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Philosophy of Cognitive Science

Edited by Gualtiero Piccinini (University of Missouri St. Louis)
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  1. added 2015-03-03
    Valtteri Arstila (forthcoming). Theories of Apparent Motion. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-22.
    Apparent motion is an illusion in which two sequentially presented and spatially separated stimuli give rise to the experience of one moving stimulus. This phenomenon has been deployed in various philosophical arguments for and against various theories of consciousness, time consciousness and the ontology of time. Nevertheless, philosophers have continued working within a framework that does not reflect the current understanding of apparent motion. The main objectives of this paper are to expose the shortcomings of the explanations provided for apparent (...)
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  2. added 2015-03-02
    Shaun Nichols (1992). Commonsense Psychology. Dissertation, Rutgers the State University of New Jersey - New Brunswick
    In contemporary philosophy of mind, the status of commonsense psychology has been vigorously discussed. However, philosophers have spent relatively little time determining what the commonsense theory is. In the thesis, I try to uncover the essential features of commonsense psychology. I use philosophical analysis as well as evidence from anthropology, linguistics, and psychology to develop an account of the theory. ;In the first chapter, I defend the claim that we rely on a psychological theory in the lay prediction of behavior. (...)
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  3. added 2015-03-02
    Robert Andrew Wilson (1992). Individualism, Psychological Explanation, and Mental Representation. Dissertation, Cornell University
    Individualism in psychology is the view that mental states must be individuated so as to be intrinsic to particular individuals. This view has been thought to impose an intuitive and plausible constraint on explanation in psychology. The dissertation is a sustained examination of individualism, especially with respect to its role in psychological explanation. My particular interest is in showing that individualism is not a constraint on psychology which follows from either psychology's scientific nature, or from the nature of causation or (...)
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  4. added 2015-03-01
    Terence Rajivan Edward, Taking the Concepts of Others Seriously.
    This paper assesses an argument against the representationalist tradition in anthropology: the tradition of reporting how a cultural group represents the world. According to the argument, anthropologists working within this tradition cannot take the concepts of those they study seriously. I defend the representationalist tradition against this argument.
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  5. added 2015-02-28
    Robert J. O'Hara (1993). Review of Atran's 'Cognitive Foundations of Natural History: Towards an Anthropology of Science'. [REVIEW] Forest and Conservation History 37 (1): 43.
  6. added 2015-02-27
    Shannon Spaulding (forthcoming). Simulation Theory. In Amy Kind (ed.), Handbook of Imagination. Routledge Press.
    This is a penultimate draft of a paper that will appear in Handbook of Imagination, Amy Kind (ed.). Routledge Press. Please cite only the final printed version.
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  7. added 2015-02-26
    Berit Brogaard & Dimitria Electra Gatzia (forthcoming). Psilocybin, LSD, Mescaline and Drug-Induced Synesthesia. In Victor R. Preedy (ed.), The Neuropathology Of Drug Addictions And Substance Misuse. Elsevier.
    Studies have shown that both serotonin and glutamate receptor systems play a crucial role in the mechanisms underlying drug-induced synesthesia. The specific nature of these mechanisms, however, continues to remain elusive. Here we propose two distinct hypotheses for how synesthesia triggered by hallucinogens in the serotonin-agonist family may occur. One hypothesis is that the drug-induced destabilization of thalamic projections via GABAergic neuronal circuits from sensory areas leads to a disruption of low-level, spontaneous integration of multisensory stimuli. This sort of integration (...)
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  8. added 2015-02-26
    Wilma Bucci, Bernard Maskit & Sean Murphy (forthcoming). Connecting Emotions and Words: The Referential Process. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-25.
    This paper outlines the process of verbal communication of emotion as this occurs through the phases of the referential process, including arousal of an emotion schema; detailed and specific descriptions of images and episodes that are exemplars of emotion schemas; and reflection and reorganization, which may include emotion labels and other types of categorical terms. The concepts of emotion schemas and the referential process are defined in the theoretical framework of multiple code theory which includes subsymbolic sensory, visceral and motoric (...)
