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  1. added 2016-05-05
    Cristina Amoretti, Marcello Frixione, Antonio Lieto & Greta Adamo (forthcoming). Ontologies, Disorders and Prototypes. In Proceedings of IACAP 2016.
    As it emerged from philosophical analyses and cognitive research, most concepts exhibit typicality effects, and resist to the efforts of defining them in terms of necessary and sufficient conditions. This holds also in the case of many medical concepts. This is a problem for the design of computer science ontologies, since knowledge representation formalisms commonly adopted in this field (such as, in the first place, the Web Ontology Language - OWL) do not allow for the representation of concepts in terms (...)
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  2. added 2016-05-04
    Lior Rabi (2016). Ortega y Gasset on Georg Cantor's Theory of Transfinite Numbers. Kairos. Journal of Philosophy and Science (15):46-70.
    Ortega y Gasset is known for his philosophy of life and his effort to propose an alternative to both realism and idealism. The goal of this article is to focus on an unfamiliar aspect of his thought. The focus will be given to Ortega’s interpretation of the advancements in modern mathematics in general and Cantor’s theory of transfinite numbers in particular. The main argument is that Ortega acknowledged the historical importance of the Cantor’s Set Theory, analyzed it and articulated a (...)
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  3. added 2016-05-02
    Beate Krickel (forthcoming). A Regularist Approach to Mechanistic Type-Level Explanation. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science.
    Most defenders of the new mechanistic approach accept ontic constraints for successful scientific explanation (Illari 2013; Craver 2014). The minimal claim is that scientific explanations have objective truthmakers, namely mechanisms that exist in the physical world independently of any observer and that cause or constitute the phenomena-to- be-explained. How can this idea be applied to type-level explanations? Many authors at least implicitly assume that in order for mechanisms to be the truthmakers of type-level explanation they need to be regular (Andersen (...)
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  4. added 2016-05-02
    Christopher J. Blunt (2015). Hierarchies of Evidence in Evidence-Based Medicine. Dissertation, London School of Economics
    Hierarchies of evidence are an important and influential tool for appraising evidence in medicine. In recent years, hierarchies have been formally adopted by organizations including the Cochrane Collaboration [1], NICE [2,3], the WHO [4], the US Preventive Services Task Force [5], and the Australian NHMRC [6,7]. The development of such hierarchies has been regarded as a central part of Evidence-Based Medicine, a movement within healthcare which prioritises the use of epidemiological evidence such as that provided by Randomised Controlled Trials. Philosophical (...)
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  5. added 2016-04-29
    Alexander Gebharter (forthcoming). Another Problem with RBN Models of Mechanisms. Theoria. An International Journal for Theory, History and Foundations of Science.
    Casini, Illari, Russo, and Williamson (2011) suggest to model mechanisms by means of recursive Bayesian networks (RBNs) and Clarke, Leuridan, and Williamson (2014) extend their modelling approach to mechanisms featuring causal feedback. One of the main selling points of the RBN approach should be that it provides answers to questions concerning manipulation and control. In this paper I demonstrate that the method to compute the effects of interventions the authors mentioned endorse leads to absurd results under the additional assumption of (...)
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  6. added 2016-04-29
    Alexander Gebharter & Gerhard Schurz (forthcoming). A Modeling Approach for Mechanisms Featuring Causal Cycles. Philosophy of Science.
    Mechanisms play an important role in many sciences when it comes to questions concerning explanation, prediction, and control. Answering such questions in a quantitative way requires a formal represention of mechanisms. Gebharter (2014) suggests to represent mechanisms by means of one or more causal arrows of an acyclic causal net. In this paper we show how this approach can be extended in such a way that it can also be fruitfully applied to mechanisms featuring causal feedback.
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  7. added 2016-04-28
    Murali Ramachandran, A Neglected Response to the Paradoxes of Confirmation.
    Hempel‘s paradox of the ravens, and his take on it, are meant to be understood as being restricted to situations where we have no additional background information. According to him, in the absence of any such information, observations of FGs confirm the hypothesis that all Fs are G. In this paper I argue against this principle by way of considering two other paradoxes of confirmation, Goodman‘s 'grue‘ paradox and the 'tacking‘ (or 'irrelevant conjunct‘) paradox. What these paradoxes reveal, I argue, (...)
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  8. added 2016-04-27
    Steph Menken, Machiel Keestra, Lucas Rutting, Ger Post, Mieke de Roo, Sylvia Blad & Linda de Greef (eds.) (2016). An Introduction to Interdisciplinary Research. Theory and Practice. Amsterdam University Press.
    This book (128 pp.) serves as an introduction and manual to guide students through the interdisciplinary research process. We are becoming increasingly aware that, as a result of technological developments and globalisation, problems are becoming so complex that they can only be solved through cooperation between multiple disciplines. Healthcare, climate change, food security, energy, financial markets and quality of life are just a few examples of issues that require scientists and academics to work in a crossdisciplinary way. As a result (...)
