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Philosophy of Gender, Race, and Sexuality

Edited by Lynne Tirrell (University of Massachusetts, Boston)
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  1. added 2016-06-25
    Emmalon Davis (2016). Typecasts, Tokens, and Spokespersons: A Case for Credibility Excess as Testimonial Injustice. Hypatia 31 (2).
    Miranda Fricker maintains that testimonial injustice is a matter of credibility deficit, not excess. In this article, I argue that this restricted characterization of testimonial injustice is too narrow. I introduce a type of identity-prejudicial credibility excess that harms its targets qua knowers and transmitters of knowledge. I show how positive stereotyping and prejudicially inflated credibility assessments contribute to the continued epistemic oppression of marginalized knowers. In particular, I examine harms such as typecasting, compulsory representation, and epistemic exploitation and consider (...)
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  2. added 2016-06-25
    Nancy J. Hirschmann (2016). The Sexual Division of Labor and the Split Paycheck. Hypatia 31 (2):n/a-n/a.
    This essay takes up an apparently minor idea of Susan Moller Okin's Justice, Gender, and the Family—that employers should split the paycheck of wage-earning husbands between employees and their stay-at-home spouses—and suggests that it actually threatens to undermine Okin's entire argument by perpetuating the most central cause of women's inequality by Okin's own account: the sexual division of labor. Recognizing the vital contributions that Okin's seminal work made and the impact that it had on the field of feminist philosophy and (...)
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  3. added 2016-06-25
    Saba Fatima (2016). Striving for God's Attention: Gendered Spaces and Piety. Hypatia 31 (2).
    This article looks at the inadequacy of space available to women in the two most holy sites for all Muslims: Masjid al-Haram in Makkah and Masjid an-Nabawi in Madinah, Saudi Arabia. I argue that religious discourse, shaped by geopolitical factors, has framed piety for women primarily in terms of modesty, such that a woman is often considered a good Muslim if she is visible only within her female community but invisible to the larger society. Furthermore, I argue that the allocation (...)
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  4. added 2016-06-25
    Brooke A. Ackerly (2016). Raising One Eyebrow and Re‐Envisioning Justice, Gender, and the Family. Hypatia 31 (2).
    As part of a celebration of Susan Okin's Justice, Gender, and the Family, this article notes how some impacts of the book were so accepted that their original source has been forgotten. It goes on to make three critical arguments about 1) Okin's pared-down account of gender injustice, 2) her choice to embrace the Rawlsian distributive view of justice, and 3) her treatment of the family as the linchpin of gender injustice.
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  5. added 2016-06-22
    Rachel Fredericks (2016). Review of Love and Its Objects: What Can We Care For? [REVIEW] Hypatia Reviews Online:NA.
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  6. added 2016-06-20
    Timothy Stanley (2016). Bonhoeffer's Anti-Judaism. Political Theology 17 (3):1-9.
    On 2 July 2000, Yad Vashem, Israel's Holocaust Martyrs and Heroes Remembrance Authority, deferred action on the petition to have Dietrich Bonhoeffer named a righteous gentile. My contention is that critics of this decision conceal a more pernicious difficulty that arises in Bonhoeffer's Lutheran legacy. David Nirenberg's recent Anti-Judaism: The Western Tradition, demonstrates the history and development of such categories with particular attention to Luther. What goes unnoticed is the ongoing operations of anti-Judaism in later theologians such as Bonhoeffer. Although (...)
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  7. added 2016-06-18
    B. R. George, What Even is 'Gender'?
    This paper presents a new taxonomy of sex/gender concepts based on the idea of starting with a few basic components of the sex/gender system, and exhausting the possible types of simple associations and identities based on these. The resulting system is significantly more fine-grained than most competitors, and helps to clarify a number of points of confusion and conceptual tension in academic and activist conversations about feminism, transgender politics, and the social analysis of gender.
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  8. added 2016-06-10
    Holly Lawford-Smith (forthcoming). Offsetting Class Privilege. Journal of Practical Ethics.
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  9. added 2016-06-09
    Clara Fischer (2016). Gender, Nation, and the Politics of Shame: Magdalen Laundries and the Institutionalization of Feminine Transgression in Modern Ireland. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 41 (4):821-843.
