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Philosophy of Cognitive Science

Edited by Gualtiero Piccinini (University of Missouri St. Louis)
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  1. added 2014-12-18
    Gabriel Vacariu, Unbelievable Similarities Between Northoff's Ideas (2011-2014) and Vacariu's Ideas (2005-2008).
    Many ideas from Georg Nortoff’s works (published one paper in 2010, mainly his book in 2011, other papers in 2012, 2103, 2014, especially those related to Kant’s philosophy and the notion of the “observer”, the mind-brain problem, default mode network, the self, the mental states and their “correspondence” to the brain) are surprisingly very similar to my ideas published in my article from 2002, 2005 and my book from 2008. In two papers from 2002 (also my paper from 2005 and (...)
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  2. added 2014-12-16
    Nikil Mukerji (2014). Why Moral Philosophers Should Watch Sci-Fi Movies. In Fiorella Battaglia & Nathalie Weidenfeld (eds.), Roboethics in Film. Pisa University Press. 79-92.
    In this short piece, I explore why we, as moral philosophers, should watch sci-fi movies. Though I do not believe that sci-fi material is ne- cessary for doing good moral philosophy, I give three broad reasons why good sci-fi movies should nevertheless be worth our time. These reasons lie in the fact that they can illustrate moral-philosophical pro- blems, probe into possible solutions and, perhaps most importantly, an- ticipate new issues that may go along with the use of new technologies. (...)
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  3. added 2014-12-14
    John Toner, Barbara Gail Montero & Aidan Moran (forthcoming). Considering the Role of Cognitive Control in Expert Performance. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-18.
    Dreyfus and Dreyfus’ influential phenomenological analysis of skill acquisition proposes that expert performance is guided by non-cognitive responses which are fast, effortless and apparently intuitive in nature. Although this model has been criticised for over-emphasising the role that intuition plays in facilitating skilled performance, it does recognise that on occasions a form of ‘detached deliberative rationality’ may be used by experts to improve their performance. However, Dreyfus and Dreyfus see no role for calculative problem solving or deliberation when performance is (...)
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  4. added 2014-12-12
    Lisa Bortolotti & Magdalena Antrobus (forthcoming). Costs and Benefits of Realism and Optimism. Current Opinion in Psychiatry.
    Purpose of review: What is the relationship between rationality and mental health? By considering the psychological literature on depressive realism and unrealistic optimism it was hypothesized that, in the context of judgments about the self, accurate cognitions are psychologically maladaptive and inaccurate cognitions are psychologically adaptive. Recent studies recommend being cautious in drawing any general conclusion about style of thinking and mental health. Recent findings: Recent investigations suggest that people with depressive symptoms are more accurate than controls in tasks involving (...)
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  5. added 2014-12-11
    Chad Engelland (forthcoming). Heidegger and the Human Difference. Journal of the American Philosophical Association 1.
  6. added 2014-12-11
    Lisa Bortolotti (forthcoming). Epistemic Benefits of Elaborated and Systematised Delusions in Schizophrenia. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science.
    In this paper I ask whether elaborated and systematised delusions emerging in the context of schizophrenia have the potential for epistemic innocence. I define epistemic innocence as the status of those cognitions that have significant epistemic benefits that could not be attained otherwise. In particular, I propose that a cognition is epistemically innocent if it delivers some significant epistemic benefit to a given agent at a given time; and if alternative cognitions delivering the same epistemic benefit are unavailable to that (...)
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  7. added 2014-12-11
    Angelos-Miltiadis Krypotos, Tom Beckers, Merel Kindt & Eric-Jan Wagenmakers (forthcoming). A Bayesian Hierarchical Diffusion Model Decomposition of Performance in Approach–Avoidance Tasks. Cognition and Emotion:1-21.
  8. added 2014-12-11
    Sam Wilkinson (2014). Accounting for the Phenomenology and Varieties of Auditory Verbal Hallucination Within a Predictive Processing Framework. Consciousness and Cognition 30:142-155.
