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  1. added 2016-08-24
    David Kennedy (forthcoming). Anarchism, Schooling, and Democratic Sensibility. Studies in Philosophy and Education:1-18.
    This paper seeks to address the question of schooling for democracy by, first, identifying at least one form of social character, dependent, after Marcuse, on the historical emergence of a “new sensibility.” It then explores one pedagogical thread related to the emergence of this form of subjectivity over the course of the last two centuries in the west, and traces its influence in the educational counter-tradition associated with philosophical anarchism, which is based on principles of dialogue and social reconstruction as (...)
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  2. added 2016-08-24
    Sean Welsh (forthcoming). Jerry A. Fodor and Xenon W. Pylyshyn: Minds Without Meanings: An Essay in the Content of Concepts. Minds and Machines:1-5.
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  3. added 2016-08-24
    Ben Dixon (2016). Deriving Moral Considerability From Leopold’s A Sand County Almanac. Ethics, Policy and Environment 19 (2):196-212.
    I argue that a reasonable understanding of Leopold’s ‘Land Ethic’ is one that identifies possession of health as being a sufficient condition for moral consideration. With this, Leopold extends morality not only to biotic wholes, but to individual organisms, as both can have their health undermined. My argument centers on explaining why Leopold thinks it reasonable to analogize ecosystems both to an organism and to a community: both have a health. My conclusions undermine J. Baird Callicott’s rhetorical dismissal of the (...)
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  4. added 2016-08-24
    A. Kalis, S. Kaiser & A. Mojzisch (2013). Why We Should Talk About Option Generation in Decision-Making Research. Frontiers in Psychology 4 (555):1-8.
  5. added 2016-08-23
    Jovan Babić, Belonging as a Social and Institutional Fact.
    The first issue raised in the paper is difference between social and institutional facts; both exist only because we believe they are real. Second is the claim that belonging to collectives is always a social fact, not necessarily as a result of any decision-making process; it might also become institutional through actual, sometimes only implicit, acceptance of some constitutive rules (which necessarily includes decision-making). Third, accepting constitutive rules functions by setting an irreversible point in time after which the scope of (...)
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  6. added 2016-08-23
    Jovan Babić, Belonging as a Social and Institutional Fact.
    The first issue raised in the paper is difference between social and institutional facts; both exist only because we believe they are real. Second is the claim that belonging to collectives is always a social fact, not necessarily as a result of any decision-making process; it might also become institutional through actual, sometimes only implicit, acceptance of some constitutive rules (which necessarily includes decision-making). Third, accepting constitutive rules functions by setting an irreversible point in time after which the scope of (...)
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  7. added 2016-08-23
    Sean Welsh (forthcoming). Luís Moniz Pereira & Ari Saptawijaya, Programming Machine Ethics. Minds and Machines:1-5.
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  8. added 2016-08-23
    Finnur Dellsén (forthcoming). Certainty and Explanation in Descartes' Philosophy of Science. Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science.
    This paper presents a new approach to resolving an apparent tension in Descartes’ discussion of scientific theories and explanations in the Principles of Philosophy. On the one hand, Descartes repeatedly claims that any theories presented in science must be certain and indubitable. On the other hand, Descartes himself presents an astonishing number of speculative explanations of various scientific phenomena. In response to this tension, commentators have suggested that Descartes changed his mind about scientific theories having to be certain and indubitable, (...)
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  9. added 2016-08-23
    Derek von Barandy (2016). Definite Descriptions and Indeterminate Identity (Extended Abstract). Logiko-Filosofskie Studii 13 (2):111-112.
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  10. added 2016-08-23
    María G. Navarro (2016). A Principled Standpoint: A Reply to Sandra Harding. Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 8:17-23.
    Take the strong rhetoric! This expression comes to mind as we set in order the ideas and impressions prompted by Sandra Harding’s “An Organic Logic of Research: A Response to Posey and Navarro”.
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  11. added 2016-08-22
    Dois Koh, Divination by Science.
    This paper attempts to decipher what we really mean when we use the word "Science" by briefly exploring the criterion of "predictive power" with respect to the demarcation problem. It is essentially an articulation of Lakatos' view of Science and attempts to show that predictive power is quintessential to science.
