). Automata, Man-Machines and Embodiment: Deflating or Inflating Life? In A. Radman & H. Sohn (eds.), Critical and Clinical Cartographies; Embodiment /Technology /Care /Design. 010
    Early modern automata, understood as efforts to ‘model’ life, to grasp its singular properties and/or to unveil and demystify its seeming inaccessibility and mystery, are not just fascinating liminal, boundary, hybrid, crossover or go-between objects, while they are all of those of course. They also pose a direct challenge to some of our common conceptions about mechanism and embodiment. They challenge the simplicity of the distinction between a purported ‘mechanistic’ worldpicture, its ontology and its goals, and on the other hand (...)
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  33. added 2016-08-16
    Kathryn Gillespie (2016). Witnessing Animal Others: Bearing Witness, Grief, and the Political Function of Emotion. Hypatia 31 (3):572-588.
    This article theorizes the politics of witnessing and grief in the context of the embodied experience of cows raised for dairy in the Pacific Northwestern United States. Bearing witness to the mundane features of dairy production and their impact on cows' physical and emotional worlds enables us to understand the violence of commodification and the political dimensions of witnessing the suffering of an Other. I argue that greater attention should be paid to the uneven hierarchies of power in the act (...)
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  34. added 2016-08-16
    Charles T. Wolfe (2016). “The ‘Physiology of the Understanding’ and the ‘Mechanics of the Soul’: Reflections on Some Phantom Philosophical Projects”. Quaestio 16.
    In reflecting on the relation between early empiricist conceptions of the mind and more experimentally motivated materialist philosophies of mind in the mid-eighteenth century, I suggest that we take seriously the existence of what I shall call ‘phantom philosophical projects’. A canonical empiricist like Locke goes out of his way to state that their project to investigate and articulate the ‘logic of ideas’ is not a scientific project: “I shall not at present meddle with the Physical consideration of the Mind” (...)
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  35. added 2016-08-16
    Hane Htut Maung (2016). In Defence of Chalmers: A Comment on Korf. Dialogues in Philosophy, Mental and Neuro Sciences 9 (1):32-33.
  36. added 2016-08-16
    Charles T. Wolfe (2014). Cultured Brains and the Production of Subjectivity: The Politics of Affect(s) as an Unfinished Project. In W. Neidich (ed.), The Psychopathologies of Cognitive Capitalism II. ArchiveBooks 245-267.
    A reflection on overcoming Natur vs Geisteswissenschaften oppositions in thinking about the 'cultured brain' and plasticity.
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  37. added 2016-08-15
    Pierre Cassou-Noguès (forthcoming). The Social Impact and the Intrusive Dimension of Enhancement. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-15.
    A key feature of Buchanan is emphasis put on the social impact of biomedical enhancement. This social turn enables Buchanan to reframe the question of the desirability of enhancers. The fundamental question is no longer an individual question but a social question: what would be the advantages and the drawbacks of X in our society? The individual question, in Buchanan’s analysis, is second to the social question. Now, if one accepts that an enhancer may have secondary effects, or drawbacks, the (...)
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  38. added 2016-08-15
    Helen Watt (ed.) (2009). Incapacity and Care: Controversies in Healthcare and Research. Linacre Centre.
    What are the duties of carers and health professionals to people with mental incapacity? How ought we to think about the ethical and legal issues? What can any of us do to improve and safeguard the lives of those cared for? This book seeks to examine in detail and find ethically robust answers to such questions. Among the topics discussed are withholding treatment, tube-feeding patients with dementia, the 'persistent vegetative state', medical research, and sterilisation of intellectually disabled adults. Contributors come (...)
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  39. added 2016-08-14
    Jan Scheffel, The Unsolvability of the Mind-Body Problem Frees the Will.
    The mind-body problem is analyzed in a reductionist perspective. By combining the concepts of emergence and algorithmic information theory in a thought experiment employing a basic nonlinear process, it is shown that epistemically strongly emergent properties may develop. A comparison with the significantly more complex neural network of the brain shows that also consciousness is epistemically emergent in a strong sense. Thus reductionist understanding of consciousness is not possible; the mind-body problem does not have a reductionist solution. The ontologically emergent (...)
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  40. added 2016-08-14
    Joel Krueger & Thomas Szanto (forthcoming). Extended Emotions. Philosophy Compass.
    Until recently, philosophers and psychologists conceived of emotions as brain- and body-bound affairs. But researchers have started to challenge this internalist and individualist orthodoxy. A rapidly growing body of work suggests that some emotions incorporate external resources and thus extend beyond the neurophysiological confines of organisms; some even argue that emotions can be socially extended and shared by multiple agents. Call this the extended emotions thesis (ExE). In this article, we consider different ways of understanding ExE in philosophy, psychology, and (...)
