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Philosophy of Cognitive Science

Edited by Gualtiero Piccinini (University of Missouri St. Louis)
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  1. added 2015-01-31
    Bryan Chambliss (forthcoming). Macrocognition: A Theory of Distributed Minds and Collective Intentionality. Philosophical Psychology:1-5.
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  2. added 2015-01-31
    José Eduardo Porcher (2014). Is Self-Deception Pretense? Manuscrito 37 (2):291-332.
    I assess Tamar Gendler's (2007) account of self-deception according to which its characteristic state is not belief, but imaginative pretense. After giving an overview of the literature and presenting the conceptual puzzles engendered by the notion of self-deception, I introduce Gendler's account, which emerges as a rival to practically all extant accounts of self-deception. I object to it by first arguing that her argument for abandoning belief as the characteristic state of self-deception conflates the state of belief and the process (...)
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  3. added 2015-01-30
    Richard Samuels, Eric Margolis & Stephen Stich (2012). Introduction: Philosophy and Cognitive Science. In Eric Margolis, Richard Samuels & Stephen Stich (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Cognitive Science. Oxford University Press. 3-18.
    This chapter offers a high-level overview of the philosophy of cognitive science and an introduction to the Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Cognitive Science. The philosophy of cognitive science emerged out of a set of common and overlapping interests among philosophers and scientists who study the mind. We identify five categories of issues that illustrate the best work in this broad field: (1) traditional philosophical issues about the mind that have been invigorated by research in cognitive science, (2) issues regarding (...)
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  4. added 2015-01-29
    Nils-Frederic Wagner & Georg Northoff (2014). Habits: Bridging the Gap Between Personhood and Personal Identity. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8 (330).
    In philosophy, the criteria for personhood (PH) at a specific point in time (synchronic), and the necessary and sufficient conditions of personal identity (PI) over time (diachronic) are traditionally separated. Hence, the transition between both timescales of a person's life remains largely unclear. Personal habits reflect a decision-making (DM) process that binds together synchronic and diachronic timescales. Despite the fact that the actualization of habits takes place synchronically, they presuppose, for the possibility of their generation, time in a diachronic sense. (...)
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  5. added 2015-01-27
    Rami Ali (forthcoming). Fiona Macpherson and Dimitris Platchias , Hallucination: Philosophy and Psychology. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-6.
    Hallucination: Philosophy and Psychology is an edited MIT press collection that contributes to the philosophy of perception. This collection is a significant addition to the literature both for its excellent choice of texts, and its emphasis on the case of hallucinations. Dedicating a volume to hallucinatory phenomena may seem somewhat peculiar for those not entrenched in the analytic philosophy of perception, but it is easy enough to grasp their significance. Theories of perception aim to give a fundamental characterization of perceptual (...)
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  6. added 2015-01-27
    Robert Briscoe (2014). Spatial Content and Motoric Significance. Avant (2):199-216.
    According to “actionism” (Noë 2010), perception constitutively depends on implicit knowledge of the way sensory stimulations vary as a consequence of the perceiver’s self-movement. My aim in this contribution is to develop an alternative conception of the role of action in perception present in the work of Gareth Evans using resources provided by Ruth Millikan’s biosemantic theory of mental representation.
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  7. added 2015-01-25
    Avner Baz (forthcoming). On Going Nowhere with Our Words: New Skepticism About the Philosophical Method of Cases. Philosophical Psychology:1-20.
    The philosophical “method of cases” has been the subject of intense discussion. In a recent paper, Frank Jackson attempts to vindicate the method by proposing that it is underwritten by the “representational view of language.” Jackson's proposal is potentially very significant. For if it is true, then the method of cases stands, but quite possibly also falls, with the representational view of language as characterized by Jackson. The aim of this paper is to question the philosophical method of cases by (...)
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  8. added 2015-01-25
    Joseph A. Hedger (forthcoming). Perceptual Access Reasoning: Developmental Stage or System 1 Heuristic? Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-20.
    In contrast with the two dominant views in Theory of Mind development, the Perceptual Access Reasoning hypothesis of Fabricius and colleagues is that children don’t understand the mental state of belief until around 6 years of age. Evidence for this includes data that many children ages 4 and 5, who pass the standard 2-location false belief task, nonetheless fail the true belief task, and often fail a 3-location false belief task by choosing the irrelevant option. These findings can be explained (...)