    Two challenges that face popular self-monitoring theories (SMTs) of auditory verbal hallucination (AVH) are that they cannot account for the auditory phenomenology of AVHs and that they cannot account for their variety. In this paper I show that both challenges can be met by adopting a predictive processing framework (PPF), and by viewing AVHs as arising from abnormalities in predictive processing. I show how, within the PPF, both the auditory phenomenology of AVHs, and three subtypes of AVH, can be accounted (...)
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  9. added 2014-12-10
    Rolando Medellin-Gasque, Chris Reed & Vicki L. Hanson (forthcoming). Recommendations to Support Interaction with Broadcast Debates: A Study on Older Adults’ Interaction with The Moral Maze. AI and Society.
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  10. added 2014-12-10
    Jillian Craigie & Lisa Bortolotti, Rationality, Diagnosis and Patient Autonomy. Oxford Handbook Psychiatric Ethics.
    In this chapter, our focus is the role played by notions of rationality in the diagnosis of mental disorders, and in the practice of overriding patient autonomy in psychiatry. We describe and evaluate different hypotheses concerning the relationship between rationality and diagnosis, raising questions about what features underpin psychiatric categories. These questions reinforce widely held concerns about the use of diagnosis as a justification for overriding autonomy, which have motivated a shift to mental incapacity as an alternative justification. However, this (...)
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  11. added 2014-12-09
    Joshua Knobe (forthcoming). Philosophers Are Doing Something Different Now: Quantitative Data. Cognition.
    The philosophical study of mind in the twentieth century was dominated by a research program that used a priori methods to address foundational questions. Since that time, however, the philosophical study of mind has undergone a dramatic shift. To provide a more accurate picture of contemporary philosophical work, I compared a sample of highly cited philosophy papers from the past five years with a sample of highly cited philosophy papers from the twentieth century. In the twentieth century sample, the majority (...)
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  12. added 2014-12-09
    Matthew Parrott (forthcoming). Bayesian Models, Delusional Beliefs, and Epistemic Possibilities. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axu036.
    The Capgras delusion is a condition in which a person believes that an imposter has replaced some close friend or relative. Recent theorists have appealed to Bayesianism to help explain both why a subject with the Capgras delusion adopts this delusional belief and why it persists despite counter-evidence. The Bayesian approach is useful for addressing these questions; however, the main proposal of this essay is that Capgras subjects also have a delusional conception of epistemic possibility, more specifically, they think more (...)
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  13. added 2014-12-08
    Hilla Jacobson-Horowitz (2010). . Normativity Without Reflectivity: On the Beliefs and Desires of Non-Reflective Creatures. Philosophical Psychology 23:75-93.
    The view (held, e.g., by Davidson) that the having of beliefs and desires presupposes the having of reflective capacities is sometimes supported by appealing to the idea that the concept of belief is a concept of a mental state which involves a normative aspect: beliefs can be “successful” or “unsuccessful” from the perspective of their possessors, and sometimes discarded in light of their “failure.” This naturally invites the idea that believers must be capable of reflecting on their beliefs. Desires presuppose (...)
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  14. added 2014-12-06
    Marlon Mooijman & Wilco W. Van Dijk (forthcoming). The Self in Moral Judgement: How Self-Affirmation Affects the Moral Condemnation of Harmless Sexual Taboo Violations. Cognition and Emotion:1-9.
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  15. added 2014-12-06
    Andreas Voss & Christiane Schwieren (forthcoming). The Dynamics of Motivated Perception: Effects of Control and Status on the Perception of Ambivalent Stimuli. Cognition and Emotion:1-13.
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  16. added 2014-12-06
    Rebecca Webb & Susan Ayers (forthcoming). Cognitive Biases in Processing Infant Emotion by Women with Depression, Anxiety and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Pregnancy or After Birth: A Systematic Review. Cognition and Emotion:1-17.
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  17. added 2014-12-06
    Vadim Axelrod, Moshe Bar & Geraint Rees (forthcoming). Exploring the Unconscious Using Faces. Trends in Cognitive Sciences.
