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  1. Jonas Åkerman (2015). Indexicals and Reference‐Shifting: Towards a Pragmatic Approach. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 92 (3):n/a-n/a.
    I propose a pragmatic approach to the kind of reference-shifting occurring in indexicals as used in e.g. written notes and answering machine messages. I proceed in two steps. First, I prepare the ground by showing that the arguments against such a pragmatic approach raised in the recent literature fail. Second, I take a first few steps towards implementing this approach, by sketching a pragmatic theory of reference-shifting, and showing how it can handle cases of the relevant kind. While the immediate (...)
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  2. Mahrad Almotahari & Damien Rochford (2011). Is Direct Reference Theory Incompatible with Physicalism? Journal of Philosophy 108 (5):255-268.
  3. William P. Alston (1964). Philosophy of Language. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.,Prentice-Hall.
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  4. Alice Ambrose (1952). Linguistic Approaches to Philosophical Problems. Journal of Philosophy 49 (9):289-301.
  5. Robert R. Ammerman (1970). Belief, Knowledge, and Truth. New York,Scribner.
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  6. Rani Lill Anjum (2012). Paul Grice. In Joose Järvenkylä & Ilmari Kortelainen (eds.), Tavallisen kielen filosofia.
    Often we mean something else than what we have said explicitly. Consider the following scenario. I show up in a new flashy dress and ask my friend what she thinks of it. She always tries to help me improve my style and knows that I value her honest opinion. She looks at my dress and says: ‘Excellent fit, but have you gone colour blind?’. From what she says I do not take it that she is interested in whether I’ve got (...)
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  7. D. M. Armstrong (1973). Belief, Truth and Knowledge. London,Cambridge University Press.
    The book as a whole if offered as a contribution to a naturalistic account of man.
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  8. Sylvain Auroux (2004). La Philosophie du Langage. Puf.
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  9. Alfred Jules Ayer (1946). Language, Truth, and Logic. Dover.
  10. C. F. B. (1973). Leibniz' Philosophy of Logic and Language. Review of Metaphysics 27 (1):133-133.
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  11. Kent Bach (2003). Meaning. In Encyclopedia of Cognitive Sciences. Nature Publishing Group
    Language is used to express thoughts and to represent aspects of the world. What thought a sentence expresses depends on what the sentence means, and how it represents the world also depends on what it means. Moreover, it is ultimately arbitrary, a matter of convention, that the words of a language mean what they do. So it might seem that what they mean is a matter of how they are used. However, they need not be used in accordance with their (...)
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  12. Maria Baghramian (ed.) (2013). Donald Davidson: Life and Words. Routledge.
    Donald Davidson was one of the most prominent philosophers of the second half of the twentieth century. His thinking about language, mind, and epistemology has shaped the views of several generations of philosophers. This book brings together articles by a host of prominent philosophers to provide new interpretations of Davidson’s key ideas about meaning, language and thought. The book opens with short commemorative pieces by a wide range of people who knew Davidson well, giving us glimpses into the life of (...)
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  13. Sanja Bahun (2012). Language, Ideology, and the Human: New Interventions. Ashgate Pub. Co..
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  14. Gilead Bar-Elli, Introduction.
    The meaning of words, according to Wittgenstein, is grounded in their use – in the ways they are used. This does not mean only that in order to know the meaning of a word we should look at its use; it is not only a practical recommendation for the linguist or the learner. It is rather a philosophical thesis about the very notion of meaning, according to which use is what constitutes meaning, and about what the very ascription of meaning (...)
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  15. Alex Barber & Robert Stainton (eds.) (2009). Concise Encyclopedia of Philosophy of Language and Linguistics. Elsevier.
    [Publisher's description] -/- * Authoritative review of this dynamic field placed in an interdisciplinary context * Approximately 175 articles by leaders in the field * Compact and affordable single-volume format -/- The application of philosophy to language study, and language study to philosophy, has experienced demonstrable intellectual growth and diversification in recent decades. This work comprehensively analyzes and evaluates many of the most interesting facets of this vibrant field. An edited collection of articles taken from the award-winning Encyclopedia of Language (...)
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  16. Stephen J. Barker, Global Expressivism.
    There is a wide-spread belief amongst theorists of mind and language. This is that in order to understand the relation between language, thought, and reality we need a theory of meaning and content, that is, a normative, formal science of meaning, which is an extension and theoretical deepening of folk ideas about meaning. This book argues that this is false, offering an alternative idea: The form of a theory that illuminates the relation of language, thought, and reality is a theory (...)
