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  1. added 2016-07-29
    B. Schnieder (forthcoming). In Defence of a Logic for ‘Because’. Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics:1-12.
    The present author developed a calculus for the logic of ‘because’. In a recent paper in this journal, it has been claimed that the central inference rules for the logic are invalid and that the intuition upon which the rules are based is not accounted for. This note criticises these arguments and presents an independent argument in favour of the rules used in the logic.
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  2. added 2016-07-29
    Ion Tănăsescu (forthcoming). The Intentionality of Sensation and the Problem of Classification of Philosophical Sciences in Brentano’s Empirical Psychology. Axiomathes:1-21.
    In the well-known intentionality quote of his Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint, Brentano characterises the mental phenomena through the following features: the intentional inexistence of an object, the relation to a content, and the direction toward an object. The text argues that this characterisation is not general because the direction toward an object does not apply to the mental phenomena of sensation. The second part of the paper analyses the consequences that ensue from here for the Brentanian classification of mental (...)
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  3. added 2016-07-28
    Alfonso Leon Guillen Gomez, Gravity is a Force.
    The General Relativity understands gravity like inertial movement of the free fall of the bodies in curved spacetime of Lorentz. The law of inertia of Newton would be particular case of the inertial movement of the bodies in the spacetime flat of Euclid. But, in the step, of the particular to the general, breaks the law of inertia of Galilei since recovers the rectilinear uniform movement but not the repose state, unless the bodies have undergone their union, although, the curved (...)
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  4. added 2016-07-28
    Alexander Reutlinger, Dominik Hangleiter & Stephan Hartmann (forthcoming). Understanding (With) Toy Models. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science.
    Toy models are highly idealized and extremely simple models. Although they are omnipresent across scientific disciplines, toy models are a surprisingly under-appreciated subject in the philosophy of science. The main philosophical puzzle regarding toy models is that it is an unsettled question what the epistemic goal of toy modeling is. One promising proposal for answering this question is the claim that the epistemic goal of toy models is to provide individual scientists with understanding. The aim of this paper is to (...)
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  5. added 2016-07-28
    Andrew Jameton (forthcoming). Time Frames for Saving the Planet. Ethics, Policy and Environment:1-5.
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  6. added 2016-07-28
    Madeline Muntersbjorn (forthcoming). Mathematical Knowledge and the Interplay of Practices. History and Philosophy of Logic:1-4.
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  7. added 2016-07-28
    Elena Ficara (2015). Treatise on Consequences. History and Philosophy of Logic 37 (4):393-396.
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  8. added 2016-07-27
    Alfonso Leon Guillen Gomez, Gravity is a Force.
    The General Relativity understands gravity like inertial movement of the free fall of the bodies in curved spacetime of Lorentz. The law of inertia of Newton would be particular case of the inertial movement of the bodies in the spacetime flat of Euclid. But, in the step, of the particular to the general, breaks the law of inertia of Galilei since recovers the rectilinear uniform movement but not the repose state, unless the bodies have undergone their union, although, the curved (...)
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  9. added 2016-07-27
    Arnon Levy (forthcoming). Causal Order and Kinds of Robustness. In Snait Gissis, Ehud Lamm & Ayelet Shavit (eds.), Landscapes of Collectivity. MIT Press
    This paper derives from a broader project dealing with the notion of causal order. I use this term to signify two kinds of parts-whole dependence: Orderly systems have rich, decomposable, internal structure; specifically, parts play differential roles, and interactions are primarily local. Disorderly systems, in contrast, have a homogeneous internal structure, such that differences among parts and organizational features are less important. Orderliness, I suggest, marks one key difference between individuals and collectives. My focus here will be the connection between (...)
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  10. added 2016-07-27
    Jonny Lee (forthcoming). The Innocent Eye: Why Vision is Not a Cognitive Process. Philosophical Psychology:1-3.
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  11. added 2016-07-27
    Hutan Ashrafian (forthcoming). Can Artificial Intelligences Suffer From Mental Illness? A Philosophical Matter to Consider. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-10.
