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Philosophy of Language

Edited by Berit Brogaard (University of Missouri St. Louis)
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  1. added 2014-12-17
    Andreea C. Nicolae (forthcoming). Questions with NPIs. Natural Language Semantics:1-56.
    This paper investigates how the distribution of negative polarity items can inform our understanding of the underlying semantic representation of constituent questions. It argues that the distribution of NPIs in questions is governed by the same logical properties that govern their distribution in declarative constructions. Building on an observation due to Guerzoni and Sharvit that strength of exhaustivity in questions correlates with the acceptability of NPIs, I propose a revision of the semantics of questions that can explain this link in (...)
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  2. added 2014-12-17
    Markus Christen, Mark Alfano & Brian Robinson (forthcoming). The Semantic Neighborhood of Intellectual Humility. Proceedings of the European Conference on Social Intelligence.
    Intellectual humility is an interesting but underexplored disposition. The claim “I am (intellectually) humble” seems paradoxical in that someone who has the disposition in question would not typically volunteer it. There is an explanatory gap between the meaning of the sentence and the meaning the speaker expresses by uttering it. We therefore suggest analyzing intellectual humility semantically, using a psycholexical approach that focuses on both synonyms and antonyms of ‘intellectual humility’. We present a thesaurus-based method to map the semantic space (...)
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  3. added 2014-12-17
    Andreas Dorschel (1997). Bilder und Worte. Weimarer Beiträge: Zeitschrift Für Literaturwissenschaft, Ästhetik Und Kulturwissenschaften 43 (1):110-122.
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  4. added 2014-12-17
    Andreas Dorschel, Matthias Kettner, Wolfgang Kuhlmann & Marcel Niquet (eds.) (1993). Transzendentalpragmatik. Ein Symposion für Karl-Otto Apel. Suhrkamp.
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  5. added 2014-12-17
    Andreas Dorschel (1990). Kulturevolution, Biologie und Sprache. Empirische und rationale Selektionskriterien. Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 38 (10):984-992.
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  6. added 2014-12-15
    Boris Rähme (2014). An Explanatory Role for the Concept of Truth. In Fabio Bacchini, Stefano Caputo & Massimo Dell'Utri (eds.), New Frontiers in Truth. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. 15-37.
  7. added 2014-12-15
    Lionel Shapiro (2014). Assertoric Force Perspectivalism: Relativism Without Relative Truth. Ergo 1 (6).
    According to relativist accounts of discourse about, e.g., epistemic possibility and matters of taste, the truth of propositions must be relativized to nonstandard parameters. This paper argues that the central thrust of such accounts should be understood independently of relative truth, in terms of a perspectival account of assertoric force. My point of departure is a stripped-down version of Brandom’s analysis of the normative structure of discursive practice. By generalizing that structure, I make room for an analogue of the “assessment (...)
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  8. added 2014-12-12
    Lajos L. Brons (2014). Needing the Other: The Anatomy of the Mass Noun Thesis. ARGUMENT 4 (1):103-122.
    Othering is the construction and identification of the self or in-group and the other or out-group in mutual, unequal opposition by attributing relative inferiority and/or radical alienness to the other/out-group. Othering can be “crude” or “sophisticated”, the defining difference being that in the latter case othering depends on the interpretation of the other/out-group in terms that are applicable only to the self/in-group but that are unconsciously assumed to be universal. The Mass Noun Thesis, the idea that all nouns in certain (...)
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  9. added 2014-12-11
    Herman Cappelen & Torfinn Huvenes (forthcoming). Relative Truth. In Michael Glanzberg (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Truth. Oxford University Press.
    An introduction to relativism about truth.
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  10. added 2014-12-09
    Rachel McKinnon (forthcoming). Norms of Assertion: Truth, Lies, and Warrant. Palgrave Macmillan.
    This book is about the norms of the speech act of assertion. This is a topic of lively contemporary debate primarily carried out in epistemology and philosophy of language. Suppose that you ask me what time an upcoming meeting starts, and I say, “4 p.m.” I’ve just asserted that the meeting starts at 4 p.m. Whenever we make claims like this, we’re asserting. The central question here is whether we need to know what we say, and, relatedly, whether what we (...)
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  11. added 2014-12-08
    André Bazzoni (forthcoming). Hintikka on the Foundations of Mathematics: IF Logic and Uniformity Concepts. Journal of Philosophical Logic:1-10.
