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  1. J. C. Abbott (1976). Orthoimplication Algebras. Studia Logica 35 (2):173 - 177.
    Orthologic is defined by weakening the axioms and rules of inference of the classical propositional calculus. The resulting Lindenbaum-Tarski quotient algebra is an orthoimplication algebra which generalizes the author's implication algebra. The associated order structure is a semi-orthomodular lattice. The theory of orthomodular lattices is obtained by adjoining a falsity symbol to the underlying orthologic or a least element to the orthoimplication algebra.
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  2. D. Abrams & C. Williams (forthcoming). Quantum Algorithms. Complexity.
  3. J. Agassi & S. F. Mason (1994). Radiation Theory and the Quantum Revolution. Annals of Science 51 (6):677-677.
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  4. David Z. Albert (1994). The Foundations of Quantum Mechanics and the Approach to Thermodynamic Equilibrium. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45 (2):669-677.
    It is argued that certain recent advances in the construction of a theory of the collapses of Quantum Mechanical wave functions suggest the possibility of new and improved foundations for statistical mechanics, foundations in which epistemic considerations play no role.
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  5. David Z. Albert (1988). On the Possibility That the Present Quantum State of the Universe is the Vacuum. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:127 - 133.
    It is inquired how much an observer can ascertain of the quantum state of a system of which he and his measuring apparatus form a part; how much, for example, observers like ourselves can ascertain of the quantum state of the Universe. It turns out that no practicable experiment (and: perhaps, no experiment whatever) can establish that that state is not the vacuum. Some of the implications of this curious result are discussed.
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  6. C. C. Allen (1933). Is the Theory of Relativity Sound? Australasian Journal of Philosophy 11 (4):293 – 299.
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  7. Edward Anderson, Julian Barbour, Brendan Foster & Niall Ó~Murchadha (2003). Scale-Invariant Gravity: Geometrodynamics. Classical and Quantum Gravity 20:1571--604.
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  8. K. O. Apel (1979). AA. W., The Logico Algebraic Approach to Quantum Mechanics, voL II: Con-Temporary Consolidation, Ed. By CA. Hooker, D. Reidel Publ. Camp., Dor-Drecht-Boston-London, 1979. AA. W., Theoretical Approaches to Complex Systems, Proceedings, Tubingen 1977, Lecture Notes in Biomathematics, 21, Springer-Veriag, Berlin 1978. [REVIEW] International Logic Review 12 (19-24):156.
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  9. Ion C. Baianu (2007). Categorical Ontology of Levels and Emergent Complexity: An Introduction. [REVIEW] Axiomathes 17 (3-4):209-222.
    An overview of the following three related papers in this issue presents the Emergence of Highly Complex Systems such as living organisms, man, society and the human mind from the viewpoint of the current Ontological Theory of Levels. The ontology of spacetime structures in the Universe is discussed beginning with the quantum level; then, the striking emergence of the higher levels of reality is examined from a categorical—relational and logical viewpoint. The ontological problems and methodology aspects discussed in the first (...)
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  10. Jonathan Bain, Papers.
    2010a. 'Relativity and Quantum Field Theories' Relativistic quantum field theories (RQFTs) are invariant under the action of the Poincaré group, the symmetry group of Minkowski spacetime. Non-relativistic quantum field theories (NQFTs) are invariant under the action of the symmetry group of a classical spacetime; i.e., a spacetime that minimally admits absolute spatial and temporal metrics. This essay is concerned with cashing out two implications of this basic difference. First, under a Received View, RQFTs do not admit particle interpretations. I argue (...)
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  11. Jonathan Bain (2005). Quantum Processes: A Whiteheadian Interpretation of Quantum Field Theory. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 36 (4):680-690.
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  12. Julian B. Barbour (2003). Scale-Invariant Gravity: Particle Dynamics. Classical and Quantum Gravity 20:1543--70.
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  13. A. F. Bennett (2015). Spin-Statistics Connection for Relativistic Quantum Mechanics. Foundations of Physics 45 (4):370-381.
    The spin-statistics connection has been proved for nonrelativistic quantum mechanics . The proof is extended here to the relativistic regime using the parametrized Dirac equation. A causality condition is not required.
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  14. Arno Bohm & Sujeewa Wickramasekara (1997). The Time Reversal Operator for Semigroup Evolutions. Foundations of Physics 27 (7):969-993.
