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Philosophy of Physical Science

Edited by Hans Halvorson (Princeton University)
Assistant editor: Joshua Luczak (University of Western Ontario, Georgetown University)
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  1. added 2016-02-11
    Amihud Gilead (forthcoming). Eka-Elements as Chemical Pure Possibilities. Foundations of Chemistry:1-12.
    From Mendeleev’s time on, the Periodic Table has been an attempt to exhaust all the chemical possibilities of the elements and their interactions, whether these elements are known as actual or are not known yet as such. These latter elements are called “eka-elements” and there are still some of them in the current state of the Table. There is no guarantee that they will be eventually discovered, synthesized, or isolated as actual. As long as the actual existence of eka-elements is (...)
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  2. added 2016-02-11
    David Pouvreau (2007). On the History of Ludwig von Bertalanffy's “General Systemology”, and on its Relationship to Cybernetics. International Journal of General Systems 36 (3).
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  3. added 2016-02-11
    John Horgan (1995). From Complexity to Perplexity. Scientific American.
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  4. added 2016-02-11
    W. Ross Ashby (1962). Principles of the Self-Organizing System. In H. Von Foerster & Zopf Jr (eds.), Principles of Self-Organization: Transactions of the University of Illinois Symposium. Pergamon 255–278.
  5. added 2016-02-10
    Marcoen J. T. F. Cabbolet, Relativity of Spatiotemporal Characteristics of Inertial Motion in the Universe of the Elementary Process Theory.
    The main issues with the Elementary Process Theory (EPT), a scheme of seven well-formed formulas with a speculative physical interpretation as elementary principles that govern the supersmall scale, are (i) that it has been developed from an unproven hypothesis (repulsive gravity), and (ii) that there is no proof that it corresponds to existing theories. While the unproven hypothesis is de facto being tested at CERN and at the PSI, the purpose of this paper is to show that the EPT corresponds (...)
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  6. added 2016-02-10
    Kari Theurer (2014). Complexity-Based Theories of Emergence: Criticisms and Contraints. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 28 (3).
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  7. added 2016-02-10
    Charles H. Lineweaver, Paul C. W. Davies & Michael Ruse (eds.) (2013). Complexity and the Arrow of Time. Cambridge U.P..
  8. added 2016-02-10
    Lena C. Zuchowski (2012). Disentangling Complexity From Randomness and Chaos. Entropy 14 (117–212).
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  9. added 2016-02-10
    Peter Smith (2011). Explaining Chaos. Cambridge University Press.
    Chaotic dynamics has been hailed as the third great scientific revolution in physics this century, comparable to relativity and quantum mechanics. In this book, Peter Smith takes a cool, critical look at such claims. He cuts through the hype and rhetoric by explaining some of the basic mathematical ideas in a clear and accessible way, and by carefully discussing the methodological issues which arise. In particular, he explores the new kinds of explanation of empirical phenomena which modern dynamics can (...)
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  10. added 2016-02-10
    David Aubin & Amy Dalmedico (2002). Writing the History of Dynamics Systems and Chaos: Longue Durée and Revolution, Disciplines and Cultures. Historia Mathematica 29:1–67.
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  11. added 2016-02-10
    Seth Lloyd (2001). Measures of Complexity. Control Systems Magazine 21 (4).
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  12. added 2016-02-10
    David Aubin (1998). A Cultural History of Catastrophes and Chaos: Around the Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques. Princeton.
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  13. added 2016-02-10
    Paolo Rossi (ed.) (1988). Storia della Scienza. Utet.
  14. added 2016-02-10
    Rolf Landauer (1988). A Simple Measure of Complexity. Nature 336.
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  15. added 2016-02-10
    Paolo Rossi (ed.) (1988). Storia della Scienza. Utet.
  16. added 2016-02-10
    J. Guckenheimer (1978). The Catastrophe Controversy. The Mathematical Intelligencer 1.
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  17. added 2016-02-10
    Herbert A. Simon (1962). The Architecture of Complexity. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 106.
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  18. added 2016-02-10
    Warren Weaver (1948). Science and Complexity. American Scientist 36 (536–544).
