Bookmark and Share

Philosophy of Language

Edited by Berit Brogaard (University of Missouri, St. Louis)
Most recently added entries found
Search inside:
(import / add options)   Sort by:
1 — 50 / 204
  1. added 2015-05-25
    Robert Briscoe (forthcoming). Color Categorization. In Derek Brown & Fiona Macpherson (eds.), Routledge Handbook on the Philosophy of Colour. Routledge.
  2. added 2015-05-19
    Arvid Båve, Conceptual Role Semantics. Oxford Bibliographies Online.
    Contents: 1. Introduction , 2. Overviews , 3.History and major works, 3.1 Gerhard Gentzen and proof-theory, 3.2 Wilfrid Sellars, 3.3 Gilbert Harman, 3.4 Christopher Peacocke, 3.5 Robert Brandom , 3.6 Paul Horwich, 3.7 Major works by other authors, 4. Mental content first vs. linguistic meaning first, 4.1 Content-first views, 4.2 Meaning-first views, 5. Wide vs. narrow CRS, 5.1 Overviews and major works about externalism/internalism, 5.2 Discussions about externalism within CRS, 6. Descriptive vs. normative CRS, 6.1 Overviews and major works about (...)
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. added 2015-05-19
    Viatcheslav Vetrov (2015). Instrument Metapher: Das Guanzhuibian Im Licht der Manuskriptforschung (English Summary). LIT.
  4. added 2015-05-19
    Marco Mazzone (2015). Constructing the Context Through Goals and Schemata: Top-Down Processes in Comprehension and Beyond. Frontiers in Psychology 1 (13).
    My main purpose here is to provide an account of context selection in utterance understanding in terms of the role played by schemata and goals in top-down processing. The general idea is that information is organized hierarchically, with items iteratively organized in chunks—here called “schemata”—at multiple levels, so that the activation of any items spreads to schemata that are the most accessible due to previous experience. The activation of a schema, in turn, activates its other components, so as to predict (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. added 2015-05-19
    Jonathan Ochs (2013). The Natural Definition of Reality. Aporia 23 (2):13-23.
    The problem with ontological commitment is that when we symbolize the statements that we make about what 'exists' or what is 'real', they do not always translate to exactly that which we intend to express. In this essay, I explore the relation between 'Reality' and how we describe reality. I evaluate the accounts of three prominent philosophers on the topic, address their shortcomings, and introduce my own account; which I call "The Natural Definition of Reality".
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. added 2015-05-19
    Naomi Osorio-Kupferblum (2013). Hearing It Rain - Millikan on Language Learning. Beiträge der Österreichischen Ludwig Wittgenstein Gesellschaft 20.
    In her ‘Spracherwerb’(2012) Ruth Millikan gives a compelling account of language acquisition based on our ability to track objects. I argue that, and how, it is undermined by her insistence on equating understanding language utterances and sense perception, point to idealist hazards, and plead against propositionality and for imagism in order to safeguard the account’s important potential for giving a comprehensive explication of meaning.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. added 2015-05-19
    Viatcheslav Vetrov (2012). Zur Dekonstruktion des Un/Gesunden in philologischen Taxonomien: westlich-chinesischer Renaissance-Diskurs. Oriens Extremus 51:231-268.
  8. added 2015-05-18
    Maciej Witek (2015). Mechanisms of Illocutionary Games. Language and Communication 42:11-22.
    The paper develops a score-keeping model of illocutionary games and uses it to account for mechanisms responsible for creating institutional facts construed as rights and commitments of participants in a dialogue. After introducing the idea of Austinian games—understood as abstract entities representing different levels of the functioning of discourse—the paper defines the main categories of the proposed model: interactional negotiation, illocutionary score, appropriateness rules and kinematics rules. Finally, it discusses the phenomenon of accommodation as it occurs in illocutionary games and (...)
    Remove from this list |
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. added 2015-05-17
    Simone Aurora (2012). Deleuze, Guattari e le macchine semiotiche. Janus. Quaderni Del Circolo Glossematico 10:141-157.
  10. added 2015-05-16
    Jeff Kochan (2015). Objective Styles in Northern Field Science. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 52:1-12.
