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  1. Hans Aarsleff (1964). Leibniz on Locke on Language. American Philosophical Quarterly 1 (3):165-188.
  2. Jonas Åkerman (2009). Perspectival Thought: A Plea for Moderate Relativism. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 62 (4).
  3. Mahrad Almotahari (2014). The Identity of a Material Thing and its Matter. Philosophical Quarterly 64 (256):387-406.
    I have both a smaller and a larger aim. The smaller aim is polemical. Kit Fine believes that a material thing—a Romanesque statue, for example, or an open door—can be distinguished from its constituent matter—a piece of alloy, say, or a hunk of plastic—without recourse to modal or temporal considerations. The statue is Romanesque; the piece of alloy is not Romanesque. The door is open; the hunk of plastic is not open. I argue that these considerations, when combined with a (...)
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  4. Bernardo Alonso (2014). Indexicals in Virtual Environments. Open Journal of Philosophy 4 (2):134-140.
    In this paper I explored three well-known cases that seem to cast doubt on the notion that a speaker is always at the place of the utterance when the utterance occurs. I gave a few examples produced in Second Life environment, which cannot be handled correctly by evaluating the expression at issue with respect to the traditional view, i.e., the kaplanian framework—where the agent and the utterer will always be identical, and the referent of “I” will always be the utterer. (...)
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  5. José Tomás Alvarado (2008). The Manifestation Argument Reconsidered. International Philosophical Quarterly 48 (4):493-516.
    Dummett’s Manifestation Argument against realism attempts to show that a realist conception of meaning cannot explain the understanding of truth-conditions transcendent to evidence. In this work the general structure of the argument is discussed along with several objections to it. This examination finds that the anti-realist is committed to a deflationary conception of the normative character of meaning that is unpalatable. This essay contends that the argument in its present form cannot have the metaphysical consequences it claims (at least not (...)
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  6. Pedro Amaral, On Meaning.
    (10) Examples (13) meaning as functional classification (14) meaning as functional classification (14) Introduces dot-quotes (15) “stand for” is a special case of functional classification (19) classical problem of “participation”.
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  7. Rani Lill Anjum, Because You’Ll Find Out Anyway, Your Wife is Having an Affair - If and Because.
    In an explanation ‘y because x’, because can be used to express an explanatory relation between an explanandum ‘y’ and an explanans ‘x’. But because can also be used to express the speaker’s reason for uttering ‘y’. This difference will be elucidated by connecting it with the distinction between the at-issue dimension and the speaker dimension of meaning. There are also internal relations between if and because that can help us find and analyse different uses of because, and thus also (...)
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  8. Rani Lill Anjum, Logic - a Map of Language?
    This is the trial lecture for Anjum's doctoral defence in 2005 at University of Tromsø.
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  9. Rani Lill Anjum, Paul Grice on Indicative Conditionals.
    Grice argues that indicative conditionals ‘if p then q’ have conventional, truth conditional meaning according to the material conditional ‘p  q’. In order to explain away the known paradoxes with this interpretation, he distinguishes between truth conditions and assertion conditions, attempting to demonstrate that the assumed connection between ‘p’ and ‘q’ (the Indirectness Condition) is a conversational implicature; hence a matter only relevant for the assertion conditions of a conditional. This paper argues that Grice fails to demonstrate i) that (...)
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  10. Michael V. Antony (1997). Book Review of Rita Nolan, "Cognitive Practices: Human Language and Human Knowledge&Quot;. [REVIEW] Philosophia 25 (1-4).
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  11. Karl-Otto Apel (1967). Analytic Philosophy of Language and the Geisteswissenschaften. Dordrecht, D. Reidel.
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  12. Valentina Apresjan (2009). The Pragmatics of Destiny in Russian and English (Towards a Description of Fundamental Cultural Concepts). In Dingfang Shu & Ken Turner (eds.), Contrasting Meanings in Languages of the East and West. Peter Lang.
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  13. Krzysztof R. Apt & Robert van Rooij (eds.) (2008). New Perspectives on Games and Interactions. Amsterdam University Press.
    This volume is a collection of papers presented at the colloquium, and it testifies to the growing importance of game theory as a tool that can capture concepts ...
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  14. Helmut Arntzen (2009). Sprache, Literatur Und Literaturwissenschaft, Medien: Beiträge Zum Sprachdenken Und Zur Sprachkritik. Lang.
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  15. David Auerbach (1994). Saying It With Numerals. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 35 (1):130-146.
