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  1. Dominic Abrams & Michael A. Hogg (1990). The Context of Discourse: Let's Not Throw Out the Baby with the Bathwater. Philosophical Psychology 3 (2 & 3):219 – 225.
    An examination of Ian Parker's definitions of discourse reveals them to be non-distinctive and of limited utility. It is argued that discourse analysis should be integrated with, rather than set against, social psychology. Discourse analysts should attend to the issues of the representativeness and generality of their evidence, should be wary of attributing causality to discourse, and should consider the advantages of systematically investigating, rather than asserting, the social consequences of the use of different discourses.
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  2. Fred Adams & Annie Steadman (2004). Intentional Action and Moral Considerations: Still Pragmatic. Analysis 64 (3):268 - 276.
  3. Jonas Åkerman (2009). A Plea for Pragmatics. Synthese 170 (1):155 - 167.
    Let intentionalism be the view that what proposition is expressed in context by a sentence containing indexicals depends on the speaker’s intentions. It has recently been argued that intentionalism makes communicative success mysterious and that there are counterexamples to the intentionalist view in the form of cases of mismatch between the intended interpretation and the intuitively correct interpretation. In this paper, I argue that these objections can be met, once we acknowledge that we may distinguish what determines the correct interpretation (...)
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  4. Keith Allan & Kasia Jaszczolt (eds.) (2012). Cambridge Handbook of Pragmatics. Cambridge University Press.
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  5. Jens Allwood (2012). Cognition, Communication, and Readiness for Language. Pragmatics and Cognition 20 (2):334-355.
    This review article discusses some problems and needs for clarification that are connected with the use of the concepts culture, language, tool, and communication in Daniel Everett's recently published book, Language: The Cultural Tool . It also discusses whether the idea of biological readiness and preparedness for language (rather than grammar) can really be disposed of as a result of Everett's very convincing arguments against a specific genetic predisposition for the syntactic component of a grammar. Finally, it calls into question (...)
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  6. Maria Aloni (2005). A Formal Treatment of the Pragmatics of Questions and Attitudes. Linguistics and Philosophy 28 (5):505 - 539.
    This article discusses pragmatic aspects of our interpretation of intensional constructions like questions and prepositional attitude reports. In the first part, it argues that our evaluation of these constructions may vary relative to the identification methods operative in the context of use. This insight is then given a precise formalization in a possible world semantics. In the second part, an account of actual evaluations of questions and attitudes is proposed in the framework of bi-directional optimality theory. Pragmatic meaning selections are (...)
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  7. Cristina Amoretti, Carlo Penco & Federico Pitto (eds.) (2009). Towards and Analytic Pragmatism. CEUR WS.
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  8. Edgar Andrade-Lotero & Catarina Dutilh Novaes (2012). A Contentious Trinity: Levels of Entailment in Brandom's Pragmatist Inferentialism. Philosophia 40 (1):41-53.
    We investigate the relations among Brandom’s three dimensions of semantic inferential articulation, namely, incompatibility entailments, committive consequences, and permissive consequences. In his unpublished manuscript “Conceptual Content and Discursive Practice” Brandom argues that (1) incompatibility entailment implies committive consequence, and that (2) committive consequence in turn implies permissive consequence. We criticize this hierarchy both on internal and external grounds. Firstly, we prove that, using Brandom’s own definitions, the reverse of (1) also holds, and that the reverse of (2) may hold (but (...)
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  9. Horacio Arlo-Costa, Full Belief, Supposition, and Personal Probablility.
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  10. Jay D. Atlas (2007). On a Pragmatic Explanation of Negative Polarity Licensing. In Noel Burton-Roberts (ed.), Pragmatics. Palgrave Macmillan 10--23.
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  11. Jay David Atlas (1984). Comparative Adjectives and Adverbials of Degree: An Introduction to Radically Radical Pragmatics. [REVIEW] Linguistics and Philosophy 7 (4):347 - 377.
