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Philosophy of Physical Science

Edited by Hans Halvorson (Princeton University)
Assistant editor: Joshua Luczak (University of Western Ontario, Georgetown University)
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  1. added 2016-05-03
    Anna Szyrwińska (2015). Relacja między nauką o logicznych możliwościach a zasadą zachowania energii. Rola badań Huygensa i Leibniza dla nowożytnej refleksji nad wolnością woli. IDEA – Studia Nad Strukturą I Rozwojem Pojęć Filozoficznych:191-202.
    The article investigates the relationship between Leibniz’s and Huygens’ theory of possibility and the principle of conservation of energy. It assumes that their criticisms of Cartesian views concerning those questions as well as their own achievements contributed to the formation of a new metaphysical basis for modern discussions on the freedom of the will. There are especially two problems whose role is crucial in this context, namely the question of God’s knowledge of the future conditionals (contingentia futura) and the mind-body (...)
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  2. added 2016-04-29
    Michel Gondran & Alexandre Gondran (forthcoming). Replacing the Singlet Spinor of the EPR-B Experiment in the Configuration Space with Two Single-Particle Spinors in Physical Space. Foundations of Physics:1-18.
    Recently, for spinless non-relativistic particles, Norsen and Norsen et al. show that in the de Broglie–Bohm interpretation it is possible to replace the wave function in the configuration space by single-particle wave functions in physical space. In this paper, we show that this replacment of the wave function in the configuration space by single-particle functions in the 3D-space is also possible for particles with spin, in particular for the particles of the EPR-B experiment, the Bohm version of the Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen experiment.
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  3. added 2016-04-28
    Anna Szyrwińska (2014). Z badań nad filozofią Kanta w Szkole Lwowsko-Warszawskiej: Hersz Bad o teorii Kanta-Laplace’a. Studia Z Historii Filozofii 3:145-161.
    Hersz Bad (1869–1942) was Kazimierz Twardowski’s student and belonged to the first generation of the Lvov-Warsaw School members. He specialized in the history of philosophy and led a number of remarkable analyses concerning Kant’s philosophy. At the example of his work one may see, how the methodological postulates of the Lvov Warsaw School were fulfilled at the field of historical philosophical investigations. The goal of the paper is to present Bad’s main achievements and to evaluate their meaning from the point (...)
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  4. added 2016-04-26
    J. H. Holland (1995). Hidden Order: How Adaptation Builds Complexity. Addison Wesley.
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  5. added 2016-04-26
    A. Beckermann, H. Flohr & Jaegwon Kim (eds.) (1992). Emergence or Reduction? Essays on the Prospect of Nonreductive Physicalism. De Gruyter.
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  6. added 2016-04-26
    H. Haken (1983). Synergetics, an Introduction: Nonequilibrium Phase Transitions and SelfOrganization in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. Springer.
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  7. added 2016-04-26
    H. Von Foerster & G. W. Zopf Jr, (eds.) (1962). Principles of Self-Organization: Transactions of the University of Illinois Symposium. Pergamon.
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  8. added 2016-04-25
    Nicholas W. Best (2016). What Was Revolutionary About the Chemical Revolution? In Eric Scerri & Grant Fisher (eds.), Essays in the Philosophy of Chemistry. Oxford University Press 37-59.
    Lavoisier and his allies should be regarded as philosophers of chemistry, for they took it upon themselves to carry out a scientific revolution. Inspired by enlightenment philosophy, they introduced new assumptions, apparatus and methods of experimentation. They provided a linguistic framework that would ensure These reforms, as much as any theoretical changes, are what make this period revolutionary. Moreover, by reading these scientists as philosophers of chemistry, we see that the Chemical Revolution was in many ways more revolutionary than Thomas (...)
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  9. added 2016-04-23
    David Ellerman, On Classical and Quantum Logical Entropy.
    The notion of a partition on a set is mathematically dual to the notion of a subset of a set, so there is a logic of partitions dual to Boole's logic of subsets (Boolean logic is usually mis-specified as "propositional" logic). The notion of an element of a subset has as its dual the notion of a distinction of a partition (a pair of elements in different blocks). Boole developed finite logical probability as the normalized counting measure on elements of (...)
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  10. added 2016-04-21
    Matthew A. Benton, John Hawthorne & Dani Rabinowitz (eds.) (forthcoming). Knowledge, Belief, and God: New Insights in Religious Epistemology. Oxford University Press.
