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Plato

Edited by Hugh Benson (University of Oklahoma)
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Summary Plato (ca. 427-347 B.C.E.) was an Athenian philosopher who is widely recognized among the most important philosophers of the Western world.  Plato can be plausibly credited with the invention of philosophy as we understand it today – the rational, rigorous, and systematic study of fundamental questions concerning ethics, politics, psychology, theology, epistemology, and metaphysics.  He wrote primarily in dialogue form.  Among his most influential views are a commitment to the distinction between changeless, eternal forms and changeable, observable ordinary objects, the immortality of the soul, the distinction between knowledge and true belief and the view that knowledge is in some way recollection, that philosophers should be rulers and rulers philosophers, and that justice is in some way welcomed for its own sake.  He was a follower of Socrates, significantly influenced Aristotle, the Stoics, the Academic skeptics, Plotinus, among others, and founded the Academy, perhaps the first institution of higher learning in the west.
Key works Among the most well-known of Plato’s works (26 generally acknowledged dialogues and 13 more doubtful letters) are the Apology, Crito, Euthyphro, Protagoras, Gorgias, Meno, Phaedo, Republic, Symposium, Theaetetus, and Timaeus.  The standard English translations of the complete works can be found in Cooper & Hutchinson 1997.
Introductions A good place to start studying Plato in general is the entry in Stanford Encyclopedia, Kraut 2008, Hare 1982, and Annas 2003.  Important collections of essays include Vlastos 1973, Kraut 1992, Fine 1999, Fine 1999, Fine 2008, and Benson 2009.
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  1. S. . (1974). Averroës on Plato's "Republic.". Review of Metaphysics 28 (2):339-340.
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  2. G. A. (1980). A Companion to Plato's Republic. Review of Metaphysics 33 (3):651-653.
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  3. N. A. (1977). Plato. Review of Metaphysics 30 (3):528-529.
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  4. N. A. (1977). Plato. Review of Metaphysics 30 (3):528-529.
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  5. Evelyn Abbott (1875/1971). A Subject-Index to the Dialogues of Plato. New York,B. Franklin.
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  6. Donald C. Abel (1992). Plato and Freud: Two Theories of Love. Ancient Philosophy 12 (1):193-196.
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  7. Deborah Achtenberg (2011). Plato and Levinas on Violence and the Other. Symposium: The Canadian Journal of Continental Philosophy 15 (1):170-190.
    In this essay, I shall describe both Plato and Levinas as philosophers of the other, and delineate their similarities and differences on violence. In doing so, I will open up for broader reflection two importantly contrasting ways in which the self is essentially responsive to—as well as vulnerable to violence from—the other. I will also suggest a new way of situating Levinas in the history of philosophy, not, as he himself suggests, as one of the few in the history of (...)
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  8. Deborah Achtenberg (2010). Review of Sarah Allen, The Philosophical Sense of Transcendence: Levinas and Plato on Loving Beyond Being. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (9).
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  9. Clara Acker (2008). Présence de Dionysos dans la Philosophie de Platon. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 2:227-238.
    This communication wants to deal with the relations between the Philosophy of Plato and the cult of Dionysus in Ancient Greece. This makes necessary to distinguish the cult of Dionysus with its feasts and secret rituals, especially the maenadic rites of women, from orphism. The Maenads practiced rites closely associated with mania and those rites included bloody sacrifice (sparagmos) and the consommation of raw flesh (omophagy). As we assumed in our book“Dionysos em transe: la voix des femmes”, this cult was (...)
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  10. Marcel Van Ackeren (2005). Review: Plato and Analytical Philosophy. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 62 (2):263 - 275.
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  11. J. L. Ackrill (2001). Essays on Plato and Aristotle. Oxford University Press.
    J.L. Ackrill's work on Plato and Aristotle has had a considerable influence upon ancient philosophical studies in the late twentieth century. This volume collects the best of Ackrill's essays on the two greatest philosophers of antiquity. With philosophical acuity and philological expertise he examines a wide range of texts and topics--from ethics and logic to epistemology and metaphysics--that continue to be in the focus of debate.