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  9. added 2015-02-25
    Jacqueline Anne Sullivan (forthcoming). Neuroscientific Kinds Through the Lens of Scientific Practice. In Catherine Kendig (ed.), Natural Kinds and Classification in Scientific Practice. Pickering and Chatto.
    In this chapter, I argue that scientific practice in the neurosciences of cognition is not conducive to the discovery of natural kinds of cognitive capacities. The “neurosciences of cognition” include cognitive neuroscience and cognitive neurobiology, two research areas that aim to understand how the brain gives rise to cognition and behavior. Some philosophers of neuroscience have claimed that explanatory progress in these research areas ultimately will result in the discovery of the underlying mechanisms of cognitive capacities. Once such mechanistic understanding (...)
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  10. added 2015-02-24
    Terry Dartnall (1996). Cognitive Science and the Crisis It is Facing. Metascience 5:95-105.
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  11. added 2015-02-22
    Erol Copelj (forthcoming). On Projecting and Willing: A Contribution to the Phenomenology of Intentions. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-17.
    This work is best described as an endeavour to contribute to the phenomenology of intentions, the experiences of intending to do something. It finds its point of departure in the discussion of two ‘analytic philosophers’, John Searle and John McDowell, where two contrasting accounts of intentions are offered. The first task is to derive a hybrid account, according to which there are different kinds of intentions, each having the property of being a potential continuant with prior- and in-action phases. The (...)
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  12. added 2015-02-21
    Ralph Adolphs (forthcoming). The Unsolved Problems of Neuroscience. Trends in Cognitive Sciences.
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  13. added 2015-02-20
    Solvi Arnold, Reiji Suzuki & Takaya Arita (forthcoming). Selection for Representation in Higher-Order Adaptation. Minds and Machines:1-23.
    A theory of the evolution of mind cannot be complete without an explanation of how cognition became representational. Artificial approximations of cognitive evolution do not, in general, produce representational cognition. We take this as an indication that there is a gap in our understanding of what drives evolution towards representational solutions, and propose a theory to fill this gap. We suggest selection for learning and selection for second order learning as the causal factors driving the emergence of innate and acquired (...)
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  14. added 2015-02-19
    Massimiliano L. Cappuccio (forthcoming). Introduction: When Embodied Cognition and Sport Psychology Team-Up. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-13.
    I.One of the main undertakings of the embodied approach to cognition is to spell out effectively the intuition that our body shapes what our mind can do . This endeavor is motivated—among other things – by the deep sense of awe that cognitive scientists experience in front of the sophistication, flexibility, and variability that can be reached by the motor abilities of well-trained humans. In particular, excellence in sporting skills inspires embodied cognition by exhibiting tangible evidence that the details of (...)
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  15. added 2015-02-19
    Raymond Aaron Younis (1997). Science Reason and Rhetoric. [REVIEW] Australasian Journal of Philosophy 75 (4):548-550.
  16. added 2015-02-18
    Bernardo Aguilera (forthcoming). Behavioural Explanation in the Realm of Non-Mental Computing Agents. Minds and Machines:1-20.
    Recently, many philosophers have been inclined to ascribe mentality to animals on the main grounds that they possess certain complex computational abilities. In this paper I contend that this view is misleading, since it wrongly assumes that those computational abilities demand a psychological explanation. On the contrary, they can be just characterised from a computational level of explanation, which picks up a domain of computation and information processing that is common to many computing systems but is autonomous from the domain (...)
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  17. added 2015-02-18
    Clare Batty (forthcoming). The First Sense: A Philosophical Study of the Sense of Touch. Philosophical Psychology:1-9.
    In this essay, I review Matthew Fulkerson's The First Sense: A Philosophical Study of the Sense of Touch. In this first philosophical book on the sense of touch, Fulkerson provides an account of the nature and content of tactual experience. Central to Fulkerson's view is the claim that exploratory action plays a fundamental role in touch. In this review, I put pressure on two of his arguments: the argument that tactual experience is unisensory and the argument that tactual experience does (...)
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  18. added 2015-02-18
    Mauro Antonelli (ed.) (1994). Die Experimentelle Analyse des Bewußtseins Bei Vittorio Benussi. Rodopi.