    A collection of 16 new essays in the epistemology of religion, broadly construed. Includes work from historical perspectives (the medieval period; Hume; Scotus; Maimonides); in social epistemology (on testimony, disagreement, and expertise); formal epistemology (especially fine-tuning and many-worlds hypotheses); and rationality considerations (practical factors, modal arguments, phenomenal conservatism). -/- Contributors: Charity Anderson, Richard Cross, Billy Dunaway, Dani Rabinowitz, Isaac Choi, Hans Halvorson, John Hawthorne & Yoaav Isaacs, Roger White, Max Baker-Hytch, Rachel Elizabeth Fraser, Jennifer Lackey, Paulina Sliwa, Matthew Benton, Keith (...)
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  11. added 2016-04-19
    A. F. Bennett (forthcoming). Duffin–Kemmer–Petiau Particles Are Bosons. Foundations of Physics:1-19.
    The parametrized Duffin–Kemmer–Petiau wave equation is formulated for many relativistic particles of spin-0 or spin-1. The first-quantized formulation lacks the fields of creation and annihilation operators which satisfy commutation relations subject to causality conditions, and which are essential to the Quantum Field Theoretic proof of the spin-statistics connection. It is instead proved that the wavefunctions for identical particles must be symmetric by extension of the nonrelativistic argument of Jabs. The causal commutators of Quantum Field Theory restrict entanglement to separations of (...)
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  12. added 2016-04-17
    Andrew Holster, Irreversibility of Classical Mechanics.
    A simple classical mechanical system, consisting of an idealised classical gas in a simple container designed with some reflective barriers in place, is analysed, and shown to give rise to a surprising irreversible behaviour. The behaviour may appear strange to our physical intuition to start with; but more, it appears positively paradoxical, because classical mechanics is supposed to be time symmetric or reversible. The time reversal of any possible mechanical process in this system is also a possible mechanical process. And (...)
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  13. added 2016-04-14
    Domagoj Kuić (forthcoming). Predictive Statistical Mechanics and Macroscopic Time Evolution: Hydrodynamics and Entropy Production. Foundations of Physics:1-24.
    In the previous papers, it was demonstrated that applying the principle of maximum information entropy by maximizing the conditional information entropy, subject to the constraint given by the Liouville equation averaged over the phase space, leads to a definition of the rate of entropy change for closed Hamiltonian systems without any additional assumptions. Here, we generalize this basic model and, with the introduction of the additional constraints which are equivalent to the hydrodynamic continuity equations, show that the results obtained are (...)
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  14. added 2016-04-12
    Fredrik Andersen & Jonas R. Becker Arenhart (2016). Metaphysics Within Science: Against Radical Naturalism. Metaphilosophy 47 (2):159-180.
    In Every Thing Must Go James Ladyman and Don Ross argue for a radical version of naturalistic metaphysics and propose that contemporary analytic metaphysics is detached from science and should be discontinued. The present article addresses the issues of whether science and metaphysics are separable, intuitions and understanding should be excluded from scientific theory, and Ontic Structural Realism satisfies the criteria of the radical version of naturalism advanced by Ladyman and Ross. The point underlying those topics is that successful scientific (...)
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  15. added 2016-04-10
    H. G. Callaway (forthcoming). Fundamental Physics, Partial Models and Time’s Arrow. In L. Magnani (ed.), Proceedings of MBR2015. Springer
    This paper explores the scientific viability of the concept of causality—by questioning a central element of the distinction between “fundamental” and non-fundamental physics. It will be argued that the prevalent emphasis on fundamental physics involves formalistic and idealized partial models of physical regularities abstracting from and idealizing the causal evolution of physical systems. The accepted roles of partial models and of the special sciences in the growth of knowledge help demonstrate proper limitations of the concept of fundamental physics. We expect (...)
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  16. added 2016-04-08
    Sheng Sun & Jianhui Li (2016). No-Boundary Emergence and Book of Change. BIOCOSMOLOGY – NEO-ARISTOTELISM 6 (1):102-120.
    This work attempts to respond to Tomas Aquinas' Cosmological Argument in a way that combines Set Theory with the idea of the ‘Book of Change’. The study defines the ith Cause Set on which to operate on, which leads to the ontological commitment of austerity that the ‘First Cause's Compromise with emergence’ cannot be avoided. It is argued in the present paper that the concept that ‘emergence only consists of Synchronic Emergence and Diachronic Emergence’ should be extended to a broader (...)