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  19. added 2016-02-09
    Antonio Vassallo & Pui Him Ip (forthcoming). On the Conceptual Issues Surrounding the Notion of Relational Bohmian Dynamics. Foundations of Physics.
    The paper presents a program to construct a non-relativistic relational Bohmian theory, that is, a theory of N moving point-like particles that dispenses with space and time as fundamental background structures. The relational program proposed is based on the best-matching framework originally developed by Julian Barbour. In particular, the paper focuses on the conceptual problems that arise when trying to implement such a program. It is argued that pursuing a relational strategy in the Bohmian context leads to a more parsimonious (...)
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  20. added 2016-02-09
    David C. Lush (forthcoming). Does Bohm’s Quantum Force Have a Classical Origin? Foundations of Physics:1-16.
    In the de Broglie–Bohm formulation of quantum mechanics, the electron is stationary in the ground state of hydrogenic atoms, because the quantum force exactly cancels the Coulomb attraction of the electron to the nucleus. In this paper it is shown that classical electrodynamics similarly predicts the Coulomb force can be effectively canceled by part of the magnetic force that occurs between two similar particles each consisting of a point charge moving with circulatory motion at the speed of light. Supposition of (...)
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  21. added 2016-02-09
    Antonio Vassallo & Pui Him Ip (forthcoming). On the Conceptual Issues Surrounding the Notion of Relational Bohmian Dynamics. Foundations of Physics.
    The paper presents a program to construct a non-relativistic relational Bohmian theory, that is, a theory of N moving point-like particles that dispenses with space and time as fundamental background structures. The relational program proposed is based on the best-matching framework originally developed by Julian Barbour. In particular, the paper focuses on the conceptual problems that arise when trying to implement such a program. It is argued that pursuing a relational strategy in the Bohmian context leads to a more parsimonious (...)
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  22. added 2016-02-09
    Ludovico Geymonat (1971). Federigo Enriques e la storia della scienza. In Atti del Convegno internazionale sul tema Storia, pedagogia e filosofia della scienza, a celebrazione del centenario della nascita di Federigo Enriques (Pisa, Bologna e Roma, 7-12 ottobre 1971). Accademia Nazionale Dei Lincei, 1973
  23. added 2016-02-08
    Gilbert B. Côté, The Philosophical Implications of the Loophole-Free Violation of Bell’s Inequality: Quantum Entanglement, Timelessness, Triple-Aspect Monism, Mathematical Platonism and Scientific Morality.
    The demonstration of a loophole-free violation of Bell's inequality by Hensen et al. (2015) leads to the inescapable conclusion that timelessness and abstractness exist alongside space-time. This finding is in full agreement with the triple-aspect monism of reality, with mathematical Platonism, free will and the eventual emergence of a scientific morality.
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  24. added 2016-02-08
    Michele Ginammi (2016). Avoiding Reification: Heuristic Effectiveness of Mathematics and the Prediction of the Omega Minus Particle. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 53:20-27.
    According to Steiner (1998), in contemporary physics new important discoveries are often obtained by means of strategies which rely on purely formal mathematical considerations. In such discoveries, mathematics seems to have a peculiar and controversial role, which apparently cannot be accounted for by means of standard methodological criteria. M. Gell-Mann and Y. Ne׳eman׳s prediction of the Ω− particle is usually considered a typical example of application of this kind of strategy. According to Bangu (2008), this prediction is apparently based on (...)
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  25. added 2016-02-08
    V. Sreesankar (2016). THE ELEMENT HYDROGEN:ENERGY-ENERGY EQQUIVALENCE. RESEARCH JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL SCIENCES 4 (1):1-3.
    Hydrogen, an atom composed of a single proton and electron, is the fundamental and most abundant element in the universe. Hydrogen composes approximately 90% of the visible universe. As we all know there are different types of energies linked with proton –electron system due to the fundamental forces in any atom such as Kinetic energy, Electrostatic energy,Gravitational energy etc. In quantum framework, Gravity is a very weak force and it’s equivalence with other forces were once thought impossible. I strongly believe (...)
