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Philosophy of Cognitive Science

Edited by Gualtiero Piccinini (University of Missouri, St. Louis)
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  1. added 2016-09-26
    Alex Madva (forthcoming). A Plea for Anti-Anti-Individualism: How Oversimple Psychology Misleads Social Policy. Ergo, an Open Access Journal of Philosophy.
    This essay responds to the criticism that contemporary efforts to redress discrimination and inequality are overly individualistic. Critics of individualism emphasize that these systemic social ills stem not from the prejudice, irrationality, or selfishness of individuals, but from underlying structural-institutional forces. They are skeptical, therefore, of attempts to change individuals’ attitudes while leaving structural problems intact. I argue that the insistence on prioritizing structural over individual change is problematic and misleading. My view is not that we should instead prioritize individual (...)
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  2. added 2016-09-25
    Nick Chater & Rebecca F. Schwarzlose (forthcoming). Thinking About Thinking: 28 Years On. Trends in Cognitive Sciences.
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  3. added 2016-09-25
    Nancy Nyquist Potter (2016). The Virtue of Defiance and Psychiatric Engagement. Oxford University Press.
    The Virtue of Defiance and Psychiatric Engagement argues that defiance sometimes is a virtue even for those with mental illnesses. It also argues that defiance is sometimes mistaken as a sign of mental disorder when it may have other, reasonable explanations. This book offers a nuanced and complex look at defiance, taking seriously issues of mental disorders while also attending to social contexts in which defiant behaviour may arise. Arguments are presented for how to understand defiance as different from noncompliance, (...)
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  4. added 2016-09-24
    Allan Køster (forthcoming). Narrative and Embodiment – a Scalar Approach. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-16.
    Recent work on the relation between narrative and selfhood has emphasized embodiment as an indispensable foundation for selfhood. This has occasioned an interesting debate on the relation between embodiment and narrative. In this paper, I attempt to mediate the range of conflicting intuitions within the debate by proposing a scalar approach to narrative and an accompanying concept of a split-self. Drawing on theoretical developments from contemporary narratology, I argue that we need to move away from a binary understanding of narrative (...)
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  5. added 2016-09-24
    James Andow (forthcoming). Qualitative Tools and Experimental Philosophy. Philosophical Psychology:1-14.
    Experimental philosophy brings empirical methods to philosophy. These methods are used to probe how people think about philosophically interesting things such as knowledge, morality, and freedom. This paper explores the contribution that qualitative methods have to make in this enterprise. I argue that qualitative methods have the potential to make a much greater contribution than they have so far. Along the way, I acknowledge a few types of resistance that proponents of qualitative methods in experimental philosophy might encounter, and provide (...)
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  6. added 2016-09-23
    James Bardis (forthcoming). Education: A Psychomorphology of Liberation. Journal of Contemplative Enquiry.
    This paper re-examines the foundationary principles of education in the context of fragmentary consciousness and disembodied practice as inspired by the dialogues on these themes of J. Krishnamurti and David Bohm and supported by recent scientific evidence from a variety of fields.
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  7. added 2016-09-23
    Antonio Lieto, Antonio Chella & Marcello Frixione (forthcoming). Conceptual Spaces for Cognitive Architectures: A Lingua Franca for Different Levels of Representation. Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures.
    During the last decades, many cognitive architectures (CAs) have been realized adopting different assumptions about the organization and the representation of their knowledge level. Some of them (e.g. SOAR [35]) adopt a classical symbolic approach, some (e.g. LEABRA[ 48]) are based on a purely connectionist model, while others (e.g. CLARION [59]) adopt a hybrid approach combining connectionist and symbolic representational levels. Additionally, some attempts (e.g. biSOAR) trying to extend the representational capacities of CAs by integrating diagrammatical representations and reasoning are (...)
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  8. added 2016-09-23
    J. Adam Carter & S. Orestis Palermos (forthcoming). The Ethics of Extended Cognition: Is Having Your Computer Compromised a Personal Assault? Journal of the American Philosophical Association.