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  9. added 2016-04-15
    Nathaniel T. Wilcox (forthcoming). Robert A. Millikan Meets the Credibility Revolution. Journal of Economic Methodology.
  10. added 2016-04-03
    Stan Klein (forthcoming). The Curious Case of the Self-Refuting Straw Man: Trafimow and Earp’s Response to Klein (2014). Theory and Psychology.
    In their critique of Klein (2014a), Trafimow and Earp present two theses. First, they argue that, contra Klein, a well-specified theory is not a necessary condition for successful replication. Second, they contend that even when there is a well-specified theory, replication depends more on auxiliary assumptions than on theory proper. I take issue with both claims, arguing that (a) their first thesis confuses a material conditional (what I said) with a modal claim (T&E’s misreading of what I said), and (b) (...)
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  11. added 2016-03-23
    Thomas Schramme (2010). Der Person des Patienten Gerecht Werden. In Günther Thomas, Stephan Schaede & Markus Höfner (eds.), Endliches Leben: Interdisziplinäre Zugänge zum Phänomen der Krankheit. Mohr Siebeck 215-227.
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  12. added 2016-03-22
    Nicholas Maxwell (2014). How Universities Can Help Create a Wiser World. Times Higher Education , No. 21 P. 30 (2136):30.
    The crisis of our times is that we have science without wisdom. Modern science and technology lead to modern industry and agriculture which in turn lead to all the great benefits of the modern world and to the global crises we face, from population growth to climate change. The fault lies, not with science, but with science dissociated from a more fundamental concern with problems of living. We urgently need to bring about a revolution in academia so that (...)
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  13. added 2016-03-21
    Thomas Schramme (2013). Benötigen Wir Mehrere Krankheitsbegriffe? Einheit Und Vielfalt in der Medizin. In Peter Hucklenbroich & Alexa Buyx (eds.), Wissenschaftstheoretische Aspekte des medizinischen Krankheitsbegriffs. Mentis 85-103.
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  14. added 2016-03-21
    Thomas Schramme (2013). Paternalismus, Zwang Und Manipulation in der Psychatrie. In Johann Ach (ed.), Grenzen der Selbstbestimmung in der Medizin. Mentis 263-281.
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  15. added 2016-03-21
    Thomas Schramme (2012). Einleitung: Die Begriffe "Gesundheit" Und "Krankheit" in der Philosophischen Diskussion. In Krankheitstheorien. Suhrkamp 9-37.
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  16. added 2016-03-19
    Berislav Žarnić, On the Logical Form of Educational Philosophy and Theory: Herbart, Mill, Frankena, and Beyond. Encyclopedia of Educational Philosophy and Theory: Living Reference Work.
    The investigation into logical form and structure of natural sciences and mathematics covers a significant part of contemporary philosophy. In contrast to this, the metatheory of normative theories is a slowly developing research area in spite of its great predecessors, such as Aristotle, who discovered the sui generis character of practical logic, or Hume, who posed the “is-ought” problem. The intrinsic reason for this situation lies in the complex nature of practical logic. The metatheory of normative educational philosophy and (...) inherits all the difficulties inherent in the general metatheory but has also significantly contributed to its advancement. In particular, the discussion on its mixed normative-descriptive character and complex composition has remained an important part of research in educational philosophy and theory. The two points seem to be indisputable. First, the content of educational philosophy and theory is a complex one, connecting different disciplines. Second, these disciplines are integrated within the logical form of practical inference or means-end reasoning. On the other hand, the character of consequence relation in this field, although generally recognized as specific, represents an unresolved prob- lem, a solution of which requires a sophisticated logical theory and promises to influence the self- understanding of educational philosophy and theory. (shrink)
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  17. added 2016-03-17
    S. Edwards & T. Schramme (eds.) (forthcoming). Handbook of Concepts in Philosophy of Medicine. Springer.
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  18. added 2016-03-17
    Thomas Schramme (ed.) (2012). Krankheitstheorien. Suhrkamp.
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  19. added 2016-03-07
    Henrik Rude Hvid, Opening the Black Box of Commodification: A Philosophical Critique of Actor-Network Theory as Critique.
    ABSTRACT -/- This article argues that actor-network theory, as an alternative to critical theory, has lost its critical impetus when examining commodification in healthcare. The paper claims that the reason for this, is the way in which actor-network theory’s anti-essentialist ontology seems to black box 'intentionality' and ethics of human agency as contingent interests. The purpose of this paper was to open the normative black box of commodification, and compare how Marxism, Habermas and ANT can deal with commodification and ethics (...)
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  20. added 2016-03-05
    R. Martinelli (2009). Il Suono: Scienza E Tecnica Tra Settecento E Ottocento. .
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  21. added 2016-03-05
    R. Martinelli (2008). Filosofia del suono. Materiali per una voce enciclopedica. .
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  22. added 2016-03-05
    R. Martinelli (2005). Figure del suono. Intersezioni 25:179-181.
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  23. added 2016-03-05
    R. Martinelli (1999). La relatività del dato. Interpretazioni della psicofisica in Wundt, Hering, Mach e Brentano. Teorie and Modelli.
