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Poststructuralism

Edited by Leonard Lawlor (Pennsylvania State University)
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Summary This section covers the research area that is usually called "poststructuralism." It includes mainly French philosophers of the second half of the 20th century, philosophers like Foucault, Derrida, Deleuze, Deleuze and Guattari, and Lyotard. The area overlaps with psychoanalysis as with Guattari and Lacan. The main idea behind the title "poststructuralism" is that this group of French philosophers reacted to the development of structural linguistics and anthropology in the 1960s. They reacted by appropriating the idea that the meanings of signs are not positivities, but negativities whose content is determined by differences from other meanings and signs.This group of philosophers used the idea of a fundamental differentiation to criticize phenomenology. But like structuralism this group also appropriated phenomenological ideas. In particular, they appropriated the idea that intentionality (after being criticized) involved the projection of a meaning that is infinitely determinable. In addition to structuralism and phenomenology, this group of philosophers also appropriated ideas from Marxism. All of these philosophers criticize capitalism and globalization. Finally, the title "poststructuralism" is somewhat misleading. While appropriating some ideas from structuralism, this group of philosophers constructed original concepts and in some cases novel philosophical systems.
Key works Structuralism Phenomenology Psychoanalysis Marxism Deconstruction Archeology Genealogy
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Related categories
Subcategories:
Alain Badiou (463)
Judith Butler* (385)
Gilles Deleuze (3,238)
Jacques Derrida (3,606 | 1,757)
Michel Foucault (3,607)
Jacques Lacan* (891)

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  1. William S. Allen (2009). Dead Transcendence: Blanchot, Heidegger, and the Reverse of Language. Research in Phenomenology 39 (1):69-98.
    In this essay I will examine the development of the notion of transcendence in Blanchot's early critical writings. Doing so indicates the radical way that Blanchot reconfigures this central ontological and theological term by way of his readings of the literary use of language. In turn this exposes the essential relation between finitude and literature, something which the second part of the essay will examine by way of Heidegger's study of the myth of Er.
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  2. Emmanuel Alloa (2005). Bare Exteriority. Philosophy of the Image and the Image of Philosophy in Martin Heidegger and Maurice Blanchot. Colloquy (10):69-82.
    The article explores the striking coincidences in Heidegger's and Blanchot's account of the image as death mask. The analysis of the respective theories of the image brings forth two radically divergent conceptions of thinking as "laying patent" (Heidegger) and of thinking as "laying bare" (Blanchot).
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  3. Leslie Boldt-Irons, Corrado Federici & Ernesto Virgulti (eds.) (2010). Re-Writing, Re-Thinking, Re-Inventing in the Studies on Themes and Motifs in Literature Series). Peter Lang.
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  4. Aryeh Botwinick (1993). Postmodernism and Democratic Theory. Temple University Press.
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  5. John P. Burke (2006). Max Pensky, Ed., Globalizing Critical Theory Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 26 (2):120-123.
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  6. Peter Caws (1999). The Moral Theory of Poststructuralism. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 59 (1):271-273.
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  7. Michelle Ciurria (2012). Diane Enns, The Violence of Victimhood. [REVIEW] Symposium: Canadian Journal of Continental Philosophy/Revue canadienne de philosophie continentale 16 (2):284-287.
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  8. Orville Clark (1982). Politics, Comedy, and the Work of Revolution. Man and World 15 (2):189-196.
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  9. Aurel Teodor Codoban (2011). From the “Camera Obscura” to the Computer, or How Does the Image Become an Apparent Indexical Sign. Journal for Communication and Culture 1 (1):4-19.
    The triumph of the image in contemporary culture is as obvious as the triumph of the body within the Western civilization. However, what has been less noticed is that it is also as partial and specific. As it is not the body in its metaphysical certainty that had triumphed, but only the body as a register of meanings (only the body as language), what triumphs in this civilization is also only a certain type of image. This is because when we, (...)
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  10. J. -F. Collange (1988). Philippe Melanchthon Et Jean Sturm, Humanistes Et Pédagogues de la Réforme. Revue D'Histoire Et de Philosophie Religieuses 68 (1):5-18.
  11. John J. Connolly (2013). Brahman and the Signifier. International Journal of Žižek Studies 7.
    This essay contrasts two characterizations of the subject: One derived from continental philosophy—the subject as a lack of being, and the other, derived from ancient Indian philosophy of Vedanta, which posits the subject as plenum. This modern contrast of viewpoints reveals how reason breaks down when faced with what is immediate, over-proximate, and primordially inaccessible in human experience. A modern examination of the fundamental tenets of Advaita Vedanta demonstrates how the linguistic signifier functions in thought’s native impulse towards totality, unity, (...)
