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Philosophy of Language

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  1. added 2014-11-27
    William Craig (2014). Peter van Inwagen, Substitutional Quantification, and Ontological Commitment. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 55 (4):553-561.
    Peter van Inwagen has long claimed that he doesn’t understand substitutional quantification and that the notion is, in fact, meaningless. Van Inwagen identifies the source of his bewilderment as an inability to understand the proposition expressed by a simple sentence like “($\Sigma x$) ($x$ is a dog),” where “$\Sigma$” is the existential quantifier understood substitutionally. I should think that the proposition expressed by this sentence is the same as that expressed by “($\exists x$) ($x$ is a dog).” So what’s the (...)
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  2. added 2014-11-22
    Pedro Karczmarczyk (2007). Estudio crítico: Martin Kusch A Sceptical Guide to Meaning and Rules. Defending Kripke's Wittgenstein, Montreal and Kingston, Ithaca, McGuill-Queen's University Press, 2006. Diálogos. Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad de Puerto Rico 42 (89):157-188.
    El presente trabajo es un estudio del libro de Martin Kusch acerca den las tesis sostenidas en "Wittgenstein on Rules and Private Language" (WRPL) por Saul Kripke examinado a la luz de la controversia desatada por la publicación del mismo en 1982, una de las más intensas que han ocurrido en los últimos 25 años en el seno de la filosofía analítica. En nuestro estudio procedemos en tres etapas. En la primera, presentaremos el desafío del Wittgenstein de Kripke de una (...)
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  3. added 2014-11-18
    Pedro Karczmarczyk (2012). Los argumentos del lenguaje privado. Notas para la reconstrucción de una controversia. Dialogos 92:73-124.
    Intentaremos reconstruir la controversia acerca de la posibilidad de un lenguaje privado. Analizamos primero las posiciones “epistemológicas” (Malcolm y Fogelin), mostrando sus fallos. Luego analizamos la versión “semántica” (Kenny y Tugendhat) encontrándolas igualmente fallidas. La crítica de Barry Stroud a los argumentos trascendentales como argumentos antiescépticos nos permite discernir el presupuesto común que debilita las posiciones anteriores. Asimismo, la reconstrucción permite apreciar mejor la manera en la que la versión de Kripke evita comprometerse con este presupueto. Argumentamos que esta versión (...)
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  4. added 2014-11-18
    Hashi Hisaki & Józef Niżnik (eds.) (2011). What is Truth?: In Philosophy and in Different Scientific Disciplines: Proceedings of the Symposium at the Scientific Centre of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Vienna, 3rd-4th June 2009. [REVIEW] Scientific Centre of the Polish Academy of Sciences.
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  5. added 2014-11-18
    James Cain (1999). Teaching Truth-Functional Conditionals. APA Newsletter on Teaching Philosophy 98 (2):160-162.
  6. added 2014-11-17
    García Negroni & María Marta (eds.) (2011). Los Discursos Del Saber: Prácticas Discursivas y Enunciación Académica. Editoras Del Calderón.
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  7. added 2014-11-16
    Jose L. Zalabardo (forthcoming). Wittgenstein's Nonsense Objection to Russell's Theory of Judgment. In Michael Campbell & Michael O’Sullivan (eds.), Wittgenstein and Perception. Routledge.
    I offer an interpretation of Wittgenstein's claim that Russell's theory of judgment fails to show that it's not possible to judge nonsense.
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  8. added 2014-11-16
    James R. Shaw (forthcoming). What is a Truth-Value Gap? Linguistics and Philosophy:1-32.
    Truth-value gaps have received little attention from a foundational perspective, a fact which has rightfully opened up gap theories to charges of vacuousness. This paper develops an account of the foundations of gap-like behavior which has some hope of avoiding such charges. I begin by reviewing and sharpening a powerful argument of Dummett’s to constrain the options that gap theorists have to make sense of their views. I then show that within these strictures, we can give an account of gaps (...)
