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Philosophy of Mind

Edited by David Chalmers and David Bourget
Assistant editor: Chang Liu (University of Western Ontario)
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  1. added 2015-08-30
    Andreas Elpidorou (forthcoming). Horror, Fear, and the Sartrean Account of Emotions. Southern Journal of Philosophy.
    Phenomenological approaches to affectivity have long recognized the vital role that emotions occupy in our lives. In this paper, I engage with Jean-Paul Sartre’s well-known and highly influential theory of the emotions as it is advanced in his Sketch for a Theory of the Emotions. I examine whether Sartre’s account offers two inconsistent explications of the nature of emotions. I argue that despite appearances there is a reading of Sartre’s theory that is free of inconsistencies. Ultimately, I highlight a novel (...)
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  2. added 2015-08-29
    Helen Yetter-Chappell (forthcoming). Idealism Without God. In Tyron Goldschmidt & Kenny Pearce (eds.), Idealism: New Essays in Metaphysics. Oxford University Press
    I develop a nontheistic (quasi-)Berkeleyan idealism. The basic strategy is to peel away the attributes of God that aren't essential for role he plays in idealist metaphysics. God's omnibenevolence, his desires, intentions, beliefs, his very status as an agent ... aren't relevant to the work he does. When we peel all these things away, we're left with a view on which reality is a vast unity of consciousness, weaving together sensory experiences of colors, shapes, sounds, sizes, etc. into the trees, (...)
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  3. added 2015-08-29
    Emmanuel Chemla & B. R. George (forthcoming). Can We Agree About Agree? Review of Philosophy and Psychology:1-22.
    This squib attempts to constrain semantic theories of _agree wh_ constructions by broadening the data set and collecting naive speakers’ intuitions. Overall, our data suggest relatively permissive truth-conditions for these constructions. They also suggest a previously undiscussed presupposition for _agree wh_ and also indicate that _agree wh_ is not straightforwardly reducible to _agree that_. Although some accounts suggest differences in truth conditions among different asymmetrical _agree with_ constructions and symmetrical _agree_ constructions, we do not find any indication of such truth-conditional (...)
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  4. added 2015-08-29
    Stephan Torre (forthcoming). De Se Thought and Communication: An Introduction. In Manuel Garcia-Carpintero & Stephan Torre (eds.), About Oneself: De Se Thought and Communication. Oxford University Press 1-21.
    This chapter provides a critical overview of various influential accounts of de se attitudes including those proposed by Frege, Lewis and Perry. It also addresses the charge that there is nothing distinctive about de se attitudes. The second half outlines a widely accepted and influential model of communication and various complications that arise in applying this model to the communication of de se thoughts. The final section provides an overview of the papers in this volume.
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  5. added 2015-08-29
    M. Garcia-Carpintero & S. Torre (eds.) (forthcoming). About Oneself: De Se Thought and Communication. Oxford University Press.
    This volume addresses foundational issues concerning the nature of first-personal, or de se, thought and how such thoughts are communicated. One of the questions addressed is whether there is anything distinctive about de se thought or whether it can be subsumed under broader phenomena. Many have held that de se thought motivates a revision to traditional accounts of content or positing special ways of accessing such contents. Gottlob Frege famously held that first-person thoughts involve a subject being “presented to himself (...)
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  6. added 2015-08-29
    Joseph Gottlieb (forthcoming). Presentational Character and Higher-Order Thoughts. Journal of Consciousness Studies.
    Experiences, by definition, have phenomenal character. But many experiences have a specific type of phenomenal character: presentational character. While both visual experience and conscious thought make us aware of their objects, only in visual experience do objects seem present before the mind and available for direct access. I argue that Higher-Order Thought (HOT) theories of consciousness have a particularly steep hill to climb in accommodating presentational character.
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  7. added 2015-08-29
    Ignacio Avila (2015). Percepción y Pensamiento Espacial: La Veta Reduccionista Del Enfoque Enactivo. Ideas y Valores. Revista Colombiana de Filosofía 64:191-214.