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  12. added 2016-08-22
    Alexander W. Kocurek (forthcoming). On the Expressive Power of First-Order Modal Logic with Two-Dimensional Operators. Synthese:1-45.
    Many authors have noted that there are types of English modal sentences cannot be formalized in the language of basic first-order modal logic. Some widely discussed examples include “There could have been things other than there actually are” and “Everyone who is actually rich could have been poor.” In response to this lack of expressive power, many authors have discussed extensions of first-order modal logic with two-dimensional operators. But claims about the relative expressive power of these extensions are often justified (...)
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  13. added 2016-08-22
    Raymond Aaron Younis (forthcoming). On Recontsruction: On the Limits, Horizons and Possibilities of Critical Theory. In Harry Dahms & Eric Lybeck (eds.), On Reconstruction. Ashgate
  14. added 2016-08-22
    Marco Solinas (2015). La redécouverte de la « via regia ». Freud lecteur de Platon. Revue Philosophique De Louvain 113 (4):535-567.
    A partir du renvoi à la « maxime de Platon » insérée dans l’avant dernière page de la première édition de L’interprétation du rêve, l’auteur expose d’abord les convergences entre la conception du rêve de Platon présentée dans La République et les intuitions qui fondent l’édifice métapsychologique freudien. A la lumière des sources textuelles citées par Freud et de ses intérêts, l’auteur avance ensuite l’hypothèse selon laquelle Freud aurait non seulement omis de reconnaître la généalogie théorétique platonicienne de la « (...)
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  15. added 2016-08-21
    Eric Chelstrom (forthcoming). Criticisms of Cicovacki’s The Analysis of Wonder. Axiomathes:1-9.
    The Analysis of Wonder is a stimulating and worthy introduction to the difficult and unique thought of Nicolai Hartmann. In this venue, the focus is upon criticisms of Cicovacki’s book. The opportunity to elicit further clarification and argumentation from Cicovacki should be fruitful. Hartmann’s philosophy is truly unique in nature and vast. As such, it is worth noting at the outset that, given the nature of Cicovacki’s book and a lack of deeper familiarity with Hartmann’s philosophy, the concerns raised herein (...)
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  16. added 2016-08-21
    Seungbae Park (forthcoming). Problems with Using Evolutionary Theory in Philosophy. Axiomathes.
    Does science move toward truths? Are present scientific theories (approximately) true? Should we invoke truths to explain the success of science? Do our cognitive faculties track truths? Some philosophers say yes, while others say no, to these questions. Interestingly, both groups use the same scientific theory, viz., evolutionary theory, to defend their positions. I argue that it begs the question for the former group to do so because their positive answers imply that evolutionary theory is warranted, whereas it is self-defeating (...)
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  17. added 2016-08-21
    Marco Mamone-Capria (forthcoming). On the Fundamental Theorem of the Theory of Relativity. Foundations of Physics:1-33.
    A new formulation of what may be called the “fundamental theorem of the theory of relativity” is presented and proved in -space-time, based on the full classification of special transformations and the corresponding velocity addition laws. A system of axioms is introduced and discussed leading to the result, and a study is made of several variants of that system. In particular the status of the group axiom is investigated with respect to the condition of the two-way isotropy of light. Several (...)
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  18. added 2016-08-21
    Eugene Mills (forthcoming). Introspection in Michael Pelczar’s Sensorama. [REVIEW] Analysis.
  19. added 2016-08-21
    Matteo Colombo (forthcoming). Gualtiero Piccinini: Physical Computation: A Mechanistic Account. Minds and Machines:1-6.
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  20. added 2016-08-21
    Edward Elliott (forthcoming). A Representation Theorem for Frequently Irrational Agents. Journal of Philosophical Logic:1-40.
    The standard representation theorem for expected utility theory tells us that if a subject’s preferences conform to certain axioms, then she can be represented as maximising her expected utility given a particular set of credences and utilities—and, moreover, that having those credences and utilities is the only way that she could be maximising her expected utility. However, the kinds of agents these theorems seem apt to tell us anything about are highly idealised, being always probabilistically coherent with infinitely precise degrees (...)
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  21. added 2016-08-21
    Peter Fritz (forthcoming). Appendix to Juhani Yli-Vakkuri’s ‘Epistemicism and Modality’. Canadian Journal of Philosophy:1-3.
