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  1. Christopher M. Aanstoos (1988). Psychology and Psychotropic Drugs. Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 8 (2):54-55.
    Discusses issues that need to be considered in psychology's internal debate on whether to seek the right to prescribe psychotropic drugs. For example, psychology offers a decisive alternative to medical model. Within this philosophy of psychology, psychiatry's treatment of the person as an organism misses the essential humanity of psychological life. With the exception of some psychoanalysts, psychiatrists are seen from this theoretical perspective as fundamentally misguided in their use of psychotropic drugs which merely mask the symptoms rather than face (...)
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  2. Rick A. Adams, Harriet R. Brown & Karl J. Friston (2015). Bayesian Inference, Predictive Coding and Delusions. Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies 3:51-88.
    This paper considers psychotic symptoms in terms of false inferences or beliefs. It is based on the notion that the brain is an organ of inference that actively constructs hypotheses to explain or predict its sensations. This perspective provides a normative account of action and perception that emphasises probabilistic representations; in particular, the confidence or precision of beliefs about the world. We consider sensory attenuation deficits, catatonia and delusions as various expressions of the same core pathology: namely, an aberrant encoding (...)
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  3. David Adger (2013). Constructions and Grammatical Explanation: Comments on Goldberg. Mind and Language 28 (4):466-478.
  4. Roee Admon, Mohammed R. Milad & Talma Hendler (2013). A Causal Model of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Disentangling Predisposed From Acquired Neural Abnormalities. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (7):337-347.
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  5. Edward F. Adolph (1979). Multiple Paths in the Control of Drinking. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (1):102.
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  6. Joseph Agassi (1996). Prescriptions for Responsible Psychiatry. In William T. O'Donohue & Richard F. Kitchener (eds.), The Philosophy of Psychology. Sage Publications 339.
  7. Sven Ahlenius (1985). A Functional Consideration of Anatomical Connections Between the Basal Ganglia and the Thalamus Suggests That Antipsychotic Drugs Inhibit the Initiation of Movement. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (1):173-174.
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  8. Serge H. Ahmed (2011). Toward an Evolutionary Basis for Resilience to Drug Addiction. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (6):310-311.
    According to Minstrumentalize” this framework to propose an evolutionary basis for the existence of a biological resilience to drug addiction in people.
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  9. Serge H. Ahmed (2008). The Origin of Addictions by Means of Unnatural Decision. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (4):437-438.
    The unified framework for addiction (UFA) formulated by Redish et al. is a tour de force. It uniquely predicts that there should be multiple addiction syndromes and pathways – a diversity that would reflect the complexity of the mammalian brain decision system. Here I explore some of the evolutionary and developmental ramifications of UFA and derive several new avenues for research.
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  10. David C. Airey & Richard C. Shelton (2006). Praise for a Critical Perspective. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (4):405-405.
    The target article skillfully evaluates data on mental disorders in relation to predictions from evolutionary genetic theories of neutral evolution, balancing selection, and polygenic mutation-selection balance, resulting in a negative outlook for the likelihood of success finding genes for mental disorders. Nevertheless, new conceptualizations, methods, and continued interactions across disciplines provide hope.
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  11. Kenneth John Aitken (2012). Clinicians Learn Less and Less About More and More Until They Know Nothing About Everything; Researchers Learn More and More About Less and Less Until They Know Everything About Nothing: Discuss. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (5):358 - 359.
    A number of recent developments in our understanding of the biology of heritability question commonly held views on the immutability of genetic factors. These have numerous potential implications for improving understanding and practice in pre- and postconceptional care and for infant and child mental health, and they carry a cautionary message against overgeneralization.
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  12. Hagop S. Akiskal (1983). The Need for Primate Models in the Psychopharmacotherapy of Depression. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (4):548.
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  13. Hagop S. Akiskal (1982). Is Stress a Predisposing or Precipitating Factor in Clinical Depression? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (1):99.
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  14. Bandar AlAqeel & Pierre Assalian (2014). The Meaningfulness of Short Interpretation in Brief Clinical Encounter. Dialogues in Philosophy, Mental and Neuro Sciences 7 (1):21-24.
    This case study deals with failure to ejaculate intravaginally during sexual intercourse. The causative factors were thought to be unconscious in nature. The patient showed significant improvement after only one session, when these unconscious factors were interpreted to and accepted by the patient. We discuss briefly the application of psychodynamic theory in sex therapy and possible implementations in training settings.
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  15. Sharon K. Anderson, Hilary E. Franco & Mitchell M. Handelsman (2000). Psychotherapists' Judgments of Psychotherapy Regulation. Ethics and Behavior 10 (2):173 – 183.