    En este ensayo exploro cierta veta reduccionista del enfoque enactivo de Noë. Primero argumento que su concepción de nuestro encuentro perceptual con las propiedades intrínsecas de los objetos requiere una metafísica relacional revisionista para ser exitosa. Luego argumento que la propuesta de Noë sobre el rol de la percepción para el pensamiento espacial exige una concepción revisionista de nuestros conceptos espaciales cotidianos. Finalmente, sugiero que a la base de estas formas de revisionismo está una comprensión reduccionista de la egocentricidad perceptual (...)
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  8. added 2015-08-29
    Andrew Melnyk (2012). Materialism. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews 3 (3):281-292.
    Materialism is nearly universally assumed by cognitive scientists. Intuitively, materialism says that a person’s mental states are nothing over and above his or her material states, while dualism denies this. Philosophers have introduced concepts (e.g., realization, supervenience) to assist in formulating the theses of materialism and dualism with more precision, and distinguished among importantly different versions of each view (e.g., eliminative materialism, substance dualism, emergentism). They have also clarified the logic of arguments that use empirical findings to support materialism. Finally, (...)
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  9. added 2015-08-29
    Andrew Melnyk (2002). Review of Joe Levine's "Purple Haze". [REVIEW] Philosophical Psychology 15 (3):359-362.
  10. added 2015-08-29
    Andrew Melnyk (1996). Review of Alex Hyslop's "Other Minds". [REVIEW] Australasian Journal of Philosophy 74 (2):383-384.
  11. added 2015-08-28
    Psychotic Logician, Philosophical Roast or (What I Think).
  12. added 2015-08-28
    Stephen E. Robbins (2010). sSecial Relativity and Perception: The Singular Time of Philosophy and Physics. Journal of Consciousness Exploration and Research 1:500-531.
    The Special Theory of Relativity (STR) holds sway as a theory of time due to its apparently successful predictive structure regarding time-related phenomena such as the increased life spans of mesons or retarded clocks on jets circling the globe, and due to the relativization of simultaneity intrinsic to this theoretical structure. Yet the very structure of the theory demands that such very real physical effects be construed as non-ontological. The scope and depth of this contradiction is explored and, if these (...)
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  13. added 2015-08-28
    Geert Keil (2000). Naturalismus und Intentionalität. In Geert Keil & Herbert Schnädelbach (eds.), Naturalismus. Suhrkamp 187-204.
    Naturalism in theoretical philosophy comes in three kinds: metaphysical, scientific and semantical. Metaphysical naturalism holds that only natural things exist, scientific (or methodological) naturalism holds that the methods of natural science provide the only avenue to truth, semantic (or analytic) naturalism tries to provide sufficient nonintentional conditions for intentional phenomena. The paper argues that analytic naturalism does not render metaphysical or scientific naturalism obsolete, but can be understood as a further step in elaborating upon these programmes. The intentional idiom of (...)
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  14. added 2015-08-27
    Cora Cruz, Galen Strawson is a Closet Existentialist.
    The subject of free will has suffered something of a renascence in recent popularized American philosophy. The issue is, of course, a Gordian knot of underlying metaphysical and ontological presupposition, in both the analytic and continental traditions. In this paper, I attempt a bit of an untangling, and in doing so, I find that the fundamental position of the contemporary champion of “no freedom” (Galen Strawson) is not only compatible with a radical Sartrean freedom, but that the two philosophers’ deeper (...)
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  15. added 2015-08-27
    James Genone (forthcoming). Introduction: Perceptual Evidence. Philosophical Studies:1-1.
  16. added 2015-08-27
    Giovanna Colombetti (forthcoming). Enactive Affectivity, Extended. Topoi:1-11.
    In this paper I advance an enactive view of affectivity that does not imply that affectivity must stop at the boundaries of the organism. I first review the enactive notion of “sense-making”, and argue that it entails that cognition is inherently affective. Then I review the proposal, advanced by Di Paolo, that the enactive approach allows living systems to “extend”. Drawing out the implications of this proposal, I argue that, if enactivism allows living systems to extend, then it must also (...)
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  17. added 2015-08-27
    Silvia Jonas (forthcoming). Ineffability and its Metaphysics: The Unspeakable in Art, Religion, and Philosophy. Palgrave Macmillan.