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  9. added 2015-01-25
    James J. Hughes (2015). Moral Enhancement Requires Multiple Virtues. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 24 (1):86-95.
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  10. added 2015-01-25
    David Cecchetto (2013). Humanesis: Sound and Technological Posthumanism. Univ of Minnesota Press.
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  11. added 2015-01-24
    Ulf Hlobil (forthcoming). Chains of Inferences and the New Paradigm in the Psychology of Reasoning. Review of Philosophy and Psychology:1-16.
    The new paradigm in the psychology of reasoning draws on Bayesian formal frameworks, and some advocates of the new paradigm think of these formal frameworks as providing a computational-level theory of rational human inference. I argue that Bayesian theories should not be seen as providing a computational-level theory of rational human inference, where by “Bayesian theories” I mean theories that claim that all rational credal states are probabilistically coherent and that rational adjustments of degrees of belief in the light of (...)
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  12. added 2015-01-24
    Sun-Joo Shin (forthcoming). The Mystery of Deduction and Diagrammatic Aspects of Representation. Review of Philosophy and Psychology:1-19.
    Deduction is decisive but nonetheless mysterious, as I argue in the introduction. I identify the mystery of deduction as surprise-effect and demonstration-difficulty. The first section delves into how the mystery of deduction is connected with the representation of information and lays the groundwork for our further discussions of various kinds of representation. The second and third sections, respectively, present a case study for the comparison between symbolic and diagrammatic representation systems in terms of how two aspects of the mystery of (...)
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  13. added 2015-01-24
    Bárbara Nascimento Duarte & Enno Park (2014). Body, Technology and Society: A Dance of Encounters. NanoEthics 8 (3):259-261.
    In the special section ‘Body Hacking: Self-Made Cyborgs and Visions of Transhuman Corporeality’, attention is drawn to cyborgism, a set of cultural and very personal practices of experimentation with the human body that often take place outside the confines of institutionalised technoscience. Known, for example, as ‘body hackers’, ‘grinders’ or ‘self-made cyborgs’ and engaging in unusual forms of body modification, the practitioners are enthusiasts who do not necessarily have any ‘disability’ in the conventional sense of the term. They consider the (...)
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  14. added 2015-01-24
    Drew Mcdermott (2013). Computationally Constrained Beliefs. Journal of Consciousness Studies 20 (5-6):124-150.
    People and intelligent computers, if there ever are any, will both have to believe certain things in order to be intelligent agents at all, or to be a particular sort of intelligent agent. I distinguish implicit beliefs that are inherent in the architecture of a natural or artificial agent, in the way it is 'wired', from explicit beliefs that are encoded in a way that makes them easier to learn and to erase if proven mistaken. I introduce the term IFI, (...)
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  15. added 2015-01-24
    Louis Sass & E. Pienkos (2013). Space, Time, and Atmosphere A Comparative Phenomenology of Melancholia, Mania, and Schizophrenia, Part II. Journal of Consciousness Studies 20 (7-8):131-152.
    This paper offers a comparative study of abnormalities in the experience of space, time, and general atmosphere in three psychiatric conditions: schizophrenia, melancholia, and mania. It is a companion piece to our previous article entitled 'Varieties of Self- Experience'; here we focus on experiences of the world rather than of the self. As before, we are especially interested in similarities but also in some subtle distinctions in the forms of subjectivity associated with these three conditions. As before, we survey phenomenologicallyoriented (...)
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  16. added 2015-01-23
    Muhammad Ali Khalidi & Joshua Mugg (2014). The Inherent Bias in Positing an Inherence Heuristic. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (05):493-494.
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  17. added 2015-01-21
    Santiago Echeverri (forthcoming). Indexing the World? Visual Tracking, Modularity, and the Perception–Cognition Interface. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axu033.
    Research in vision science, developmental psychology, and the foundations of cognitive science has led some theorists to posit referential mechanisms similar to indices. This hypothesis has been framed within a Fodorian conception of the early vision module. The article shows that this conception is mistaken, for it cannot handle the ‘interface problem’—roughly, how indexing mechanisms relate to higher cognition and conceptual thought. As a result, I reject the inaccessibility of early vision to higher cognition and make some constructive remarks on (...)
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  18. added 2015-01-19
    David Rose (forthcoming). Belief is Prior to Knowledge. Episteme.
