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Philosophy of Language

Edited by Berit Brogaard (University of Missouri, St. Louis)
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  1. Roman Altshuler (2015). Immortality, Identity, and Desirability. In Michael Cholbi (ed.), Immortality and the Philosophy of Death. Rowman & Littlefield 191-203.
    Williams’s famous argument against immortality rests on the idea that immortality cannot be desirable, at least for human beings, and his contention has spawned a cottage industry of responses. As I will intend to show, the arguments over his view rest on both a difference of temperament and a difference in the sense of desire being used. The former concerns a difference in whether one takes a forward-looking or a backward-looking perspective on personal identity; the latter a distinction between our (...)
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  2. Michael Ayers (2005). Ordinary Objects, Ordinary Language, and Identity. The Monist 88 (4):534-570.
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  3. Murat Baç (2006). Pluralistic Kantianism. Philosophical Forum 37 (2):183–204.
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  4. M. Ryan Bochnak (2016). Past Time Reference in a Language with Optional Tense. Linguistics and Philosophy 39 (4):247-294.
    In this paper, I analyze the verbal suffix -uŋil in Washo as an optional past tense. It is optional in the sense that it is not part of a paradigm of tenses, and morphologically tenseless clauses are also compatible with past time reference. Specifically, I claim that -uŋil is the morphological exponent of a tense feature [past], which presupposes that the reference time of the clause, denoted by a temporal pronoun, precedes the evaluation time. Meanwhile, morphologically tenseless clauses lack a (...)
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  5. G. Chierchia (1992). Anaphora and Dynamic Logic. Linguistics and Philosophy 15:111-183.
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  6. Ciril Coh (2010). Beyond the Sensibility of Language. Filozofska Istrazivanja 30 (4):563-579.
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  7. Chris Collins (forthcoming). Not Even. Natural Language Semantics:1-13.
    :This paper proposes an analysis of the semantics of even that is consistent with the assumptions about the syntax and semantics of negation in Collins and Postal. First, I review the distribution of negation, showing how negation may modify quantificational expressions where it gives rise to scope freezing effects. Second, I discuss the fact that even-phrases can be modified by negation, as in Not even John is there. On the basis of this fact, I argue that even is a quantifier. (...)
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  8. Georges Dreyfus, Bronwyn Finnigan, Jay Garfield, Guy Newland, Graham Priest, Mark Siderits, Koji Tanaka, Sonam Thakchoe, Tom Tillemans & Jan Westerhoff (eds.) (2011). Moonshadows. Conventional Truth in Buddhist Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
    The doctrine of the two truths--a conventional truth and an ultimate truth--is central to Buddhist metaphysics and epistemology. The two truths (or two realities), the distinction between them, and the relation between them is understood variously in different Buddhist schools and is of special importance to the Madhyamaka school. The fundamental ideas are articulated with particular force by Nagarjuna (2nd--3rd century CE) who famously claims that the two truths are identical to one another, and yet distinct. One of the most (...)
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  9. Nathaniel Goldberg (2016). Margaret Cameron and Robert J. Stainton, Eds., Linguistic Content: New Essays on the History of Philosophy of Language. Reviewed By. [REVIEW] Philosophy in Review 36 (4):154-156.
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  10. Sabine Iatridou & Sergei Tatevosov (2016). Our Even. Linguistics and Philosophy 39 (4):295-331.
    We discuss a phenomenon that appears when ‘even’ occurs in questions. Specifically, an inference of what we call “extreme ignorance” is projected onto the speaker. We argue that this effect arises when the known unlikelihood ‘even’ focuses an entire question, resulting in the focused question being the least likely to be asked. Specific implicatures then conspire to bring about the inference that the speaker does not know the answer to the question that is most expected to be known. The environments (...)
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  11. Sabine Iatridou & Sergei Tatevosov (2016). Our Even. Linguistics and Philosophy 39 (4):295-331.
    We discuss a phenomenon that appears when ‘even’ occurs in questions. Specifically, an inference of what we call “extreme ignorance” is projected onto the speaker. We argue that this effect arises when the known unlikelihood ‘even’ focuses an entire question, resulting in the focused question being the least likely to be asked. Specific implicatures then conspire to bring about the inference that the speaker does not know the answer to the question that is most expected to be known. The environments (...)
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  12. Magdalena Kaufmann (2016). Free Choice is a Form of Dependence. Natural Language Semantics 24 (3):247-290.
