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  1. Rick A. Adams, Harriet R. Brown & Karl J. Friston (2015). Bayesian Inference, Predictive Coding and Delusions. Avant. The Journal of the Philosophical-Interdisciplinary Vanguard (3):51-88.
    This paper considers psychotic symptoms in terms of false inferences or beliefs. It is based on the notion that the brain is an organ of inference that actively constructs hypotheses to explain or predict its sensations. This perspective provides a normative (Bayes optimal) account of action and perception that emphasises probabilistic representations; in particular, the confidence or precision of beliefs about the world. We consider sensory attenuation deficits, catatonia and delusions as various expressions of the same core pathology: namely, an (...)
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  2. Bandar AlAqeel & Pierre Assalian (2014). The Meaningfulness of Short Interpretation in Brief Clinical Encounter. Dialogues in Philosophy, Mental and Neuro Sciences 7 (1):21-24.
    This case study deals with failure to ejaculate intravaginally during sexual intercourse. The causative factors were thought to be unconscious in nature. The patient showed significant improvement after only one session, when these unconscious factors were interpreted to and accepted by the patient. We discuss briefly the application of psychodynamic theory in sex therapy and possible implementations in training settings.
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  3. Sharon K. Anderson, Hilary E. Franco & Mitchell M. Handelsman (2000). Psychotherapists' Judgments of Psychotherapy Regulation. Ethics and Behavior 10 (2):173 – 183.
    In 1988, Colorado instituted a new regulatory system that was opposed by psychologists and social workers. We surveyed 306 psychotherapists about their attitudes regarding this system, which included profession-specific licensing boards and an omnibus (multiprofession) board to handle grievances. Social workers and psychologists, members of more established professions, opposed creating an omnibus licensing board and favored the return of profession-specific grievance functions. Members of the newer professions (professional counseling and marriage and family therapy) and unlicensed psychotherapists were not as opposed (...)
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  4. William Angelette (1990). Philosophy And A Career In Counseling. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 5 (2):73-75.
    Ontic Therapy is briefly defined. I discuss the early context within which the development of Ontic Therapy unfolds and provide the reader some preliminary heuristic tools for engaging in this novel therapy.
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  5. Massimiliano Aragona (2014). Epistemological Reflections About the Crisis of the DSM-5 and the Revolutionary Potential of the RDoC Project. Dialogues in Philosophy, Mental and Neuro Sciences 7 (1):11-20.
    This paper tests the predictions of an epistemological model that considered the DSM psychiatric classification (in the neopositivist and neo-Kraepelinian shape introduced by the DSM-III) as a scientific paradigm in crisis. As predicted, the DSM-5 did not include revolutionary proposals in its basic structure. In particular, the possibility of a dimensional revolution has not occurred and early proposals of etiopathogenic diagnoses were not implemented due to lack of specific knowledge in that field. However, conceiving the DSM-5 as a bridge between (...)
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  6. Massimiliano Aragona, Raffaella Catapano, Camillo Loriedo & Daniela Alliani (2011). The "Psychosomatic" Family System: Are Families with Eating Disorders More Enmeshed and Rigid Than Normal Controls? Dialogues in Philosophy, Mental and Neuro Sciences 4 (1):10-15.
    Traditionally, the key features of the family system of Eating Disorders have been considered those originally outlined by Minuchin in his description of the "psychosomatic" family patterns of interaction. This controlled study tests two of the principal characteristics of Minuchin's model, namely enmeshment and rigidity, operationalised as extreme cohesion and low adaptability. Perceived and desired cohesion and adaptability, measured with the FACES III, were compared between 30 clinical families and 30 non-clinical families. Differences across ED family members were also considered, (...)
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  7. Luis M. Augusto (2013). Freud, Jung, Lacan: Sobre o inconsciente. Universidade do Porto.
    Introduction - From the Illiad to the Studies on Hysteria: A chronology of the discovery of the unconscious mind - Freud's theories of the unconscious mind - Jung's collective unconscious - Lacan's linguistic paradigm.