    In 1988, Colorado instituted a new regulatory system that was opposed by psychologists and social workers. We surveyed 306 psychotherapists about their attitudes regarding this system, which included profession-specific licensing boards and an omnibus (multiprofession) board to handle grievances. Social workers and psychologists, members of more established professions, opposed creating an omnibus licensing board and favored the return of profession-specific grievance functions. Members of the newer professions (professional counseling and marriage and family therapy) and unlicensed psychotherapists were not as opposed (...)
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  16. William Angelette (1990). Philosophy And A Career In Counseling. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 5 (2):73-75.
    Ontic Therapy is briefly defined. I discuss the early context within which the development of Ontic Therapy unfolds and provide the reader some preliminary heuristic tools for engaging in this novel therapy.
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  17. Ian A. Apperly, Dana Samson, Claudia Chiavarino, Wai-Ling Bickerton & Glyn W. Humphreys (2007). Testing the Domain-Specificity of a Theory of Mind Deficit in Brain-Injured Patients: Evidence for Consistent Performance on Non-Verbal, “Reality-Unknown” False Belief and False Photograph Tasks. Cognition 103 (2):300-321.
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  18. Massimiliano Aragona (2014). Epistemological Reflections About the Crisis of the DSM-5 and the Revolutionary Potential of the RDoC Project. Dialogues in Philosophy, Mental and Neuro Sciences 7 (1):11-20.
    This paper tests the predictions of an epistemological model that considered the DSM psychiatric classification (in the neopositivist and neo-Kraepelinian shape introduced by the DSM-III) as a scientific paradigm in crisis. As predicted, the DSM-5 did not include revolutionary proposals in its basic structure. In particular, the possibility of a dimensional revolution has not occurred and early proposals of etiopathogenic diagnoses were not implemented due to lack of specific knowledge in that field. However, conceiving the DSM-5 as a bridge between (...)
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  19. Massimiliano Aragona, Raffaella Catapano, Camillo Loriedo & Daniela Alliani (2011). The "Psychosomatic" Family System: Are Families with Eating Disorders More Enmeshed and Rigid Than Normal Controls? Dialogues in Philosophy, Mental and Neuro Sciences 4 (1):10-15.
    Traditionally, the key features of the family system of Eating Disorders have been considered those originally outlined by Minuchin in his description of the "psychosomatic" family patterns of interaction. This controlled study tests two of the principal characteristics of Minuchin's model, namely enmeshment and rigidity, operationalised as extreme cohesion and low adaptability. Perceived and desired cohesion and adaptability, measured with the FACES III, were compared between 30 clinical families and 30 non-clinical families. Differences across ED family members were also considered, (...)
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  20. Luis M. Augusto (2013). Freud, Jung, Lacan: Sobre o inconsciente. Universidade Do Porto.
    Introduction - From the Illiad to the Studies on Hysteria: A chronology of the discovery of the unconscious mind - Freud's theories of the unconscious mind - Jung's collective unconscious - Lacan's linguistic paradigm.
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  21. Robert Avens (1982). Heidegger and Archetypal Psychology. Philosophy Documentation Center.
    Heidegger's notion of dasein, Understood as the pre-Conceptual togetherness of man and world, Is deepened by going back to the "beginnings" of this togetherness in the imaginal (archaic) psyche, Which archetypal psychology, Founded by james hillman, Envisions--In the wake of the platonic tradition--As part of the "anima mundi". As a result the phenomenological call "back to the things themselves" is redefined in the sense of "back to the images themselves." imagination in its fully creative import is seen as equivalent to (...)
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  22. A. D. Baddeley, N. C. Ellis, T. R. Miles & V. J. Lewis (1982). Developmental and Acquired Dyslexia: A Comparison. Cognition 11 (2):185-199.
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  23. Alan D. Baddeley, Robert H. Logie & Nick C. Ellis (1988). Characteristics of Developmental Dyslexia. Cognition 29 (3):197-228.
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  24. William Badecker & Alfonso Caramazza (1985). On Considerations of Method and Theory Governing the Use of Clinical Categories in Neurolinguistics and Cognitive Neuropsychology: The Case Against Agrammatism. Cognition 20 (2):97-125.
  25. Rajendra Badgaiyan (2012). Nonconscious Processing and a Novel Target for Schizophrenia Research. Open Journal of Psychiatry 2:335-339.
  26. Khosrow Bagheri Noaparast & Zohreh Khosravi (2006). Mind and Mental Health Based on a Realistic Constructivism. Constructivism in the Human Sciences 11 (1/2):20-31.
