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Psychophysical Reduction

Edited by John Donaldson (University of Glasgow, Glasgow School of Art)
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  1. S. C. A. (1973). Interpretations of Life and Mind: Essays Around the Problem of Reduction. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 27 (1):126-127.
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  2. Alain Badiou (2000). One, Multiple, Multiplicity/Ies. Multitudes 1.
    The philosopher replies to reactions provoked by his book about Gilles Deleuze in 1997, that were published by Futur Antérieur.
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  3. Jared Bates (2009). A Defence of the Explanatory Argument for Physicalism. Philosophical Quarterly 59 (235):315-324.
    One argument for reductive physicalism, the explanatory argument, rests on its ability to explain the vast and growing body of acknowledged psychophysical correlations. Jaegwon Kim has recently levelled four objections against the explanatory argument. I assess all of Kim's objections, showing that none is successful. The result is a defence of the explanatory argument for physicalism.
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  4. Mark Bauer (2012). Multiple Realizability as Compatible with the Mental Constraint Thesis. Southwest Philosophy Review 27 (1):119-127.
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  5. Timothy J. Bayne & Jordi Fernandez (2005). Resisting Ruthless Reductionism: A Commentary on Bickle. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 4 (3):239-48.
    Philosophy and Neuroscience is an unabashed apologetic for reductionism in philosophy of mind. Bickle chides his fellow philosophers for their ignorance of mainstream neuroscience, and promises them that a subscription to Cell, Neuron, or any other journal in mainstream neuroscience will be amply rewarded. Rather than being bogged down in the intricacies of two-dimensional semantics or the ontology of properties, philosophers of mind need to get neuroscientifically informed and ruthlessly reductive.
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  6. William Bechtel (1999). Jennifer Mundale Express the Concernthat Nonreductive Materialism Will Have This Sort of Result-" Multiple RealizabilityRevisited: Linking Cognitive and Neural States,". Philosophy of Science 66:175-207.
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  7. John Bickle (2001). Precis of Psychoneural Reduction: The New Wave. Grazer Philosophische Studien 61:249-255.
  8. Maria Black (1987). Multiple Review. Mind and Language 2 (4):354-357.
    Language and Experience: Evidence from the Blind Child. By BARBARA LANDAU and LILA R. GLEITMAN.
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  9. Richard J. Blackwell (1973). "Interpretations of Life and Mind: Essays Around the Problem of Reduction," Ed. Marjorie Grene. Modern Schoolman 50 (2):239-240.
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  10. Thomas Bontly (2000). John Bickle Psychoneural Reduction: The New Wave. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 51 (4):901-905.
  11. Gerd Buchdahl (1981). Reduction-Realization: A Key to the Structure of Kant's Thought. Philosophical Topics 12 (2):39-98.
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  12. Robyn Carston (1987). Multiple Review. Mind and Language 2 (4):333-349.
    Gavagai! or the Future History of the Animal Language Controversy. By DAVID PREMACK.
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  13. Erwin Chargaff (forthcoming). In Dispraise of Reductionism. BioScience.
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  14. Colin Cheyne (1993). Reduction, Elimination, and Firewalking. Philosophy of Science 60 (2):349-357.
    Schwartz (1991) argues that the worry that successful reduction would eliminate rather than conserve the mental is a needless worry. He examines cases of reduction from the natural sciences and claims that if reduction of the mental is like any of those cases then it would not be a case of elimination. I discuss other cases of scientific reduction which do involve elimination. Schwartz has not shown that reduction of the mental could not be like such cases, so his argument (...)
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  15. Austen Clark (1980). Psychological Models and Neural Mechanisms: An Examination of Reductionism in Psychology. Oxford University Press.
  16. Justin Clarke-Doane (2008). Multiple Reductions Revisited. Philosophia Mathematica 16 (2):244-255.
    Paul Benacerraf's argument from multiple reductions consists of a general argument against realism about the natural numbers (the view that numbers are objects), and a limited argument against reductionism about them (the view that numbers are identical with prima facie distinct entities). There is a widely recognized and severe difficulty with the former argument, but no comparably recognized such difficulty with the latter. Even so, reductionism in mathematics continues to thrive. In this paper I develop a difficulty for Benacerraf's argument (...)
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  17. J. K. Clarkson & J. A. Deutsch (1966). Effect of Threshold Reduction on the Vibrato. Journal of Experimental Psychology 71 (5):706.
