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Philosophy of Language

Edited by Berit Brogaard (University of Missouri, St. Louis)
Assistant editor: Jiangtian Li (University of Western Ontario)
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  1. added 2016-02-06
    Tony Cheng (2016). Compositionality and Believing That. Linguistic and Philosophical Investigations 15:60-76.
    This paper is about compositionality, belief reports, and related issues. I begin by introducing Putnam’s proposal for understanding compositionality, namely that the sense of a sentence is a function of the sense of its parts and of its logical structure (section 1). Both Church and Sellars think that Putnam’s move is superfluous or unnecessary since there is no relevant puzzle to begin with (section 2). I will urge that Putnam is right in thinking that there is indeed a puzzle with (...)
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  2. added 2016-02-05
    Jeremy Wyatt (forthcoming). The Many (yet Few) Faces of Deflationism. Philosophical Quarterly:pqv085.
    It's often said that according to deflationary theories of truth, truth is not a ‘substantial’ property. While this is a fine slogan, it is far from transparent what deflationists mean (or ought to mean) in saying that truth is ‘insubstantial’. Focusing so intently upon the concept of truth and the word ‘true’, I argue, deflationists and their critics have been insufficiently attentive to a host of metaphysical complexities that arise for deflationists in connection with the property of truth. My aim (...)
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  3. added 2016-02-05
    Marcelo Carvalho, Celso Braida, João Carlos Salles & Marcelo E. Coniglio (2015). Filosofia da Linguagem e da Lógica (Philosophy of Language and Philosophy of Logic, in Portuguese). ANPOF.
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  4. added 2016-02-05
    Claudine Verheggen (2013). Triangulation. In Ernie Lepore & Kirk Ludwig (eds.), A Companion to Donald Davidson. Wiley-Blackwell 456-471.
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  5. added 2016-02-05
    Claudine Verheggen (2011). Triangulation and Philosophical Skepticism. In Maria Cristina Amoretti & Gerhard Preyer (eds.), Triangulation: From an Epistemological Point of View. De Gruyter
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  6. added 2016-02-05
    John Corcoran (1971). Discourse Grammars and the Structure of Mathematical Reasoning III: Two Theories of Proof,. Journal of Structural Learning 3 (3):1-24.
    ABSTRACT This part of the series has a dual purpose. In the first place we will discuss two kinds of theories of proof. The first kind will be called a theory of linear proof. The second has been called a theory of suppositional proof. The term "natural deduction" has often and correctly been used to refer to the second kind of theory, but I shall not do so here because many of the theories so-called are not of the second kind--they (...)
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  7. added 2016-02-04
    Todor Koev (forthcoming). Evidentiality, Learning Events and Spatiotemporal Distance: The View From Bulgarian. Journal of Semantics:ffv014.
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  8. added 2016-02-04
    Alexandra Simonenko (forthcoming). Semantics of DP Islands: The Case of Questions. Journal of Semantics:ffv011.
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  9. added 2016-02-04
    Marie-Christine Meyer (forthcoming). Generalized Free Choice and Missing Alternatives. Journal of Semantics:ffv010.
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  10. added 2016-02-04
    Francois-Igor Pris (2016). Wittgenstein's Rule-Following Problem: John McDowell Versus Robert Brandom. Философская Мысль (1):42-53.
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  11. added 2016-02-04
    Adrian Brasoveanu (2008). Donkey Pluralities: Plural Information States Versus Non-Atomic Individuals. Linguistics and Philosophy 31 (2):129-209.
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  12. added 2016-02-04
    E. McCready (2006). Created Objects, Coherence and Anaphora. Journal of Semantics 23 (3):251-279.
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  13. added 2016-02-04
    J. van der Does (1998). Type-Shifting and Scrambled Definites. Journal of Semantics 15 (4):389-412.
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  14. added 2016-02-04
    Henk Zeevat & Rob van der Sandt (1992). Editorial Introduction. Journal of Semantics 9 (3):179-181.
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  15. added 2016-02-04
    Manfred Bierwisch (1988). Tools and Explanations of Comparison - Part 1. Journal of Semantics 6 (1):57-93.
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  16. added 2016-02-02
    Vincenzo Moscati, Jacopo Romoli, Tommaso Federico Demarie & Stephen Crain (forthcoming). Born in the USA: A Comparison of Modals and Nominal Quantifiers in Child Language. Natural Language Semantics:1-37.
