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  1. added 2015-08-04
    Conrad Heilmann (forthcoming). A New Interpretation of the Representational Theory of Measurement. Philosophy of Science.
    On the received view, the Representational Theory of Measurement reduces measurement to the numerical representation of empirical relations. This account of measurement has been widely criticized. In this paper, I provide a new interpretation of the Representational Theory of Measurement that sidesteps these debates. I propose to view the Representational Theory of Measurement as a library of theorems that investigate the numerical representability of qualitative relations. Such theorems are useful tools for concept formation which, in turn, is one crucial aspect (...)
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  2. added 2015-08-04
    Hans J. Briegel & Thomas Müller (forthcoming). A Chance for Attributable Agency. Minds and Machines:1-19.
    Can we sensibly attribute some of the happenings in our world to the agency of some of the things around us? We do this all the time, but there are conceptual challenges purporting to show that attributable agency, and specifically one of its most important subspecies, human free agency, is incoherent. We address these challenges in a novel way: rather than merely rebutting specific arguments, we discuss a concrete model that we claim positively illustrates attributable agency in an indeterministic setting. (...)
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  3. added 2015-08-04
    Kenny Easwaran (2015). Dr. Truthlove Or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love Bayesian Probabilities. Noûs 49 (3).
  4. added 2015-08-04
    Berislav Žarnić (2002). Dynamic Semantics, Imperative Logic and Propositional Attitudes. Uppsala Universitet.
  5. added 2015-08-03
    Jonathan Fuller & Luis J. Flores (forthcoming). The Risk GP Model: The Standard Model of Prediction in Medicine. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C.
  6. added 2015-08-03
    Wayne Wu (forthcoming). Shaking Up the Mind's Ground Floor: The Cognitive Penetration of Visual Attention. Journal of Philosophy.
    In this paper, I argue that visual attention is cognitively penetrated by intention. I present a detailed account of attention and its neural basis, drawing on a recent computational model of neural modulation during attention: divisive normalization. I argue that intention shifts computations during divisive normalization. The epistemic consequences of attentional bias are discussed.
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  7. added 2015-08-03
    Alessandro Bisio, Giacomo Mauro D’Ariano, Paolo Perinotti & Alessandro Tosini (forthcoming). Free Quantum Field Theory From Quantum Cellular Automata. Foundations of Physics:1-16.
    After leading to a new axiomatic derivation of quantum theory, the new informational paradigm is entering the domain of quantum field theory, suggesting a quantum automata framework that can be regarded as an extension of quantum field theory to including an hypothetical Planck scale, and with the usual quantum field theory recovered in the relativistic limit of small wave-vectors. Being derived from simple principles, the automata theory is quantum ab-initio, and does not assume Lorentz covariance and mechanical notions. Being discrete (...)
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  8. added 2015-08-03
    Ke Ma & Bernhard Hommel (2015). The Role of Agency for Perceived Ownership in the Virtual Hand Illusion. Consciousness and Cognition 36:277-288.
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  9. added 2015-08-03
    Jana Speth, Clemens Speth & Trevor A. Harley (2015). Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation of the Motor Cortex in Waking Resting State Induces Motor Imagery. Consciousness and Cognition 36:298-305.
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  10. added 2015-08-03
    Indrit Sinanaj, Yann Cojan & Patrik Vuilleumier (2015). Inter-Individual Variability in Metacognitive Ability for Visuomotor Performance and Underlying Brain Structures. Consciousness and Cognition 36:327-337.
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  11. added 2015-08-03
    Ruth S. Ogden, David Moore, Leanne Redfern & Francis McGlone (2015). Stroke Me for Longer This Touch Feels Too Short: The Effect of Pleasant Touch on Temporal Perception. Consciousness and Cognition 36:306-313.
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  12. added 2015-08-03
    Dorthe Berntsen, David C. Rubin & Sinue Salgado (2015). The Frequency of Involuntary Autobiographical Memories and Future Thoughts in Relation to Daydreaming, Emotional Distress, and Age. Consciousness and Cognition 36:352-372.
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  13. added 2015-08-03
    Roy Salomon, Mariia Kaliuzhna, Bruno Herbelin & Olaf Blanke (2015). Balancing Awareness: Vestibular Signals Modulate Visual Consciousness in the Absence of Awareness. Consciousness and Cognition 36:289-297.
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  14. added 2015-08-03
    Nirit Soffer-Dudek, Dana Lassri, Nir Soffer-Dudek & Golan Shahar (2015). Dissociative Absorption: An Empirically Unique, Clinically Relevant, Dissociative Factor. Consciousness and Cognition 36:338-351.