    A formal result is proved which is used in Juhani Yli-Vakkuri’s ‘Epistemicism and Modality’ to argue that certain two-dimensional possible world models are inadequate for a language with operators for ‘necessarily’, ‘actually’, and ‘definitely’.
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  22. added 2016-08-21
    Jerzy Gołosz (forthcoming). Presentism and the Flow of Time. Axiomathes:1-10.
    The paper examines the relations between presentism and the thesis concerning the existence of the flow of time. It tries to show that the presentist has to admit the existence of the passage of time and that the standard formulation of presentism as a singular thesis saying that only the present exists is insufficient because it does not allow the inference of the existence of the passage of time. Instead of this, the paper proposes a formulation of presentism with the (...)
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  23. added 2016-08-21
    Michael Pelczar (forthcoming). Author's Summary, and Replies to Commentators. [REVIEW] Analysis.
  24. added 2016-08-21
    Kiran Pai (2016). The Eternal Unprovability Filter – Part I. Dissertation, Thinkstrike
    I prove both the mathematical conjectures P ≠ NP and the Continuum Hypothesis are eternally unprovable using the same fundamental idea. Starting with the Saunders Maclane idea that a proof is eternal or it is not a proof, I use the indeterminacy of human biological capabilities in the eternal future to show that since both conjectures are independent of Axioms and have definitions connected with human biological capabilities, it would be impossible to prove them eternally without the creation and widespread (...)
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  25. added 2016-08-21
    Francesco Furini, Rahul Rai, Barry Smith, Georgio Colombo & Venkat Krovi (2016). Development of a Manufacturing Ontology for Functionally Graded Materials. In Proceedings of International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference (IDETC/CIE).
    The development of manufacturing technologies for new materials involves the generation of a large and continually evolving volume of information. The analysis, integration and management of such large volumes of data, typically stored in multiple independently developed databases, creates significant challenges for practitioners. There is a critical need especially for open-sharing of data pertaining to engineering design which together with effective decision support tools can enable innovation. We believe that ontology applied to engineering (OE) represents a viable strategy for the (...)
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  26. added 2016-08-21
    Renée Bilodeau (2001). Croyance et justification. Cahiers de Philosophie de L’Université de Caen 37:153-165.
    Cet article se propose de montrer que l’éthique de la croyance, si elle permet de clarifier certains problèmes épistémiques, a le tort d’être utilisée à des fins pour lesquelles le réseau conceptuel de l’éthique est inadéquat. Dans ce but, je présente d’abord la thèse de la divergence et les arguments qui militent en sa faveur. J’indique ensuite pourquoi ces arguments ne sont pas concluants en examinant de plus près les rapports existant entre raisons épistémiques et raisons pratiques. Cette discussion se (...)
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  27. added 2016-08-20
    Heidi Gauder & Fred W. Jenkins (forthcoming). The Research Skills of Undergraduate Philosophy Majors in Advance. Teaching Philosophy.
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  28. added 2016-08-20
    Anna Alexandrova (forthcoming). Can the Science of Well-Being Be Objective? British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axw027.
    Well–being, health and freedom are some of the many phenomena of interest to science whose definitions rely on a normative standard. Empirical generalizations about them thus present a special case of value-ladenness. I propose the notion of a ‘mixed claim’ to denote such generalizations. Against the prevailing wisdom, I argue that we should not seek to eliminate them from science. Rather, we need to develop principles for their legitimate use. Philosophers of science have already reconciled values with objectivity in several (...)
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  29. added 2016-08-20
    Erik Curiel (forthcoming). On the Existence of Spacetime Structure. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axw014.
    I examine the debate between substantivalists and relationalists about the ontological character of spacetime and conclude it is not well posed. I argue that the hole argument does not bear on the debate, because it provides no clear criterion to distinguish the positions. I propose two such precise criteria and construct separate arguments based on each to yield contrary conclusions, one supportive of something like relationalism and the other of something like substantivalism. The lesson is that one must fix an (...)
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  30. added 2016-08-20
    Manya Raman-Sundström & Lars-Daniel Öhman (forthcoming). Mathematical Fit: A Case Study. Philosophia Mathematica:nkw015.