    This essay concerns a philosophical examination of the nature of mind and the relevant implications for mental health. Traditionally, realism and constructivism are regarded as two contrastive positions in explaining the nature of mind. While realists take discovery of reality as the main function of mind, constructivists regard it as creation of reality. Hence, epistemologically, realists emphasize on correspondence to reality as the criterion of validity or truth of the mind's contents, whereas constructivists regard the inner coherence of constructs as (...)
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  27. Simon Baron-Cohen, Alan M. Leslie & Uta Frith (1985). Does the Autistic Child Have a “Theory of Mind”? Cognition 21 (1):37-46.
    We use a new model of metarepresentational development to predict a cognitive deficit which could explain a crucial component of the social impairment in childhood autism. One of the manifestations of a basic metarepresentational capacity is a ‘ theory of mind ’. We have reason to believe that autistic children lack such a ‘ theory ’. If this were so, then they would be unable to impute beliefs to others and to predict their behaviour. This hypothesis was tested using Wimmer (...)
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  28. Daniel M. Bartels & David A. Pizarro (2011). The Mismeasure of Morals: Antisocial Personality Traits Predict Utilitarian Responses to Moral Dilemmas. Cognition 121 (1):154-161.
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  29. Paul Bertelson (1993). Reading Acquisition and Phonemic Awareness Testing: How Conclusive Are Data From Down's Syndrome? Cognition 48 (3):281-283.
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  30. James Blair, Derek Mitchell & Karina Blair (2005). The Psychopath. Emotion and the Brain. Blacwell.
    Psychopaths continue to be demonised by the media and estimates suggest that a disturbing percentage of the population has psychopathic tendencies. This timely and controversial new book summarises what we already know about psychopathy and antisocial behavior and puts forward a new case for its cause - with far-reaching implications. Presents the scientific facts of psychopathy and antisocial behavior. Addresses key questions, such as: What is psychopathy? Are there psychopaths amongst us? What is wrong with psychopaths? Is psychopathy due to (...)
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  31. R. J. R. Blair, E. Colledge & D. G. V. Mitchell (2001). Somatic Markers and Response Reversal: Is There Orbitofrontal Cortex Dysfunction in Boys With Psychopathic Tendencies? Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 29 (6):499-511.
    This study investigated the performance of boys with psychopathic tendencies and comparison boys, aged 9 to 17 years, on two tasks believed to be sensitive to amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex func- tioning. Fifty-one boys were divided into two groups according to the Psychopathy Screening Device (PSD, P. J. Frick & R. D. Hare, in press) and presented with two tasks. The tasks were the gambling task (A. Bechara, A. R. Damasio, H. Damasio, & S. W. Anderson, 1994) and the (...)
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  32. Nathaniel J. Blanco, A. Ross Otto, W. Todd Maddox, Christopher G. Beevers & Bradley C. Love (2013). The Influence of Depression Symptoms on Exploratory Decision-Making. Cognition 129 (3):563-568.
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  33. Gerhard Blanken, Jürgen Dittmann, J. -Christian Haas & Claus-W. Wallesch (1987). Spontaneous Speech in Senile Dementia and Aphasia: Implications for a Neurolinguistic Model of Language Production. Cognition 27 (3):247-274.
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  34. Rachel B. Blass (1996). The 'Person'in Philosophical Counselling Vs. Psychotherapy and the Possibility of Interchange Between the Fields. Journal of Applied Philosophy 13 (3):279-296.
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  35. Jenifer Booth (2013). Towards a Pre-Modern Psychaitry. Palgrave Macmillan.
    Responding to the work of previous critics of psychiatry, who have associated its undue dominance with both a modern scientific paradigm and political factors, I put forward a theoretical challenge based on MacIntyre`s work on Aquinas and Aristotle, but adding the museum and assembly as conceptual thinking tools. -/- MacIntyre`s work on practices, tradition-constituted enquiry, Marxist ideology and Kuhn are all used in putting forward a pre-modern view of knowledge. The feminist philosophy of Luce Irigaray widens the project to include (...)
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  36. R. Bourne, P. S. Appelbaum, T. Rudegeair, M. J. Saks, G. R. VandenBos & M. O. Miller (1990). The Forum: Case Vignette: A Model Proposal--Psychotherapists with Knowledge of Danger. Ethics and Behavior 1 (3):205-220.
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  37. Miro Brada, Questionnaire of Unbiased Judgement and Theory of Prejudices.
