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Philosophy of Religion

Edited by Thomas Senor (University of Arkansas, Fayetteville)
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  1. added 2015-05-22
    John Culp (forthcoming). Overcoming the Limits of Theodicy: An Interactive Reciprocal Response to Evil. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion:1-14.
    Recent criticisms of theodicies express a conflict between theoretical and practical responses to the existence of evil. Theodicies, and defenses, seek to provide a resolution to the question of why there is evil if there is God. In providing an answer, theodicies offer an explanation for evil that responds to the existence of evil in a theoretical manner. In contrast to those theoretical responses, there have been a number of responses to the existence of evil that have emphasized acting against (...)
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  2. added 2015-05-22
    David McPherson (2015). John Cottingham, Philosophy of Religion: Towards a More Humane Approach. [REVIEW] Religious Studies 51 (1):135-139.
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  3. added 2015-05-19
    Daniel J. Fleming (2015). Primordial Moral Awareness: Levinas, Conscience, and the Unavoidable Call to Responsibility. Heythrop Journal 56 (3).
    The phenomenon of conscience as articulated in Roman Catholic moral theology has at least three dimensions: a fundamental and universal call to moral goodness; the search for moral truth; and a commitment to act in a particular way. Recent moral theology has tended to focus on the latter two dimensions, but there has been a strong call from Thomas Ryan for attention to the first dimension of conscience, especially its constitution in ‘horizontal relationality’. In this article I respond to Ryan's (...)
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  4. added 2015-05-17
    Jessica M. Murdoch (2015). Contesting Foundations. Philosophy and Theology 27 (1):127-152.
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  5. added 2015-05-17
    W. Chris Hackett (2015). Prayer, the Political Problem. Philosophy and Theology 27 (1):209-233.
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  6. added 2015-05-16
    Michael C. Hawley (2015). Newman’s Immanent Critique of Liberalism. Philosophy and Theology 27 (1):189-207.
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  7. added 2015-05-16
    Roberto Di Ceglie (2015). Alvin Plantinga and Thomas Aquinas on Theism and Christianity. Philosophy and Theology 27 (1):235-252.
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  8. added 2015-05-16
    Alfred Gierer (2009). Wissenschaft, Religion und die deutungsoffenen Grundfragen der Biologie. In preprint series max planck institute for the history os science. mpi history of science. preprint 388, 1-21.
    Science, religion, and basic biological issues that are open to interpretation. Range and limits of science are given by the universal validity of physical laws, and by intrinsic limitations, especially in self-referential contexts. In particular, neurobiology should not be expected to provide a full understanding of consciousness and the mind. Science cannot provide, by itself, an unambigious interpretation of the natural order at the philosophical, cultural and religious level. In this essay, some basic issues of modern biology – the distinction (...)
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  9. added 2015-05-15
    Edward R. Moad (2015). Between Divine Simplicity and the Eternity of the World. Philosophy and Theology 27 (1):55-73.
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  10. added 2015-05-14
    Joshua R. Farris (2015). Substance Dualism and Theological Anthropology. Philosophy and Theology 27 (1):107-126.
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  11. added 2015-05-14
    John-Mark L. Miravalle (2015). The Trinity's Choice. Philosophy and Theology 27 (1):153-169.
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  12. added 2015-05-14
    José Antúnez Cid (2011). Dios y postmodernidad. In G. Richi (ed.), Dios en la sociedad postsecular. San Dámaso. 51-75.
    A critical and reflexive approach to God's question from diverse lines of the Postmodernity; showing roots, shadows and lights of some of the nowadays philosophies.
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  13. added 2015-05-13
    Daniel R. Kern (2015). The Logic of Salvation in the Gospel of John. Philosophy and Theology 27 (1):171-187.