    Can art, religion, or philosophy afford ineffable insights? If so, what are they? The idea of ineffability has puzzled philosophers from Laozi to Wittgenstein. In Ineffability and its Metaphysics: The Unspeakable in Art, Religion and Philosophy, Silvia Jonas examines different ways of thinking about what ineffable insights might involve metaphysically, and shows which of these are in fact incoherent. Jonas discusses the concepts of ineffable properties and objects, ineffable propositions, ineffable content, and ineffable knowledge, examining the metaphysical pitfalls involved in (...)
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  18. added 2015-08-27
    Yu Bai, Timothy Lane, Georg Northoff & et al (2015). Resting State Glutamate Predicts Elevated Pre-Stimulus Alpha During Self-Relatedness: A Combined EEG-MRS Study on 'Rest-Self' Overlap. Social Neuroscience:DOI:10.1080/17470919.2015.107258.
    Recent studies have demonstrated neural overlap between resting state activity and self-referential processing. This “rest-self” overlap occurs especially in anterior cortical midline structures like the perigenual anterior cingulate cortex (PACC). However, the exact neurotemporal and biochemical mechanisms remain to be identified. Therefore, we conducted a combined electroencephalography (EEG)-magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) study. EEG focused on pre-stimulus (e.g., prior to stimulus presentation or perception) power changes to assess the degree to which those changes can predict subjects’ perception (and judgment) of subsequent (...)
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  19. added 2015-08-27
    Lucy O'Brien (2015). Ambulo Ergo Sum. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 76:57-75.
    It is an extraordinary thing that Descartes' famous Cogito argument is still being puzzled over; this paper is another fragment in an untiring tradition of puzzlement. The paper will argue that, if I were to ask the question the Cogito could provide for a positive answer. In particular, my aim in this is to argue, in opposition to recent discussion by John Campbell, that there is a way of construing conscious thinking on which the Cogito can be seen to provide (...)
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  20. added 2015-08-27
    Stephen E. Robbins (2013). Form, Qualia and Time: The Hard Problem Reformed. Mind and Matter 2:153-181.
    The hard problem – focusing essentially on vision here – is in fact the problem of the origin of our image of the external world. This formulation in terms of the “image” is never seen stated, for the forms populating our image of the world are considered computable, and not considered qualia – the “redness” of the cube is the problem, not the cube as form. Form, however, cannot be divorced from motion and hence from time. Therefore we must examine (...)
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  21. added 2015-08-27
    Geert Keil (2002). Der Nullpunkt der Orientierung. In Audun Øfsti, Peter Ulrich & Truls Wyller (eds.), Indexicality and Idealism: The Self in Philosophical Perspective. Mentis 9-29.
    The indexical sentence “I am here now” can be used any time and anywhere by anyone to say something true. Rather than yielding a special kind of infallible knowledge, this fact indicates that every speaker or thinker has a zero of an egocentric coordinate system at his disposal. Many idealist philosophers assume that this egocentric zero can be further reduced. The ability to make a de se-reference with the first person pronoun, they claim, need not involve spatiotemporal self-localization. The paper (...)
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  22. added 2015-08-26
    Casey O'Callaghan (forthcoming). Objects for Multisensory Perception. Philosophical Studies:1-21.
    Object perception deploys a suite of perceptual capacities that constrains attention, guides reidentification, subserves recognition, and anchors demonstrative thought. Objects for perception—perceptual objects—are the targets of such capacities. Characterizing perceptual objects for multisensory perception faces two puzzles. First is the diversity of objects across sensory modalities. Second is the unity of multisensory perceptual objects. This paper resolves the puzzles. Objects for perception are structured mereologically complex individuals. Perceptual objects are items that bear perceptible features and have perceptible parts arranged to (...)
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  23. added 2015-08-26
    Casey O'Callaghan (forthcoming). The Multisensory Character of Perception. Journal of Philosophy.
  24. added 2015-08-26
    Patricia Wallusch (2015). Dualismus von Eigenschaften und Substanzen. Eine Bestandsaufnahme aktueller Überlegungen. In Patricia Wallusch & Heinrich Watzka (eds.), Verkörpert existieren. Ein Beitrag zur Metaphysik menschlicher Personen aus dualistischer Perspektive. Aschendorff Verlag 59-70.