    Mathematicians routinely pass judgements on mathematical proofs. A proof might be elegant, cumbersome, beautiful, or awkward. Perhaps the highest praise is that a proof is right, that is, that the proof fits the theorem in an optimal way. It is also common to judge that one proof fits better than another, or that a proof does not fit a theorem at all. This paper attempts to clarify the notion of mathematical fit. We suggest six criteria that distinguish proofs as being (...)
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  31. added 2016-08-20
    Jose Luis Gonzalez Recio (2016). Los hechos y las hipótesis en la fisiología francesa del siglo XIX. Ludus Vitalis 45:101-126.
    The historiographical studies focused on French nineteenth-century physiology have eventually enshrined the thesis that the need to resort to hypotheses was assumed and proclaimed for the first time within the works and scientific practice of Claude Bernard (1813-1888). His teacher, François Magendie (1783-1855), is presented as a figure that fights against vitalism and that, devoted to an absolute empiricism, only admits the bare facts as constitutive elements of science. He accepted generalizations —as long as they were not premature— from what (...)
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  32. added 2016-08-20
    Shamik Dasgupta (2016). Symmetry as an Epistemic Notion. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 67 (3):837-878.
    Symmetries in physics are a guide to reality. That much is well known. But what is less well known is why symmetry is a guide to reality. What justifies inferences that draw conclusions about reality from premises about symmetries? I argue that answering this question reveals that symmetry is an epistemic notion twice over. First, these inferences must proceed via epistemic lemmas: premises about symmetries in the first instance justify epistemic lemmas about our powers of detection, and only from those (...)
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  33. added 2016-08-20
    Vincent Bergeron (2016). Functional Independence and Cognitive Architecture. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 67 (3):817-836.
    In cognitive science, the concept of dissociation has been central to the functional individuation and decomposition of cognitive systems. Setting aside debates about the legitimacy of inferring the existence of dissociable systems from ‘behavioural’ dissociation data, the main idea behind the dissociation approach is that two cognitive systems are dissociable, and thus viewed as distinct, if each can be damaged, or impaired, without affecting the other system’s functions. In this article, I propose a notion of functional independence that does not (...)
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  34. added 2016-08-20
    Sean Gryb & Karim P. Y. Thébault (2016). Time Remains. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 67 (3):663-705.
    On one popular view, the general covariance of gravity implies that change is relational in a strong sense, such that all it is for a physical degree of freedom to change is for it to vary with regard to a second physical degree of freedom. At a quantum level, this view of change as relative variation leads to a fundamentally timeless formalism for quantum gravity. Here, we will show how one may avoid this acute ‘problem of time’. Under our view, (...)
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  35. added 2016-08-19
    Asbjørn Steglich-Petersen (forthcoming). Epistemic Instrumentalism, Permissibility, and Reasons for Belief. In Conor McHugh, Jonathan Way & Daniel Whiting (eds.), Normativity: Epistemic and Practical. Oxford University Press
    Epistemic instrumentalists seek to understand the normativity of epistemic norms on the model practical instrumental norms governing the relation between aims and means. Non-instrumentalists often object that this commits instrumentalists to implausible epistemic assessments. I argue that this objection presupposes an implausibly strong interpretation of epistemic norms. Once we realize that epistemic norms should be understood in terms of permissibility rather than obligation, and that evidence only occasionally provide normative reasons for belief, an instrumentalist account becomes available that delivers the (...)
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  36. added 2016-08-19
    Dimitria Electra Gatzia & Berit Brogaard (forthcoming). What Can Neuroscience Tell Us About the Hard Problem of Consciousness? (Doi: 10.3389/Fnins.2016.00395). Frontiers in Neuroscience.
    Rapid advances in the field of neuroimaging techniques including magnetoencephalography (MEG), electroencephalography (EEG), functional MRI (fMRI), diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), voxel based morphomentry (VBM), and optical imaging, have allowed neuroscientists to investigate neural processes in ways that have not been possible until recently. Combining these techniques with advanced analysis procedures during different conditions such as hypnosis, psychiatric and neurological conditions, subliminal stimulation, and psychotropic drugs began transforming the study of neuroscience, ushering a new paradigm that may allow neuroscientists to tackle (...)
