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Philosophy of Gender, Race, and Sexuality

Edited by Lynne Tirrell (University of Massachusetts, Boston)
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  1. added 2016-08-27
    Terence Rajivan Edward, The Definition of Systematizing in S. Baron-Cohen's Gender and Autism Research.
    The professor of psychopathology Simon Baron-Cohen is well-known for his thesis that males are on average stronger at systematizing than empathizing and females are on average stronger at empathizing than systematizing. In this paper, I note an ambiguity in how he defines systematizing.
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  2. added 2016-08-27
    Alison Wylie & Lorraine Greaves (1995). Women and Violence: Feminist Practice and Quantitative Method. In Sandra Burt & Lorraine Code (eds.), Changing Methods: Feminists Transforming Practice. Broadview Press 301-325.
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  3. added 2016-08-27
    Alison Wylie (1988). Methodological Essentialism: Comments on 'Philosophy, Sex, and Feminism' by de Sousa and Morgan. Atlantis 13 (2).
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  4. added 2016-08-26
    Ezio Di Nucci (forthcoming). IVF, Same-Sex Couples and the Value of Biological Ties. Journal of Medical Ethics.
    Ought parents, in general, to value being biologically tied to their children? Is it important, in particular, that both parents be biologically tied to their children? I will address these fundamental questions by looking at a fairly new practice within IVF treatments, so-called IVF-with-ROPA ( Reception of Oocytes from Partner ), which allows lesbian couples to „share motherhood‟ with one partner providing the eggs while the other becomes pregnant. I believe that IVF-with-ROPA is, just like other IVF treatments, morally permissible; (...)
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  5. added 2016-08-24
    Swami Narasimhananda (2016). Book Review Cut of the Real. [REVIEW] Prabuddha Bharata or Awakened India 121 (7):576.
    This work is an intersection of gender studies, philosophy, culture studies, with pertinent aspects of subjectivity. Anyone interested in any of these fields or connected with the humanities should read this book to understand that the ‘non-philosophical discourse implies a constitutive entanglement of the real with the transcendental’ (146).
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  6. added 2016-08-23
    Elizabeth Beaumont (2016). Gender Justice V. The “Invisible Hand” of Gender Bias in Law and Society. Hypatia 31 (3):668-686.
    How does so much gender inequality endure in an era when many laws and policies endorse principles of gender equality? This essay examines this dilemma by considering Susan Moller Okin's criticism of “false gender neutrality,” research on implicit bias, and the shifting relation of gender bias to American law. I argue that these are crucial elements of the modern cycle of gender inequality, enabling it to operate through a perverse “invisible-hand” mechanism. This framework helps convey how underlying gender bias influences (...)
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  7. added 2016-08-23
    Ruth Abbey (2016). Susan Okin's Justice, Gender, and the Family: Twenty‐Five Years Later. Hypatia 31 (3):636-637.
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  8. added 2016-08-20
    Patricia L. Grosse (2016). Love and the Patriarch: Augustine and Women. Hypatia 31 (3):n/a-n/a.
    Theories concerning love in the West tend to be bound by the problematic constraints of patriarchal conceptions of what counts ontologically as “true” or “universal” love. It seems that feminist love studies must choose between shining light on these constraints or bursting through them. In this article I give a feminist analysis of Augustine of Hippo's theory of love through a philosophical, psychological, and theological reading of his complicated relationships with women. I argue that, given the “embodied” nature of his (...)
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  9. added 2016-08-20
    Vivian M. May (2016). Anna Julia Cooper's Black Feminist Love‐Politics. Hypatia 31 (3).
    To flesh out love's potential for transformative imaginaries and politics, it is important to explore earlier examples of Black feminist theorizing on love. In this spirit, I examine Anna Julia Cooper, an early Black feminist educator, intellectual, and activist whose work is generally overlooked in feminist and anti-racist thinking on love, affect, and social change. Contesting narrow readings of Cooper, I first explore how critics might engage in more “loving” approaches to reading her work. I then delineate some of her (...)
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  10. added 2016-08-20
    Sanna Karhu (2016). Judith Butler's Critique of Violence and the Legacy of Monique Wittig. Hypatia 31 (3):n/a-n/a.