    Orthodoxy has it that knowledge is a composite of belief and non-mental factors. However, Timothy Williamson suggests that orthodoxy implies that the concept of belief is acquired before the concept of knowledge, whereas developmental data suggest the reverse. More recently, Jennifer Nagel reviews the psychological evidence, building a psychological case that the concept of knowledge emerges prior to belief. I assess the psychological state of the art and find support for the opposite conclusion. Overall the empirical evidence supports the orthodox (...)
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  19. added 2015-01-18
    Anil Gomes, Matthew Parrott & Joshua Shepherd (forthcoming). More Dead Than Dead? Attributing Mentality to Vegetative State Patients. Philosophical Psychology.
    In a recent paper, Gray, Knickman and Wegner (2011) present three experiments which they take to show that people perceive patients in a persistent vegetative state (PVS) to have less mentality than the dead. Following on from Gomes and Parrott (2014), we provide evidence to show that participants’ responses in the initial experiments are an artefact of the questions posed. Results from two experiments show that, once the questions have been clarified, people do not ascribe more mental capacity to the (...)
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  20. added 2015-01-16
    Dustin Stokes & Elliot Paul (forthcoming). Naturalistic Approaches to Creativity. In J. Sytsma W. Buckwalter (ed.), The Blackwell Companion to Experimental Philosophy.
    We offer a brief characterization of creativity, followed by a review of some of the reasons people have been skeptical about the possibility of explaining creativity. We then survey some of the recent work on creativity that is naturalistic in the sense that it presumes creativity is natural (as opposed to magical, occult, or supernatural) and is therefore amenable to scientific inquiry. This work is divided into two categories. The broader category is empirical philosophy, which draws on empirical research while (...)
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  21. added 2015-01-15
    Neralie Wise (forthcoming). The Capgras Delusion: An Integrated Approach. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-23.
    Delusions are studied in two philosophical traditions: the continental or phenomenological tradition and the Anglo-American or analytic tradition. Each has its own view of delusions. Broadly stated, phenomenologists view delusions as a disturbed experience whilst most analytic researchers view them as beliefs. It is my contention that the most plausible account of delusions must ultimately incorporate valuable insights from both traditions. To illustrate the potential value of integration I provide a novel model of the Capgras delusion which describes how an (...)
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  22. added 2015-01-15
    A. Will Crescioni, Roy F. Baumeister, Sarah E. Ainsworth, Michael Ent & Nathaniel M. Lambert (forthcoming). Subjective Correlates and Consequences of Belief in Free Will. Philosophical Psychology:1-23.
    Four studies measured or manipulated beliefs in free will to illuminate how such beliefs are linked to other aspects of personality. Study 1 showed that stronger belief in free will was correlated with more gratitude, greater life satisfaction, lower levels of perceived life stress, a greater sense of self-efficacy, greater perceived meaning in life, higher commitment in relationships, and more willingness to forgive relationship partners. Study 2 showed that the belief in free will was a stronger predictor of life satisfaction, (...)
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  23. added 2015-01-13
    Shannon Spaulding (forthcoming). On Direct Social Perception. Consciousness and Cognition.
    Direct Social Perception (DSP) is the idea that we can non-inferentially perceive others’ mental states. In this paper, I argue that the standard way of framing DSP leaves the debate at an impasse. I suggest two alternative interpretations of the idea that we see others’ mental states: others’ mental states are represented in the content of our perception, and we have basic perceptual beliefs about others’ mental states. I argue that the latter interpretation of DSP is more promising and examine (...)
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  24. added 2015-01-11
    Cameron Buckner (forthcoming). Transitional Gradation in the Mind: Rethinking Psychological Kindhood. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science.
    I here critique the application of the traditional, similarity-based account of natural kinds to debates in psychology. A challenge to such accounts of kindhood—familiar from the study of biological species—is a metaphysical phenomenon that I call ‘transitional gradation’: the systematic progression of slightly modified transitional forms between related candidate kinds. Where such gradation proliferates, it renders the selection of similarity criteria for kinds arbitrary. Reflection on general features of learning—especially on the gradual revision of concepts throughout the acquisition of expertise—shows (...)
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  25. added 2015-01-10
    Heather Cipolletti, Steven McFarlane & Christine Weissglass (forthcoming). The Moral Foreign-Language Effect. Philosophical Psychology:1-18.
