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  1. added 2015-05-23
    Gilbert E. Plumer (2000). A Review of the LSAT Using Literature on Legal Reasoning. Law School Admission Council Computerized Testing Report 97 (8):1-19.
    Research using current literature on legal reasoning was conducted with the goals of (a) determining what skills are most important in good legal reasoning according to such literature, (b) determining the extent to which existing Law School Admission Test item types and subtypes are designed to assess those skills, and (c) suggesting test specifications or new or refined item types and formats that could be developed in the future to assess any important skills that appear [by (a) and (b)] to (...)
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  2. added 2015-04-20
    Claude E. Shannon & Warren Weaver (1949). The Mathematical Theory of Communication. University of Illinois Press.
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  3. added 2015-04-10
    Paul Walton (2015). Measures of Information. Information 6 (1):23-48.
    This paper builds an integrated framework of measures of information based on the Model for Information (MfI) developed by the author. Since truth is expressed using information, an analysis of truth depends on the nature of information and its limitations. These limitations include those implied by the geometry of information and those implied by the relativity of information. This paper proposes an approach to truth and truthlikeness that takes these limitations into account by incorporating measures of the quality of information. (...)
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  4. added 2015-04-06
    Julian Newman, Data Quality Implications of Scientific Software Complexity.
    Scientific findings based on computer simulation evoke sceptical responses because their output does not appear to have an objective status comparable to data captured by observation or experiment. However the simulationists have been defended on grounds that their practices, like those of experimenters, carry with them their own credentials. It has been further argued that epistemic opacity is essential to the nature of computational science and that epistemology of science must cease to be anthropocentric. Such philosophical faith in software runs (...)
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  5. added 2015-04-06
    Daniel M. Kraemer (forthcoming). Natural Probabilistic Information. Synthese:1-19.
    Natural information refers to the information carried by natural signs such as that smoke is thought to carry natural information about fire. A number of influential philosophers have argued that natural information can also be utilized in a theory of mental content. The most widely discussed account of natural information holds that it results from an extremely strong relation between sign and signified . Critics have responded that it is doubtful that there are many strong relations of this sort in (...)
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  6. added 2015-04-06
    Toshiyasu Arai (2015). Predicatively Computable Functions on Sets. Archive for Mathematical Logic 54 (3-4):471-485.
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  7. added 2015-04-06
    de Brecht Matthew (2014). Levels of Discontinuity, Limit-Computability, and Jump Operators. In Dieter Spreen, Hannes Diener & Vasco Brattka (eds.), Logic, Computation, Hierarchies. De Gruyter. 79-108.
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  8. added 2015-04-06
    Stefan Münker (2005). Medienphilosophie der Virtual Reality. In Ludwig Nagl & Mike Sandbothe (eds.), Systematische Medienphilosophie. De Gruyter. 381-396.
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  9. added 2015-04-06
    Mark Poster (2005). Medienphilosophie Des Internet. In Ludwig Nagl & Mike Sandbothe (eds.), Systematische Medienphilosophie. De Gruyter. 359-380.
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  10. added 2015-04-06
    Luciano Floridi, From Data to Semantic Information.
    There is no consensus yet on the definition of semantic information. This paper contributes to the current debate by criticising and revising the Standard Definition of semantic Information as meaningful data, in favour of the Dretske-Grice approach: meaningful and well-formed data constitute semantic information only if they also qualify as contingently truthful. After a brief introduction, SDI is criticised for providing necessary but insufficient conditions for the definition of semantic information. SDI is incorrect because truth-values do not supervene on semantic (...)
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  11. added 2015-03-28
    Bartlomiej Lenart & Miranda Koshelek (2015). Human Rights and Access to Information. Progressive Librarian (43).
    Unresolved disagreements on issues of access, censorship, and privacy within the information profession can be dangerous when entrepreneurial interests outweigh the public good and as corporations anticipate financial gain from placing limitations on information retrieval and use. The information profession can benefit from a grounding of its core values in a robust moral framework that can coherently place demands on interested parties. We argue that grounding the core values of privacy and ubiquitous access to information in a needs-based theory of (...)
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  12. added 2015-03-26
    Philippe Gagnon (2015). New Arguments for 'Intelligent Design'? Review Article on William A. Dembski, Being as Communion: A Metaphysics of Information. [REVIEW] ESSSAT News and Reviews 25 (1):17-24.
    Critical notice assessing the use of information theory in the attempt to build a design inference, and to re-establish some aspects of the program of natural theology, as carried out in this third major monograph devoted to the subject of intelligent design theory by mathematician and philosopher William A. Dembski, after The Design Inference (1998) and No Free Lunch (2002).
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  13. added 2015-03-24
    John Zeimbekis (forthcoming). Why Digital Pictures Are Not Notational Representations. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism.
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  14. added 2015-03-15
    Thomas Macaulay Ferguson (forthcoming). Two Paradoxes of Semantic Information. Synthese:1-12.
    Yehoshua Bar-Hillel and Rudolph Carnap’s classical theory of semantic information entails the counterintuitive feature that inconsistent statements convey maximal information. Theories preserving Bar-Hillel and Carnap’s modal intuitions while imposing a veridicality requirement on which statements convey information—such as the theories of Fred Dretske or Luciano Floridi—avoid this commitment, as inconsistent statements are deemed not information-conveying by fiat. This paper produces a pair of paradoxical statements that such “veridical-modal” theories must evaluate as both conveying and not conveying information, although Bar-Hillel and (...)
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