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  8. Robert Avens (1982). Heidegger and Archetypal Psychology. Philosophy Documentation Center.
    Heidegger's notion of dasein, Understood as the pre-Conceptual togetherness of man and world, Is deepened by going back to the "beginnings" of this togetherness in the imaginal (archaic) psyche, Which archetypal psychology, Founded by james hillman, Envisions--In the wake of the platonic tradition--As part of the "anima mundi". As a result the phenomenological call "back to the things themselves" is redefined in the sense of "back to the images themselves." imagination in its fully creative import is seen as equivalent to (...)
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  9. Rajendra Badgaiyan (2012). Nonconscious Processing and a Novel Target for Schizophrenia Research. Open Journal of Psychiatry 2:335-339.
  10. Khosrow Bagheri Noaparast & Zohreh Khosravi (2006). Mind and Mental Health Based on a Realistic Constructivism. Constructivism in the Human Sciences 11 (1/2):20-31.
    This essay concerns a philosophical examination of the nature of mind and the relevant implications for mental health. Traditionally, realism and constructivism are regarded as two contrastive positions in explaining the nature of mind. While realists take discovery of reality as the main function of mind, constructivists regard it as creation of reality. Hence, epistemologically, realists emphasize on correspondence to reality as the criterion of validity or truth of the mind's contents, whereas constructivists regard the inner coherence of constructs as (...)
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  11. James Blair, Derek Mitchell & Karina Blair (2005). The Psychopath. Emotion and the Brain. Blacwell.
    Psychopaths continue to be demonised by the media and estimates suggest that a disturbing percentage of the population has psychopathic tendencies. This timely and controversial new book summarises what we already know about psychopathy and antisocial behavior and puts forward a new case for its cause - with far-reaching implications. Presents the scientific facts of psychopathy and antisocial behavior. Addresses key questions, such as: What is psychopathy? Are there psychopaths amongst us? What is wrong with psychopaths? Is psychopathy due to (...)
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  12. R. J. R. Blair, E. Colledge & D. G. V. Mitchell (2001). Somatic Markers and Response Reversal: Is There Orbitofrontal Cortex Dysfunction in Boys With Psychopathic Tendencies? Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 29 (6):499-511.
    This study investigated the performance of boys with psychopathic tendencies and comparison boys, aged 9 to 17 years, on two tasks believed to be sensitive to amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex func- tioning. Fifty-one boys were divided into two groups according to the Psychopathy Screening Device (PSD, P. J. Frick & R. D. Hare, in press) and presented with two tasks. The tasks were the gambling task (A. Bechara, A. R. Damasio, H. Damasio, & S. W. Anderson, 1994) and the Intradimensional/ (...)
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  13. Rachel B. Blass (1996). The 'Person'in Philosophical Counselling Vs. Psychotherapy and the Possibility of Interchange Between the Fields. Journal of Applied Philosophy 13 (3):279-296.
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  14. Jenifer Booth (2013). Towards a Pre-Modern Psychaitry. Palgrave Macmillan.
    Responding to the work of previous critics of psychiatry, who have associated its undue dominance with both a modern scientific paradigm and political factors, I put forward a theoretical challenge based on MacIntyre`s work on Aquinas and Aristotle, but adding the museum and assembly as conceptual thinking tools. -/- MacIntyre`s work on practices, tradition-constituted enquiry, Marxist ideology and Kuhn are all used in putting forward a pre-modern view of knowledge. The feminist philosophy of Luce Irigaray widens the project to include (...)
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  15. R. Bourne, P. S. Appelbaum, T. Rudegeair, M. J. Saks, G. R. VandenBos & M. O. Miller (1990). The Forum: Case Vignette: A Model Proposal--Psychotherapists with Knowledge of Danger. Ethics and Behavior 1 (3):205-220.
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  16. Miro Brada, Questionnaire of Unbiased Judgement and Theory of Prejudices.
