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  1. Hans Aarsleff (1964). Leibniz on Locke on Language. American Philosophical Quarterly 1 (3):165-188.
  2. Jonas Åkerman (2009). Perspectival Thought: A Plea for Moderate Relativism. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 62 (4).
  3. Emmanuel Alloa (2014). Flected Bodies: On the Relationship Between Body and Language. Eidos: Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad Del Norte 21:200-220.
    Although in the modern age there were plenty of attempts to overcome the mind-body dualism, its philosophical theories of language reintroduced it in a subtle but not less effective way.In this article several theorems to think on the materiality of the sign are discussed, and, from Kierkegaard to the post-Saussurean structuralism, the prominent role of thinking the materialization as something necessary but arbitrary in its modality is shown. The body of language under this understanding is not only that which can (...)
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  4. Emmanuel Alloa (2013). The Diacritical Nature of Meaning. Merleau-Ponty with Saussure. Chiasmi International 15:167-181.
    “What we have learned from Saussure” affirms Merleau-Ponty “is that, taken singly, signs do not signify anything, and that each one of them does not so much express a meaning as mark a divergence of meaning between itself and other signs.” While it has often been stressed that Merleau-Ponty was arguably among the earliest philosophical readers of Saussure, the real impact of this reading on Merleau-Ponty’s thinking has rarely been assessed in detail. By focusing on the middle period – the (...)
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  5. Mahrad Almotahari (2014). The Identity of a Material Thing and its Matter. Philosophical Quarterly 64 (256):387-406.
    I have both a smaller and a larger aim. The smaller aim is polemical. Kit Fine believes that a material thing—a Romanesque statue, for example, or an open door—can be distinguished from its constituent matter—a piece of alloy, say, or a hunk of plastic—without recourse to modal or temporal considerations. The statue is Romanesque; the piece of alloy is not Romanesque. The door is open; the hunk of plastic is not open. I argue that these considerations, when combined with a (...)
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  6. Bernardo Alonso (2014). Indexicals in Virtual Environments. Open Journal of Philosophy 4 (2):134-140.
    In this paper I explored three well-known cases that seem to cast doubt on the notion that a speaker is always at the place of the utterance when the utterance occurs. I gave a few examples produced in Second Life environment, which cannot be handled correctly by evaluating the expression at issue with respect to the traditional view, i.e., the kaplanian framework—where the agent and the utterer will always be identical, and the referent of “I” will always be the utterer. (...)
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  7. José Tomás Alvarado (2008). The Manifestation Argument Reconsidered. International Philosophical Quarterly 48 (4):493-516.
    Dummett’s Manifestation Argument against realism attempts to show that a realist conception of meaning cannot explain the understanding of truth-conditions transcendent to evidence. In this work the general structure of the argument is discussed along with several objections to it. This examination finds that the anti-realist is committed to a deflationary conception of the normative character of meaning that is unpalatable. This essay contends that the argument in its present form cannot have the metaphysical consequences it claims (at least not (...)
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  8. Pedro Amaral, On Meaning.
    (10) Examples (13) meaning as functional classification (14) meaning as functional classification (14) Introduces dot-quotes (15) “stand for” is a special case of functional classification (19) classical problem of “participation”.
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  9. Alice Ambrose (1952). Linguistic Approaches to Philosophical Problems. Journal of Philosophy 49 (9):289-301.
  10. Rani Lill Anjum, Because You’Ll Find Out Anyway, Your Wife is Having an Affair - If and Because.
    In an explanation ‘y because x’, because can be used to express an explanatory relation between an explanandum ‘y’ and an explanans ‘x’. But because can also be used to express the speaker’s reason for uttering ‘y’. This difference will be elucidated by connecting it with the distinction between the at-issue dimension and the speaker dimension of meaning. There are also internal relations between if and because that can help us find and analyse different uses of because, and thus also (...)
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  11. Rani Lill Anjum, Logic - a Map of Language?
    This is the trial lecture for Anjum's doctoral defence in 2005 at University of Tromsø.
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  12. Rani Lill Anjum, Paul Grice on Indicative Conditionals.
    Grice argues that indicative conditionals ‘if p then q’ have conventional, truth conditional meaning according to the material conditional ‘p  q’. In order to explain away the known paradoxes with this interpretation, he distinguishes between truth conditions and assertion conditions, attempting to demonstrate that the assumed connection between ‘p’ and ‘q’ (the Indirectness Condition) is a conversational implicature; hence a matter only relevant for the assertion conditions of a conditional. This paper argues that Grice fails to demonstrate i) that (...)
