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  1. added 2015-04-20
    Claude E. Shannon, Warren Weaver & Arthur W. Burks (1951). The Mathematical Theory of Communication (Review). Philosophical Review 60 (3):398-400.
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  2. added 2015-04-20
    Claude E. Shannon & Warren Weaver (1949). The Mathematical Theory of Communication. University of Illinois Press.
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  3. added 2015-04-16
    Mario Benevides & L. Schechter (2009). Using Modal Logics to Express and Check Global Graph Properties. Logic Journal of the Igpl 17 (5):559-587.
    Graphs are among the most frequently used structures in Computer Science. Some of the properties that must be checked in many applications are connectivity, acyclicity and the Eulerian and Hamiltonian properties. In this work, we analyze how we can express these four properties with modal logics. This involves two issues: whether each of the modal languages under consideration has enough expressive power to describe these properties and how complex it is to use these logics to actually test whether a given (...)
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  4. added 2015-04-06
    Daniel M. Kraemer (forthcoming). Natural Probabilistic Information. Synthese:1-19.
    Natural information refers to the information carried by natural signs such as that smoke is thought to carry natural information about fire. A number of influential philosophers have argued that natural information can also be utilized in a theory of mental content. The most widely discussed account of natural information holds that it results from an extremely strong relation between sign and signified . Critics have responded that it is doubtful that there are many strong relations of this sort in (...)
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  5. added 2015-04-06
    Mariarosaria Taddeo & Elizabeth Buchanan (2015). Information Societies, Ethical Enquiries. Philosophy and Technology 28 (1):5-10.
    The special issue collects a selection of papers presented during the Computer Ethics: Philosophical Enquiries 2013 conference. This is a series of conferences organized by the International Association for Ethics and Information Technology , a professional organization formed in 2001 and which gathers experts in information and computer ethics prompting interdisciplinary research and discussions on ethical problems related to design and deployment of information and communication technologies . During the past two decades, CEPE conferences have been a focal point for (...)
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  6. added 2015-04-06
    Toshiyasu Arai (2015). Predicatively Computable Functions on Sets. Archive for Mathematical Logic 54 (3-4):471-485.
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  7. added 2015-04-06
    de Brecht Matthew (2014). Levels of Discontinuity, Limit-Computability, and Jump Operators. In Dieter Spreen, Hannes Diener & Vasco Brattka (eds.), Logic, Computation, Hierarchies. De Gruyter. 79-108.
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  8. added 2015-04-06
    Mark Poster (2005). Medienphilosophie Des Internet. In Ludwig Nagl & Mike Sandbothe (eds.), Systematische Medienphilosophie. De Gruyter. 359-380.
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  9. added 2015-04-06
    Stefan Münker (2005). Medienphilosophie der Virtual Reality. In Ludwig Nagl & Mike Sandbothe (eds.), Systematische Medienphilosophie. De Gruyter. 381-396.
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  10. added 2015-04-06
    Luciano Floridi, From Data to Semantic Information.
    There is no consensus yet on the definition of semantic information. This paper contributes to the current debate by criticising and revising the Standard Definition of semantic Information as meaningful data, in favour of the Dretske-Grice approach: meaningful and well-formed data constitute semantic information only if they also qualify as contingently truthful. After a brief introduction, SDI is criticised for providing necessary but insufficient conditions for the definition of semantic information. SDI is incorrect because truth-values do not supervene on semantic (...)
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  11. added 2015-04-06
    Peter Janich (1999). Die Naturalisierung der Information.
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  12. added 2015-04-06
    Harry R. Lewis & Christos H. Papadimitriou (1998). Elements of the Theory of Computation Harry R. Lewis, Christos H. Papadimitriou.
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  13. added 2015-04-06
    David Kolb & Inc Eastgate Systems (1995). Socrates in the Labyrinth Hypertext, Argument, Philosophy.
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  14. added 2015-04-06
    David Kolb & J. David Bolter (1994). Socrates in the Labyrinth. Hypertext, Argument, Philosophy.
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  15. added 2015-04-06
    Ayda I. Arruda, R. Chuaqui & Newton C. A. da Costa (1977). Non-Classical Logics, Model Theory, and Computability Proceedings of the Third Latin-American Symposium on Mathematical Logic, Campinas, Brazil, July 11-17, 1976. [REVIEW]
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  16. added 2015-04-05
    Peter J. Westwick (forthcoming). Software Bugs and Star Wars. Metascience:1-3.
