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Philosophy of Cognitive Science

Edited by Gualtiero Piccinini (University of Missouri, St. Louis)
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  1. added 2015-07-01
    Zeno Van Duppen (forthcoming). The Phenomenology of Hypo- and Hyperreality in Psychopathology. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-19.
    Contemporary perspectives on delusions offer valuable neuropsychiatric, psychoanalytic, and philosophical explanations of the formation and persistence of delusional phenomena. However, two problems arise. Firstly, these different perspectives offer us an explanation “from the outside”. They pay little attention to the actual personal experiences, and implicitly assume their incomprehensibility. This implicates a questionable validity. Secondly, these perspectives fail to account for two complex phenomena that are inherent to certain delusions, namely double book-keeping and the primary delusional experience. The purpose of this (...)
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  2. added 2015-07-01
    Anna Giustina & Uriah Kriegel (forthcoming). Phenomenal Knowledge, Introspection, and Inner Awareness. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 7.
    Phenomenal beliefs are beliefs about the phenomenal properties of one's concurrent conscious states. It is an article of commonsense that such beliefs tend to be justified. Philosophers have been less convinced. It is sometimes claimed that phenomenal beliefs are not on the whole justified, on the grounds that (i) they are typically based on introspection and (ii) introspection is often unreliable. Here we argue against (ii). Central to our case is a pair of distinctions: one between what we call fact-introspection (...)
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  3. added 2015-07-01
    Philippe Rochat (forthcoming). Self-Conscious Roots of Human Normativity. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-13.
    What are the roots of human normativity and when do children begin to behave according to standards and norms? Empirical observations demonstrate that we are born with built-in orientation toward what is predictable and of the same - henceforth what deviates from it -, what is the norm or the standard in the generic sense of the word. However, what develop in humans is self-consciousness, transforming norms from “should” to “ought” and making human normativity profoundly different from any other forms (...)
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  4. added 2015-07-01
    M. Chirimuuta (forthcoming). Editorial for Minds and Machines Special Issue on Philosophy of Colour. Minds and Machines:1-10.
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  5. added 2015-07-01
    Varga Somogy (2015). Identifications, Volitions and the Case of Successful Psychopaths. Dialectica 69 (1):87–106.
    While many profound philosophical questions arise about psychopaths, I wish to draw attention to two limitations in current debates. First, philosophers mainly deal with offender and forensic populations neglecting so-called ‘successful’ psychopaths. Second, philosophers mainly focus on the issue of empathy and responsibility, while relatively little attention is paid to volitional aspects. I address these two limitations together and argue that ‘successful’ psychopaths are volitionally constrained. In order to grasp and explore this deficiency, I argue in favour of a more (...)
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  6. added 2015-06-30
    M. Chirimuuta & F. A. A. Kingdom (forthcoming). The Uses of Colour Vision: Ornamental, Practical, and Theoretical. Minds and Machines:1-17.
    What is colour vision for? In the popular imagination colour vision is for “seeing the colours” — adding hue to the achromatic world of shape, depth and motion. On this view colour vision plays little more than an ornamental role, lending glamour to an otherwise monochrome world. This idea has guided much theorising about colour within vision science and philosophy. However, we argue that a broader approach is needed. Recent research in the psychology of colour demonstrates that colour vision is (...)
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  7. added 2015-06-30
    D. K. Sokol, B. Maloney, J. M. Long, B. Ray & D. K. Lahiri (2011). Autism, Alzheimer Disease, and Fragile X: APP, FMRP, and mGluR5 Are Molecular Links. Neurology 76:1344-52.
    The present review highlights an association between autism, Alzheimer disease , and fragile X syndrome . We propose a conceptual framework involving the amyloid-beta peptide , Abeta precursor protein , and fragile X mental retardation protein based on experimental evidence. The anabolic effect of the secreted alpha form of the amyloid-beta precursor protein may contribute to the state of brain overgrowth implicated in autism and FXS. Our previous report demonstrated that higher plasma sAPPalpha levels associate with more severe symptoms of (...)
