About this topic
Summary The philosophy of linguistics deals with philosophical issues arising in connection with the discipline of linguistics. It covers a wide variety of topics, including: (a) ontological issues, such as the nature of languages and of related entities (e.g. sentences and words), as well the proper characterization of the subject matter of the discipline; (b) epistemological issues, such as the nature and scope of a speaker's knowledge of her language; (c) methodological issues concerning the goals of theorization and the nature of linguistic explanation, the appropriate roles of abstraction and idealization, the import of the competence/performance distinction, and the kinds of data that may justify linguistic hypotheses.
Key works

Chapter 1 of Chomsky 1965 contains a seminal discussion of methodological and epistemological issues, such as the competence-performance distinction, the connection between explanatory adequacy and language acquisition, the place of intuitions/judgments as a source of evidence and the nature and role of abstraction and idealization in theorization. 

Chomsky 1980  has Chomsky's replies to criticisms posed by philosophers (among others), including worries about innateness and about the "psychological reality" of the posits of linguistic theory.

  Chomsky 1986 is the locus classicus for the distinction between I-Language and E-Language, and it also presents a very influential (and controversial) characterization of linguistics as a "branch of cognitive psychology".

Katz 1980 is a sustained critique of the Chomskyan perspective, and offers an alternative, Platonic conception of linguistics as a non-empirical, formal discipline. Soames 1984  and Higginbotham 1983, respectively, seek to combine an empirical view of linguistic research with a Platonic ontology of its subject matter. 

  Katz 1985 is the first collection of papers to bear the title "Philosophy of Linguistics", and it features many of the early key works. George 1989 includes several influential papers dealing with the ontology and epistemology of linguistics—notably George 1989 and Peacocke 1989

 Devitt 2006 is an attack on several aspects of the Chomskyan conception, such as the "psychological" view of linguistics and what Devitt calls the "Cartesian view" of linguistic intuitions.

Ludlow 2011  is one of the most recent monograph-length treatments of the topics mentioned above, and also contains discussions of issues such as normativity and rule-following, simplicity and formalization, and the externalist-internalist debate in semantics and in syntax. 