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  18. added 2014-12-04
    Thomas T. Hills, Peter M. Todd, David Lazer, A. David Redish & Iain D. Couzin (forthcoming). Exploration Versus Exploitation in Space, Mind, and Society. Trends in Cognitive Sciences.
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  19. added 2014-12-03
    John R. Hibbing, Kevin B. Smith, Johnathan C. Peterson & Balazs Feher (2014). The Deeper Sources of Political Conflict: Evidence From the Psychological, Cognitive, and Neuro-Sciences. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (3):111-113.
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  20. added 2014-12-01
    J. Adam Carter, Emma C. Gordon & S. Orestis Palermos (forthcoming). Extended Emotion. Philosophical Psychology.
    Recent thinking within philosophy of mind about the ways cognition can extend (e.g. Clark 2011; Clark & Chalmers 1998; Wilson 2000, 2004; Menary 2006) has yet to be integrated with philosophical theories of emotion, which give cognition a central role. We carve out new ground at the intersection of these areas, and in doing so, defend what we call the extended emotion thesis: i.e., the claim that some emotions can extend beyond skin and skull to parts of the external world.
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  21. added 2014-12-01
    Michael A. Cerullo (forthcoming). Uploading and Branching Identity. Minds and Machines:1-20.
    If a brain is uploaded into a computer, will consciousness continue in digital form or will it end forever when the brain is destroyed? Philosophers have long debated such dilemmas and classify them as questions about personal identity. There are currently three main theories of personal identity: biological, psychological, and closest continuer theories. None of these theories can successfully address the questions posed by the possibility of uploading. I will argue that uploading requires us to adopt a new theory of (...)
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  22. added 2014-11-29
    Marijana Vujošević (forthcoming). Conscience as the Rational Deficit of Psychopaths. Philosophical Psychology:1-22.
    I develop here a Kantian framework for understanding conscience in order to examine whether moral flaws of psychopaths are traceable to their dysfunctional conscience. When understood as the reflective capacity for moral self-assessment that triggers certain emotional reactions, conscience proves to be a fruitful tool for explaining psychopathic moral incompetence. First, I show how the unrealistic moral self-assessment of psychopaths affects their competence in judging moral issues and in being motivated to act morally. I then highlight how focusing on this (...)
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  23. added 2014-11-28
    Guillaume Beaulac (2014). Language, Mind, and Cognitive Science: Remarks on Theories of the Language-Cognition Relationships in Human Minds. Dissertation, University of Western Ontario
    My dissertation establishes the basis for a systematic outlook on the role language plays in human cognition. It is an investigation based on a cognitive conception of language, as opposed to communicative conceptions, viz. those that suppose that language plays no role in cognition (its only role being to externalize thought). I focus, in Chapter 2, on three paradigmatic theories adopting this perspective, each offering different views on how language contributes to or changes cognition. -/- In Chapter 3, I criticize (...)
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  24. added 2014-11-28
    Hubert Dreyfus (1992). What Computers Still Can't Do. MIT Press.
    A Critique of Artificial Reason Hubert L. Dreyfus . HUBERT L. DREYFUS What Computers Still Can't Do Thi s One XZKQ-GSY-8KDG What. WHAT COMPUTERS STILL CAN'T DO Front Cover.
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  25. added 2014-11-22
    Ema Sullivan-Bissett (forthcoming). Implicit Bias, Confabulation, and Epistemic Innocence. Consciousness and Cognition.
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  26. added 2014-11-22
    Jakob Hohwy (forthcoming). Prediction Error Minimization, Mental and Developmental Disorder, and Statistical Theories of Consciousness. In Rocco Gennaro (ed.), Disturbed Consciousness: New Essays on Psychopathology and Theories of Consciousness. MIT Press.
    This chapter seeks to recover an approach to consciousness from a general theory of brain function, namely the prediction error minimization theory. The way this theory applies to mental and developmental disorder demonstrates its relevance to consciousness. The resulting view is discussed in relation to a contemporary theory of consciousness, namely the idea that conscious perception depends on Bayesian metacognition; this theory is also supported by considerations of psychopathology. This Bayesian theory is first disconnected from the higher-order thought theory, and (...)