    The questionnaire combines Kant's view of objectivity being independent of personal inclinations, and Popper's method of falsification - N white swans don't imply the next one is white too. Based on that I made 10 sentences with 6 judgements. Each sentence divides subjects or objects to categories: talent, sex, minority, success, etc. People identified with some category tend to judge accordingly, e.g. a minority person can underestimate majority, or successful persons can underrate the unsuccessful, etc. The questionnaire assesses ability to (...)
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  17. Inti A. Brazil, Ellen R. A. de Bruijn, Berend H. Bulten, A. Katinka L. von Borries, Jacques J. D. M. van Lankveld, Jan K. Buitelaar & Robbert J. Verkes (2009). Early and Late Components of Error Monitoring in Violent Offenders with Psychopathy. Biological Psychiatry 65:137-143.
    Individuals with psychopathy show intact early error processing and automatic behavioral adaptation but have deficits in later stages of error processing and controlled behavioral adaptation. This is an indication that individuals with psychopathy are unable to effectively use error information to change their behavior adequately.
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  18. Inti A. Brazil, Joseph H. R. Maes, Inge Scheper, Berend H. Bulten, Roy P. C. Kessels, Robbert Jan Verkes & Ellen R. A. de Bruijn (2013). Reversal Deficits in Individuals with Psychopathy in Explicit but Not Implicit Learning Conditions. Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience 38:13-20.
    Psychopathy is a severe personality disorder that has been linked to impaired behavioural adaptation during reinforcement learning. Recent electrophysiological studies have suggested that psychopathy is related to impairments in intentionally using information relevant for adapting behaviour, whereas these impairments remain absent for behaviour relying on automatic use of information. We sought to investigate whether previously found impairments in response reversal in individuals with psychopathy also follow this di- chotomy. We expected response reversal to be intact when the automatic use of (...)
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  19. Francesca Brencio & Anastasios Dimopoulos, Event and Subjectivity. Heidegger’s Phenomenology of Ereignis and its Relationship with Psychopathological Phenomena.
  20. Salima Budhani (2006). Impaired Reversal but Intact Acquisition: Probabilistic Response Reversal Deficits in Adult Individuals With Psychopathy. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 115 (3):552–558.
    The performance of adult psychopathic individuals on a novel response reversal task involving 2 reward–punishment contingencies (100–0 and 80–20) was investigated. In line with predictions, adults with psychopathy presented with impairment on the response reversal component but not on the acquisition component of this task. This selective impairment for response reversal was seen for both reward–punishment contingencies and was related to the tendency of individuals with psychopathy to be less likely to stay with a rewarded correct response to a stimulus (...)
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  21. J. A. Bulcock (2013). Introduction to a Collection of Issues Within Bioethics, Philosophy of Medicine, and Philosophy of Psychiatry. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 38 (2):83-90.
  22. Raffaele Calabretta (2010). A Hypertextual Novel That Dramatizes the Process of Its Creation and Proposes Techniques to Increase Creativity. Biological Theory 5 (2):102-105.
    ABSTRACT "Why can’t I decide to be happy?" This is the question that encapsulates the meaning behind Gabriele’s story, the main character of the novel Il film delle emozioni (The Movie of Emotions; Calabretta 2007a, in Italian). Gabriele is a victim of his negative emotions, and is completely in the power of his self-blame and self-devaluative thinking, which he learns to change only at the end of the novel, thanks to creativity and to the artistic expression of his own traumatic (...)
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  23. Gerard Casey (1986). Law and Psychiatry. Review of Metaphysics 39 (3):576-577.
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  24. Angelo Compare, Cristina Zarbo, Edo Shonin, William Van Gordon & Chiara Marconi (2014). Emotional Regulation and Depression: A Potential Mediator Between Heart and Mind. Cardiovascular Psychiatry and Neurology 2014:ID 324374, 10 pages.
    A narrative review of the major evidence concerning the relationship between emotional regulation and depression was conducted. The literature demonstrates a mediating role of emotional regulation in the development of depression and physical illness. Literature suggests in fact that the employment of adaptive emotional regulation strategies (e.g., reappraisal) causes a reduction of stress-elicited emotions leading to physical disorders. Conversely, dysfunctional emotional regulation strategies and, in particular, rumination and emotion suppression appear to be influential in the pathogenesis of depression and physiological (...)