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  37. added 2016-08-19
    Ricardo Sousa Silvestre (forthcoming). Karma Theory, Determinism, Fatalism and Freedom of Will. Logica Universalis:1-26.
    The so-called theory of karma is one of the distinguishing aspects of Hinduism and other non-Hindu south-Asian traditions. At the same time that the theory can be seen as closely connected with the freedom of will and action that we humans supposedly have, it has many times been said to be determinist and fatalist. The purpose of this paper is to analyze in some deepness the relations that are between the theory of karma on one side and determinism, fatalism and (...)
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  38. added 2016-08-19
    Marianna Bergamaschi Ganapini (forthcoming). Why We Can Still Believe the Error Theory. International Journal of Philosophical Studies:1-14.
  39. added 2016-08-19
    J. P. Smit, Filip Buekens & Stan du Plessis (2016). Cigarettes, Dollars and Bitcoins – an Essay on the Ontology of Money. Journal of Institutional Economics 12 (2):327 - 347.
    What does being money consist in? We argue that something is money if, and only if, it is typically acquired in order to realise the reduction in transaction costs that accrues in virtue of agents coordinating on acquiring the same thing when deciding what thing to acquire in order to exchange. What kinds of things can be money? We argue against the common view that a variety of things (notes, coins, gold, cigarettes, etc.) can be money. All monetary systems are (...)
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  40. added 2016-08-19
    Lukasz Hardt (2016). Between Isolations and Constructions: Economic Models as Believable Worlds. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 106.
    As the title of this essay suggests, my concern is with the issue of what are economic models. However, the goal of the paper is not to offer an in-depth study on multiple approaches to modelling in economics, but rather to overcome the dichotomical divide between conceptualizing models as isolations and constructions. This is done by introducing the idea of economic models as believable worlds, precisely descriptions of mechanisms that refer to the essentials of the modelled targets. In doing so (...)
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  41. added 2016-08-19
    Werner Ceusters & Barry Smith (2015). Aboutness: Towards Foundations for the Information Artifact Ontology. In Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Biomedical Ontology (ICBO). CEUR Vol. 1515 1-5.
    The Information Artifact Ontology (IAO) was created to serve as a domain‐neutral resource for the representation of types of information content entities (ICEs) such as documents, data‐bases, and digital im‐ages. We identify a series of problems with the current version of the IAO and suggest solutions designed to advance our understanding of the relations between ICEs and associated cognitive representations in the minds of human subjects. This requires embedding IAO in a larger framework of ontologies, including most importantly the Mental (...)
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  42. added 2016-08-19
    Nicola Mößner (2010). Wie wirklich ist die Wirklichkeit. Wissenschaftliche Fotografien als Daten. In Richard Heinrich, Elisabeth Nemeth & Wolfram Pichler (eds.), Bild und Bildlichkeit in Philosophie, Wissenschaft und Kunst (Image and Imaging in Philosophy, Science, and the Arts), Papers of the 33 rd International Wittgenstein Symposium. Austrian Ludwig Wittgenstein Society 216-219.
    Fotografien können als paradigmatische Instanzen des Bildbegriffs aufgefasst werden. Sie finden umfangreiche Verwendung in den Wissenschaften. Die kausale Relation zum abgebildeten Objekt sowie die vermeintliche Ähnlichkeit des Bildes mit seinem Gegenstand scheinen ihren Gebrauch als Belege im Forschungsprozess zu legitimieren. Anhand einer Fallstudie zur Oberflächenerfassung des Planeten Mars mit Hilfe einer digitalen Spezialkamera soll in diesem Beitrag untersucht werden, inwiefern Fotografien der Status eines wissenschaftlichen Datums tatsächlich zugesprochen werden kann oder nicht.
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  43. added 2016-08-18
    Baptiste Bedessem & Stphanie Ruphy (forthcoming). SMT and TOFT Integrable After All: A Reply to Bizzarri and Cucina. Acta Biotheoretica.
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  44. added 2016-08-18
    Tadeusz Ciecierski (forthcoming). Attitudes and Normativity. Axiomathes:1-19.