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  15. D. Bohm & B. J. Hiley (1991). On the Relativistic Invariance of a Quantum Theory Based on Beables. Foundations of Physics 21 (2):243-250.
    We discuss the question of the relativistic invariance of a quantum theory based on beables, and we suggest the general outlines of one possible form of such a theory.
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  16. Niels Bohr (1987). The Philosophical Writings of Niels Bohr. Ox Bow Press.
    v. 1. Atomic theory and the description of nature -- v. 2. Essays 1932-1957 on atomic physics and human knowledge -- v. 3. Essays 1958-1962 on atomic physics and human knowledge -- v. 4. Causality and complementarity.
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  17. Niels Bohr (1986). Do Quanta Need a New Logic? In Robert G. Colodny (ed.), From Quarks to Quasars: Philosophical Problems of Modern Physics. University of Pittsburgh Press. 7--229.
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  18. Niels Bohr (1963/1987). Essays 1958-1962 on Atomic Physics and Human Knowledge. Ox Bow Press.
    Quantum physics and philosophy--causality and complementarity -- The unit of human knowledge -- The connection between the sciences -- Light and life revisited -- The Rutherford memorial lecture 1958 -- The genesis of quantum mechanics -- The Solvay meetings and the development of quantum physics.
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  19. George J. Bowdery (1946). The Concept of 'Field' in Electrical Theory. Philosophy of Science 13 (4):307-324.
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  20. Jeffrey Bub, Quantum Entanglement and Information. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  21. Jeffrey Bub & Laura Ruetsche (1998). Reviews-Interpreting the Quantum World. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 49 (4):637-641.
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  22. Jeremy Butterfield (1993). The Philosophy of Vacuum. Philosophical Books 34 (4):253-256.
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  23. H. G. Callaway (2014). Arthur S. Eddington, The Nature of the Physical World, An Annotated Edition. Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
    Arthur S. Eddington, FRS, (1882–1944) was one of the most prominent British scientists of his time. He made major contributions to astrophysics and to the broader understanding of the revolutionary theories of relativity and quantum mechanics. He is famed for his astronomical observations of 1919, confirming Einstein’s prediction of the curving of the paths of starlight, and he was the first major interpreter of Einstein’s physics to the English-speaking world. His 1928 book, The Nature of the Physical World, here re-issued (...)
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  24. Christian S. Calude, Michael J. Dinneen & Karl Svozil (2000). Reflections on Quantum Computing. Complexity 6 (1):35-37.
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  25. Tian Yu Cao & Silvan S. Schweber (1993). The Conceptual Foundations and the Philosophical Aspects of Renormalization Theory. Synthese 97 (1):33 - 108.
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  26. Elena Castellani (2002). Reductionism, Emergence, and Effective Field Theories. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 33 (2):251-267.
    In recent years, a ''change in attitude'' in particle physics has led to our understanding current quantum field theories as effective field theories (EFTs). The present paper is concerned with the significance of this EFT approach, especially from the viewpoint of the debate on reductionism in science. In particular, I shall show how EFTs provide a new and interesting case study in current philosophical discussion on reduction, emergence, and inter-level relationships in general.
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  27. Jordi Cat (2000). Must the Microcausality Condition Be Interpreted Causally?: Beyond Reduction and Matters of Fact. Theoria 15 (1):59-85.
    The ’microcausality’ condition in quantum field theory is typically presented and justified on the basis of general principles of physical causality. I explore in detail a number of alternative causal interpretations of this condition. I conclude that none is fully satisfactory, independent of further and controversial assumptions about the object and scope of quantum field theories. In particular the stronger causalreadings require a fully reductionist and fundamentalist attitude to quantum field theory. I argue, in a deflationary spirit, for a reading (...)
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  28. C. T. K. Chari (1975). Parapsychology, Quantum Logic, and Information Theory. In L. Oteri (ed.), Quantum Physics and Parapsychology. Parapsychology Foundation.
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  29. Maria Luisa Dalla Chiara & Roberto Giuntini (1995). The Logics of Orthoalgebras. Studia Logica 55 (1):3 - 22.
    The notion of unsharp orthoalgebra is introduced and it is proved that the category of unsharp orthoalgebras is isomorphic to the category of D-posets. A completeness theorem for some partial logics based on unsharp orthoalgebras, orthoalgebras and orthomodular posets is proved.
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  30. Richard Cleve, Artur Ekert, Leah Henderson, Chiara Macchiavello & Michele Mosca (1998). On Quantum Algorithms. Complexity 4 (1):33-42.
