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Philosophy of Gender, Race, and Sexuality

Edited by Lynne Tirrell (University of Massachusetts, Boston)
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  1. added 2015-07-21
    John Arthur (2007). Race, Equality, and the Burdens of History. Cambridge University Press.
    John Arthur philosophically addresses the problems of racism and the legacy of past racial discrimination in the United States. Offering a thorough analysis of the concepts of race and racism, Arthur also discusses racial equality, poverty and race, reparations and affirmative action, and merit in ways that cut across the usual political lines. A philosopher, former civil-rights plaintiff and professor at an historically black college in the South, Arthur draws on both his personal experiences as well as his rigorous philosophical (...)
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  2. added 2015-07-13
    Daniel Koch (forthcoming). It’s Not (Only) The Joke’s Fault: A Speech Act Approach To Offensive Humor. Philosophisches Jahrbuch.
    Usually the ethics of humor revolves around the content of humor. After giving a synopsis and exposing some shortcomings of the recent controversies, this paper takes into account additional aspects and proposes a change of perspective from token to type level and deploys tools of the philosophy of language to tackle the question whether a joke as a type can be considered morally flawed irrespective of its tokens. After exploring possible ways one can think of to furnish evidence for the (...)
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  3. added 2015-07-09
    Nancy McHugh (2015). The Limits of Knowledge: Generating Pragmatist Feminist Cases for Situated Knowing. SUNY Press.
    Argues for a transactionally situated approach to science and medicine in order to meet the needs of marginalized groups. -/- The Limits of Knowledge provides an understanding of what pragmatist feminist theories look like in practice, combining insights from the work of American pragmatist John Dewey concerning experimental inquiry and transaction with arguments for situated knowledge rooted in contemporary feminism. Using case studies to demonstrate some of the particular ways that dominant scientific and medical practices fail to meet the health (...)
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  4. added 2015-07-08
    Muhammad Velji (2015). Change Your Look, Change Your Luck: Religious Self-Transformation and Brute Luck Egalitarianism. Res Philosophica 92 (2):453-471.
    My intention in this paper is to reframe the practice of veiling as an embodied practice of self-development and self-transformation. I argue that practices like these cannot be handled by the choice/chance distinction relied on by those who would restrict religious minority accommodations. Embodied self-transformation necessarily means a change in personal identity and this means the religious believer cannot know if they will need religious accommodation when they begin their journey of piety. Even some luck egalitarians would find leaning exclusively (...)
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  5. added 2015-07-08
    Grant J. Silva (2015). Embodying a "New" Color Line: Racism, Ant-Immigrant Sentiment and Racial Identities in the "Post-Racial" Era. Knowledge Cultures 3 (1).
    This essay explores the intersection of racism, racial embodiment theory and the recent hostility aimed at immigrants and foreigners in the United States, especially the targeting of people of Latin American descent and Latino/as. Anti-immigrant and anti-foreigner sentiment is racist. It is the embodiment of racial privilege for those who wield it and the materiality of racial difference for those it is used against. This manifestation of racial privilege and difference rests upon a redrawing of the color line that is (...)
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  6. added 2015-07-02
    Ryan Preston-Roedder & Erica Preston-Roedder, Grief and Recovery.
    Imagine that someone recovers relatively quickly, say, within two or three months, from grief over the death of her spouse, whom she loved and who loved her; and suppose that, after some brief interval, she remarries. Does the fact that she feels better and moves on relatively quickly somehow diminish the quality of her earlier relationship? Does it constitute a failure to do well by the person who died? Our aim is to respond to two arguments that give affirmative answers (...)
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  7. added 2015-07-01
    Erin Beeghly (2015). What is a Stereotype? What is Stereotyping? Hypatia 30 (3):n/a-n/a.
    If someone says, “Asians are good at math” or “women are empathetic,” I might interject, “you're stereotyping” in order to convey my disapproval of their utterance. But why is stereotyping wrong? Before we can answer this question, we must better understand what stereotypes are and what stereotyping is. In this essay, I develop what I call the descriptive view of stereotypes and stereotyping. This view is assumed in much of the psychological and philosophical literature on implicit bias and stereotyping, yet (...)