    Philosophy of mind and cognitive science (e.g., Clark and Chalmers 1998; Clark 2010; Palermos 2014) have recently become increasingly receptive tothe hypothesis of extended cognition, according to which external artifacts such as our laptops and smartphones can—under appropriate circumstances—feature as material realisers of a person’s cognitive processes. We argue that, to the extent that the hypothesis of extended cognition is correct, our legal and ethical theorising and practice must be updated, by broadening our conception of personal assault so as to (...)
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  9. added 2016-09-23
    Antonio Lieto, Daniele Radicioni & Valentina Rho (forthcoming). Dual PECCS: A Cognitive System for Conceptual Representation and Categorization. Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence.
    In this article we present an advanced version of Dual-PECCS, a cognitively-inspired knowledge representation and reasoning system aimed at extending the capabilities of artificial systems in conceptual categorization tasks. It combines different sorts of common-sense categorization (prototypical and exemplars-based categorization) with standard monotonic categorization procedures. These different types of inferential procedures are reconciled according to the tenets coming from the dual process theory of reasoning. On the other hand, from a representational perspective, the system relies on the hypothesis of conceptual (...)
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  10. added 2016-09-23
    Antonio Lieto & Daniele Radicioni (2016). From Human to Artificial Cognition and Back: New Perspectives on Cognitively Inspired AI Systems. Cognitive Systems Research 39 (c):1-3.
    We overview the main historical and technological elements characterising the rise, the fall and the recent renaissance of the cognitive approaches to Artificial Intelligence and provide some insights and suggestions about the future directions and challenges that, in our opinion, this discipline needs to face in the next years.
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  11. added 2016-09-23
    Antonio Lieto & Fabiana Vernero (2014). Influencing the Others’ Minds: An Experimental Evaluation of the Use and Efficacy of Fallacious-Reducible Arguments in Web and Mobile Technologies. PsychNology Journa 12 (3):87-105.
    The research in Human Computer Interaction (HCI) has nowadays extended its attention to the study of persuasive technologies. Following this line of research, in this paper we focus on websites and mobile applications in the e-commerce domain. In particular, we take them as an evident example of persuasive technologies. Starting from the hypothesis that there is a strong connection between logical fallacies, i.e., forms of reasoning which are logically invalid but psychologically persuasive, and some common persuasion strategies adopted within these (...)
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  12. added 2016-09-22
    Joe Cunningham (forthcoming). Modest Nonconceptualism: Epistemology, Phenomenology, and Content. Philosophical Psychology:1-3.
    This review provides an overview of Eva Schmidt's impressively thorough and detailed book on the Conceptualist/Nonconceptualist debate in the philosophy of perception, and briefly sketches two objections to Schmidt. First, I suggest that a certain dilemma for the Conceptualist Schmidt raises in the context of her discussion of the fineness of grain argument is surmountable. Second, I question whether Schmidt's response to the epistemological motivation for Conceptualism is sound.
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  13. added 2016-09-22
    James Bardis (forthcoming). Memory and Mimesis. Heythrop Journal.
    "Memory and Mimesis" commence par une réflexion sur la relation entre l'esprit et la mémoire invoqué par un scénario quotidien de la vie d'un père jouant avec sa fille âgée d'un an dans un bistrot et extrapole, a partir de cette relation, une parallèle relation entre psychologie de l'enfant et de l'évolution humaine en termes du «développement» des formes peu profondes de la mémoire au détriment d'une mémoire plus profonde et primale incorporée dans un esprit non- épiphenominal. -/- -/- L'étude (...)
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  14. added 2016-09-21
    Luke Kersten (2015). Music and Cognitive Extension. Empirical Musicology Review:193-202.
    Extended cognition holds that cognitive processes sometimes leak into the world (Dawson, 2013). A recent trend among proponents of extended cognition has been to put pressure on phenomena thought to be safe havens for internalists (Sneddon, 2011; Wilson, 2010; Wilson & Lenart, 2014). This paper attempts to continue this trend by arguing that music perception is an extended phenomenon. It is claimed that because music perception involves the detection of musical invariants within an “acoustic array”, the interaction between the auditory (...)