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  24. added 2016-03-05
    R. Martinelli (1999). Osservando i suoni: Chladni e la storia dell’acustica tra Settecento e Ottocento. Annali Del Dipartimento di Filosofia:55-87.
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  25. added 2016-03-05
    R. Martinelli (1998). Recensione Di: Hermann von Helmholtz and the Foundations of Nineteenth-Century Science, Ed. By D. Cahan, University of California Press, 1994. Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 53 (1):179-182.
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  26. added 2016-03-05
    R. Martinelli (1997). La psicologia di Carl Stumpf tra fenomenologia empirica e scienza descrittiva. Teorie and Modelli 2:117-147.
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  27. added 2016-03-05
    R. Martinelli (1996). Fantasia musicale e scienza dei suoni. La musica come problema filosofico e scientifico nell'Ottocento tedesco. Intersezioni 16:517-529.
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  28. added 2016-03-03
    Dirk Hartmann, Amir Mohseni, Erhard Reckwitz, Tim Rojek & Ulrich Steckmann (eds.) (2012). Methoden der Geisteswissenschaften: Eine Selbstverständigung. Velbrück.
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  29. added 2016-03-01
    Rinat Nugayev & Tanzilia Burganova (2016). Heideggerian Epistemology as a Source of Kuhn's Concept of the Growth of Knowledge. Italian Science Review 1 (34):156-167.
    The claim that we want to put forward is that Thomas Kuhn’s growth of knowledge concept is drawn upon Heidegger’s epistemology. To bolster the tenet the corresponding works of both thinkers are considered. As a result, the one-to-one correspondence (or isomorphism) between the key propositions of Heideggerian epistemology and the basic tenets of Kuhn’s growth of knowledge model is dawned. The tenets under consideration include the holistic nature of a paradigm, the incommensurability thesis, conventional status of a paradigm (...)
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  30. added 2016-02-23
    Jacqueline Anne Sullivan (forthcoming). Medical Models of Mental Illness. In Harold Kincaid, Jeremy Simon & Miriam Solomon (eds.), The Routledge Companion to the Philosophy of Medicine,.
    This chapter has two aims. The first aim is to compare and contrast three different conceptual-explanatory models for thinking about mental illness with an eye towards identifying the assumptions upon which each model is based, and exploring the model’s advantages and limitations in clinical contexts. Major Depressive Disorder is used as an example to illustrate these points. The second aim is to address the question of what conceptual-theoretical framework for thinking about mental illness is most likely to facilitate the discovery (...)
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  31. added 2016-02-21
    Ludovico Geymonat (1974). L'esigenza di ragionare. Paese Sera (28 maggio 1974).
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  32. added 2016-02-21
    Ludovico Geymonat (1973). Forza e ragione. Paese Sera (5 ottobre 1973).
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  33. added 2016-02-21
    Ludovico Geymonat (1973). Scienze occulte e scienze esatte. Paese Sera (24 luglio 1973).
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  34. added 2016-02-14
    Ludovico Geymonat (1965). L'uso della tecnica nel mondo d'oggi. Il Contemporaneo (Supplemento di Andquot;Rinascita") (6 giugno 1965).
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  35. added 2016-02-14
    Ludovico Geymonat (1965). Marxismo e scienza della natura. Il Contemporaneo (Supplemento di Rinascita) (6 giugno 1965).
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  36. added 2016-02-14
    Ludovico Geymonat (1957). Socialismo e scienza. l'Unità (30 ottobre 1957).
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  37. added 2016-02-09
    Ludovico Geymonat (1971). Federigo Enriques e la storia della scienza. In Atti del Convegno internazionale sul tema Storia, pedagogia e filosofia della scienza, a celebrazione del centenario della nascita di Federigo Enriques (Pisa, Bologna e Roma, 7-12 ottobre 1971). Accademia Nazionale Dei Lincei, 1973
  38. added 2016-02-08
    Ludovico Geymonat (1971). Federigo Enriques e la storia della scienza. Physis 3.
  39. added 2016-02-08
    Adriano Carugo & Ludovico Geymonat (eds.) (1958). Discorsi e dimostrazioni matematiche intorno a due nuove scienze (1638). Einaudi.
  40. added 2016-02-07
    Luis H. Favela (2014). Review of Networks: An Introduction by M. E. J. Newman. [REVIEW] Dynamical Systems Magazine.
    Network theory arguably has its origins in Euler’s (1741) graph theory, which was first developed in the mid-1700s to solve the Königsberg bridge problem. Since then, the basic units of graph theory—vertices and edges—have been utilized by a number of scientific disciplines to describe and analyze a wide variety of phenomena. Mark Newman begins his clear and comprehensive introduction to networks with a sampling of various kinds that have been studied: information networks such as the World Wide Web, biological networks (...)
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