    The initial goal of the present paper is to reveal a mistake committed by Hintikka in a recent paper on the foundations of mathematics. His claim that independence-friendly logic (IFL) is the real logic of mathematics is supported in that article by an argument relying on uniformity concepts taken from real analysis. I show that the central point of his argument is a simple logical mistake. Second and more generally, I conclude, based on the previous remarks and on another standard (...)
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  12. added 2014-12-08
    Eva-Maria Engelen (1999). Das Feststehende bestimmt das Mögliche. Semantische Untersuchungen zu Möglichkeitsurteilen. frommann-holzboog.
  13. added 2014-12-04
    Zsofia Zvolenszky (2014). Artifactualism and Authorial Creation. Proceedings of the European Society for Aesthetics.
    Artifactualism about fictional characters, positing Harry Potter as an abstract artifact created by J. K. Rowling, has been criticized on the grounds that the idea of creating such objects is mysterious and problematic. In the light of such qualms, it is worth homing in on an argument in favor of artifactualism, showing that it is the best way to include the likes of Harry Potter in our ontology precisely because it incorporates authorial creation. To that end, I will be exploring (...)
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  14. added 2014-12-02
    Jose L. Zalabardo (forthcoming). Representation and Reality in Wittgenstein's Tractatus. Oxford University Press.
    The book puts forward an interpretation of some central ideas of Wittgenstein’s Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus concerning the structure of reality and our representations of it in thought and language. It presents the origins of Wittgenstein’s picture theory of propositional representation in Russell’s theories of judgment, arguing that the picture theory is Wittgenstein’s solution to some problems that he found in Russell’s position. It defends the view that, for Wittgenstein, facts in general, and the facts that play the role of propositions in (...)
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  15. added 2014-12-01
    Kevin Dorst (2014). Can the Knowledge Norm Co‐Opt the Opt Out? Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 3 (3).
    The Knowledge Norm of Assertion claims that it is proper to assert that p only if one knows that p. Though supported by a wide range of evidence, it appears to generate incorrect verdicts when applied to utterances of “I don't know.” Instead of being an objection to KNA, I argue that this linguistic data shows that “I don't know” does not standardly function as a literal assertion about one's epistemic status; rather, it is an indirect speech act that has (...)
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  16. added 2014-11-29
    Frieder Vogelmann (2014). Kraft, Widerständigkeit, Historizität Überlegungen zu einer Genealogie der Wahrheit. Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 62 (6):1062–1086.
    Does truth have a history? Whereas Bernard William denies it and only allows a history of truthfulness, I defend the possibility of a critical history or genealogy of truth. Because a trifling relativistic historicization of truth leads to a paradoxically a-historic and pacifistic conception of truth, one must first establish the methodological concepts with which a genealogy of truth can avoid both problems. Three first steps towards such concepts can be found in some of Michel Foucault’s lectures, which lead the (...)
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  17. added 2014-11-29
    Guillaume Beaulac (2014). Language, Mind, and Cognitive Science: Remarks on Theories of the Language-Cognition Relationships in Human Minds. Dissertation, University of Western Ontario
    My dissertation establishes the basis for a systematic outlook on the role language plays in human cognition. It is an investigation based on a cognitive conception of language, as opposed to communicative conceptions, viz. those that suppose that language plays no role in cognition (its only role being to externalize thought). I focus, in Chapter 2, on three paradigmatic theories adopting this perspective, each offering different views on how language contributes to or changes cognition. -/- In Chapter 3, I criticize (...)
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  18. added 2014-11-28
    Barlassina Luca & Del Prete Fabio (forthcoming). The Puzzle of the Changing Past. Analysis.
    If you utter sentence (1) ‘Obama was born in 1961’ now, you say something true about the past. Since the past will always be such that the year 1961 has the property of being a time in which Obama was born, it seems impossible that (1) could ever be false in a future context of utterance. We shall consider the case of a sentence about the past exactly like (1), but which was true when uttered a few years ago and (...)
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  19. added 2014-11-28
    Alessandro Torza (forthcoming). Necessarily Maybe. Quantifiers, Modality and Vagueness. In , Quantifiers, Quantifiers, and Quantifiers (Synthese Library). Springer.
    Languages involving modalities and languages involving vagueness have each been thoroughly studied. On the other hand, virtually nothing has been said about the interaction of modality and vagueness. This paper aims to start filling that gap. Section 1 is a discussion of various possible sources of vague modality. Section 2 puts forward a model theory for a quantified language with operators for modality and vagueness. The model theory is followed by a discussion of the resulting logic. In Section 3, the (...)
