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Plato

Edited by Hugh Benson (University of Oklahoma)
Assistant editor: Pierre-Luc Boudreault (University of Western Ontario)
About this topic
Summary Plato (ca. 427-347 B.C.E.) was an Athenian philosopher who is widely recognized among the most important philosophers of the Western world.  Plato can be plausibly credited with the invention of philosophy as we understand it today – the rational, rigorous, and systematic study of fundamental questions concerning ethics, politics, psychology, theology, epistemology, and metaphysics.  He wrote primarily in dialogue form.  Among his most influential views are a commitment to the distinction between changeless, eternal forms and changeable, observable ordinary objects, the immortality of the soul, the distinction between knowledge and true belief and the view that knowledge is in some way recollection, that philosophers should be rulers and rulers philosophers, and that justice is in some way welcomed for its own sake.  He was a follower of Socrates, significantly influenced Aristotle, the Stoics, the Academic skeptics, Plotinus, among others, and founded the Academy, perhaps the first institution of higher learning in the west.
Key works Among the most well-known of Plato’s works (26 generally acknowledged dialogues and 13 more doubtful letters) are the Apology, Crito, Euthyphro, Protagoras, Gorgias, Meno, Phaedo, Republic, Symposium, Theaetetus, and Timaeus.  The standard English translations of the complete works can be found in Cooper & Hutchinson 1997.
Introductions A good place to start studying Plato in general is the entry in Stanford Encyclopedia, Kraut 2008, Hare 1982, and Annas 2003.  Important collections of essays include Vlastos 1973, Kraut 1992, Fine 1999, Fine 1999, Fine 2008, and Benson 2009.
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History/traditions: Plato
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  1. N. A. (1977). Plato. Review of Metaphysics 30 (3):528-529.
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  2. N. A. (1977). Plato. Review of Metaphysics 30 (3):528-529.
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  3. Georgius Acanthius & Joannes Oporinus (1554). Georgij Acanthij Kelhaimeri Philosophiae Platonicae Libri Tres. Cum Locuplete Rerum & Uerborum in Ijsdem Memorabilium Indice. Per Ioannem Oporinum.
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  4. Marcel Van Ackeren (2005). Review: Plato and Analytical Philosophy. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 62 (2):263 - 275.
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  5. J. L. Ackrill (1979). Harold Cherniss: Selected Papers (Edited by Leonardo Tarán). Pp. Ix + 575; Photograph of Author. Leiden: Brill, 1977. Fl. 140. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 29 (02):343-344.
  6. J. L. Ackrill (1964). Demos on Plato: Comments. Journal of Philosophy 61 (20):610-613.
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  7. J. L. Ackrill (1956). Elfriede Huber-Abrahamowicz: Das Problem der Kunst Bet Platon. Pp. Vii+64. Winterthur, Switzerland: P. G. Keller, 1954. Paper. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 6 (02):164-165.
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  8. C. S. Adamson (1893). Schanz's Collation of the Bodleian Plato. The Classical Review 7 (10):444-448.
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  9. A. W. H. Adkins (1971). Rudolf Stein: Megaloprepeia Bei Platon. (Bonn Diss.) Pp. 189. Bonn: Privately Printed, 1965. Paper. The Classical Review 21 (02):290-.
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  10. Karl Albert (2008). Platonismus: Weg Und Wesen Abendländischen Philosophierens. Wbg, Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft.
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  11. D. J. Allan (1959). Jean Van Camp Et Paul Canart: Le Sens du Mot Θε Ος Chez Platon. Pp. 452. Louvain: Nauwelaerts, 1956. Paper, 375 B. Fr. The Classical Review 9 (02):170-171.
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  12. D. J. Allan (1935). L. A. Post: The Vatican Plato and its Relations. Pp. Xi+116. Middletown, Connecticut: American Philological Association, 1934. Cloth. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 49 (05):204-.
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  13. J. M. Alonso-Núñez (1987). Conrado Eggers Lan: Las nociones de tiempo y eternidad de Horneto a Platón. (Cuadernos del Centro de Estudios Clásicos, 19.) Pp. 222. Mexico City: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 1984. Paper. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 37 (02):309-310.
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  14. Julia Annas (1988). Battling for the Soul of Plato Michael C. Stokes: Plato's Socratic Conversations. Drama and Dialectic in Three Dialogues. Pp. Xiii + 520. London: Athlone Press, 1986. £28. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 38 (01):62-64.
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  15. R. D. Archer-Hind (1889). A Last Word. The Classical Review 3 (05):219-220.
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  16. R. S. B. (1962). "Plato (1950-1957)," Lustrum. Review of Metaphysics 15 (3):524-524.
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  17. H. C. Baldry (1932). Plato und der Heraklitismus: ein Beitrag sum Problem der Historie im platonischen Dialog (Philologus, Supplementband XXIII, Heft I). Von Emil Weerts. Pp. 84. Leipzig: Dieterich, 1931. Paper, M. 5.50 (bound, 7). [REVIEW] The Classical Review 46 (05):232-.
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  18. A. Giuseppe Balistreri (2004). La Terapeutica Filosofica: Sul Paradigma Platonico. Lampi di Stampa.
    L'uomo è l'essere aperto, mancante, indefinito, in quanto tale bisognoso al suo essere.
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  19. Edward G. Ballard (1966). Symposium on Plato. Southern Journal of Philosophy 4 (2):101-101.
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  20. Claudia Baracchi (2001). Beyond the Comedy and Tragedy of Authority: The Invisible Father in Plato's. Philosophy and Rhetoric 34 (2):151-176.
