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  1. Massimiliano Badino, The Concept of Infinity in Modern Cosmology.
    The aim of this paper is not only to deal with the concept of infinity, but also to develop some considerations about the epistemological status of cosmology. These problems are connected because from an epistemological point of view, cosmology, meant as the study of the universe as a whole, is not merely a physical (or empirical) science. On the contrary it has an unavoidable metaphysical character which can be found in questions like “why is there this universe (or a universe (...)
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  2. Rodney Bartlett, Mathematics' Poincare Conjecture and The Shape of the Universe. Tomorrow's Science Today.
    intro to Part 1 - -/- Most people disliked mathematics when they were at school and they were absolutely correct to do so. This is because maths as we know it is severely incomplete. No matter how elaborated and complicated mathematical equations become, in today's world they're based on 1+1=2. This certainly conforms to the world our physical senses perceive and to the world scientific instruments detect. It has been of immeasurable value to all knowledge throughout history and has elevated (...)
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  3. Oleg Bazaluk (ed.) (2010). Philosophy and Cosmology 2010 (The Journal of International Society of Philosophy and Cosmology (ISPC) ). ISPC.
    The Journal «Philosophy and Cosmology» (ISSN 2307-3705) was established by Oleg Bazaluk as a press organ of International Society of Philosophy and Cosmology at 2004. This Society was established in the setting of Pereyaslav-Khmelnitskiy State Pedagogical University. Initially the Journal was printed as a special edition of Ukrainian philosophical journal «Sententiae» (one’s Chief Editor is Oleg Khoma) and covered academic scientific, philosophical and amateur researches of the space problematic. Since 2008, Journal «Philosopy and Cosmology» is an independent printed issue at (...)
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  4. Oleg Bazaluk (ed.) (2009). Philosophy and Cosmology 2009 (The Journal of International Society of Philosophy and Cosmology (ISPC) ). ISPC.
    Philosophy and Cosmology is an open access, peer-reviewed and refereed journal that focuses on theoretical and conceptual problems and issues in philosophical and cosmological research. Philosophy and Cosmology is published by International Society of Philosophy and Cosmology. The objective of Philosophy and Cosmology is to promote exchange and collaboration among philosophers, social, technical and natural science researchers throughout the world. In pursuit of this objective the journal not only publishes high quality research papers but also ensures that the published papers (...)
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  5. Oleg Bazaluk (2009). World Existence and “Evolved Matter” as its Modern Model. Philosophy and Cosmology 1 (1):3-37.
    Along the strike of this article we’ll try to perform two tasks. The first one is to review the world existence but not in form of concept but in form of modern scientific-philosophic system of views on the Universe structure and on the processes of formation and development of non-organic world, worlds of life and intelligence. The second one is to answer the question “what is the essence of human life?” through the scientific-philosophic understanding of the world existence.
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  6. Oleg Bazaluk (ed.) (2008). Philosophy and Cosmology 2008 (The Journal of International Society of Philosophy and Cosmology (ISPC) ). ISPC.
    Philosophy and Cosmology is an open access, peer-reviewed and refereed journal that focuses on theoretical and conceptual problems and issues in philosophical and cosmological research. Philosophy and Cosmology is published by International Society of Philosophy and Cosmology. The objective of Philosophy and Cosmology is to promote exchange and collaboration among philosophers, social, technical and natural science researchers throughout the world. In pursuit of this objective the journal not only publishes high quality research papers but also ensures that the published papers (...)
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  7. Oleg Bazaluk (2003). T I M E in the Light of a New Cosmological Conception. Porogi.
    This small book continues the theoretical study on the structure of the universe. It examines the category of “time” in the light of a new cosmological model proposed by the author in his book “The Origin of Mankind”. It is generally accepted that after researches of A. Einstein, А. Minkovsky and others space and time are considered in their interrelation, as the continuum. Nevertheless, the category of “time” is still a bone of contention and a cause of a great deal (...)
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  8. Claus Beisbart (2009). Can We Justifiably Assume the Cosmological Principle in Order to Break Model Underdetermination in Cosmology? Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 40 (2):175 - 205.
    If cosmology is to obtain knowledge about the whole universe, it faces an underdetermination problem: Alternative space-time models are compatible with our evidence. The problem can be avoided though, if there are good reasons to adopt the Cosmological Principle (CP), because, assuming the principle, one can confine oneself to the small class of homogeneous and isotropic space-time models. The aim of this paper is to ask whether there are good reasons to adopt the Cosmological Principle in order to avoid underdetermination (...)
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  9. Paul Bishop (ed.) (2012). The Archaic: The Past in the Present: A Collection of Papers. Routledge.