    Der Triestiner Vittorio Benussi , Mitglied der Grazer gegenstandstheoretischen und psychologischen Schule um Alexius Meinong, war einer der bedeutendsten Experimentalpsychologen seiner Zeit. Seine Pionierleistungen auf dem Gebiet der experimentellen Gestaltpsychologie gerieten jedoch bald durch die fortschreitende Durchsetzung der Berliner Schule der Gestalttheorie in Vergessenheit, so daß sein Werk bis heute weitgehend unbekannt geblieben ist.Benussis wissenschaftliche Tätigkeit, die sich durch eine streng experimentelle Vorgangsweise auszeichnet, erweist sich rückblickend als fruchtbarer Anknüpfungspunkt für die zeitgenössische Kognitionswissenschaft. Dies ermöglicht eine Neubewertung seiner wissenschaftlichen Arbeit (...)
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  19. added 2015-02-17
    Glenn Carruthers (forthcoming). Difficulties for Extending Wegner and Colleagues’ Model of the Sense of Agency to Deficits in Delusions of Alien Control. Avant: Trend in Interdisciplinary Studies.
    Wegner and colleagues have offered an explanation of the sense of agency over one’s bodily actions. If the orthodox view is correct and there is a sense of agency deficit associated with delusions of alien control, then Wegner and colleagues’ model ought to extend to an explanation of this deficit. Data from intentional binding studies opens up the possibility that an abnormality in representing the timing of mental events leads to a violation of the principle of priority in those suffering (...)
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  20. added 2015-02-17
    Glenn Carruthers (forthcoming). Difficulties for Extending Wegner and Colleagues’ Model of the Sense of Agency to Deficits in Delusions of Alien Control. Avant: Trend in Interdisciplinary Studies.
    Wegner and colleagues have offered an explanation of the sense of agency over one’s bodily actions. If the orthodox view is correct and there is a sense of agency deficit associated with delusions of alien control, then Wegner and colleagues’ model ought to extend to an explanation of this deficit. Data from intentional binding studies opens up the possibility that an abnormality in representing the timing of mental events leads to a violation of the principle of priority in those suffering (...)
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  21. added 2015-02-16
    Luke Kersten & Robert A. Wilson (forthcoming). The Sound of Music, Externalist Style. American Philosophical Quarterly.
    Philosophical exploration of individualism and externalism in the cognitive sciences most recently has been focused on general evaluations of these two views (Adams & Aizawa 2008, Rupert 2008, Wilson 2004, Clark 2008). Here we return to broaden an earlier phase of the debate between individualists and externalists about cognition, one that considered in detail particular theories, such as those in developmental psychology (Patterson 1991) and the computational theory of vision (Burge 1986, Segal 1989). Music cognition is an area in the (...)
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  22. added 2015-02-16
    Alex Byrne (2015). Skepticism About the Internal World. In Gideon Rosen, Alex Byrne, Joshua Cohen & Seana Valentine Shiffrin (eds.), The Norton Introduction to Philosophy. W. W. Norton.
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  23. added 2015-02-14
    Travis J. Wiltshire (forthcoming). A Prospective Framework for the Design of Ideal Artificial Moral Agents: Insights From the Science of Heroism in Humans. Minds and Machines:1-15.
    The growing field of machine morality has becoming increasingly concerned with how to develop artificial moral agents. However, there is little consensus on what constitutes an ideal moral agent let alone an artificial one. Leveraging a recent account of heroism in humans, the aim of this paper is to provide a prospective framework for conceptualizing, and in turn designing ideal artificial moral agents, namely those that would be considered heroic robots. First, an overview of what it means to be an (...)
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  24. added 2015-02-13
    Benjamin Kozuch (forthcoming). Dislocation, Not Dissociation: The Neuroanatomical Argument Against Visual Experience Driving Motor Action. Mind and Language.