    The potential for artificial intelligences and robotics in achieving the capacity of consciousness, sentience and rationality offers the prospect that these agents have minds. If so, then there may be a potential for these minds to become dysfunctional, or for artificial intelligences and robots to suffer from mental illness. The existence of artificially intelligent psychopathology can be interpreted through the philosophical perspectives of mental illness. This offers new insights into what it means to have either robot or human mental disorders, (...)
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  12. added 2016-07-27
    Ole Thomassen Hjortland (forthcoming). Anti-Exceptionalism About Logic. Philosophical Studies:1-28.
    Logic isn’t special. Its theories are continuous with science; its method continuous with scientific method. Logic isn’t a priori, nor are its truths analytic truths. Logical theories are revisable, and if they are revised, they are revised on the same grounds as scientific theories. These are the tenets of anti-exceptionalism about logic. The position is most famously defended by Quine, but has more recent advocates in Maddy, Priest, Russell, and Williamson. Although these authors agree on many methodological issues about logic, (...)
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  13. added 2016-07-27
    Zhong-Lin Lu, Zhicheng Lin & Barbara Anne Dosher (2016). Translating Perceptual Learning From the Laboratory to Applications. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (8):561-563.
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  14. added 2016-07-27
    Freek van Ede & Eric Maris (2016). Physiological Plausibility Can Increase Reproducibility in Cognitive Neuroscience. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (8):567-569.
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  15. added 2016-07-27
    Julian Jara-Ettinger, Hyowon Gweon, Laura E. Schulz & Joshua B. Tenenbaum (2016). The Naïve Utility Calculus: Computational Principles Underlying Commonsense Psychology. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (8):589-604.
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  16. added 2016-07-27
    Leanne ten Brinke, Kathleen D. Vohs & Dana R. Carney (2016). Can Ordinary People Detect Deception After All? Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (8):579-588.
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  17. added 2016-07-27
    Tony Cheng (2016). Why Animals Are Persons. Animal Sentience 1 (10):5-6.
    Rowlands’s case for attributing personhood to lower animals is ultimately convincing, but along the way he fails to highlight several distinctions that are crucial for his argument: Personhood vs. personal identity; the first person vs. its mental episodes; and pre- reflective awareness in general vs. one specific case of it.
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  18. added 2016-07-27
    Shinji Nishimoto & Satoshi Nishida (2016). Lining Up Brains Via a Common Representational Space. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (8):565-567.
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  19. added 2016-07-27
    Matthias Mittner, Guy E. Hawkins, Wouter Boekel & Birte U. Forstmann (2016). A Neural Model of Mind Wandering. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (8):570-578.
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  20. added 2016-07-27
    Francisco Javier Lopez Frias & José Luis Pérez Triviño (2016). Will Robots Ever Play Sports? Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 10 (1):67-82.
    This paper addresses the possibility of robots engaging in sports. Recently, several movies like Ex-Machina, Chappi, and Transcendence challenge the spectator to think of the consequences of creating artificial intelligences. Although we refer to athletes who have outstanding sporting performances as machines, for example, in cycling people say ‘the cyclist looked like a machine with wheels,’ the potential participation of such AI in sport has not been addressed. For our argument’s sake, we will assume that the creation of human-like robots (...)
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  21. added 2016-07-27
    Luca Rinaldi & Luisa Girelli (2016). A Place for Zero in the Brain. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (8):563-564.
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  22. added 2016-07-27
    Samy S. Abu Naser & Mariam W. Alawar (2016). An Expert System for Feeding Problems in Infants and Children. International Journal of Medicine Research 1 (2):79-82.
    A lot of infants have significant food-related problems, as well as spitting up, rejecting new foods, or not accepting to eat at specific times. These issues are frequently ordinary and are not a sign that the baby is unwell. According to the National Institutes of Health, 25% of generally developing infants and 35% of babies with neurodevelopmental disabilities are tormented by some sort of feeding problem. Some, for example rejecting to eat specific foods or being overly finicky, are momentary and (...)
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  23. added 2016-07-27
    Paul Seli, Evan F. Risko, Daniel Smilek & Daniel L. Schacter (2016). Mind-Wandering With and Without Intention. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (8):605-617.