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  10. Paul Bishop (ed.) (2012). The Archaic: The Past in the Present. Routledge.
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  11. Carmen Blacker, Michael Loewe & J. Martin Plumley (eds.) (1975). Ancient Cosmologies. Allen and Unwin.
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  12. James E. Brady (2003). Southern Mexico and Guatemala: In My Hill, in My Valley : The Importance of Place in Ancient Maya Ritual. In Douglas Sharon & James Edward Brady (eds.), Mesas & Cosmologies in Mesoamerica. San Diego Museum of Man
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  13. Rémi Brague (2003). The Wisdom of the World: The Human Experience of the Universe in Western Thought. University of Chicago Press.
    When the ancient Greeks looked up into the heavens, they saw not just sun and moon, stars and planets, but a complete, coherent universe, a model of the Good that could serve as a guide to a better life. How this view of the world came to be, and how we lost it (or turned away from it) on the way to becoming modern, make for a fascinating story, told in a highly accessible manner by Remi Brague in this wide-ranging (...)
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  14. Dan Bruiger, An Argument for a Second-Order Cosmology.
    This paper proposes the feasibility of a second-order approach in cosmology. It is intended to encourage cosmologists to rethink standard ideas in their field, leading to a broader concept of self-organization and of science itself. It is argued, from a cognitive epistemology perspective, that a first-order approach is inadequate for cosmology; study of the universe as a whole must include study of the scientific observer and the process of theorizing. Otherwise, concepts of self-organization at the cosmological scale remain constrained by (...)
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  15. Sansonthi Bunyōthayān (2006). Suriyapatithin Phan Pī: Prāsāt Phūphēk, Sakon Nakhō̜n. Samnakphim Naiyanā Praphai.
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  16. Lawrence Cahoone (2009). Arguments From Nothing: God and Quantum Cosmology. Zygon 44 (4):777-796.
    This essay explores a simple argument for a Ground of Being, objections to it, and limitations on it. It is nonsensical to refer to Nothing in the sense of utter absence, hence nothing can be claimed to come from Nothing. If, as it seems, the universe, or any physical ensemble containing it, is past-finite, it must be caused by an uncaused Ground. Speculative many-worlds, pocket universes and multiverses do not affect this argument, but the quantum cosmologies of Alex Vilenkin, and (...)
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  17. Roberto Campos-Navarro (2003). Central and Northern Mexico : Curanderos' Altar-Mesas in Mexico City. In Douglas Sharon & James Edward Brady (eds.), Mesas & Cosmologies in Mesoamerica. San Diego Museum of Man
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  18. Alberto Cappi (2013). Cosmologia standard e oltre. In Isabella Tassani (ed.), Oltre la fisica normale. Interpretazioni alternative e teorie non standard nella fisica moderna. © ISONOMIA – Epistemologica, University of Urbino 96-115.
    Nel corso della seconda metà del XX secolo si è progressivamente svilppata ed affermata una cosmologia “standard”: vedremo in che cosa consiste e come si è costituita. Vedremo anche quali sono i suoi limiti e quali nuove teorie si candidano per superarli. Vorrei comunque chiarire subito che la cosmologia standard, per quanto possano sembrare sorprendenti i suoi risultati (qualche specialista parla di preposterous universe, ovvero di un assurdo universo), si fonda su esperimenti ed osservazioni, ed avrebbe potuto essere falsificata tante (...)
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  19. Allen J. Christenson (2003). Manipulating the Cosmos : Shamanic Tables Among the Highland Maya. In Douglas Sharon & James Edward Brady (eds.), Mesas & Cosmologies in Mesoamerica. San Diego Museum of Man 93--104.
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  20. C. J. S. Clarke (1974). Quantum Theory and Cosmolog. Philosophy of Science 41 (4):317-332.
    Interpretations, or generalizations, of quantum theory that are applicable to cosmology are of interest because they must display and resolve the "paradoxes" directly. The Everett interpretation is reexamined and compared with two alternatives. Its "metaphysical" connotations can be removed, after which it is found to be more acceptable than a theory which incorporates collapse, while retaining some unsatisfactory features.
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  21. Dirk L. Couprie (2011). Heaven and Earth in Ancient Greek Cosmology: From Thales to Heraclides Ponticus. Springer.
    Exploring the decisive steps taken by Anaximander of Miletus, this book details the transition from the archaic cosmological world-picture of a flat earth with a celestial vault to the Western world-picture of a free floating earth in an ...
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  22. William Lane Craig (1997). Hartle-Hawking Cosmology and Atheism. Analysis 57 (4):291 - 295.
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  23. William Lane Craig (1993). Theism, Atheism, and Big Bang Cosmology. Oxford University Press.