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  8. added 2015-06-30
    Y. Wen, W. H. Yu, B. Maloney, J. Bailey, J. Ma, I. Marie, T. Maurin, L. Wang, H. Figueroa, M. Herman, P. Krishnamurthy, L. Liu, E. Planel, L. F. Lau, D. K. Lahiri & K. Duff (2008). Transcriptional Regulation of Beta-Secretase by P25/Cdk5 Leads to Enhanced Amyloidogenic Processing. Neuron 57:680-90.
    Cyclin-dependent kinase 5 has been implicated in Alzheimer's disease pathogenesis. Here, we demonstrate that overexpression of p25, an activator of cdk5, led to increased levels of BACE1 mRNA and protein in vitro and in vivo. A p25/cdk5 responsive region containing multiple sites for signal transducer and activator of transcription was identified in the BACE1 promoter. STAT3 interacts with the BACE1 promoter, and p25-overexpressing mice had elevated levels of pSTAT3 and BACE1, whereas cdk5-deficient mice had reduced levels. Furthermore, mice with a (...)
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  9. added 2015-06-29
    Barry Smith, Sivaram Arabandi, Mathias Brochhausen, Michael Calhoun, Paolo Ciccarese, Scott Doyle, Bernard Gibaud, Ilya Goldberg, Charles E. Kahn Jr, , James Overton, John Tomaszewski & Metin Gurcan (2015). Biomedical Imaging Ontologies: A Survey and Proposal for Future Work. Journal of Pathology Informatics 6 (37).
    Ontology is one strategy for promoting interoperability of heterogeneous data through consistent tagging. An ontology is a controlled structured vocabulary consisting of general terms (such as “cell” or “image” or “tissue” or “microscope”) that form the basis for such tagging. These terms are designed to represent the types of entities in the domain of reality that the ontology has been devised to capture; the terms are provided with logical defi nitions thereby also supporting reasoning over the tagged data. Aim: This (...)
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  10. added 2015-06-26
    Richard Heersmink (2015). The Cognitive Integration of Scientific Instruments: Information, Situated Cognition and Scientific Practice. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-21.
    Researchers in the biological and biomedical sciences, particularly those working in laboratories, use a variety of artifacts to help them perform their cognitive tasks. This paper analyses the relationship between researchers and cognitive artifacts in terms of integration. It first distinguishes different categories of cognitive artifacts used in biological practice on the basis of their informational properties. This results in a novel classification of scientific instruments, conducive to an analysis of the cognitive interactions between researchers and artifacts. It then uses (...)
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  11. added 2015-06-25
    Marco Solinas (2015). Forme della psicoanalisi e teoria del riconoscimento. La psiche intersoggettiva di Axel Honneth. Psicoterapia E Scienze Umane (2):221-242.
    "Patterns of psychoanalysis and theory of recognition. Axel Honneth’s intersubjective psyche". An overview of the several scopes and patterns used over time by Axel Honneth in his “theory of recognition” is presented. After a discussion of the use of object relations theory (especially with reference to D.W. Winnicott’s contributions) in Honneth’s 1992 book Struggle for Recognition, the theoretical revision of psychoanalysis in light of his theory of recognition is examined. Finally, Honneth’s suggestion of a new alliance between a renewed “critical (...)
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  12. added 2015-06-24
    Koshy Tharakan (2006). Consciousness and Society: In Defence of a Phenomenological Approach to Social Reality. In A. V. Afonso (ed.), Consciousness, Society and Values. Indian Institute of Advanced Study. 129-146.
    With the advent of Postmodernism, the recent discussions in Continental thought has called into question the philosophy of the Subject, particularly the Cartesian “cogito” and the related method of reflection. One of the important ramifications of these questioning of the reflective subject is to do with the phenomenological doctrine of intentionality of consciousness. Recently, David Carr, himself a phenomenologist, has advanced a serious objection to the phenomenological approach to social reality. In what follows, I will be attempting a defence of (...)
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  13. added 2015-06-23
    Ceenom, Message Ceenom: The Brief.
    The unabridged Message Ceenom is available at http://ceen.me and http://ceen.in.