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  41. added 2016-08-13
    Tommy C. Blanchard (forthcoming). Behavioral Methods in Consciousness Research. Philosophical Psychology:1-4.
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  42. added 2016-08-13
    Miriam Kyselo (forthcoming). The Minimal Self Needs a Social Update. Philosophical Psychology:1-9.
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  43. added 2016-08-12
    Allen-Hermanson (2016). Is Cortex Necessary? Animal Sentience 1 (3).
    A key contention of Klein & Barron (2016) is that consciousness does not depend on cortical structures. A critical appraisal suggests they have overestimated the strength of their evidence.
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  44. added 2016-08-11
    Ludger van Dijk (forthcoming). Laying Down a Path in Talking. Philosophical Psychology:1-11.
    This paper aims to provide a starting point for a non-representational approach to language. It will do so by undoing some of the reifying tendencies that are at the heart of the ontology of scientific psychology. Although non-representational theories are beginning to emerge, they remain committed to giving explanations in terms of ontological structures that are independent of human activity. If they maintain this commitment it is unlikely that they will displace representationalism in domains such as language. By following some (...)
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  45. added 2016-08-11
    Simon Townsend, Sonja Koski, Richard Byrne, Katie Slocombe, Balthasar Bickel, Markus Boeckle, Ines Braga Goncalves, Judith Burkart, Tom Flower, Florence Gaunet, Hans Johann Glock, Thibaud Gruber, David Jansen, Katja Liebal, Angelika Linke, Adam Miklosi, Richard Moore, Carel van Schaik, Sabine Stoll, Alex Vail, Bridget Waller, Markus Wild, Klaus Zuberühler & Marta Manser (2016). Exorcising Grice’s Ghost: An Empirical Approach to Studying Intentional Communication in Animals. Biological Reviews 3.
    Language’s intentional nature has been highlighted as a crucial feature distinguishing it from other communication systems. Specifically, language is often thought to depend on highly structured intentional action and mutual mindreading by a communicator and recipient. Whilst similar abilities in animals can shed light on the evolution of intentionality, they remain challenging to detect unambiguously. We revisit animal intentional communication and suggest that progress in identifying analogous capacities has been complicated by (i) the assumption that intentional (that is, voluntary) production (...)
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  46. added 2016-08-11
    Piotr T. Makowski (2016). Intention Inertia and the Plasticity of Planning. Philosophical Psychology:1-12.
    In this article, I examine Michael Bratman’s account of stability in his planning theory of intention. Future-directed intentions should be stable, or appropriately resistant to change, over time. Bratman claims that the norm of stability governs both intentions and plans. The aim of this article is to critically enrich Bratman’s account of stability by introducing plasticity as an additional norm of planning. I construct plasticity as a kind of stability of intentions which supplements Bratman’s notion of “reasonable stability.” Unlike the (...)
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  47. added 2016-08-11
    Alina Steinhorst & Joachim Funke (2014). Mirror Neuron Activity is No Proof for Action Understanding. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8 (333):1-4.
    We focus on the thesis that action understanding is a function of the mirror neuron system. According to our opinion, understanding is a process that runs through hermeneutic circles from the “Vorverständnis” (“previous understanding”) to steps of deeper understanding. Our critique relates to the narrow neuroscientific definition of action understanding as the capacity to recognize several movements as belonging to one action. After a reconstruction of the model's developments, we will challenge the claims of the model by Rizzolatti and Sinigaglia (...)
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  48. added 2016-08-11
    Alina Steinhorst & Joachim Funke (2014). Mirror Neuron Activity is No Proof for Action Understanding. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8 (333):1-4.
    We focus on the thesis that action understanding is a function of the mirror neuron system. According to our opinion, understanding is a process that runs through hermeneutic circles from the “Vorverständnis” (“previous understanding”) to steps of deeper understanding. Our critique relates to the narrow neuroscientific definition of action understanding as the capacity to recognize several movements as belonging to one action. After a reconstruction of the model's developments, we will challenge the claims of the model by Rizzolatti and Sinigaglia (...)
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  49. added 2016-08-11
    Alina Steinhorst & Joachim Funke (2014). Mirror Neuron Activity is No Proof for Action Understanding. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8 (333):1-4.
    We focus on the thesis that action understanding is a function of the mirror neuron system. According to our opinion, understanding is a process that runs through hermeneutic circles from the “Vorverständnis” (“previous understanding”) to steps of deeper understanding. Our critique relates to the narrow neuroscientific definition of action understanding as the capacity to recognize several movements as belonging to one action. After a reconstruction of the model's developments, we will challenge the claims of the model by Rizzolatti and Sinigaglia (...)
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  50. added 2016-08-09
    Bruno Laeng, Lise Mette Eidet, Unni Sulutvedt & Jaak Panksepp (2016). Music Chills: The Eye Pupil as a Mirror to Music’s Soul. Consciousness and Cognition 44:161-178.
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