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  25. Adam M. Croom (2012). Music, Neuroscience, and the Psychology of Wellbeing: A Précis. Frontiers in Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 2 (393):393.
    In Flourish, the positive psychologist Martin Seligman (2011) identifies five commonly recognized factors that are characteristic of human flourishing or wellbeing: (1) “positive emotion,” (2) “relationships,” (3) “engagement,” (4) “achievement,” and (5) “meaning” (p. 24). Although there is no settled set of necessary and sufficient conditions neatly circumscribing the bounds of human flourishing (Seligman, 2011), we would mostly likely consider a person that possessed high levels of these five factors as paradigmatic or prototypical of human flourishing. Accordingly, if we wanted (...)
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  26. R. C. D. (1962). Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association, Vol. XXXV. Review of Metaphysics 15 (4):683-683.
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  27. Peter Eastman, Psychotherapy, Psychological Health, & Self-Fulfilment: A Buddhist Perspective.
    The science of psychology is believed to consist of objective and meaningful knowledge about a realm of our own direct experiencing with which we are all intimate and familiar, yet about which we also feel we have very little understanding, and no real insight, and so feel inclined to submit to psychology as if it were revelatory and definitive. Society’s default attitude to psychology is one of deferential, if occasionally grudging, respect. The quasi-medical arm of psychology – psychotherapy - is (...)
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  28. Kw M. Fulford (2011). Neuroscience and Values: A Case Study Illustrating Developments in Policy, Training and Research in the UK and Internationally. Mens Sana Monographs 9 (1):79.
    In the current climate of dramatic advances in the neurosciences, it has been widely assumed that the diagnosis of mental disorder is a matter exclusively for value-free science. Starting from a detailed case history, this paper describes how, to the contrary, values come into the diagnosis of mental disorders, directly through the criteria at the heart of psychiatry's most scientifically grounded classification, the American Psychiatric Association's DSM . Various possible interpretations of the prominence of values in psychiatric diagnosis are outlined. (...)
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  29. Andrea L. Glenn (2014). Psychopathy: An Introduction to Biological Findings and Their Implications. New York University Press.
  30. Janna Hastings, Werner Ceusters, Mark Jensen, Kevin Mulligan & Barry Smith (2012). Representing Mental Functioning: Ontologies for Mental Health and Disease. In Towards an Ontology of Mental Functioning (ICBO Workshop), Proceeedings of the Third International Conference on Biomedical Ontology.
    Mental and behavioral disorders represent a significant portion of the public health burden in all countries. The human cost of these disorders is immense, yet treatment options for sufferers are currently limited, with many patients failing to respond sufficiently to available interventions and drugs. High quality ontologies facilitate data aggregation and comparison across different disciplines, and may therefore speed up the translation of primary research into novel therapeutics. Realism-based ontologies describe entities in reality and the relationships between them in such (...)
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  31. Janna Hastings, Werner Ceusters, Barry Smith & Kevin Mulligan (2011). Dispositions and Processes in the Emotion Ontology. In Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Biomedical Ontology. CEUR Workshop Proceedings, 833.
    Affective science conducts interdisciplinary research into the emotions and other affective phenomena. Currently, such research is hampered by the lack of common definitions of te rms used to describe, categorise and report both individual emotional experiences and the results of scientific investigations of such experiences. High quality ontologies provide formal definitions for types of entities in reality and for the relationships between such entities, definitions which can be used to disambiguate and unify data across different disciplines. Heretofore, there has been (...)
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  32. Robert Henman (2014). Neuroscience and Generalized Empirical Method: A Response to A. Rastogi. Dialogues in Philosophy, Mental and Neuro Sciences 7 (2):70-71.
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  33. Jakob Hohwy (forthcoming). Prediction Error Minimization, Mental and Developmental Disorder, and Statistical Theories of Consciousness. In Rocco Gennaro (ed.), Disturbed Consciousness: New Essays on Psychopathology and Theories of Consciousness. MIT Press.