  12. Salvatore Attardo (1997). Competition and Cooperation: Beyond Gricean Pragmatics. Pragmatics and Cognitionpragmatics and Cognition 5 (1):21-50.
    An argument is presented for augmenting Gricean pragmatics with cognitively significant information about whether the participants in the interaction share the same goals, the same amount of information, and the degree of their awareness of both. The additions handle situations of competitive conversational exchanges, where the cooperative principle has been claimed to be inoperative, and show that cooperation underlies competitive exchanges as well. Some examples of competitive exchanges are examined, including witness cross-examination, sales pitches, propaganda, and lies.
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  13. Luca Baptista & Erich Rast (2010). Meaning and Context. Peter Lang.
    The contextual contributions to meaning are at the core of the debate about the semantics/pragmatics distinction, one of the liveliest topics in current philosophy of language and linguistics. The controversy between semantic minimalists and contextualists regarding context and semantic content is a conspicuous example of the debate's relevance. This collection of essays, written by leading philosophers as well as talented young researchers, offers new approaches to the ongoing discussion about the status of lexical meaning and the role of context dependence (...)
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  14. Dorit Bar-On & Richard Moore (forthcoming). Pragmatic Interpretation and Signaler-Receiver Asymmetries in Animal Communication. In Kristin Andrews Jacob Beck (ed.), Routledge Handbook for the Philosophy of Animal Minds. Routledge
    Researchers have converged on the idea that a pragmatic understanding of communication can shed important light on the evolution of language. Accordingly, animal communication scientists have been keen to adopt insights from pragmatics research. Some authors couple their appeal to pragmatic aspects of communication with the claim that there are fundamental asymmetries between signalers and receivers in non-human animals. For example, in the case of primate vocal calls, signalers are said to produce signals unintentionally and mindlessly, whereas receivers are thought (...)
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  15. John A. Barker (1972). Pragmatics and Definite Descriptions. Tulane Studies in Philosophy 21:63-84.
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  16. Jeffrey Barrett, Pure Pragmatics and the Transcendence of Belief.
    Accuracy in the philosophical theory of rationality demands that we recognize particular beliefs as arising within the context of larger units, the cultural or conceptual schemes, patterns, or practices, involvement in which itself provides standards and grounds for their rational evaluation. At the same time, though, a satisfactory account of rationality cannot hold the standards, values, or commitments of one particular culture, practice, or conceptual scheme, even one’s own, immune from rational criticism. In order to accurately and responsibly picture the (...)
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  17. Christian Barth & Holger Sturm (eds.) (2012). Brandoms Expressive Vernunft. Historische und Systematische Untersuchungen. Mentis.
  18. R. Batchelor (2011). Topic-Neutrality. Mind 120 (477):1-9.
    The paper suggests a definition of the idea of topic-neutrality, and indicates some of the consequences of identifying logicality with topic-neutrality so defined.
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  19. Peter Baumann (2016). Epistemic Contrastivism, Knowledge and Practical Reasoning. Erkenntnis 81 (1):59-68.
    Epistemic contrastivism is the view that knowledge is a ternary relation between a person, a proposition and a set of contrast propositions. This view is in tension with widely shared accounts of practical reasoning: be it the claim that knowledge of the premises is necessary for acceptable practical reasoning based on them or sufficient for the acceptability of the use of the premises in practical reasoning, or be it the claim that there is a looser connection between knowledge and practical (...)
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  20. Pierre Baumann (2011). ¿Descripciones definidas referenciales? Princípios 18 (29):285-298.
    This paper questions the claim that definite descriptions have a referential semantics. Two possible definitions of “referential meaning” are discussed, and it is argued that definite descriptions are not referential according to either one. Devitt’s (2004, 2007) recent account of descriptions’ referential meaning is also briefly examined, and some problems with it are pointed out. It is suggested (though not shown) that the troubles with specifying exactly in what sense definite descriptions are referential point to the incoherence of the very (...)