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  13. Michael V. Antony (1997). Book Review of Rita Nolan, "Cognitive Practices: Human Language and Human Knowledge". [REVIEW] Philosophia 25 (1-4).
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  14. Karl-Otto Apel (1967). Analytic Philosophy of Language and the Geisteswissenschaften. Dordrecht, D. Reidel.
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  15. Valentina Apresjan (2009). The Pragmatics of Destiny in Russian and English (Towards a Description of Fundamental Cultural Concepts). In Dingfang Shu & Ken Turner (eds.), Contrasting Meanings in Languages of the East and West. Peter Lang
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  16. Krzysztof R. Apt & Robert van Rooij (eds.) (2008). New Perspectives on Games and Interactions. Amsterdam University Press.
    This volume is a collection of papers presented at the colloquium, and it testifies to the growing importance of game theory as a tool that can capture concepts ...
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  17. Helmut Arntzen (2009). Sprache, Literatur Und Literaturwissenschaft, Medien: Beiträge Zum Sprachdenken Und Zur Sprachkritik. Lang.
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  18. David Auerbach (1994). Saying It With Numerals. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 35 (1):130-146.
    This article discusses the nature of numerals and the plausibility of their special semantic and epistemological status as proper names of numbers. Evidence is presented that minimizes the difference between numerals and other devices of direct reference. The availability of intensional contexts within formalised metamathematics is exploited to shed light on the relation between formal numerals and numerals.
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  19. Sylvain Auroux & Dino Buzzetti (1985). Current Issues in Eighteenth-Century Linguistic Historiography. Topoi 4 (2):131-144.
    Outline of the historiographic discussion on 18th-century linguistic theories.
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  20. Jody Azzouni, Emmon Bach, Chris Barker, Wojciech Buzkowski, Robyn Carsten, Gennaro Chierchia, Max Cresswell, Mary Dalrymple & Martin Davies (1993). Reviewers of Submitted Papers During 1993. Linguistics and Philosophy 16:655-556.
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  21. Ingeborg Bachmann & Magdalena Tzaneva (eds.) (2011). Im Keller des Herzens: 38 Stimmen Zum Werk von Ingeborg Bachmann: Gedenkbuch Zum 38. Todestag von Ingeborg Bachmann 25. Juni 1926 Klagenfurt-17. Oktober 1973 Rom. [REVIEW] Lidi.
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  22. Jussi Backman (2015). Language After Heidegger by Krzysztof Ziarek. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 68 (3):684-686.
  23. Sanja Bahun (2012). Language, Ideology, and the Human: New Interventions. Ashgate Pub. Co..
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  24. Dominic J. Balestra (1977). "Noam Chomsky: A Philosophic Overview," by Justin Lieber. Modern Schoolman 54 (3):306-307.
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  25. Marina Paola Banchetti-Robino (2009). Lebenswelt and Lebensform: Husserl and Wittgenstein on the Possibility of Intercultural Communication. ARHE (11):57-71.
  26. Marina Paola Banchetti-Robino (1997). Husserl's Theory of Language as Calculus Ratiocinator. Synthese 112 (3):303-321.
    This paper defends an interpretation of Husserl''s theory of language, specifically as it appears in the Logical Investigations, as an example of a larger body of theories dubbed ''language as calculus''. Although this particular interpretation has been previously defended by other authors, such as Hintikka and Kusch, this paper proposes to contribute to the discussion by arguing that what makes this interpretation plausible are Husserl''s distinction between the notions of meaning-intention and meaning-fulfillment, his view that meaning is instantiated through meaning-intending (...)
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  27. Peter Baumann (1997). Sind die meisten unserer Meinungen wahr? Zu Donald Davidsons 'extended claim'. Logos 4:116-136.
    Are our beliefs mostly true? Donald Davidson has proposed some very interesting arguments in favor of his "extended claim" that most our beliefs must be true. The main aim of this paper is to show that Davidson's arguments are not convincing. The most well known of his arguments is the argument of the "omniscient interpreter". The conceivability of a totally ignorant interpreter, however, shows that this argument fails. Davidson offers two more arguments for his extended claim: one of them based (...)
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  28. Pierre Baumann (2011). ¿Descripciones definidas referenciales? Princípios 18 (29):285-298.