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  9. added 2014-11-16
    Dietrich Böhler (2013). Verbindlichkeit Aus Dem Diskurs: Denken Und Handeln Nach der Sprachpragmatischen Wende. Alber.
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  10. added 2014-11-16
    Daniela Marzo (2013). Polysemie Als Verfahren Lexikalischer Motivation: Theorie Und Empirie Am Beispiel von Metonymie Und Metapher Im Französischen Und Italienischen. Narr.
    Motivation und Ikonizität : Die Frage nach dem richtigen Wort -- Der Zusammenhang von Polysemie, Ikonizität und lexikalischer Motivation -- Empirische Ermittlung lexikalischer Motivation : Die Frage nach der richtigen Methode -- Der Einfluss konzeptueller Relationen auf intrinsische und extrinsische Motivierbarkeit -- Polysemie und Skalen diagrammatischer Transparenz : Ein formales und semantisches Transparenzmodell -- Zusammenfassung und Schlussbemerkungen.
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  11. added 2014-11-16
    Walther Dieckmann (2012). Wege Und Abwege der Sprachkritik. Hempen Verlag.
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  12. added 2014-11-16
    Pedro Karczmarczyk (2011). La relevancia de Wittgenstein para una teoría materialista del discurso. In Actas de las VIII Jornadas de Investigación en Filosofía. Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias de la Educación.
    En el presente trabajo intentaremos mostrar la relevancia del planteo filosófico wittgensteiniano para la fundamentación y el desarrollo de una teoría materialista del discurso. Tomaremos como punto de partida para examinar esta tesis la propuesta de una teoría materialista del discurso desarrollada por Michel Pêcheux (1938-1983). Pêcheux fue un pensador marxista, discípulo de Louis Althusser, a quien habitualmente se ubica en los orígenes de lo que se conoce como “Escuela francesa de Análisis del discurso”2. En nuestro trabajo nos concentraremos en (...)
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  13. added 2014-11-15
    Lionel Shapiro (2014). Assertoric Force Perspectivalism: Relativism Without Relative Truth. Ergo 1 (6).
    According to relativist accounts of discourse about, e.g., epistemic possibility and matters of taste, the truth of propositions must be relativized to nonstandard parameters. This paper argues that the central thrust of such accounts should be understood independently of relative truth, in terms of a perspectival account of assertoric force. My point of departure is a stripped-down version of Brandom’s analysis of the normative structure of discursive practice. By generalizing that structure, I make room for an analogue of the “assessment (...)
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  14. added 2014-11-14
    Alessia Marabini (2014). La concezione epistemica dell'analiticità. Aracne editrice.
    La rinascita negli ultimi decenni di un nutrito dibattito intorno alla nozione di analiticità dopo le critiche a suo tempo mosse da Quine alla batteria di nozioni utilizzate da Rudolf Carnap (ad esempio, postulati di significato, regole semantiche, definizioni implicite, convenzioni e stipulazioni esplicite) prende le mosse da una riflessione critica sulle argomentazioni di Quine e tenta, da un lato, di approfondire meglio il legame fra analiticità e conoscenza a priori, e, dall’altro, di capire meglio il ruolo che la definizione (...)
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  15. added 2014-11-14
    Paul Sailer-Wlasits (2003). Die Rückseite der Sprache: Philosophie der Metapher. Ediition Va Bene.
    Im Unausgesprochenen der Metapher zeigt sich das Wesen des Bezeichnens. Die textuelle Abwesenheit des mit der Metapher Gemeinten, ihr beredtes Schweigen, entspricht dem Verweisen einer Spur, dem Legen einer Fährte. Das Zusammendenken ihre Hermeneutik, ontologischen Einbettung und philosophischen Ästhetik führt den Gedanken zu ihrem polysemen Potenzial. Kap. 1: Genese einer Trope Kap. 2: Tropische Hermeneutik Kap. 3: Metapher der Zeit – Zeit der Metapher Kap. 4: Perspektiven und Meridiane: Zur Ästhetik der Metapher.