  31. Rob Clifton (2002). The Subtleties of Entanglement and its Role in Quantum Information Theory. Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2002 (3):S150-S167.
    My aim in this paper is a modest one. I do not have any particular thesis to advance about the nature of entanglement, nor can I claim novelty for any of the material I shall discuss. My aim is simply to raise some questions about entanglement that spring naturally from certain developments in quantum information theory and are, I believe, worthy of serious consideration by philosophers of science. The main topics I discuss are different manifestations of quantum nonlocality, entanglement-assisted communication, (...)
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  32. I. Bernard Cohen (1964). “Quantum in Se Est”. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 38:36-46.
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  33. John Cramer, Artificial Gravity: Which Way is Up?
    My interest in the physics of space station gravity developed because last year Vonda McIntyre was writing a book with a space station setting, and she asked my advice. The book, Barbary, is about a teenager who leaves Earth to live in a space station with spin-generated gravity. I helped Vonda in a very minor way by identifying the physical effects that the heroine would experience in that environment. What's it like to ride an elevator in a space station? How (...)
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  34. Martin Daumer, Detlef Duerr, Sheldon Goldstein, Tim Maudlin, Roderich Tumulka & Nino Zanghi, The Message of the Quantum?
    We criticize speculations to the effect that quantum mechanics is fundamentally about information. We do this by pointing out how unfounded such speculations in fact are. Our analysis focuses on the dubious claims of this kind recently made by Anton Zeilinger.
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  35. Paul Davies, Quantum Vacuum Friction.
    The quantum vacuum may in certain circumstances be regarded as a type of fluid medium, or aether, exhibiting energy density, pressure, stress and friction. Vacuum friction may be thought of as being responsible for the spontaneous creation of particles from the vacuum state when the system is non-stationary. Examples include the expanding universe, rotating black holes, moving mirrors, atoms passing close to surfaces, and the activities of sub-cellular biosystems. The concept of vacuum friction will be reviewed and illustrated, and some (...)
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  36. B. DeFacio (1975). Causal Independence in Algebraic Quantum Field Theory. Foundations of Physics 5 (2):229-237.
    Ekstein has shown that causal independence neither implies nor is implied by commutativity in an infinite-dimensional, reducible construction. DeFacio and Taylor have presented a finite-dimensional irreducible example of Ekstein's proposition. Avishai and Ekstein have shown that the original question regarding locality for algebraic quantum field theories remainsopen. We concur with that claim and offer additional arguments. A new denumerably infinite-dimensional, irreducible example is presented here which shows that a sort of “orthogonality” among operators is involved. Some observations on localC*-andW*-algebras are (...)
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  37. Françoise Delon & Danielle Gondard (1991). XVIIème Problème de Hilbert Sur Les Corps Chaîne-Clos. Journal of Symbolic Logic 56 (3):853-861.
    A chain-closed field is defined as a chainable field (i.e. a real field such that, for all n ∈ N, Σ K2n+1 ≠ Σ K2n) which does not admit any "faithful" algebraic extension, and can also be seen as a field having a Henselian valuation ν such that the residue field K/ν is real closed and the value group ν K is odd divisible with |ν K/2ν K| = 2. If K admits only one such valuation, we show that f (...)
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  38. Michael Dickson, Non-Relativistic Quantum Mechanics.
    This essay is a discussion of the philosophical and foundational issues that arise in non-relativistic quantum theory. After introducing the formalism of the theory, I consider: characterizations of the quantum formalism, empirical content, uncertainty, the measurement problem, and non-locality. In each case, the main point is to give the reader some introductory understanding of some of the major issues and recent ideas.
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  39. Herbert Dingle (1967). Particle and Field Theories of Gravitation. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 18 (1):57-64.
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  40. David P. DiVincenzo & Barbara M. Terhal (2005). Fermionic Linear Optics Revisited. Foundations of Physics 35 (12):1967-1984.
    We provide an alternative view of the efficient classical simulatibility of fermionic linear optics in terms of Slater determinants. We investigate the generic effects of two-mode measurements on the Slater number of fermionic states. We argue that most such measurements are not capable (in conjunction with fermion linear optics) of an efficient exact implementation of universal quantum computation. Our arguments do not apply to the two-mode parity measurement, for which exact quantum computation becomes possible.
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  41. Maxim Dvornikov (2012). Canonical Quantization of a Massive Weyl Field. Foundations of Physics 42 (11):1469-1479.