    One of the challenges confronted by language learners is to master the interpretation of sentences with multiple logical operators, where different interpretations depend on different scope assignments. Five-year-old children have been found to access some readings of potentially ambiguous sentences much less than adults do :73–102, 2006; Musolino, Universal Grammar and the acquisition of semantic knowledge, 1998; Musolino and Lidz, Lang Acquis 11:277–291, 2003, among many others). Recently, Gualmini et al. have shown that, by careful contextual manipulation, it is possible (...)
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  17. added 2016-02-02
    Jessica Wilson (forthcoming). Are There Indeterminate States of Affairs? Yes. In Elizabeth Barnes (ed.), Current Controversies in Metaphysics. Taylor and Francis
    Here I compare two accounts of metaphysical indeterminacy (MI): first, the 'meta-level' approach described by Elizabeth Barnes and Ross Cameron in the companion to this paper, on which every state of affairs (SOA) is itself precise/determinate, and MI is a matter of its being indeterminate which determinate SOA obtains; second, my preferred 'object-level' determinable-based approach, on which MI is a matter of its being determinate---or just plain true---that an indeterminate SOA obtains, where an indeterminate SOA is one whose constitutive object (...)
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  18. added 2016-02-01
    Dilip Ninan (2016). What is the Problem of De Se Attitudes? In Stephan Torre & Manuel Garcia-Carpintero (eds.), About Oneself: De Se Thought and Communication. Oxford University Press
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  19. added 2016-02-01
    Erica Cosentino & Francesco Ferretti (2015). Cognitive Foundations of the Narrative Self. Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia E Psicologia 6 (2):311-324.
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  20. added 2016-02-01
    Peter J. Graham (2015). Epistemic Normativity and Social Norms. In David Henderson & John Greco (eds.), Epistemic Evaluation: Purposeful Epistemology. Oxford University Press 247-273.
  21. added 2016-02-01
    Peter J. Graham (2015). Testimony as Speech Act, Testimony as Source. In Chienkuo Mi, Ernest Sosa & Michael Slote (eds.), Moral and Intellectual Virtues in Western and Chinese Philosophy: The Turn toward Virtue. Routledge 121-144.
  22. added 2016-02-01
    Erica Cosentino, Markus Werning & Kevin Reuter (2015). Reading Words Hurts: The Impact of Pain Sensitivity on People’s Ratings of Pain-Related Words. In Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society.
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  23. added 2016-02-01
    Erica Cosentino, Giosue Baggio, Theresa Garwels, & Markus Werning (2014). Lexicon in Action: N400 Effect on Affordances and Telicity. In P. Bello (ed.), Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society 2079-84.
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  24. added 2016-02-01
    Erica Cosentino, Ines Adornetti & Francesco Ferretti (2013). Processing Narrative Coherence: Towards a Top-Down Model of Discourse. Open Access Series in Informatics (OASICS) 32:61-75.
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  25. added 2016-01-30
    Mohan Matthen (forthcoming). Effort and Displeasure in People Who Are Hard of Hearing. Ear and Hearing.
    Listening effort helps explain why people who are hard of hearing are prone to fatigue and social withdrawal. However, a one-factor model that cites only effort due to hardness of hearing is insufficient as there are many who lead happy lives despite their disability. This paper explores other contributory factors, in particular motivational arousal and pleasure. The theory of rational motivational arousal predicts that some people forego listening comprehension because they believe it to be impossible and hence worth no effort (...)
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  26. added 2016-01-30
    Justin Khoo (2016). Conditionals and Questions. Linguistics and Philosophy 39 (1):51-55.
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  27. added 2016-01-29
    Jennifer Saul, Dogwhistles, Political Manipulation, and Philosophy of Language.
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  28. added 2016-01-29
    Jennifer Saul, Are Generics Especially Pernicious?
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  29. added 2016-01-29
    Jan Heylen (2016). Russell's Revenge: A Problem for Bivalent Fregean Theories of Descriptions. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 96 (4).
    Fregean theories of descriptions as terms have to deal with improper descriptions. To save bivalence various proposals have been made that involve assigning referents to improper descriptions. While bivalence is indeed saved, there is a price to be paid. Instantiations of the same general scheme, viz. the one and only individual that is F and G is G, are not only allowed but even required to have different truth values.