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  21. Arvid Båve (2008). A Pragmatic Defense of Millianism. Philosophical Studies 138 (2):271 - 289.
    A new kind of defense of the Millian theory of names is given, which explains intuitive counter-examples as depending on pragmatic effects of the relevant sentences, by direct application of Grice’s and Sperber and Wilson’s Relevance Theory and uncontroversial assumptions. I begin by arguing that synonyms are always intersubstitutable, despite Mates’ considerations, and then apply the method to names. Then, a fairly large sample of cases concerning names are dealt with in related ways. It is argued that the method, as (...)
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  22. Matthew A. Benton, Paul Grice. Oxford Bibliographies in Philosophy.
    Reference guide to Paul Grice and the literature arising from his work, particularly in philosophy of language and mind.
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  23. Jonathan Berg (2012). Direct Belief: An Essay on the Semantics, Pragmatics, and Metaphysics of Belief. De Gruyter Mouton.
    Jonathan Berg argues for the Theory of Direct Belief, which treats having a belief about an individual as an unmediated relation between the believer and the individual the belief is about. After a critical review of alternative positions, Berg uses Grice's theory of conversational implicature to provide a detailed pragmatic account of substitution failure in belief ascriptions and goes on to defend this view against objections, including those based on an unwarranted "Inner Speech" Picture of Thought. The work serves as (...)
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  24. Harrison Bernard (1994). Symposium: Truth, Meaning and Literature. British Journal of Aesthetics 34 (4):376-381.
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  25. Anne Bezuidenhout, Centering Theory and the Processing of Parentheticals.
    Centering Theory (CT) as articulated by Grosz et al. (1995) is a theory intended to model some of the factors that influence local coherence in a discourse. The idea is that at any one time there are a number of entities that are at the center of attention. Each utterance n that makes up a discourse potentially has two sorts of discourse ‘centers’, an ordered set of forward-looking centers, Cf(uttn), that provide potential links to upcoming utterances, and a single backward-looking (...)
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  26. Simon Blackburn (1999). Mind, Language, and Society. Journal of Philosophy 96 (12):626-629.
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  27. Simon Blackburn (1998). The Last Word. Philosophical Review 107 (4):653-656.
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  28. Simon Blackburn (1976). Review: Mind and Language. [REVIEW] Philosophical Quarterly 26 (105):354 - 362.
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  29. Dietrich Böhler (2013). Verbindlichkeit Aus Dem Diskurs: Denken Und Handeln Nach der Sprachpragmatischen Wende. Alber.
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  30. Renée Jorgensen Bolinger (2015). The Pragmatics of Slurs. Noûs 49 (1).
    I argue that the offense generation pattern of slurring terms parallels that of impoliteness behaviors, and is best explained by appeal to similar purely pragmatic mechanisms. In choosing to use a slurring term rather than its neutral counterpart, the speaker signals that she endorses the term . Such an endorsement warrants offense, and consequently slurs generate offense whenever a speaker's use demonstrates a contrastive preference for the slurring term. Since this explanation comes at low theoretical cost and imposes few constraints (...)
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  31. Renée Jorgensen Bolinger (2015). The Pragmatics of Slurs. Noûs 50 (3).
    I argue that the offense generation pattern of slurring terms parallels that of impoliteness behaviors, and is best explained by appeal to similar purely pragmatic mechanisms. In choosing to use a slurring term rather than its neutral counterpart, the speaker signals that she endorses the term. Such an endorsement warrants offense, and consequently slurs generate offense whenever a speaker's use demonstrates a contrastive preference for the slurring term. Since this explanation comes at low theoretical cost and imposes few constraints on (...)
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  32. Jean-François Bonnefon & Guy Politzer (2011). Pragmatics, Mental Models and One Paradox of the Material Conditional. Mind and Language 26 (2):141-155.