    In this article, I trace the politics of shame in the context of the problematization of women’s bodies as markers of sexual immorality in modern Ireland. I argue that the post-Independence project of national identity formation established women as bearers of virtue and purity and that sexual transgression threatening this new identity came to be severely punished. By hiding women, children, and all those deemed to be dangerous to national self-representations of purity, the Irish state, supported by Catholic moral values (...)
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  10. added 2016-06-09
    Angela Johnson, Sybol Cook Anderson & Kathryn J. Norlock (2009). A Moral Imperative: Retaining Women of Color in Science Education. Atlantis: Critical Studies in Gender, Culture and Social Justice 33 (2):72-82.
    This article considers the experiences of a group of women science students of color who reported encountering moral injustices, including misrecognition, lack of peer support, and disregard for their altruistic motives. We contend that university science departments face a moral imperative to cultivate equal relationships and the altruistic power of science.
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  11. added 2016-05-26
    Carrie Jenkins (forthcoming). What Love Is And What It Could Be. Basic Books.
    This book unpicks the conceptual, ideological, and metaphysical tangles that get in the way of understanding romantic love. -/- Written for a general audience, What Love Is And What It Could Be explores different disciplinary perspectives on love, in search of the bigger picture. It presents a "dual-nature" theory: romantic love is simultaneously both a biological phenomenon and a social construct. The key philosophical insight comes in explaining why this a coherent—and indeed a necessary—position to take. -/- The deep motivation (...)
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  12. added 2016-05-25
    Jorge J. E. Gracia, Racisms: Racial, Ethnic, and National.
    Racism has been the subject of considerable attention in recent years, and although many varieties of it have been identified and discussed, most of the discussions take insufficient account of the differences between the racial, ethnic, and national elements that play roles in it. Nonetheless, the talk of racism against members of ethnic and national groups is quite common and gives rise to misunderstandings and confusions about what racism is and the various forms it can take when these differences are (...)
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  13. added 2016-05-22
    Alberto G. Urquidez (forthcoming). Jorge L. A. Garcia and the Ordinary Use of 'Racist Belief'. Social Theory and Practice.
    This paper argues that philosophical explanations of the ordinary use of 'racist' and 'racism' should not proceed on the presupposition that there is one privileged use of the target term (e.g., 'racist belief,' 'racist intention,' and so forth). Philosophers should instead 'look and see' how the target term is used across contexts of use. I develop this objection in respect to Jorge L. A. Garcia's highly influential account of racism as racial disregard. His volitional theory is rejected on the grounds (...)
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  14. added 2016-05-21
    Danielle Petherbridge (2016). What's Critical About Vulnerability? Rethinking Interdependence, Recognition, and Power. Hypatia 31 (2):n/a-n/a.
    Images of vulnerability have populated the philosophical landscape from Hobbes to Hegel, Levinas to Foucault, often designating a sense of corporeal susceptibility to injury, or of being threatened or wounded and therefore have been predominantly associated with violence, finitude, or mortality. More recently, feminist theorists such as Judith Butler and Adriana Cavarero have begun to rethink corporeal vulnerability as a critical or ethical category, one based on our primary interdependence and intercorporeality. However, many contemporary theorists continue to associate vulnerability with (...)
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  15. added 2016-05-19
    Everett Fulmer (forthcoming). Love, Justice, and Divine Simplicity. In Ingolf Dalferth (ed.), Claremont Studies in the Philosophy of Religion: Love and Justice. Mohr Siebeck
    Love seems to be an inherently biased and partial relation. Justice seems to require the opposite: detached impartiality (think, e.g., of the attributes of a just judge). If these are conceptual facts, then traditional theism is guilty of ascribing inconsistent attributes to God: perfect love and perfect justice. I wish to discuss this apparent paradox below. I argue that detached impartiality is not essential to justice, but is only a means for achieving what is: equality of consideration. And while detached (...)
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  16. added 2016-05-15
    Ann A. Pang-White (2016). Neo-Confucians and Zhu Xi on Family and Woman: Challenges and Potentials,”. In The Bloomsbury Research Handbook of Chinese Philosophy and Gender. 69-88.
