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Psychiatric Ethics

Edited by Serife Tekin (University of Pittsburgh, Dalhousie University, Daemen College)
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  1. Norman Abeles (1996). Ethical Conflicts in Psychology (Book). Ethics and Behavior 6 (1):71 – 74.
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  2. Tineke A. Abma & Guy Am Widdershoven (2006). Moral Deliberation in Psychiatric Nursing Practice. Nursing Ethics 13 (5):546-557.
    Moral deliberation has been receiving more attention in nursing ethics. Several ethical conversation models have been developed. This article explores the feasibility of the so-called CARE (Considerations, Actions, Reasons, Experiences) model as a framework for moral deliberation in psychiatric nursing practice. This model was used in combination with narrative and dialogical approaches to foster discourse between various stakeholders about coercion in a closed admission clinic in a mental hospital in the Netherlands. The findings demonstrate that the CARE model provides a (...)
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  3. Halpern Abraham, Halpern John & Doherty Sean (2008). " Enhanced" Interrogation of Detainees: Do Psychologists and Psychiatrists Participate? Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 3.
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  4. D. Adamis (2005). Capacity, Consent, and Selection Bias in a Study of Delirium. Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (3):137-143.
    Objectives: To investigate whether different methods of obtaining informed consent affected recruitment to a study of delirium in older, medically ill hospital inpatients.Design: Open randomised study.Setting: Acute medical service for older people in an inner city teaching hospital.Participants: Patients 70 years or older admitted to the unit within three days of hospital admission randomised into two groups.Intervention: Attempted recruitment of subjects to a study of the natural history of delirium. This was done by either a formal test of capacity, followed (...)
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  5. D. G. Adshead (2000). Psychiatric Ethics: S Bloch, P Chodoff, S Agreen, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1999, 531 Pages, Pound65 (Hb) Pound34.50 (Pb). [REVIEW] Journal of Medical Ethics 26 (3):220-a-221.
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  6. G. Adshead (1999). Ethical Issues in Mental Illness. Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (1):67-68.
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  7. Gwen Adshead (2010). Looking Backward and Forward. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 17 (3):251-253.
    Philosophy says that life must be understood backwards. But . . . it must be lived forward. . , , It is more and more evident that life can never be really understood in Time. It was a pleasure to read Jason Thompson’s serious and thought-provoking piece, and I am grateful to the editors for giving me a chance to comment. The idea that the self is revealed in narrative is a popular one among different schools of psychotherapy, both in (...)
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  8. Gwen Adshead (2003). Measuring Moral Identities: Psychopaths and Responsibility. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 10 (2):185-187.
  9. Gwen Adshead (2002). Through a Glass Darkly: Commentary on Ward. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 9 (1):15-18.
  10. Gwen Adshead (1996). Commentary on "Psychopathy, Other-Regarding Moral Beliefs, and Responsibility&Quot. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 3 (4):279-281.
  11. George J. Agich (2004). Seeking the Everyday Meaning of Autonomy in Neurologic Disorders. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 11 (4):295-298.
  12. O. F. Aina (2004). Mental Illness and Cultural Issues in West African Films: Implications for Orthodox Psychiatric Practice. Medical Humanities 30 (1):23-26.
    The portrayal of psychiatry and of the activities of supernatural forces in indigenous films produced in West Africa was critically examined in this study. Most often the content of these films is centred on African culture, African mythical stories, or real life events. Over a three year period, 163 such films were studied. Twenty five of them contained scenes of psychiatric illness. In 24 of these, there were “cases of psychoses”; and the remaining one was that of “deliberate self harm” (...)
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  13. Judith L. Alpert (1995). Trauma, Dissociation, and Clinical Study as a Responsible Beginning. Consciousness and Cognition 4 (1):125-129.
  14. Michaela Amering (2010). Finding Partnership: The Benefit of Sharing and the Capacity for Complexity. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 17 (1):77-79.