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  14. added 2015-06-23
    Yu Gao, Adrian Raine & Robert A. Schug (2012). Somatic Aphasia: Mismatch of Body Sensations with Autonomic Stress Reactivity in Psychopathy. Biological Psychology 90:228–233.
    Background— Although one of the main characteristics of psychopaths is a deficit in emotion, it is unknown whether they show a fundamental impairment in appropriately recognizing their own body sensations during an emotion-inducing task. Method— Skin conductance and heart rate were recorded in 138 males during a social stressor together with subjective reports of body sensations. Psychopathic traits were assessed using the Psychopathy Checklist – Revised (PCL-R) 2nd edition (Hare, 2003). Results— Nonpsychopathic controls who reported higher body sensations showed higher (...)
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  15. added 2015-06-23
    C. Iria, F. Barbosa & R. Paixao (2012). The Identification of Negative Emotions Through a Go/No-Go Task. European Psychologist 17:291-292.
    This study compares the performance, when identifying negative emotions on facial expression, of male offenders (n = 62) with a high level of psychopathy (n = 25) with other criminals with a low level of psychopathy (n = 37), as well as other ‘‘successful psychopaths’’(n = 12) and non-criminals with a low level of psychopathy (n = 39) in order to clarify the negative emotional processing of offenders and nonoffenders that are either high or low in psychopathy. The participants were (...)
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  16. added 2015-06-23
    C. Iria, F. Barbosa & R. Paixao (2012). The Identification of Negative Emotions Through a Go/No-Go Task. European Psychologist 17:291-292.
    This study compares the performance, when identifying negative emotions on facial expression, of male offenders (n = 62) with a high level of psychopathy (n = 25) with other criminals with a low level of psychopathy (n = 37), as well as other ‘‘successful psychopaths’’(n = 12) and non-criminals with a low level of psychopathy (n = 39) in order to clarify the negative emotional processing of offenders and nonoffenders that are either high or low in psychopathy. The participants were (...)
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  17. added 2015-06-23
    C. Iria, F. Barbosa & R. Paixao (2012). The Identification of Negative Emotions Through a Go/No-Go Task. European Psychologist 17:291-292.
    This study compares the performance, when identifying negative emotions on facial expression, of male offenders (n = 62) with a high level of psychopathy (n = 25) with other criminals with a low level of psychopathy (n = 37), as well as other ‘‘successful psychopaths’’(n = 12) and non-criminals with a low level of psychopathy (n = 39) in order to clarify the negative emotional processing of offenders and nonoffenders that are either high or low in psychopathy. The participants were (...)
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  18. added 2015-06-23
    Jana L. Mullins-Nelson, Randall T. Salekin & Anne-Marie R. Leistico (2006). Psychopathy, Empathy, and Perspective -Taking Ability in a Community Sample: Implications for the Successful Psychopathy Concept. International Journal of Forensic Mental Health 5:133-149.
    This study examined the relationship between psychopathy and two components of empathy including a cognitive component (e.g., perspective-taking ability) and an affective component (e.g., compassion) in a community sample. The Psychopathic Personality Inventory Short Form was used to assess psychopathy and several psychological measures were used to test empathy including the Interpersonal Reactivity Index, the Diagnostic Analysis of Nonverbal Accuracy-2, and the Test of Self Conscious Affect -3. Across instruments, psychopathy (as a unitary construct) appeared to be negligibly correlated with (...)
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  19. added 2015-06-23
    F. Lösel & M. Schmucker (2004). Psychopathy, Risk Taking, and Attention: A Differentiated Test of the Somatic Marker Hypothesis. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 113:522-529.
    A. R. Damasio's (1994) somatic marker hypothesis relates psychopathy to deficits in the ventromedial prefrontal cortex. Using the gambling task (A. Bechara, A. R. Damasio, H. Damasio, & S. Anderson, 1994), the authors tested this premise and the role of attention as a moderator. Forty-nine male prison inmates were assessed with the Psychopathy Checklist--Revised (R. D. Hare, 1991), the gambling task, and standardized tests on attention-concentration, and intelligence. Results revealed no general relation between psychopathy and gambling task performance. However, psychopathic (...)