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  27. added 2014-11-20
    Jeffrey White, Autonomous Reboot: The Challenges of Artificial Moral Agency and the Ends of Machine Ethics.
    Ryan Tonkens (2009) has issued a seemingly impossible challenge, to articulate a comprehensive ethical framework within which artificial moral agents (AMAs) satisfy a Kantian inspired recipe - both "rational" and "free" - while also satisfying perceived prerogatives of Machine Ethics to create AMAs that are perfectly, not merely reliably, ethical. Challenges for machine ethicists have also been presented by Anthony Beavers and Wendell Wallach, who have pushed for the reinvention of traditional ethics in order to avoid "ethical nihilism" due to (...)
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  28. added 2014-11-20
    Elena Clare Cuffari, Ezequiel Di Paolo & Hanne De Jaegher (forthcoming). From Participatory Sense-Making to Language: There and Back Again. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-37.
    The enactive approach to cognition distinctively emphasizes autonomy, adaptivity, agency, meaning, experience, and interaction. Taken together, these principles can provide the new sciences of language with a comprehensive philosophical framework: languaging as adaptive social sense-making. This is a refinement and advancement on Maturana’s idea of languaging as a manner of living. Overcoming limitations in Maturana’s initial formulation of languaging is one of three motivations for this paper. Another is to give a response to skeptics who challenge enactivism to connect “lower-level” (...)
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  29. added 2014-11-20
    Jeffrey White (201?). An Information Processing Model of Psychopathy. In Unknown (ed.), moral psychology. Nova. 1-53.
    Psychopathy is increasingly in the public eye. However, it is yet to be fully and effectively understood. Within the context of the DSM-IV, for example, it is best regarded as a complex family of disorders. The upside is that this family can be tightly related along common dimensions. Characteristic marks of psychopaths include a lack of guilt and remorse for paradigm case immoral actions, leading to the common conception of psychopathy rooted in affective dysfunctions. An adequate portrait of psychopathy is (...)
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  30. added 2014-11-20
    Jeffrey White (2013). Models of Moral Cognition. In Lorenzo Magnani (ed.), Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Technology, 1. springer. last 20.
    3 Abstract This paper is about modeling morality, with a proposal as to the best 4 way to do it. There is the small problem, however, in continuing disagreements 5 over what morality actually is, and so what is worth modeling. This paper resolves 6 this problem around an understanding of the purpose of a moral model, and from 7 this purpose approaches the best way to model morality.
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  31. added 2014-11-19
    Renatas Berniunas & Vilius Dranseika (forthcoming). Folk Concepts of Person and Identity: A Response to Nichols and Bruno. Philosophical Psychology.
    In a paper in Philosophical Psychology, Nichols & Bruno (2010) claim that the folk judge that psychological continuity is necessary for personal identity. In this article we attempt to evaluate this claim. First, we argue that it is likely that in thinking about hypothetical cases of transformations folk do not use a unitary concept of personal identity but rely on different concepts of a person and of identity of an individual. Identity can be ascribed even when post-transformation individuals are no (...)
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  32. added 2014-11-18
    Hannes Rakoczy (forthcoming). Comparative Metaphysics: The Development of Representing Natural and Normative Regularities in Human and Non-Human Primates. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-15.
    How do human children come up to carve up and think of the world around them in its most general and abstract structure? And to which degree are these general forms of viewing the world shared by other animals, notably by non-human primates? In response to these questions of what could be called comparative metaphysics, this paper discusses new evidence from developmental and comparative research to argue for the following picture: human children and non-human primates share a basic framework of (...)
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  33. added 2014-11-17
    Richard Brown (2014). Consciousness Doesn't Overflow Cognition. Frontiers in Psychology 5 (1399):doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01399.
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  34. added 2014-11-17
    Jacques-Alain Miller (ed.) (2012). Scilicet: L'Ordre Symbolique au Xxie Siècle: Il N'est Plus Ce Qu'il Était: Quelles Conséquences Pour la Cure: Viiie Congrès, Association Mondiale de Psychanalyse. École de la Cause Freudienne.