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  26. added 2016-02-08
    David Albert (1996). Elementary Quantum Metaphysics. In J. T. Cushing, Arthur Fine & Sheldon Goldstein (eds.), Bohmian Mechanics and Quantum theory: An Appraisal. Kluwer 277-284.
    Once upon a time, the twentieth-century investigations of the behaviors of sub-atomic particles were thought to have established that there can be no such thing as an objective, observer-independent, scientifically realist, empirically adequate picture of the physical world.
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  27. added 2016-02-08
    Paolo Rossi, Fernardo Abbri, Enrico Bellone, Walter Bernardi, Umberto Bottazzini, Bernardino Fantini, Antonello La Vergata, Stefania Nicasi, Stefano Poggi, Mario Rossi Monti & Eugenio Torracca (eds.) (1988). Storia della Scienza - voll. 1-8. Utet.
  28. added 2016-02-08
    Paolo Rossi, Fernardo Abbri, Enrico Bellone, Walter Bernardi, Umberto Bottazzini, Bernardino Fantini, Antonello La Vergata, Stefania Nicasi, Stefano Poggi, Mario Rossi Monti & Eugenio Torracca (eds.) (1988). Storia della Scienza - voll. 1-8. Utet.
  29. added 2016-02-08
    Paolo Rossi (ed.) (1988). Storia della Scienza - voll. 1-8. Utet.
  30. added 2016-02-08
    Paolo Rossi, Fernardo Abbri, Enrico Bellone, Walter Bernardi, Umberto Bottazzini, Bernardino Fantini, Antonello La Vergata, Stefania Nicasi, Stefano Poggi, Mario Rossi Monti & Eugenio Torracca (eds.) (1988). Storia della Scienza - voll. 1-8. Utet.
  31. added 2016-02-08
    Paolo Rossi (ed.) (1988). Storia della Scienza - voll.8. Utet.
  32. added 2016-02-08
    Ludovico Geymonat (1971). Federigo Enriques e la storia della scienza. Physis 3.
  33. added 2016-02-08
    Adriano Carugo & Ludovico Geymonat (eds.) (1958). Discorsi e dimostrazioni matematiche intorno a due nuove scienze (1638). Einaudi.
  34. added 2016-02-07
    Gabriel Vacariu & Mihai Vacariu (forthcoming). The Bibliography of the Book 'Dark Matter, Dark Energy and Other Pseudo-Notions in Cosmology) (2016). Datagroup.
    Bibliography of the book "Dark matter and dark energy, space and time, and other pseudo-notions in cosmology".
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  35. added 2016-02-07
    Luis H. Favela (2015). Understanding Cognition Via Complexity Science. Dissertation, University of Cincinnati
    Mechanistic frameworks of investigation and explanation dominate the cognitive, neural, and psychological sciences. In this dissertation, I argue that mechanistic frameworks cannot, in principle, explain some kinds of cognition. In its place, I argue that complexity science has methods and theories more appropriate for investigating and explaining some cognitive phenomena. -/- I begin with an examination of the term 'cognition.' I defend the idea that "cognition" has been a moving target of investigation in the relevant sciences. As such it is (...)
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  36. added 2016-02-07
    Luis H. Favela (2014). Radical Embodied Cognitive Neuroscience: Addressing “Grand Challenges” of the Mind Sciences. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8:01-10.
    It is becoming ever more accepted that investigations of mind span the brain, body, and environment. To broaden the scope of what is relevant in such investigations is to increase the amount of data scientists must reckon with. Thus, a major challenge facing scientists who study the mind is how to make big data intelligible both within and between fields. One way to face this challenge is to structure the data within a framework and to make it intelligible by means (...)
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  37. added 2016-02-07
    Marieke M. J. W. van Rooij, Luis H. Favela, MaryLauren Malone & Michael J. Richardson (2013). A Dynamical Model of Risky Choice. Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society 35:1510-1515.
    Individuals make decisions under uncertainty every day based on incomplete information concerning the potential outcome of the choice or chance levels. The choices individuals make often deviate from the rational or mathematically objective solution. Accordingly, the dynamics of human decision-making are difficult to capture using conventional, linear mathematical models. Here, we present data from a two-choice task with variable risk between sure loss and risky loss to illustrate how a simple nonlinear dynamical system can be employed to capture the dynamics (...)