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  18. John B. Cobb Jr (1984). Overcoming Reductionism. In Charles Hartshorne, John B. Cobb & Franklin I. Gamwell (eds.), Existence and Actuality: Conversations with Charles Hartshorne. University of Chicago Press.
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  19. Jack Copenhaver & James M. Moore (1968). Multiple Lambing Research in Virginia. In Peter Koestenbaum (ed.), Proceedings. [San Jose? Calif.. 66.
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  20. Antonella Corradini (2010). 15 How Special Are Special Sciences? In Antonella Corradini & Timothy O'Connor (eds.), Emergence in Science and Philosophy. Routledge. 6--289.
  21. Jonathan Dancy (1987). Multiple Review. Mind and Language 2 (3):270-276.
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  22. Wilfrid Desan (1980). Aristote Ou Breughel. L'Un Et le Multiple. Revue Philosophique De Louvain 78 (39):400-411.
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  23. Markus I. Eronen (2011). Replacing Functional Reduction with Mechanistic Explanation. Philosophia Naturalis 47 (1-2):1-2.
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  24. Michael Esfeld (2010). Can Any Sciences Be Special? Comments on Papineau. In Graham Macdonald & Cynthia Macdonald (eds.), Emergence in Mind. Oxford University Press. 198.
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  25. Michael Esfeld & Christian Sachse (2007). Theory Reduction by Means of Functional Sub-Types. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 21 (1):1 – 17.
    The paper sets out a new strategy for theory reduction by means of functional sub-types. This strategy is intended to get around the multiple realization objection. We use Kim's argument for token identity (ontological reductionism) based on the causal exclusion problem as starting point. We then extend ontological reductionism to epistemological reductionism (theory reduction). We show how one can distinguish within any functional type between functional sub-types. Each of these sub-types is coextensive with one type of realizer. By this means, (...)
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  26. Herbert Feigl (1969). Reduction of Psychology to Neurophysiology? Kagaku Tetsugaku 2:163-184.
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  27. Jerry Fodor (1999). A Critique of Physiological Reductionism. In Robert Klee (ed.), Scientific Inquiry: Readings in the Philosophy of Science. Oxford University Press. 131.
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  28. Alan Garfinkel (1991). Reductionism. In Richard Boyd, Philip Gasper & J. D. Trout (eds.), The Philosophy of Science. Mit Press.
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  29. Millikan Ruth Garrett (1999). Historical Kinds and the``Special Sciences''. Philosophical Studies 95.
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  30. Marco Giunti (forthcoming). A Representational Approach to Reduction in Dynamical Systems. Erkenntnis:1-26.
    According to the received view, reduction is a deductive relation between two formal theories. In this paper, I develop an alternative approach, according to which reduction is a representational relation between models, rather than a deductive relation between theories; more specifically, I maintain that this representational relation is the one of emulation. To support this thesis, I focus attention on mathematical dynamical systems and I argue that, as far as these systems are concerned, the emulation relation is sufficient for reduction. (...)
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  31. James Hampton (1987). Multiple Review. Mind and Language 2 (3):264-269.
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  32. Margaret Harris (1987). Multiple Review. Mind and Language 2 (4):350-353.
    Language and Experience: Evidence from the Blind Child. By BARBARA LANDAU and LILA R. GLEITMAN.
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  33. Wayne I. Henry (1994). David Charles and Kathleen Lennon, Eds., Reduction, Explanation, and Realism Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 14 (2):79-82.
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  34. Eric Hiddleston (2011). Reductionism and the Micro-Macro Mirroring Thesis. Synthese 181 (2):209 - 226.
    This paper concerns reductionist views about psychology and the special sciences more generally. I identify a metaphysical assumption in reductionist views which I dub the 'Micro-Macro Mirroring Thesis'. The Mirroring Thesis says that the relation between the entities of any legitimate higher-level science and their lowerlevel realizers is similar to that between the entities of thermodynamics and statistical mechanics. I argue that reductionism implies the Thesis, and that the Thesis is not a priori. It is more difficult to tell whether (...)
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  35. Sachio Hirokawa, Yuichi Komori & Izumi Takeuti (1996). A Reduction Rule for Peirce Formula. Studia Logica 56 (3):419 - 426.
    A reduction rule is introduced as a transformation of proof figures in implicational classical logic. Proof figures are represented as typed terms in a -calculus with a new constant P (()). It is shown that all terms with the same type are equivalent with respect to -reduction augmented by this P-reduction rule. Hence all the proofs of the same implicational formula are equivalent. It is also shown that strong normalization fails for P-reduction. Weak normalization is shown for P-reduction with another (...)