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  15. added 2016-09-21
    Luke Kersten (2015). Music and Cognitive Extension. Empirical Musicology Review:193-202.
    Extended cognition holds that cognitive processes sometimes leak into the world (Dawson, 2013). A recent trend among proponents of extended cognition has been to put pressure on phenomena thought to be safe havens for internalists (Sneddon, 2011; Wilson, 2010; Wilson & Lenart, 2014). This paper attempts to continue this trend by arguing that music perception is an extended phenomenon. It is claimed that because music perception involves the detection of musical invariants within an “acoustic array”, the interaction between the auditory (...)
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  16. added 2016-09-21
    Luke Kersten (2015). Music and Cognitive Extension. Empirical Musicology Review:193-202.
    Extended cognition holds that cognitive processes sometimes leak into the world (Dawson, 2013). A recent trend among proponents of extended cognition has been to put pressure on phenomena thought to be safe havens for internalists (Sneddon, 2011; Wilson, 2010; Wilson & Lenart, 2014). This paper attempts to continue this trend by arguing that music perception is an extended phenomenon. It is claimed that because music perception involves the detection of musical invariants within an “acoustic array”, the interaction between the auditory (...)
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  17. added 2016-09-18
    Michael R. Starks, Seeing With the Two Systems of Thought—a Review of ‘Seeing Things As They Are: A Theory of Perception’ by John Searle (2015).
    As so often in philosophy, the title not only lays down the battle line but exposes the author’s biases and mistakes, since whether or not we can make sense of the language game ‘Seeing things as they are’ and whether it’s possible to have a ‘philosophical’ ‘theory of perception’ (which can only be about how the language of perception works), as opposed to a scientific one, which is a theory about how the brain works, are exactly the issues. This is (...)
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  18. added 2016-09-18
    James Andow (2016). Qualitative Tools and Experimental Philosophy. Philosophical Psychology:1-14.
    Experimental philosophy brings empirical methods to philosophy. These methods are used to probe how people think about philosophically interesting things such as knowledge, morality, and freedom. This paper explores the contribution that qualitative methods have to make in this enterprise. I argue that qualitative methods have the potential to make a much greater contribution than they have so far. Along the way, I acknowledge a few types of resistance that proponents of qualitative methods in experimental philosophy might encounter, and provide (...)
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  19. added 2016-09-17
    Assaf Weksler (forthcoming). Attention to Mental Paint and Change Detection. Philosophical Studies:1-17.
    According to the influential thesis of attentional transparency, in having or reflecting on an ordinary visual experience, we can attend only outwards, to qualities the experience represents, never to intrinsic qualities of the experience itself, i.e., to “mental paint.” According to the competing view, attentional semitransparency, although we usually attend outwards, to qualities the experience represents, we can also attend inwards, to mental paint. So far, philosophers have debated this topic in strictly armchair means, especially phenomenological reflection. My aim in (...)
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  20. added 2016-09-17
    Carlos Teodoro J. H. Irigaray, Pierre Girard, Maíra Irigaray & Carolina Joana da Silva (2016). AyahuascaandSumak Kawsay: Challenges to the Implementation of the Principle of “Buen Vivir,” Religious Freedom, and Cultural Heritage Protection. Anthropology of Consciousness 27 (2):204-225.
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  21. added 2016-09-17
    Christina Callicott (2016). Introduction to the Special Issue: Ayahuasca, Plant‐Based Spirituality, and the Future of Amazonia. Anthropology of Consciousness 27 (2):113-120.
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  22. added 2016-09-17
    Evgenia Fotiou (2016). The Globalization of Ayahuasca Shamanism and the Erasure of Indigenous Shamanism. Anthropology of Consciousness 27 (2):151-179.
    Ayahuasca is a hallucinogenic plant mixture used in a ceremonial context throughout western Amazonia, and its use has expanded globally in recent decades. As part of this expansion, ayahuasca has become popular among westerners who travel to the Peruvian Amazon in increasing numbers to experience its reportedly healing and transformative effects. Drawing from ethnographic fieldwork in and around the area of Iquitos, Peru, the epicenter of ayahuasca tourism, this paper focuses on some of the problematic aspects of western engagement with (...)
