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  1. Sumiyoshi Abe (2014). Fokker–Planck Theory of Nonequilibrium Systems Governed by Hierarchical Dynamics. Foundations of Physics 44 (2):175-182.
    Dynamics of complex systems is often hierarchically organized on different time scales. To understand the physics of such hierarchy, here Brownian motion of a particle moving through a fluctuating medium with slowly varying temperature is studied as an analytically tractable example, and a kinetic theory is formulated for describing the states of the particle. What is peculiar here is that the (inverse) temperature is treated as a dynamical variable. Dynamical hierarchy is introduced in conformity with the adiabatic scheme. Then, a (...)
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  2. M. Abraham (2007). Source Text 1912: On the Theory of Gravitation. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 250 (3):331.
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  3. Diederik Aerts (1998). The Entity and Modern Physics. In Elena Castellani (ed.), Interpreting Bodies. Princeton University Press. 223--257.
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  4. Evandro Agazzi (1980). Physics as Philosophy and as the Paradigm of Science. Epistemologia 3:135.
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  5. Ijr Aitchison (1991). As Time Went by, of Course, This Mechanical Ether Came to Seem Less and Less Necessary, or Plausible, and the Electromagnetic Field Emerged as a New, Non-Mechanical, Concept; its Vibrations Were Supposed Not to Require the Existence of Any Underlying Mechanical Contraption. Gravity Was Also Naturally Regarded as a Field Theory. A. [REVIEW] In Simon Saunders & Harvey R. Brown (eds.), The Philosophy of Vacuum. Oxford University Press. 159.
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  6. H. G. Alexander (1960). Physics and Philosophy. Philosophical Books 1 (1):7-9.
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  7. J. Alfaro (1988). Supersymmetric Derivation of the Master Field Equations. Scientia 52:289.
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  8. William P. Allis, Solomon J. Buchsbaum & Abraham Bers (2003). Waves in Anisotropic Plasmas. The Mit Press.
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  9. B. Ancker-Johnson (1965). Pe-19 Some Nonlinear Properties of Electron-Hole Plasmas Sustaining the Helical Instability II. In Karl W. Linsenmann (ed.), Proceedings. St. Louis, Lutheran Academy for Scholarship. 2--165.
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  10. Edward J. Anderson (2003). Magnetohydrodynamic Shock Waves. The Mit Press.
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  11. R. Anderson (1994). On an Early Application of the Concept of Momentum to Electromagnetic Phenomena: The Whewell-Faraday Interchange. Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science 25:577-594.
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  12. Ronald Anderson (1994). The Whewell-Faraday Exchange on the Application of the Concepts of Momentum and Inertia to Electromagnetic Phenomena. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 25 (4):577-594.
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  13. Hajnal Andréka, Judit Madarász X., István Németi & Gergely Székely (2008). Axiomatizing Relativistic Dynamics Without Conservation Postulates. Studia Logica 89 (2):163 - 186.
    A part of relativistic dynamics is axiomatized by simple and purely geometrical axioms formulated within first-order logic. A geometrical proof of the formula connecting relativistic and rest masses of bodies is presented, leading up to a geometric explanation of Einstein’s famous E = mc 2. The connection of our geometrical axioms and the usual axioms on the conservation of mass, momentum and four-momentum is also investigated.
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  14. Leonard Angel (2005). Evens and Odds in Newtonian Collision Mechanics. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 56 (1):179-188.
    can prevent non-contact interactions in Newtonian collision mechanics. The proposal is weakened by the apparent arbitrariness of what will be shown as the requirement of only an odd number of sets of some ex nihilo-created self-exciting particles. There is, however, an initial condition such that, without the ex nihilo self-exciting particles, either there is a contradictory outcome, or there is a non-contact configuration law, or there are odds versus evens indeterminacies. With the various odds versus evens arbitrarinesses and other such (...)
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  15. Carl Angell, Øystein Guttersrud, Ellen K. Henriksen & Anders Isnes (2004). Physics: Frightful, but Fun. Pupils' and Teachers' Views of Physics and Physics Teaching. Science Education 88 (5):683-706.
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  16. Walter Appel (2007). Mathematics for Physics and Physicists. Princeton University Press.
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  17. Theodore Arabatzis (1995). The Electron: A Biographical Sketch of a Theoretical Entity. Dissertation, Princeton University
    This dissertation reconstructs some aspects of the historical development of the concept of the electron from 1891, when the term "electron" was introduced, to 1925, when the notion of spin was put forward, in the light of the relevant historiographical and philosophical problems. The central historiographical tool employed is Karl Popper's notion of a problem situation. Furthermore, some of the historical episodes are reconstructed in terms of a "biographical" approach to theoretical entities that portrays them as active agents that participate (...)
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  18. A. Armenti & P. Havas (1971). A Class of Exact Solutions for the Motion of a Particle in a Monopole-Prolate Quadrupole Field. In Charles Goethe Kuper & Asher Peres (eds.), Relativity and Gravitation. New York,Gordon and Breach Science Publishers. 1--1.