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  16. added 2014-11-13
    Stephen Barker (forthcoming). Expressivism About Reference and Quantification Over the Non-Existent Without Meinongian Metaphysics. Erkenntnis 79.
    Can we believe that there are non-existent entities without commitment to the Meinongian metaphysics? This paper argues we can. What leads us from quantification over non-existent beings to Meinongianism is a general metaphysical assumption about reality at large, and not merely quantification over the non-existent. Broadly speaking, the assumption is that every being we talk about must have a real definition. It’s this assumption that drives us to enquire into the nature of beings like Pegasus, and what our relationship as (...)
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  17. added 2014-11-13
    Giorgio Volpe (forthcoming). Truth and Justification: A Difference That Makes a Difference. Philosophia:1-16.
    Apparently, aiming to comply with the norm ‘Believe that P if and only if the proposition that P is true’ can hardly differ from aiming to comply with the norm ‘Believe that P if and only if the proposition that P is epistemically justified’. So one may be tempted to agree with Richard Rorty that the distinction between truth and justification is pragmatically useless because it cannot make any difference ‘when the question is about what I should believe now’. I (...)
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  18. added 2014-11-13
    Stephen Barker (2014). Pure Versus Hybrid Expressivism and the Enigma of Conventional Implicature. In Guy Fletcher & Mike Ridge (eds.), Having it Both Ways: Hybrid Theories and Modern
Metaethics. Oxford.
    Can hybridism about moral claims be made to work? I argue it can if we accept the conventional implicature approach developed in Barker (Analysis 2000). However, this kind of hybrid expressivism is only acceptable if we can make sense of conventional implicature, the kind of meaning carried by operators like ‘even’, ‘but’, etc. Conventional implictures are a form of pragmatic presupposition, which involves an unsaid mode of delivery of content. I argue that we can make sense of conventional implicatures, but (...)
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  19. added 2014-11-13
    Eric Swanson (2014). Ordering Supervaluationism, Counterpart Theory, and Ersatz Fundamentality. Journal of Philosophy 111 (6):289-310.
    Many philosophical theories make comparisons between objects, events, states of affairs, worlds, or systems, and many such theories deliver plausible verdicts only if some of the elements they compare are ranked as ‘best.’ When the relevant ordering does not have such ‘best’ or ‘tied for best’ elements the theory wrongly falls silent or gives badly counterintuitive results. This paper develops ordering supervaluationism---a very general technique that allows any such theory to handle these problematic cases. Just as ordinary supervaluation helps us (...)
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  20. added 2014-11-12
    Jonas Åkerman (forthcoming). Infelicitous Cancellation: The Explicit Cancellability Test for Conversational Implicature Revisited. Australasian Journal of Philosophy.
    This paper questions the adequacy of the explicit cancellability test for conversational implicature as it is commonly understood. The standard way of understanding this test relies on two assumptions: First, that one can test whether a certain content is (merely) conversationally implicated by checking whether that content is cancellable, and second, that a cancellation is successful only if it results in a felicitous utterance. While I accept the first of these assumptions, I reject the second one. I argue that a (...)
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  21. added 2014-11-12
    Stephen Barker & Mihaela Popa-Wyatt (forthcoming). Irony and the Dogma of Force and Sense. Analysis 75.
    Frege’s distinction between force and sense is a central pillar of modern thinking about meaning. This is the idea that a self-standing utterance of a sentence S can be divided into two components. One is the proposition P that S’s linguistic meaning and context associates with it. The other is S’s illocutionary force. The force/sense distinction is associated with another thesis, the embedding principle, that implies that the only content that embeds in compound sentences is propositional content. We argue that (...)
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  22. added 2014-11-12
    Nicholas Laskowski (2014). How to Pull a Metaphysical Rabbit Out of an End-Relational Semantic Hat. Res Philosophica 91 (4):589-607.
    Analytic reductivism in metaethics has long been out of philosophical vogue. In Confusion of Tongues: A Theory of Normativity (2014), Stephen Finlay tries to resuscitate it by developing an analytic metaethical reductive naturalistic semantics for ‘good.’ He argues that an end-relational semantics is the simplest account that can explain all of the data concerning the term, and hence the most plausible theory of it. I argue that there are several assumptions that a reductive naturalist would need to make about contextual (...)