Introductions Scholz et al 2000, Ludlow 1998
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  1. David F. Aberle (1960). The Influence of Linguistics on Early Culture and Personality Theory. In Gertrude Evelyn Dole (ed.), Essays in the Science of Culture. New York, Crowell
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  2. Murray Aborn, Herbert Rubenstein & Theodor D. Sterling (1959). Sources of Contextual Constraint Upon Words in Sentences. Journal of Experimental Psychology 57 (3):171.
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  3. Christian Abry, Marc Sato, Jean-Luc Schwartz, Hélène Loevenbruck & Marie-Agnès Cathiard (2003). Attention-Based Maintenance of Speech Forms in Memory: The Case of Verbal Transformations. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):728-729.
    One of the fundamental questions raised by Ruchkin, Grafman, Cameron, and Berndt's (Ruchkin et al.'s) interpretation of no distinct specialized neural networks for short-term storage buffers and long-term memory systems, is that of the link between perception and memory processes. In this framework, we take the opportunity in this commentary to discuss a specific working memory task involving percept formation, temporary retention, auditory imagery, and the attention-based maintenance of information, that is, the verbal transformation effect.
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  4. I. Ad (forthcoming). In Adversative Clauses, Pa is Used for-Expressing Opposition to What has Been Said Previously4 (1) Obljubil Je Bil, Pa Ni Drfal Besede. He Promised, Pa Did Not Keep His Word.(2) Nihce Ni Mislil Nanjo, Pa Je Stopila V hiSo. [REVIEW] Filozofski Vestnik.
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  5. Lisa Adkins (2004). Introduction, Context and Background. In Lisa Adkins & Beverley Skeggs (eds.), Feminism After Bourdieu. Blackwell Publishing 37--56.
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  6. Nasser Al-Horais (2000). Arabic Negation Marker (Laysa) with Bare Argument Ellipsis and its Association with Information Structure. ARGUMENT 2001:2006-2008.
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  7. E. Alcon (1997). Cognitive Approaches for Explaining the Phenomena of Second Language Acquisition and Second Language Use in Communication. Communication and Cognition. Monographies 30 (1-2):7-28.
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  8. S. M. Ali & R. M. Zimmer (1994). Discourse on Artificiality. Idealistic Studies 24 (3):201-226.
    This paper presents a unifying framework for the study of artificial life, intelIigence and reality. By providing this framework we can give a clear and concise introduction to the fundamental arguments of all three artificial sciences and facilitate the translation of arguments from any one domain to the other two. The framework is based on a variant of functionalism that does not exclude the role of the observer.
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  9. James Allen (1987). Natural Language Understanding. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  10. Sture Allén (1995). Of Thoughts and Words the Relation Between Language and Mind : Stockholm, Sweden, 8-12 August, 1994.
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  11. C. Allibert (2008). Austronesian Migration and the Establishment of the Malagasy Civilization: Contrasted Readings in Linguistics, Archaeology, Genetics and Cultural Anthropology. Diogenes 55 (2):7 - 16.
    This article reviews and contrasts research findings in a variety of disciplines seeking corroboration for theories of settlement in Madagascar. Evidence is considered from the fields of linguistics, archaeology (studies of pottery), cultural anthropology and genetic analysis, leading to conclusions broadly supporting the thesis of Austronesian migrations directly to Madagascar from Kalimantan and Sulawesi around the 5th and 7th centuries CE, which combined with a Bantu group originating from the region of Mozambique. The article nevertheless warns against attributing too much (...)
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  12. Guillermo Quintás Alonso (1971). Lingüística Cartesiana, de N. Chomsky. Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 1 (2):159-161.
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  13. Garrett Barden (1966). The Symbolic Mentality. Philosophical Studies 15:28-57.
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  14. John Corcoran (1971). Discourse Grammars and the Structure of Mathematical Reasoning III: Two Theories of Proof,. Journal of Structural Learning 3 (3):1-24.
    ABSTRACT This part of the series has a dual purpose. In the first place we will discuss two kinds of theories of proof. The first kind will be called a theory of linear proof. The second has been called a theory of suppositional proof. The term "natural deduction" has often and correctly been used to refer to the second kind of theory, but I shall not do so here because many of the theories so-called are not of the second kind--they (...)
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  15. Achim Eschbach (1984). Bühler-Studien.
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  16. E. Fittipaldi (2008). Illusions of Imperatives: Norms and Truth. In Marek Piechowiak (ed.), Norm and Truth. School of Humanities and Journalism
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  17. H. V. Friedman (1942). Linguistics. Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 36:22.
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  18. Marek Fritzhand, Władyslaw Markiewicz & Janusz Górski (1977). Speakers. Dialectics and Humanism 4 (4):7-13.
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  19. B. O. G. (1977). Linguistic Behavior. Review of Metaphysics 31 (1):110-111.
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  20. B. O. G. (1976). Formal Semantics of Natural Language. Review of Metaphysics 30 (1):131-132.
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  21. R. D. G. (1958). Logica E Dialettica. Review of Metaphysics 12 (1):150-150.
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  22. R. J. G. (1973). Logic and System. Review of Metaphysics 26 (3):528-530.
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  23. Eric Lawrence Gans (1981). The Origin of Language a Formal Theory of Representation /Eric Gans. --. --. University of California Press, C1981.
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  24. Manuel García-Carpintero (2000). Fregean Sense and the Proper Function of Assertion: Comments on Textor: Philosophy of Language. Theoria 15 (38):303-316.