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  38. added 2016-02-07
    Marieke M. J. W. van Rooij, Luis H. Favela, MaryLauren Malone & Michael J. Richardson (2013). Modeling the Dynamics of Risky Choice. Ecological Psychology 25:293-303.
    Individuals make decisions under uncertainty every day. Decisions are based on in- complete information concerning the potential outcome or the predicted likelihood with which events occur. In addition, individuals’ choices often deviate from the rational or mathematically objective solution. Accordingly, the dynamics of human decision making are difficult to capture using conventional, linear mathematical models. Here, we present data from a 2-choice task with variable risk between sure loss and risky loss to illustrate how a simple nonlinear dynamical system can (...)
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  39. added 2016-02-06
    Gabriel Vacariu & Mihai Vacariu (forthcoming). Dark Matter and Dark Energy, Space and Time, and Other Pseudo-Notions in Cosmology. [REVIEW] Datagroup.
    Content -/- Introduction -/- Chapter 1 Epistemologically different worlds 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Definitions 1.3 Propositions for non-living entities 1.4 Propositions for living entities and being 1.5 The hyperverse 1.6 “1 + 1 = 2”, a wrong statement? -/- Chapter 2 Space and time cannot even exist! 2.1 Leibniz versus Newton 2.2 Space and time, just illusions of human mind 2.3 Spacetime, Einstein’s special theory of relativity, nothing and EDWs -/- Chapter 3 Big Bang, inflation and gravitational waves 3.1 Big Bang (...)
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  40. added 2016-02-06
    Leslie E. Ballentine (forthcoming). Propensity, Probability, and Quantum Theory. Foundations of Physics:1-33.
    Quantum mechanics and probability theory share one peculiarity. Both have well established mathematical formalisms, yet both are subject to controversy about the meaning and interpretation of their basic concepts. Since probability plays a fundamental role in QM, the conceptual problems of one theory can affect the other. We first classify the interpretations of probability into three major classes: inferential probability, ensemble probability, and propensity. Class is the basis of inductive logic; deals with the frequencies of events in repeatable experiments; describes (...)
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  41. added 2016-02-06
    Gabriel Vacariu & Mihai Vacariu (forthcoming). Dark Matter and Dark Energy, Space and Time, and Other Pseudo-Notions in Cosmology. [REVIEW] Datagroup.
    Chapter 1 Epistemologically different worlds Chapter 2 Space and time cannot even exist! 2.1 Leibniz versus Newton 2.2 Space and time, just illusions of human mind 2.3 Spacetime, Einstein’s special theory of relativity, nothing and EDWs Chapter 3 Big Bang, inflation and gravitational waves 3.1 Big Bang and what was immediately after Big Bang: gravitational waves and inflation? 3.2 The results of BICEP2 (March 2014) about Big Bang, gravitational waves and inflation Chapter 4 Dark matter and dark energy 4.1 General (...)
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  42. added 2016-02-06
    Gabriel Vacariu & Mihai Vacariu (forthcoming). Dark Matter and Dark Energy, Space and Time, and Other Pseudo-Notions in Cosmology. [REVIEW] Datagroup.
    Content -/- Introduction -/- Chapter 1 Epistemologically different worlds 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Definitions 1.3 Propositions for non-living entities 1.4 Propositions for living entities and being 1.5 The hyperverse 1.6 “1 + 1 = 2”, a wrong statement? -/- Chapter 2 Space and time cannot even exist! 2.1 Leibniz versus Newton 2.2 Space and time, just illusions of human mind 2.3 Spacetime, Einstein’s special theory of relativity, nothing and EDWs -/- Chapter 3 Big Bang, inflation and gravitational waves 3.1 Big Bang (...)
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  43. added 2016-02-06
    Gabriel Vacariu & Mihai Vacariu (forthcoming). Dark Matter and Dark Energy, Space and Time, and Other Pseudo-Notions in Cosmology. Datagroup.