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  15. added 2015-08-03
    Melita J. Giummarra, Nellie Georgiou-Karistianis, Antonio Verdejo-Garcia & Stephen J. Gibson (2015). Feeling the Burn: When It Looks Like It Hurts, and Belongs to Me, It Really Does Hurt More. Consciousness and Cognition 36:314-326.
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  16. added 2015-08-02
    Alison K. McConwell (forthcoming). MAUREEN A. O’MALLEY Philosophy of Microbiology. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axv033.
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  17. added 2015-08-02
    Claudia Pombo (forthcoming). Differentiation with Stratification: A Principle of Theoretical Physics in the Tradition of the Memory Art. Foundations of Physics:1-10.
    The art of memory started with Aristotle’s questions on memory. During its long evolution, it had important contributions from alchemists, was transformed by Ramon Llull and apparently ended with Giordano Bruno, who was considered the best known representative of this art. This tradition did not disappear, but lives in the formulations of our modern scientific theories. From its initial form as a method of keeping information via associations, it became a principle of classification and structuring of knowledge. This principle, which (...)
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  18. added 2015-08-02
    Gordon Belot (forthcoming). Curve-Fitting for Bayesians? British Journal for the Philosophy of Science.
    Bayesians often assume, suppose, or conjecture that for any reasonable explication of the notion of simplicity a prior can be designed that will enforce a preference for hypotheses simpler in just that sense. Further, it is often claimed that the Bayesian framework automatically implements Occam’s razor—that conditionalizing on data consistent with both a simple theory and a complex theory more or less inevitably favours the simpler theory. But it is shown here that there are simplicity-driven approaches to curve-fitting problems that (...)
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  19. added 2015-08-02
    Igor Douven & Sylvia Wenmackers (forthcoming). Inference to the Best Explanation Versus Bayes’s Rule in a Social Setting. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axv025.
    This article compares inference to the best explanation with Bayes’s rule in a social setting, specifically, in the context of a variant of the Hegselmann–Krause model in which agents not only update their belief states on the basis of evidence they receive directly from the world, but also take into account the belief states of their fellow agents. So far, the update rules mentioned have been studied only in an individualistic setting, and it is known that in such a setting (...)
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  20. added 2015-08-02
    Gordon Belot (forthcoming). Objectivity and Bias. Mind.
    The twin goals of this essay are: (i) to investigate a family of cases in which the goal of guaranteed convergence to the truth is beyond our reach; and (ii) to argue that each of three strands prominent in contemporary epistemological thought has undesirable consequences when confronted with the existence of such problems. Approaches that follow Reichenbach in taking guaranteed convergence to the truth to be the characteristic virtue of good methods face a vicious closure problem. Approaches on which there (...)
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  21. added 2015-08-01
    Robert Smithson (forthcoming). The Principle of Indifference and Inductive Scepticism. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axv029.
    Many theorists have proposed that we can use the principle of indifference to defeat the inductive sceptic. But any such theorist must confront the objection that different ways of applying the principle of indifference lead to incompatible probability assignments. Huemer offers the explanatory priority proviso as a strategy for overcoming this objection. With this proposal, Huemer claims that we can defend induction in a way that is not question-begging against the sceptic. But in this article, I argue that the opposite (...)
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  22. added 2015-08-01
    Patrick R. Frierson (forthcoming). Maria Montessori’s Philosophy of Experimental Psychology. Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science:000-000.
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  23. added 2015-08-01
    Mathias Frisch (forthcoming). Peter Vickersunderstanding Inconsistent Science. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axv034.
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  24. added 2015-08-01
    Damian Szmuc & Lucas Rosenblatt (2014). On Pathological Truths. Review of Symbolic Logic 7 (4):601-617.
    In Kripke’s classic paper on truth it is argued that by adding a new semantic category different from truth and falsity it is possible to have a language with its own truth predicate. A substantial problem with this approach is that it lacks the expressive resources to characterize those sentences which fall under the new category. The main goal of this paper is to offer a refinement of Kripke’s approach in which this difficulty does not arise. We tackle this characterization (...)
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  25. added 2015-07-31
    Zee R. Perry (forthcoming). Properly Extensive Quantities. Philosophy of Science 82.
    This paper introduces and motivates the notion of a "properly extensive" quantity by means of a puzzle about the reliability of certain canonical length measurements. An account of these measurements' success, I argue, requires a modally robust connection between quantitative structure and mereology which is not mediated by the dynamics and is stronger than the constraints imposed by “mere additivity”. I outline what it means to say that length is not just extensive but properly so, and then briefly sketch an (...)