    I evaluate two claims; that (a) Jesus’ message as recorded in the gospels implies exclusivism with respect to salvation and that, correspondingly, (b) Christians should be exclusivists with respect to salvation. I evaluate these claims through a cataloguing and evaluation of the logical condition involved in each of the claims regarding conditions for salvation made by Jesus in the Gospel of John. As a result, I argue that (a) is false and that, correspondingly, so is (b).
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  14. added 2015-05-11
    Besong Brian (forthcoming). Reappraising the Manual Tradition. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly.
    Following the Second Vatican Council, the predominant trend in Catholic moral theology has been decidedly antagonistic toward the tradition that dominated moral theology before the Council, namely the use and formulation of ecclesiastically-approved “manuals” or “handbooks” of moral theology, the contents of which chiefly involved general precepts of morally good and bad behavior as well as the extension of those precepts to particular cases. In this paper, I will oppose the dominant anti-manual trend. More particularly, I will first sketch what (...)
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  15. added 2015-05-11
    Nancy Ellen Abrams (2015). A God That Could Be Real in the New Scientific Universe. Zygon 50 (2):376-388.
    We are living at the dawn of the first truly scientific picture of the universe-as-a-whole, yet people are still dragging along prescientific ideas about God that cannot be true and are even meaningless in the universe we now know we live in. This makes it impossible to have a coherent big picture of the modern world that includes God. But we don't have to accept an impossible God or else no God. We can have a real God if we redefine (...)
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  16. added 2015-05-11
    Ernst M. Conradie & Cornel W. du Toit (2015). Knowledge, Values, and Beliefs in the South African Context Since 1948: An Overview. Zygon 50 (2):455-479.
    In this contribution, an overview of the distinct ways in which the interplay between knowledge, values, and beliefs took shape in the South African context since 1948 is offered. This is framed against the background of the paleontological significance of South Africa and an appreciation of indigenous knowledge systems, but also of the ideological distortion of knowledge and education during the apartheid era through the legacy of neo-Calvinism. The overview includes references to discourse on human rationality , on the use (...)
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  17. added 2015-05-11
    James C. Ungureanu (2015). Victorian Scientific Naturalism: Community, Identity, Continuity. By Gowan Dawson and Bernard Lightman. Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press, 2014. 345 Pp. Hardcover $45.00. [REVIEW] Zygon 50 (2):548-550.
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  18. added 2015-05-11
    Piotr Bylica (2015). Levels of Analysis in Philosophy, Religion, and Science. Zygon 50 (2):304-328.
    This article introduces a model of levels of analysis applied to statements found in philosophical, scientific, and religious discourses in order to facilitate a more accurate description of the relation between science and religion. The empirical levels prove to be the most crucial for the relation between science and religion, because they include statements that are important parts of both scientific and religious discourse, whereas statements from metaphysical levels are only important in terms of religion and are neutral in relation (...)
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  19. added 2015-05-11
    Michael Ruse (2015). Why I Am an Accommodationist and Proud of It. Zygon 50 (2):361-375.
    There is a strong need of a reasoned defense of what was known as the “independence” position of the science–religion relationship but that more recently has been denigrated as the “accommodationist” position, namely that while there are parts of religion—fundamentalist Christianity in particular—that clash with modern science, the essential parts of religion do not and could not clash with science. A case for this position is made on the grounds of the essentially metaphorical nature of science. Modern science functions because (...)
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  20. added 2015-05-11
    Zainal Abidin Bagir (2015). The “Relation” Between Science and Religion in the Pluralistic Landscape of Today's World. Zygon 50 (2):403-417.
    The attempt to expand the discourse of science and religion by considering the pluralistic landscape of today's world requires not only adding new voices from more religious traditions but a rethinking of the basic categories of the discourse, that is, “science,” “religion,” and the notion that the main issue to be investigated is the relationship between the two. Making use of historical studies of science and religion discourse and a case study from Indonesia, this article suggests a rethinking of the (...)
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  21. added 2015-05-11
    Whitney Bauman (2015). Religion, Science, and Globalization: Beyond Comparative Approaches. Zygon 50 (2):389-402.