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  20. added 2014-11-28
    Alessandro Torza (forthcoming). Vague Existence. In Dean Zimmerman & Karen Bennett (eds.), Oxford Studies in Metaphysics. Oxford University Press.
    Ted Sider has famously argued that existence, in the unrestricted sense of ontology, cannot be vague, as long as vagueness is modeled by means of precisifications. The first section exposes some controversial assumptions underlying Ted Sider's alleged reductio of vague existence. The upshot will be that, although existence cannot be vague, it can be super-vague, i.e. higher-order vague, for all orders. The second section develops and defends a novel framework, dubbed negative supervaluationary semantics, which makes room for the possibility of (...)
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  21. added 2014-11-28
    Luca Barlassina & Fabio Del Prete (forthcoming). The Puzzle of the Changing Past. Analysis.
    If you utter sentence (1) ‘Obama was born in 1961’ now, you say something true about the past. Since the past will always be such that the year 1961 has the property of being a time in which Obama was born, it seems impossible that (1) could ever be false in a future context of utterance. We shall consider the case of a sentence about the past exactly like (1), but which was true when uttered a few years ago and (...)
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  22. added 2014-11-28
    Philippe Schlenker, Emmanuel Chemla, Kate Arnold, Alban Lemasson, Karim Ouattara, Sumir Keenan, Claudia Stephan, Robin Ryder & Klaus Zuberbühler (2014). Monkey Semantics: Two ‘Dialects’ of Campbell’s Monkey Alarm Calls. Linguistics and Philosophy 37 (6):439-501.
    We develop a formal semantic analysis of the alarm calls used by Campbell’s monkeys in the Tai forest and on Tiwai island —two sites that differ in the main predators that the monkeys are exposed to . Building on data discussed in Ouattara et al. :e7808, 2009a; PNAS 106: 22026–22031, 2009b and Arnold et al. , we argue that on both sites alarm calls include the roots krak and hok, which can optionally be affixed with -oo, a kind of attenuating (...)
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  23. added 2014-11-27
    William Craig (2014). Peter van Inwagen, Substitutional Quantification, and Ontological Commitment. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 55 (4):553-561.
    Peter van Inwagen has long claimed that he doesn’t understand substitutional quantification and that the notion is, in fact, meaningless. Van Inwagen identifies the source of his bewilderment as an inability to understand the proposition expressed by a simple sentence like “ ,” where “$\Sigma$” is the existential quantifier understood substitutionally. I should think that the proposition expressed by this sentence is the same as that expressed by “ .” So what’s the problem? The problem, I suggest, is that van (...)
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  24. added 2014-11-22
    Pedro Karczmarczyk (2007). Estudio crítico: Martin Kusch A Sceptical Guide to Meaning and Rules. Defending Kripke's Wittgenstein, Montreal and Kingston, Ithaca, McGuill-Queen's University Press, 2006. Diálogos. Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad de Puerto Rico 42 (89):157-188.
    El presente trabajo es un estudio del libro de Martin Kusch acerca den las tesis sostenidas en "Wittgenstein on Rules and Private Language" (WRPL) por Saul Kripke examinado a la luz de la controversia desatada por la publicación del mismo en 1982, una de las más intensas que han ocurrido en los últimos 25 años en el seno de la filosofía analítica. En nuestro estudio procedemos en tres etapas. En la primera, presentaremos el desafío del Wittgenstein de Kripke de una (...)
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  25. added 2014-11-18
    Pedro Karczmarczyk (2012). Los argumentos del lenguaje privado. Notas para la reconstrucción de una controversia. Dialogos 92:73-124.
    Intentaremos reconstruir la controversia acerca de la posibilidad de un lenguaje privado. Analizamos primero las posiciones “epistemológicas” (Malcolm y Fogelin), mostrando sus fallos. Luego analizamos la versión “semántica” (Kenny y Tugendhat) encontrándolas igualmente fallidas. La crítica de Barry Stroud a los argumentos trascendentales como argumentos antiescépticos nos permite discernir el presupuesto común que debilita las posiciones anteriores. Asimismo, la reconstrucción permite apreciar mejor la manera en la que la versión de Kripke evita comprometerse con este presupueto. Argumentamos que esta versión (...)
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  26. added 2014-11-18
    Hashi Hisaki & Józef Niżnik (eds.) (2011). What is Truth?: In Philosophy and in Different Scientific Disciplines: Proceedings of the Symposium at the Scientific Centre of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Vienna, 3rd-4th June 2009. [REVIEW] Scientific Centre of the Polish Academy of Sciences.