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  26. added 2015-07-31
    Tom Cochrane (forthcoming). Mikko Salmela and Christian von Scheve , Collective Emotions: Perspectives From Psychology, Philosophy, and Sociology. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-7.
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  27. added 2015-07-31
    Marcello D'Agostino (forthcoming). An Informational View of Classical Logic. Theoretical Computer Science.
    We present an informational view of classical propositional logic that stems from a kind of informational semantics whereby the meaning of a logical operator is specified solely in terms of the information that is actually possessed by an agent. In this view the inferential power of logical agents is naturally bounded by their limited capability of manipulating “virtual information”, namely information that is not implicitly contained in the data. Although this informational semantics cannot be expressed by any finitely-valued matrix, it (...)
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  28. added 2015-07-31
    Annika Schlitte (forthcoming). Volker Steenblock/Hans-Ulrich Lessing : Vom Ursprung der Kultur. MIT Einem Gespräch MIT Günter Dux. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie:1-5.
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  29. added 2015-07-31
    Hannes Rakoczy, Tanya Behne, Annette Clüver, Stephanie Dallmann, Sarah Weidner & Michael Waldmann (2015). The Side-Effect Effect in Children Is Robust and Not Specific to the Moral Status of Action Effects. PLoS ONE 10:1-10.
    Adults’ intentionality judgments regarding an action are influenced by their moral evaluation of this action. This is clearly indicated in the so-called side-effect effect: when told about an action (e.g. implementing a business plan) with an intended primary effect (e.g. raise profits) and a foreseen side effect (e.g. harming/helping the environment), subjects tend to interpret the bringing about of the side effect more often as intentional when it is negative (harming the environment) than when it is positive (helping the environment). (...)
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  30. added 2015-07-31
    Elise Cardinale, Elizabeth Finger, Julia Schechter, Ilana Jurkowitz, R. J. R. Blair & Abigail Marsh (2014). The Moral Status of an Action Influences its Perceived Intentional Status in Adolescents with Psychopathic Traits. In Tania Lombrozo, Joshua Knobe & Shaun Nichols (eds.), Oxford Studies in Experimental Philosophy: Volume 1. Oxford University Press 131-151.
    Moral judgments about an action are influenced by the action’s intentionality. The reverse is also true: judgments of intentionality can be influenced by an action’s moral valence. For example, respondents judge a harmful side-effect of an intended outcome to be more intentional than a helpful side-effect. Debate continues regarding the mechanisms underlying this “side-effect effect” and the conditions under which it will persist. The research behind this chapter tested whether the side-effect effect is intact in adolescents with psychopathic traits, who (...)
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  31. added 2015-07-31
    Farzad Didehvar, Consistency Problem and “Unexpected Hanging Problem”.
  32. added 2015-07-30
    Peter J. Marshall & Andrew N. Meltzoff (forthcoming). Body Maps in the Infant Brain. Trends in Cognitive Sciences.
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  33. added 2015-07-30
    Cortland J. Dahl, Antoine Lutz & Richard J. Davidson (forthcoming). Reconstructing and Deconstructing the Self: Cognitive Mechanisms in Meditation Practice. Trends in Cognitive Sciences.
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  34. added 2015-07-30
    Corrado Matta (forthcoming). Interpretivism and Causal Explanations A Case From Educational Research. Philosophy of the Social Sciences:0048393115595961.
    This article criticizes a view about the interpretation of human action, labeled in the text as interpretivism. This view posits a sharp separation between the natural and social sciences, to the effect that the methods of the latter cannot be applied to the former. I criticize this standpoint by reconstructing a case of educational research. As I argue, the case I analyze indicates that the arguments in support of interpretivism are contradicted by what social researchers can actually achieve. I conclude (...)
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  35. added 2015-07-30
    Albert J. J. Anglberger, Nobert Gratzl & Olivier Roy (forthcoming). Obligation, Free Choice, and the Logic of Weakest Permissions. Review of Symbolic Logic:1-21.
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  36. added 2015-07-30
    Lauren McArthur Harris, Anne-Lise Halvorsen & Gerardo J. Aponte-Martínez (forthcoming). [My] Family has Gone Through That”: How High School Students Determine the Trustworthiness of Historical Documents. Journal of Social Studies Research.