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  23. added 2014-11-11
    Salvatore Florio & Øystein Linnebo (forthcoming). On the Innocence and Determinacy of Plural Quantification. Noûs.
    Plural logic is widely assumed to have two important virtues: ontological innocence and determinacy. It is claimed to be innocent in the sense that it incurs no ontological commitments beyond those already incurred by the first-order quantifiers. It is claimed to be determinate in the sense that it is immune to the threat of non-standard (Henkin) interpretations that confronts higher-order logics on their more traditional, set-based semantics. We challenge both claims. Our challenge is based on a Henkin-style semantics for plural (...)
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  24. added 2014-11-10
    Carrie Figdor (forthcoming). On the Proper Domain of Psychological Predicates. Synthese.
    One question of the bounds of cognition is that of which things have it. A scientifically relevant debate on this question must explain the persistent and selective use of psychological predicates to report findings throughout biology: for example, that neurons prefer, fruit flies and plants decide, and bacteria communicate linguistically. This paper argues that these claims should enjoy default literal interpretation. An epistemic consequence is that these findings can contribute directly to understanding the nature of psychological capacities.
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  25. added 2014-11-09
    Pedro Karczmarczyk (2013). Discurso y Subjetividad: Michel Pêcheux Hacia Una Teoría de Las Garantías Ideológicas. Décalages. An Althusser Studies Journal 1 (3):1-25.
    En su célebre artículo sobre la ideología y los aparatos ideológicos de estado, Althusser indicaba que las evidencias por las cuales una palabra “designa una cosa” o “posee una significación” se ubicaban, junto con la evidencia de ser sujetos, al nivel de los efectos ideológicos fundamentales. Por otra parte, Althusser destacaba la carencia de una teoría de la garantía ideológica. Con la primera observación, Althusser se limitaba a señalar un paralelo, sin establecer una conexión. Con la segunda, llegaba a fijar (...)
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  26. added 2014-11-09
    Pedro Karczmarczyk (2013). Wittgenstein, Winch, Kripkenstein y la posibilidad de la crítica. Cuadernos de Filosofía 30:07-37.
    The present paper deals with the consequences Kripke’s interpretation of Wittgenstein’s private language argument has for political and social thought. We will show this is particularly important because it challenges the framework where ordinarily is located the discussion of the political and social relevance of Wittgenstein’s thought. Classical discussion has been concerned mainly with the role of communitary agreement, its relativistic or conservative consequences, the room for criticism and disagreement that it leaves, etc. We discern in classical reading a commitment (...)
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  27. added 2014-11-09
    Geert Keil (2010). Naturalismuskritik und Metaphorologie. In Michael Bölker Mathias Gutmann & Wolfgang Hesse (eds.), Information und Menschenbild. 155-171.
    In natürlicher Sprache formulierte Theorien über welchen Gegenstandsbereich auch immer zeichnen sich wesentlich durch ihre zentralen Begriffe aus. In der Begrifflichkeit einer Theorie spiegeln sich ihre Klassifikationen und gegebenenfalls die angenommenen natürlichen Arten wider. Da von den natürlichen Arten unter anderem abhängt, welche induktiven Schlüsse möglich sind, kann man ohne Übertreibung sagen, dass die zentralen Begriffe einer Theorie einen Teil ihrer Erklärungslast tragen. Eine naturalistische Theorie beansprucht, die von ihr behandelten Phänomene als Teile der natürlichen Welt verständlich zu machen, und (...)
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  28. added 2014-11-08
    Joongol Kim (forthcoming). The Sortal Resemblance Problem. Canadian Journal of Philosophy:1-18.
    Is it possible to characterize the sortal essence of Fs for a sortal concept F solely in terms of a criterion of identity C for F? That is, can the question ‘What sort of thing are Fs?’ be answered by saying that Fs are essentially those things whose identity can be assessed in terms of C? This paper presents a case study supporting a negative answer to these questions by critically examining the neo-Fregean suggestion that cardinal numbers can be fully (...)