    This article discusses the nature of numerals and the plausibility of their special semantic and epistemological status as proper names of numbers. Evidence is presented that minimizes the difference between numerals and other devices of direct reference. The availability of intensional contexts within formalised metamathematics is exploited to shed light on the relation between formal numerals and numerals.
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  16. Sylvain Auroux & Dino Buzzetti (1985). Current Issues in Eighteenth-Century Linguistic Historiography. Topoi 4 (2):131-144.
  17. Jody Azzouni, Emmon Bach, Chris Barker, Wojciech Buzkowski, Robyn Carsten, Gennaro Chierchia, Max Cresswell, Mark Crimmins, Mary Dalrymple & Martin Davies (1993). Reviewers of Submitted Papers During 1993. Linguistics and Philosophy 16:655-556.
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  18. Ingeborg Bachmann & Magdalena Tzaneva (eds.) (2011). Im Keller des Herzens: 38 Stimmen Zum Werk von Ingeborg Bachmann: Gedenkbuch Zum 38. Todestag von Ingeborg Bachmann 25. Juni 1926 Klagenfurt-17. Oktober 1973 Rom. [REVIEW] Lidi.
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  19. Sanja Bahun (2012). Language, Ideology, and the Human: New Interventions. Ashgate Pub. Co..
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  20. Dominic J. Balestra (1977). "Noam Chomsky: A Philosophic Overview," by Justin Lieber. Modern Schoolman 54 (3):306-307.
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  21. Marina Paola Banchetti-Robino (2009). Lebenswelt and Lebensform: Husserl and Wittgenstein on the Possibility of Intercultural Communication. ARHE (11):57-71.
  22. Marina Paola Banchetti-Robino (1997). Husserl's Theory of Language as Calculus Ratiocinator. Synthese 112 (3):303-321.
    This paper defends an interpretation of Husserl''s theory of language, specifically as it appears in the Logical Investigations, as an example of a larger body of theories dubbed ''language as calculus''. Although this particular interpretation has been previously defended by other authors, such as Hintikka and Kusch, this paper proposes to contribute to the discussion by arguing that what makes this interpretation plausible are Husserl''s distinction between the notions of meaning-intention and meaning-fulfillment, his view that meaning is instantiated through meaning-intending (...)
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  23. Pierre Baumann (2011). ¿Descripciones definidas referenciales? Princípios 18 (29):285-298.
    This paper questions the claim that definite descriptions have a referential semantics. Two possible definitions of “referential meaning” are discussed, and it is argued that definite descriptions are not referential according to either one. Devitt’s (2004, 2007) recent account of descriptions’ referential meaning is also briefly examined, and some problems with it are pointed out. It is suggested (though not shown) that the troubles with specifying exactly in what sense definite descriptions are referential point to the incoherence of the very (...)
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  24. E. F. Beall (2009). Once More on Hesiod's Supposed Tartarus Principle. Classical World 102 (2):159-161.
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  25. James R. Beebe (2003). Attributive Uses of Prosentences. Ratio 16 (1):1–15.
    Defenders of the prosentential theory of truth claim that the English language contains prosentences which function analogously to their better known cousins – pronouns. Statements such as ‘That is true’ or ‘It is true’, they claim, inherit their content from antecedent statements, just as pronouns inherit their reference from antecedent singular terms. Prosentential theorists claim that the content of these prosentences is exhausted by the content of their antecedents. They then use the notion of the inheritance of content from an (...)
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  26. Endre Begby (2011). Concepts and Abilities in Anti-Individualism. Journal of Philosophy 108 (10):555-575.
  27. Julien Beillard (2013). Equality and Transparency. American Philosophical Quarterly 50 (1):51-61.
    The principle of human moral equality is poorly understood. I criticize standard accounts and propose a mildly subversive alternative based in a certain view of the phenomenology of conceptual thought. First, a formulation of the principle: -/- (E) Every person has a basic moral worth equal to that of any other. -/- E is vague, as it should be. It is neutral regarding rival theories of the nature of the equalizing property or its value, or how we recognize either. But (...)
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  28. Hanoch Ben-Yami (2007). Review of D. Oderberg (Ed.), The Old New Logic: Essays on the Philosophy of Fred Sommers. [REVIEW] Mind 116 (461):197-202.
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  29. Guy Bennett-Hunter (2007). Heidegger on Philosophy and Language. Philosophical Writings 35:5-16.