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  21. Ernest Barker (1953). Wilhelm Brandenstein: Atlantis: Grösse und Untergang eines geheimnisvollen Inselreiches. Pp. 105. Vienna: Gerold, 1951. Paper, 6.S. 32. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 3 (01):56-.
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  22. Jonathan Barnes (2005). Platonic Prosopography D. Nails: The People of Plato. A Prosopography of Plato and Other Socratics . Pp. Xlviii + 414, Maps. Indianapolis and Cambridge: Hackett Publishing Company, Inc., 2002. Cased, £49. ISBN: 0-87220-564-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 55 (2):443.
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  23. Jonathan Barnes (1977). The Epinomis Leonardo Tarán: Academica: Plato, Philip of Opus, and the Pseudo-Platonic Epinomis. Pp. Viii + 417. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1975. Cloth, $20. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 27 (02):170-171.
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  24. R. Barney (1997). Plato on Conventionalism. Phronesis 42 (2):143 - 162.
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  25. Samuel E. Bassett (1928). Note on ΑΙΝΙΤΤΕΣΘΑΙ, Plato, Apology, 27A, 21B. The Classical Review 42 (02):58-.
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  26. Peter Baumanns (2007). Die Seele-Staat-Analogie Im Blick Auf Platon, Kant Und Schiller. Königshausen & Neumann.
  27. Oskar Becker † (1964). Drei abhandlungen zum lehrgedicht Des parmeniDes. Kant-Studien 55 (1-4):255-259.
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  28. Alexander Becker (2012). Platons Gesprachsdramaturgie und der Leser: Zwei Beispiele aus der iPoliteia/i. Bochumer Philosophisches Jahrbuch Fur Antike Und Mittelalter 14 (1):84-102.
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  29. Frank Beetham (2002). PRESENT OR AORIST? B. Jacquinod, J. Lallot, O. Mortier-Waldschmidt, G. Wakker (edd.): Études sur l'aspect chez Platon . Pp. 381. Saint-Étienne: Publications de l'Université de Saint-Étienne, 2000. Paper, frs. 180/€27.44. ISBN: 2-86272-193-X. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 52 (02):256-.
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  30. Henryk Benisz (2008). Dlaczego Platon nie wykluczył poetów z państwa? Humanistyka I Przyrodoznawstwo 14.
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  31. I. Bergström (2008). Platons Former I Skrift, Konst, Teknik Och Naturvetenskap. Carlssons.
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  32. W. A. Bieber (1936). Boehringer, R., Platon, Bildniss Und Nachweise. Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 30:16-17.
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  33. Thomas A. Blackson (2001). Studies in Plato's Two-Level Model. Ancient Philosophy 21 (2):480-482.
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  34. D. L. Blank (1993). Platon Und Die Schriftlichkeit der Philosophie: Interpretationen Zu den Frühen Und Mittleren Dialogen. Ancient Philosophy 13 (2):414-426.
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  35. R. S. Bluck (1961). Platon, Briefe. Übersetzt und eingeleitet von Johannes Irmscher. Pp. 122. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, 1960. Cloth, DM. 8.50. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 11 (03):291-292.
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  36. Dougal Blyth (2002). The past in Plato B. Wilke: Vergangenheit AlS Norm in der Platonischen staatsphilosophie . (Philosophie der antike, 4.) pp. 276. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner verlag, 1997. Cased, €63.00/sw. Frs. 100.80. Isbn: 3-515-06619-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 52 (02):254-.
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  37. Christopher Bobonich (1994). Akrasia and Agency in Plato's Laws and Republic. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 76 (1):3-36.
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  38. Stefania Bonfiglioli (2008). Agalma: Icone E Simboli Tra Platone E Il Neoplatonismo. Pàtron.
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  39. Zamora Bonilla & P. Jesús (2011). La Caverna de Platón y Los Cuarenta Ladrones: Divertimentos Sobre Filosofía, Religión, Ciencia y Racionalidad. Pourquoi-Pas Editores.
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  40. N. B. Booth (1957). Two Points of Translation in Plato "Epinomis" 990 C 5-991 B 4. Phronesis 2 (2):160 - 161.
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  41. N. B. Booth (1957). Two Points of Translation in Plato Epinomis 990 C 5-991 B 4. Phronesis 2 (2):160-161.
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  42. T. I͡U Borodaĭ (2008). Rozhdenie Filosofskogo Poni͡atii͡a: Bog I Materii͡a V Dialogakh Platona.
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  43. H. Box (1928). The Epinomis of Plato. Translated, with Introduction and Notes, by J. Harward. Pp. 146. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1928. 5s. Net. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 42 (04):148-.
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  44. Sara Brill (2007). Review Articles. Research in Phenomenology 37 (3):456-463.
  45. Robert S. Brumbaugh (1968). Symbolism in the Plato Scholia. Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 31:1-11.
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  46. Robert S. Brumbaugh (1965). Logical and Mathematical Symbolism in the Plato Scholia, II. A Thousand Years of Diffusion and Redesign. Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 28:1-13.
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  47. R. G. Bury (1935). Gerhard Müller: Der Aufbau der Bücher II und VII von Platans Gesetzen. Pp. 109. Weida i. Thür.: Thomas und Hubert, 1935. Paper. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 49 (06):240-.
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  48. R. G. Bury (1905). Plato gegen Sokrates. Interpretationen von Dr Ernst Horneffer. Teubner: Leipzig, 1904. Pp. 82. The Classical Review 19 (1):69.
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  49. R. G. Bury (1894). Δναμις and Φσις in Plato. The Classical Review 8 (07):297-300.
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  50. A. W. Byvanck (1955). De Beeldende Kunst in den Tijd van Plato. Noord-Hollandsche Uitg. Mij.
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