    Social studies of science have often treated natural field sites as extensions of the laboratory. But this overlooks the unique specificities of field sites. While lab sites are usually private spaces with carefully controlled borders, field sites are more typically public spaces with fluid boundaries and diverse inhabitants. Field scientists must therefore often adapt their work to the demands and interests of local agents. I propose to address the difference between lab and field in sociological terms, as a difference in (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. added 2015-05-15
    Nat Hansen, Experimental Philosophy of Language. Oxford Handbooks Online.
    Experimental philosophy of language uses experimental methods developed in the cognitive sciences to investigate topics of interest to philosophers of language. This article describes the methodological background for the development of experimental approaches to topics in philosophy of language, distinguishes negative and positive projects in experimental philosophy of language, and evaluates experimental work on the reference of proper names and natural kind terms. The reliability of expert judgments vs. the judgments of ordinary speakers, the role that ambiguity plays in influencing (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. added 2015-05-15
    David Mark Kovacs (forthcoming). Self-Made People. Mind.
    The Problem of Overlappers is a puzzle about what makes it the case, and how we can know, that we have the parts we intuitively think we have. In this paper, I develop and motivate an overlooked solution to this puzzle. According to what I call the self-making view it is within certain constraints in our power to decide what we refer to with the personal pronoun ‘I’, so the truth of most of our beliefs about our parts is ensured (...)
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. added 2015-05-15
    Justin Khoo (2015). Modal Disagreements. Inquiry (5):1-24.
    It is often assumed that when one party felicitously rejects an assertion made by an- other party, the first party thinks that the proposition asserted by the second is false. This assumption underlies various disagreement arguments used to challenge contex- tualism about some class of expressions. As such, many contextualists have resisted these arguments on the grounds that the disagreements in question may not be over the proposition literally asserted. The result appears to be a dialectical stalemate, with no independent (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. added 2015-05-14
    Neil Mehta (forthcoming). Knowledge and Other Norms for Assertion, Action, and Belief. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research.
    Here I advance a unified account of the structure of the epistemic normativity of assertion, action, and belief. According to my Teleological Account, all of these are epistemically successful just in case they fulfill the primary aim of knowledgeability, an aim which in turn generates a host of secondary epistemic norms. The central features of the Teleological Account are these: it is compact in its reliance on a single central explanatory posit, knowledge-centered in its insistence that knowledge sets the fundamental (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. added 2015-05-13
    Manuel Križ & Emmanuel Chemla (forthcoming). Two Methods to Find Truth-Value Gaps and Their Application to the Projection Problem of Homogeneity. Natural Language Semantics:1-44.
    Presupposition, vagueness, and oddness can lead to some sentences failing to have a clear truth value. The homogeneity property of plural predication with definite descriptions may also create truth-value gaps: The books are written in Dutch is true if all relevant books are in Dutch, false if none of them are, and neither true nor false if, say, half of the books are written in Dutch. We study the projection property of homogeneity by deploying methods of general interest to identify (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. added 2015-05-12
    Takashi Iida (2015). Indirect Passives and Relational Nouns (III). Keio Gijuku Daigaku Gengo Bunka Kenkyu-Sho Kiyou 46:71-110.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. added 2015-05-12
    Pierre Baumann (2014). Truth and Meaning in the Port-Royal Logic. Dialogos 96:127-140.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. added 2015-05-12
    Takashi Iida (2013). Indirect Passives and Relational Nouns (II). Keio Gijuku Daigaku Gengo Bunka Kenkyu-Sho Kiyou 44:21-42.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. added 2015-05-12
    Takashi Iida (2012). Indirect Passives and Relational Nouns (I). Keio Gijuku Daigaku Gengo Bunka Kenkyu-Sho Kiyou 43:19-42.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. added 2015-05-12
    Takashi Iida (2011). Japanese Passives and Quantification in Predicate Position. Philosophia Osaka 6:15-40.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. added 2015-05-12
    Takashi Iida (2009). How Are Language Changes Possible? In M. Okada (ed.), Ontology and Phenomenology: Franco-Japanese Collaborative Lectures. Keio University. 75-96.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. added 2015-05-12
    Takashi Iida (2007). Towards a Semantics of Japanese Existential Sentences. In M. Okada (ed.), Essays in the Foundations of Logical and Phenomenological Studies (Interdisciplinary Series on Reasoning Studies, Vol. 3). Keio University. 67-96.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. added 2015-05-12
    Taskashi Iida (2003). Frege and the Idea of Formal Language. Annals of the Japan Association for Philosophy of Science 12 (1):15-23.