    Common sense suggests that visual consciousness is essential to skilled motor action, but Andy Clark—inspired by Milner and Goodale’s dual visual systems theory—has appealed to a wide range of experimental dissociations to argue that such an assumption is false. Critics of Clark’s argument (e.g., Wallhagen, Mole) contend that the content driving motor action is actually within subjects’ experience, just not easily discovered. In this paper, I argue that even if such content exists, it cannot be guiding motor action, since a (...)
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  25. added 2015-02-11
    Isabella Fuchs, Ulrich Ansorge, Christoph Huber-Huber, Anna Höflich & Rupert Lanzenberger (forthcoming). S-Ketamine Influences Strategic Allocation of Attention but Not Exogenous Capture of Attention. Consciousness and Cognition.
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  26. added 2015-02-11
    Victor Loughlin (forthcoming). Zdravko Radman , The Hand: An Organ of the Mind, What the Manual Tells the Mental. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-6.
    Hands undoubtedly matter. Few, I suspect, would disagree. Yet The Hand, an Organ of the Mind uses this commonplace to dispel what is termed the “intellectualist illusion” , the illusion that the things we do with our hands are always and everywhere guided by an in-the-head centralised planner. Radman’s spirited collection of essays makes the point that we are not the sort of “centralised knowers” that the history of cognitive science might have us believe. Rather the manual is primary: it (...)
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  27. added 2015-02-11
    Anna Foerster, Rob Gray & Rouwen Cañal-Bruland (2015). Size Estimates Remain Stable in the Face of Differences in Performance Outcome Variability in an Aiming Task. Consciousness and Cognition 33:47-52.
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  28. added 2015-02-11
    Herbert Heuer & Mathias Hegele (2015). Explicit and Implicit Components of Visuo-Motor Adaptation: An Analysis of Individual Differences. Consciousness and Cognition 33:156-169.
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  29. added 2015-02-11
    Sébastien Marti, Laurie Bayet & Stanislas Dehaene (2015). Subjective Report of Eye Fixations During Serial Search. Consciousness and Cognition 33:1-15.
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  30. added 2015-02-11
    Benjamin Plimpton, Priya Patel & Lia Kvavilashvili (2015). Role of Triggers and Dysphoria in Mind-Wandering About Past, Present and Future: A Laboratory Study. Consciousness and Cognition 33:261-276.
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  31. added 2015-02-11
    Cleoputri Yusainy & Claire Lawrence (2015). Brief Mindfulness Induction Could Reduce Aggression After Depletion. Consciousness and Cognition 33:125-134.
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  32. added 2015-02-11
    Emilie A. Caspar, Axel Cleeremans & Patrick Haggard (2015). The Relationship Between Human Agency and Embodiment. Consciousness and Cognition 33:226-236.
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  33. added 2015-02-11
    Sam J. Gilbert (2015). Strategic Use of Reminders: Influence of Both Domain-General and Task-Specific Metacognitive Confidence, Independent of Objective Memory Ability. Consciousness and Cognition 33:245-260.
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  34. added 2015-02-11
    Thomas Meyer, Henry Otgaar & Tom Smeets (2015). Flashbacks, Intrusions, Mind-Wandering – Instances of an Involuntary Memory Spectrum: A Commentary on Takarangi, Strange, and Lindsay. Consciousness and Cognition 33:24-29.
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  35. added 2015-02-11
    Donné van der Westhuizen & Mark Solms (2015). Social Dominance and the Affective Neuroscience Personality Scales. Consciousness and Cognition 33:90-111.
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  36. added 2015-02-11
    Rachel J. Anderson, Lien Peters & Stephen A. Dewhurst (2015). Episodic Elaboration: Investigating the Structure of Retrieved Past Events and Imagined Future Events. Consciousness and Cognition 33:112-124.
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  37. added 2015-02-11
    Reed Maxwell, Steven Jay Lynn & Liam Condon (2015). Hypnosis, Hypnotic Suggestibility, Memory, and Involvement in Films. Consciousness and Cognition 33:170-184.
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  38. added 2015-02-11
    Giulia L. Poerio, Peter Totterdell, Lisa-Marie Emerson & Eleanor Miles (2015). Love is the Triumph of the Imagination: Daydreams About Significant Others Are Associated with Increased Happiness, Love and Connection. Consciousness and Cognition 33:135-144.