  15. Joel Anderson & Warren Lux (2004). Accurate Self-Assessment, Autonomous Ignorance, and the Appreciation of Disability. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 11 (4):309-312.
  16. Joel Anderson & Warren Lux (2004). Knowing Your Own Strength: Accurate Self-Assessment as a Requirement for Personal Autonomy. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 11 (4):279-294.
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  17. Katherine Arens (1996). Commentary on "Lumps and Bumps&Quot. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 3 (1):15-16.
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  18. Kathryn E. Artnak (2008). Ethics Consultation in Dual Diagnosis of Mental Illness and Mental Retardation: Medical Decisionmaking for Community-Dwelling Persons. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 17 (02):239-246.
    An evaluation of mental capacity is critical to a clinician's judgment about whether or not persons can make medical treatment decisions on their own behalf, and uncertainty about their ability to meaningfully participate in that process is one of the more common reasons an ethics consult is requested. The care of decisionally incapable patients—particularly those who lack advance care documents and no living relative who can speak for them—presents a quandary to healthcare personnel attempting to plan care in their best (...)
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  19. Bernard J. Baars & Katharine McGovern (1995). Steps Toward Healing: False Memories and Traumagenic Amnesia May Coexist in Vulnerable Populations. Consciousness and Cognition 4 (1):68-74.
    Child abuse is surely the most agonizing psychological issue of our time. We decry the tendency to polarize around the either-or dichotomy of "recovered versus false memories," when both are likely to occur. Memory researchers seem to generalize from the mild, one-shot stressors of the laboratory to the severe repeated traumas reported by abused populations, an inferential leap that is scientifically dubious. Naturalistic studies show some post-traumatic memory impairment ; dissociativity, such as emotional numbing, detachment, and the like; but also (...)
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  20. Natalie F. Banner (2011). The 'Bournewood Gap' and the Deprivation of Liberty Safeguards in the Mental Capacity Act 2005. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 18 (2):123-126.
    The Deprivation of Liberty Safeguards (DOLS) were recently introduced into the Mental Capacity Act (MCA) via an amendment to mental health legislation in England and Wales. As Shah (2011) discusses, the rationale behind creating these protocols was to close what is commonly referred to as the ‘Bournewood gap’; a legislative loophole that allowed a severely autistic man (H.L.) who did not initially dissent to admission to be detained in a hospital and deprived of his liberty in his ‘best interests’ as (...)
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  21. Dr Steven James Bartlett, Questioning the Standard of Normality: Steps to a More Effective Understanding of Mental Health.
    Psychological normality has remained one of the last as well as one of the most central unexamined presuppositions of current psychiatry and clinical psychology. With few exceptions in the literature, psychological normality has served as an unquestioned standard of mental health while the same standard has been used to equate deviations from normality with mental illness. This paper reviews some of the most compelling reasons to question this understanding both of mental health and of the psychological problems that many people (...)
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  22. Tom L. Beauchamp (2008). The Philosophical Basis of Psychiatric Ethics. In Sidney Bloch & Stephen A. Green (eds.), Psychiatric Ethics. Oxford University Press.
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  23. Fabrice Berna, Mehdi Bennouna-Greene, Jevita Potheegadoo, Paulina Verry, Martin A. Conway & Jean-Marie Danion (2011). Impaired Ability to Give a Meaning to Personally Significant Events in Patients with Schizophrenia. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):703-711.
    Schizophrenia is a severe mental illness affecting sense of identity. Autobiographical memory deficits observed in schizophrenia could contribute to this altered sense of identity. The ability to give a meaning to personally significant events is also critical for identity construction and self-coherence. Twenty-four patients with schizophrenia and 24 control participants were asked to recall five self-defining memories. We assessed meaning making in participants’ narratives and afterwards asked them explicitly to give a meaning to their memories . We found that both (...)
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  24. Bernard Berofsky (2011). Is Pathological Altruism Altruism? In Ariel Knafo Barbara Oakley (ed.), Pathological Altruism.