  24. added 2015-05-11
    Nat Hansen (forthcoming). A New Argument From Interpersonal Variation to Subjectivism About Color: A Response to Gómez-Torrente. Noûs.
    I describe a new, comparative, version of the argument from interpersonal variation to subjectivism about color. The comparative version undermines a recent objectivist response to standard versions of that argument (Gómez-Torrente 2014).
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. added 2015-05-11
    Adam Kolber (2014). Smooth and Bumpy Laws. California Law Review 102:655-690.
    Modest differences in conduct can lead to wildly different legal outcomes. A person deemed slightly negligent when harming another may owe millions of dollars. Had the person been just a bit more cautious, he would owe nothing. Similarly, when self-defense is deemed slightly negligent, a person may spend several years in prison. Had the person been just a bit more cautious, he would have no criminal liability at all. Though the law must draw difficult lines, the lines need not have (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. added 2015-05-09
    Michalle Gal (2015). Aestheticism: Deep Formalism and the Emergence of Modernist Aesthetics. Peter Lang AG.
    This book offers, for the first time in aesthetics, a comprehensive account of aestheticism of the 19<SUP>th</SUP> century as a philosophical theory of its own right. Taking philosophical and art-historical viewpoints, this cross-disciplinary book presents aestheticism as the foundational movement of modernist aesthetics of the 20<SUP>th</SUP> century. Emerging in the writings of the foremost aestheticists - Oscar Wilde, Walter Pater, James Whistler, and their formalist successors such as Clive Bell, Roger Fry, and Clement Greenberg - aestheticism offers a uniquely synthetic (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. added 2015-05-08
    Richard Montague (1970). English as a Formal Language. In B. Visentini (ed.), Linguaggi Nella Societ\'{a} e Nella Tecnica. Edizioni di Communita. 188-221.
    I reject the contention that an important theoretical difference exists between formal and natural languages.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. added 2015-05-06
    J. Adam Carter (forthcoming). Assertion, Uniqueness and Epistemic Hypocrisy. Synthese.
    Pascal Engel (2008) has insisted that a number of notable strategies for rejecting the knowledge norm of assertion are put forward on the basis of the wrong kinds of reasons. A central aim of this paper will be to establish the contrast point: I argue that one very familiar strategy for defending the knowledge norm of assertion—viz., that it is claimed to do better in various respects than its competitors (e.g. the justification and the truth norms)— relies on a presupposition (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. added 2015-05-06
    Ivan Milić (forthcoming). A Note on Existentially Known Assertions. Philosophical Quarterly.
    An assertion is existentially known if and only if: (i) the speaker knows that the sentence she uses to make the assertion expresses a true proposition; (ii) she makes the assertion based on that knowledge; and (iii) she does not believe, have justification for, or know the proposition asserted. Accordingly, if existentially known assertions could be made correctly—as argued by Charlie Pelling in his ‘Assertion and the Provision of Knowledge’—this would show that the norm of assertion cannot be the speaker's (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. added 2015-05-04
    Seumas Miller (forthcoming). Assertions, Joint Epistemic Actions and Social Practices. Synthese:1-24.
    In this paper I provide a theory of the speech act of assertion according to which assertion is a species of joint action. In doing so I rely on a theory of joint action developed in more detail elsewhere. Here we need to distinguish between the genus, joint action, and an important species of joint action, namely, what I call joint epistemic action. In the case of the latter, but not necessarily the former, participating agents have epistemic goals, e.g., the (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. added 2015-05-03
    Arvid Båve (2015). A Deflationist Error Theory of Properties. Dialectica 69 (1):23-59.
    I here defend a theory consisting of four claims about ‘property’ and properties, and argue that they form a coherent whole that can solve various serious problems. The claims are (1): ‘property’ is defined by the principles (PR): ‘F-ness/Being F/etc. is a property of x iff F’ and (PA): ‘F-ness/Being F/etc. is a property’; (2) the function of ‘property’ is to increase the expressive power of English, roughly by mimicking quantification into predicate position; (3) property talk should be understood at (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. added 2015-05-02
    Delia Graff Fara (forthcoming). A Problem for Predicativism Solved by Predicativism. Analysis.
