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Philosophy of Physical Science

Edited by Hans Halvorson (Princeton University)
Assistant editor: Joshua Luczak (University of Western Ontario, Georgetown University)
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  1. added 2016-02-07
    Gabriel Vacariu & Mihai Vacariu (forthcoming). The Bibliography of the Book 'Dark Matter, Dark Energy and Other Pseudo-Notions in Cosmology) (2016). Datagroup.
    Bibliography of the book "Dark matter and dark energy, space and time, and other pseudo-notions in cosmology".
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  2. added 2016-02-07
    Luis H. Favela (2014). Radical Embodied Cognitive Neuroscience: Addressing “Grand Challenges” of the Mind Sciences. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8:01-10.
    It is becoming ever more accepted that investigations of mind span the brain, body, and environment. To broaden the scope of what is relevant in such investigations is to increase the amount of data scientists must reckon with. Thus, a major challenge facing scientists who study the mind is how to make big data intelligible both within and between fields. One way to face this challenge is to structure the data within a framework and to make it intelligible by means (...)
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  3. added 2016-02-07
    Marieke M. J. W. van Rooij, Luis H. Favela, MaryLauren Malone & Michael J. Richardson (2013). Modeling the Dynamics of Risky Choice. Ecological Psychology 25:293-303.
    Individuals make decisions under uncertainty every day. Decisions are based on in- complete information concerning the potential outcome or the predicted likelihood with which events occur. In addition, individuals’ choices often deviate from the rational or mathematically objective solution. Accordingly, the dynamics of human decision making are difficult to capture using conventional, linear mathematical models. Here, we present data from a 2-choice task with variable risk between sure loss and risky loss to illustrate how a simple nonlinear dynamical system can (...)
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  4. added 2016-02-06
    Gabriel Vacariu & Mihai Vacariu (forthcoming). Dark Matter and Dark Energy, Space and Time, and Other Pseudo-Notions in Cosmology. Datagroup.
    Content -/- Chapter 1 Epistemologically different worlds Chapter 2 Space and time cannot even exist! 2.1 Leibniz versus Newton 2.2 Space and time, just illusions of human mind 2.3 Spacetime, Einstein’s special theory of relativity, nothing and EDWs Chapter 3 Big Bang, inflation and gravitational waves 3.1 Big Bang and what was immediately after Big Bang: gravitational waves and inflation? 3.2 The results of BICEP2 (March 2014) about Big Bang, gravitational waves and inflation Chapter 4 Dark matter and dark energy (...)
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  5. added 2016-02-06
    Leslie E. Ballentine (forthcoming). Propensity, Probability, and Quantum Theory. Foundations of Physics:1-33.
    Quantum mechanics and probability theory share one peculiarity. Both have well established mathematical formalisms, yet both are subject to controversy about the meaning and interpretation of their basic concepts. Since probability plays a fundamental role in QM, the conceptual problems of one theory can affect the other. We first classify the interpretations of probability into three major classes: inferential probability, ensemble probability, and propensity. Class is the basis of inductive logic; deals with the frequencies of events in repeatable experiments; describes (...)
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  6. added 2016-02-06
    Gabriel Vacariu & Mihai Vacariu (forthcoming). Dark Matter and Dark Energy, Space and Time, and Other Pseudo-Notions in Cosmology. [REVIEW] Datagroup.
    Content -/- Chapter 1 Epistemologically different worlds Chapter 2 Space and time cannot even exist! 2.1 Leibniz versus Newton 2.2 Space and time, just illusions of human mind 2.3 Spacetime, Einstein’s special theory of relativity, nothing and EDWs Chapter 3 Big Bang, inflation and gravitational waves 3.1 Big Bang and what was immediately after Big Bang: gravitational waves and inflation? 3.2 The results of BICEP2 (March 2014) about Big Bang, gravitational waves and inflation Chapter 4 Dark matter and dark energy (...)
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  7. added 2016-02-06
    Gabriel Vacariu & Mihai Vacariu (forthcoming). Dark Matter and Dark Energy, Space and Time, and Other Pseudo-Notions in Cosmology. [REVIEW] Datagroup.
    Content -/- Introduction -/- Chapter 1 Epistemologically different worlds 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Definitions 1.3 Propositions for non-living entities 1.4 Propositions for living entities and being 1.5 The hyperverse 1.6 “1 + 1 = 2”, a wrong statement? -/- Chapter 2 Space and time cannot even exist! 2.1 Leibniz versus Newton 2.2 Space and time, just illusions of human mind 2.3 Spacetime, Einstein’s special theory of relativity, nothing and EDWs -/- Chapter 3 Big Bang, inflation and gravitational waves 3.1 Big Bang (...)