    For over 50 years, since the development of nuclear-armed ICBMs, the USA has sought a way to defend against them. These efforts evolved through various strategies and technologies: from nuclear-tipped rockets through space-based laser weapons to today’s system of ground-based kinetic-kill interceptors. Public debate around these issues reached a peak in the 1980s with President Reagan’s Strategic Defense Initiative, popularly known as Star Wars.Rebecca Slayton examines this history in Arguments that Count, a valuable and well-told account of a particular aspect (...)
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  17. added 2015-04-05
    Philip Brey (1999). Ethische Aspecten van Virtual Reality - Ontwerpers van Virtual Reality Kunnen Zeer Intensieve Ervaringen Teweegbrengen. Ze Hebben Hiervoor Een Verantwoordelijkheid, Vooral Als de Virtual Reality is Bedoeld Voor Opleiding En Training. Filosofie En Praktijk 20:31-44.
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  18. added 2015-04-05
    Emily Sherwin (1999). J.M. Balkin, Cultural Software: A Theory Of Ideology. [REVIEW] Philosophy in Review 19:160-163.
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  19. added 2015-04-05
    Wayne C. Myrvold (1994). Constructivism, Computability, and Physical Theories. Dissertation, Boston University
    This dissertation is an investigation into the degree to which the mathematics used in physical theories can be constructivized. The techniques of recursive function theory and classical logic are used to separate out the algorithmic content of mathematical theories rather than attempting to reformulate them in terms of "intuitionistic" logic. The guiding question is: are there experimentally testable predictions in physics which are not computable from the data? ;The nature of Church's thesis, that the class of effectively calculable functions on (...)
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  20. added 2015-04-05
    Guglielmo Tamburrini (1988). Reflections on Mechanism. Dissertation, Columbia University
    For a general formulation of the undecidability and incompleteness theorems one has to characterize precisely the notion of formal system. Such a characterization is provided by the proposal to identify the intuitive concept of effectively calculable function with that of partial recursive function. A proper understanding of this identification, which is known under the name of "Church's thesis", is crucial for a philosophical assessment of these metamathematical results. The undecidability and incompleteness theorems suggest one major but certainly not the only (...)
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  21. added 2015-04-05
    Joseph Thomas Tolliver (1979). Reasons, Perception, and Information: An Outline of an Information-Theoretic Epistemology. Dissertation, The Ohio State University
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  22. added 2015-04-05
    Donald M. Mackay (1972). Information, Mechanism and Meaning. Synthese 24 (3):472-474.
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  23. added 2015-04-05
    W. Krajewski (1969). Materie, Energie, Information. Scientia 63:75.
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  24. added 2015-04-05
    J. L. Van Soest (1953). An Introduction to Scientific Information. Synthese 9 (3):177-181.
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  25. added 2015-04-05
    J. L. van Soest (1953). Introduction to the Theory of Scientific Information. Synthese 9 (3/5):177.
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  26. added 2015-04-05
    D. van Dantzig (1953). Some Informal Information on `Information'. Synthese 9 (3/5):137.
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  27. added 2015-04-04
    Luciano Floridi (2012). Steps Forward in the Philosophy of Information. Etica E Politica 14 (1):304-310.
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  28. added 2015-04-04
    Gustavo Cevolani (2012). Verisimilitude and Strongly Semantic Information. Etica E Politica 13 (2):159-179.
    In The Philosophy of Information, Luciano Floridi presents a theory of “strongly semantic information”, based on the idea that “information encapsulates truth” . Starting with Popper, philosophers of science have developed different explications of the notion of verisimilitude or truthlikeness, construed as a combination of truth and information. Thus, the theory of strongly semantic information and the theory of verisimilitude are intimately tied. Yet, with few exceptions, this link has virtually pass unnoticed. In this paper, we briefly survey both theories (...)
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  29. added 2015-04-04
    Ben Goertzel & Joel Pitt (2011). Nine Ways to Bias Open-Source AGI Toward Friendliness. Journal of Evolution and Technology 22 (1):116-131.
    While it seems unlikely that any method of guaranteeing human-friendliness on the part of advanced Artificial General Intelligence systems will be possible, this doesn’t mean the only alternatives are throttling AGI development to safeguard humanity, or plunging recklessly into the complete unknown. Without denying the presence of a certain irreducible uncertainty in such matters, it is still sensible to explore ways of biasing the odds in a favorable way, such that newly created AI systems are significantly more likely than not (...)
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  30. added 2015-04-04
    Jessica Heesen (2004). Universalisation, Totality and ICT, Or: Are There Any Reasons for Demanding ICT-Free Areas? International Review of Information Ethics 2.