    Most instantiations of the inference ‘y; so if x, y’ seem intuitively odd, a phenomenon known as one of the paradoxes of the material conditional. A common explanation of the oddity, endorsed by Mental Model theory, is based on the intuition that the conclusion of the inference throws away semantic information. We build on this explanation to identify two joint conditions under which the inference becomes acceptable: (a) the truth of x has bearings on the relevance of asserting y; and (...)
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  33. Steffen Borge (2012). Communication, Cooperation and Conflict. ProtoSociology 29.
    According to Steven Pinker and his associates the cooperative model of human communication fails, because evolutionary biology teaches us that most social relationships, including talk-exchange, involve combinations of cooperation and conflict. In particular, the phenomenon of the strategic speaker who uses indirect speech in order to be able to deny what he meant by a speech act (deniability of conversational implicatures) challenges the model. In reply I point out that interlocutors can aim at understanding each other (cooperation), while being in (...)
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  34. Steffen Borge (2012). Communication, Conflict and Cooperation. ProtoSociology 29.
    According to Steven Pinker and his associates the cooperative model of human communication fails, because evolutionary biology teaches us that most social relationships, including talk-exchange, involve combinations of cooperation and conflict. In particular, the phenomenon of the strategic speaker who uses indirect speech in order to be able to deny what he meant by a speech act (deniability of conversational implicatures) challenges the model. In reply I point out that interlocutors can aim at understanding each other (cooperation), while being in (...)
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  35. Oliver Bott, Fabian Schlotterbeck & Jakub Szymanik (2011). Tractable Versus Intractable Reciprocal Sentences. In J. Bos & S. Pulman (eds.), Proceedings of the International Conference on Computational Semantics 9.
    In three experiments, we investigated the computational complexity of German reciprocal sentences with different quantificational antecedents. Building upon the tractable cognition thesis (van Rooij, 2008) and its application to the verification of quantifiers (Szymanik, 2010) we predicted complexity differences among these sentences. Reciprocals with all-antecedents are expected to preferably receive a strong interpretation (Dalrymple et al., 1998), but reciprocals with proportional or numerical quantifier antecedents should be interpreted weakly. Experiment 1, where participants completed pictures according to their preferred interpretation, provides (...)
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  36. David Braybrooke (2003). Toward an Alliance Between the Issue-Processing Approach and Pragma-Dialectical Analysis. Argumentation 17 (4):513-535.
    On the approach to discussions of policy choices that treats such discussions as instances of issue-processing, the joint use of the logic of questions and the logic of rules gives precise formulation to two sorts of issues. To one sort of issue belong issue-circumscribing questions; to another sort, issues-simplicter, which consist of disjunctions of policy proposals – so many proposed social rules – that are answers, in the case of each disjunction, to a given issue-circumscribing question. Work in pragma-dialectics can (...)
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  37. Rita Brock (1982). Feminism and Process Thought. Process Studies 12 (1):46-50.
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  38. B. Brogaard (2012). Truth-Conditional Pragmatics * by Francois Recanati. Analysis 72 (4):846-849.
  39. Felix Budelmann (2007). De Jong (I.J.F.), Rijksbaron (A.) (Edd.) Sophocles and the Greek Language. Aspects of Diction, Syntax and Pragmatics. (Mnemosyne Supplementum 269.) Pp. Xiv + 267. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2006. Cased, ???102, US$146. ISBN: 978-90-04-14752-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 57 (01):21-.
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  40. V. C. C. (1956). Signs, Language, and Behavior. Review of Metaphysics 9 (4):708-708.
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  41. B.�Atrice Cahour & Lyn Pemberton (2001). Keeping the Peace: A Model of Conversational Positioning in Collaborative Design Dialogues. [REVIEW] AI and Society 15 (4):344-358.