    Zu den Anliegen dieses Beitrags zählt zum einen die Diskussion einiger aktuellerer Argumente gegen die Vereinbarkeit eines Dualismus von Eigenschaften mit einem (Substanz-)Physikalismus und zum anderen in einer Präsentation und Verteidigung des von E. J. Lowe (1950-2014) vertretenen (Nicht-Cartesianischen) Substanzendualismus. -/- Erschienen in: Patricia Wallusch/ Heinrich Watzka (Hrsg.): Verkörpert existieren. Ein Beitrag zur Metaphysik menschlicher Personen, Münster: Aschendorff 2015, pp. 59-70. ISBN 978-3-402-11892-4 .
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  25. added 2015-08-26
    Fleur Jongepier & Derek Strijbos (2015). Introduction: Self-Knowledge in Perspective. Philosophical Explorations 18 (2):123-133.
  26. added 2015-08-26
    David Hommen (2013). Mentale Verursachung, innere Erfahrung und handelnde Personen. Eine Verteidigung des Epiphänomenalismus. Mentis.
    Die Annahme, dass mentale Zustände wie Überzeugungen, Wünsche und Gefühle physische Ereignisse bewirken (wie körperliches Verhalten und willentliche Handlungen) ist ebenso verbreitet wie problematisch, weil sie im Widerspruch zu der Überzeugung steht, dass mentale Zustände Phänomene nicht-physischer Natur sind und physische Phänomene ausschließlich physische Ursachen haben. Der Epiphänomenalismus, der diesen als Leib-Seele-Problem bekannten Widerspruch auflöst, indem er die kausale Wirksamkeit des Mentalen bestreitet, stößt unter Laien und Philosophen jedoch auf erheblichen Widerstand. Die vorliegende Studie wendet sich den Intuitionen zu, die (...)
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  27. added 2015-08-26
    David Hommen (2013). Mentale Verursachung, innere Erfahrung und handelnde Personen. Eine Verteidigung des Epiphänomenalismus. Mentis.
    Die Annahme, dass mentale Zustände wie Überzeugungen, Wünsche und Gefühle physische Ereignisse bewirken (wie körperliches Verhalten und willentliche Handlungen) ist ebenso verbreitet wie problematisch, weil sie im Widerspruch zu der Überzeugung steht, dass mentale Zustände Phänomene nicht-physischer Natur sind und physische Phänomene ausschließlich physische Ursachen haben. Der Epiphänomenalismus, der diesen als Leib-Seele-Problem bekannten Widerspruch auflöst, indem er die kausale Wirksamkeit des Mentalen bestreitet, stößt unter Laien und Philosophen jedoch auf erheblichen Widerstand. Die vorliegende Studie wendet sich den Intuitionen zu, die (...)
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  28. added 2015-08-26
    Ed D'Angelo (2012). Anarchism and the Beats. In Sharin Elkholy (ed.), The Philosophy of the Beats. The University Press of Kentucky 227-242.
    The paper charts both the interpersonal connections between historical anarchist figures and the beat poets as well as the philosophical similarities between them. Almost all the beat poets were anarchists, though their politics was secondary to their attempts to transform consciousness. Among the anarchists, the romantic socialist Gustav Landauer, who was especially popular in post-war American anarchist circles, came closest to the political perspective of the beat poets. Like the beats, Landauer was a poet, a pacifist, an anarchist, a communitarian, (...)
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  29. added 2015-08-26
    Vivian Bohl (2011). Sotsiaalne Tunnetus Kui Hübriidelevant. In Mölder Bruno & Kangilaski Jaan (eds.), Filosoofia ja analüüs: Analüütilise filosoofia seminar 20. EÜS Veljesto 219-258.
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  30. added 2015-08-25
    Olivia Sultanescu (forthcoming). Bridging the Gap: A Reply to Hutto and Satne. Philosophia:1-11.
    Daniel D. Hutto and Glenda Satne expose, and suggest a way to resolve, what they see as an “essential tension” which has plagued what they take to be, rightly I think, the most promising approach to the nature of contentful states, that is, the neo-pragmatist approach, according to which an adequate account of content essentially appeals to the notion of a social practice. This paper is a critical assessment of their proposal. On their view, the tension stems from the fact (...)
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  31. added 2015-08-25
    Michael Hymers (forthcoming). Wittgenstein on Sensation and Perception. Routledge.