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  24. added 2016-07-27
    Keith Oatley (2016). Fiction: Simulation of Social Worlds. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (8):618-628.
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  25. added 2016-07-27
    Alison Wylie (2014). Community-Based Collaborative Archaeology. In Nancy Cartwright & Eleonora Montuschi (eds.), Philosophy of Social Science: A New Introduction. 68-82.
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  26. added 2016-07-27
    Alison Wylie (2012). ’Do Not Do Unto Others…’: Cultural Misrecognition and the Harms of Appropriation in an Open Source World. In Geoffrey Scarre & Robin Coningham (eds.), Appropriating the Past: Philosophical Perspectives on the Practice of Archaeology. Cambridge University Press 195-221.
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  27. added 2016-07-27
    Alison Wylie (2008). The Integrity of Narratives: Epistemic Constraints on Multivocality. In Junko Habu, Clare Fawcett & John Matsunaga (eds.), Evaluating Multiple Narratives: Beyond Nationality, Colonialist, Imperialist Archaeologies. Springer 201-212.
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  28. added 2016-07-27
    Alison Wylie (2007). Philosophy of Archaeology; Philosophy in Archaeology. In Stephen Turner & Mark Risjord (eds.), The Philosophy of Anthropology and Sociology. Elsevier 517-549.
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  29. added 2016-07-27
    Alison Wylie (2007). The Feminist Question in Science: What Does It Mean to 'Do Social Science as a Feminist"? In Sharlene Hesse-Biber (ed.), Handbook of Feminist Research. Sage 567-578.
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  30. added 2016-07-27
    Alison Wylie (2006). Moderate Relativism/Political Objectivism. In Ronald F. Williamson & Michael S. Bisson (eds.), The Archaeology of Bruce Trigger: Theoretical Empiricism. McGill-Queens University Press 25-35.
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  31. added 2016-07-27
    Alison Wylie (1982). Epistemological Issues Raised by a Structuralist Archaeology. In Ian Hodder (ed.), Symbolic and Structural Archaeology. Cambridge University Press 39-46.
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  32. added 2016-07-26
    Jaakko Kuorikoski & Caterina Marchionni (forthcoming). Triangulation Across the Lab, the Scanner and the Field: The Case of Social Preferences. European Journal for Philosophy of Science:1-16.
    This paper deals with the evidential value of neuroeconomic experiments for the triangulation of economically relevant phenomena. We examine the case of social preferences, which involves bringing together evidence from behavioural experiments, neuroeconomic experiments, and observational studies from other social sciences. We present an account of triangulation and identify the conditions under which neuroeconomic evidence is diverse in the way required for successful triangulation. We also show that the successful triangulation of phenomena does not necessarily afford additional confirmation to general (...)
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  33. added 2016-07-26
    Erick Ramirez (forthcoming). Neurosurgery for Psychopaths? The Problems of Empathy and Neurodiversity. American Journal of Bioethics: Ajob.
    I argue that deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a bad approach for incarcerated psychopaths for two reasons. First, given what we know about psychopathy, empathy, and DBS, it is unlikely to function as an effective treatment for the moral problems that characterize psychopathy. Second, considerations of neurodiversity speak against seeing psychopathy as a mental illness in the first place.
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  34. added 2016-07-26
    Nicholas Maxwell (forthcoming). In Praise of Natural Philosophy: A Revolution for Thought and Life. McGill-Queen's University Press.
    Nicholas Maxwell, 2017, In Praise of Natural Philosophy: A Revolution for Thought and Life, McGill-Queen's University Press: Montreal, Canada. The central thesis of this book is that we need to reform philosophy and join it to science to recreate a modern version of natural philosophy; we need to do this in the interests of rigour, intellectual honesty, and so that science may serve the best interests of humanity. The book seeks to redraw our intellectual landscape. It leads to a transformation (...)
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  35. added 2016-07-26
    Sven Nyholm & Stephen M. Campbell (forthcoming). When Is Deep Brain Stimulation a Medical Benefit, and What Is Required for Consent? AJOB Neuroscience.