    Many have argued that moral judgment is driven by one of two types of processes. Rationalists argue that reasoned processes are the source of moral judgments, whereas sentimentalists argue that emotional processes are. We provide evidence that both positions are mistaken; there are multiple mental processes involved in moral judgment, and it is possible to manipulate which process is engaged when considering moral dilemmas by presenting them in a non-native language. The Foreign-Language Effect is the activation of systematic reasoning processes (...)
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  26. added 2015-01-09
    Fredrik Svenaeus (forthcoming). The Phenomenology of Empathy: A Steinian Emotional Account. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-19.
    This paper presents a phenomenological account of empathy inspired by the proposal put forward by Edith Stein in her book On the Problem of Empathy , published originally 1917. By way of explicating Stein’s views, the paper aims to present a characterization of empathy that is in some aspects similar to, but yet essentially different from contemporary simulationist theories of empathy. An attempt is made to show that Stein’s proposal articulates the essential ingredients and steps involved in empathy and that (...)
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  27. added 2015-01-08
    Phil Turner (forthcoming). Presence: Is It Just Pretending? AI and Society.
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  28. added 2015-01-04
    Ulrich Diehl & Hermes Andreas Kick (1998). Klinische Phänomenologie und therapeutische Situation. Fundamenta Psychiatrica 12:53-57.
    Phänomenologie intendiert allgemein eine Beschreibung und intersubjektiv nachvollziehbare Analyse der in einer konkreten Situation sich erschließenden Phänomene des menschlichen Bewußtseins. Klinische Phänomenologie hat darüber hinaus die therapeutische Situation zu berücksichtigen. Im Folgenden wird die These vertreten, daß die psychische Verfassung eines Menschen niemals allein aufgrund einer rein phänomenologischen Analyse auf alle praktisch und therapeutisch relevanten Konsequenzen hin ergründet werden kann. Das kann insbesondere dann nicht der Fall sein, wenn sich solche Konsequenzen aus einem außerhalb der konkreten Situation gewonnenen, empirisch verallgemeinerbaren (...)
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  29. added 2015-01-01
    Thomas H. Carr (forthcoming). Strengths and Weaknesses of Reflection as a Guide to Action: Pressure Assails Performance in Multiple Ways. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-26.
    The current status of Beilock and Carr's "execution focus" theory of choking under pressure in performance of a sensorimotor skill is reviewed and assessed, mainly from the perspective of cognitive psychology, and put into the context of a wider range of issues, attempting to take philosophical analysis into account. These issues include other kinds of skills, pre-performance practice, post-performance evaluation and repair, and integrating new and creative achievements into repertoires of heavily practiced routines. The focus is on variation in the (...)
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  30. added 2014-12-30
    Veronica Vasterling (forthcoming). Heidegger’s Hermeneutic Account of Cognition. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-19.
    Hermeneutic phenomenology is absent in 4 EAC literature . The aim of this article is to show that hermeneutic phenomenology as elaborated in the work of Heidegger is relevant to 4 EAC research. In the first part of the article I describe the hermeneutic turn Heidegger performs in tandem with his ontological turn of transcendental phenomenology, and the hermeneutic account of cognition resulting from it. I explicate the main thesis of the hermeneutic account, namely that cognition is interaction with the (...)
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  31. added 2014-12-30
    Jenifer Booth, Pre-Modern Ethics, Authoritative Narratives, and the Tribunal. The Oxford Handbook of Psychiatric Ethics.
    This chapter applies the modified philosophy of Alasdair MacIntyre to mental health law, and in particular to the mental health tribunal. The natural law approach of Thomas Aquinas is used to assist in this. It is argued that, for law to be just in pre-modern terms, it requires that it be assessed as rational together with the care it supports as a single entity. As such, according to a modified version of the Thomistic Aristotelian ethics of MacIntyre, justice would require (...)
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  32. added 2014-12-25
    Naoaki Kawakami & Fujio Yoshida (2015). Perceiving a Story Outside of Conscious Awareness: When We Infer Narrative Attributes From Subliminal Sequential Stimuli. Consciousness and Cognition 33:53-66.
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  33. added 2014-12-25
    Daniel A. Weiskopf (2015). Words, Images and Concepts. Analysis 75 (1):99-109.