    This paper attempts to explain why Heidegger's thought has evoked both positive and negative reactions of such an extreme nature by focussing on his answer to the central methodological question “What is Philosophy?” After briefly setting forth Heidegger‟s answer in terms of attunement to Being, the centrality to it of his view of language and by focussing on his relationship with the word "philosophy‟ and with the history of philosophy, the author shows how it has led Heidegger to construct his (...)
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  30. Lars Bergström (1994). Quine's Truth. Inquiry 37 (4):421 – 435.
    W. V. Quine has made statements about truth which are not obviously compatible, and his statements have been interpreted in more than one way. For example, Donald Davidson claims that Quine has an epistemic theory of truth, but Quine himself often says that truth is just disquotational. This paper argues that Quine should recognize two different notions of truth. One of these is disquotational, the other is empiricist. There is nothing wrong with recognizing two different notions of truth. Both may (...)
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  31. Georg W. Bertram (2006). Die Sprache Und Das Ganze: Entwurf Einer Antireduktionistischen Sprachphilosophie. Velbrück.
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  32. Gunnar Björnsson & Alexander Almér (2009). Contextualism, Assessor Relativism, and Insensitive Assessments. Logique Et Analyse 52 (208):363-372.
    Recently, contextualism about epistemic modals and predicates of taste have come under fire from advocates of assessment relativistic analyses. Contextualism, they have argued, fails to account for what we call "felicitous insensitive assessments". In this paper, we provide one hitherto overlooked way in which contextualists can embrace the phenomenon by slightly modifying an assumption that has remained in the background in most of the debate over contextualism and relativism. Finally, we briefly argue that the resulting contextualist account is at least (...)
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  33. Max Black (1968). The Labyrinth of Language. London, Pall Mall P..
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  34. István M. Bodnár (2012). Sôzein Ta Phainomena. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 12 (2):269-281.
    Saving the appearances (sôzein ta phainomena) often features as a programmatic description of the aim and objective of ancient astronomical theory. The paper, after an expository section, discusses some earlier proposals for what such a programme presupposes. After this, through a survey of the usage in Plato and Aristotle of some key terms—among them the verb sôzein—describing the relationship of an account to what it is an account of, submits that the phrase in this semantic framework could express the crucial (...)
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  35. Robert Greenleaf Brice (2014). Exploring Certainty: Wittgenstein and Wide Fields of Thought. Lexington Books.
  36. Lajos L. Brons (2014). Needing the Other: The Anatomy of the Mass Noun Thesis. ARGUMENT 4 (1):103-122.
    Othering is the construction and identification of the self or in-group and the other or out-group in mutual, unequal opposition by attributing relative inferiority and/or radical alienness to the other/out-group. Othering can be “crude” or “sophisticated”, the defining difference being that in the latter case othering depends on the interpretation of the other/out-group in terms that are applicable only to the self/in-group but that are unconsciously assumed to be universal. The Mass Noun Thesis, the idea that all nouns in certain (...)
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  37. Richard Brown (2008). The Semantics of Moral Communication. Dissertation, The Graduate Center, CUNY
    Adviser: Professor Stefan Baumrin In the first chapter I introduce the distinction between metaethics and normative ethics and argue that metaethics, properly conceived, is a part of cognitive science. For example, the debate between rationalism and sentimentalism can be informed by recent empirical work in psychology and the neurosciences. In the second chapter I argue that the traditional view that one’s theory of semantics determines what one’s theory of justification must be is mistaken. Though it has been the case that (...)
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  38. Anthony L. Brueckner (1992). Semantic Answers to Skepticism. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 73 (3):200-19.
  39. Sylvia Burrow (2008). Gendered Politeness, Self-Respect, and Autonomy. In Bernard Mulo Farenkia (ed.), In De la Politesse Linguistique au Cameroun / Linguistic Politeness in Cameroon. Peter Lang.
    Socialization enforces gendered standards of politeness that encourage men to be dominating and women to be deferential in mixed-gender discourse. This gendered dynamic of politeness places women in a double bind. If women are to participate in polite discourse with men, and thus to avail of smooth and fortuitous social interaction, women demote themselves to a lower social ranking. If women wish to rise above such ranking, then they fail to be polite and hence, open themselves to a wellspring of (...)
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  40. Vikhren I͡Anakiev Buzov (ed.) (2004). Filosofii͡a I Ezik. "Sv. Sv. Kiril I Metodiĭ".