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  39. added 2015-02-11
    Celia B. Harris, Akira R. O’Connor & John Sutton (2015). Cue Generation and Memory Construction in Direct and Generative Autobiographical Memory Retrieval. Consciousness and Cognition 33:204-216.
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  40. added 2015-02-11
    Stephan Lau, Anette Hiemisch & Roy F. Baumeister (2015). The Experience of Freedom in Decisions – Questioning Philosophical Beliefs in Favor of Psychological Determinants. Consciousness and Cognition 33:30-46.
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  41. added 2015-02-11
    Amanda N. Miles & Dorthe Berntsen (2015). The Forgotten Remindings: Personal Remindings Examined Through Self-Probed Retrospection During Reading and Writing. Consciousness and Cognition 33:67-77.
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  42. added 2015-02-11
    Bo Wang (2015). Negative Emotion Elicited in High School Students Enhances Consolidation of Item Memory, but Not Source Memory. Consciousness and Cognition 33:185-195.
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  43. added 2015-02-11
    Christopher T. Ball (2015). Involuntary Memories and Restrained Eating. Consciousness and Cognition 33:237-244.
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  44. added 2015-02-11
    Marie Geurten, Sylvie Willems & Thierry Meulemans (2015). Beyond the Experience: Detection of Metamemorial Regularities. Consciousness and Cognition 33:16-23.
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  45. added 2015-02-11
    Christina Merrick, Melika Farnia, Tiffany K. Jantz, Adam Gazzaley & Ezequiel Morsella (2015). External Control of the Stream of Consciousness: Stimulus-Based Effects on Involuntary Thought Sequences. Consciousness and Cognition 33:217-225.
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  46. added 2015-02-11
    Cody Tousignant, Glen E. Bodner & Michelle M. Arnold (2015). Effects of Context on Recollection and Familiarity Experiences Are Task Dependent. Consciousness and Cognition 33:78-89.
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  47. added 2015-02-11
    Alaitz Aizpurua & Wilma Koutstaal (2015). A Matter of Focus: Detailed Memory in the Intentional Autobiographical Recall of Older and Younger Adults. Consciousness and Cognition 33:145-155.
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  48. added 2015-02-11
    Michael Proulx & Petra Stoerig (2006). Seeing Sounds and Tingling Tongues: Qualia in Synaesthesia and Sensory Substitution. Anthropology and Philosophy 7 (1/2):135-150.
    In this paper we wish to bring together two seemingly independent areas of research: synaesthesia and sensory substitution. Synaesthesia refers to a rare condition where a sensory stimulus elicits not only the sensation that stimulus evokes in its own modality, but an additional one; a synaesthete may thus hear the word “Monday”, and, in addition to hearing it, have a concurrent visual experience of a red color. Sensory substitution, in contrast, attempts to substitute a sensory modality that a person has (...)
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  49. added 2015-02-11
    Wlodzislaw Duch (2005). Brain-Inspired Conscious Computing Architecture. Journal of Mind and Behavior 26 (1-2):1-22.
    What type of artificial systems will claim to be conscious and will claim to experience qualia? The ability to comment upon physical states of a brain-like dynamical system coupled with its environment seems to be sufficient to make claims. The flow of internal states in such systems, guided and limited by associative memory, is similar to the stream of consciousness. A specific architecture of an artificial system, termed articon, is introduced that by its very design has to claim being conscious. (...)
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  50. added 2015-02-11
    Jason Holt (1999). Blindsight: An Essay in the Philosophy of Psychology and Mind. Dissertation, The University of Western Ontario (Canada)
    Although philosophers acknowledge the significance of blindsight for theories of mind---indeed, some try to trade on it---they have not given the phenomenon the extended treatment it deserves. In helping to fill this gap, I argue that despite attempts to use it in undermining qualia , blindsight supports realism about qualia, and an identity theoretic account of them. ;In Chapter 1 I argue against attempts by Dennett and the Churchlands to use blindsight in undermining qualia. I complement this by criticizing their (...)
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