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  17. Stephen J. Barker (2010). Cognitive Expressivism, Faultless Disagreement, and Absolute but Non-Objective Truth. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 110 (2pt2):183-199.
    I offer a new theory of faultless disagreement, according to which truth is absolute (non-relative) but can still be non-objective. What's relative is truth-aptness: a sentence like ‘Vegemite is tasty’ (V) can be truth-accessible and bivalent in one context but not in another. Within a context in which V fails to be bivalent, we can affirm that there is no issue of truth or falsity about V, still disputants, affirming and denying V, were not at fault, since, in their context (...)
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  18. Stephen J. Barker & Mihaela Popa-Wyatt (2015). Irony and the Dogma of Force and Sense. Analysis 75 (1):9-16.
    Frege’s distinction between force and sense is a central pillar of modern thinking about meaning. This is the idea that a self-standing utterance of a sentence S can be divided into two components. One is the proposition P that S’s linguistic meaning and context associates with it. The other is S’s illocutionary force. The force/sense distinction is associated with another thesis, the embedding principle, that implies that the only content that embeds in compound sentences is propositional content. We argue that (...)
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  19. Michael Beaney (ed.) (1997). The Frege Reader. Blackwell.
    This is the first single-volume edition and translation of Frege's philosophical writings to include his seminal papers as well as substantial selections from ...
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  20. James Beattie (1788/1974). The Theory of Language. New York,Ams Press.
  21. James Beattie (1788/1968). The Theory of Language, 1788. Menston, Scolar P..
  22. Robert L. Benjamin (1970/1969). Semantics and Language Analysis. Indianapolis, Bobbs-Merrill.
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  23. Gustav Bergmann (1962). Meaning and Ontology. Inquiry 5 (1-4):116 – 142.
    These are two related essays. The first, “Meaning,” defends the so-called reference theory against current criticisms. Exemplification and the intentional tie are two subsistents. Subsistence is a mode of existence; mere possibility is another. That requires two distinctions; one among four uses of 'possible'; one among three uses of 'same' in the phrase 'the same fact'; which in turn permits an adequate account of false belief. The second essay, “Inclusion, Exemplification, and Inherence in G. E. Moore,” displays the impact of (...)
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  24. Claudia Bianchi (2013). Implicating. In Pragmatics of Speech Actions, Handbooks of Pragmatics (HoPs) Vol. 2.
    Implicating, as it is conceived in recent pragmatics, amounts to conveying a (propositional) content without saying it – a content providing no contribution to the truth-conditions of the proposition expressed by the sentence uttered. In this sense, implicating is a notion closely related to the work of Paul Grice (1913-1988) and of his precursors, followers and critics. Hence, the task of this article is to introduce and critically examine the explicit/implicit distinction, the Gricean notion of implicature (conventional and conversational) and (...)
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  25. Sara Bigardi & Chiara Zamboni (eds.) (2011). Elementi di Filosofia Del Linguaggio. Quiedit.
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  26. Ben Blumson (2014). Resemblance and Representation. Open Book Publishers.
    It’s a platitude – which only a philosopher would dream of denying – that whereas words are connected to what they represent merely by arbitrary conventions, pictures are connected to what they represent by resemblance. The most important difference between my portrait and my name, for example, is that whereas my portrait and I are connected by my portrait’s resemblance to me, my name and I are connected merely by an arbitrary convention. The first aim of this book is to (...)
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  27. Bruce Bokor, Homo Deceptus: How Language Creates its Own Reality.
    Homo deceptus is book that brings together new ideas on language, consciousness and physics into a comprehensive theory that unifies science and philosophy in a different kind of Theory of Everything. The subject of how we are to make sense of the world is addressed in a structured and ordered manner, which starts with a recognition that scientific truths are constructed within a linguistic framework. The author argues that an epistemic foundation of natural language must be understood before laying claim (...)
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  28. Albert Borgmann (1974). The Philosophy of Language. The Hague,Nijhoff.
    CHAPTER ONE THE ORIGIN OF THE PHILOSOPHY OF LANGUAGE 1. The accessibility of the original reflections on language. Heraclitus The philosophy of language has ...
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  29. Vladimir Breskin (2013). Homo igneous: Феномен Языка для курящих и некурящих. NB: Философские Исследования 12:228 - 247.
    The goal of this study is to build the contours of the hypothesis, which defines the essence of language as a part of the human physiology, describes the language as the receptor activity based on common biological principles and functions of senses. The study tries to identify the physiological borders of the organ and the causes, which led to the organ development in the general evolution of human. -/- Исследование обозначает контуры гипотезы, определяющей сущность языка как части физиологии человека, характеризуя (...)