    Using case studies from the Indonesian context, this article argues that the current truth regimes we now live by are always and already “hybrid” and that we need new methods for understanding meaning-making practices in an era of globalization and climate change than comparative approaches allow. Following the works of such thinkers as physicist Karen Barad, political philosopher William Connolly, and eco-critic Timothy Morton, this article develops the idea that an event-oriented or object-oriented approach better captures our hybrid meaning-making practices. (...)
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  22. added 2015-05-11
    Willem B. Drees (2015). The Future of Religion and Science Around the World. Zygon 50 (2):267-270.
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  23. added 2015-05-11
    Philip Hefner (2015). An Idea of Nature: A Bipolar Proposal. Zygon 50 (2):287-303.
    This article argues that in order to understand nature, we depend on a basic idea or ideal type of nature, following R. G. Collingwood's work The Idea of Nature. Collingwood asserted that the prevailing idea of nature in Western thought evolved through three analogies for understanding nature: living organism, machine, and historical process. His use of the concept of idea is comparable to the use of ideal type proposed by Max Weber and Ernst Troeltsch. This article is a bipolar proposal: (...)
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  24. added 2015-05-11
    Sarah E. Fredericks & Lea F. Schweitz (2015). Scholars, Amateurs, and Artists as Partners for the Future of Religion and Science. Zygon 50 (2):418-438.
    We recommend that the future of religion and science involve more partnerships between scholars, amateurs, and artists. This reimagines an underdeveloped aspect of the history of religion and science. Case studies of an undergraduate course examining religious ritual and technology, seminarians reflecting on memory and identity in light of Alzheimer's disease, environmentalists responding to their guilt and shame about climate change, and Chicagoans recognizing the presence of nature in the city show how these partnerships respect insights and experiences of our (...)
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  25. added 2015-05-11
    Jianhui Li & Zheng Fu (2015). The Craziness for Extra‐Sensory Perception: Qigong Fever and the Science–Pseudoscience Debate in China. Zygon 50 (2):534-547.
    From 1979 to 1999, a heated dispute over the science or pseudoscience of extraordinary power or extrasensory perception took place in China. During these two decades, many so-called “grandmasters” of ESP and Qigong emerged, and millions of people across the country studied with them; this was known as “Qigong Fever” or “ESP Fever.” The supporters of ESP argued that ESP existed, people could cultivate ESP through specific Qigong training, and ESP was a science; whereas the opponents of ESP denied all (...)
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  26. added 2015-05-11
    Christoffer H. Grundmann (2015). The Human Being: A Theological Anthropology. By Hans Schwarz. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans, 2013. Xiv + 402 Pp. Softcover $35.00. [REVIEW] Zygon 50 (2):550-551.
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  27. added 2015-05-11
    Karl E. Peters (2015). The “Ghosts” of Iras Past and the Changing Cultural Context of Religion and Science. Zygon 50 (2):329-360.
    Beginning with our cosmic ancestors and the 1950s ancestors of Institute on Religion in an Age of Science , this essay highlights the wider, post-World War II cultural context, including other science and religion organizations, in which IRAS was formed. It then considers eight challenges from today's context. From the context of science there are the challenge of scale that leads us to question our place in the scheme of things and can lead to a challenge to morale concerning whether (...)
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  28. added 2015-05-11
    Ignacio Silva (2015). Science and Religion in Latin America: Developments and Prospects. Zygon 50 (2):480-502.
    The state of the debate surrounding issues on science and religion in Latin America is mostly unknown, both to regional and extra-regional scholars. This article presents and reviews in some detail the developments since 2000, when the first symposium on science and religion was held in Mexico, up to the present. I briefly introduce some features of Latin American academia and higher education institutions, as well as some trends in the public reception of these debates and atheist engagement with it (...)
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  29. added 2015-05-11
    Sharon Woodill (2015). The Christian Core of Intelligent Design. Zygon 50 (2):271-286.