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  36. A. Hooker (2005). Reduction as Cognitive Strategy. In Brian L. Keeley (ed.), Paul Churchland. Cambridge University Press.
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  37. Amir Horowitz (2011). Putnam's Multiple Realization Argument Against Type-Physicalism. In Michael Bruce & Steven Barbone (eds.), Just the Arguments: 100 of the Most Important Arguments in Western Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell.
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  38. Paul D. Humke (1975). An Example of a Function with Multiple Ambiguities. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 21 (1):413-416.
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  39. Catholijn M. Jonker, Jan Treur & Wouter C. A. Wijngaards (2002). Reductionist and Anti-Reductionist Perspectives on Dynamics. Philosophical Psychology 15 (4):381 – 409.
    In this paper, reduction and its pragmatics are discussed in light of the development in computer science of languages to describe processes. The design of higher-level description languages within computer science has had the aim of allowing for description of the dynamics of processes in the (physical) world on a higher level avoiding all (physical) details of these processes. The higher description levels developed have dramatically increased the complexity of applications that came within reach. The pragmatic attitude of a (scientific) (...)
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  40. Muhammad Ali Khalidi (2005). Against Functional Reductionism in Cognitive Science. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 19 (3):319 – 333.
    Functional reductionism concerning mental properties has recently been advocated by Jaegwon Kim in order to solve the problem of the 'causal exclusion' of the mental. Adopting a reductionist strategy first proposed by David Lewis, he regards psychological properties as being 'higher-order' properties functionally defined over 'lower-order' properties, which are causally efficacious. Though functional reductionism is compatible with the multiple realizability of psychological properties, it is blocked if psychological properties are subdivided or crosscut by neurophysiological properties. I argue that there is (...)
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  41. Jaegwon Kim (1968). Reduction, Correspondence and Identity. The Monist 52 (3):424-438.
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  42. Colin Klein, Spheres Are Not Multiply Realizable.
    Are spheres multiply realizable? A venerable tradition implies that they are. Putnam’s discussion of the peg and holes (in [Putnam, 1975]) is often taken to show that all volumetric shape properties are multiply realizable . The argument runs: (a) physics is the science of the “ultimate constituents” (Putnam’s phrase) of matter, and so (b) physics can only track the behavior of each of the simple constituents of a particular system, but (c) tediously tracking individual particles doesn’t make for a very (...)
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  43. Paul W. Kurtz (1958). Need Reduction and Normal Value. Journal of Philosophy 55 (13):555-568.
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  44. Jennifer Lackey (2006). 1. Reductionism. In Jennifer Lackey & Ernest Sosa (eds.), The Epistemology of Testimony. Oxford University Press. 160.
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  45. Darren Langdridge (2012). Heterosexism, Homonegativity, and the Sociopolitical Dangers of Orthodox Models of Prejudice Reduction. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (1):30-30.
    Criticism of orthodox models of prejudice reduction is particularly relevant for lesbians, gay men, and bisexuals, particularly when considering stage models of coming-out. If social change is to be effected regarding endemic homonegativity and heterosexism, then it is argued that a radical rethink is needed to the understandable but misinformed desire to get us to like each other more.
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  46. J. Lipton (1995). Realizability, Set Theory and Term Extraction. In Philippe De Groote (ed.), The Curry-Howard Isomorphism. Academia. 8--257.
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  47. Michael Lockwood (1993). The Grain Problem. In Howard M. Robinson (ed.), Objections to Physicalism. Oxford University Press.
  48. H. Looren De Jong, Evaluating New Wave Reductionism: The Case of Vision.
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  49. Ausonio Marras (2005). Consciousness and Reduction. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 56 (2):335-361.
    among them Joseph Levine, David Chalmers, Frank Jackson and Jaegwon Kim?have claimed that there are conceptual grounds sufficient for ruling out the possibility of a reductive explanation of phenomenal consciousness. Their claim assumes a functional model of reduction which requires an a priori entailment from the facts in the reduction base to the phenomena to be explained. The aim of this paper is to show that this is an unreasonable requirement?a requirement that no reductive explanation in science should be expected (...)
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  50. Daniel D. Merrill (1965). Reduction to the Fourth Figure. Mind 74 (293):66-70.
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