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  29. added 2014-11-08
    Susanne Bobzien (2014). Higher-Order Vagueness and Numbers of Distinct Modalities. Disputatio (39):131-137.
    This paper shows that the following common assumption is false: that in modal-logical representations of higher-order vagueness, for there to be borderline cases to borderline cases ad infinitum, the number of possible distinct modalities in a modal system must be infinite. (Open access journal).
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  30. added 2014-11-07
    Cesare Cozzo (2011). Discussion. In Carlo Cellucci, Emily Grosholz & Emiliano Ippoliti (eds.), Logic and Knowledge. Cambridge Scholars. 101-7.
    Is a rational dispute over the validity of a fundamental logical law possible? In his lecture ‘Logics and Metalogics’, Timothy Williamson criticizes Dummett’s approach to this problem and maintains that a semantic theory does not provide a way of settling disputes over the validity of fundamental logical laws. I argue that Dummett’s view is different from the view criticized by Williamson. Dummett does not think that a semantic theory alone can settle a dispute over the validity of a fundamental logical (...)
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  31. added 2014-11-07
    Paul Sailer-Wlasits (2007). Hermeneutik des Mythos. Philosophie der Mythologie zwischen Lógos und Léxis. Edition Va Bene.
    Die herausragende Gemeinsamkeit unzähliger Mythen ist ihre immense textuelle Haltbarkeit. Der narrative Grundbestand ihres ursprünglichen Sagens überbrückt die Jahrtausende. Von der polytheistischen Genese des Mythos über die Ikonologie der Gottesnamen bis zur Ästhetik des Mythischen reicht die Lektüre der Theogonie. Zusammen mit den Abnützungen, Verwerfungen und Brüchen des mythologischen Diskurses stellen metaphorische und tautegorische Aspekte ein lebendiges Andenken an den Ursprung der Erzählung dar. Kap. 1: Die Gabe der Theogonie Kap. 2: Die Dauer des Himmels Kap. 3: Ikonologie der Gottesnamen (...)
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  32. added 2014-11-07
    Cesare Cozzo (1994). Ruolo argomentativo immediato. Lingua E Stile:241-65.
    The author presents a theory of meaning centred upon the notion of "immediate argumental role", which distinguishes between understandability and correctness of a language. First, the theoretical and quasi-empirical criteria of adequacy and the relevant data for such a theory are described. Then the sense of a word is defined as given by a set of argumentation rules. The immediate argumental role of a sentence is determined by its syntactic structure and by the senses of the component words. The immediate (...)
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  33. added 2014-11-06
    Paul Sailer-Wlasits (2012). Verbalradikalismus: Kritische Geistesgeschichte eines soziopolitisch-sprachphilosophischen Phänomens. Edition Va Bene.
    Sprache und Macht befanden und befinden sich stets in unheilvoller Nachbarschaft. Doch in welcher Form begegnet uns Verbalradikalismus? Existiert dieser in Demokratien oder gelangt er erst in den Entgleisungen totalitärer Sprachpraxis zum Vorschein? An welcher Stelle beginnt Sprachgewalt in Gewalt durch Sprache umzuschlagen? Ist der Verbalradikalismus lediglich ein Phänomen der Moderne? Von den frühesten Texten des Alten Testaments und deren semantischer Aufladung führt der Weg über die Blütezeiten der griechischen Rhetorik nach Rom, in das Zentrum der antiken Macht, in dem (...)
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  34. added 2014-11-03
    Max Kölbel (2014). Relativism 2: Semantic Content. Philosophy Compass:1-16.
    In the pair of articles of which this is the second, I present a set of problems and philosophical proposals that have in recent years been associated with the term “relativism”. These problems are related to the question of how we should represent thought and speech about certain topics. The main issue is whether we should model such mental states or linguistic acts as involving representational contents that are absolutely correct or incorrect, or whether, alternatively, their correctness should be thought (...)