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  12. J. L. Ackrill (1987). Plato's Meno R. W. Sharples: Plato: Meno. Pp. Vii+195. Warminster: Aris & Phillips, 1985. Paper, £7.50. The Classical Review 37 (02):157-158.
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  13. J. L. Ackrill (1985). The Phaedo. The Classical Review 35 (01):65-.
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  14. J. L. Ackrill (1985). The Phaedo Kenneth Dorter: Plato's Phaedo: An Interpretation. Pp. Xi + 233. Toronto and London: University of Toronto Press, 1982. £21.50. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 35 (01):65-67.
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  15. J. L. Ackrill (1979). Harold Cherniss: Selected Papers (Edited by Leonardo Tarán). Pp. Ix + 575; Photograph of Author. Leiden: Brill, 1977. Fl. 140. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 29 (02):343-344.
  16. J. L. Ackrill (1978). T. J. Saunders: Bibliography on Plato's Laws, 1920—1970 (with Additional Citations Through May 1975). Pp. 60. New York: Arno Press, 1976. Cloth, $15. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 28 (02):360-361.
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  17. J. L. Ackrill (1964). Demos on Plato: Comments. Journal of Philosophy 61 (20):610-613.
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  18. J. L. Ackrill (1956). Elfriede Huber-Abrahamowicz: Das Problem der Kunst Bet Platon. Pp. Vii+64. Winterthur, Switzerland: P. G. Keller, 1954. Paper. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 6 (02):164-165.
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  19. J. L. Ackrill (1955). Proclus' Commentary on Plato's Alcibiades L. G. Westerink: Proclus Diadochus, Commentary on the First Alcibiades of Plato. Pp. Xi+197. Amsterdam: North Holland Publishing Company, 1954. Cloth, Fl. 22.50. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 5 (3-4):271-272.
  20. John Ackrill (1966). Plato on False Belief. The Monist 50 (3):383-402.
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  21. H. B. Acton (1938). The Alleged Fascism of Plato. Philosophy 13 (51):302 - 312.
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  22. Gokhan Adalier (2001). The Case of Theaetetus. Phronesis 46 (1):1-37.
    Any comprehensive interpretation of the "Theaetetus" has to provide answers to, among others, two very general questions concerning that dialogue: "What is Plato's relation to the problems faced in the "Theaetetus"?" and "What is the significance of the absence of the Forms from the discussion of the "Theaetetus", given their undoubted relevance to the topic of the dialogue, i.e. knowledge?" Predominantly, the answer given to the first question in the literature has been that the problems are those that Plato is (...)
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  23. Gokhan Adalier (2001). The Case of "Theaetetus". Phronesis 46 (1):1 - 37.
    Any comprehensive interpretation of the "Theaetetus" has to provide answers to, among others, two very general questions concerning that dialogue: "What is Plato's relation to the problems faced in the "Theaetetus"?" and "What is the significance of the absence of the Forms from the discussion of the "Theaetetus", given their undoubted relevance to the topic of the dialogue, i.e. knowledge?" Predominantly, the answer given to the first question in the literature has been that the problems are those that Plato is (...)
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  24. Adela Marion Adam (1918). Socrates, 'Qvantvm Mvtatvs Ab Illo'. Classical Quarterly 12 (3-4):121-.
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  25. Adela Marion Adam (1913/1977). Plato: Moral and Political Ideals. Exclusively Distributed by Light Impressions Corp..
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  26. J. Adam (1902). Burnet's Republic of Plato Platonis Respublica. Recognovit Brevique Adnotatione Critica Instruxit Joannes Burnet. The Classical Review 16 (04):215-219.
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  27. J. Adam (1902). The Arithmetical Solution of Plato's Number. The Classical Review 16 (01):17-23.
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  28. J. Adam (1901). On Plato, Republic X 616 E. The Classical Review 15 (08):391-393.