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  25. Daniel Berthold (2009). Talking Cures, the Clinic, and the Value of the Ineffable. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 16 (4):325-328.
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  26. Sidney Bloch & Stephen A. Green (eds.) (2009). Psychiatric Ethics. Oxford University Press.
    Ethical issues are pivotal to the practice of psychiatry. Anyone involved in psychiatric practice and mental healthcare has to be aware of the range of ethical issues relevant to their profession. An increased professional commitment to accountability, in parallel with a growing "consumer" movement has paved the way for a creative engagement with the ethical movement. The bestselling 'Psychiatric Ethics' has carved out a niche for itself as the major comprehensive text and core reference in the field, covering a range (...)
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  27. Sidney Bloch & Stephen A. Green (2008). The Scope of Psychiatric Ethics. In Sidney Bloch & Stephen A. Green (eds.), Psychiatric Ethics. Oxford University Press.
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  28. D. Bolton (1982). Psychiatric Ethics. Journal of Medical Ethics 8 (3):160-160.
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  29. Richard J. Bonnie (2010). Should a Personality Disorder Qualify as a Mental Disease in Insanity Adjudication? Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 38 (4):760-763.
    The determinative issue in applying the insanity defense is whether the defendant experienced a legally relevant functional impairment at the time of the offense. Categorical exclusion of personality disorders from the definition of mental disease is clinically and morally arbitrary because it may lead to unfair conviction of a defendant with a personality disorder who actually experienced severe, legally relevant impairments at the time of the crime. There is no need to consider such a drastic approach in most states and (...)
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  30. Jenifer Booth, Pre-Modern Ethics, Authoritative Narratives, and the Tribunal. The Oxford Handbook of Psychiatric Ethics.
    This chapter applies the modified philosophy of Alasdair MacIntyre to mental health law, and in particular to the mental health tribunal. The natural law approach of Thomas Aquinas is used to assist in this. It is argued that, for law to be just in pre-modern terms, it requires that it be assessed as rational together with the care it supports as a single entity. As such, according to a modified version of the Thomistic Aristotelian ethics of MacIntyre, justice would require (...)
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  31. Jenifer Booth (2013). Towards a Pre-Modern Psychaitry. Palgrave Macmillan.
    Responding to the work of previous critics of psychiatry, who have associated its undue dominance with both a modern scientific paradigm and political factors, I put forward a theoretical challenge based on MacIntyre`s work on Aquinas and Aristotle, but adding the museum and assembly as conceptual thinking tools. -/- MacIntyre`s work on practices, tradition-constituted enquiry, Marxist ideology and Kuhn are all used in putting forward a pre-modern view of knowledge. The feminist philosophy of Luce Irigaray widens the project to include (...)
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  32. Lisa Bortolotti (2012). Rationality and Sanity. In Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Psychiatry. Oxford University Press.
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  33. Medard Boss (1977). Existential Foundations of Medicine & Psychology. J. Aronson.
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  34. Pat Bracken & Philip Thomas (2010). Is Private (Contract-Based) Practice an Answer to the Problems of Psychiatry? Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 17 (3):241-245.
    We are very grateful to both Matthew Ratcliffe and Thomas Szasz for taking the time to read and respond to our paper. Ratcliffe is broadly sympathetic to our efforts and provides a very convincing argument against mind–body dualisms by drawing on work from the phenomenological tradition. His comments extend rather than challenge our central thesis. Szasz, however, is dismissive of our position. As a result, most of our response is directed to his commentary. Ratcliffe uses the work of van der (...)
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  35. Mark Bratton (2010). Anorexia, Welfare, and the Varieties of Autonomy: Judicial Rhetoric and the Law in Practice. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 17 (2):159-162.
    In English medical law, it is something of an axiom that adult competent patients have an absolute right to refuse all and any medical treatment, including potentially life-saving and life-sustaining treatment. This legal proposition, which is embedded in the doctrine of consent, has for the last few decades been regarded as the expression of the philosophical principle of personal autonomy and ethical right of self-determination. The Western ethical and legal traditions places heavy emphasis on notions of personal sovereignty reflected in (...)