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  8. added 2016-02-06
    Gabriel Vacariu & Mihai Vacariu (forthcoming). Dark Matter and Dark Energy, Space and Time, and Other Pseudo-Notions in Cosmology. [REVIEW] Datagroup.
    Chapter 1 Epistemologically different worlds Chapter 2 Space and time cannot even exist! 2.1 Leibniz versus Newton 2.2 Space and time, just illusions of human mind 2.3 Spacetime, Einstein’s special theory of relativity, nothing and EDWs Chapter 3 Big Bang, inflation and gravitational waves 3.1 Big Bang and what was immediately after Big Bang: gravitational waves and inflation? 3.2 The results of BICEP2 (March 2014) about Big Bang, gravitational waves and inflation Chapter 4 Dark matter and dark energy 4.1 General (...)
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  9. added 2016-02-06
    Gabriel Vacariu & Mihai Vacariu (forthcoming). Dark Matter and Dark Energy, Space and Time, and Other Pseudo-Notions in Cosmology. [REVIEW] Datagroup.
    Content -/- Introduction -/- Chapter 1 Epistemologically different worlds 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Definitions 1.3 Propositions for non-living entities 1.4 Propositions for living entities and being 1.5 The hyperverse 1.6 “1 + 1 = 2”, a wrong statement? -/- Chapter 2 Space and time cannot even exist! 2.1 Leibniz versus Newton 2.2 Space and time, just illusions of human mind 2.3 Spacetime, Einstein’s special theory of relativity, nothing and EDWs -/- Chapter 3 Big Bang, inflation and gravitational waves 3.1 Big Bang (...)
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  10. added 2016-02-05
    Christopher Buckels (forthcoming). Making Room for Particulars: Plato's Receptacle as Space Not Substratum. Apeiron.
    The ‘traditional’ interpretation of the Receptacle in Plato’s Timaeus maintains that its parts act as substrata to ordinary particulars such as dogs and tables: particulars are form-matter compounds to which Forms supply properties and the Receptacle supplies a substratum, as well as a space in which these compounds come to be. I argue, against this view, that parts of the Receptacle cannot act as substrata for those particulars. I also argue, making use of contemporary discussions of supersubstantivalism, against a substratum (...)
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  11. added 2016-02-05
    Gabriel Vacariu (2016). Die Relativität von „Welt“ Wie Pseudoprobleme in den Neurowissenschaften, der Psychologie Und der Quantenphysik Durch EDWs Zu Vermeiden Sind. Springer (asdasdasdf):afs.
    Das Buch liefert ein neues axiomatisch-hyperontologisches Framework zum Verständnis der „Welt“ und den Zugängen verschiedener Wissenschaften Zeigt Zusammenhang und Unterschiede bei den Grundbegriffen von Philososophie, Psychologie, Neurowissenschaft, Physik Beschreibt Theorieapplikationen in der Philosophie des Geistes, Neurowissenschaften, Psychologie, Allgemeiner und spezieller Relatitivitätstheorie sowie der Quantenmechanik.
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  12. added 2016-02-04
    Massimo Tessarotto & Claudio Cremaschini (forthcoming). Generalized Lagrangian-Path Representation of Non-Relativistic Quantum Mechanics. Foundations of Physics:1-40.
    In this paper a new trajectory-based representation to non-relativistic quantum mechanics is formulated. This is ahieved by generalizing the notion of Lagrangian path which lies at the heart of the deBroglie-Bohm “ pilot-wave” interpretation. In particular, it is shown that each LP can be replaced with a statistical ensemble formed by an infinite family of stochastic curves, referred to as generalized Lagrangian paths. This permits the introduction of a new parametric representation of the Schrödinger equation, denoted as GLP-parametrization, and of (...)
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  13. added 2016-02-04
    George B. Kauffman (2013). Richard P. Pohanish and Stanley A. Greene: Wiley Guide to Chemical Incompatibilities, 3rd Edn. Foundations of Chemistry 15 (1):117-117.
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  14. added 2016-02-04
    Valia Allori & Nino Zanghì (2009). On the Classical Limit of Quantum Mechanics. Foundations of Physics 39 (1):20-32.
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  15. added 2016-02-04
    Diego Julio Cirilo-Lombardo (2008). Non-Compact Groups, Coherent States, Relativistic Wave Equations and the Harmonic Oscillator. Foundations of Physics 38 (1):99-99.
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  16. added 2016-02-04
    S. Esposito (2007). Hole Theory and Quantum Electrodynamics in an Unknown Manuscript in French by Ettore Majorana. Foundations of Physics 37 (7):1049-1068.