    The main interpretive claim of this book is that both Wittgenstein’s mature philosophical method and his much misunderstood critique of private language have their roots in his critique of the misleading metaphor of phenomenal space–that is, the misleading, figurative analogy between physical space, or space simpliciter, and phenomenal space, or the “space” of appearances. His critique of this metaphor extends from his rejection of sense-data (Chapters 2 and 3), to his investigation of the asymmetry between first- and other-person pronouns in (...)
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  32. added 2015-08-25
    Leo Townsend (forthcoming). Essays in Collective Epistemology Edited by Jennifer Lackey. [REVIEW] Analysis:anv056.
  33. added 2015-08-25
    Leo Townsend (2015). Margaret Gilbert, Joint Commitment How We Make the Social World. Reviewed By. [REVIEW] Philosophy in Review 35 (3):140-142.
  34. added 2015-08-25
    Hili Razinsky (2015). A Live Language: Concreteness, Openness, Ambivalence. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 15 (43):51-65.
    Wittgenstein has shown that that life, in the sense that applies in the first place to human beings, is inherently linguistic. In this paper, I ask what is involved in language, given that it is thus essential to life, answering that language – or concepts – must be both alive and the ground for life. This is explicated by a Wittgensteinian series of entailments of features. According to the first feature, concepts are not intentional engagements. The second feature brings life (...)
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  35. added 2015-08-24
    Kourken Michaelian (forthcoming). Mental Time Travel: Episodic Memory and Our Knowledge of the Personal Past. MIT Press.
  36. added 2015-08-24
    Kourken Michaelian (forthcoming). Memory. In Brian McLaughlin (ed.), Macmillan Interdisciplinary Handbooks: Philosophy of Mind. Macmillan
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  37. added 2015-08-24
    Kourken Michaelian (forthcoming). Against Discontinuism: Mental Time Travel and Our Knowledge of Past and Future Events. In Kourken Michaelian, Stanley B. Klein & Karl K. Szpunar (eds.), Seeing the Future: Theoretical Perspectives on Future-Oriented Mental Time Travel. Oxford University Press
  38. added 2015-08-24
    Kourken Michaelian (forthcoming). Opening the Doors of Memory: Is Declarative Memory a Natural Kind? Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews.
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  39. added 2015-08-24
    Sven Bernecker & Kourken Michaelian (eds.) (2017). The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Memory. Routledge.
  40. added 2015-08-24
    Beckett Sterner (2015). Pathways to Pluralism About Biological Individuality. Biology and Philosophy 30 (5):609-628.
    What are the prospects for a monistic view of biological individuality given the multiple epistemic roles the concept must satisfy? In this paper, I examine the epistemic adequacy of two recent accounts based on the capacity to undergo natural selection. One is from Ellen Clarke, and the other is by Peter Godfrey-Smith. Clarke’s position reflects a strong monism, in that she aims to characterize individuality in purely functional terms and refrains from privileging any specific material properties as important in their (...)
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  41. added 2015-08-24
    Reinaldo J. Bernal (2014). Le fossé explicatif dans les énoncés psycho-physiques et la subjectivité de la conscience. In Jean-Marie Chevalier Benoît Gaultier (ed.), Connaître. Questions d'épistémologie contemporaine. Editions d'Ithaque 73-92.
    Kripke [1972] a présenté un argument très influent contre le physicalisme, basé sur l’idée suivante : les énoncés psycho-physiques—ceux qui identifient les phénomènes psychologiques de l’expérience à des phénomènes physiques—sont, s’ils sont vrais, nécessairement vrais. Pourtant, ils semblent être contingents. Par la suite, Levine [1983] a prétendu que l’apparence de contingence était due à un «fossé explicatif » qui se trouve dans ces énoncés : les phénomènes physiques ne semblent pas rendre compte de l’existence et des caractéristiques des phénomènes psychologiques. (...)
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  42. added 2015-08-24
    Kourken Michaelian & Santiago Arango-Muñoz (2014). Epistemic Feelings and Epistemic Emotions (Focus Section). Philosophical Inquiries.
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  43. added 2015-08-24
    Kourken Michaelian & John Sutton (eds.) (2013). Distributed Cognition and Memory Research. Review of Philosophy and Psychology.
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  44. added 2015-08-24
    Tine Wilde (2012). De Artistieke Wending. BLIND! 29 (Macht).