    We construct a consistent theory of a quantum massive Weyl field. We start with the formulation of the classical field theory approach for the description of massive Weyl fields. It is demonstrated that the standard Lagrange formalism cannot be applied for the studies of massive first-quantized Weyl spinors. Nevertheless we show that the classical field theory description of massive Weyl fields can be implemented in frames of the Hamilton formalism or using the extended Lagrange formalism. Then we carry out a (...)
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  42. D. M. Eagles (1978). An Electrostatic Interpretation of Some Empirical Parameters of Light Quarks. Foundations of Physics 8 (5-6):417-421.
    Values of some arbitrary parameters appearing in a geometrical model for elementary particles developed by MacGregor are compared with quantities associated with classical properties of blocks of charges±e interacting via Coulomb forces and hard-sphere repulsion only. If it is assumed that masses and radii of individual charged particles are related bymc 2=(2/3)(e 2/r) and thatmc 2=6.87 MeV, then the self-energiesM andM ± of 24-particle neutral blocks and 25-particle charged blocks composed of layers of three octagons and of a square sandwiched (...)
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  43. John Earman (forthcoming). No Superluminal Propagation for Classical Relativistic and Relativistic Quantum Fields. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics.
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  44. J. H. Eberly (1993). Self-Consistent Radiation Reaction in Quantum Optics—Jaynes'influence and a New Example in Cavity Qed. In E. T. Jaynes, Walter T. Grandy & Peter W. Milonni (eds.), Physics and Probability: Essays in Honor of Edwin T. Jaynes. Cambridge University Press. 63.
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  45. Bruno Eckhardt & Uzy Smilansky (2001). Stroboscopic Quantization of Autonomous Systems. Foundations of Physics 31 (3):543-556.
    We introduce a semiclassical quantization method which is based on a stroboscopic description of the classical and the quantum flows. We show that this approach emerges naturally when one is interested in extracting the energy spectrum within a prescribed and finite energy interval. The resulting semiclassical expression involves a finite number of periodic orbits whose energies are in the considered interval. Higher order corrections which reflect the sharp restriction of the spectrum to an interval are explicitly given. The relation to (...)
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  46. James D. Edmonds Jr (1978). An Elegant but “Simple” Form for the Dirac Hydrogen Atom. Foundations of Physics 8 (1-2):123-129.
    The operator structures for the constants of the motion of the relativistic hydrogen atom are examined. ThoughJ 3 andJ · J are constants of the motion,J is not. Its replacement, $\tilde {\rm K}$ , is shown to emerge rather naturally in transforming the equation to spherical coordinates. The separation of variables is presented in hypercomplex number form. This leads to some interesting suggestions regarding the matter/antimatter operator for the Dirac equation.
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  47. James D. Edmonds Jr (1978). Parton Confinement: A Different Perspective. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 8 (9-10):793-795.
    Partons (quarks) are unobservable, it is suggested, because they have no well-defined rest-massconcept.
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  48. James D. Edmonds Jr (1974). Complex Energies in Relativistic Quantum Theory. Foundations of Physics 4 (4):473-479.
    A new four-component spin-1/2 wave equation for ordinary mass is discussed. It is shown that this equation has a conserved current not easily identified with a transition probability, only pure imaginary energy states, and is covariant. A tachyon-like Klein-Gordon equation is satisfied by this equation, but rest states are explicitly constructed.
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  49. H. J. Efinger (1989). Nonlinear Schrödinger Mechanics and the Law of Gravity. Foundations of Physics 19 (4):407-418.
    This paper is a study of the consequences that follow from modeling a nonlinear and nonrelativistic quantum theory for gravitating particles. At present there exists no relativistic generalizations that do not sacrifice certain assumptions which are standard in covariant field theories.
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  50. C. E. Engelke & C. W. Engelke (1986). The Effect of Localization on Interference. I. Calculated Intensities for a Feasible Optical Experiment. Foundations of Physics 16 (9):905-916.
    A simple geometry utilizing a laser-excited atomic beam as light source, and a nearby oscillating mirror, would permit the observation of a two-channel optical interference effect involving photons which can be localized predominantly in one channel by coincidence observations of the recoiling source atom. A sacrifice of the optimum conditions for photon interference is necessary even when photon localization in one channel is accomplished by an observation of the recoil atom. This necessity arises because the width of the slit defining (...)
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