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  20. added 2015-06-22
    Peter Langland-Hassan, Frank R. Faries, Michael J. Richardson & Aimee Dietz (2015). Inner Speech Deficits in Aphasia. Frontiers in Psychology 6 (528):1-10.
    Despite the ubiquity of inner speech in our mental lives, methods for objectively assessing inner speech capacities remain underdeveloped. The most common means of assessing inner speech is to present participants with tasks requiring them to silently judge whether two words rhyme. We developed a version of this task to assess the inner speech of a population of patients with aphasia and corresponding language production deficits. Patients’ performance on the silent rhyming task was severely impaired relative to controls. Patients’ performance (...)
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  21. added 2015-06-22
    Jifan Zhou, Caiping Zhou, Jiansheng Li & Meng Zhang (2015). Cognitive Style Modulates Conscious but Not Unconscious Thought: Comparing the Deliberation-Without-Attention Effect in Analytics and Wholists. Consciousness and Cognition 36:54-60.
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  22. added 2015-06-22
    Michael H. Connors (2015). Hypnosis and Belief: A Review of Hypnotic Delusions. [REVIEW] Consciousness and Cognition 36:27-43.
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  23. added 2015-06-22
    Jonathan Fortier & Chris J. A. Moulin (2015). What is French for Déjà Vu? Descriptions of Déjà Vu in Native French and English Speakers. Consciousness and Cognition 36:12-18.
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  24. added 2015-06-22
    Evan F. Risko & Timothy L. Dunn (2015). Storing Information in-the-World: Metacognition and Cognitive Offloading in a Short-Term Memory Task. Consciousness and Cognition 36:61-74.
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  25. added 2015-06-22
    Wen Wen, Atsushi Yamashita & Hajime Asama (2015). The Influence of Action-Outcome Delay and Arousal on Sense of Agency and the Intentional Binding Effect. Consciousness and Cognition 36:87-95.
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  26. added 2015-06-22
    Ke Ma & Bernhard Hommel (2015). Body-Ownership for Actively Operated Non-Corporeal Objects. Consciousness and Cognition 36:75-86.
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  27. added 2015-06-22
    Ashley E. Walton, Michael J. Richardson, Peter Langland-Hassan & Anthony Chemero (2015). Improvisation and the Self-Organization of Multiple Musical Bodies. Frontiers in Psychology 6 (313):1-9.
  28. added 2015-06-22
    Anna Anzulewicz, Dariusz Asanowicz, Bert Windey, Borysław Paulewicz, Michał Wierzchoń & Axel Cleeremans (2015). Does Level of Processing Affect the Transition From Unconscious to Conscious Perception? Consciousness and Cognition 36:1-11.
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  29. added 2015-06-22
    Claire M. Zedelius, James M. Broadway & Jonathan W. Schooler (2015). Motivating Meta-Awareness of Mind Wandering: A Way to Catch the Mind in Flight? Consciousness and Cognition 36:44-53.
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  30. added 2015-06-22
    Arielle R. Mandell, Alexandra Becker, Aaron VanAndel, Andrew Nelson & Tyler H. Shaw (2015). Neuroticism and Vigilance Revisited: A Transcranial Doppler Investigation. Consciousness and Cognition 36:19-26.
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  31. added 2015-06-21
    Patrick Allo (forthcoming). Donald W. Loveland, Richard E. Hodel, and S. G. Sterrett: Three Views of Logic: Mathematics, Philosophy and Computer Science. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines:1-6.
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  32. added 2015-06-21
    Jonathan Cohen (forthcoming). Ecumenicism, Comparability, and Color, Or: How to Have Your Cake and Eat It, Too. Minds and Machines:1-27.
    Data about perceptual variation motivate the ecumenicist view that distinct color representations are mutually compatible. On the other hand, data about agreement and disagreement motivate making distinct color representations mutually incompatible. Prima facie, these desiderata appear to conflict. I’ll lay out and assess two strategies for managing the conflict—color relationalism, and the self-locating property theory of color—with the aim of deciding how best to have your cake and eat it, too.
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  33. added 2015-06-20
    Robert D. Rupert, Embodied Functionalism and Inner Complexity: Simon’s 21st-Century Mind.