    This paper questions the claim that definite descriptions have a referential semantics. Two possible definitions of “referential meaning” are discussed, and it is argued that definite descriptions are not referential according to either one. Devitt’s (2004, 2007) recent account of descriptions’ referential meaning is also briefly examined, and some problems with it are pointed out. It is suggested (though not shown) that the troubles with specifying exactly in what sense definite descriptions are referential point to the incoherence of the very (...)
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  29. André Bazzoni (2016). Pure Quotation, Metalanguage and Metasemantics. Linguistics and Philosophy 39 (2):119-149.
    Every theory of pure quotation embraces in some form or another the intuitively obvious thesis that pure quotations refer to their quoted expressions. However, they all remain vague about the nature of these latter. This paper proposes to take seriously the fact that quoted items are semantic, not syntactic objects, and to develop therefrom a semantics for pure quotation that retains the basic intuitions and at the same time circumvents standard problems.
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  30. E. F. Beall (2009). Once More on Hesiod's Supposed Tartarus Principle. Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 102 (2):159-161.
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  31. Brandon Beasley (2015). Expressivism, Pragmatism and Representationalism. [REVIEW] Dialogue 54 (3):573-576.
  32. James R. Beebe (2003). Attributive Uses of Prosentences. Ratio 16 (1):1–15.
    Defenders of the prosentential theory of truth claim that the English language contains prosentences which function analogously to their better known cousins – pronouns. Statements such as ‘That is true’ or ‘It is true’, they claim, inherit their content from antecedent statements, just as pronouns inherit their reference from antecedent singular terms. Prosentential theorists claim that the content of these prosentences is exhausted by the content of their antecedents. They then use the notion of the inheritance of content from an (...)
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  33. Endre Begby (2011). Concepts and Abilities in Anti-Individualism. Journal of Philosophy 108 (10):555-575.
  34. Julien Beillard (2013). Equality and Transparency. American Philosophical Quarterly 50 (1):51-61.
    The principle of human moral equality is poorly understood. I criticize standard accounts and propose a mildly subversive alternative based in a certain view of the phenomenology of conceptual thought. First, a formulation of the principle: -/- (E) Every person has a basic moral worth equal to that of any other. -/- E is vague, as it should be. It is neutral regarding rival theories of the nature of the equalizing property or its value, or how we recognize either. But (...)
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  35. Hanoch Ben-Yami (2007). Review of D. Oderberg (Ed.), The Old New Logic: Essays on the Philosophy of Fred Sommers. [REVIEW] Mind 116 (461):197-202.
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  36. Erika Benini (2015). Recensione E. Alloa, M. Fischer (a cura di), Leib und Sprache. Zur Reflexivität verkörperter Ausdrucksformen. [REVIEW] la Cultura. Rivista di Filosofia, Storia E Letteratura:144-148.
  37. Erika Benini (2015). Recensione E. Alloa, M. Fischer (a cura di), Leib und Sprache. Zur Reflexivität verkörperter Ausdrucksformen. [REVIEW] la Cultura. Rivista di Filosofia, Storia E Letteratura:144-148.
  38. Erika Benini (2015). Recensione E. Alloa, M. Fischer (a cura di), Leib und Sprache. Zur Reflexivität verkörperter Ausdrucksformen. [REVIEW] la Cultura. Rivista di Filosofia, Storia E Letteratura:144-148.
  39. Guy Bennett-Hunter (2007). Heidegger on Philosophy and Language. Philosophical Writings 35 (2):5-16.
    This paper attempts to explain why Heidegger's thought has evoked both positive and negative reactions of such an extreme nature by focussing on his answer to the central methodological question “What is Philosophy?” After briefly setting forth Heidegger‟s answer in terms of attunement to Being, the centrality to it of his view of language and by focussing on his relationship with the word "philosophy‟ and with the history of philosophy, the author shows how it has led Heidegger to construct his (...)
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  40. Matthew A. Benton, Paul Grice. Oxford Bibliographies in Philosophy.
    Reference guide to Paul Grice and the literature arising from his work, particularly in philosophy of language and mind.
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  41. Lars Bergström (1994). Quine's Truth. Inquiry 37 (4):421 – 435.
    W. V. Quine has made statements about truth which are not obviously compatible, and his statements have been interpreted in more than one way. For example, Donald Davidson claims that Quine has an epistemic theory of truth, but Quine himself often says that truth is just disquotational. This paper argues that Quine should recognize two different notions of truth. One of these is disquotational, the other is empiricist. There is nothing wrong with recognizing two different notions of truth. Both may (...)
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  42. Georg W. Bertram (2006). Die Sprache Und Das Ganze: Entwurf Einer Antireduktionistischen Sprachphilosophie. Velbrück.