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  29. J. Adam (1901). Tucker's Proem to Plato's Republic The Proem to the Ideal Commonwealth of Plato. With Introduction and Critical and Explanatory Notes by T. G. Tucker, Litt.D.(Camb.), Hon. Litt.D. (Dublin). 6s. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 15 (06):317-318.
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  30. J. Adam (1899). Plato, Republic VII. 529 B, C. The Classical Review 13 (01):11-12.
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  31. J. Adam (1899). Plato, Republic VI. 507 D and 507 B. The Classical Review 13 (02):99-100.
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  32. J. Adam (1898). Lutoslawski's Origin and Growth of Plato's Logic The Origin and Growth of Plato's Logic, with an Account of Plato's Style, and of the Chronology of His Writings, by Wincenty Lutoslawski. Longmans, Green and Co. 1897. The Classical Review 12 (04):218-223.
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  33. J. Adam (1897). Emendations of Plato, Republic IX. 580 D and III. 390 A. The Classical Review 11 (07):349-350.
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  34. J. Adam (1896). Four Conjectures on the Republic. The Classical Review 10 (08):384-386.
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  35. J. Adam (1896). Note on Plato, Republic X. 607 C. The Classical Review 10 (02):105-.
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  36. J. Adam (1896). On Some Difficulties in the Platonic Musical Modes. The Classical Review 10 (08):378-379.
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  37. J. Adam (1896). Plato, Republic II. 368 A and Symposium 174B. The Classical Review 10 (05):237-239.
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  38. J. Adam (1894). Dupuis' Theon Smyrnaeus Théon de Smyrne. Exposition des connaissances mathématiques utiles pour la lecture de Platon traduite pour la première fois du Grec en Français. Par J. Dupuis. Épilogue: Le Nombre de Platon (Mémoire Définitif). Paris: Hachette et Cie. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 8 (06):262-263.
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  39. J. Adam (1894). Wohlrab's Republic of Plato Platon's Staat. Erstes Buch. Erklärt von Martin Wohlrab. Leipzig, B. G. Teubner. 1893. 60 Pf. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 8 (06):261-262.
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  40. J. Adam (1892). Cron's Platons Laches Platons Laches. Für den Schulgebrauch erklärt, von Dr Christian Cron. Fünfte Auflage. Leipzig, 1891. Pp. 86. 75 pfg. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 6 (09):392-.
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  41. J. Adam (1892). Plato, Gorgias, Edited on the Basis of Deuschle-Cron's Edition by Gonzalez Lodge, Bryn Mawr College. Ginn and Company. 1891. The Classical Review 6 (1-2):64-65.
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  42. J. Adam (1892). Wohlrab's Platonis Theaetetus Platonis Theaetetum recensuit prolegomenis et commentariis instruxit Martinus Wohlrab. Editio altera. Lipsiae, 1891. Pp. 245. Mk. 3. 60. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 6 (09):391-392.
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  43. J. Adam (1891). The Myth in Plato's Politicus. The Classical Review 5 (10):445-446.
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  44. J. Adam (1890). On Some Passages in the Text of Plato's Theaetetus. The Classical Review 4 (03):102-103.
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  45. J. Adam (1890). On Some Passages in Plato's Republic. The Classical Review 4 (08):356-357.
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  46. J. Adam (1889). The Laches of Plato, with Introduction and Notes by M. T. Tatham, M.A., of Balliol College, Oxford. London: Macmillan & Co., 1888. 2s. 6d. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 3 (1-2):67-68.
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  47. James Adam & D. B. Monro (1892). Mr. Adam and Mr. Monro on the Nuptial Number of Plato. The Classical Review 6 (06):240-244.
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  48. Don Adams (2007). Plato's Lysis. Journal of the History of Philosophy 45 (2):321-322.
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  49. Don Adams (2007). Plato's Lysis (Review). Journal of the History of Philosophy 45 (2):321-322.
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  50. C. S. Adamson (1893). Schanz's Collation of the Bodleian Plato. The Classical Review 7 (10):444-448.
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