    This chapter argues that Simon anticipated what has emerged as the consensus view about human cognition: embodied functionalism. According to embodied functionalism, cognitive processes appear at a distinctively cognitive level; types of cognitive processes (such as proving a theorem) are not identical to kinds of neural processes, because the former can take various physical forms in various individual thinkers. Nevertheless, the distinctive characteristics of such processes — their causal structures — are determined by fine-grained properties shared by various, often especially (...)
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  34. added 2015-06-20
    Benjamin D. Young (2015). Formative Non-Conceptual Content. Journal of Consciousness Studies 22 (5-6).
    The olfactory system processes smells in a structural manner that is unlike the composition of thoughts or language, suggesting that some of the content of our olfactory experiences are represented in a format that does not involve concepts. Consequently, formative non-conceptual content is offered as an alternative theory of non-conceptual content according to which the difference between conceptual and non-conceptual states is simply a matter of the format of their structural parts and relations within a system of representations. Aside from (...)
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  35. added 2015-06-19
    Juan Felipe Martinez Florez (forthcoming). Michael S. Gazzaniga, George R. Mangun : The Cognitive Neurosciences, 5th Edition. Minds and Machines:1-4.
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  36. added 2015-06-19
    Bence Nanay (2015). Cognitive Penetration and the Gallery of Indiscernibles. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
    Danto's Gallery of Indiscernibles thought experiment only works if we make assumptions about the cognitive impenetrability of perception, which we have strong empirical reasons to reject.
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  37. added 2015-06-19
    Bence Nanay (2015). Aesthetic Attention. Journal of Consciousness Studies 22:960118.
    The aim of this paper is to give a new account of the way we exercise our attention in some paradigmatic cases of aesthetic experience. I treat aesthetic experience as a specific kind of experience and like in the case of other kinds of experiences, attention plays an important role in determining its phenomenal character. I argue that an important feature of at least some of our aesthetic experiences is that we exercise our attention in a specific, distributed, manner: our (...)
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  38. added 2015-06-19
    Andreas Elpidorou (2014). The Bright Side of Boredom. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  39. added 2015-06-18
    David Ellerman, On Adjoint and Brain Functors.
    There is some consensus among orthodox category theorists that the concept of adjoint functors is the most important concept contributed to mathematics by category theory. We give a heterodox treatment of adjoints using heteromorphisms (object-to-object morphisms between objects of different categories) that parses an adjunction into two separate parts (left and right representations of heteromorphisms). Then these separate parts can be recombined in a new way to define a cognate concept, the brain functor, to abstractly model the functions of perception (...)
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  40. added 2015-06-18
    Robert J. Rovetto, An Ontological Architecture for Orbital Debris Data.
    The orbital debris problem presents an opportunity for inter-agency and international cooperation toward the mutually beneficial goals of debris prevention, mitigation, remediation, and improved space situational awareness (SSA). Achieving these goals requires sharing orbital debris and other SSA data. Toward this, I present an ontological architecture for the orbital debris and broader SSA domain, taking steps in the creation of an orbital debris ontology (ODO). The purpose of this ontological system is to (I) represent general orbital debris and SSA domain (...)
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  41. added 2015-06-18
    Jana Samland & Michael Waldmann (forthcoming). Highlighting the Causal Meaning of Causal Test Questions in Contexts of Norm Violations. Proceedings of the Cognitive Science Society.
    Experiments have shown that prescriptive norms often influence causal inferences. The reason for this effect is still not clear. One problem of the studies is that the term ‘cause’ in the test questions is ambiguous and can refer to both the causal mechanism and the agent’s accountability. Possibly subjects interpreted the causal test question as a request to assess accountability rather than causality. Scenarios that put more stress on the causal mechanism should therefore yield no norm effect. Consequently, Experiment 1 (...)
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  42. added 2015-06-18
    Santiago Arango-Muñoz (forthcoming). Joëlle Proust: The Philosophy of Metacognition: Mental Agency and Self-Awareness. Minds and Machines:1-4.