    Intelligent design theorists assert that ID is a scientific theory that is merely consistent with some religious beliefs. Many critics point to the circumstantial evidence of the apparent development of ID from creation science and the affiliation of ID with mainstream evangelical organizations to assert its religious orientation. This article suggests that the position of ID proponents is a substantial understatement, and that beyond the circumstantial evidence of critics, fundamental Christian doctrine constitutes the essence of ID theory. The bulk of (...)
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  30. added 2015-05-11
    Willem B. Drees (2015). From Authority to Authenticity: Iras and Zygon in New Contexts. Zygon 50 (2):439-454.
    In the 60 years since IRAS was founded, and the 50 years since Zygon: Journal of Religion and Science started, science has developed enormously. More important, though less obvious, the character of religion has changed, at least in Western countries. Church membership has gone down considerably. This is not due to arguments, for example, about science and atheism, but reflects a change in sources of authority. Rather than the traditional and communal authority, an individualism that emphasizes “authenticity” characterizes religion and (...)
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  31. added 2015-05-11
    Dirk Evers (2015). Religion and Science in Germany. Zygon 50 (2):503-533.
    During the last fifty years, the dialogue between science and religion in Germany has gained momentum. This essay briefly describes the academic setting in Germany with denominational theology at state universities and explains the development of secularization in reunified Germany. Twenty-five years after reunification, East Germany is one of the most secular societies in the world, and religion is seen as a strange relic. This poses challenges to the interaction between science and religion in both parts of Germany. The essay (...)
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  32. added 2015-05-11
    Kiraly V. Istvan (2010). A Crusade… With and Without a Cross – A Review-Like Essay on the Hungarian Edition of Florina Ilis’s Novel. PHILOBIBLON - Transylvanian Journal of Multidisciplinary Research in Humanities, Vol. XV (2010), Pp.478-485.
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  33. added 2015-05-10
    Alastair Gornall (forthcoming). Fame and Philology: R.C. Childers and the Beginnings of Pāli and Buddhist Studies in Britain. Contemporary Buddhism:1-28.
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  34. added 2015-05-10
    Jean-Pierre Fortin (2015). Critical Theology, Committed Philosophy. Philosophy and Theology 27 (1):25-54.
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  35. added 2015-05-10
    Cyril Orji (2015). Does Lonergan Know C. S. Peirce? Philosophy and Theology 27 (1):75-105.
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  36. added 2015-05-10
    Moch Najib Yuliantoro (2011). Science and Religion in Rawls’s Public Reason Perspective. Dissertation, Universitas Gadjah Mada
    This research aims to defend a view that secularization in modern age is one cause of fundamentalism both in science and religion (FIA). In a democratic society secularization also remains unequal relation between science and religion. More specifically, the research aims: (a) to map some typologies of FIA based on several cases in Pakistan, United State of America, and India by employing Stenmark’s multidimensional model: sociological, theological and ideological dimensions; (b) to analyze FIA by employing Rawls’s public reason to initially (...)
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  37. added 2015-05-07
    Michael J. Murray (forthcoming). Trent Dougherty, The Problem of Animal Pain: A Theodicy for All Creatures Great and Small. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion:1-5.
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  38. added 2015-05-07
    Duncan Pritcard & Shane Ryan (2014). Zagzebski on Rationality. European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 6.
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  39. added 2015-05-06
    Vladimir de Beer (2015). The Cosmic Role of the Logos, as Conceived From Heraclitus Until Eriugena. Philosophy and Theology 27 (1):3-24.
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  40. added 2015-05-05
    Sarah Adams (forthcoming). A New Paradox of Omnipotence. Philosophia:1-27.
    In this paper, I argue that the supposition of divine omnipotence entails a contradiction: omnipotence both must and must not be intrinsic to God. Hence, traditional theism must be rejected. To begin, I separate out some theoretical distinctions needed to inform the discussion. I then advance two different arguments for the conclusion that omnipotence must be intrinsic to God; these utilise the notions of essence and aseity. Next, I argue that some necessary conditions on being omnipotent are extrinsic, and that (...)