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  8. added 2015-07-01
    Nora Hämäläinen (2015). Reduce Ourselves to Zero?: Sabina Lovibond, Iris Murdoch, and Feminism. Hypatia 30 (3):n/a-n/a.
    In her book Iris Murdoch, Gender and Philosophy, Sabina Lovibond argues that Iris Murdoch's philosophical and literary work is covertly dedicated to an ideology of female subordination. The most central and interesting aspect of her multifaceted argument concerns Murdoch's focus on the individual person's moral self-scrutiny and transformation of consciousness. Lovibond suggests that this focus is antithetical to the kind of communal and structural criticism of society that has been essential for the advance of feminism. She further reads Murdoch's dismissal (...)
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  9. added 2015-07-01
    Susan Dieleman (2015). Epistemic Justice and Democratic Legitimacy. Hypatia 30 (3):n/a-n/a.
    The deliberative turn in political philosophy sees theorists attempting to ground democratic legitimacy in free, rational, and public deliberation among citizens. However, feminist theorists have criticized prominent accounts of deliberative democracy, and of the public sphere that is its site, for being too exclusionary. Iris Marion Young, Nancy Fraser, and Seyla Benhabib show that deliberative democrats generally fail to attend to substantive inclusion in their conceptions of deliberative space, even though they endorse formal inclusion. If we take these criticisms seriously, (...)
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  10. added 2015-07-01
    Yixuan Wang (2015). The Mystery Revealed—Intersectionality in the Black Box: An Analysis of Female Migrants' Employment Opportunities in Urban China. Hypatia 30 (3).
    Female migrant workers are doubly disadvantaged in China's urban labor market because of their doubly marginalized identities as both women and rural residents. This article takes a process-centered approach to explore how female migrants' two identity categories generate intersectional effects on their job-search experiences in cities. Data from in-depth interviews conducted in Xi'an city, China, in 2010 and 2011 reveal that three patterns of relationship explain the processes where the gender–hukou intersection affects female migrants. In the first pattern, a splintering (...)
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  11. added 2015-07-01
    Paula Casal (2015). Marx, Rawls, Cohen, and Feminism. Hypatia 30 (3):n/a-n/a.
    Although G. A. Cohen's work on Marx was flawed by a lack of gender-awareness, his work on Rawls owes much of its success to feminist inspiration. Cohen appeals effectively to feminism to rebut the basic structure objection to his egalitarian ethos, and could now appeal to feminism in response to Andrew Williams's publicity objection to this ethos. The article argues that Williams's objection is insufficient to rebut Cohen's ethos, inapplicable to variants of this ethos, and in conflict with plausible gender-egalitarian (...)
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  12. added 2015-07-01
    Mary Barbara Walsh (2015). Feminism, Adaptive Preferences, and Social Contract Theory. Hypatia 30 (3).
    Feminists have long been aware of the pathology and the dangers of what are now termed “adaptive preferences.” Adaptive preferences are preferences formed in unconscious response to oppression. Thinkers from each wave of feminism continue to confront the problem of women's internalization of their own oppression, that is, the problem of women forming their preferences within the confining and deforming space that patriarchy provides. All preferences are, in fact, formed in response to a limited set of options, but not all (...)
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  13. added 2015-06-29
    Christopher Grau & Aaron Smuts (eds.) (forthcoming). Oxford Handbook of the Philosophy of Love. Oxford University Press.
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  14. added 2015-06-29
    Aaron Smuts (forthcoming). The Ethics of Imagination and Fantasy. In Amy Kind (ed.), Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Imagination.
    The "ethics of imagination" or the "ethics of fantasy" encompasses the various ways in which we can morally evaluate the imagination. This topic covers a range of different kinds of imagination: (1) fantasizing, (2) engaging with fictions, and (3) dreaming. The clearest, live ethical question concerns the moral value of taking pleasure in undeserved suffering, whether willfully imagined, represented, or dreamed. Much of this entry concerns general theoretical considerations and how they relate to the ethics of fantasy. In the final (...)