    This chapter seeks to recover an approach to consciousness from a general theory of brain function, namely the prediction error minimization theory. The way this theory applies to mental and developmental disorder demonstrates its relevance to consciousness. The resulting view is discussed in relation to a contemporary theory of consciousness, namely the idea that conscious perception depends on Bayesian metacognition; this theory is also supported by considerations of psychopathology. This Bayesian theory is first disconnected from the higher-order thought theory, and (...)
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  34. Jakob Hohwy & Colin Palmer (forthcoming). Social Cognition as Causal Inference: Implications for Common Knowledge and Autism. In John Michael & Mattia Gallotti (eds.), Social Objects and Social Cognition. Springer.
    This chapter explores the idea that the need to establish common knowledge is one feature that makes social cognition stand apart in important ways from cognition in general. We develop this idea on the background of the claim that social cognition is nothing but a type of causal inference. We focus on autism as our test-case, and propose that a specific type of problem with common knowledge processing is implicated in challenges to social cognition in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This (...)
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  35. Jim Hopkins (2000). Psychoanalysis, Metaphor, and the Concept of Mind. In M. Levine (ed.), The Analytic Freud. Routledge. 11--35.
    In order to understand both consciousness and the Freudian unconscious we need to understand the notion of innerness that we apply to the mind. We can partly do so via the use of the theory of conceptual metaphor, and this casts light on a number of related topics.
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  36. Giuseppe Iurato (2013). Σύμβολου: An Attempt Toward the Early Origins, Part 1. Language and Psychoanalysis 2 (2):77-120.
    This is the first of a two-part paper in which I would like to propose some possible hypotheses on the early origins of symbolic function, which is the most typical feature of human being, based on disavowal mechanism. Briefly recalling the main stages of the history of symbolism, it will be possible to lay out many of its theories within the framework that we wish to outline with this work, this first part of which is mainly concerned with the basic (...)
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  37. Giuseppe Iurato (2013). Σύμβολου: An Attempt Toward the Early Origins: Part 2. Language and Psychoanalysis (ISSN 2049-324X) 2 (2):121-160.
    In continuation of what has been said in the first part of this two-part paper, herein we present further considerations on symbolism, reconsider some related psychodynamic case reports with some possible variants about their interpretations, and will apply what is said to some further speculations on mathematical symbolism and thought. In this second part, we continue with the numeration of the first part Σύμβολου, 1.
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  38. Katarína Jablonská (2014). Search for Boundaries of Psychotherapy in the Czech Republic: Comparative Analysis of Self-Regulatory Norms. Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 4 (3-4):181-190.
    This paper addresses the issue of professional ethics in psychoterapeutic practice and tries to contribute to the discussion about psychotherapy and its boundaries in today´s world using the Czech Republic as a case study . Based on current discussions about who can and who can not call themselves by the name psychotherapist, with emphasisis on written norms, this paper examines the compatibility of the ethical norms of the auditing method in Dianetics and scientology centres with the ethical norms of Czech (...)
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  39. Martin Jean-Rémy (2013). Experiences of Activity and Causality in Schizophrenia: When Predictive Deficits Lead to a Retrospective Over-Binding. Consciousness and Cognition 22 (4):1361-1374.
    In this paper I discuss an intriguing and relatively little studied symptomatic expression of schizophrenia known as experiences of activity in which patients form the delusion that they can control some external events by the sole means of their mind. I argue that experiences of activity result from patients being prone to aberrantly infer causal relations between unrelated events in a retrospective way owing to widespread predictive deficits. Moreover, I suggest that such deficits may, in addition, lead to an aberrant (...)
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  40. Jeanette Kennett (2013). Pleasure and Addiction. Frontiers in Psychiatry 4.
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  41. Malcolm Kinney, Carol Gore & Jennifer Barnard (2013). Some Ethical Practice Reflections on Psychiatric Inpatient Care. Ethics and Social Welfare 7 (4):423-431.