    De onmacht van deskundigen om de crisis te bezweren komt voort uit een deficiënte benadering van de problemen. Volgens kunstenaar en filosofe Tine Wilde is een Artistieke Wending nodig om complexe vraagstukken zoals de crisis op te kunnen lossen. In dit artikel pleit zij voor het toepassen van de intuïtieve aanpak die filosofen en kunstenaars hanteren, 'vertraagd onbewust nadenken'. In deze houding ligt de macht vervat, waarover in principe ieder van ons kan beschikken. Dit is een indirecte macht, die langer (...)
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  45. added 2015-08-23
    Galen Strawson (forthcoming). Mind and Being: The Primacy of Panpsychism. In Godehard Brüntrup & Ludwig Jaskolla (eds.), Panpsychism: Philosophical Essays. Oxford University Press 000-00.
    I endorse a 12-word metaphysics. [1] Stoff ist Kraft ≈ being is energy. [2] Wesen ist Werden ≈ being is becoming. [3] Sein ist Sosein ≈ being is qualit[ativit]y. [4] Ansichsein ist Fürsichsein ≈ being is mind. [1]–[3] are plausible metaphysical principles and unprejudiced consideration of what we know about concrete reality obliges us to favor [4], i.e. panpsychism or panexperientialism, above all other positive substantive proposals. For [i] panpsychism is the most ontologically parsimonious view, given that the existence of (...)
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  46. added 2015-08-22
    Thomas Icard (forthcoming). Subjective Probability as Sampling Propensity. Review of Philosophy and Psychology:1-41.
    Subjective probability plays an increasingly important role in many fields concerned with human cognition and behavior. Yet there have been significant criticisms of the idea that probabilities could actually be represented in the mind. This paper presents and elaborates a view of subjective probability as a kind of _sampling propensity_ associated with internally represented generative models. The resulting view answers to some of the most well known criticisms of subjective probability, and is also supported by empirical work in neuroscience and (...)
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  47. added 2015-08-20
    Neil Van Leeuwen (forthcoming). Beyond Fakers and Fanatics: A Reply to Maarten Boudry and Jerry Coyne. Philosophical Psychology.
    Maarten Boudry and Jerry Coyne have written a piece, forthcoming in Philosophical Psychology, called “Disbelief in Belief,” in which they criticize my recent paper “Religious credence is not factual belief” (2014, Cognition 133). Here I respond to their criticisms, the thrust of which is that we shouldn’t distinguish religious credence from factual belief, contrary to what I say. I respond that their picture of religious psychology undermines our ability to distinguish common religious people from fanatics. My response will appear in (...)
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  48. added 2015-08-20
    Scott Sturgeon (forthcoming). Undercutting Defeat and Edgington's Burglar. In Lee Walters John Hawthorne (ed.), Conditionals, Probability & Paradox: themes from the Philosophy of Dorothy Edgington.
    This paper does four things. First it lays out an orthodox position on reasons and defeaters. Then it argues that the position just laid out is mistaken about “undercutting” defeaters. Then the paper explains an unpublished thought experiment by Dorothy Edgington. And then it uses that thought experiment to motivate a new approach to undercutting defeaters.
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  49. added 2015-08-20
    Scott Sturgeon (forthcoming). The Tale of Bella and Creda. Philosophers' Imprint.
    Some philosophers argue that we believe things by lending strong credence to them. Others argue that we lend credence to things by believing things about their probability. Functionalism about the attitudes can make it seem as if debate between the two camps is misplaced, that differences between them are merely a matter of implementation. This paper explains why that is not so; and it argues that only one sort of view, at most, can be true of us.
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  50. added 2015-08-20
    Shaun Smith (2015). THE SPIRIT MOLECULE: DMT, BRAINS, AND A THEONEUROLOGICAL MODEL TO EXPLAIN SPIRITUAL EXPERIENCES. Dissertation, Liberty University
    This thesis attempts to address the philosophical implications of the N, N-Dimethyltryptamine (DMT) research of Dr. Rick Strassman. Strassman concludes that the psychedelic properties of DMT represent a proper biological starting point for discussing spiritual and near-death experiences. My research attempts to incorporate philosophical elements from the philosophy of mind and philosophy of religion/mysticism to give an accurate account of some of the philosophical issues worth exploring for future research. One of the essential patterns in this thesis is to trace (...)
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