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  17. added 2016-04-07
    Jon Lawhead, Self-Organization, Emergence, and Constraint in Complex Natural Systems.
    Contemporary complexity theory has been instrumental in providing novel rigorous definitions for some classic philosophical concepts, including emergence. In an attempt to provide an account of emergence that is consistent with complexity and dynamical systems theory, several authors have turned to the notion of constraints on state transitions. Drawing on complexity theory directly, this paper builds on those accounts, further developing the constraint-based interpretation of emergence and arguing that such accounts recover many of the features of more traditional accounts. We (...)
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  18. added 2016-04-07
    Gordon Belot (forthcoming). Undermined. Australasian Journal of Philosophy:1-11.
    A popular strategy for understanding the probabilities that arise in physics is to interpret them via reductionist accounts of chance—indeed, it is sometimes claimed that such accounts are uniquely well-suited to make sense of the probabilities in classical statistical mechanics. Here it is argued that reductionist accounts of chance carry a steep but unappreciated cost: when applied to physical theories of the relevant type, they inevitably distort the relations of probability that they take as input.
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  19. added 2016-04-07
    Jon Lawhead (2014). Lightning in a Bottle: Complexity, Chaos, and Computation in Climate Science. Dissertation, Columbia University
    Climatology is a paradigmatic complex systems science. Understanding the global climate involves tackling problems in physics, chemistry, economics, and many other disciplines. I argue that complex systems like the global climate are characterized by certain dynamical features that explain how those systems change over time. A complex system's dynamics are shaped by the interaction of many different components operating at many different temporal and spatial scales. Examining the multidisciplinary and holistic methods of climatology can help us better (...)
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  20. added 2016-04-07
    Jon Lawhead (2012). Getting Fundamental About Doing Physics in The Big Bang. In Dean Kowalski (ed.), The Big Bang Theory and Philosophy. Blackwell 99-111.
  21. added 2016-04-06
    Ulrich Mohrhoff (2016). The Quantum Mechanics of Being and Its Manifestation. Cosmology 24.
    How can quantum mechanics be (i) the fundamental theoretical framework of contemporary physics and (ii) a probability calculus that presupposes the events to which, and on the basis of which, it assigns probabilities? The question is answered without invoking knowledge or observers, by interpreting the necessary distinction between two kinds of physical quantities - unconditionally definite quantities and quantities that have values only if they are measured - as a distinction between the manifested world and its manifestation.(The arXived version contains (...)
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  22. added 2016-04-05
    Christopher Gregory Weaver (forthcoming). On the Carroll-Chen Model. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie.
    I argue that the Carroll-Chen cosmogonic model does not provide a plausible scientific explanation of the past hypothesis (the thesis that our universe began in an extremely low-entropy state). I suggest that this counts as a welcomed result for those who adopt a Mill-Ramsey-Lewis best systems account of laws and maintain that the past hypothesis is a brute fact that is a non-dynamical law.
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  23. added 2016-04-04
    Roman Sverdlov (forthcoming). How Mensky’s Continuous Measurement Can Emerge From GRW on Larger Time Scales. Foundations of Physics:1-11.
    In this paper we will show how “weighted path integral” proposed by Mensky and Kent can emerge out of Ghirardi Rimini Weber model.
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  24. added 2016-04-04
    Eyal Heifetz, Roumen Tsekov, Eliahu Cohen & Zohar Nussinov (forthcoming). On Entropy Production in the Madelung Fluid and the Role of Bohm’s Potential in Classical Diffusion. Foundations of Physics:1-10.
    The Madelung equations map the non-relativistic time-dependent Schrödinger equation into hydrodynamic equations of a virtual fluid. While the von Neumann entropy remains constant, we demonstrate that an increase of the Shannon entropy, associated with this Madelung fluid, is proportional to the expectation value of its velocity divergence. Hence, the Shannon entropy may grow due to an expansion of the Madelung fluid. These effects result from the interference between solutions of the Schrödinger equation. Growth of the Shannon entropy due to expansion (...)
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  25. added 2016-04-04
    Andrei Khrennikov (forthcoming). Reflections on Zeilinger–Brukner Information Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics. Foundations of Physics:1-9.