    Christopher Gauker proposes that all cognition can be divided into nonconceptual image-based thought and conceptual language-based thought. The division between the two hinges on the representational powers of their respective mediums. I argue that a richer variety of representational states and processes is necessary in order to explain both human and nonhuman cognition. There are aspects of nonhuman cognition that cannot be explained simply by images, and there are aspects of human conceptual thought, particularly those dealing with causal reasoning, that (...)
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  34. added 2014-12-25
    Gerald Alper (2013). The Incredible Shrinking Mind: What Happens When the Human Equation Gets Lost. Karnac.
    From the psychic rat to the gorilla in the room, from British double-agent Kim Philby to comedian Steve Martin, The Incredible Shrinking Mind not only offers a provocative and entertaining critique, but also a profound and practical ...
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  35. added 2014-12-24
    Christopher Gauker (2015). Summary. Analysis 75 (1):81-83.
    This is a summary of the book, Words and Images: An Essay on the Origin of Ideas (Oxford 2011). This summary serves as an introduction to a symposium on this book, featuring contributions by Mohan Matthen, Daniel Weiskopf and Åsa Wikforss, and a reply by Gauker.
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  36. added 2014-12-24
    Christopher Gauker (2015). Replies to Matthen, Weiskopf and Wikforss. Analysis 75 (1):121-131.
    This article consists of replies to three commentaries on the book, Words and Images: An Essay on the Origin of Ideas (Oxford 2011).
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  37. added 2014-12-23
    Tom McClelland (forthcoming). Affording Introspection: An Alternative Model of Inner Awareness. Philosophical Studies:1-24.
    The ubiquity of inner awareness thesis states that all conscious states of normal adult humans are characterised by an inner awareness of that very state. UIA-Backers support this thesis while UIA-Skeptics reject it. At the heart of their dispute is a recalcitrant phenomenological disagreement. UIA-Backers claim that phenomenological investigation reveals ‘peripheral inner awareness’ to be a constant presence in their non-introspective experiences. UIA-Skeptics deny that their non-introspective experiences are characterised by inner awareness, and maintain that inner awareness is only gained (...)
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  38. added 2014-12-22
    Valorie N. Salimpoor, David H. Zald, Robert J. Zatorre, Alain Dagher & Anthony Randal McIntosh (forthcoming). Predictions and the Brain: How Musical Sounds Become Rewarding. Trends in Cognitive Sciences.
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  39. added 2014-12-22
    Joshua Fost (forthcoming). Are There Psychological Species? Review of Philosophy and Psychology:1-23.
    A common reaction to functional diversity is to group entities into clusters that are functionally similar. I argue here that people are diverse with respect to reasoning-related processes, and that these processes satisfy the basic requirements for evolving entities: they are heritable, mutable, and subject to selective pressures. I propose a metric to quantify functional difference and show how this can be used to place psychological processes into a structure akin to a phylogenetic or evolutionary tree. Three species concepts are (...)
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  40. added 2014-12-22
    Shaun Gallagher (forthcoming). Relations Between Agency and Ownership in the Case of Schizophrenic Thought Insertion and Delusions of Control. Review of Philosophy and Psychology:1-15.
    This article addresses questions about the sense of agency and its distinction from the sense of ownership in the context of understanding schizophrenic thought insertion. In contrast to “standard” approaches that identify problems with the sense of agency as central to thought insertion, two recent proposals argue that it is more correct to think that the problem concerns the subject’s sense of ownership. This view involves a “more demanding” concept of the sense of ownership that, I will argue, ultimately depends (...)
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  41. added 2014-12-21
    Veikko Rantala (2011). Aesthetic Tension. Cognitive Aspects of Interpretation. Peter Lang.
    This is an interdisciplinary study of what is cognitively going on when we interpret, respresent, or evaluate cultural entities, works of art included. In addition, the role of interpretation in experience and in cultural objects is elucidated from a cognitive point of view. The book relies on theories of action, perception, possible worlds, modalities, intentionality. cognition, and brain research, and it contains anumber of case studies. The book ptovides some new insights into some much-discussed problems related to interpretation.
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  42. added 2014-12-20
    Gabriel Vacariu (forthcoming). (2015) The Unbelievable Similarities Between My Ideas (2002-2008) and the Ideas of Other People (2011-2014). Bucharest University Press.