    In Chinese philosophy’s encounter with modernity and feminist discourse, Neo-Confucianism often suffered the most brutal attacks and criticisms. In “Neo-Confucians and Zhu Xi on Family and Woman: Challenges and Potentials,” Ann A. Pang-White investigates Song Neo-Confucians’ views (in particular, that of Zhu Xi) on women by examining the Classifi ed Conversations of Zhu Xi (Zhuzi Yulei), the Reflections on Things at Hand (Jinsi Lu), Further Reflections on Things at Hand (Xu Jinsi Lu), and other texts. Pang-White also takes a close (...)
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  17. added 2016-05-15
    Ann A. Pang-White (2016). Non-Self, Agency, and Women: Buddhism’s Modern Transformation. In The Bloomsbury Research Handbook of Chinese Philosophy and Gender (London, UK: Bloomsbury Academic). 331-356.
    In “Non-self, Agency, and Women: Buddhism’s Modern Transformation,” Ann A. Pang-White argues that “non-self (anātman 無我)” and “emptiness (śūnyatā 空)” necessarily entail nonduality. Buddha nature is neither male nor female. Nonetheless, conflicting teachings are found in various Theravada and Mahayana texts. The more conservative texts have historically resulted in long-standing patriarchal practices: Buddhist nuns receive much less respect and financial support than monks, often facing the possibility of extinction. In Taiwan, however, in a complete reversal, Buddhist nuns outnumber male monks (...)
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  18. added 2016-05-15
    Ann A. Pang-White (2016). Introduction: Rereading the Canon. In The Bloomsbury Research Handbook of Chinese Philosophy and Gender (London, UK: Bloomsbury Academic). 1-21.
    The Introductory chapter explains the purpose of the book. To this aim, the chapter contains four subsections: (1)Bring the Past Into the Present, (2)Multiculturalism and Liberal Feminism: Is the Rift Between Them Necessary?, (3)Development of Gender Discourse in Chinese Culture and Thought, (4)Purpose of This Volume and Its Four Main Parts, and (5) What's Next? A Way Forward. Excerpt: "Chinese philosophy, broadly construed, in its varied roots and forms has approximately three thousand years of history, and it continues to exert (...)
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  19. added 2016-05-14
    Cara E. Jones (2016). The Pain of Endo Existence: Toward a Feminist Disability Studies Reading of Endometriosis. Hypatia 31 (2).
    Disability scholars have critiqued medical models that pathologize disability as an individual flaw that needs treatment, rehabilitation, and cure, favoring instead a social-constructionist approach that likens disability to other identity categories such as gender, race, class, and sexuality. However, the emphasis on social constructionism has left chronic illness and pain largely untheorized. This article argues that feminist disability studies must attend to the common, chronic gynecological condition endometriosis when theorizing pain. Endo is particularly important for FDS analysis because the highly (...)
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  20. added 2016-05-13
    Geoffrey S. Holtzman (2016). Rejecting Beliefs, or Rejecting Believers? On the Importance and Exclusion of Women in Philosophy. Hypatia 31 (2):293-312.
    Why has gender equality progressed so much more slowly in philosophy than in other academic disciplines? Here, I address both factual and theoretical matters relating to the causes, effects, and potential redress of the lack of women in philosophy. First, I debunk extant claims that women are more likely than men to disagree with their philosophy professors and male peers; that women are more sensitive to disagreements in the philosophy classroom than men are; and that the gender imbalance in philosophy (...)
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  21. added 2016-05-13
    Robyn Lee (2016). Feeding the Hungry Other: Levinas, Breastfeeding, and the Politics of Hunger. Hypatia 31 (2):259-274.
    Breastfeeding has become a subject of moral concern as its benefits have become well known. Encouraging mothers to breastfeed has been the goal of extensive public health promotion efforts. Emmanuel Levinas makes absolute responsibility to the Other central to his ethics, with giving food to the Other the paradigmatic ethical act. However, Levinas also provides an important critique of the autonomous individual who is taken for granted by breastfeeding promotion efforts. I argue that the ethical obligation to feed the hungry (...)
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  22. added 2016-05-13
    Sheila Lintott & Lissa Skitolsky (2016). Inclusive Pedagogy: Beyond Simple Content. Hypatia 31 (2):447-459.