    In this short review I present my personal reflections on Zeilinger–Brukner information interpretation of quantum mechanics.In general, this interpretation is very attractive for me. However, its rigid coupling to the notion of irreducible quantum randomness is a very complicated issue which I plan to address in more detail. This note may be useful for general public interested in quantum foundations, especially because I try to analyze essentials of the information interpretation critically. This review is written in non-physicist friendly manner. Experts (...)
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  26. added 2016-04-04
    Aleksey V. Ilyin (forthcoming). The Born Rule and Time-Reversal Symmetry of Quantum Equations of Motion. Foundations of Physics:1-7.
    It was repeatedly underlined in literature that quantum mechanics cannot be considered a closed theory if the Born Rule is postulated rather than derived from the first principles. In this work the Born Rule is derived from the time-reversal symmetry of quantum equations of motion. The derivation is based on a simple functional equation that takes into account properties of probability, as well as the linearity and time-reversal symmetry of quantum equations of motion. The derivation presented (...)
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  27. added 2016-03-31
    Florian Boge, Ψ-Epistemic Models, Einsteinian Intuitions, and No-Gos. A Critical Study of Recent Developments on the Quantum State.
    Quantum mechanics notoriously faces the measurement problem, the problem that if read thoroughly, it implies the nonexistence of definite outcomes in measurement procedures. A plausible reaction to this and to related problems is to regard a system's quantum state |ψ> merely as an indication of our lack of knowledge about the system, i.e., to interpret it epistemically. However, there are radically different ways to spell out such an epistemic view of the quantum state. We here investigate recent developments in the (...)
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  28. added 2016-03-30
    Valeriy I. Sbitnev (forthcoming). Hydrodynamics of the Physical Vacuum: II. Vorticity Dynamics. Foundations of Physics:1-15.
    Physical vacuum is a special superfluid medium populated by enormous amount of virtual particle-antiparticle pairs. Its motion is described by the modified Navier–Stokes equation: the pressure gradient divided by the mass density is replaced by the gradient from the quantum potential; time-averaged the viscosity vanishes, but its variance is not zero. Vortex structures arising in this medium show infinitely long lifetime owing to zero average viscosity. The nonzero variance is conditioned by exchanging the vortex energy with zero-point vacuum fluctuations. (...)
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  29. added 2016-03-29
    Alan Macdonald (2005). Comment On: “The Role of Dynamics in the Synchronization Problem”, by Hans C. Ohanian. American Journal of Physics 73 (2).
    Hans C. Ohanian 1 claims to “defeat” the conventionalist thesis of clock synchronization using an argument based on dynamics. My aim here is to show that his argument does not succeed.
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  30. added 2016-03-29
    Alan Macdonald (1992). On the Marzke-Wheeler and Desloge Constructions. Foundations Of Physics Letters 3:493.
    There is no indication of time dilation of clocks or of length contraction of rods in Marzke and Wheeler's clock or in Desloge's metrosphere.
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  31. added 2016-03-26
    Reinoud Jan Slagter & Supriya Pan (forthcoming). A New Fate of a Warped 5D FLRW Model with a U Scalar Gauge Field. Foundations of Physics:1-15.
    If we live on the weak brane with zero effective cosmological constant in a warped 5D bulk spacetime, gravitational waves and brane fluctuations can be generated by a part of the 5D Weyl tensor and carries information of the gravitational field outside the brane. We consider on a cylindrical symmetric warped FLRW background a U self-gravitating scalar field coupled to a gauge field without bulk matter. It turns out that brane fluctuations can be formed dynamically, due to the modified energy–momentum (...)
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  32. added 2016-03-26
    Giuseppe Iurato & Giuseppe Ruta (2016). On the Role of Virtual Work in Levi-Civita’s Parallel Transport. Archive for History of Exact Sciences 70:1-13 (provisional).
    The current literature on history of science reports that Levi-Civita’s parallel transport was motivated by his attempt to provide the covariant derivative of the absolute differential calculus with a geometrical interpretation (For instance, see Scholz in ''The intersection of history and mathematics'', Birkhäuser, Basel, pp 203-230, 1994, Sect. 4). Levi-Civita’s memoir on the subject was explicitly aimed at simplifying the geometrical computation of the curvature of a Riemannian manifold. In the present paper, we wish to point out the possible role (...)
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  33. added 2016-03-25
    Grant Fisher (forthcoming). Diagnostics in Computational Organic Chemistry. Foundations of Chemistry:1-22.