    This paper presents findings from a linguistic and psychosocial analysis of nine design dialogues that sets out to investigate the interweaving of transactional and interpersonal threads in collaborative work. We sketch a model of the participants' positioning towards their own or their partner's design proposals, together with the conversational cues which indicate this positioning. Our aim is to integrate the role of interpersonal relationships into the study of cooperation, to stress the importance of this dimension for the quality of collective (...)
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  42. Patrizia Calefato (1994). Europa Fenicia Identità Linguistica, Comunità, Linguaggio Come Pratica Sociale.
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  43. Angelo Cangelosi (2006). The Grounding and Sharing of Symbols. Pragmatics and Cognition 14 (2):275-286.
    The double function of language, as a social/communicative means, and as an individual/cognitive capability, derives from its fundamental property that allows us to internally re-represent the world we live in. This is possible through the mechanism of symbol grounding, i.e., the ability to associate entities and states in the external and internal world with internal categorical representations. The symbol grounding mechanism, as language, has both an individual and a social component. The individual component, called the “Physical Symbol Grounding“, refers to (...)
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  44. Paola Cantù & Italo Testa (2006). Teorie dell’argomentazione. Un’introduzione alle logiche del dialogo. Bruno Mondadori.
    TABLE OF CONTENTS -/- I. La rinascita novecentesca 1. Chaïm Perelman: la nuova retorica 2. Stephen Toulmin: la pratica logica e l’uso degli argomenti 3. Ragionamento e linguaggio: la logica naturale di Jean-Blaise Grize -/- II. La logica informale 1. Informale vs. formale? 2. Il concetto di argomento 3. La ripresa della teoria di Paul Grice 4. La ricostruzione degli argomenti 5. La valutazione degli argomenti: le fallacie 6. Il network problem -/- III. Dialogo e dialettica 1. La logica dialogica (...)
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  45. Niels Jørgen Cappelørn & Jon Stewart (eds.) (1997). Kierkegaard Revisited: Proceedings From the Conference "Kierkegaard and the Meaning of Meaning It", Copenhagen, May 5-9, 1996. [REVIEW] Walter De Gruyter.
    Three Score Years with Kierkegaard's Writings By HOWARD V. HONG The Conference Program Committee has suggested that I speak on »My Life with ...
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  46. Aleksandar Čarapić (2006). Andrea E. Tyler, Mari Takada, Yiyoung Kim, and Diana Marinova ,Language in Use: Cognitive and Discourse Perspective on Language and Language Learning. [REVIEW] Pragmatics and Cognitionpragmatics and Cognition 14 (3):597-601.
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  47. Fabrizio Cariani (2012). Truth-Conditional Pragmatics. By Francois Recanati. (Oxford UP, 2010. Pp. Vii + 324. Price £55.00 (Hardcover), £18.99 (Paperback).). [REVIEW] Philosophical Quarterly 62 (247):415-418.
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  48. Robyn Carston, A Response to Noel Burton-Roberts.
    Metalinguistic negation is interesting for at least the following two reasons: it is one instance of the much broader, very widespread and various, phenomenon of metarepresentational use in linguistic communication, whose semantic and pragmatic properties are currently being extensively explored by both linguists and philosophers of language; it plays a central role in recent accounts of presupposition-denial cases, such as "The king of France is not bald; there is no king of France". It is this latter employment that discussion of (...)
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  49. Marc Champagne (forthcoming). Brandom, Peirce, and the Overlooked Friction of Contrapiction. Synthese:1-16.
    Robert Brandom holds that what we mean is best understood in terms of what inferences we are prepared to defend, and that such a defence is best understood in terms of rule-governed social interactions. This manages to explain quite a lot. However, for those who think that there is more to making correct/incorrect inferences than obeying/breaking accepted rules, Brandom’s account fails to adequately capture what it means to reason properly. Thus, in an effort to sketch an alternative that does not (...)
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  50. William Charlton (1985). Beyond the Literal Meaning. British Journal of Aesthetics 25 (3):220-231.
1 — 50 / 228