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  23. added 2016-05-13
    Línlya Sachs, Marcelo Souza Motta, Daiane Priscila Sampaio Bussola & Marcos Felipe de Oliveira (2015). Conselhos tutelares E suas atuações de acordo com O estatuto da criança E do adolescente. Saberes Em Perspectiva 5 (13):67-76.
    Esta pesquisa teve como objetivo analisar o conhecimento teórico de conselhos tutelares sobre o Estatuto da Criança e do Adolescente e suas atuações a partir disso. Para isso, realizamos entrevistas com dois conselhos por meio de um questionário. As respostas foram dadas por escrito e, com elas, pudemos notar convergências e divergências entre esses conselhos. Com a análise, percebemos que cada conselho possui um olhar no seu trabalho, porém ambos possuem consciência de que seu dever é o de proteger e (...)
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  24. added 2016-05-13
    André Souza dos Santos (2015). Breve histórico sobre a concentraçâo de terras no brasil. Saberes Em Perspectiva 5 (13):43-65.
    The role of this article is to present a historical analysis of how the expropriation occurred and concentration of land in Brazil it has been since the arrival of the colonists to the present day. Evaluate how this event influenced, as a rule, expulsion and enslavement of indigenous peoples in their own lands, the enslavement of black Africans, in the Brazilian rural exodus, the swelling of the cities in recent decades; hunger in the field, the shortage of food commodities in (...)
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  25. added 2016-05-13
    Monique Whitaker (2015). Updating Syllabi, Reimagining Assignments, and Embracing Error: Strategies for Retaining Marginalized Students in Philosophy. American Association of Philosophy Teachers Studies in Pedagogy 1 (Practices in Pedagogy):3–16.
    One of the significant problems for philosophy’s development into a more diverse discipline is the familiar sharp reduction in the proportion of women and students of color after initial, introductory-level courses. This contributes to a lack in the breadth of perspective and experience that both upper-level students and faculty bring to philosophy, which in turn undermines the strength of the discipline as a whole. Much of the transformation of philosophy must necessarily happen at the departmental, and even university, level; but (...)
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  26. added 2016-05-13
    Leda Maria de Oliveira Rodrigues & Luciane Szatkoski (2015). Avaliação externa no ensino fundamental: A prova brasil E seus efeitos. Saberes Em Perspectiva 5 (13):25-41.
    Este artigo pretende discutir a avalição em larga escala, tema atual e polêmico, pois é um procedimento considerado preocupante para educadores e estudiosos da educação brasileira, em todas as suas modalidades, desde a educação básica até ao ensino superior. Abordaremos aqui a avaliação em larga escala já em processo no ensino fundamental, principalmente por tratar-se de fase crucial do ensino, a educação básica. No caso específico deste artigo, discutiremos a Prova Brasil, instrumento da avaliação em larga escala no Ensino Fundamental (...)
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  27. added 2016-05-12
    Ann A. Pang-White (ed.) (2016). Bloomsbury Research Handbook of Chinese Philosophy and Gender. Bloomsbury Academic.
    Covering the historical, social, political, and cultural contexts, The Bloomsbury Research Handbook of Chinese Philosophy and Gender presents a comprehensive overview of the complexity of gender disparity in Chinese thought and culture. -/- Divided into four main sections, an international group of experts in Chinese Studies write on Confucian, Daoist and Buddhist approaches to gender relations. Each section includes a general introduction, a set of authoritative articles written by leading scholars and comprehensive bibliographies, designed to provide the non-specialist with a (...)
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  28. added 2016-05-12
    Silmara Montejano & Pedro Vitor Barnabé Milanesi (2015). Travestilizando a Cidadania. Saberes Em Perspectiva 5 (12):35-55.
    Por meio de uma pesquisa em psicologia, com inspiração etnográfica, este artigo é resultado de um estudo realizado no decorrer de dez meses com travestis em Araras/SP, no qual se busca investigar as relações internas ao grupo e as ações articuladas via movimento LGBT para reconhecimento de direitos. As travestis apontam que o não reconhecimento de suas identidades de gênero colabora para que elas não sejam vistas enquanto sujeitos. Essa é uma das causas que explica a situação de marginalidade e (...)
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  29. added 2016-05-12
    Silvana do Nascimento Silva & Graça Carvalho (2015). Educação Ambiental no Programa Institucional de Bolsas de Iniciação a docência: trabalho colaborativo entre universidade e escola pública no interior da Bahia. Saberes Em Perspectiva 5 (12):7-26.