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  27. added 2014-11-18
    James Cain (1999). Teaching Truth-Functional Conditionals. APA Newsletter on Teaching Philosophy 98 (2):160-162.
  28. added 2014-11-17
    García Negroni & María Marta (eds.) (2011). Los Discursos Del Saber: Prácticas Discursivas y Enunciación Académica. Editoras Del Calderón.
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  29. added 2014-11-16
    Jose L. Zalabardo (forthcoming). Wittgenstein's Nonsense Objection to Russell's Theory of Judgment. In Michael Campbell & Michael O’Sullivan (eds.), Wittgenstein and Perception. Routledge.
    I offer an interpretation of Wittgenstein's claim that Russell's theory of judgment fails to show that it's not possible to judge nonsense.
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  30. added 2014-11-16
    James R. Shaw (2014). What is a Truth-Value Gap? Linguistics and Philosophy 37 (6):503-534.
    Truth-value gaps have received little attention from a foundational perspective, a fact which has rightfully opened up gap theories to charges of vacuousness. This paper develops an account of the foundations of gap-like behavior which has some hope of avoiding such charges. I begin by reviewing and sharpening a powerful argument of Dummett’s to constrain the options that gap theorists have to make sense of their views. I then show that within these strictures, we can give an account of gaps (...)
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  31. added 2014-11-16
    Dietrich Böhler (2013). Verbindlichkeit Aus Dem Diskurs: Denken Und Handeln Nach der Sprachpragmatischen Wende. Alber.
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  32. added 2014-11-16
    Daniela Marzo (2013). Polysemie Als Verfahren Lexikalischer Motivation: Theorie Und Empirie Am Beispiel von Metonymie Und Metapher Im Französischen Und Italienischen. Narr.
    Motivation und Ikonizität : Die Frage nach dem richtigen Wort -- Der Zusammenhang von Polysemie, Ikonizität und lexikalischer Motivation -- Empirische Ermittlung lexikalischer Motivation : Die Frage nach der richtigen Methode -- Der Einfluss konzeptueller Relationen auf intrinsische und extrinsische Motivierbarkeit -- Polysemie und Skalen diagrammatischer Transparenz : Ein formales und semantisches Transparenzmodell -- Zusammenfassung und Schlussbemerkungen.
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  33. added 2014-11-16
    Walther Dieckmann (2012). Wege Und Abwege der Sprachkritik. Hempen Verlag.
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  34. added 2014-11-16
    Pedro Karczmarczyk (2011). La relevancia de Wittgenstein para una teoría materialista del discurso. In Actas de las VIII Jornadas de Investigación en Filosofía. Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias de la Educación.
    En el presente trabajo intentaremos mostrar la relevancia del planteo filosófico wittgensteiniano para la fundamentación y el desarrollo de una teoría materialista del discurso. Tomaremos como punto de partida para examinar esta tesis la propuesta de una teoría materialista del discurso desarrollada por Michel Pêcheux (1938-1983). Pêcheux fue un pensador marxista, discípulo de Louis Althusser, a quien habitualmente se ubica en los orígenes de lo que se conoce como “Escuela francesa de Análisis del discurso”2. En nuestro trabajo nos concentraremos en (...)
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  35. added 2014-11-14
    Alessia Marabini (2014). La concezione epistemica dell'analiticità. Aracne editrice.
    La rinascita negli ultimi decenni di un nutrito dibattito intorno alla nozione di analiticità dopo le critiche a suo tempo mosse da Quine alla batteria di nozioni utilizzate da Rudolf Carnap (ad esempio, postulati di significato, regole semantiche, definizioni implicite, convenzioni e stipulazioni esplicite) prende le mosse da una riflessione critica sulle argomentazioni di Quine e tenta, da un lato, di approfondire meglio il legame fra analiticità e conoscenza a priori, e, dall’altro, di capire meglio il ruolo che la definizione (...)
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  36. added 2014-11-14
    Paul Sailer-Wlasits (2003). Die Rückseite der Sprache: Philosophie der Metapher. Ediition Va Bene.
    Im Unausgesprochenen der Metapher zeigt sich das Wesen des Bezeichnens. Die textuelle Abwesenheit des mit der Metapher Gemeinten, ihr beredtes Schweigen, entspricht dem Verweisen einer Spur, dem Legen einer Fährte. Das Zusammendenken ihre Hermeneutik, ontologischen Einbettung und philosophischen Ästhetik führt den Gedanken zu ihrem polysemen Potenzial. Kap. 1: Genese einer Trope Kap. 2: Tropische Hermeneutik Kap. 3: Metapher der Zeit – Zeit der Metapher Kap. 4: Perspektiven und Meridiane: Zur Ästhetik der Metapher.