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  17. added 2016-02-04
    David Wallace & Christopher G. Timpson (2007). Non-Locality and Gauge Freedom in Deutsch and Hayden’s Formulation of Quantum Mechanics. Foundations of Physics 37 (7):1069-1073.
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  18. added 2016-02-04
    Adolf Grünbaum (1996). Theological Misinterpretations of Current Physical Cosmology. Foundations of Physics 26 (4):523-543.
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  19. added 2016-02-04
    Marco Mamone Capria & Fernanda Pambianco (1995). On the Michelson-Morley Experiment. Foundations of Physics 25 (5):779-779.
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  20. added 2016-02-04
    Nathan Rosen (1989). Elementary Particles in Bimetric General Relativity. II. Foundations of Physics 19 (11):1337-1344.
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  21. added 2016-02-04
    N. T. Bishop (1988). Is Superluminal Travel a Theoretical Possibility? II. Foundations of Physics 18 (5):571-574.
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  22. added 2016-02-04
    A. P. Bakulev, N. N. Bogoljubov & A. M. Kurbatov (1986). The Principle of Thermodynamic Equivalence in Statistical Mechanics: The Method of Approximating Hamiltonian. Foundations of Physics 16 (9):871-882.
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  23. added 2016-02-04
    Yuval Ne'eman (1985). Geometrization in the Yang-Mills Extended Supergravity and Klein-Kaluza Versions. Foundations of Physics 15 (3):261-277.
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  24. added 2016-02-04
    M. E. Burgos (1984). An Objective Formulation of Orthodox Quantum Mechanics. Foundations of Physics 14 (8):753-766.
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  25. added 2016-02-04
    Nicholas Maxwell (1982). Instead of Particles and Fields: A Micro Realistic Quantum?Smearon? Theory. Foundations of Physics 12 (6):607-631.
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  26. added 2016-02-04
    T. E. Phipps (1980). Do Metric Standards Contract? Foundations of Physics 10 (3-4):289-307.
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  27. added 2016-02-04
    Vladimir Fock (1971). Quantum Physics and Philosophical Problems. Foundations of Physics 1 (4):293-306.
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  28. added 2016-02-03
    Jessica Wilson (forthcoming). Are There Indeterminate States of Affairs? Yes. In Elizabeth Barnes (ed.), Current Controversies in Metaphysics. Taylor and Francis
    Here I compare two accounts of metaphysical indeterminacy (MI): first, the 'meta-level' approach described by Elizabeth Barnes and Ross Cameron in the companion to this paper, on which every state of affairs (SOA) is itself precise/determinate, and MI is a matter of its being indeterminate which determinate SOA obtains; second, my preferred 'object-level' determinable-based approach, on which MI is a matter of its being determinate---or just plain true---that an indeterminate SOA obtains, where an indeterminate SOA is one whose constitutive object (...)
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  29. added 2016-02-03
    Sadegh Salehzadeh & Farahnaz Maleki (forthcoming). The 4s and 3d Subshells: Which One Fills First in Progressing Through the Periodic Table and Which One Fills First in Any Particular Atom? [REVIEW] Foundations of Chemistry:1-9.
    In this paper, first we discuss an old problem in teaching electron configuration of transition metals and the order in which the orbitals are filled. Then we propose two simple computational experiments, in order to show that in the case of first row transition metals and the main group elements after them, the electrons occupy the 3d subshell before the 4s. It is shown that if we begin with the bare nucleus of above elements in the vacuum and then continue (...)
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  30. added 2016-01-31
    H. Fakhri & M. Sayyah-Fard (forthcoming). An Uncertainty Relation for the Orbital Angular Momentum Operator. Foundations of Physics:1-12.
    A common reducible representation space of the Lie algebras su and su is equipped with two different types of scalar products. The representation bases are labeled by the azimuthal and magnetic quantum numbers. The generators of su are the x-, y- and z-components of the orbital angular momentum operator. The representation of each of these Lie algebras is unitary with respect to only one of the scalar products. To each positive magnetic quantum number a family of the su-Barut–Girardello (...)
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  31. added 2016-01-31
    Gordana Dodig-Crnkovic & Vincent C. Müller (2011). A Dialogue Concerning Two World Systems: Info-Computational Vs. Mechanistic. In Gordana Dodig-Crnkovic & Mark Burgin (eds.), Information and computation: Essays on scientific and philosophical understanding of foundations of information and computation. World Scientific 149-184.