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  30. added 2016-01-28
    Berit Brogaard (forthcoming). What Can Neuroscience Tell Us About Reference? In Barbara Abbott & Jeanette Gundel (eds.), Handbook on Reference. Oxford University Press
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  31. added 2016-01-28
    Geoffrey Nunberg (forthcoming). The Social Life of Slurs. In Daniel Fogal, Daniel Harris & Matt Moss (eds.), New Work on Speech Acts. Oxford University Press
    The words we call slurs are just plain vanilla descriptions like ‘cowboy’ and ‘coat hanger’. They don't semantically convey any disparagement of their referents, whether as content, conventional implicature, presupposition, “coloring” or mode of presentation. What distinguishes 'kraut' and 'German' is metadata rather than meaning: the former is the conventional description for Germans among Germanophobes when they are speaking in that capacity, in the same way 'mad' is the conventional expression that some teenagers use as an intensifier when they’re emphasizing (...)
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  32. added 2016-01-28
    Bryan Frances (forthcoming). Ontology, Composition, Quantification, and Action. Analysis.
    The literature on material composition has largely ignored the composition of actions and events. I argue that this is a mistake. I present a set of individually plausible yet jointly inconsistent claims regarding the connection between quantification and existence, the composition of physical entities, and the logical forms of action sentences.
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  33. added 2016-01-28
    Theodore Korzukhin (2016). Probabilities of Conditionals in Context. Linguistics and Philosophy 39 (1):45-49.
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  34. added 2016-01-28
    Fritz J. McDonald (2012). Minimalism and Expressivism. Ethics in Progress 3:9-30.
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  35. added 2016-01-28
    Fritz J. McDonald (2009). Does Moral Discourse Require Robust Truth? Logos Architekton 3.
    It has been argued by several philosophers that a deflationary conception of truth, unlike more robust conceptions of truth, cannot properly account for the nature of moral discourse. This is due to what I will call the “quick route problem”: There is a quick route from any deflationary theory of truth and certain obvious features of moral practice to the attribution of truth to moral utterances. The standard responses to the quick route problem are either to urge accepting a conception (...)
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  36. added 2016-01-27
    Stephen Barker (forthcoming). Figurative Speech: Pointing a Poisoned Arrow at the Heart of Semantics. Philosophical Studies:1-18.
    I argue that figurative speech, and irony in particular, presents a deep challenge to the orthodox view about sentence content. The standard view is that sentence contents are, at their core, propositional contents: truth-conditional contents. Moreover, the only component of a sentence’s content that embeds in compound sentences, like belief reports or conditionals, is the propositional content. I argue that a careful analysis of irony shows this view cannot be maintained. Irony is a purely pragmatic form of content (...)
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  37. added 2016-01-27
    Mihaela Popa-Wyatt (forthcoming). Compound Figures: Priority and Speech-Act Structure. Philosophical Studies:1-21.
    Compound figures are a rich, and under-explored area for tackling fundamental issues in philosophy of language. This paper explores new ideas about how to explain some features of such figures. We start with an observation from Stern that in ironic-metaphor, metaphor is logically prior to irony in the structure of what is communicated. Call this thesis Logical-MPT. We argue that a speech-act-based explanation of Logical-MPT is to be preferred to a content-based explanation. To create this explanation we draw on (...)
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  38. added 2016-01-27
    Gregor Kroupa (2015). The Poets and the Philosophers: Genius and Analogy in Descartes and the Encyclopédie (Following Aristotle). L'Esprit Créateur 55 (2):34-47.
    The article tackles the relationship between genius and analogy in Descartes’s early writings and the programmatic writings of the Encyclopédie. For Descartes, ingenious analogies between phenomena that are not obviously related belong more properly to poetic truth discourse, whereas philosophy must be content with the more easily observable and methodical mechanistic comparisons. In the encyclopedic ordering of Diderot and d’Alembert, on the other hand, ingenious analogies are not specific to any particular field of knowledge, since genius consists precisely in connecting (...)
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  39. added 2016-01-27
    Dirk Kindermann (2015). Wahrheitsrelativismus. In Nikola Kompa (ed.), Handbuch Sprachphilosophie. Metzler 106-13.
    The paper gives a short introduction to and overview of truth relativism in recent philosophy of language.
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  40. added 2016-01-27
    Gregor Kroupa (2013). Jezik in javno: reorganizacija trivija v Lockovem Eseju in v Portroyalski logiki. Filozofski Vestnik 34 (3):57-74.
    "Language and its Public Features: Reorganizing the Trivium in Locke's Essay and Port-Royal Logic" The new theory of language in the 17th century coincides with the end the traditional order of disciplines in the trivium (grammar, logic and rhetoric), which in the mediaeval times provided a comprehensive view of the problems of discourse. The article focuses on some key passages in Port-Royal Logic and Locke's Essay that provide us with a typical early modern scheme of linguistic representation, characterised by heavily (...)