    Content -/- Chapter 1 Epistemologically different worlds Chapter 2 Space and time cannot even exist! 2.1 Leibniz versus Newton 2.2 Space and time, just illusions of human mind 2.3 Spacetime, Einstein’s special theory of relativity, nothing and EDWs Chapter 3 Big Bang, inflation and gravitational waves 3.1 Big Bang and what was immediately after Big Bang: gravitational waves and inflation? 3.2 The results of BICEP2 (March 2014) about Big Bang, gravitational waves and inflation Chapter 4 Dark matter and dark energy (...)
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  44. added 2016-02-06
    Gabriel Vacariu & Mihai Vacariu (forthcoming). Dark Matter and Dark Energy, Space and Time, and Other Pseudo-Notions in Cosmology. [REVIEW] Datagroup.
    Content -/- Chapter 1 Epistemologically different worlds Chapter 2 Space and time cannot even exist! 2.1 Leibniz versus Newton 2.2 Space and time, just illusions of human mind 2.3 Spacetime, Einstein’s special theory of relativity, nothing and EDWs Chapter 3 Big Bang, inflation and gravitational waves 3.1 Big Bang and what was immediately after Big Bang: gravitational waves and inflation? 3.2 The results of BICEP2 (March 2014) about Big Bang, gravitational waves and inflation Chapter 4 Dark matter and dark energy (...)
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  45. added 2016-02-05
    Christopher Buckels (forthcoming). Making Room for Particulars: Plato's Receptacle as Space Not Substratum. Apeiron.
    The ‘traditional’ interpretation of the Receptacle in Plato’s Timaeus maintains that its parts act as substrata to ordinary particulars such as dogs and tables: particulars are form-matter compounds to which Forms supply properties and the Receptacle supplies a substratum, as well as a space in which these compounds come to be. I argue, against this view, that parts of the Receptacle cannot act as substrata for those particulars. I also argue, making use of contemporary discussions of supersubstantivalism, against a substratum (...)
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  46. added 2016-02-05
    Gabriel Vacariu (2016). Die Relativität von „Welt“ Wie Pseudoprobleme in den Neurowissenschaften, der Psychologie Und der Quantenphysik Durch EDWs Zu Vermeiden Sind. Springer (asdasdasdf):afs.
    Das Buch liefert ein neues axiomatisch-hyperontologisches Framework zum Verständnis der „Welt“ und den Zugängen verschiedener Wissenschaften Zeigt Zusammenhang und Unterschiede bei den Grundbegriffen von Philososophie, Psychologie, Neurowissenschaft, Physik Beschreibt Theorieapplikationen in der Philosophie des Geistes, Neurowissenschaften, Psychologie, Allgemeiner und spezieller Relatitivitätstheorie sowie der Quantenmechanik.
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  47. added 2016-02-04
    Massimo Tessarotto & Claudio Cremaschini (forthcoming). Generalized Lagrangian-Path Representation of Non-Relativistic Quantum Mechanics. Foundations of Physics:1-40.
    In this paper a new trajectory-based representation to non-relativistic quantum mechanics is formulated. This is ahieved by generalizing the notion of Lagrangian path which lies at the heart of the deBroglie-Bohm “ pilot-wave” interpretation. In particular, it is shown that each LP can be replaced with a statistical ensemble formed by an infinite family of stochastic curves, referred to as generalized Lagrangian paths. This permits the introduction of a new parametric representation of the Schrödinger equation, denoted as GLP-parametrization, and of (...)
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  48. added 2016-02-04
    George B. Kauffman (2013). Richard P. Pohanish and Stanley A. Greene: Wiley Guide to Chemical Incompatibilities, 3rd Edn. Foundations of Chemistry 15 (1):117-117.
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  49. added 2016-02-04
    Valia Allori & Nino Zanghì (2009). On the Classical Limit of Quantum Mechanics. Foundations of Physics 39 (1):20-32.
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  50. added 2016-02-04
    Diego Julio Cirilo-Lombardo (2008). Non-Compact Groups, Coherent States, Relativistic Wave Equations and the Harmonic Oscillator. Foundations of Physics 38 (1):99-99.
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