    Although Judith Butler's theorization of violence has begun to receive growing scholarly attention, the feminist theoretical background of her notion of violence remains unexplored. In order to fill this lacuna, this article explicates the feminist genealogy of Butler's notion of violence. I argue that Butler's theorization of violence can be traced back to Gender Trouble, to her discussion of Monique Wittig's argument that the binary categorization of sex can be conceived as a form of discursive violence. I contend, first, that (...)
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  11. added 2016-08-20
    Lena Gunnarsson (2016). Hetero‐Love in Patriarchy: An Autobiographical Substantiation. Hypatia 31 (3):n/a-n/a.
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  12. added 2016-08-20
    Deborah Mühlebach (2016). Reflective Equilibrium as an Ameliorative Framework for Feminist Epistemology. Hypatia 31 (3).
    As Helen Longino's overview of Hypatia's engagement with feminist epistemology suggests, the last twenty-five years’ contributions to this field reveal a strong focus on the topic of knowledge. In her short outline, Longino questions this narrow focus on knowledge in epistemological inquiry. The main purpose of this article is to provide a framework for systematically taking up the questions raised by Longino, one that prevents us from running the risk of becoming unreflectively involved in sexist, racist, or otherwise problematic inquiry. (...)
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  13. added 2016-08-20
    Krista Hyde (2016). Testimonial Injustice and Mindreading. Hypatia 31 (3):n/a-n/a.
    Miranda Fricker maintains that testimonial responsibility is the proper corrective to testimonial injustice. She proposes a perceptual-like “testimonial sensibility” to explain the transmission of knowledge through testimony. This sensibility is the means by which a hearer perceives an interlocutor's credibility level. When prejudice causes a hearer to inappropriately deflate the credibility attributed to a speaker, the sensibility may have functioned unreliably. Testimonial responsibility, she claims, will make the capacity reliable by reinflating credibility levels to their proper degree. I argue that (...)
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  14. added 2016-08-20
    Ornaith O'Dowd (2016). “Caring‐About” and the Problem of Overwhelming Obligations. Hypatia 31 (3).
    Care theorists often think of care as involving “caring-about”—concern or attentiveness—and “caring-for”—acting to nurture, look after, or meet needs. One problem for any theory of care is the scope of our obligations to care in both of those senses; in particular, our capacities for “caring-about” often outrun our capacities for “caring-for.” Accounts of care as potentially global in scope may ascribe overwhelming obligations to moral agents; however, we are often tempted to avoid or ignore situations that may call for a (...)
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  15. added 2016-08-18
    Helen Mussell (2016). The Truth of the Matter. Hypatia 31 (3):537-553.
    Feminist standpoint theory has a troubled history that has limited its use and development as a core feminist epistemological project. This article revisits debates from its past, and re-examines an apparent central problem: that of the realism identifiable in FST. Looking closely at the criticism leveled against one particular standpoint theorist—Nancy Hartsock—I show the criticism not only to be unfounded, as has previously been argued, but also unnecessary. I demonstrate that the accusations of supposedly realist contradictions in Hartsock's work are (...)
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  16. added 2016-08-18
    Ian M. Sullivan (2016). Simone de Beauvoir and Confucian Role Ethics: Role‐Relational Ambiguity and Confucian Mystification. Hypatia 31 (3):620-635.
    This article argues that there has been a general misunderstanding of the nature of role relations in Confucian role ethics. Recasting constitutive role relations in light of Beauvoir's ethics of ambiguity will aid in developing Confucian role ethics as a contemporary vision of human flourishing that can internally accommodate the need for a feminist transformation.
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  17. added 2016-08-17
    Theodore Bach (2016). Social Categories Are Natural Kinds, Not Objective Types (and Why It Matters Politically). Journal of Social Ontology 2 (2):177-201.
    There is growing support for the view that social categories like men and women refer to “objective types” (Haslanger 2000, 2006, 2012; Alcoff 2005). An objective type is a similarity class for which the axis of similarity is an objective rather than nominal or fictional property. Such types are independently real and causally relevant, yet their unity does not derive from an essential property. Given this tandem of features, it is not surprising why empirically-minded researchers interested in fighting oppression and (...)
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  18. added 2016-08-16
    Perry Zurn (2016). The Politics of Anonymity: Foucault, Feminism, and Gender Non-Conforming Prisoners. philoSOPHIA: A Journal of Continental Feminism 6 (1):27-42.
  19. added 2016-08-16
    Kathryn Gillespie (2016). Witnessing Animal Others: Bearing Witness, Grief, and the Political Function of Emotion. Hypatia 31 (3):572-588.