    Contemporary science presents us with the remarkable theory that the universe began to exist about fifteen billion years ago with a cataclysmic explosion called "the Big Bang." The question of whether Big Bang cosmology supports theism or atheism has long been a matter of discussion among the general public and in popular science books, but has received scant attention from philosophers. This book sets out to fill this gap by means of a sustained debate between two philosophers, William Lane Craig (...)
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  24. Tim Crowther, On Describing the Total Universe as the Non-Self-Similar Fractal (NSSF) Set.
    One conceptual question has been puzzling people for a long time: As the observable universe has been expanding, what has it been expanding into and where did it come from? In this essay I will combine the two questions above to one: What is the Total Universe? I will begin attempt to develop such a description by examining the linguistic human limitations because I believe that this language barrier between our evolved language and a description of the total universe can (...)
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  25. Robert J. Deltete (2010). Entropic Creation: Religious Contexts of Thermodynamics and Cosmology. By Helge S. Kragh. Zygon 45 (1):281-282.
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  26. James W. Dow (2003). Sierra Otomí Religious Symbolism : Mankind Responding to the Natural World. In Douglas Sharon & James Edward Brady (eds.), Mesas & Cosmologies in Mesoamerica. San Diego Museum of Man
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  27. Willem B. Drees (1991). Quantum Cosmologies and the "Beginning". Zygon 26 (3):373-396.
  28. Alfred Driessen (1997). The Question of the Existence of God in the Book of Stephen Hawking: A Brief History of Time. In Alfred Driessen & Antoine Suarez (eds.), Mathematical undecidability, quantum nonlocality, and the question of the existence of God. Springer
    The continuing interest in the book of S. Hawking "A Brief History of Time" makes a philosophical evaluation of the content highly desirable. As will be shown, the genre of this work can be identified as a speciality in philosophy, namely the proof of the existence of God. In this study an attempt is given to unveil the philosophical concepts and steps that lead to the final conclusions, without discussing in detail the remarkable review of modern physical theories. In order (...)
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  29. Alfred Driessen (1997). The Question of the Existence of God in the Book of Stephen Hawking: A Brief History of Time. In Alfred Driessen & Antoine Suarez (eds.), Mathematical undecidability, quantum nonlocality, and the question of the existence of God. Springer
    The continuing interest in the book of S. Hawking "A Brief History of Time" makes a philosophical evaluation of the content highly desirable. As will be shown, the genre of this work can be identified as a speciality in philosophy, namely the proof of the existence of God. In this study an attempt is given to unveil the philosophical concepts and steps that lead to the final conclusions, without discussing in detail the remarkable review of modern physical theories. In order (...)
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  30. Pierre Maurice Marie Duhem (1985). Medieval Cosmology: Theories of Infinity, Place, Time, Void, and the Plurality of Worlds. University of Chicago Press.
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  31. Evelyn Edson (2004). Medieval Views of the Cosmos. Bodleian Library, University of Oxford.
    Once upon a time, the universe was much simpler: before our modern understanding of an infinite formless space scattered with pulsating stars, revolving planets, and mysterious black holes, the universe was seen as a rigid hierarchical system with the earth and the human race at its center. Medieval Views of the Cosmos investigates this worldview shared by medieval societies, revealing how their modes of thought affect us even today. In the medieval world system--inherited by Christians and Muslims from the Greeks (...)
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  32. François Elmir (2005). Science Et Technique : Études d'Histoire Et D'Épistémologie. Siress.
    -- t. 2. Origines médiévales de la science.
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  33. Harvie Ferguson (1990). The Science of Pleasure: Cosmos and Psyche in the Bourgeois World View. Routledge.
    Examines the formation, structure and collapse of the bourgeois world view, exploring the concepts of fun, happiness, pleasure, and excitement.
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  34. Dominik Filipp, External Cause of the Universe.
    The article explains how the primordial singularity can be understood as a cause having brought the Universe into empirical existence. It also addresses the nonempirical nature of such a cause.
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  35. David J. Furley (1987). The Greek Cosmologists. Cambridge University Press.
    Furley's study presents a clear picture of the opposing views of the natural world and its contents as seen by philosophers and scientists in classical antiquity. On one side were the materialists whose world was mechanistic, evolutionary, and unbounded, lacking the focus of a natural center. The other side included teleologists, whose world was purposive, non-evolutionary, finite, and centrifocal. This volume takes the reader up to the criticisms of Plato and Aristotle. The second volume will examine Plato and Aristotle's own (...)