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  35. added 2014-11-17
    Geert Keil (1998). Was Roboter nicht können. Die Roboterantwort als knapp misslungene Verteidigung der starken KI-These. In Andreas Engel Peter Gold (ed.), Der Mensch in der Perspektive der Kognitionswissenschaften. 98-131.
    Theoretiker der Künstlichen Intelligenz und deren Wegbegleiter in der Philosophie des Geistes haben auf unterschiedliche Weise auf Kritik am ursprünglichen Theorieziel der KI reagiert. Eine dieser Reaktionen ist die Zurücknahme dieses Theorieziels zugunsten der Verfolgung kleinerformatiger Projekte. Eine andere Reaktion ist die Propagierung konnektionistischer Systeme, die mit ihrer dezentralen Arbeitsweise die neuronalen Netze des menschlichen Gehirns besser simulieren sollen. Eine weitere ist die sogenannte robot reply. Die Roboterantwort besteht aus zwei Elementen. Sie enthält (a) das Zugeständnis, daß das Systemverhalten eines (...)
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  36. added 2014-11-16
    Marsha Hewitt (2014). Freud on Religion. Acumen.
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  37. added 2014-11-16
    Elizabeth R. Valentine (2014). Philosophy and History of Psychology: Selected Works of Elizabeth Valentine. Psychology Press, Taylor & Francis Group.
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  38. added 2014-11-16
    Richard Sugg (2013). The Secret History of the Soul: Physiology, Magic and Spirit Forces From Homer to St. Paul. Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
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  39. added 2014-11-16
    Beate Steiner, Jan Assmann & Leon Wurmser (eds.) (2013). Der "Innere Richter" Im Einzelnen Und in der Kultur: Klinische, Soziokulturelle Und Literaturwissenschaftliche Perspektiven: Leon Wurmser Zum 80. Geburtstag. Psychosozial-Verlag.
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  40. added 2014-11-15
    M. Maurer (2014). Why We Need a Pragmatic View on Reality and the Media. Constructivist Foundations 10 (1):152-153.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Do the Media Fail to Represent Reality? A Constructivist and Second-order Critique of the Research on Environmental Media Coverage and Its Normative Implications” by Julia Völker & Armin Scholl. Upshot: In their paper, Völker and Scholl use one of my studies as an example of an objectivist research strategy, which they criticize. In this reply, I am trying to introduce a pragmatic perspective on the comparison of real-world indicators and media content. Moreover, I explain (...)
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  41. added 2014-11-15
    H. F. Alrøe & E. Noe (2014). Authors’ Response: A Perspectivist View on the Perspectivist View of Interdisciplinary Science. Constructivist Foundations 10 (1):88-95.
    Upshot: In our response we focus on five questions that point to important common themes in the commentaries: why start in wicked problems, what kind of system is a scientific perspective, what is the nature of second-order research processes, what does this mean for understanding interdisciplinary work, and how may polyocular research help make real-world decisions.
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  42. added 2014-11-15
    M. A. Notturno (2014). Do We Need a Second-Order Science? Constructivist Foundations 10 (1):23-26.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Second-Order Science: Logic, Strategies, Methods” by Stuart A. Umpleby. Upshot: This article argues that we do not need a new scientific method or a “second-order science” to deal with the facts that the individual characteristics of observers may affect the nature and quality of their observations and that the application of scientific theories may affect the systems they describe. It also argues that Umpleby has not given us good reason to think that we do.
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  43. added 2014-11-15
    E. Balsemão Pires (2014). Systemic-Internal and Theoretical Views on Second-Order Observations. Constructivist Foundations 10 (1):56-58.
    Open peer commentary on the article “The Circular Conditions of Second-order Science Sporadically Illustrated with Agent-based Experiments at the Roots of Observation” by Manfred Füllsack. Upshot: I address Füllsack’s main conclusions in his article regarding the meaning of second-order observations. Especially envisaged are the epistemological and ontological difficulties raised by his scrutiny of the merging between systemic-internal conditions of second-order reflexivity and the thematic-theoretical accounts of selection, intentionality and purposiveness in evolutionary systems.