    This article theorizes the politics of witnessing and grief in the context of the embodied experience of cows raised for dairy in the Pacific Northwestern United States. Bearing witness to the mundane features of dairy production and their impact on cows' physical and emotional worlds enables us to understand the violence of commodification and the political dimensions of witnessing the suffering of an Other. I argue that greater attention should be paid to the uneven hierarchies of power in the act (...)
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  20. added 2016-08-16
    Michaele L. Ferguson (2016). Vulnerability by Marriage: Okin's Radical Feminist Critique of Structural Gender Inequality. Hypatia 31 (3):687-703.
    The central thesis of Susan Okin's Justice, Gender, and the Family—that the ideology of the traditional family is the linchpin of contemporary gender inequality in the US—remains significant more than a quarter-century after the book's publication. On a political register, Okin's insistence on structural analysis of gender inequality is an important corrective to recent mainstream feminist emphasis on individual women's choices. On an academic register, her work reveals the incoherence of scholarly classifications of feminist theories as “liberal feminist” or “radical (...)
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  21. added 2016-08-16
    Mark N. Jensen (2016). Gender Integration in the Military: A Rawlsian Approach. Hypatia 31 (3).
    Following the recent decisions by Western militaries to pursue greater integration of women into combat roles, this paper examines the principles that motivate integration and organizes them into a theoretically coherent scheme that could serve as a roadmap for policymakers as they rebuild military institutions and their combat units in an integrated fashion. The strategy of the paper is Rawlsian: the right relationship between the principles that motivate integration can be derived through an application of Rawls's methodology as described in (...)
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  22. added 2016-08-16
    Stephanie Julia Kapusta (2016). Misgendering and Its Moral Contestability. Hypatia 31 (3):502-519.
    In this article, I consider the harms inflicted upon transgender persons through “misgendering,” that is, such deployments of gender terms that diminish transgender persons' self-respect, limit the discursive resources at their disposal to define their own gender, and cause them microaggressive psychological harms. Such deployments are morally contestable, that is, they can be challenged on ethical or political grounds. Two characterizations of “woman” proposed in the feminist literature are critiqued from this perspective. When we consider what would happen to transgender (...)
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  23. added 2016-08-12
    Helen Watt (2015). Intending Reproduction as One’s Primary Aim: Alexander Pruss on ‘Trying for a Baby’. Roczniki Filozoficzne 63 (3):143-154.
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  24. added 2016-08-11
    Chandler D. Rogers (2016). Eros After Nature. Soundings: An Interdisciplinary Journal 99 (3):223-245.
    On ground shared by environmental hermeneutics, critical social theory, and environmentally minded feminism, this article attempts to conciliate between the nearly antithetical ethical viewpoints of environmental philosophers David Abram and Steven Vogel. It will demonstrate first that Abram’s linguistic arguments for extending ethical considerability to nonhuman nature succumb to two of Vogel’s debilitating critiques, which it labels the social constructivist critique and the discourse ethics critique, and secondly that Abram fails to guard against the problem of human-human oppression. The article (...)
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  25. added 2016-08-10
    Anca Gheaus (2016). The Normative Importance of Pregnancy Challenges Surrogacy Contracts. Analize. Journal of Gender and Feminist Studies 6 (20):20-31.
    Birth mothers usually have a moral right to parent their newborns in virtue of a mutual attachment formed, during gestation, between the gestational mother and the fetus. The attachment is formed, in part, thanks to the burdens of pregnancy, and it serves the interest of the newborn; the gestational mother, too, has a powerful interest in the protection of this attachment. Given its justification, the right to parent one's gestated baby cannot be transferred at will to other people who would (...)
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  26. added 2016-08-08
    Alex Madva & Michael Brownstein (forthcoming). Stereotypes, Prejudice, and the Taxonomy of the Implicit Social Mind. Noûs.
    How do cognition and affect interact to produce action? Research in intergroup psychology illuminates this question by investigating the relationship between stereotypes and prejudices about social groups. Yet it is now clear that many social attitudes are implicit (roughly, nonconscious or involuntary). This raises the question: how does the distinction between cognition and affect apply to implicit mental states? An influential view—roughly analogous to a Humean theory of action—is that “implicit stereotypes” and “implicit prejudices” constitute two separate constructs, reflecting different (...)
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  27. added 2016-08-08
    Matt L. Drabek, Pornographic Subordination, Power, and Feminist Alternatives.