    Focusing on computational studies of pericyclic reactions from the late twentieth century into the twenty-first century, this paper argues that computational diagnostics is a key methodological development that characterize the management and coordination of plural approximation methods in computational organic chemistry. Predictive divergence between semi-empirical and ab initio approximation methods in the study of pericyclic reactions has issued in epistemic dissent. This has resulted in the use of diagnostics to unpack computational greyboxes in order to critically assess the effect of (...)
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  34. added 2016-03-23
    Ran Ber & Erez Zohar (forthcoming). Remote State Preparation for Quantum Fields. Foundations of Physics:1-11.
    Remote state preparation is generation of a desired state by a remote observer. In spite of causality, it is well known, according to the Reeh–Schlieder theorem, that it is possible for relativistic quantum field theories, and a “physical” process achieving this task, involving superoscillatory functions, has recently been introduced. In this work we deal with non-relativistic fields, and show that remote state preparation is also possible for them, hence obtaining a Reeh–Schlieder-like result for general fields. Interestingly, in the (...)
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  35. added 2016-03-22
    S. Boccaletti, V. Latora, Y. Moreno, M. Chavez & D. U. Hwang (2006). Complex Networks: Structure and Dynamics. Physics Reports 424:175–308.
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  36. added 2016-03-21
    G. Cowan, D. Pines & D. Elliott Meitzer (eds.) (1994). Complexity: Metaphors, Models, and Reality. Addison-Wesley.
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  37. added 2016-03-21
    C. Dyke (1988). The Evolutionary Dynamics of Complex Systems. Oxford U.P..
  38. added 2016-03-19
    Hervé Zwirn (forthcoming). The Measurement Problem: Decoherence and Convivial Solipsism. Foundations of Physics:1-33.
    The problem of measurement is often considered an inconsistency inside the quantum formalism. Many attempts to solve it have been made since the inception of quantum mechanics. The form of these attempts depends on the philosophical position that their authors endorse. I will review some of them and analyze their relevance. The phenomenon of decoherence is often presented as a solution lying inside the pure quantum formalism and not demanding any particular philosophical assumption. Nevertheless, a widely debated question is to (...)
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  39. added 2016-03-18
    Yu A. Khlestkov & L. A. Sukhanova (forthcoming). Exact Solutions to the Einstein–Maxwell Equations Describing Wormholes and Handles. Foundations of Physics:1-21.
    On the basis of the exact solutions to the non-stationary spherically symmetric Einstein and Maxwell equations for dust matter and radial electromagnetic field, a model of a wormhole with the pulsating in time inner world and two static throats has been developed. It has been shown that such a wormhole with an arbitrary radius of the Gaussian curvature can connect both two different asymptotically flat space-times and two regions of the selfsame space-time. The problem of the fulfilment of the (...)
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  40. added 2016-03-16
    Thomas Boyer-Kassem (2015). Les interprétations de la mécanique quantique : une vue d'ensemble introductive. Implications Philosophiques.
    La mécanique quantique est une théorie physique contemporaine réputée pour ses défis au sens commun et ses paradoxes. Depuis bientôt un siècle, plusieurs interprétations de la théorie ont été proposées par les physiciens et les philosophes, offrant des images quantiques du monde, ou des métaphysiques, radicalement différentes. L'existence d'un hasard fondamental, ou d'une multitude de mondes en-dehors du nôtre, dépend ainsi de l'interprétation adoptée. Cet article, en s'appuyant sur le livre Boyer-Kassem (2015), Qu'est-ce que la mécanique quantique ?, présente trois (...)
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  41. added 2016-03-16
    Matthew J. Brown (2014). Quantum Frames. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 45:1-10.
    The framework of quantum frames can help unravel some of the interpretive difficulties i the foundation of quantum mechanics. In this paper, I begin by tracing the origins of this concept in Bohr's discussion of quantum theory and his theory of complementarity. Engaging with various interpreters and followers of Bohr, I argue that the correct account of quantum frames must be extended beyond literal space–time reference frames to frames defined by relations between a quantum system (...)
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  42. added 2016-03-15
    Ulrich J. Mohrhoff (forthcoming). Quantum Mechanics in a New Light. Foundations of Science:1-21.
    Although the present paper looks upon the formal apparatus of quantum mechanics as a calculus of correlations, it goes beyond a purely operationalist interpretation. Having established the consistency of the correlations with the existence of their correlata, and having justified the distinction between a domain in which outcome-indicating events occur and a domain whose properties only exist if their existence is indicated by such events, it explains the difference between the two domains as essentially the difference between the manifested world (...)