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  19. Frank Arntzenius (1990). Physics and Common Causes. Synthese 82 (1):77 - 96.
    The common cause principle states that common causes produce correlations amongst their effects, but that common effects do not produce correlations amongst their causes. I claim that this principle, as explicated in terms of probabilistic relations, is false in classical statistical mechanics. Indeterminism in the form of stationary Markov processes rather than quantum mechanics is found to be a possible saviour of the principle. In addition I argue that if causation is to be explicated in terms of probabilities, then it (...)
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  20. R. A. Aronov (1999). The Theater of the Absurd: Does Modern Physics Need It? Filozofia 54 (2):103-113.
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  21. Richard T. W. Arthur (1982). Exacting a Philosophy of Becoming From Modern Physics. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 63 (2):101.
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  22. Giorgio A. Ascoli & Rebecca F. Goldin (1997). Coordinate Systems for Dendritic Spines: A Somatocentric Approach. Complexity 2 (4):40-48.
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  23. Maria L. Assad (2004). Chapter Two–Time and Uncertainty: A Metaphorical Equation. In Paul Harris & Michael Crawford (eds.), Time and Uncertainty. Brill. 11--19.
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  24. David Atkinson & Porter Johnson (2010). Nonconservation of Energy and Loss of Determinism II. Colliding with an Open Set. Foundations of Physics 40 (2):179-189.
    An actual infinity of colliding balls can be in a configuration in which the laws of mechanics lead to logical inconsistency. It is argued that one should therefore limit the domain of these laws to a finite, or only a potentially infinite number of elements. With this restriction indeterminism, energy nonconservation and creatio ex nihilo no longer occur. A numerical analysis of finite systems of colliding balls is given, and the asymptotic behaviour that corresponds to the potentially infinite system is (...)
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  25. Harald Atmanspacher, Observer-Dependence of Chaos Under Lorentz and Rindler Transformations.
    The behavior of Lyapunov exponents λ and dynamical entropies h, whose positivity characterizes chaotic motion, under Lorentz and Rindler transformations is studied. Under Lorentz transformations, λ and h are changed, but their positivity is preserved..
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  26. Z. Z. Aydm & A. U. Yilmazer (1993). Two-Body Dirac Equation Versus KDP Equation. Foundations of Physics 23 (5):837-840.
    A brief review of two-body Dirac and Kemmer-Duffin-Petiau approaches for the bound state problem of two fermions is presented from an algebraic point of view in a comparative manner. Reduction of the direct product of two Dirac spaces is discussed.
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  27. J. H. B. (1962). Concepts of Mass in Classical and Modern Physics. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 16 (1):165-166.
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  28. J. H. B. (1961). Forces and Fields: The Concept of Action at a Distance in the History of Physics. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 15 (2):343-343.
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  29. J. H. B. (1961). The Philosophy of Physics. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 15 (1):197-197.
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  30. Angelina Bacala & Arnold C. Alguno (eds.) (2000). Proceedings of the 4th Iligan National Physics Conference and 2nd Samahang Pisika Ng Visayas at Mindanao (Spvm) Physics Workshop, Msu-Iligan Institute of Technology, Iligan City, October 23-25, 2000. [REVIEW] Msu-Iligan Institute of Technology.
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  31. Guido Bacciagaluppi, Bob Coecke & Isar Stubbe (1999). List of Contents: Volume 12, Number 1, February 1999. Foundations of Physics 29 (5).
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  32. D. Baeriswyl (2000). Variational Scheme for the Mott Transition. Foundations of Physics 30 (12):2033-2048.
    The Hubbard model is studied at half filling, using two complementary variational wave functions, the Gutzwiller ansatz for the metallic phase at small values of the interaction parameter U and its analog for the insulating phase at large values of U. The metallic phase is characterized by the Drude weight, which exhibits a jump at the critical point Uc. In the insulating phase the system behaves as a collection of dipoles which increase both in number and in size as U (...)
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  33. S. N. Bagchi & G. P. Das (1965). A Rigorous Analytic Solution of Nonlinear Differential Equation of the Poisson-Bolitzmann Type. In Karl W. Linsenmann (ed.), Proceedings. St. Louis, Lutheran Academy for Scholarship. 29--28.
  34. C. D. Bailey, D. Batchelor, A. Belenkiy, G. Bene, P. Benioff, A. N. Bernal, T. H. Boyer, J. L. Chen, C. Dewdney & D. Dieks (2002). Emch, GG, 981 Esposito, G., 1459. Foundations of Physics 32 (12):2003.
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  35. Roger Balian (2005). Information in Statistical Physics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 36 (2):323-353.
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  36. F. Bampi & A. Morro (1980). Objectivity and Objective Time Derivatives in Continuum Physics. Foundations of Physics 10 (11-12):905-920.