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  35. added 2014-11-03
    Max Kölbel (2014). Relativism 1: Representational Content. Philosophy Compass:1-14.
    In the pair of articles of which this is the first, I shall present a set of problems and philosophical proposals that have in recent years been associated with the term “relativism”. All these problems and proposals concern the question of how we should represent thought and speech about certain topics. The main issue here is whether we should model such mental states or linguistic acts as involving representational contents that are absolutely correct or incorrect, or whether, alternatively, their correctness (...)
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  36. added 2014-11-03
    David Kaplan (2011). An Idea of Donnellan. In Joseph Almog & Paolo Leonardi (eds.), Having In Mind: The Philosophy of Keith Donnellan. Oxford, but (c) David Kaplan. 122-175.
    This is a story about three of my favorite philosophers—Donnellan, Russell, and Frege—about how Donnellan’s concept of having in mind relates to ideas of the others, and especially about an aspect of Donnellan’s concept that has been insufficiently discussed: how this epistemic state can be transmitted from one person to another.
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  37. added 2014-10-29
    Jamin Asay (forthcoming). Epistemicism and the Liar. Synthese:1-21.
    One well known approach to the soritical paradoxes is epistemicism, the view that propositions involving vague notions have definite truth values, though it is impossible in principle to know what they are. Recently, Paul Horwich has extended this approach to the liar paradox, arguing that the liar proposition has a truth value, though it is impossible to know which one it is. The main virtue of the epistemicist approach is that it need not reject classical logic, and in particular the (...)
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  38. added 2014-10-28
    Sweeney Paula (forthcoming). The Utility of Content-Relativism. Dialectica.
    Content-relativism is a semantic theory that states that the content of an uttered sentence can vary according to some feature of an assessment context. This paper has two objectives. The first is to determine which features a motivational case for content-relativism would display—what would a good case for content-relativism look like? The second is to consider cases which appear to have the required features and evaluate their prospects as motivational cases. I identify two varieties of motivational case for content-relativism: content (...)
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  39. added 2014-10-28
    Francois-Igor Pris (2014). О Новом Философском Методе И Новой Реалистической Философии Жослина Бенуаста. Philosophy and Social Sciences (in Russian) 1:32-36.
  40. added 2014-10-28
    Gabriel Furmuzachi (2007). Language, Identity and Multiculturalism. Logos.
    With Augustine and especially with Wittgenstein, we see that when we use language we negotiate a meaning since language is something we acquire in a community. On the other hand, Chomsky argues that language is something that happens to us, rather than something we learn. We attempt to bring these two positions in a balance by following Davidson's ideas on meaning and radical interpretation, which gives us a way to keep meaning (what someone thinks) and belief (what someone holds true (...)
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  41. added 2014-10-28
    Gabriel Furmuzachi (2003). On Words and Things. Vox Philosophiae 1.
    In this essay, I will critically examine Collin Turbayne and Philip Wheelwright's approaches to the theory of metaphor. Through criticism of their views I will arrive at Paul Ricoeur's theory which I consider is the most comprehensive one. Ricoeur retains what is fruitful from the above mentioned theories and tries to make them part of a very ambitious project which is represented by his monumental work The Rule of Metaphor (1977). He manages to open a new dimension in the analysis (...)
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  42. added 2014-10-28
    Gabriel Furmuzachi (2001). Emotions, Metaphors and Reality. Lakehead University.
    In their work The Faces of Reason: An Essay on Philosophy and Culture in English Canada 1850-1 950, Leslie Armour and Elizabeth Trott consider that the Canadian way of doing philosophy uses reason in an accommodationist manner. I propose in this thesis that William Lyall's Intellect, the Emotions and the Moral Nature represents a splendid example of the accomodationist use of reason. The Maritimes philosopher advances the idea that emotions have a cognitive value, a claim which I support by trying (...)
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  43. added 2014-10-22
    John Corcoran (forthcoming). Tarski’s Convention T: Condition Beta. SOUTH AMERICAN JOURNAL OF LOGIC 1 (1).