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  43. Gunnar Björnsson & Alexander Almér (2009). Contextualism, Assessor Relativism, and Insensitive Assessments. Logique Et Analyse 52 (208):363-372.
    Recently, contextualism about epistemic modals and predicates of taste have come under fire from advocates of assessment relativistic analyses. Contextualism, they have argued, fails to account for what we call "felicitous insensitive assessments". In this paper, we provide one hitherto overlooked way in which contextualists can embrace the phenomenon by slightly modifying an assumption that has remained in the background in most of the debate over contextualism and relativism. Finally, we briefly argue that the resulting contextualist account (...)
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  44. Max Black (1968). The Labyrinth of Language. London, Pall Mall P..
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  45. István M. Bodnár (2012). Sôzein Ta Phainomena. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 12 (2):269-281.
    Saving the appearances (sôzein ta phainomena) often features as a programmatic description of the aim and objective of ancient astronomical theory. The paper, after an expository section, discusses some earlier proposals for what such a programme presupposes. After this, through a survey of the usage in Plato and Aristotle of some key terms—among them the verb sôzein—describing the relationship of an account to what it is an account of, submits that the phrase in this semantic framework could express the crucial (...)
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  46. Guy Bouchard (1989). Gérard Deledalle, "Charles S. Peirce, Phénoménologue Et Sémioticien". [REVIEW] Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 25 (1):61.
    If Peirce was a "backwoodsman" of semiotic, Deledalle is a pioneer in presenting Peirce to francophone readers. His new book aims at introducing them to a global reading of Peirce's thought according to three periods:nominalistic (1851-70), logico-mathematical and methodological (1870-87), and metaphysical (1887-1914). Given Peirce's writing output, to synthesize, systematize and periodize his works would have been a colossal endeavor. However, Deledalle limited himself to the "Collected Papers" and to an already existing periodization. But the decision (...)
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  47. Guy Bouchard (1984). La pseudo-métaphysique du signe. Dialogue 23 (4):597-618.
    Une certaine conception censément traditionnelle du signe le présente comme une entité binaire comportant un aspect sensible et un aspect intelligible. Selon Derrida, cette conception serait tributaire du logocentrisme et solidaire de la métaphysique de la présence. L'article passe en revue certaines caractérisations clefs du signe pour déconstruire l'opposition simple et simpliste entre un signifiant censément sensible et matériel, et un signifié censément intelligible et immatériel. Distinguant la conception factorielle du signe et sa conception constitutive, il conclut que "le signe (...)
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  48. Guy Bouchard (1983). The Pseudo-Metaphysics of the Sign. Semiotics:447-461.
    The sign is often defined as a thing standing for another, the first one being sensible, and the second, intelligible. Authors like Derrida and Kristeva link this definition to a "métaphysique de la présence". This paper shows that they are quite mistaken, and all the more so when one distinguishes the constitutive and factorial definitions of the sign: "rather than the sign being an index of 'the' Occidental metaphysics, it is the so-called Occidental metaphysics that is an index of a (...)
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  49. Guy Bouchard (1981). L'antimodèle Platonicien de la Nouvelle Rhétorique. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 11 (4):693 - 711.
    Dans son effort pour ébranler la dichotomie entre la raison calculatrice et le domaine de l'irrationnel, Ch. Perelman s'inspire de la rhétorique ancienne et, entre autres, de Platon. Il utilise celui-ci pour illustrer le mépris des philosophes à l'égard de la rhétorique, pour indiquer la voie d'une rhétorique différente, et pour caractériser la forme du dialogue. On montre que cette condamnation de la rhétorique est beaucoup plus systématique, chez Platon, que ne le laisse entendre Perelman; que la "rhétorique digne des (...)
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  50. Guy Bouchard (1981). Paul Marcel Lemaire, Les Signes Sauvages. Une Philosophie du Langage Ordinaire Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 1 (2/3):92-96.
    Cet ouvrage se veut une réhabilitation du "langage ordinaire" cherchant à dévoiler ses "virtualités" et à "jeter un pont entre ce langage et celui de la philosophie" pour leur mutuelle sauvegarde. Il s'agit d'une entreprise phénoménologique qui, malheureusement, repose sur des soi-disant "évidences", sur une sorte de terrorisme argumentait opposant le bien (ce qui est vivant, spontané, dynamique, etc.) au mal (ce qui est inerte, mort, pétrifié, etc.), et sur la simple affirmation de ce que les "gens ordinaires" sont censés (...)
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