    The dialogue develops arguments for and against a broad new world system - info-computationalist naturalism - that is supposed to overcome the traditional mechanistic view. It would make the older mechanistic view into a special case of the new general info-computationalist framework (rather like Euclidian geometry remains valid inside a broader notion of geometry). We primarily discuss what the info-computational paradigm would mean, especially its pancomputationalist component. This includes the requirements for a the new generalized notion of computing that would (...)
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  32. added 2016-01-30
    Jan Walleczek & Gerhard Grössing (forthcoming). Nonlocal Quantum Information Transfer Without Superluminal Signalling and Communication. Foundations of Physics:1-21.
    It is a frequent assumption that—via superluminal information transfers—superluminal signals capable of enabling communication are necessarily exchanged in any quantum theory that posits hidden superluminal influences. However, does the presence of hidden superluminal influences automatically imply superluminal signalling and communication? The non-signalling theorem mediates the apparent conflict between quantum mechanics and the theory of special relativity. However, as a ‘no-go’ theorem there exist two opposing interpretations of the non-signalling constraint: foundational and operational. Concerning Bell’s theorem, we argue that Bell employed (...)
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  33. added 2016-01-30
    Giulio Chiribella & Carlo Maria Scandolo (2015). Entanglement and Thermodynamics in General Probabilistic Theories. New Journal of Physics 17:103027.
    Entanglement is one of the most striking features of quantum mechanics, and yet it is not specifically quantum. More specific to quantum mechanics is the connection between entanglement and thermodynamics, which leads to an identification between entropies and measures of pure state entanglement. Here we search for the roots of this connection, investigating the relation between entanglement and thermodynamics in the framework of general probabilistic theories. We first address the question whether an entangled state can be transformed into another by (...)
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  34. added 2016-01-30
    Giulio Chiribella & Carlo Maria Scandolo (2015). Conservation of Information and the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics. EPJ Web of Conferences 95:03003.
    We review a recent approach to the foundations of quantum mechanics inspired by quantum information theory. The approach is based on a general framework, which allows one to address a large class of physical theories which share basic information-theoretic features. We first illustrate two very primitive features, expressed by the axioms of causality and purity-preservation, which are satisfied by both classical and quantum theory. We then discuss the axiom of purification, which expresses a strong version of the Conservation of Information (...)
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  35. added 2016-01-30
    Giulio Chiribella & Carlo Maria Scandolo (2015). Operational Axioms for Diagonalizing States. EPTCS 195:96-115.
    In quantum theory every state can be diagonalized, i.e. decomposed as a convex combination of perfectly distinguishable pure states. This elementary structure plays an ubiquitous role in quantum mechanics, quantum information theory, and quantum statistical mechanics, where it provides the foundation for the notions of majorization and entropy. A natural question then arises: can we reconstruct these notions from purely operational axioms? We address this question in the framework of general probabilistic theories, presenting a set of axioms that guarantee that (...)
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  36. added 2016-01-27
    John Linus O'Sullivan, The Theory of Everything Finite.
    Abstract: This report will graphically depict the coupling between Quantum Gravity and General Relativity. Space is from two types of energy in standing waves; energy with mass which is finite energy and energy without mass which is infinite. Given light speed is equal to frequency times wavelength where C = f λ then photons must be twice light speed on half wavelengths before mass is created. Light speed is a constant relative to mass in Special Relativity but photon half waves (...)
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  37. added 2016-01-27
    Ludovico Geymonat, Silvio Bergia, Paolo Boringhieri, Marcello Ceccarelli, Sandro Petruccioli & Luigi Brasini (eds.) (1979). Guida bibliografica ad Albert Einstein. Bettini.
  38. added 2016-01-27
    Ludovico Geymonat (ed.) (1970). EST - Enciclopedia della Scienza e della Tecnica. Mondadori.
  39. added 2016-01-25
    Enrico Bellone, Livio Gratton, Oddone Longo, Nicola Badaloni, Dieter Wandschneider, Paolo Zellini, Halton C. Arp, Carlo Sini, Jean Heidmann, Jean-Claude Pecker, Fred Hoyle, Jayant V. Narlikar, Geoffrey Burbidge & Umberto Curi (eds.) (1989). Kosmos. La cosmologia tra scienza e filosofia. Corbo.
  40. added 2016-01-25
    Enrico Bellone, John Stachel, Francoise Balibar, Bruno Bertotti, Dennis W. Sciama, Giovanni V. Pallottino, Paolo Budinich, JeanMarc Lévy-Leblond, Remo Bodei, Dieder Wandschneider, Wolfgang Kaempfer, Paolo Zellini, Friedrich Cramer, Heinz D. Kittsteiner & Umberto Curi (eds.) (1989). L'opera di Einstein. Corbo.