    Tarski’s Convention T—presenting his notion of adequate definition of truth (sic)—contains two conditions: alpha and beta. Alpha requires that all instances of a certain T Schema be provable. Beta requires in effect the provability of ‘every truth is a sentence’. Beta formally recognizes the fact, repeatedly emphasized by Tarski, that sentences (devoid of free variable occurrences)—as opposed to pre-sentences (having free occurrences of variables)—exhaust the range of significance of is true. In Tarski’s preferred usage, it is part of the meaning (...)
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  44. added 2014-10-22
    Christopher McCammon (2014). Representing Yourself as Knowing. American Philosophical Quarterly 51 (2):133-144.
    Lots of folks nowadays think there is an intimate connection between what we assert and what we know. Talk of this connection is largely oriented around Timothy Williamson’s claim that you shouldn’t assert p unless you know p. Hereafter, I will treat this claim as follows: -/- (KNA) Don’t assert that p unless so asserting expresses your knowledge that p. -/- (KNA) is for “Knowledge Norm of Assertion”. -/- A primary aim here is to defend the KNA. However, getting in (...)
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  45. added 2014-10-20
    Hilla Jacobson-Horowitz (2009). From Causality to Rigidity. Linguistic and Philosophical Investigations 8:75-93.
    Kripke has argued that names are rigid designators, and that a name's reference is determined by a causal chain of a certain kind that connects an object with the name's use, thus making the name this object's name. He has not shown that there is a logical connection between these two theses of him. The purpose of the paper is to establish such a connection. It argues that on the assumption that names refer to objects in possible worlds other than (...)
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  46. added 2014-10-20
    Hilla Jacobson-Horowitz (2005). Brandom on Kripke's Puzzle. Logique Et Analyse 189:159-168.
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  47. added 2014-10-17
    Lionel Shapiro (2014). Sellars on the Function of Semantic Vocabulary. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 22 (4):792-811.
    This paper examines two explanations Sellars gives, at successive stages of his career, of how semantic vocabulary (paradigmatically ?means that???? and ?is true if and only if????) lets us relate linguistic expressions to extra-linguistic reality. Despite their differences, both explanations reveal a distinctive pragmatist approach. According to Sellars, we do not use semantic vocabulary to describe language-world relations. Rather, our taking language to relate to the world is implicit in the moves (inferential or non-inferential) licensed by our semantic assertions. I (...)
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  48. added 2014-10-17
    Lajos L. Brons (2014). Language Death and Diversity: Philosophical and Linguistic Implications. The Science of Mind 52:243-260.
    This paper presents a simple model to estimate the number of languages that existed throughout history, and considers philosophical and linguistic implications of the findings. The estimated number is 150,000 plus or minus 50,000.
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  49. added 2014-10-16
    David Ellerman, Four Ways From Universal to Particular: How Chomsky's Language-Acquisition Faculty is Not Selectionist.
    Following the development of the selectionist theory of the immune system, there was an attempt to characterize many biological mechanisms as being "selectionist" as juxtaposed to "instructionist." But this broad definition would group Darwinian evolution, the immune system, embryonic development, and Chomsky's language-acquisition mechanism as all being "selectionist." Yet Chomsky's mechanism (and embryonic development) are significantly different from the selectionist mechanisms of biological evolution or the immune system. Surprisingly, there is a very abstract way using two dual mathematical logics to (...)
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  50. added 2014-10-16
    Daniel Cohnitz & Jussi Haukioja (forthcoming). Intuitions in Philosophical Semantics. Erkenntnis:1-25.
    We argue that the term “intuition”, as it is used in metaphilosophy, is ambiguous between at least four different senses. In philosophy of language, the relevant “intuitions” are either the outputs of our competence to interpret and produce linguistic expressions, or the speakers’ or hearers’ own reports of these outputs. The semantic facts that philosophers of language are interested in are determined by the outputs of our competence. Hence, philosophers of language should be interested in investigating these, and they do (...)
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