    The programme PIBID-EA intends to closer licensees of undergraduate teaching courses with the reality of public schools. By promoting the teacher-researcher training on the basis of implementing collaborative actions between universities and partner schools it aims at encouraging critical questioning of environmental issues, providing appropriate conditions for PIBID-EA-grant fellows initiate school teaching. University lecturers, elementary school supervisors and the school community collaborate in partnership to improve knowledge and develop values and skills for students acting in favour of sustainable society, where (...)
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  30. added 2016-05-12
    Jussara Almeida Midlej Silva & Isabela Benevides de Melo (2015). Pedagogas/profesoras E seus movimentos de professoralizaçâo com a matemática. Saberes Em Perspectiva 5 (12):27-33.
    Este texto apresenta uma investigação/formação em estágio inicial de recolha de informações, vinculada ao Programa de Pós-Graduação em Educação da Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia. Vincula-se à seguinte questão: Como as experiências vividas com a Matemática, nos percursos de formação, se expressam na professoralidade de pedagogos/professores? Tem como objetivos analisar experiências e percursos de formação de pedagogos/professores e as possibilidades destas terem resvalado para os modos de composição da professoralidade; compreender como se evidenciam, na professoralidade de pedagogos/professores, em denominados (...)
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  31. added 2016-05-09
    Alexis Shotwell & Ami Harbin (2015). Race and Bioethics. In John Arras, Rebecca Kukla & Elizabeth Fenton (eds.), Routledge Companion to Bioethics. Routledge 543-556.
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  32. added 2016-05-09
    Ami Harbin (2013). Review of Being Relational: Reflections on Relational Theory and Health Law and Policy (Ed. Jennifer Llewellyn and Jocelyn Downie). [REVIEW] Hypatia: A Journal of Feminist Philosophy:online.
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  33. added 2016-05-09
    Ami Harbin (2011). Review of The Promise of Happiness (Sara Ahmed). [REVIEW] Apa Newsletter on Feminism and Philosophy 11 (1):24-26.
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  34. added 2016-05-08
    María G. Navarro (forthcoming). Vindicación ético-política de la razón de ser de las causas comunes. [REVIEW] Isegoría. Revista de Filosofía Moral y Política 54.
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  35. added 2016-04-25
    Jan Willem Wieland (forthcoming). Willful Ignorance. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice:1-15.
    Michelle Moody-Adams suggests that “the main obstacle to moral progress in social practices is the tendency to widespread affected ignorance of what can and should already be known.” This explanation is promising, though to understand it we need to know what willful (affected, motivated, strategic) ignorance actually is. This paper presents a novel analysis of this concept, which builds upon Moody-Adams (1994) and is contrasted with a recent account by Lynch (2016).
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  36. added 2016-04-17
    Eloy LaBrada (forthcoming). Unsexing Subjects: Marie de Gournay's Philosophy of Sex Eliminativism. In Claudia Brodsky & Eloy LaBrada (eds.), Inventing Subjects: Essays on the Literary and Philosophical Production of the Modern Subject. Bloomsbury
    This chapter analyzes the early modern French skeptical philosopher Marie de Gournay (1565-1645), who makes the provocative claim that sex is not essential to being human and that, furthermore, sex is not a pregiven, natural fact but socially constituted all the way down. Gournay provides some of the first nurture over nature arguments about “sex,” which for her means something like the presumed differences between men and women, arguing that sex differences do not exist. Drawing from analytic social and feminist (...)
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  37. added 2016-04-09
    Adam Hochman (2016). Race: Deflate or Pop? Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 57.
    Neven Sesardic has recently defended his arguments in favour of racial naturalism—the view that race is a valid biological category—in response to my criticism of his work. While Sesardic claims that a strong version of racial naturalism can survive critique, he has in fact weakened his position considerably. He concedes that conventional racial taxonomy is arbitrary and he no longer identifies ‘races’ as human subspecies. Sesardic now relies almost entirely on Theodosius Dobzhansky’s notion of race-as-population. This weak approach to ‘race’—according (...)