  41. added 2016-01-25
    Paolo Rossi, Jean Dieudonné, René Thom, Clifford A. Truesdell, Tullio Regge, Ugo Amaldi, Enrico Bellone, Isabelle Stengers, Francisco J. Ayala, Vittorio Sgarabella, Yehuda Elkana, William Leiss, Saverio Avveduto, Abdul-Razzak Kaddoura & Mario Borillo (eds.) (1981). La nuova ragione. Scienza e cultura nella società contemporanea. Scientia/Il Mulino.
  42. added 2016-01-25
    Ludovico Geymonat & Mario Quaranta (eds.) (1981). Per Galileo. Bertani.
  43. added 2016-01-25
    Ludovico Geymonat, Giuseppe Peano, Giovanni Vailati, Federigo Enriques, Enrico Persico, Eugenio Colorni, Eugenio Frola, Giulio Preti & Giulio Giorello (eds.) (1977). L'immagine della scienza. Il dibattito sul significato dell'impresa scientifica nella cultura italiana. Il Saggiatore.
  44. added 2016-01-25
    Ludovico Geymonat (1967). Attualità delle indicazioni metodologiche galileiane. Atti Del Simposio Internazionale Su Andquot;Galileo Galilei Nella Storia E Nella Filosofia Della Scienza" (1964) - a Cura Del Gruppo Italiano di Storia Della Scienza, Firenze:205-215.
  45. added 2016-01-21
    Alyssa Ney, Finding the World in the Wave Function: Some Strategies for Solving the Macro-Object Problem.
    We look at some strategies for solving the macro-object problem for wave function realism. This is the problem of finding an account of the existence of macroscopic objects assuming a metaphysics in which objects in space-time are not fundamental; rather what is fundamental is the quantum wave function, a field characterized by an assignment of values to points in a much different kind of space, one adequate to realizing the full range of possible quantum pure states. -/- .
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  46. added 2016-01-21
    Richard Allen Sieb, Four-Dimensional Consciousness.
    Conscious experience is the direct observation of conscious events. Human conscious experience is four-dimensional. Conscious events are linked (associated) by spacetime intervals to produce a coherent conscious experience. This explains why conscious experience appears to us the way it does. Conscious experience is an orientation in space and time, an understanding of the position of the observer in space and time. Causality, past-future relations, learning, memory, cognitive processing, and goal-directed actions all evolve from four-dimensional conscious experience. A neural correlate for (...)
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  47. added 2016-01-19
    Marcoen J. T. F. Cabbolet, Special Relativity in a Pseudo-Riemannian 5-Manifold with a Curled-Up Fifth Dimension.
    This paper introduces Special Relativity (SR) in a pseudo-Riemannian 5-manifold with one curled-up dimension. This 5D SR consists of three very simple postulates, which imply that all particles move with the speed of light in four-dimensional space. It is shown that the postulates of 'standard' SR are valid in 5D SR, rendering the two theories empirically equivalent.
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  48. added 2016-01-19
    Waldemar Kłobus, Michał Oszmaniec, Remigiusz Augusiak & Andrzej Grudka (forthcoming). Communication Strength of Correlations Violating Monogamy Relations. Foundations of Physics:1-15.
    In any theory satisfying the no-signaling principle correlations generated among spatially separated parties in a Bell-type experiment are subject to certain constraints known as monogamy relations. Recently, in the context of the black hole information loss problem it was suggested that these monogamy relations might be violated. This in turn implies that correlations arising in such a scenario must violate the no-signaling principle and hence can be used to send classical information between parties. Here, we study the amount of information (...)
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  49. added 2016-01-16
    Ludovico Geymonat, Carlo Becchi, Enrico Bellone, Francesco Bertola, Giovanni Boniolo, Umberto Bottazzini, Salvatore Califano, Mauro Ceruti, Gilberto Corbellini, Roberto Cordeschi, Alessandra Gliozzi, Felice Ippolito, Gabriele Lolli, Alberto Oliverio, Bianca Oscurati & Corrado Mangione (1996). Storia del Pensiero Filosofico e Scientifico - 8° vol. Garzanti.
  50. added 2016-01-15
    Frank Arntzenius & Cian Dorr (forthcoming). Self-Locating Priors and Cosmological Measures. In Khalil Chamcham, John Barrow, Simon Saunders & Joe Silk (eds.), The Philosophy of Cosmology. Cambridge University Press
    We develop a Bayesian framework for thinking about the way evidence about the here and now can bear on hypotheses about the qualitative character of the world as a whole, including hypotheses according to which the total population of the world is infinite. We show how this framework makes sense of the practice cosmologists have recently adopted in their reasoning about such hypotheses.
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