    How does pornography subordinate on the basis of gender? I provide part of an answer in this paper by framing subordination as something that works through everyday classification. Under certain material and social conditions, pornography classifies people through labeling them in ways that connect to structures of oppression. I hope to show two things. First, pornographic content is not the major driving force behind pornography’s subordination of women. Second, pornography, when repurposed in new ways, carries the potential to counter the (...)
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  28. added 2016-08-08
    Hanoch Ben-Pazi (2012). Love Discourse: Rosenzweig Vs. Plato. In Yossi Turner, Y. Amir & M. Brasser (eds.), Faith, Truth and Reason - The Philosophy of Franz Rosenzweig. K. Alber 105 - 124.
    My aim in this study is to unfold the profound relationship thatnonetheless exists between the world of Rosenzweig and that of Plato. Plato’s presence in The Star of Redemption is greater than onemight think by relying solely on the references found in the index. Inaccordance with this suggested relationship, one might propose areligious interpretation of that youthful pronouncement made byRosenzweig, to which, indeed, the expression of „faith“ is appropri-ate: „Ich glaube an Πλάτων [Plato]“. Notwithstanding the need to undertake a broad (...)
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  29. added 2016-08-05
    Melinda Hall (forthcoming). The Bioethics of Enhancement: Transhumanism, Disability, and Biopolitics. Lexington Books.
    In a critical intervention into the bioethics debate over human enhancement, philosopher Melinda Hall tackles the claim that the expansion and development of human capacities is a moral obligation. Hall draws on French philosopher Michel Foucault to reveal and challenge the ways disability is central to the conversation. The Bioethics of Enhancement includes a close reading and analysis of the last century of enhancement thinking and contemporary transhumanist thinkers, the strongest promoters of the obligation to pursue enhancement technology. With specific (...)
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  30. added 2016-08-01
    Mariana Ortega (2016). In-Between: Latina Feminist Phenomenologhy, Multiplicity and the Self. SUNY.
  31. added 2016-08-01
    Sofia A. Villenas (2015). AESA 2012 Presidential Address “What My Community Means To Me”: Reimagining Civic Praxis With Latina/Chicana Feminisms. Educational Studies 51 (1):72-84.
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  32. added 2016-07-31
    Robert James M. Boyles (2011). The Enemy: A Thought Experiment on Patriarchies, Feminisms and Memes. In Jeane Peracullo & Noelle Leslie Dela Cruz (eds.), Feminista: Gender, Race, and Class in the Philippines. Anvil Publishing, Inc. 53–64.
    This article examines who or what should be the target of feminist criticism. Throughout the discussion, the concept of memes is applied in analyzing systems such as patriarchy and feminism itself. Adapting Dawkins' theory on genes, this research puts forward the possibility that patriarchies and feminisms are memeplexes competing for the limited energy and memory space of humanity.
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  33. added 2016-07-29
    Alison Wylie (1992). Reasoning About Ourselves: Feminist Methodology in the Social Sciences. In Elizabeth Harvey & Kathleen Okruhlik (eds.), Women and Reason. University of Michigan Press 225-244.
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  34. added 2016-07-21
    Nabina Liebow (2016). Internalized Oppression and Its Varied Moral Harms: Self‐Perceptions of Reduced Agency and Criminality. Hypatia 31 (3):n/a-n/a.
    The dominant view in the philosophical literature contends that internalized oppression, especially that experienced in virtue of one's womanhood, reduces one's sense of agency. Here, I extend these arguments and suggest a more nuanced account. In particular, I argue that internalized oppression can cause a person to conceive of herself as a deviant agent as well as a reduced one. This self-conception is also damaging to one's moral identity and creates challenges that are not captured by merely analyzing a reduced (...)
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  35. added 2016-07-18
    Gertrude James Gonzalez de Allen (2005). Charles W. Mills, From Class to Race: Essays in White Marxism and Black Radicalism. Philosophia Africana 8 (1):83-86.
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  36. added 2016-07-14
    Matthew Lister (forthcoming). The Place of Persecution and Non-State Action in Refugee Protection. In Alex Sager (ed.), The Ethics and Politics of Immigration: Core Issues and Emerging Trends. Rowman & Littlefield
    Crises of forced migration are, unfortunately, nothing new. At the time of the writing of this paper, at least two such crises were in full swing – mass movements from the Middle East and parts of Africa to the E.U., and major movements from Central America to the Southern U.S. border, including movements by large numbers of families and unaccompanied minors. These movements are complex, with multiple causes, and it is always risky to attempt to craft either general policy or (...)