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  23. added 2016-09-17
    Raven Renèe Ray & Kerry S. Lassiter (2016). Ayahuasca Treatment Center Safety for the Western Seeker. Anthropology of Consciousness 27 (2):121-150.
    Ayahuasca, an ancient Amazonian psychedelic tea traditionally used ceremonially among indigenous peoples, has recently become known as a possible treatment for a wide range of disorders. The awareness of this sacred medicine has grown exponentially over the past decade, attracting westerners from a wide variety of backgrounds, hoping to find treatment for a myriad of emotional and physical illnesses, as well as spiritual needs. In the wake of the commercialization and westernization of the use of ayahuasca, and the subsequent proliferation (...)
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  24. added 2016-09-17
    Carlos Teodoro J. H. Irigaray, Pierre Girard, Maíra Irigaray & Carolina Joana Silva (2016). Ayahuasca and Sumak Kawsay: Challenges to the Implementation of the Principle of “Buen Vivir,” Religious Freedom, and Cultural Heritage Protection. Anthropology of Consciousness 27 (2):204-225.
    The current environmental crisis can be approached, through many perspectives, as a civilizational crisis. Alternatives of human transcendence are identified in the Inca civilization to compensate for the malaise that characterizes the actual crisis. There is a multicultural dimension to the manifestations of Hoasca occurring in Amazonian countries. As employed by the Beneficent Spiritist Center União do Vegetal in a religious context, it can contribute to the reconstruction of buen vivir, which served as the principle of the civilizations that preceded (...)
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  25. added 2016-09-17
    Esther Jean Langdon (2016). The Revitalization of Yajé Shamanism Among the Siona: Strategies of Survival in Historical Context. Anthropology of Consciousness 27 (2):180-203.
    This article outlines the transformations of yajé shamanism among the Siona Indians of the Northwest Amazon Basin of Colombia. The shaman's role and the political and sacred use of yajé rituals have changed since colonial times and can be seen as a result of adaptive strategies for survival. This study examines the factors that have contributed to the current revitalization due to state and popular representations of the ecological and wise Indian. Although Gow and Taussig argue that ayahuasca shamanism in (...)
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  26. added 2016-09-16
    Simon Fitzpatrick (forthcoming). Against Morgan's Canon. In Kristin Andrews & Jacob Beck (eds.), Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Animal Minds. Routledge
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  27. added 2016-09-16
    Elizabeth F. Chua & Eliza Bliss-Moreau (2016). Knowing Your Heart and Your Mind: The Relationships Between Metamemory and Interoception. Consciousness and Cognition 45:146-158.
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  28. added 2016-09-16
    Hiroshi Miura & Yuji Itoh (2016). The Effect of the Feeling of Resolution and Recognition Performance on the Revelation Effect. Consciousness and Cognition 45:100-108.
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  29. added 2016-09-16
    Tine Holm, Dorthe Kirkegaard Thomsen & Vibeke Bliksted (2016). Life Story Chapters and Narrative Self-Continuity in Patients with Schizophrenia. Consciousness and Cognition 45:60-74.
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  30. added 2016-09-16
    So-An Lao, David Kissane & Graham Meadows (2016). Cognitive Effects of MBSR/MBCT: A Systematic Review of Neuropsychological Outcomes. Consciousness and Cognition 45:109-123.
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  31. added 2016-09-16
    Nicholas Shea & Chris D. Frith (2016). Dual-Process Theories and Consciousness: The Case for "Type Zero" Cognition. Neuroscience of Consciousness 2016:1-10.
    A step towards a theory of consciousness would be to characterise the effect of consciousness on information processing. One set of results suggests that the effect of consciousness is to interfere with computations that are optimally performed non-consciously. Another set of results suggests that conscious, system 2 processing is the home of norm-compliant computation. This is contrasted with system 1 processing, thought to be typically unconscious, which operates with useful but error-prone heuristics. -/- These results can be reconciled by separating (...)