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  37. added 2014-11-13
    Giorgio Volpe (forthcoming). Truth and Justification: A Difference That Makes a Difference. Philosophia:1-16.
    Apparently, aiming to comply with the norm ‘Believe that P if and only if the proposition that P is true’ can hardly differ from aiming to comply with the norm ‘Believe that P if and only if the proposition that P is epistemically justified’. So one may be tempted to agree with Richard Rorty that the distinction between truth and justification is pragmatically useless because it cannot make any difference ‘when the question is about what I should believe now’. I (...)
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  38. added 2014-11-13
    Stephen Barker (forthcoming). Expressivism About Reference and Quantification Over the Non-Existent Without Meinongian Metaphysics. Erkenntnis 79:1-20.
    Can we believe that there are non-existent entities without commitment to the Meinongian metaphysics? This paper argues we can. What leads us from quantification over non-existent beings to Meinongianism is a general metaphysical assumption about reality at large, and not merely quantification over the non-existent. Broadly speaking, the assumption is that every being we talk about must have a real definition. It’s this assumption that drives us to enquire into the nature of beings like Pegasus, and what our relationship as (...)
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  39. added 2014-11-13
    Stephen Barker (2014). Pure Versus Hybrid Expressivism and the Enigma of Conventional Implicature. In Guy Fletcher & Mike Ridge (eds.), Having it Both Ways: Hybrid Theories and Modern
Metaethics. Oxford.
    Can hybridism about moral claims be made to work? I argue it can if we accept the conventional implicature approach developed in Barker (Analysis 2000). However, this kind of hybrid expressivism is only acceptable if we can make sense of conventional implicature, the kind of meaning carried by operators like ‘even’, ‘but’, etc. Conventional implictures are a form of pragmatic presupposition, which involves an unsaid mode of delivery of content. I argue that we can make sense of conventional implicatures, but (...)
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  40. added 2014-11-13
    Eric Swanson (2014). Ordering Supervaluationism, Counterpart Theory, and Ersatz Fundamentality. Journal of Philosophy 111 (6):289-310.
    Many philosophical theories make comparisons between objects, events, states of affairs, worlds, or systems, and many such theories deliver plausible verdicts only if some of the elements they compare are ranked as ‘best.’ When the relevant ordering does not have such ‘best’ or ‘tied for best’ elements the theory wrongly falls silent or gives badly counterintuitive results. This paper develops ordering supervaluationism---a very general technique that allows any such theory to handle these problematic cases. Just as ordinary supervaluation helps us (...)
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  41. added 2014-11-12
    Stephen Barker & Mihaela Popa-Wyatt (forthcoming). Irony and the Dogma of Force and Sense. Analysis 75:anu104.
    Frege’s distinction between force and sense is a central pillar of modern thinking about meaning. This is the idea that a self-standing utterance of a sentence S can be divided into two components. One is the proposition P that S’s linguistic meaning and context associates with it. The other is S’s illocutionary force. The force/sense distinction is associated with another thesis, the embedding principle, that implies that the only content that embeds in compound sentences is propositional content. We argue that (...)
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  42. added 2014-11-12
    Jonas Åkerman (forthcoming). Infelicitous Cancellation: The Explicit Cancellability Test for Conversational Implicature Revisited. Australasian Journal of Philosophy:1-10.
    This paper questions the adequacy of the explicit cancellability test for conversational implicature as it is commonly understood. The standard way of understanding this test relies on two assumptions: First, that one can test whether a certain content is (merely) conversationally implicated by checking whether that content is cancellable, and second, that a cancellation is successful only if it results in a felicitous utterance. While I accept the first of these assumptions, I reject the second one. I argue that a (...)
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  43. added 2014-11-12
    Nicholas Laskowski (2014). How to Pull a Metaphysical Rabbit Out of an End-Relational Semantic Hat. Res Philosophica 91 (4):589-607.
    Analytic reductivism in metaethics has long been out of philosophical vogue. In Confusion of Tongues: A Theory of Normativity (2014), Stephen Finlay tries to resuscitate it by developing an analytic metaethical reductive naturalistic semantics for ‘good.’ He argues that an end-relational semantics is the simplest account that can explain all of the data concerning the term, and hence the most plausible theory of it. I argue that there are several assumptions that a reductive naturalist would need to make about contextual (...)