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  41. added 2016-01-26
    Andrea Iacona (forthcoming). Two Notions of Logical Form. Journal of Philosophy.
    This paper claims that there is no such thing as the correct answer to the question of what is logical form: two significantly different notions of logical form are needed to fulfil two major theoretical roles that pertain respectively to logic and semantics. The first part of the paper outlines the thesis that a unique notion of logical form fulfils both roles, and argues that the alleged best candidate for making it true is unsuited for one of (...)
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  42. added 2016-01-26
    Dirk Kindermann (2016). Varieties of Centering and De Se Communication. In Manuel García-Carpintero & Stephan Torre (eds.), About Oneself. De Se Thought and Communication. Oxford University Press 307–40.
    There has recently been a wave of attempts to make sense of the role of de se thoughts in linguistic communication. A majority of the attempts assume a Perryan or a Lewisian view of de se thought. Views with these assumptions, I suggest, come in four varieties: uncentering (Egan 2007, Kölbel 2013, Moss 2012), recentering (Heim 2004, Weber 2012), multicentering (Kindermann 2014, Ninan 2010, Torre 2009), and no centering (Kaplan 1989, Perry 1979). I argue first that all four varieties of (...)
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  43. added 2016-01-26
    Dirk Kindermann (2015). Wahrheit. In Nikola Kompa (ed.), Handbuch Sprachphilosophie. Metzler 91-99.
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  44. added 2016-01-26
    Isidora Stojanovic (2015). Speaking About Oneself. In Stephan Torre & Manuel Garcia-Carpintero (eds.), About Oneself: De Se Thought and Communication. Oxford University Press 200-219.
    It has long been known (cf. Frege 1918, Castañeda 1968, Anscombe 1975 , Perry 1977, 1979, Lewis 1981) that de se attitudes, that is beliefs, desires, hopes etc. that one has about oneself as oneself,1 are interestingly different fromthe attitudes that one holds in a third-personal mode about some individual, who might or might not turn out to be them. Frege suggested that Dr. Lauben’s belief that he has been wounded is a belief that only Dr. Lauben himself can entertain. (...)
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  45. added 2016-01-26
    Henning Christiansen, Isidora Stojanovic & George A. Papadopoulos (eds.) (2015). Modeling and Using Context. 9th International and Interdisciplinary Conference, Context 2015. Springer.
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  46. added 2016-01-26
    George Bealer (1996). Intensional Logic. In D. M. Borchert (ed.), Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Supplement. Macmillan 262-264.
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  47. added 2016-01-25
    Christopher M. P. Tomaszewski (forthcoming). The Principle of Sufficient Reason Defended: There Is No Conjunction of All Contingently True Propositions. Philosophia:1-8.
    Toward the end of his classic treatise An Essay on Free Will, Peter van Inwagen offers a modal argument against the Principle of Sufficient Reason which he argues shows that the principle “collapses all modal distinctions.” In this paper, a critical flaw in this argument is shown to lie in van Inwagen’s beginning assumption that there is such a thing as the conjunction of all contingently true propositions. This is shown to follow from Cantor’s theorem and a property of (...)
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  48. added 2016-01-24
    Thomas Hodgson (2014). Jeffrey C. King, Scott Soames, Jeff Speaks, New Thinking About Propositions. [REVIEW] Polish Journal of Philosophy 8 (2):80-83.
  49. added 2016-01-24
    Rossano Pancaldi (2002). L'insegnamento universale di Lejzer Zamenhof. DELTA (3-4):93-113.
  50. added 2016-01-24
    John Corcoran (1999). Critical thinking and pedagogical license. Manuscrito XXII, 109–116. Persian translation by Hassan Masoud. Manuscrito: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 22 (2):109-116.
    CRITICAL THINKING AND PEDAGOGICAL LICENSE https://www.academia.edu/9273154/CRITICAL_THINKING_AND_PEDAGOGICAL_LICENSE JOHN CORCORAN.1999. Critical thinking and pedagogical license. Manuscrito XXII, 109–116. Persian translation by Hassan Masoud. Please post your suggestions for corrections and alternative translations. -/- Critical thinking involves deliberate application of tests and standards to beliefs per se and to methods used to arrive at beliefs. Pedagogical license is authorization accorded to teachers permitting them to use otherwise illicit means in order to achieve pedagogical goals. Pedagogical license is thus analogous to poetic license (...)
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