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  25. Peter Geach (1965). Logical Procedures and the Identity of Expressions. Ratio 7 (2):199.
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  26. Manfred Geier (1979). Kulturhistorische Sprachanalysen. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  27. Manfred Geier (1979). Sprachbewusstsein 11 Unters. Zum Zusammenhang von Sprachwiss. U. Kulturhistor. Psychologie. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  28. Ernest Gellner (1979). Words and Things: An Examination of, and an Attack on, Linguistic Philosophy. Routledge & Kegan Paul.
    Finding a powerful ally in Bertrand Russell, who provided the foreword for this book, Gellner embarked on the project that was to put him on the intellectual ...
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  29. Ernest Gellner (1962). Words and Things: A Critical Account of Linguistic Philosophy and a Study in Ideology. Philosophical Review 71 (2):252-257.
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  30. Zoltán Gendler Szabó (2001). Andrew Brook and Robert Stainton, Knowledge and Mind: A Philosophical Introduction Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 21 (4):239-242.
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  31. Irene Gendzier (2005). 13 Noam Chomsky: The Struggle Continues. In James A. McGilvray (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Chomsky. Cambridge University Press 260.
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  32. Descriptive General (1970). Applied Linguistics. Foundations of Language 5.
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  33. Nicholas Georgalis (1989). Review. [REVIEW] Linguistics and Philosophy 12 (6):745-748.
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  34. Claude Germain (1979). The Concept of Situation in Linguistics. University of Ottawa Press.
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  35. Dr Ulas Basar Gezgin, The Most Recent Heterodoxy in Linguistics: Integrationist School or on 'Rethinking Language'.
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  36. Viorel Ghenea (2006). Language and Reality. Some Aspects of Realism in the Philosophy of Language. Annals of the University of Craiova, Series: Philosophy:157-169.
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  37. P. C. Gibbons (1960). Imperatives and Indicatives (I). Australasian Journal of Philosophy 38 (2):107 – 119.
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  38. P. C. Gibbons (1960). Imperatives and Indicatives (II). Australasian Journal of Philosophy 38 (3):207 – 217.
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  39. Jean-Yves Girard (1995). Logic: Its Syntax and Semantics. In Jean-Yves Girard, Yves Lafont & Laurent Regnier (eds.), Advances in Linear Logic. Cambridge University Press
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  40. Roman Godlewski (2006). Zagadnienie zakresu języka. Filo-Sofija 6 (1(6)):119-134.
    Author: Godlewski Roman Title: THE PROBLEM OF THE RANGE OF LANGUAGE (Zagadnienie zakresu języka) Source: Filo-Sofija year: 2006, vol:.6, number: 2006/1, pages:119-134 Keywords: RANGE OF LANGUAGE, DUALISM OF CONTENT AND CONCEPTUAL SCHEME, DAVIDSON, QUINE Discipline: PHILOSOPHY Language: POLISH Document type: ARTICLE Publication order reference (Primary author’s office address): E-mail: www:The article analyses questions concerning the measure of the relation between language and the world. The author distinguishes questions related to the domains of reality that can be described in a given (...)
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  41. Robert Goedecke (1976). Linguistic Ontology. Philosophy Today 20 (2):157-166.
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  42. Jan Goes (1994). BrogyanyI . Prehistory, History, and Historiography of Language, Speech, and Linguistic Theory. [REVIEW] Revue Belge de Philologie Et D’Histoire 72 (3):643-644.
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  43. Irving Goh (2014). Prepositional Thoughts. Diacritics 42 (2):3-8.
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  44. Sanford C. Goldberg (2000). The Semantics of Interlocution. Communication and Cognition. Monographies 33 (3-4):249-286.
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  45. Susan Goldin‐Meadow (2015). The Impact of Time on Predicate Forms in the Manual Modality: Signers, Homesigners, and Silent Gesturers. Topics in Cognitive Science 7 (1):169-184.
    It is difficult to create spoken forms that can be understood on the spot. But the manual modality, in large part because of its iconic potential, allows us to construct forms that are immediately understood, thus requiring essentially no time to develop. This paper contrasts manual forms for actions produced over three time spans—by silent gesturers who are asked to invent gestures on the spot; by homesigners who have created gesture systems over their life spans; and by signers who have (...)
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  46. Laurence Goldstein (1982). Linguistic Aspects, Meaninglessness and Paradox: A Rejoinder to John David Stone. [REVIEW] Linguistics and Philosophy 4 (4):579 - 592.
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  47. Laurence Goldstein (1981). Categories of Linguistic Aspects and Grelling's Paradox. Linguistics and Philosophy 4 (3):405 - 421.
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  48. Nathalie Gontier (2012). Selectionist Approaches in Evolutionary Linguistics: An Epistemological Analysis. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 26 (1):67 - 95.
    Evolutionary linguistics is methodologically inspired by evolutionary psychology and the neo-Darwinian, selectionist approach. Language is claimed to have evolved by means of natural selection. The focus therefore lies not on how language evolved, but on finding out why language evolved. This latter question is answered by identifying the functional benefits and adaptive status that language provides, from which in turn selective pressures are deduced. This article analyses five of the most commonly given pressures or reasons why presumably language evolved. I (...)
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  49. Robert C. Good (1986). Imperatives Again. Metaphilosophy 17 (4):311--317.
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  50. J. Goodman (2007). The Analysis of Talking Past One Another. Philosophy and Rhetoric 40 (3):311.
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