    Consider the following sentences: -/- (1) In every race, the colt won; (2) In every race, John won. -/- John Hawthorne and David Manley say that the difference between these two sentences raises a problem for Predicativism about names. According to the currently more standard version of Predicativism, a bare singular name in argument position, like ‘John’ in (2), is embedded in a definite description with an unpronounced definite article. The problem is supposed to be that (1) permits a covarying (...)
    Remove from this list |
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. added 2015-05-02
    C. S. I. Jenkins (2014). Serious Verbal Disputes: Ontology, Metaontology, and Analyticity. Journal of Philosophy 111 (9/10):454-469.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. added 2015-04-30
    Bridget Copley & Heidi Harley (2015). A Force-Theoretic Framework for Event Structure. Linguistics and Philosophy 38 (2):103-158.
    We propose an account of dynamic predicates which draws on the notion of force, eliminating reference to events in the linguistic semantics. We treat dynamic predicates as predicates of forces, represented as functions from an initial situation to a final situation that occurs ceteris paribus, that is, if nothing external intervenes. The possibility that opposing forces might intervene to prevent the transition to a given final situation leads us to a novel analysis of non-culminating accomplishment predicates in a variety of (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. added 2015-04-27
    David Liebesman (forthcoming). Does Vagueness Underlie the Mass/Count Distinction? Synthese:1-19.
    Does vagueness underlie the mass/count distinction? My answer is no. I motivate this answer in two ways. First, I argue against Chierchia’s recent attempt to explain the distinction in terms of vagueness. Second, I give a more general argument that no such account will succeed.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. added 2015-04-27
    M. Ashraf Adeel (2015). Evolution of Quine’s Thinking on the Thesis of Underdetermination and Scott Soames’s Accusation of Paradoxicality. Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 5 (1):56-69.
    Scott Soames argues that interpreted in the light of Quine's holistic verificationism, Quine's thesis of underdetermination leads to a contradiction. It is contended here that if we pay proper attention to the evolution of Quine's thinking on the subject, particularly his criterion of theory individuation, Quine's thesis of underdetermination escapes Soames' charge of paradoxicality.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. added 2015-04-26
    Hadas Kotek, Yasutada Sudo & Martin Hackl (2015). Experimental Investigations of Ambiguity: The Case of Most. Natural Language Semantics 23 (2):119-156.
    In the study of natural language quantification, much recent attention has been devoted to the investigation of verification procedures associated with the proportional quantifier most. The aim of these studies is to go beyond the traditional characterization of the semantics of most, which is confined to explicating its truth-functional and presuppositional content as well as its combinatorial properties, as these aspects underdetermine the correct analysis of most. The present paper contributes to this effort by presenting new experimental evidence in support (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  38. added 2015-04-25
    Vann McGee (2003). Ramsey and the Correspondence Theory. In Leon Horsten & Volker Halbach (eds.), Principles of Truth. De Gruyter. 153-168.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. added 2015-04-24
    Shen-yi Liao & Aaron Meskin (forthcoming). Aesthetic Adjectives: Experimental Semantics and Context-Sensitivity. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research.
    One aim of this paper is to make a contribution to understanding aesthetic communication—the process by which agents aim to convey thoughts and transmit knowledge about aesthetic matters to others. Our focus will be on the use of aesthetic adjectives in aesthetic communication. Although theorists working on the semantics of adjectives have developed sophisticated theories about gradable adjectives, they have tended to avoid studying aesthetic adjectives—the class of adjectives that play a central role in expressing aesthetic evaluations (e.g., ‘beautiful’, ‘ugly’, (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. added 2015-04-23
    Emar Maier, Fictional Names in Asymmetric Semantics.
    Fictional names pose a difficult puzzle for semantics. We can truthfully maintain that Frodo is a hobbit, while at the same time admitting that Frodo does not exist. To reconcile this paradox I propose a way to formalize the interpretation of fiction as ‘prescriptions to imagine’ (Walton 1990) within an asymmetric semantic framework in the style of Kamp (1990). In my proposal, fictional statements are analyzed as dynamic updates on an imagination component of the interpreter’s mental state, while plain assertions (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. added 2015-04-23
    Emar Maier, Referential Dependencies Between Conflicting Attitudes.