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  32. added 2016-09-16
    Matthew Vess, Stephanie A. Leal, Russell T. Hoeldtke, Rebecca J. Schlegel & Joshua A. Hicks (2016). True Self-Alienation Positively Predicts Reports of Mindwandering. Consciousness and Cognition 45:89-99.
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  33. added 2016-09-16
    Chi-Ngai Cheung & Stella F. Lourenco (2016). The Associations Between Space and Order in Numerical and Non-Numerical Sequences. Consciousness and Cognition 45:124-134.
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  34. added 2016-09-16
    Shu Imaizumi, Tomohisa Asai & Shinichi Koyama (2016). Embodied Prosthetic Arm Stabilizes Body Posture, While Unembodied One Perturbs It. Consciousness and Cognition 45:75-88.
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  35. added 2016-09-16
    S. Sparks, M. Sidari, M. Lyons & A. Kritikos (2016). Pictures of You: Dot Stimuli Cause Motor Contagion in Presence of a Still Human Form. Consciousness and Cognition 45:135-145.
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  36. added 2016-09-15
    Karamjit S. Gill (forthcoming). Erratum To: Architect or Bee? Mike Cooley: The Human Spirit. AI and Society.
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  37. added 2016-09-15
    Rick Grush, Some Puzzles Concerning Relations Between Minds, Brains, and Bodies.
    In this article I explore a number of questions that have not been adequately investigated in philosophy of mind circles: are minds located in the same place as the brains (or other computing machinery) supporting them? Must they exist at the same location as the body? Must they exist at the same time? Could a single mind be implemented in multiple brains, or multiple minds in a single brain? Under what conditions might a single mind persist despite being implemented successively (...)
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  38. added 2016-09-15
    Helen De Cruz (2016). Numerical Cognition and Mathematical Realism. Philosophers' Imprint 16 (16).
    Humans and other animals have an evolved ability to detect discrete magnitudes in their environment. Does this observation support evolutionary debunking arguments against mathematical realism, as has been recently argued by Clarke-Doane, or does it bolster mathematical realism, as authors such as Joyce and Sinnott-Armstrong have assumed? To find out, we need to pay closer attention to the features of evolved numerical cognition. I provide a detailed examination of the functional properties of evolved numerical cognition, and propose that they prima (...)
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  39. added 2016-09-14
    Andres Pablo Vaccari (forthcoming). Against Cognitive Artifacts: Extended Cognition and the Problem of Defining ‘Artifact’. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-14.
    In this paper I examine the notion of ‘artifact’ and related notions in the dominant version of extended cognition theory grounded on extended functionalism. Although the term is ubiquitous in the literature, it is far from clear what ECT means by it. How are artifacts conceptualized in ECT? Is ‘artifact’ a meaningful and useful category for ECT? If the answer to the previous question is negative, should we worry? Is it important for ECT to have a coherent theory of artifacts? (...)
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  40. added 2016-09-14
    Todd Davies (2016). Mind Change: How Digital Technologies Are Leaving Their Mark on Our Brains (Susan Greenfield). [REVIEW] New Media and Society 18 (9):2139-2141.
    This is a review of Susan Greenfield's 2015 book 'Mind Change: How Digital Technologies Are Leaving Their Mark On Our Brains'. Greenfield is a neuroscientist and a member of the UK House of Lords, who argues that digital technologies are changing the human environment "in an unprecedented way," and that by adapting to this environment, "the brain may also be changing in an unprecedented way." The book and its author have created a surprising amount of controversy. I discuss both Greenfield's (...)
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  41. added 2016-09-13
    Ehud Lamm (forthcoming). Cultural Group Selection and Holobiont Evolution – a Comparison of Structures of Evolution. In Snait Gissis, Ehud Lamm & Ayelet Shavit (eds.), Landscapes of Collectivity in the Life Sciences. MIT Press
    The notion of structure of evolution is proposed to capture what it means to say that two situations exhibit the same or similar constellations of factors affecting evolution. The key features of holobiont evolution and the hologenome theory are used to define a holobiont structure of evolution. Finally, Cultural Group Selection, a set of hypotheses regarding the evolution of human cognition, is shown to match the holobiont structure closely though not perfectly.