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  30. Keith Brown (ed.) (2006). Encyclopaedia of Language and Linguistics, 2nd Ed.
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  31. Ray Buchanan (forthcoming). Schiffer's Puzzle: A Kind of Fregean Response. In Gary Ostertag (ed.), Meaning and Other Things: Essays on Stephen Schiffer. Oxford University Press
    In ‘What Reference Has to Tell Us about Meaning’, Stephen Schiffer argues that many of the objects of our beliefs, and the contents of our assertoric speech acts, have what he calls the relativity feature. A proposition has the relativity feature just in case it is an object-dependent proposition ‘the entertainment of which requires different people, or the same person at different times or places, to think of [the relevant object] in different ways’ (129). But as no Fregean or Russellian (...)
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  32. Edward Butler (2013). Opening the Way of Writing: Semiotic Metaphysics in the Book of Thoth. In April DeConick, Gregory Shaw & John Turner (eds.), Practicing Gnosis: Ritual, Magic, Theurgy and Liturgy in Nag Hammadi, Manichaean and Other Ancient Literature. Essays in Honor of Birger A. Pearson. Brill 215-247.
  33. Shushan Cai (2007). Yu Yan, Luo Ji Yu Ren Zhi: Yu Yan Luo Ji He Yu Yan Zhe Xue Lun Ji = Language, Logic and Cognition: An Essay in Language, Logic and Philosophy. Qing Hua da Xue Chu Ban She.
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  34. M. J. Cain (2010). Linguistics, Psychology and the Scientific Study of Language. Dialectica 64 (3):385-404.
    In this paper I address the issue of the subject matter of linguistics. According to the prominent Chomskyan view, linguistics is the study of the language faculty, a component of the mind-brain, and is therefore a branch of cognitive psychology. In his recent book Ignorance of Language Michael Devitt attacks this psychologistic conception of linguistics. I argue that the prominent Chomskyan objections to Devitt's position are not decisive as they stand. However, Devitt's position should ultimately be rejected as there is (...)
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  35. Herman Cappelen & Josh Dever (2015). The Inessential Indexical: On the Philosophical Insignificance of Perspective and the First Person. Oxford University Press Uk.
    When we represent the world in language, in thought, or in perception, we often represent it from a perspective. We say and think that the meeting is happening now, that it is hot here, that I am in danger and not you; that the tree looks larger from my perspective than from yours. This book is an exploration and defence of the view that perspectivality is a philosophically shallow aspect of the world. This book opposes one of the most entrenched (...)
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  36. Fabrizio Cariani & Paolo Santorio (forthcoming). 'Will' Done Better: Selection Semantics, Future Credence, and Indeterminacy. Mind.
    Statements about the future are central in everyday conversation and reasoning. How should we understand their meaning? The received view among philosophers treats will as a tense: in “Cynthia will pass her exam”, will shifts the reference time forward. Linguists, however, have produced substantial evidence for the view that will is a modal, on a par with must and would. The different accounts are designed to satisfy different theoretical constraints, apparently pulling in opposite directions. We show that these constraints are (...)
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  37. Siobhan Chapman (2000). Philosophy for Linguists: An Introduction. Routledge.
    Philosophy for Linguists provides students with a clear, concise introduction to the main topics in the philosophy of language. Focusing on what linguists need to know and how philosophy relates to modern linguistics, the book is structured around key branches of linguistics: semantics, pragmatics, and language acquisition. Assuming no prior knowledge of philosophy, Siobhan Chapman traces the history and development of ideas in the philosophy of language and outlines the contributions of specific philosophers. The book is highly accessible and includes: (...)
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  38. R. Choudhury (ed.) (1984). Philosophy and Language: A Collection of Papers. Capital Pub. House.
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  39. Sorin Costreie (2010). Frege’s Context Principle: Its Role and Interpretation. Logos and Episteme 1 (2):287-301.
    The paper focuses on Gottlob Frege’s so called Context Principle (CP hereafter), which counts as one of the most controversial points of his philosophy. Due to its importance and centrality in Frege’s thought, a detailed discussion of the principle requires a detailed analysis of almost all aspects of his philosophy. Obviously, such a task cannot be successfully accomplished here. Thus I limit myself to address only two questions concerning the CP: what role does the principle play (in Grundlagen) and how (...)
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  40. Sorin Costreie (2005). The Short Long Life of Russell’s Denoting Concepts. Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 24 (3):97-113.