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  41. added 2015-05-05
    Aldo Frigerio & Ciro Florio (2015). Two Omnipotent Beings? Philosophia 43 (2):309-324.
    The idea of omnipotence plays a crucial role within the framework of classical theism. God is typically considered omnipotent, that is, able to perform any action. Sometimes, it is said that for God there is no difference between will and action; everything he wishes happens. However, as one reflects on the concept of omnipotence, some rather complex questions arise; the range of God’s possible “actions” is not clear. What are the boundaries of the power of an omnipotent being, if these (...)
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  42. added 2015-05-03
    Daniel Linford & Jason Megill (forthcoming). Cognitive Bias, the Axiological Question and the Probability of Theistic Belief. In Miroslaw Szatkowski (ed.), Ontology of Theistic Beliefs: Meta-Ontological Perspectives. De Gruyter.
    Some recent work in philosophy of religion addresses what can be called the “axiological question,” i.e., regardless of whether God exists, would it be good or bad if God exists? Would the existence of God make the world a better or a worse place? Call the view that the existence of God would make the world a better place “Pro-Theism.” We argue that Pro-Theism is not implausible, and moreover, many Theists, at least, (often implicitly) think that it is true. That (...)
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  43. added 2015-04-30
    Reg Naulty (2015). Review of Sam Harris, Waking Up: A Guide to Spirituality Without Religion. [REVIEW] Sophia 54 (1):115-116.
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  44. added 2015-04-30
    Fred Guyette (2015). The Great War and Christian Faith: The Firsthand Accounts of Three Priests in France. Heythrop Journal 56 (3):n/a-n/a.
    In this essay I explore three firsthand accounts of religious faith from The First World War: Forsaken by Private Orr, The Letters of John Ayscough to His Mother, and The Making of a Mind: Letters from a Soldier Priest 1914-1919, by Pierre Teilhard de Chardin. These three priests provide us with a glimpse of how faithful people responded to very challenging situations. Private Orr came into the war as an ordained priest, but lost his faith after two years of fighting. (...)
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  45. added 2015-04-29
    Ankur Barua (forthcoming). Hick and Radhakrishnan on Religious Diversity: Back to the Kantian Noumenon. Sophia:1-20.
    We shall examine some conceptual tensions in Hick’s ‘pluralism’ in the light of S. Radhakrishnan’s reformulation of classical Advaita. Hick himself often quoted Radhakrishnan’s translations from the Hindu scriptures in support of his own claims about divine ineffability, transformative experience and religious pluralism. However, while Hick developed these themes partly through an adaptation of Kantian epistemology, Radhakrishnan derived them ultimately from Śaṁkara , and these two distinctive points of origin lead to somewhat different types of reconstruction of the diversity of (...)
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  46. added 2015-04-29
    Paul Saieg (2015). Reading the Phenomenology of Origen's Gospel: Toward a Philology of Givenness. Modern Theology 31 (2):235-256.
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  47. added 2015-04-29
    Klaas Bom (2015). Blaise Pascal on Duplicity, Sin and the Fall: The Secret Instinct by William Wood , Vi + 243 Pp. Modern Theology 31 (2):362-363.
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  48. added 2015-04-29
    Mike Higton (2015). A Reason Open to God: Universities, Education and Culture by Pope Benedict XVI, Edited by J. Stephen Brown, with a Foreword by John Garvey , Xxv + 313 Pp. Modern Theology 31 (2):368-370.
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  49. added 2015-04-29
    Christopher J. Insole (2015). A Thomistic Reading of Kant'sGroundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals: Searching for the Unconditioned. Modern Theology 31 (2):284-311.
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  50. added 2015-04-29
    Jenny Daggers (2015). Before Religion: A History of a Modern Concept by Brent Nongbri , Ix + 275 Pp. Modern Theology 31 (2):353-355.
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