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  12. Sam Cowling (2010). Michael Jubien, Possibility Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 30 (1):47-49.
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  13. David Crownfield (1993). God Among the Signifiers. Man and World 26 (1):83-91.
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  14. Roger Dadoun (1993). La Violence Essai Sur l'"Homo Violens".
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  15. G. Dahl (1996). Will `The Other God' Fail Again?: On the Possible Return of the Conservative Revolution. Theory, Culture and Society 13 (1):25-50.
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  16. D. Von Dalen, M. Dehn, G. Deleuze, G. Desargues, M. Detlefsen, P. G. L. Dirichlet, P. Dugac, M. Dummett, W. G. Dwyer & M. Eckehardt (2006). Curtis, C. VV. 255. In José Ferreirós Domínguez & Jeremy Gray (eds.), The Architecture of Modern Mathematics: Essays in History and Philosophy. Oxford University Press
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  17. Arleen B. Dallery & Charles E. Scott (eds.) (1989). The Question of the Other: Essays in Contemporary Continental Philosophy. State University of New York Press.
    Papers based on the work of Emmanuel Levinas' account of the face of the other.
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  18. Aengus Daly (2011). Mikel Dufrenne , The Notion of the A Priori . Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 31 (2):93-95.
  19. G. Daly (1999). Politics and the Impossible: Beyond Psychoanalysis and Deconstruction. Theory, Culture and Society 16 (4):75-98.
    This article focuses on the recent work of Slavoj Žižek and his extensive critique of poststructuralism and deconstruction from a Lacanian perspective. In this context, it examines Žižek's provocative approach to questions of social reality, ideology and nationalism, and explores the potential of such an approach for an analysis of crucial themes in British political culture. In addition, the article investigates the nature of the encounter between psychoanalysis and deconstruction — and especially where explicit referral is made to the terrain (...)
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  20. E. Valentine Daniel (1996). Charred Lullabies Chapters in an Anthropography of Violence. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  21. Ricardo Avalone Athanásio Dantas (2013). Técnica, política E percepção: Um diálogo entre B. stiegler, G. simondon E j. Rancière. Cadernos Do Pet Filosofia 4 (8):1-12.
    Em filosofia é comum o empenho em uma busca normativa, normatividade esta que aparece nos processos perceptivos quando o sujeito entra em relação com realidades de uma ordem de magnitude diferente da sua . Não acontece de outra maneira quando se trata de filosofar sobre a técnica – com efeito, em que ordem ou nível de magnitude em relação a nós ela – a técnica – se situa? Pensamos que a primeira condição para responder a tal pergunta é formulá-la em (...)
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  22. Anirbāṇa Dāśa (ed.) (2007). Bāṃlāẏa Binirmāṇa, Abinirmāṇa. Ababhāsa.
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  23. Bernard Dauenhauer (1991). Deconstructive Politics: A Critique. [REVIEW] Human Studies 14 (4):311 - 330.
  24. Bernard P. Dauenhauer (1989). Ideology, Utopia, and Responsible Politics. Man and World 22 (1):25-41.
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  25. Bernard P. Dauenhauer (1982). Structuralism and the New Subjectivity. Man and World 15 (3):299-310.
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  26. Bahar Davary (2006). Violence in the Text. In R. Joseph Hoffmann (ed.), The Just War and Jihad. Prometheus Press 121.
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  27. Booth David (1985). Nietzsche on «The Subject as Multiplicity». Man and World 14 (2).
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  28. Alastair Davidson (1987). Reviews : E. Laclau and C. Mouffe, Hegemony and Socialist Strategy: Towards a Radical Democratic Politics (Verso, London, 1985). Thesis Eleven 16 (1):148-150.
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  29. Christa Davis Acampora (1999). Kelly Oliver and Marilyn Pearsall, Eds., Feminist Interpretations of Friedrich Nietzsche Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 19 (3):216-218.
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  30. Jennifer Davis (2010). Grant Gillett, Subjectivity and Being Somebody: Human Identity and Neuroethics Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 30 (1):42-44.
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  31. Robert Con Davis (2008). The Case for a Post-Structuralist Mimesis. American Journal of Semiotics 3 (3):49 - 72.
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  32. Marie-Magdeleine Davy (1961). Notion de l'homme et de l'univers au XII E siècle. Les Etudes Philosophiques 16 (1):31 - 38.
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  33. Iurii Nikolaevich Davydov (1982). Etika Liubvi I Metafizika Svoevoliia Problemy Nravstvennoi Filosofii. "Molodaia Gvardiia".
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  34. Gertrude James González de Allen (2012). In Search of Epistemic Freedom: Afro-Caribbean Philosophy's Contributions to Continental Philosophy. Journal of Speculative Philosophy 26 (2):394-403.