    The goal of this paper is to discuss Russell’s Theory of Denoting Concepts, mainly to see clearly why he adopted it and, especially, why he abandoned it. With regard to TDC, I detect three kinds of problems: ontological (the denotation of empty denoting concepts), logical (the infinite regress of meaning in the case of denoting concepts) and epistemological (the relation between denoting concepts and acquaintance). I will not consider here the first point, but only the last two. The chapter will (...)
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  41. Maurice William Cranston (1969). Philosophy and Language. [Toronto]Canadian Broadcasting Corp..
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  42. Mark Crimmins (1998). Philosophy of Language. In Edward Craig (ed.), Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Routledge 408-11.
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  43. Adam M. Croom (2015). The Importance of Poetry, Hip-Hop, and Philosophy for an Enlisted Aviator in the USAF (2000-2004) Flying in Support of Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom. Journal of Poetry Therapy 28:1-25.
    This special issue of Journal of Poetry Therapy focuses on the use of poetry and other forms of expressive writing to explore the transformative experiences of military veterans, and so in this article I discuss how the use of poetry, hip-hop, and philosophy positively influenced my life while I was serving in the United States Air Force (USAF) from 2000 through 2004. This article briefly reviews my reasons for enlisting and discusses the importance that poetry, hip-hop, and philosophy had for (...)
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  44. Adam M. Croom (2015). The Practice of Poetry and the Psychology of Well-Being. Journal of Poetry Therapy 28:21-41.
    In “Flourish,” the psychologist Martin Seligman proposed that psychological well-being consists of “PERMA: positive emotion, engagement, relationships, meaning, and accomplishment.” Although the question of what constitutes flourishing or psychological well-being has been long debated among scholars, the recent literature has suggested that a paradigmatic or prototypical case of psychological well-being would manifest most or all of the aforementioned PERMA factors. The recent literature on poetry therapy has also suggested that poetry practice may be utilized as “an effective therapeutic tool” for (...)
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  45. Adam M. Croom (2015). The Semantics of Slurs: A Refutation of Coreferentialism. Ampersand: An International Journal of General and Applied Linguistics 2:30-38.
    Coreferentialism refers to the common assumption in the literature that slurs and descriptors are coreferential expressions with precisely the same extension. For instance, Vallee recently writes that “If S is an ethnic slur in language L, then there is a non-derogatory expression G in L such that G and S have the same extension”. The non-derogatory expression G is commonly considered the nonpejorative correlate of the slur expression S and it is widely thought that every S has a coreferring G (...)
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  46. Adam M. Croom (2014). Remarks on The Semantics of Racial Slurs. Linguistic and Philosophical Investigations 13:11-32.
    In “The Semantics of Racial Slurs,” an article recently published in Linguistic and Philosophical Investigations, Hedger draws upon Kaplan’s distinction between descriptive and expressive content to argue that slurs are expressions with purely expressive content. Here I review the key considerations presented by Hedger in support of his purely expressive account of slurs and provide clear reasons for why it must ultimately be rejected. After reviewing the key cases Hedger offers for consideration in support of his view that slurs are (...)
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  47. Adam M. Croom (2013). How to Do Things with Slurs: Studies in the Way of Derogatory Words. Language and Communication 33:177-204.
    This article provides an original account of slurs and how they may be differentially used by in-group and out-group speakers. Slurs are first distinguished from other terms and their role in social interaction is discussed. A new distinction is introduced between three different uses of slurs : the paradigmatic derogatory use, non-paradigmatic derogatory use, and non-paradigmatic non-derogatory use. I then account for their literal meaning and explain how a family-resemblance conception of category membership can clarify our understanding of the various (...)
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  48. Sam Cumming (ed.) (2013). Meaning and Argument: An Introduction to Logic Through Language. Wiley-Blackwell.
  49. Donald Davidson (2005). Truth, Language and History. Oxford University Press.
    Truth, Language, and History is the much-anticipated final volume of Donald Davidson's philosophical writings. In four groups of essays, Davidson continues to explore the themes that occupied him for more than fifty years: the relations between language and the world; speaker intention and linguistic meaning; language and mind; mind and body; mind and world; mind and other minds. He asks: what is the role of the concept of truth in these explorations? And, can a scientific world view make room for (...)
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  50. Martin Davies, Foundational Issues in the Philosophy of Language.
    Linguistic expressions are meaningful. Sentences, built from words and phrases, are used to communicate information about objects, properties and events in the world. In philosophy of language, the study of linguistic meaning is central.
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