    The role played by objectivity in continuum physics is reexamined in an attempt to establish fully its deep connection with classical and relativistic time derivatives. The way of distinguishing one element in the class of objective time derivatives may depend on the particular problem of interest; this is emphasized in conjunction with material relaxation phenomena described via hidden variable evolution equations.
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  37. T. Barakat & H. A. Alhendi (2013). Generalized Dirac Equation with Induced Energy-Dependent Potential Via Simple Similarity Transformation and Asymptotic Iteration Methods. Foundations of Physics 43 (10):1171-1181.
    This study shows how precise simple analytical solutions for the generalized Dirac equation with repulsive vector and attractive energy-dependent Lorentz scalar potentials, position-dependent mass potential, and a tensor interaction term can be obtained within the framework of both similarity transformation and the asymptotic iteration methods. These methods yield a significant improvement over existing approaches and provide more plausible and applicable ways in explaining the pseudospin symmetry’s breaking mechanism in nuclei.
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  38. Anouk Barberousse & Cyrille Imbert (forthcoming). Cellular Automata in Fluid Dynamics: Not so Different. Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics.
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  39. Julian B. Barbour (1989). Maximal Variety as a New Fundamental Principle of Dynamics. Foundations of Physics 19 (9):1051-1073.
    It is suggested, following a proposal made recently by Smolin, that the most fundamental law of the universe takes this form: Among the set of all possible universes compatible with an irreducibly minimal set of structural constraints, the actually realized universe is the one which maximizes a mathematically well-defined number (the variety) that measures the structural variety of the universe (in the totality of its history). This gives expression to Leibniz's idea that the actual universe gives “the greatest variety possible, (...)
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  40. Eduardo Salles de Oliveira Barra (2004). Kantian Architectonics and Newtonian Gravitation. Scientiae Studia 2 (3):327-353.
  41. Semi-Infinite Rectangular Barrier, K. Dechoum, L. de la Pena, E. Santos, A. Schulze, G. Esposito, C. Stornaiolo & P. K. Anastasovski (2000). List of Contents: Volume 13, Number 3, June 2000. Foundations of Physics 30 (10).
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  42. Steven C. Barrowes (1977). Tachyons Without Paradoxes. Foundations of Physics 7 (7-8):617-627.
    Tachyon paradoxes, including causality paradoxes, have persisted within tachyon theories and left little hope for the existence of observable tachyons. This paper presents a way to solve the causality paradoxes, along with two other paradoxes, by the introduction of an absolute frame of reference in which a tachyon effect may never precede its cause. Relativity for ordinary matter is unaffected by this, even if the tachyons couple to ordinary particles. Violations of the principle of relativity due to the absolute frame (...)
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  43. H. H. Barschall & Louis Brown (1986). Early Estimates of the Strength of the Nuclear Spin-Orbit Force. Foundations of Physics 16 (2):115-124.
    Before the development of the nuclear shell model estimates of the strength of the nuclear spin-orbit interaction varied widely. Wheeler was the first to conclude that the nuclear spin-orbit interaction produces splittings of several MeV. This conclusion appeared, however, to be inconsistent with some experimental results that later turned out to be faulty.
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  44. E. M. Barth (1984). Dialectical Fields and Transformations: Brouwer-Fields, Beth-Fields, and Naess-Transformations. Philosophia Naturalis 21 (2/4):425.
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  45. Christoph Bartneck & Matthias Rauterberg (2008). The Asymmetry Between Discoveries and Inventions in the Nobel Prize in Physics. Technoetic Arts: A Journal of Speculative Research 6 (1):73-77.
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  46. A. O. Barut (1994). Debating the Final Theory. Foundations of Physics 24 (11):1571-1576.
    Recent assertions that the present particle physics is on the path of a “final theory” which cannot be reduced to more fundamental ones is critically examined and confronted with a counter-thesis.
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  47. A. O. Barut & Thomas Gornitz (1985). On the Gyromagnetic Ratio in the Kaluza-Klein Theories and the Schuster-Blackett Law. Foundations of Physics 15 (4):433-437.
    Pauli's five-dimensional Dirac equation in projective space, which results in an anomalous magnetic moment term in four dimensions, is related to the Schuster-Blackett law of the magnetic field of rotating bodies and to the recent results on the gyromagnetic ratio in Kaluza-Klein theories.
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  48. Ted Bastin (1966). On the Origin of the Scale Constraints of Physics. Philosophica 4.
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  49. Ted Bastin & C. W. Kilmister (1995). Combinatorial Physics.
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  50. J. Batouli & M. El Baz (2014). Classical Interpretation of a Deformed Quantum Oscillator. Foundations of Physics 44 (2):105-113.
    Following the same procedure that allowed Shcrödinger to construct the (canonical) coherent states in the first place, we investigate on a possible classical interpretation of the deformed harmonic oscillator. We find that, these oscillator, also called q-oscillators, can be interpreted as quantum versions of classical forced oscillators with a modified q-dependant frequency.
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