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  36. P. P. Gaĭdenko & V. V. Petrov (eds.) (2005). Kosmos I Dusha: Uchenii͡a o Vselennoĭ I Cheloveke V Antichnosti I V Srednie Veka: (Issledovanii͡a I Perevody). Progress-Tradit͡sii͡a.
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  37. Han Geurdes (2010). CHSH and Local Causlaity. Adv Studies Theoretical Physics 4 (20):945.
    Mathematics equivalent to Bell's derivation of the inequalities, also allows a local hidden variables explanation for the correlation between distant measurements.
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  38. James Goetz, The Impossibility of an Infinite Number of Elapsed Planck Times.
    This note briefly discusses the observation of elapsed time in a flat universe while exploring the argument of past-eternal time versus emergent time in cosmology. A flat universe with an incomplete past forever has a finite age. Despite an infinite number of Planck time coordinates independent of phenomena and endless expansion, a flat universe never develops an age with an infinite number of Planck times. This observation indicates the impossibility of infinitely elapsed time in the future or past, which limits (...)
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  39. James Goetz (2005). Natural History in Seventy Words: A Contribution to the Cosmology Dialogue. Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith 57 (2):166.
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  40. Tyron Goldschmidt (ed.) (2013). The Puzzle of Existence: Why Is There Something Rather Than Nothing? Routledge.
    This groundbreaking volume investigates the most fundamental question of all: Why is there something rather than nothing? The question is explored from diverse and radical perspectives: religious, naturalistic, platonistic and skeptical. Does science answer the question? Or does theology? Does everything need an explanation? Or can there be brute, inexplicable facts? Could there have been nothing whatsoever? Or is there any being that could not have failed to exist? Is the question meaningful after all? The volume advances cutting-edge debates in (...)
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  41. Judith Green (2003). Altars for Ancestors : Maya Altars for the Days of the Dead in Yucatán. In Douglas Sharon & James Edward Brady (eds.), Mesas & Cosmologies in Mesoamerica. San Diego Museum of Man
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  42. Petar V. Grujić (2007). Some Epistemic Questions of Cosmology. Foundations of Science 12 (1):39-83.
    We discuss a number of fundamental aspects of modern cosmological concepts, from the phenomenological, observational, theoretical and epistemic points of view. We argue that the modern cosmology, despite a great advent, in particular in the observational sector, is yet to solve important problems, posed already by the classical times. In particular the stress is put on discerning the scientific features of modern cosmological paradigms from the more speculative ones, with the latter immersed in some aspects deeply into mythological world (...)
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  43. A. Grunbaum (2000). A New Critique of Theological Interpretations of Physical Cosmology. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 51 (1):1-43.
    This paper is a sequel to my 'Theological Misinterpretations of Current Physical Cosmology' (Foundations of Physics [1996], 26 (4); revised in Philo [1998], 1 (1)). There I argued that the Big Bang models of (classical) general relativity theory, as well as the original 1948 versions of the steady state cosmology, are each logically incompatible with the time-honored theological doctrine that perpetual divine creation ('creatio continuans') is required in each of these two theorized worlds. Furthermore, I challenged the perennial theological doctrine (...)
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  44. Adolf Grünbaum (1991). Creation as a Pseudo-Explanation in Current Physical Cosmology. Erkenntnis 35 (1-3):233 - 254.
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  45. Haulianlal Guite, A Philosophical Critique of Evolution as a Concept.
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  46. Hans Halvorson (forthcoming). Theism and Physical Cosmology. In Charles Taliaferro, Victoria Harrison & Stewart Goetz (eds.), Routledge Companion to Theism.
    Physical cosmology purports to establish precise and testable claims about the origin of the universe. Thus, cosmology bears directly on traditional metaphysical claims -- in particular, claims about whether the universe has a creator (i.e. God). What is the upshot of cosmology for the claims of theism? Does big-bang cosmology support theism? Do recent developments in quantum and string cosmology undermine theism? We discuss the relations between physical cosmology to theism from both historical and systematic points of view.
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  47. Hans Halvorson, Cosmology and Theology. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  48. Hermes (ed.) (2006). Hermes Trismegistus, de Sex Rerum Principiis. Brepols.
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  49. Peter E. Hodgson (1995). Theism, Atheism and Big Bang Cosmology. International Philosophical Quarterly 35 (1):105-107.
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  50. Rodney D. Holder (2001). The Realization of Infinitely Many Universes in Cosmology. Religious Studies 37 (3):343-350.
    It is shown that, for certain classes of cosmological model which either postulate or give rise to infinitely many universes, only a measure zero subset of the set of possible universes above a given size can in fact be physically realized. It follows that claims to explain the fine tuning of our universe on the basis of such models by appeal to the existence of all possible universes fail.
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