    Hübner and White argue that we should not administer DBS to psychopathic prisoners. While we are sympathetic to their conclusion, we argue that the authors’ two central arguments for this conclusion are problematic. Their first argument appeals to an overly restrictive conception of individual medical benefit: namely, that an individual medical benefit must alleviate subjective suffering. We highlight cases that clearly constitute individual medical benefits although there is no relief of subjective suffering. The second argument depends on an overly restrictive (...)
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  36. added 2016-07-26
    Thomas M. Ward (2015). John Duns Scotus on Time and Existence: The Questions on Aristotle's ‘De Interpretatione’. History and Philosophy of Logic 37 (3):292-294.
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  37. added 2016-07-25
    Anthony Vincent Fernandez (forthcoming). Phenomenology and Dimensional Approaches to Psychiatric Research and Classification. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology.
    The classification of mental illness—enshrined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)—has historically followed a categorial model of disorder. However, in light of psychiatry’s failure to validate the DSM categories, psychiatrists have developed dimensional models for understanding and classifying disorders, such as the National Institute of Mental Health’s Research Domain Criteria initiative (RDoC). While some philosophers have recently contributed to the literature on dimensional approaches to psychiatric research and classification, no sustained engagement has yet been offered by (...)
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  38. added 2016-07-25
    Caleb Ward (2016). The Ethics of Eating as a Human Organism. In Mary C. Rawlinson & Caleb Ward (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Food Ethics. Routledge 48-58.
    Conventional ethics of how humans should eat often ignore that human life is itself a form of organic activity. Using Henri Bergson’s notions of intellect and intuition, this chapter brings a wider perspective of the human organism to the ethical question of how humans appropriate life for nutriment. The intellect’s tendency to instrumentalize living things as though they were inert seems to subtend the moral failures evident in practices such as industrial animal agriculture. Using the case study of Temple Grandin’s (...)
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  39. added 2016-07-25
    John-Michael Kuczynski (2016). Empiricism and Rationalism. Amazon Digital Services LLC.
    Empiricism is the doctrine that all knowledge has a strictly observational basis. Rationalism is the doctrine that least some knowledge has non-observational, purely conceptual basis. In the present work, empiricism is carefully considered and found to have four dire shortcomings: -/- (1) Empiricism cannot account for our knowledge of what doesn't exist, let alone what cannot exist. -/- (2) Empiricism cannot account for our knowledge of dependence-relations, given (1), coupled with the fact that 'P depends on Q' is equivalent with (...)
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  40. added 2016-07-25
    Mario Villalobos & Joe Dewhurst (2016). Cognition, Computing and Dynamic Systems. Límite. Revista Interdisciplinaria de Filosofía y Psicología 1.
    Traditionally, computational theory (CT) and dynamical systems theory (DST) have presented themselves as opposed and incompatible paradigms in cognitive science. There have been some efforts to reconcile these paradigms, mainly, by assimilating DST to CT at the expenses of its anti-representationalist commitments. In this paper, building on Piccinini’s mechanistic account of computation and the notion of functional closure, we explore an alternative conciliatory strategy. We try to assimilate CT to DST by dropping its representationalist commitments, and by inviting CT to (...)
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  41. added 2016-07-25
    Anthony Vincent Fernandez (2016). The Phenomenology of Psychopathological Embodiment: A Critique of Thomas Fuchs' Concept of Corporealization. Journal of Consciousness Studies 23 (3-4):50-75.
    In this article I offer a critical analysis and evaluation of Thomas Fuchs' concept of corporealization, as well as the Leib/Körper distinction (i.e. the distinction between the lived and corporeal body) that it is founded upon. First, I show that the foundational concepts -- Leib and Körper -- are problematically heterogeneous, each including a diverse set of phenomena requiring further delineation and clarification. Second, I consider the historical origins of this heterogeneity and ambiguity within Fuchs' work. I show that Fuchs' (...)