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  43. added 2016-03-15
    Mariusz Stanowski (2011). Abstract Complexity Definition. Complicity: An International Journal of Complexity and Education (2).
    The complexity definition has appeared during analysis of visual structures perception. The binary model of visual impacts finding was essential here for a possibility of the general (abstract) research. The Abstract Complexity Definition is one of the research results. The definition meets intuitive complexity criterion and could be a common surface for all existing definitins of complexity.
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  44. added 2016-03-14
    Kimberly K. Boddy, Sean M. Carroll & Jason Pollack (forthcoming). De Sitter Space Without Dynamical Quantum Fluctuations. Foundations of Physics:1-34.
    We argue that, under certain plausible assumptions, de Sitter space settles into a quiescent vacuum in which there are no dynamical quantum fluctuations. Such fluctuations require either an evolving microstate, or time-dependent histories of out-of-equilibrium recording devices, which we argue are absent in stationary states. For a massive scalar field in a fixed de Sitter background, the cosmic no-hair theorem implies that the state of the patch approaches the vacuum, where there are no fluctuations. We argue that an analogous conclusion (...)
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  45. added 2016-03-09
    Gabino Torres-Vega (forthcoming). Universal Raising and Lowering Operators for a Discrete Energy Spectrum. Foundations of Physics:1-13.
    We consider the first-order finite-difference expression of the commutator between d / dx and x. This is the appropriate setting in which to propose commutators and time operators for a quantum system with an arbitrary potential function and a discrete energy spectrum. The resulting commutators are identified as universal lowering and raising operators. We also find time operators which are finite-difference derivations with respect to the energy. The matrix elements of the commutator in the energy representation are analyzed, and we (...)
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  46. added 2016-03-03
    Mark Weinstein (forthcoming). The Periodic Table and the Model of Emerging Truth. Foundations of Chemistry:1-18.
    The periodic table may be seen as the most successful example of inquiry in the history of science, both in terms of practical application and theoretic understanding. As such, it serves as a model for truth as it emerges from inquiry. This paper offers a sketch of a central moment in the history of chemistry that illustrates an intuitive metamathematical construction, a model of emerging truth. The MET, reflecting the structure the surrounds the periodic table, attempts to capture (...)
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  47. added 2016-03-03
    Sebastian Fortin, Olimpia Lombardi & Juan Camilo Martínez González (forthcoming). Isomerism and Decoherence. Foundations of Chemistry:1-16.
    In the present paper we address the problem of optical isomerism embodied in the socalled “Hund’s paradox”, which points to the difficulty to account for chirality by means of quantum mechanics. In particular, we explain the answer to the problem proposed by the theory of decoherence. The purpose of this article is to challenge this answer on the basis of a conceptual analysis of the phenomenon of decoherence, that reveals the limitations of the theory of decoherence to solve the difficulties (...)
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  48. added 2016-03-03
    Valia Allori (2009). La storia del gatto che era sia vivo che morto. In Enrico Giannetto (ed.), Da Archimede a Majorana: la fisica nel suo divenire. Guaraldi 273-283.
    Questa è la breve storia , forse un poco romanzata, del gatto che, se non forse il più citato, è di sicuro il più bistrattato della storia della fisica e della filosofia: il gatto di Schrödinger.
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  49. added 2016-03-03
    Valia Allori & Nino Zanghi (2007). Ontologie quantistiche di particelle, campi e lampi. In Vincenzo Fano & Mauro Antonelli (eds.), "Strutture dello spazio tra fisica e psicologia" Teorie e Modelli XII, III. Pitagora 9-29.
    La meccanica quantistica è una delle più grandi conquiste intellettuali del xx secolo. Le sue leggiregolano il mondo atomico e subatomico e si riverberano su una miriade di fenomeni del mondomacroscopico, dalla formazione dei cristalli alla superconduttività, dalle proprietà dei fluidi a bassatemperatura agli spettri di emissione di una candela che brucia o di una supernova che esplode, daimeccanismi di combustione della fornace solare ai principi di base delle nanotecnologie. Non c’èquasi nulla nel mondo che ci circonda su cui non (...)
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  50. added 2016-03-03
    Valia Allori & Nino Zanghi (2007). E' completa la descrizione della realta' fisica fornita dalla meccanica quantistica? Il Protagora 9:163-180.
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