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  42. Jakob Korf (2013). In Quest of Specific Neurons of Mind and Mental Disorder. Dialogues in Philosophy, Mental and Neuro Sciences 6 (1):34-38.
    The essay questions the role of neurons in the concept of mind. The mind is considered as an emerging but physical property of the brain: a mental brain configuration does exist. This configuration is relatively resistant to brain damage, coma, hypoxia and normal (electro)physiological brain states and is envisioned as a relatively stable (nearly anatomical) structure. Consistent with this idea is that, despite the lifetime turnover of their constituents (e.g. proteins and nucleotides) and morphological changes, brain neurons do not divide. (...)
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  43. Sebastian Kraemer (2011). 'The Dangers of This Atmosphere': A Quaker Connection in the Tavistock Clinic's Development. History of the Human Sciences 24 (2):82-102.
    During the Second World War, through innovations in officer selection and group therapy, the army psychiatrists John Rickman and Wilfred Bion changed our understanding of leadership. They showed how soldiers under stress could develop real authority through their attentiveness to each other. From contrasting experiences 25 years earlier each had seen how people in groups are moved by elemental forces that undermine judgement and thought. This article arose from my experiences as a trainee at the Tavistock Clinic, where the method (...)
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  44. Ann M. Kring (1999). Emotions and Psychopathology. Cognition and Emotion 13 (575):599.
  45. Jung-In Kwon (2005). Imagination and the Meaningful Brain. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 4 (3):353-355.
  46. D. Loewenthal (2008). Introducing Post-Existential Practice. Philosophical Practice 3 (3):316.
    This paper, in introducing this Special Issue, proposes a place for exploring notions of wellbeing at the start of the 21st Century that are in contrast to the increasing cultural dominance of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy . An attempt is made to offer a space where we might still be able to think about how alienated we are through valuing existential notions such as experience and meaning whilst questioning other aspects such as existentialism’s inferred narcissism and the place it has come (...)
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  47. Leslie Marsh (2013). Review of Butterfly in the Typewriter. [REVIEW] Journal of Mind and Behavior 34 (3/4).
  48. Jean-Rémy Martin (2013). Experiences of Activity and Causality in Schizophrenia: When Predictive Deficits Lead to a Retrospective Over-Binding. Consciousness and Cognition 22 (4):1361-1374.
    In this paper I discuss an intriguing and relatively little studied symptomatic expression of schizophrenia known as experiences of activity in which patients form the delusion that they can control some external events by the sole means of their mind. I argue that experiences of activity result from patients being prone to aberrantly infer causal relations between unrelated events in a retrospective way owing to widespread predictive deficits. Moreover, I suggest that such deficits may, in addition, lead to an aberrant (...)
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  49. Metzinger (2012). Zehn Jahre Neuroethik des Pharmazeutischen Kognitiven Enhancements – Aktuelle Probleme Und Handlungsrichtlinien Für Die Praxis. Fortschritte der Neurologie Und Psychiatrie 80 (1):36-43.
    An evaluating survey of the development of the neuroethics of pharmaceutical cognitive enhancement (PCE) during the last decade, focussing on the situation in Germany, has been undertaken. This article presents the most important conceptual problems, current substances and central ethical and legal issues. Very first guidelines and recommendations for policy-makers are formulated at the end of the text.
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  50. C. Millard (2013). Making the Cut: The Production of 'Self-Harm' in Post-1945 Anglo-Saxon Psychiatry. History of the Human Sciences 26 (2):126-150.
    ‘Deliberate self-harm’, ‘self-mutilation’ and ‘self-injury’ are just some of the terms used to describe one of the most prominent issues in British mental health policy in recent years. This article demonstrates that contemporary literature on ‘self-harm’ produces this phenomenon (to varying extents) around two key characteristics. First, this behaviour is predominantly performed by those identified as female. Second, this behaviour primarily involves cutting the skin. These constitutive characteristics are traced back to a corpus of literature produced in the 1960s and (...)
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