    The questionnaire combines Kant's view of objectivity being independent of personal inclinations, and Popper's method of falsification - N white swans don't imply the next one is white too. Based on that I made 10 sentences with 6 judgements. Each sentence divides subjects or objects to categories: talent, sex, minority, success, etc. People identified with some category tend to judge accordingly, e.g. a minority person can underestimate majority, or successful persons can underrate the unsuccessful, etc. The questionnaire assesses ability to (...)
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  38. Inti A. Brazil, Ellen R. A. de Bruijn, Berend H. Bulten, A. Katinka L. von Borries, Jacques J. D. M. van Lankveld, Jan K. Buitelaar & Robbert J. Verkes (2009). Early and Late Components of Error Monitoring in Violent Offenders with Psychopathy. Biological Psychiatry 65:137-143.
    Individuals with psychopathy show intact early error processing and automatic behavioral adaptation but have deficits in later stages of error processing and controlled behavioral adaptation. This is an indication that individuals with psychopathy are unable to effectively use error information to change their behavior adequately.
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  39. Inti A. Brazil, Joseph H. R. Maes, Inge Scheper, Berend H. Bulten, Roy P. C. Kessels, Robbert Jan Verkes & Ellen R. A. de Bruijn (2013). Reversal Deficits in Individuals with Psychopathy in Explicit but Not Implicit Learning Conditions. Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience 38:13-20.
    Psychopathy is a severe personality disorder that has been linked to impaired behavioural adaptation during reinforcement learning. Recent electrophysiological studies have suggested that psychopathy is related to impairments in intentionally using information relevant for adapting behaviour, whereas these impairments remain absent for behaviour relying on automatic use of information. We sought to investigate whether previously found impairments in response reversal in individuals with psychopathy also follow this di- chotomy. We expected response reversal to be intact when the automatic use of (...)
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  40. Francesca Brencio & Anastasios Dimopoulos, Event and Subjectivity. Heidegger’s Phenomenology of Ereignis and its Relationship with Psychopathological Phenomena.
  41. Chris R. Brewin, Zoe Huntley & Matthew G. Whalley (2012). Source Memory Errors Associated with Reports of Posttraumatic Flashbacks: A Proof of Concept Study. Cognition 124 (2):234-238.
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  42. Jon Brock, Courtenay Norbury, Shiri Einav & Kate Nation (2008). Do Individuals with Autism Process Words in Context? Evidence From Language-Mediated Eye-Movements. Cognition 108 (3):896-904.
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  43. Salima Budhani (2006). Impaired Reversal but Intact Acquisition: Probabilistic Response Reversal Deficits in Adult Individuals With Psychopathy. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 115 (3):552–558.
    The performance of adult psychopathic individuals on a novel response reversal task involving 2 reward–punishment contingencies (100–0 and 80–20) was investigated. In line with predictions, adults with psychopathy presented with impairment on the response reversal component but not on the acquisition component of this task. This selective impairment for response reversal was seen for both reward–punishment contingencies and was related to the tendency of individuals with psychopathy to be less likely to stay with a rewarded correct response to a stimulus (...)
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  44. J. A. Bulcock (2013). Introduction to a Collection of Issues Within Bioethics, Philosophy of Medicine, and Philosophy of Psychiatry. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 38 (2):83-90.
  45. Trigant Burrow (1949). The Social Neurosis: A Study in "Clinical Anthropology". Philosophy of Science 16 (1):25-40.
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  46. Raffaele Calabretta (2010). A Hypertextual Novel That Dramatizes the Process of Its Creation and Proposes Techniques to Increase Creativity. Biological Theory 5 (2):102-105.
    ABSTRACT "Why can’t I decide to be happy?" This is the question that encapsulates the meaning behind Gabriele’s story, the main character of the novel Il film delle emozioni (The Movie of Emotions; Calabretta 2007a, in Italian). Gabriele is a victim of his negative emotions, and is completely in the power of his self-blame and self-devaluative thinking, which he learns to change only at the end of the novel, thanks to creativity and to the artistic expression of his own traumatic (...)
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  47. Stefano F. Cappa, Marina Nespor, Wanda Ielasi & Antonio Miozzo (1997). The Representation of Stress: Evidence From an Aphasic Patient. Cognition 65 (1):1-13.
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  48. Gerard Casey (1986). Law and Psychiatry. Review of Metaphysics 39 (3):576-577.
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  49. Laurie Cestnick & Max Coltheart (1999). The Relationship Between Language-Processing and Visual-Processing Deficits in Developmental Dyslexia. Cognition 71 (3):231-255.
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  50. Max Coltheart (1987). Varieties of Developmental Dyslexia: A Comment on Bryant and Impey. Cognition 27 (1):97-101.
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