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  43. added 2015-06-18
    Jason Dana & Clintin P. Davis-Stober (forthcoming). Rational Foundations of Fast and Frugal Heuristics: The Ecological Rationality of Strategy Selection Via Improper Linear Models. Minds and Machines:1-26.
    Research on “improper” linear models has shown that predetermined weighting schemes for the linear model, such as equally weighting all predictors, can be surprisingly accurate on cross-validation. We review recent advances that can characterize the optimal choice of an improper linear model. We extend this research to the understanding of fast and frugal heuristics, particularly to the ecologically rational goal of understanding in which task environments given heuristics are optimal. We demonstrate how to test this model using the Recognition Heuristic (...)
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  44. added 2015-06-18
    Richard Tieszen (forthcoming). Eidetic Results in Transcendental Phenomenology: Against Naturalization. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-27.
    In this paper I contrast Husserlian transcendental eidetic phenomenology with some other views of what phenomenology is supposed to be and argue that, as eidetic, it does not admit of being ‘naturalized’ in accordance with standard accounts of naturalization. The paper indicates what some of the eidetic results in phenomenology are and it links these to the employment of reason in philosophical investigation, as distinct from introspection, emotion or empirical observation. Eidetic phenomenology, unlike cognitive science, should issue in a ‘logic’ (...)
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  45. added 2015-06-18
    Paul D. Thorn (forthcoming). Nick Bostrom: Superintelligence: Paths, Dangers, Strategies. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines:1-5.
  46. added 2015-06-18
    Alberto Giubilini (2015). Normality, Therapy, and Enhancement - What Should Bioconservatives Say About the Medicalization of Love? Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 24 (3):347-354.
    According to human enhancement advocates, it is morally permissible (and sometimes obligatory) to use biomedical means to modulate or select certain biological traits in order to increase people’s welfare, even when there is no pathology to be treated or prevented. Some authors have recently proposed to extend the use of biomedical means to modulate lust, attraction, and attachment. I focus on some conceptual implications of this proposal, particularly with regard to bioconservatives’ understanding of the notions of therapy and enhancement I (...)
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  47. added 2015-06-17
    Takahiro Osumi & Hideki Ohira (2010). The Positive Side of Psychopathy: Emotional Detachment in Psychopathy and Rational Decision-Making in the Ultimatum Game. Personality and Individual Differences 49:451–456.
    An emotional deficit in individuals with psychopathy has been regarded as a potential factor in the disinhibition of selfish behaviors, which can be an impediment to a successful life in human society. However, recent studies in the field of economics have made clear that emotional function is associated with irrational decision-making. In the present study, to test whether psychopathy may have a positive aspect in a social setting, we examined the decision-making of college students with high and low tendencies for (...)
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  48. added 2015-06-16
    Wai-Tat Fu (forthcoming). The Central Role of Heuristic Search in Cognitive Computation Systems. Minds and Machines:1-21.
    This paper focuses on the relation of heuristic search and level of intelligence in cognitive computation systems. The paper begins with a review of the fundamental properties of a cognitive computation system, which is defined generally as a control system that generates goal-directed actions in response to environmental inputs and constraints. An important property of cognitive computations is the need to process local cues in symbol structures to access and integrate distal knowledge to generate a response. To deal with uncertainties (...)
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  49. added 2015-06-15
    Ingar Brinck (forthcoming). Understanding Social Norms and Constitutive Rules: Perspectives From Developmental Psychology and Philosophy. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-20.
    An experimental paradigm that purports to test young children’s understanding of social norms is examined. The paradigm models norms on Searle’s notion of a constitutive rule. The experiments and the reasons provided for their design are discussed. It is argued that the experiments do not provide direct evidence about the development of social norms and that the concepts of a social norm and constitutive rule are distinct. The experimental data are re-interpreted, and suggestions for how to deal with the present (...)
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  50. added 2015-06-14
    Lorenza S. Colzato, Roberta Sellaro, Iliana Samara & Bernhard Hommel (2015). Meditation-Induced Cognitive-Control States Regulate Response-Conflict Adaptation: Evidence From Trial-to-Trial Adjustments in the Simon Task. Consciousness and Cognition 35:110-114.
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1 — 50 / 306