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  42. added 2016-09-13
    Michael David Kirchhoff (forthcoming). From Mutual Manipulation to Cognitive Extension: Challenges and Implications. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-16.
    This paper examines the application of the mutual manipulability criterion as a way to demarcate constituents of cognitive systems from resources having a mere causal influence on cognitive systems. In particular, it is argued that on at least one interpretation of the mutual manipulability criterion, the criterion is inadequate because the criterion is conceptualized as identifying synchronic dependence between higher and lower ‘levels’ in mechanisms. It is argued that there is a second articulation of the mutual manipulability criterion available, and (...)
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  43. added 2016-09-12
    Charles T. Wolfe (2009). Robert L. Martensen.The Brain Takes Shape: An Early History. Xxvii + 247 Pp., Index. Oxford/New York: Oxford University Press, 2004. [REVIEW] Isis 100 (3):659-659.
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  44. added 2016-09-12
    George Lendaris (1964). On the Definition of Self-Organizing Systems. Proceedings of the IEEE 52 (3):324-325.
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  45. added 2016-09-12
    M. C. Yovits, G. T. Jacobi & G. Goldstein (eds.) (1962). Self-Organizing Systems. Spartan Books.
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  46. added 2016-09-11
    Scott Barrton (1994). Chaos, Self-Organization, and Psychology. American Psychologist 49 (1):5–14.
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  47. added 2016-09-09
    Jack Reynolds & Richard Sebold (eds.) (2016). Phenomenology and Science. Palgrave Macmillan.
    This book investigates the complex, sometimes fraught relationship between phenomenology and the natural sciences. The contributors attempt to subvert and complicate the divide that has historically tended to characterize the relationship between the two fields. Phenomenology has traditionally been understood as methodologically distinct from scientific practice, and thus removed from any claim that philosophy is strictly continuous with science. There is some substance to this thinking, which has dominated consideration of the relationship between phenomenology and science throughout the twentieth century. (...)
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  48. added 2016-09-09
    Jake Quilty-Dunn (2016). Iconicity and the Format of Perception. Journal of Consciousness Studies 23 (3-4):255-263.
    According to one important proposal, the difference between perception and cognition consists in the representational formats used in the two systems (Carey, 2009; Burge, 2010; Block, 2014). In particular, it is claimed that perceptual representations are iconic, or image-like, while cognitive representations are discursive, or language-like. Taking object perception as a test case, this paper argues on empirical grounds that it requires discursive label-like representations. These representations segment the perceptual field, continuously pick out objects despite changes in their features, and (...)
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  49. added 2016-09-09
    S. Jonathon O'Donnell (2016). Secularizing Demons: Fundamentalist Navigations in Religion and Secularity. Zygon 51 (3):640-660.
    Since the turn of the millennium, theologians and secular scholars of religion have increasingly begun exploring the relationship between transhumanism and religion. However, analyses of anti-transhumanist apocalypticisms are still rare, and those that exist are situated mainly among broader explorations of religious and secular bioconservatism. This article addresses this lack of specificity by drawing analyses of transhumanism and religion into dialogue with explorations of contemporary demonology through a close study of the beliefs of the evangelical conspiracist Thomas Horn and the (...)
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  50. added 2016-09-09
    Eric Mandelbaum (2016). Attitude, Inference, Association: On the Propositional Structure of Implicit Bias. Noûs 50 (3):629-658.
    The overwhelming majority of those who theorize about implicit biases posit that these biases are caused by some sort of association. However, what exactly this claim amounts to is rarely specified. In this paper, I distinguish between different understandings of association, and I argue that the crucial senses of association for elucidating implicit bias are the cognitive structure and mental process senses. A hypothesis is subsequently derived: if associations really underpin implicit biases, then implicit biases should be modulated by counterconditioning (...)
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