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  36. David H. Brendel (2003). Reductionism, Eclecticism, and Pragmatism in Psychiatry: The Dialectic of Clinical Explanation. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 28 (5 & 6):563 – 580.
    Explanatory models in psychiatry reflect what clinicians deem valuable in rendering people's behavior intelligible and thus help guide treatment choices for mental illnesses. This article outlines some key scientific and ethical principles of clinical explanation in twenty-first century psychiatry. Recent work in philosophy of science, clinical psychiatry, and psychiatric ethics are critically reviewed in order to elucidate conceptual underpinnings of contemporary explanatory models. Many explanatory models in psychiatry are reductionistic or eclectic. The former restrict options for diagnostic and therapeutic (...)
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  37. Caroline Brett (2002). Psychotic and Mystical States of Being: Connections and Distinctions. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 9 (4):321-341.
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  38. Matthew R. Broome (2009). Philosophy as the Science of Value: Neo-Kantianism as a Guide to Psychiatric Interviewing. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 15 (2):107-116.
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  39. Bengt Brülde (2007). Art and Science, Facts and Knowledge. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 14 (2):pp. 111-127.
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  40. Bengt Brülde (2007). Mental Disorder and Values. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 14 (2):pp. 93-102.
    It is now generally agreed that we have to rely on value judgments to distinguish mental disorders from other conditions, but it is not quite clear how. To clarify this, we need to know more than to what extent attributions of disorder are dependent on values. We also have to know (1) what kind of evaluations we have to rely on to identify the class of mental disorder; (2) whether attributions of disorder contain any implicit reference to some specific evaluative (...)
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  41. Axel Buchner & Werner Wippich (1996). Unconscious Gender Bias in Fame Judgments? Consciousness and Cognition 5 (1-2):197-220.
    In two experiments the conditions of, and the processes leading to, gender biases in fame judgments were investigated. In Experiment 1, the gender bias was not reduced in a condition that alerted participants to the gender of the names. In Experiment 2, participants' sex-role orientation, but not their gender, was related to the gender bias. The process dissociation procedure was used in both experiments in an attempt to separate conscious and unconscious memory processes contributing to the gender bias. Using L. (...)
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  42. John Chynoweth Burnham (2006). A Clinical Alternative to the Public Health Approach to Mental Illness: A Forgotten Social Experiment. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 49 (2):220-237.
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  43. John Chynoweth Burnham (2006). A Clinical Alternative to the Public Health Approach to Mental Illness: A Forgotten Social Experiment. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 49 (2):220-237.
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  44. John S. Callender (2005). Aesthetics, Ethics, and the Experience of Self. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 12 (4):311-313.
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  45. John S. Callender (2005). The Role of Aesthetic Judgments in Psychotherapy. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 12 (4):283-295.
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  46. Will Cartwright (2006). Responsibility: A Puzzle, Two Theories, and Bad Background. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 13 (2):167-176.
    This essay seeks to illuminate both the theory and practice of holding people responsible. It investi- gates two leading accounts of responsibility, examining some of their implications and certain difficulties that they face. It tests the two accounts by applying them to an illustrative example, which demonstrates how the questions that are decisive in judging an agent’s responsibility are notably different on the two accounts. Although both views are variously illuminating, they each face difficulties and arguably depend on, or foster, (...)
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  47. Gerald Casenave (2003). Death, Disability, and Dialogue. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 10 (1):87-89.
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  48. Eric J. Cassell (2003). Travelers in the Land of Sickness. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 10 (3):225-226.
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  49. Ruth F. Chadwick (2004). The Right Not to Know: A Challenge for Accurate Self-Assessment. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 11 (4):299-301.
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  50. Louis C. Charland (2004). As Autonomy Heads Into Harm's Way. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 11 (4):361-363.
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