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  42. added 2016-07-25
    Mary C. Rawlinson & Caleb Ward (eds.) (2015). Global Food, Global Justice: Essays on Eating Under Globalization. Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
    As Brillant-Savarin remarked in 1825 in his classic text Physiologie du Goût, “Tell me what you eat, and I will tell you who you are.” Philosophers and political theorists have only recently begun to pay attention to food as a critical domain of human activity and social justice. Too often these discussions treat food as a commodity and eating as a matter of individual choice. Policies that address the global obesity crisis by focusing on individual responsibility and medical interventions ignore (...)
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  43. added 2016-07-25
    Federico Laudisa (2015). Laws Are Not Descriptions. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 29 (3):251-270.
    The view that takes laws of nature to be essentially nothing more than descriptions of facts is still rather popular. The present article, on the contrary, defends the claim that the only real motivation for defending a descriptive view of laws—the quest for ontological parsimony—entails too high a price to pay in philosophical terms. It is argued that nomic primitivism, namely the alternative option that takes laws to be primitive fundamental entities in our ontology, is decisively more appealing, since it (...)
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  44. added 2016-07-25
    Javier de la Cueva (2015). Manual del Ciberactivista. Teoría y práctica de las acciones micropolíticas. Bandaàparte Editores.
    El contenido de la obra se halla dividido en dos partes, una primera teórica y otra segunda práctica. En la primera parte se realiza una explicación analítica del ciberactivismo mientras que la segunda se centra en reflexiones sobre aspectos concretos que pudieran ser útiles para quien desee planificar alguna acción.
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  45. added 2016-07-25
    Nenad Miščević (2015). Hegel's Dialectics: Logic, Consciousness and History. European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 11 (2):21--34.
    Graham Priest has brilliantly analyzed Hegel's dialectics, as far as its logical and abstract ontological (metaphysical) structure goes, and has successfully related it to his own logically sophisticated dialethism. After briefly reminding the reader of his account, the paper turns to the other, not purely logical side of Hegel's dialectics, and points to his strategy of bringing together ontological, anthropological and historical matters together with the logical structure, in a manner quite foreign to analytic tradition. It concludes with the proposal (...)
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  46. added 2016-07-25
    Marc Lange (2007). Laws and Meta-Laws of Nature. The Harvard Review of Philosophy 15 (1):21-36.
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  47. added 2016-07-25
    Jean-Jacques Pinto (2007). La subjectivité artificielle : ébauche d'un projet de recherche. Dissertation, Aix-Marseille
    Subjectivité artificielle: -/- •pléonasme, s'il est exact que la subjectivité humaine ne peut être qu'artificielle, cf infra subjiciel© -/- •terme proposé par l'auteur de l'A.L.S.© (Jean-Jacques Pinto) pour faire pendant à celui d'Intelligence artificielle -/- Subjiciel© : terme forgé (et déposé comme marque à l'I.N.P.I. en 1984) par l'auteur de l'A.L.S. : Jacques Pinto) : -/- 1. programmesubjectif "naturel", mais il se pourrait bien que la subjectivité humaine ne puisse être qu'artificielle : il n'y a pas de "nature humaine", seulement (...)
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  48. added 2016-07-25
    John W. Carroll (1994). Laws of Nature. Cambridge University Press.
    John Carroll undertakes a careful philosophical examination of laws of nature, causation, and other related topics. He argues that laws of nature are not susceptible to the sort of philosophical treatment preferred by empiricists. Indeed he shows that empirically pure matters of fact need not even determine what the laws are. Similar, even stronger, conclusions are drawn about causation. Replacing the traditional view of laws and causation requiring some kind of foundational legitimacy, the author argues that these phenomena are inextricably (...)
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  49. added 2016-07-25
    Noel Roberts (1974). Chance and the Laws of Nature. New Blackfriars 55 (653):461-469.
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  50. added 2016-07-24
    Zofia Kostrzycka & Yutaka Miyazaki (forthcoming). Normal Modal Logics Determined by Aligned Clusters. Studia Logica:1-11.
    We consider the family of logics from NExt which are determined by linear frames with reflexive and symmetric relation of accessibility. The condition of linearity in such frames was first defined in the paper [9]. We prove that the cardinality of the logics under consideration is uncountably infinite.
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