    I posted on the Internet (on various webpages) all my first five published books (2008-2014) immediately after being published and the majority of my articles published at various journals. So, everybody had immediate access to my works, and therefore could have been possible for someone to write a book/paper with very similar ideas to mine’s in no more than 2 years! Amazingly, the people that are referred to in this book had not published any ideas in the past that were (...)
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  43. added 2014-12-19
    Sara Heinämaa (2014). Transformations of Old Age: Selfhood, Normativity, and Time. In Silvia Stoller (ed.), Simone de Beauvoir’s Philosophy of Old Age. Indiana University Press. 167-87.
  44. added 2014-12-19
    Sara Heinämaa (2003). Merleau-Ponty’s Dialogue with Descartes: The Living Body and its Position in Metaphysics. In Dan Zahavi, Sara Heinämaa & Hans Ruin (eds.), Metaphysics, Facticity, Interpretation: Phenomenology in the Nordic Countries. Kluwer. 23–48.
  45. added 2014-12-18
    Gabriel Vacariu, Unbelievable Similarities Between Georg Northoff's Ideas (Canada, 2011-2014) and Gabriel Vacariu's Ideas (2005-2008).
    Many ideas from Georg Nortoff’s works (published one paper in 2010, mainly his book in 2011, other papers in 2012, 2103, 2014, especially those related to Kant’s philosophy and the notion of the “observer”, the mind-brain problem, default mode network, the self, the mental states and their “correspondence” to the brain) are surprisingly very similar to my ideas published in my article from 2002, 2005 and my book from 2008. In two papers from 2002 (also my paper from 2005 and (...)
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  46. added 2014-12-16
    Nikil Mukerji (2014). Why Moral Philosophers Should Watch Sci-Fi Movies. In Fiorella Battaglia & Nathalie Weidenfeld (eds.), Roboethics in Film. Pisa University Press. 79-92.
    In this short piece, I explore why we, as moral philosophers, should watch sci-fi movies. Though I do not believe that sci-fi material is ne- cessary for doing good moral philosophy, I give three broad reasons why good sci-fi movies should nevertheless be worth our time. These reasons lie in the fact that they can illustrate moral-philosophical pro- blems, probe into possible solutions and, perhaps most importantly, an- ticipate new issues that may go along with the use of new technologies. (...)
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  47. added 2014-12-15
    John Toner, Barbara Gail Montero & Aidan Moran (forthcoming). Considering the Role of Cognitive Control in Expert Performance. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-18.
    Dreyfus and Dreyfus’ influential phenomenological analysis of skill acquisition proposes that expert performance is guided by non-cognitive responses which are fast, effortless and apparently intuitive in nature. Although this model has been criticised for over-emphasising the role that intuition plays in facilitating skilled performance, it does recognise that on occasions a form of ‘detached deliberative rationality’ may be used by experts to improve their performance. However, Dreyfus and Dreyfus see no role for calculative problem solving or deliberation when performance is (...)
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  48. added 2014-12-13
    Jethro Masís (2014). Naturalizing Dasein. Aporias of the Neo-Heideggerian Approach in Cognitive Science. Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy 10 (2):158-181.
    Normal.dotm 0 0 1 111 636 Universidad de Costa Rica 5 1 781 12.0 0 false 21 18 pt 18 pt 0 0 false false false /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabla normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ascii-font-family:Helvetica; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Helvetica; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} This paper deals with the neo-Heideggerian approach in cognitive science as espoused by Michael Wheeler in his Reconstructing the Cognitive World: (...)
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  49. added 2014-12-12
    Lisa Bortolotti & Magdalena Antrobus (forthcoming). Costs and Benefits of Realism and Optimism. Current Opinion in Psychiatry.
    Purpose of review: What is the relationship between rationality and mental health? By considering the psychological literature on depressive realism and unrealistic optimism it was hypothesized that, in the context of judgments about the self, accurate cognitions are psychologically maladaptive and inaccurate cognitions are psychologically adaptive. Recent studies recommend being cautious in drawing any general conclusion about style of thinking and mental health. Recent findings: Recent investigations suggest that people with depressive symptoms are more accurate than controls in tasks involving (...)
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  50. added 2014-12-11
    Angelos-Miltiadis Krypotos, Tom Beckers, Merel Kindt & Eric-Jan Wagenmakers (forthcoming). A Bayesian Hierarchical Diffusion Model Decomposition of Performance in Approach–Avoidance Tasks. Cognition and Emotion:1-21.
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