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  15. added 2015-06-29
    Aaron Smuts (forthcoming). Love and Death: The Problem of Resilience. In Michael Cholbi (ed.), Immortality and the Philosophy of Death. Rowman and Littlefield
    The strongly resilient are able to quickly get over the loss of their beloved. This is not an entirely attractive capacity. In this paper, I argue that it is appropriate to be distressed about the fact that we might, quickly or slowly, get over the death of our loved ones. Moller argues that the principal problem with resilience is that it puts us in a defective epistemological position, one where we are no longer able to appreciate the significance of what (...)
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  16. added 2015-06-29
    Judith Lichtenberg (2002). Racism in the Head, Racism in the World. In Galston Gehring (ed.), Philosophical Dimensions of Public Policy. 91-96.
  17. added 2015-06-26
    Susanne Moser (2014). Vom Wert der Liebe. Labyrinth: An International Journal for Philosophy, Value Theory and Sociocultural Hermeneutics 16 (2):20-47.
    On the Value of Love -/- The main purpose of the article is to show by means of an analysis of the development of the different philosophical conceptions of love in the history of philosophy that there is a deep connection between the problems of love and those of values, even this connection is not always been explicitly thematized. Through a discussion of the connection between love and knowledge, love and autonomy, love and mysticism, and the role of romantic love, (...)
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  18. added 2015-06-15
    Nick Riggle (2014). Beauty and Love. In Michael Kelly (ed.), Oxford Encyclopedia of Aesthetics. Oxford University Press
    A brief history, overview, and assessment of the thesis that beauty is the object of love.
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  19. added 2015-06-14
    Jeffrey A. Gauthier (2014). Prostitution and Paternalism. In David Boersema (ed.), Dimensions of Moral Agency. Cambridge Scholars Press 194-202.
    Both liberals and feminists have long criticized the paternalistic approach to prostitution found in most jurisdictions in the U.S. In his recent book Prostitution and Liberalism, Peter de Marneffe defends just such an intervention, arguing that the demonstrated harmfulness of a life of prostitution justifies paternalistic policies aimed at reducing the number of women who are involved in it. Although de Marneffe does not endorse the prohibitionist approach typical in the U.S., he argues that the best reasons for alternative approaches (...)
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  20. added 2015-06-12
    Ralph Wedgwood (forthcoming). Is Civil Marriage Illiberal? In Elizabeth Brake (ed.), Beyond Marriage. Oxford University Press
    This paper defends the institution of civil marriage against the objection that it is inconsistent with political liberalism, and so should be either totally abolished or else transformed virtually beyond recognition.
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  21. added 2015-06-07
    Jeffrey A. Gauthier (1999). Consent, Coercion, and Sexual Autonomy. In Keith Burgess-Jackson (ed.), A Most Detestable Crime: New Philosophical Essays on Rape. Oxford University Press 71-91.
    Feminist legal scholarship has questioned the usefulness of non-consent as a criterion for rape. Under conditions of generalized sexual oppression, consent may not be an adequate for absence of coercion. I defend this argument and propose that rape law reform can be usefully informed by state protection of workers in the capitalist labor market, where it is assumed that the parties occupy an unequal bargaining position.
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  22. added 2015-06-07
    Jeffrey A. Gauthier (1999). Hegel and the Problem of Particularity in Moral Judgment. Women's Philosophy Review 22:58-79.
    Barbara Herman's account of rules of moral salience goes far in explaining how Kantian moral theory can integrate historically emergent normative criticisms such as that offered by feminists. The ethical motives that initially lead historical agents to expand our moral categories, however, are often at odds with Kant's (and Herman's) theory of moral motivations. I argue that Hegel offers a more accurate account of ethical motivation under oppressive conditions.
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  23. added 2015-06-04
    Helen A. Fielding (2015). Cultivating Perception: Phenomenological Encounters with Artworks. Signs 40 (2):280-289.