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  38. added 2016-04-09
    Arto Laitinen (2014). From Recognition to Solidarity: Universal Respect, Mutual Support, and Social Unity. In Arto Laitinen & Anne Birgitta Pessi (eds.), Solidarity: Theory and Practice. Lexington Books 126-154.
    This chapter examines whether solidarity can be understood as a form of mutual recognition; or possibly, as a social phenomenon, which combines different forms of mutual recognition. The emphasis is on the connection between the thin principle of universal mutual respect, and the thicker relations between people, more sensitive to their particular needs and contributions, which social solidarity involves.
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  39. added 2016-04-09
    Arto Laitinen & Anne Birgitta Pessi (2014). Solidarity: Theory and Practice. An Introduction. In Arto Laitinen & Anne Birgitta Pessi (eds.), Solidarity: Theory and Practice. Lexington Books 1-29.
    This is an introduction to a collection of essays on solidarity. It maps the most important meanings of solidarity at the micro- and macrolevels.
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  40. added 2016-04-04
    Morgan Thompson, Toni Adleberg, Sam Sims & Eddy Nahmias (2016). Why Do Women Leave Philosophy? Surveying Students at the Introductory Level. Philosophers' Imprint 16 (6).
    Although recent research suggests that women are underrepresented in philosophy after initial philosophy courses, there have been relatively few empirical investigations into the factors that lead to this early drop-off in women’s representation. In this paper, we present the results of empirical investigations at a large American public university that explore various factors contributing to women’s underrepresentation in philosophy at the undergraduate level. We administered climate surveys to hundreds of students completing their Introduction to Philosophy course and examined differences in (...)
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  41. added 2016-04-03
    Timothy Hsiao (2016). Consenting Adults, Sex, and Natural Law Theory. Philosophia 43:1-21.
    This paper argues for the superiority of natural law theory over consent -based approaches to sexual morality. I begin by criticizing the “consenting adults” sexual ethic that is dominant in contemporary Western culture. I then argue that natural law theory provides a better account of sexual morality. In particular, I will defend the “perverted faculty argument”, according to which it is immoral to use one’s bodily faculties contrary to their proper end.
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  42. added 2016-04-03
    Michael D. Doan & Susan Sherwin (2016). Relational Solidarity and Climate Change. In Cheryl C. Macpherson (ed.), Climate Change and Health: Bioethical Insights Into Values and Policy. Springer International Publishing 79-88.
    The evidence is overwhelming that members of particularly wealthy and industry-owning segments of Western societies have much larger carbon footprints than most other humans, and thereby contribute far more than their “fair share” to the enormous problem of climate change. Nonetheless, in this paper we shall counsel against a strategy focused primarily on blaming and shaming and propose, instead, a change in the ethical conversation about climate change. We recommend a shift in the ethical framework from a focus on the (...)
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  43. added 2016-04-03
    Scott Anderson (2015). Objectification: A 21st Century Reassessment. In Thom Brooks (ed.), Current Controversies in Political Philosophy. Routledge 100-116.
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  44. added 2016-03-30
    Jennifer McWeeny (2016). The Metaphysics of Social Justice: Coalitional Activism at the Intersections of Sexism, Racism, and Heterosexism. In Cantice Greene (ed.), Teaching Women's Studies in Conservative Contexts: Considering Perspectives for an Inclusive Dialogue. Routledge 69-87.
    On February 3, 2010, a group of John Carroll University students and alumni walked onto the basketball court during halftime at a “Jesuit Spotlight” basketball game and remained seated there, holding rainbow flags and singing together, in protest against the University’s failure to adequately protect LGBTQ students and faculty members from harm and discrimination. This moment marked the beginning of a student-led activist campaign lasting many months whose explicit goal was to have John Carroll University change its Equal Employment Opportunity (...)
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  45. added 2016-03-28
    Elizabeth Anderson (2010). The Imperative of Integration. Princeton University Press.
    More than forty years have passed since Congress, in response to the Civil Rights Movement, enacted sweeping antidiscrimination laws in the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965, and the Fair Housing Act of 1968. As a signal achievement of that legacy, in 2008, Americans elected their first African American president. Some would argue that we have finally arrived at a postracial America, butThe Imperative of Integration indicates otherwise. Elizabeth Anderson demonstrates that, despite progress toward racial (...)
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