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  44. added 2014-11-11
    Salvatore Florio & Øystein Linnebo (forthcoming). On the Innocence and Determinacy of Plural Quantification. Noûs.
    Plural logic is widely assumed to have two important virtues: ontological innocence and determinacy. It is claimed to be innocent in the sense that it incurs no ontological commitments beyond those already incurred by the first-order quantifiers. It is claimed to be determinate in the sense that it is immune to the threat of non-standard (Henkin) interpretations that confronts higher-order logics on their more traditional, set-based semantics. We challenge both claims. Our challenge is based on a Henkin-style semantics for plural (...)
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  45. added 2014-11-10
    Carrie Figdor (forthcoming). On the Proper Domain of Psychological Predicates. Synthese.
    One question of the bounds of cognition is that of which things have it. A scientifically relevant debate on this question must explain the persistent and selective use of psychological predicates to report findings throughout biology: for example, that neurons prefer, fruit flies and plants decide, and bacteria communicate linguistically. This paper argues that these claims should enjoy default literal interpretation. An epistemic consequence is that these findings can contribute directly to understanding the nature of psychological capacities.
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  46. added 2014-11-09
    Pedro Karczmarczyk (2013). Wittgenstein, Winch, Kripkenstein y la posibilidad de la crítica. Cuadernos de Filosofía 30:07-37.
    The present paper deals with the consequences Kripke’s interpretation of Wittgenstein’s private language argument has for political and social thought. We will show this is particularly important because it challenges the framework where ordinarily is located the discussion of the political and social relevance of Wittgenstein’s thought. Classical discussion has been concerned mainly with the role of communitary agreement, its relativistic or conservative consequences, the room for criticism and disagreement that it leaves, etc. We discern in classical reading a commitment (...)
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  47. added 2014-11-09
    Pedro Karczmarczyk (2013). Discurso y Subjetividad: Michel Pêcheux Hacia Una Teoría de Las Garantías Ideológicas. Décalages. An Althusser Studies Journal 1 (3):1-25.
    En su célebre artículo sobre la ideología y los aparatos ideológicos de estado, Althusser indicaba que las evidencias por las cuales una palabra “designa una cosa” o “posee una significación” se ubicaban, junto con la evidencia de ser sujetos, al nivel de los efectos ideológicos fundamentales. Por otra parte, Althusser destacaba la carencia de una teoría de la garantía ideológica. Con la primera observación, Althusser se limitaba a señalar un paralelo, sin establecer una conexión. Con la segunda, llegaba a fijar (...)
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  48. added 2014-11-09
    Geert Keil (2010). Naturalismuskritik und Metaphorologie. In Michael Bölker Mathias Gutmann & Wolfgang Hesse (eds.), Information und Menschenbild. 155-171.
    In natürlicher Sprache formulierte Theorien über welchen Gegenstandsbereich auch immer zeichnen sich wesentlich durch ihre zentralen Begriffe aus. In der Begrifflichkeit einer Theorie spiegeln sich ihre Klassifikationen und gegebenenfalls die angenommenen natürlichen Arten wider. Da von den natürlichen Arten unter anderem abhängt, welche induktiven Schlüsse möglich sind, kann man ohne Übertreibung sagen, dass die zentralen Begriffe einer Theorie einen Teil ihrer Erklärungslast tragen. Eine naturalistische Theorie beansprucht, die von ihr behandelten Phänomene als Teile der natürlichen Welt verständlich zu machen, und (...)
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  49. added 2014-11-08
    Joongol Kim (2014). The Sortal Resemblance Problem. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 44 (3-4):407-424.
    Is it possible to characterize the sortal essence of Fs for a sortal concept F solely in terms of a criterion of identity C for F? That is, can the question ‘What sort of thing are Fs?’ be answered by saying that Fs are essentially those things whose identity can be assessed in terms of C? This paper presents a case study supporting a negative answer to these questions by critically examining the neo-Fregean suggestion that cardinal numbers can be fully (...)
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  50. added 2014-11-08
    Susanne Bobzien (2014). Higher-Order Vagueness and Numbers of Distinct Modalities. Disputatio (39):131-137.
    This paper shows that the following common assumption is false: that in modal-logical representations of higher-order vagueness, for there to be borderline cases to borderline cases ad infinitum, the number of possible distinct modalities in a modal system must be infinite. (Open access journal).
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