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  24. added 2015-05-22
    Sylvia Burrow & Chris Bailey (2013). Sexual Autonomy and Violence Against Women. In Robert Scott Stewart (ed.), Talk About Sex: A Multidisciplinary Discussion. CBU Press
    Our position is that the threat and experience of violence that sex workers face is a crucial issue to address and should be considered in debates concerning the legalization of prostitution because even in countries where prostitution is legalized, prostitutes continue to experience violence. Our focus is to show that violence is crucially important to address because both the experience and the fear of physical, sexual or psychological harm erodes women’s capacity to choose and act autonomously. We shall argue, then, (...)
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  25. added 2015-05-20
    Chenyang Li (2015). Confucian Ethics and Care Ethics: The Political Dimension of a Scholarly Debate. Hypatia 30 (3):n/a-n/a.
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  26. added 2015-05-20
    Aída Hurtado & Cynthia M. Paccacerqua (2015). Not All Clarities Are Created Equal: The Politics of “Opaqueness. Hypatia 30 (3):620-627.
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  27. added 2015-05-20
    Verónica Schild (2015). Emancipation as Moral Regulation: Latin American Feminisms and Neoliberalism. Hypatia 30 (3):547-563.
    The article argues that feminist emancipation, understood as practices and discourses of self-development and of solidarity as empowerment, has become entangled with the neoliberal project. Indeed, emancipation as self-improvement has become synonymous with moral regulation projects that seek to adapt women to global capitalism. The article explores the relation between emancipation and neoliberal regulation from a situated approach by addressing the experience of Latin American feminisms, with a particular focus on Chile. This approach recognizes by implication that Latin American feminisms (...)
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  28. added 2015-05-20
    Susanne Lettow (2015). Editor's Introduction–Emancipation: Rethinking Subjectivity, Power, and Change. Hypatia 30 (3):501-512.
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  29. added 2015-05-20
    Analouise Keating (2015). Living Language. Hypatia 30 (3):628-635.
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  30. added 2015-05-14
    Anca Gheaus (2015). Feminism and Gender. In Andrew Fiala (ed.), Bloomsbury Companion to Political Philosophy. Bloomsbury 167-183.
  31. added 2015-05-14
    Alison Bailey (2014). Navigating Epistemic Pushback in Feminist and Critical Race Philosophy Classes. Apa Newsletter on Feminism and Philosophy 14 (1):3-7.
    My contribution to this conversation sets out to accomplish two things: First, I offer a definition of epistemic pushback. Epistemic pushback is an expression of epistemic resistance that occurs regularly in classroom discussions that touch our core beliefs, sense of self, politics, or worldv iews. Epistemic pushback is structural: It broadly characterizes a family of cognitive, affective, and verbal tactics that are deployed regularly to dodge the challenging and exhausting chore of engaging topics and questions that scare us. It can (...)
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  32. added 2015-05-13
    Katrien Schaubroeck (2015). Het Medicijn van de Liefde. In Channa van Dijk, Eva van der Graaf, Michiel den Haan, Rosa de Jong, Christiaan Roodenburg, Dyane Til & Deva Waal (eds.), Under Influence - Philosophical Festival Drift (2014). Omnia 10-29.
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  33. added 2015-05-11
    Amy Billingsley (2015). Hope in a Vice: Carole Pateman, Judith Butler, and Suspicious Hope. Hypatia 30 (3):597-612.
    Eve Sedgwick critiques paranoid methodologies for denying a plurality of affective approaches. Instead, she emphasizes affects such as hope, but her description of hope's openness does not address how hope can avoid discourses that appear to offer amelioration while deceptively masking subjugation. In this context, I will argue that suspicion in feminist political philosophy, as shown in the earlier work of Carole Pateman and Judith Butler, provides a cautious approach toward hope's openness without precluding hope altogether. This analysis will reconsider (...)
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  34. added 2015-05-04
    Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther (forthcoming). Race and Biology. In Linda Alcoff, Luvell Anderson & Paul Taylor (eds.), The Routledge Companion to the Philosophy of Race. Routledge
    The ontology of race is replete with moral, political, and scientific implications. This book chapter surveys proposals about the reality of race, distinguishing among three levels of analysis: biogenomic, biological, and social. The relatively homogeneous structure of human genetic variation casts doubt upon the practice of postulating distinct biogenomic races that might be mapped onto socially recognized race categories.
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