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  41. W. M. Calder (1933). Select Papyri. With an English Translation. By A. S. Hunt and C. C. Edgar. In Two Volumes. I. Private Affairs. Pp. Xx+452. London: Heinemann (New York: Putnam), 1932. Cloth, 10s. (Leather, 12s. 6d.). [REVIEW] The Classical Review 47 (6):242.
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  42. Neil Campbell Manson (2002). What Does Language Tell Us About Consciousness? First-Person Mental Discourse and Higher-Order Thought Theories of Consciousness. Philosophical Psychology 15 (3):221 – 238.
    The fact that we can engage in first-person discourse about our own mental states seems, intuitively, to be bound up with consciousness. David Rosenthal draws upon this intuition in arguing for his higher-order thought theory of consciousness. Rosenthal's argument relies upon the assumption that the truth-conditions for "p" and "I think that p" differ. It is argued here that the truth-conditional schema debars "I think" from playing one of its (expressive) roles and thus is not a good test for (...)
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  43. L. S. Carrier (1972). Beliefs About Objects. Crítica, Revista Hispanoamericana de Filosofía 6 (16-17):99-119.
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  44. Pedro José Chamizo Domínguez (2000). Ortega a jazyk / Ortega ante el lenguaje / Ortega and Language. Filozofia 55 (2):110-117.
    Traducción de "Ortega ante el lenguaje." en: Ortega y la cultura española. Madrid, Cincel 1985.
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  45. Nate Charlow (2011). Practical Language: Its Meaning and Use. Dissertation, University of Michigan
    I demonstrate that a "speech act" theory of meaning for imperatives is—contra a dominant position in philosophy and linguistics—theoretically desirable. A speech act-theoretic account of the meaning of an imperative !φ is characterized, broadly, by the following claims. -/- LINGUISTIC MEANING AS USE !φ’s meaning is a matter of the speech act an utterance of it conventionally functions to express—what a speaker conventionally uses it to do (its conventional discourse function, CDF). -/- IMPERATIVE USE AS PRACTICAL !φ's CDF is to (...)
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  46. Leo K. C. Cheung (2004). Showing, Analysis and the Truth-Functionality of Logical Necessity in Wittgenstein's Tractatus. Synthese 139 (1):81 - 105.
    This paper aims to explain how the Tractatus attempts to unify logic by deriving the truth-functionality of logical necessity from the thesis that a proposition shows its sense. I first interpret the Tractarian notion of showing as the displaying of what is intrinsic to an expression (or a symbol). Then I argue that, according to the Tractatus, the thesis that a proposition shows its sense implies the determinacy of sense, the possibility of the complete elimination of non-primitive symbols, the analyticity (...)
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  47. William N. Christensen & John King-Farlow (1970). Two Sides to a Theist's Coin. Philosophical Studies 19:172-180.
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  48. James W. Comman (1964). Linguistig Frameworks and Metaphysical Questions. Inquiry 7 (1-4):129 – 142.
    This paper tries to show that although Carnap's distinction between internal and external questions in terms of a linguistic framework is philosophically important, and that although metaphysical questions are, as Carnap claims, external questions, Carnap's conclusion that all meaningful metaphysical questions are practical questions about language is not justified. This is done in three steps. First, it is argued that it is plausible to suppose that there is for languages a kind of external question other than the one kind Carnap (...)
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  49. Maeve Cooke (2006). Salvaging and Secularizing the Semantic Contents of Religion: The Limitations of Habermas's Postmetaphysical Proposal. [REVIEW] International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 60 (1/3):187 - 207.
    The article considers Jürgen Habermas's views on the relationship between postmetaphysical philosophy and religion. It outlines Habermas's shift from his earlier, apparently dismissive attitude towards religion to his presently more receptive stance. This more receptive stance is evident in his recent emphasis on critical engagement with the semantic contents of religion and may be characterized by two interrelated theses: (a) the view that religious contributions should be included in political deliberations in the informally organized public spheres of contemporary democracies, though (...)
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  50. Raul Corazzon, Abelard: Logic, Semantics, Ontology and His Theories of the Copula (Second Part).
    "With Abelard, the term 'copula' enters into western thought. In fact, although widely attested, the use of the term 'copula' in reference to Aristotle's work is totally anachronistic. (1) What led to this term? In his Dialectica, Abelard was mainly concerned with the way syllogisms can be construed. The interest of the copula was in fact derivative from this main concern. As Kneale and Kneale (The development of logic, 1962: 206) put it, 'it is clear that for his [Aristotle's] theory (...)
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