    In the following contribution we will investigate the digital divide with respect to a philosophically and ideologically founded concept of universalisation. The documents of the World Summit on the Information Society show that the creation of a global information society not only concerns a technical structural transformation, but also a technical implementation of a normative guiding principle. I will show that overcoming the digital divide corresponds to the inner logic of universalisation as an ethical model of reasoning. Furthermore, we will (...)
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  31. added 2015-04-04
    Cristian Calude (2001). Real Numbers: From Computable to Random. Studia Philosophica 1.
    A real is computable if it is the limit of a computable, increasing, computably converging sequence of rational...
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  32. added 2015-04-04
    David Archard (2000). Gordon Graham, The Internet: A Philosophical Inquiry. [REVIEW] Ends and Means 4 (3).
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  33. added 2015-04-04
    Tim Kenyon (2000). Luciano Floridi, Philosophy and Computing. [REVIEW] Ends and Means 4 (2).
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  34. added 2015-04-04
    Tim Kenyon (1999). Embodied Minds and Software. Ends and Means 3 (2).
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  35. added 2015-04-04
    Settimo Termini, Salvatore Guccione & Guglielmo Tamburrini (1998). On Physcal Laws and Computability. Agora 17 (1):159-166.
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  36. added 2015-04-04
    Gordon Graham (1997). Anarchy and the Internet. Ends and Means 1 (2).
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  37. added 2015-04-04
    Gordon Graham (1996). Implications of the Internet: A Preliminary Survey. Ends and Means 1 (1).
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  38. added 2015-04-04
    David Lyon (1993). Being Human in the “Information Society”. Philosophia Reformata 58 (2):173-186.
    With their methodical attention to detail, their tirelessness, their immunity to boredom, and their very high speed, all coupled now with reasoning power and information, machines are beginning to produce knowledge, often faster and better — “smarter” — than the human who taught them. By promising to replace man, the computer is giving us a new definition of man, as an “information processor,” and of nature, as “information to be processed.” It is not that we cannot live without computers, but (...)
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  39. added 2015-04-04
    Enrique Villanueva (1993). Information, Semantics & Epistemology. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 53 (3):721-726.
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  40. added 2015-04-04
    Patrick Conner (1992). “Hypertext In The Last Days Of The Book,”. Bulletin of the John Rylands Library 74 (3):7-24.
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  41. added 2015-04-04
    Lucy Frith (1990). Norbert Wiener, The Human Use of Human Beings: Cybernetics and Society. [REVIEW] Radical Philosophy 54:49.
  42. added 2015-04-04
    Klemens Szaniawski (1984). On Defining Information. Philosophia Naturalis 21 (2/4):444-450.
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  43. added 2015-04-04
    K. Sterelny (1983). RETSKE, F. I.: "Knowledge and the Flow of Information". [REVIEW] Australasian Journal of Philosophy 61:207.
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  44. added 2015-04-04
    Pierre de Latil (1971). La Notion ?Information. Dialectica 25 (3-4):197-205.
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  45. added 2015-04-04
    W. Stegmüller (1962). Martin Davis: "Computability and Unsolvability". [REVIEW] Ratio 4 (1):64.
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  46. added 2015-03-29
    Andrea Scarantino (forthcoming). Information as a Probabilistic Difference Maker. Australasian Journal of Philosophy:1-25.
    By virtue of what do alarm calls and facial expressions carry natural information? The answer I defend in this paper is that they carry natural information by virtue of changing the probabilities of various states of affairs, relative to background data. The Probabilistic Difference Maker Theory of natural information that I introduce here is inspired by Dretske's [1981] seminal analysis of natural information, but parts ways with it by eschewing the requirements that information transmission must be nomically underwritten, mind-independent, and (...)
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  47. added 2015-03-29
    Ken Herold (2004). The Philosophy of Information. University of Illinois, Graduate School of Library and Information Science.
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  48. added 2015-03-29
    Richard L. Epstein & Walter A. Carnielli (1989). Computability Computable Functions, Logic, and the Foundations of Mathematics. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  49. added 2015-03-28
    Bartlomiej Lenart & Miranda Koshelek (2015). Human Rights and Access to Information. Progressive Librarian (43).
    Unresolved disagreements on issues of access, censorship, and privacy within the information profession can be dangerous when entrepreneurial interests outweigh the public good and as corporations anticipate financial gain from placing limitations on information retrieval and use. The information profession can benefit from a grounding of its core values in a robust moral framework that can coherently place demands on interested parties. We argue that grounding the core values of privacy and ubiquitous access to information in a needs-based theory of (...)
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  50. added 2015-03-28
    Cristian Calude, M. J. Dinneen & Silviu Sburlan (2001). Combinatorics, Computability and Logic Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Combinatorics, Computability and Logic. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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