    The paper attempts to pose a problem for theories claiming that intentional attributions are essentially normative. Firstly, I argue that the claim is ambiguous. Secondly, that three possible interpretations of the claim can be distinguished: one that appeals to normative impositions put on agents of intentional states, another that exploits the fact that one can normatively assess the states in question and a further one that locates normativity in the domain of special intentional explanations. Thirdly, it is argued that each (...)
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  45. added 2016-08-18
    Piotr Tomasz Makowski (forthcoming). Intention Inertia and the Plasticity of Planning. Philosophical Psychology:1-12.
    In this article, I examine Michael Bratman’s account of stability in his planning theory of intention. Future-directed intentions should be stable, or appropriately resistant to change, over time. Bratman claims that the norm of stability governs both intentions and plans. The aim of this article is to critically enrich Bratman’s account of stability by introducing plasticity as an additional norm of planning. I construct plasticity as a kind of stability of intentions which supplements Bratman’s notion of “reasonable stability.” Unlike the (...)
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  46. added 2016-08-18
    Borys Jastrzębski (2016). The Number of Moons Is Not a Number. Towards a Comprehensive Linguistic Approach to Frege's Commitment Puzzle. Filozofia Nauki 25 (2).
    Comprehensive Linguistic Approach to Frege's Commitment Puzzle There is a puzzle, noticed by Frege, about inferences from sentences like (F1) "Jupiter has four moons" to sentences like (F2) "The number of moons of Jupiter is four". They seem to be truth-conditionally equivalent but, apparently, they say something about completely different things. (F1) seems to be about moons, while (F2) about numbers. This phenomenon raises several puzzles about semantics, syntax, and is one of main tools of easy ontology. Recently, new linguistic (...)
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  47. added 2016-08-18
    Alfred Gierer (1988). Physics, Life and Mind: The Scope and Limitations of Science. In Iain Paul Jan Fennema (ed.), Second European Conference on Science and Religion. Kluwer Academic Publishers 61-71.
    What, precisely, are the ‘changing perspectives on reality’ in contemporary scientific thought? The topics of the lecture are the scope and the limits of science with emphasis on the physical foundations of biology. The laws of physics in general and the physics of molecules in particular form the basis for explaining the mechanism of reproduction, the generation of structure and form in the course of the development of the individual organism, the evolution of the diversity and complexity of organisms by (...)
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  48. added 2016-08-17
    David P. Ellerman (forthcoming). Four Ways From Universal to Particular: How Chomsky’s Principles-and-Parameters Model is Not Selectionist. Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics:1-15.
    Following the development of the selectionist theory of the immune system, there was an attempt to characterise many biological mechanisms as being ‘selectionist’ as juxtaposed with ‘instructionist’. However, this broad definition would group Darwinian evolution, the immune system, embryonic development, and Chomsky’s principles-and-parameters language-acquisition mechanism together under the ‘selectionist’ umbrella, even though Chomsky’s mechanism and embryonic development are significantly different from the selectionist mechanisms of biological evolution and the immune system. Surprisingly, there is an abstract way using two dual mathematical (...)
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  49. added 2016-08-17
    Holly Andersen (forthcoming). The Hodgsonian Account of Temporal Experience. In Ian Phillips (ed.), Handbook of The Philosophy of Temporal Experience. Routledge
    This chapter offers a overview of Shadworth Hodgson's account of experience as fundamentally temporal, an account that was deeply influential on thinkers such as William James and which prefigures the phenomenology of Husserl in many ways. I highlight eight key features that are characteristic of Hodgson's account, and how they hang together to provide a coherent overall picture of experience and knowledge. Hodgson's account is then compared to Husserl's, and I argue that Hodgson's account offers a better target for projects (...)
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  50. added 2016-08-17
    Karen Frost-Arnold (forthcoming). Social Media, Trust, and the Epistemology of Prejudice. Social Epistemology:1-19.
    Ignorance of one’s privileges and prejudices is an epistemic problem. While the sources of ignorance of privilege and prejudice are increasingly understood, less clarity exists about how to remedy ignorance. In fact, the various causes of ignorance can seem so powerful, various, and mutually reinforcing that studying the epistemology of ignorance can inspire pessimism about combatting socially constructed ignorance. I argue that this pessimism is unwarranted. The testimony of members of oppressed groups can often help members of privileged groups overcome (...)
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