    This paper refutes the widespread view that disjunctions of imperatives invariably grant free choice between the actions named by their disjuncts. Like other disjunctions they can also express a correlation with some factual distinction, but as with modalized declaratives used for non-assertive speech acts this needs to be indicated explicitly. A compositional analysis of one such indicator, depending on, constitutes the point of departure for a uniform analysis of disjunctions across clause types. Disjunctions are analyzed as sets of propositional alternatives (...)
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  13. Nikola Kompa (ed.) (2015). Handbuch Sprachphilosophie. Metzler.
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  14. Daniel Rothschild & Seth Yalcin (2016). Three Notions of Dynamicness in Language. Linguistics and Philosophy 39 (4):333-355.
    We distinguish three ways that a theory of linguistic meaning and communication might be considered dynamic in character. We provide some examples of systems which are dynamic in some of these senses but not others. We suggest that separating these notions can help to clarify what is at issue in particular debates about dynamic versus static approaches within natural language semantics and pragmatics.
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  15. Daniel Rothschild & Seth Yalcin (2016). Three Notions of Dynamicness in Language. Linguistics and Philosophy 39 (4):333-355.
    We distinguish three ways that a theory of linguistic meaning and communication might be considered dynamic in character. We provide some examples of systems which are dynamic in some of these senses but not others. We suggest that separating these notions can help to clarify what is at issue in particular debates about dynamic versus static approaches within natural language semantics and pragmatics.
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  16. Anna Strasser (2008). Referenz in der Bedeutungstheorie von D. Davidson. VDM Verlag Dr. Müller.
    Eine immer wiederkehrende Frage der Analytischen Philosophie lautet: Wie kann man sich mit Sprache auf die Welt beziehen? Um eine Antwort auf diese Frage zu bekommen, muss man untersuchen, was alles eine Rolle spielt, wenn man Bedeutungen von Äußerungen versteht. Zu diesem Zwecke wird in dieser Arbeit der programmatische Vorschlag einer Bedeutungstheorie von Donald Davidson vorgestellt. Dazu ist es notwendig, sich mit der Wahrheitstheorie Tarskis zu beschäftigen. Interessant ist nun, welche Erkenntnisse unabhängig von Tarski in dieser Bedeutungstheorie enthalten sind. Hier (...)
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  17. Josefa Toribio (1991). Una crítica al realismo desde la teoría del significado. Revista de Filosofía (Madrid) 5:13.
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  18. Luis Vicente (2016). Free Versus Bound Variables and the Taxonomy of Gaps. Natural Language Semantics 24 (3):203-245.
    Potts et seq. presents an analysis of gap-containing supplements where the gap is modelled as a variable over the semantic type of the constituent that the as-clause adjoins to. This much allows the meaning of the gap to be resolved purely compositionally, by defining as as a function that allows the anchor to bind the gap variable. This article presents a class of as-clauses where Potts’s analysis seems to break down, in that the gap cannot be modelled as a variable (...)
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  19. Alberto Voltolini (2006). How Ficta Follow Fiction. Springer.
    This book presents a novel theory of fictional entities which is syncretistic insofar as it integrates the work of previous authors. It puts forward a new metaphysical conception of the nature of these This This book presents a novel theory of fictional entities which is syncretistic insofar as it integrates the work of previous authors. It puts forward a new metaphysical conception of the nature of these entities, according to which a fictional entity is a compound entity built up from (...)
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     Feminist Phil of Language
     Language and Society
     Law and Language
     The Role of Language in Thought
     Use and Mention
     Phil of Language, General Works
     Speech and Language Disorders
     Phil of Language, Misc
    Pragmatics
     Assertion
     Context and Context-Dependence
     Discourse Representation
     Implicature
     Linguistic Communication
     Linguistic Focus
     Linguistic Force
     Metaphor
     Performatives
     Presupposition
     Relevance Theory
     Semantics-Pragmatics Distinction
     Speech Acts
     Pragmatics, Misc
    Specific Expressions
     Adverbs
     Attitude Ascriptions
     Conditionals
     Connectives
     Descriptions
     Determiners
     Generics
     Indexicals and Demonstratives
     Modal Expressions
     Names
     Nouns
     Predicates
     Pronouns and Anaphora
     Quantifiers
     Questions
     Quotation
     Temporal Expressions
     Verbs
     Speech Reports
     Specific Expressions, Misc
    Syntax
     Syntactic Phenomena
     Syntactic Theories
     Linguistic Innateness
    Truth
     Theories of Truth
     Truth, Miscellaneous
     Liar Paradox
     Vagueness and Indeterminacy
    Vagueness and Indeterminacy
     Theories of Vagueness
     Indeterminacy
     Vagueness and Indeterminacy, Misc
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