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  37. added 2016-07-07
    Ray Scott Percival (1998). Mozart and the Nightingale. [REVIEW] New Scientist (2122 ).
    ROGER SCRUTON’s An Intelligent Person’s Guide to Philosophy takes a personal and provocative look at the subject—those abstract, but nevertheless practical, problems that concern anyone who has reflected on his or her life. Of special delight is his discussion of sex and music. I make some brief critical comments on this based on new economic approaches.
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  38. added 2016-07-06
    Jan Willem Wieland (forthcoming). Responsibility for Strategic Ignorance. Synthese:1-21.
    Strategic ignorance is a widespread phenomenon. In a laboratory setting, many participants avoid learning information about the consequences of their behaviour in order to act egoistically. In real life, many consumers avoid information about their purchases or the working conditions in which they were produced in order to retain their lifestyle. The question is whether agents are blameworthy for such strategically ignorant behaviour. In this paper, I explore quality of will resources, according to which agents are blameworthy, roughly, depending on (...)
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  39. added 2016-07-01
    Yusuke Kaneko (2016). The History of Biology and its Importance for Gender Studies. GÉNEROS –Multidisciplinary Journal of Gender Studies 5 (2).
    The aim of this paper is to call the attention, especially that of feminists, to the current progress in biology. It appears gender studies still confine themselves to outdated ideas of sex chromosomes like XX, XY (§10). However, science has been making progress. It no longer sticks to such matters as XX, XY. Its interest is now in Sry, a kind of gene (§11), and MIS, a kind of sex hormone (§14). Abnormalities of sex chromosomes are no longer evidence to (...)
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  40. added 2016-06-22
    Rachel Fredericks (2016). Review of Love and Its Objects: What Can We Care For? [REVIEW] Hypatia Reviews Online:NA.
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  41. added 2016-06-20
    Timothy Stanley (2016). Bonhoeffer's Anti-Judaism. Political Theology 17 (3):297-305.
    On 2 July 2000, Yad Vashem, Israel's Holocaust Martyrs and Heroes Remembrance Authority, deferred action on the petition to have Dietrich Bonhoeffer named a righteous gentile. My contention is that critics of this decision conceal a more pernicious difficulty that arises in Bonhoeffer's Lutheran legacy. David Nirenberg's recent Anti-Judaism: The Western Tradition, demonstrates the history and development of such categories with particular attention to Luther. What goes unnoticed is the ongoing operations of anti-Judaism in later theologians such as Bonhoeffer. Although (...)
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  42. added 2016-06-19
    B. R. George, What Even is 'Gender'?
    This paper presents a new taxonomy of sex/gender concepts based on the idea of starting with a few basic components of the sex/gender system, and exhausting the possible types of simple associations and identities based on these. The resulting system is significantly more fine-grained than most competitors, and helps to clarify a number of points of confusion and conceptual tension in academic and activist conversations about feminism, transgender politics, and the social analysis of gender.
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  43. added 2016-06-10
    Holly Lawford-Smith (2016). Offsetting Class Privilege. Journal of Practical Ethics 4 (1):23-51.
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  44. added 2016-06-10
    Angela Johnson, Sybol Cook Anderson & Kathryn J. Norlock (2009). A Moral Imperative: Retaining Women of Color in Science Education. Atlantis: Critical Studies in Gender, Culture and Social Justice 33 (2):72-82.
    This article considers the experiences of a group of women science students of color who reported encountering moral injustices, including misrecognition, lack of peer support, and disregard for their altruistic motives. We contend that university science departments face a moral imperative to cultivate equal relationships and the altruistic power of science.
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  45. added 2016-06-09
    Clara Fischer (2016). Gender, Nation, and the Politics of Shame: Magdalen Laundries and the Institutionalization of Feminine Transgression in Modern Ireland. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 41 (4):821-843.
    In this article, I trace the politics of shame in the context of the problematization of women’s bodies as markers of sexual immorality in modern Ireland. I argue that the post-Independence project of national identity formation established women as bearers of virtue and purity and that sexual transgression threatening this new identity came to be severely punished. By hiding women, children, and all those deemed to be dangerous to national self-representations of purity, the Irish state, supported by Catholic moral values (...)
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