  35. Me José Moacir de Aquino, Rogério Santos Dos Prazeres & Leandro Elias Marques Vieira (2012). Paradigma Para a Defesa da Descrença: Crítica de Friedrich Nietzsche À Religião Cristã. Revista de Teologia (Reveleteo). Issn 2177-952x 6 (9):p - 55.
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  36. Karin de Boer (2003). Hegel's Antigone and the Dialectics of Sexual Difference. Philosophy Today 47 (5):140-146.
  37. Marina de Carneri (2003). The Subject and the Feminine. Dissertation, State University of New York at Buffalo
    My dissertation entitled The Subject and the Feminine investigates the evolution of the category of the subject after the Freudian discovery of the unconscious. Is it possible and desirable to eliminate the category of the subject in the name of a generic anti-essentialism? Following the impulse of the Freudian and Lacanian reconfiguration of subjectivity and Heidegger's re-thinking of the question of being, I argue that we must retain the notion of the subject, but that we must theorize it differently, that (...)
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  38. Malcolm de Chazal (1949). Message aux Français. Synthèses.
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  39. Jacqueline de Durand-Forest, Georges Baudot & Jacques Soustelle (1995). Mille Ans de Civilisations Mésoaméricaines des Mayas aux Aztèques : Mélanges En l'Honneur de Jacques Soustelle. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
  40. Joseph de Finance (1947). A Report on French Philosophy. Modern Schoolman 25 (1):26-31.
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  41. Maurizio De Innocentiis (1994). Secolarizzazione e crisi del soggetto in C.G. Jung. Idee 26:229-246.
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  42. David De los Reyes (2012). Democracia y sexualidad. Un homenaje a Wilhelm Reich. Apuntes Filosóficos 19 (37).
    Nuestro ensayo aborda el tema de la democracia y la sexualidad en las sociedades autoritarias. La importancia del tema para la reflexión filosófica política contemporánea no dejó de ser retomado por diversidad de autores, como ha quedado confirmado desde Freud, Reich, Marcuse a Foucacult, Giddens, Beck, entre otros. Para ello nos centramos en la idea de alternabilidad democrática y la constitución de la personalidad democrática a partir de la sexualidad. A la vez, queremos en esta oportunidad hacer un homenaje a (...)
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  43. Pierre-Louis de Massac & Arkstée et Merkus (1756). Les Amusemens des Gens D'Esprit. Chez Arkstée & Merkus.
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  44. P. de Meester (1981). «Philippe Et L'eunuque Éthiopien» Ou «le Baptême D'un Pèlerin De Nubie»? Nouvelle Revue Théologique 103 (3):360-374.
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  45. Bureau D'adresse Et de Rencontre, G. Havers, John Davies & Théophraste Renaudot (1665). Another Collection of Philosophical Conferences of the French Virtuosi Upon Questions of All Sorts for the Improving of Natural Knowledg Made in the Assembly of the Beaux Esprits at Paris by the Most Ingenious Persons of That Nation. Printed for Thomas Dring and John Starkey and Are to Be Sold at Their Shops.
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  46. Alexandre Franco de Sá (2012). Liberal Democracy and Domination: A Cryptopolitics of Populations. Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 2012 (161):16-27.
    ExcerptContemporary Western societies have a peculiar relationship with their political foundations. On the one hand, after the collapse of big metaphysical narratives and the appearance of what has been called the “weak thought” of postmodernity, liberal democracies developed the idea that they were the fulfillment of multicultural “open societies,” societies that, characterized by the coexistence of different moral and religious beliefs, do not allude to any comprehensive doctrine of the good or to any public philosophical or theological-political background. On the (...)
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  47. J. De Vos (2016). The Death and the Resurrection of Critique: The Case of Neuroeducation. Foundations of Science 21 (1):129-145.
    A rapidly emerging hegemonic neuro-culture and a booming neural subjectivity signal the entry point for an inquiry into the status of the signifier neuro as a universal passe-partout. The wager of this paper is that the various appropriations of the neurosciences in the media and in academia itself point to something essential, if not structural, in connection with both the discipline of the neurosciences and the current socio-cultural and ideological climate. Starting from the case of neuroeducation, the genealogy of the (...)
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  48. Marc de Wilde (forthcoming). Walter Benjamin's Anti-Idolatrous Politics: Martel's Divine Violence and Textual Conspiracies. Theory and Event 15 (3).
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  49. Patricia Ann De Young (2000). Thriving on Difficult Knowledge Poststructuralist Pedagogy and Relational Psychoanalysis.
  50. Shannon Dea (2013). Hasana Sharp , Spinoza and the Politics of Renaturalization . Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 33 (3):232–234.
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