    A number of puzzles about propositional attitudes in semantics and philosophy revolve around apparent referential dependencies between different attitudes within a single agent’s mental state. In a series of papers, Hans Kamp (2003. . . 2014) offers a general framework for describing such interconnected attitude complexes, building on DRT and dynamic semantics. I demonstrate that Kamp’s proposal cannot deal with referential dependencies between semantically conflicting attitudes, such as those in Ninan’s (2008) puzzle about de re imagination. To solve the problem (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. added 2015-04-21
    Matthew A. Benton, Paul Grice. Oxford Bibliographies in Philosophy.
    Reference guide to Paul Grice and the literature arising from his work, particularly in philosophy of language and mind.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. added 2015-04-20
    Marco Mazzone (2013). Attention to the Speaker. The Conscious Assessment of Utterance Interpretations in Working Memory. Language and Communication 33:106-114.
    The role of conscious attention in language processing has been scarcely considered, despite the wide-spread assumption that verbal utterances manage to attract and manipulate the addressee’s attention. Here I claim that this assumption is to be understood not as a figure of speech but instead in terms of attentional processes proper. This hypothesis can explain a fact that has been noticed by supporters of Relevance Theory in pragmatics: the special role played by speaker-related information in utterance interpretation. I argue that (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. added 2015-04-19
    Marco Mazzone (2014). The Continuum Problem: Modified Occam's Razor and Conventionalisation of Meaning. International Review of Pragmatics 6:29-58.
    According to Grice's “Modified Occam's Razor”, in case of uncertainty between the implicature account and the polysemy account of word uses it is parsimonious to opt for the former. However, it is widely agreed that uses can be partially conventionalised by repetition. This fact, I argue, raises a serious problem for MOR as a methodological principle, but also for the substantial notion of implicature in lexical pragmatics. In order to overcome these problems, I propose to reinterpret implicatures in terms of (...)
    Remove from this list |
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. added 2015-04-19
    Mazzone Marco (2014). Language and Action: A Common Intentional, Generative, and Inferential Process. RETI SAPERI LINGUAGGI 1:165-178.
    The thesis that language is a special case of action is analysed in terms of the following three claims. First, language is presumably just as intentional as action is, in the precise sense that both involve largely automatic processing of goal-directed representations, with conscious attention essentially granting stability to the process. Second, this largely automatic processing of both language and action seems to be based on a shared generative mechanism. Third, this common process can be described as a bidirectional inferential (...)
    Remove from this list |
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. added 2015-04-17
    Wellington Amancio Da Silva (2015). The Place of the City as an Existential Paradigm. Journal of Sustainable Society 4 (1):1--4.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. added 2015-04-17
    Wellington Amâncio da Silva (2015). Concepção de Presença Em Gumbrecht--Contribuição Paradigmática E Transdisciplinar. Revista Opara 5 (1):149--159.
    Remove from this list |
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. added 2015-04-17
    Wellington Amâncio Silva (2015). Linguagem E Limite Em Wittgenstein--Uma Episteme Condicional Em Sua Relação Afigurativa. Revista Aurora 8 (1).
    Remove from this list |
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. added 2015-04-17
    Francesco Mascellino (2014). L'uso Del Latino Nella Sacra Liturgia. Per Un'analisi Filosofico-Linguistica Degli Argomenti Pro E Contro. Rivista Teologica di Lugano:501-518.
    In this essay the supporting arguments of the Catholic Magisterium regarding the use of liturgical Latin in the Roman Rite are analysed, emphasizing the arguments based on the characters of immutability, nobility and universality of the Latin language. Moreover, some critics of present theologians relating to the concern of Latin being a hindrance to the participatio actuosa to the Holy Liturgy are here examined. Of both positions the effectiveness and ineffectiveness are highlighted. Finally, it is suggested to alternate Latin with (...)
    Remove from this list |
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  50. added 2015-04-17
    Wellington Amâncio Da Silva (2014). Contributions to the Ontology of Language--Opening, Logos, Limit, Being and the Conditions for Co-Authoring and Possibilities of Meaning. International Journal of Language and Linguistics - Issn: 2330-0205 2 (2):102--114.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
1 — 50 / 204