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  44. added 2014-11-15
    S. A. J. Stuart (2014). The Enkinaesthetic Betwixt. Constructivist Foundations 10 (1):109-111.
    Open peer commentary on the article “The Uroboros of Consciousness: Between the Naturalisation of Phenomenology and the Phenomenologisation of Nature” by Sebastjan Vörös. Upshot: Vörös proposes that we phenomenologise nature and, whilst I agree with the spirit and direction of his proposal, the 4EA framework, on which he bases his project, is too conservative and is, therefore, unsatisfactory. I present an alternative framework, an enkinaesthetic field, and suggest further ways in which we might explore a non-dichotomised “betwixt” and begin to (...)
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  45. added 2014-11-15
    A. Ciaunica (2014). Putting Phenomenology to Work “Seriously”- Deep Brain Stimulation and Mental Disorders. Constructivist Foundations 10 (1):105-106.
    Open peer commentary on the article “The Uroboros of Consciousness: Between the Naturalisation of Phenomenology and the Phenomenologisation of Nature” by Sebastjan Vörös. Upshot: I present a concrete example of how phenomenology might “seriously” contribute to our understanding of certain aspects of the human mind, by drawing on recent research in psychopathology.
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  46. added 2014-11-15
    S. A. Umpleby (2014). Second-Order Science: Logic, Strategies, Methods. Constructivist Foundations 10 (1):16-23.
    Context: Philosophy of science is the branch of philosophy that deals with methods, foundations, and implications of science. It is a theory of how to create scientific knowledge. Presently, there is widespread agreement on how to do science, namely conjectures, ideally in the form of a mathematical model, and refutations, testing the model using empirical evidence. Problem: Many social scientists are using a conception of science created for the physical sciences. Expanding philosophy of science so that it more successfully encompasses (...)
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  47. added 2014-11-15
    M. Füllsack (2014). Author’s Response: Verbal Limitations of Observer-Inclusion. Constructivist Foundations 10 (1):62-64.
    Upshot: I present reflections on the particularities of second-order science in response to the commentaries on my paper, as well as comments on the limitations of verbal analytical attempts to grasp the implicit circularity of observer-inclusion.
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  48. added 2014-11-15
    M. R. Herbers (2014). Do the Media Fail to Represent Reality? It Depends. Constructivist Foundations 10 (1):155-156.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Do the Media Fail to Represent Reality? A Constructivist and Second-order Critique of the Research on Environmental Media Coverage and Its Normative Implications” by Julia Völker & Armin Scholl. Upshot: The commentary aims to amend Völker and Scholl’s argumentation. Some points should be reconsidered, such as the object of communication research, types of media that are scrutinized and a broader theoretical background.
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  49. added 2014-11-15
    J. Völker & A. Scholl (2014). Do the Media Fail to Represent Reality? A Constructivist and Second-Order Critique of the Research on Environmental Media Coverage and Its Normative Implications. Constructivist Foundations 10 (1):140-149.
    Problem: First-order scientific research is often not aware of the hidden assumptions provided by an epistemological perspective based upon realism. Beyond philosophical considerations about the epistemological foundations, some practical normative implications deriving from them are crucial: in the field of communication and media studies, some scholars criticize media coverage, e.g., on climate change, as biased and distorted from reality. Method: From a constructivist perspective, the article presents a detailed meta-analysis of the course of argumentation provided by two empirical communication studies (...)
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  50. added 2014-11-15
    J. J. Hu (2014). New Challenges to New Science. Constructivist Foundations 10 (1):26-28.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Second-Order Science: Logic, Strategies, Methods” by Stuart A. Umpleby. Upshot: The humanities are gaining a new self-awareness of the role of observers who develop theories, and of the interplays between the theories and the system being studied. This article follows up the target paper with extended challenging questions, inviting more discussion.
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