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  37. added 2015-07-30
    L. M. Geerdink & C. Dutilh Novaes (forthcoming). Varieties of Logic. History and Philosophy of Logic:1-3.
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  38. added 2015-07-30
    J. W. Bull & A. Gordon (forthcoming). Schrödinger’s Microbe: Implications of Coercing a Living Organism Into a Coherent Quantum Mechanical State. Biology and Philosophy:1-12.
    Consideration of the experimental activities carried out in one discipline, through the lens of another, can lead to novel insights. Here, we comment from a biological perspective upon experiments in quantum mechanics proposed by physicists that are likely to feasible in the near future. In these experiments, an entire living organism would be knowingly placed into a coherent quantum state for the first time, i.e. would be coerced into demonstrating quantum phenomena. The implications of the proposed experiment for a biologist (...)
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  39. added 2015-07-30
    Rex Welshon (forthcoming). Reply to Lukasz Kurowski's “Ownership Unity, Neural Substrates, and Philosophical Relevance. Philosophical Psychology:1-5.
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  40. added 2015-07-30
    Katherine Nelson (forthcoming). Quantitative and Qualitative Research in Psychological Science. Biological Theory.
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  41. added 2015-07-30
    Martin Leckey, Quantum Measurement, Complexity and Discrete Physics. arXiv.
    This paper presents a new modified quantum mechanics, Critical Complexity Quantum Mechanics, which includes a new account of wavefunction collapse. This modified quantum mechanics is shown to arise naturally from a fully discrete physics, where all physical quantities are discrete rather than continuous. I compare this theory with the spontaneous collapse theories of Ghirardi, Rimini, Weber and Pearle and discuss some implications of these theories and CCQM for a realist view of the quantum realm.
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  42. added 2015-07-29
    Todd Davies, Analogy.
    This essay (my undergraduate honors thesis at Stanford, issued by the Center for the Study of Language and Information in November 1985) constructs a theory of analogy as it applies to argumentation and reasoning, especially as used in fields such as philosophy and law. The word analogy has been used in different senses, which the essay defines. The theory developed herein applies to analogia rationis, or analogical reasoning. Building on the framework of situation theory, a type of logical relation called (...)
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  43. added 2015-07-29
    Alex Worsnip (forthcoming). Belief, Credence, and the Preface Paradox. Australasian Journal of Philosophy.
    Many discussions of the “preface paradox” assume that it is more troubling for deductive constraints on rational belief if outright belief is reducible to credence. I show that this is an error: we can generate the problem without assuming such reducibility. All we need are some very weak normative assumptions about rational relationships between belief and credence. The only view that escapes my way of formulating the problem for the deductive closure constraint is in fact itself a reductive view: namely, (...)
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  44. added 2015-07-29
    Caroline T. Arruda & Daniel J. Povinelli (forthcoming). Chimps as Secret Agents. Synthese:1-30.
    We provide an account of chimpanzee-specific agency within the context of philosophy of action. We do so by showing that chimpanzees are capable of what we call reason-directed action, even though they may be incapable of more full-blown action, which we call reason-considered action. Although chimpanzee agency does not possess all the features of typical adult human agency, chimpanzee agency is evolutionarily responsive to their environment and overlaps considerably with our own. As such, it is an evolved set of capacities (...)
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  45. added 2015-07-29
    Rachael Briggs (forthcoming). Foundations of Probability. Journal of Philosophical Logic:1-16.
    The foundations of probability are viewed through the lens of the subjectivist interpretation. This article surveys conditional probability, arguments for probabilism, probability dynamics, and the evidential and subjective interpretations of probability.
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  46. added 2015-07-29
    Eric Dietrich (2015). Excellent Beauty: The Naturalness of Religion and the Unnaturalness of the World. Columbia.
    This is a book about us and our science. Science is so natural to humans that to be human is to do science. But surprisingly, our science has given us two ideas that utterly change the way we ought to see ourselves and the universe we grew up in. Stated baldly, the two ideas are evolution and mystery. I use the term “mystery” carefully. The mysteries explored here are truths which science has discovered but which we can only weakly understand. (...)
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  47. added 2015-07-29
    Todd Davies (2014). Digital Rights and Freedoms: A Framework for Surveying Users and Analyzing Policies. In Luca Maria Aiello & Daniel McFarland (eds.), Social Informatics: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference (SocInfo 2014). Springer Lecture Notes in Computer Science Vol. 8851 428-443.
    Interest has been revived in the creation of a "bill of rights" for Internet users. This paper analyzes users' rights into ten broad principles, as a basis for assessing what users regard as important and for comparing different multi-issue Internet policy proposals. Stability of the principles is demonstrated in an experimental survey, which also shows that freedoms of users to participate in the design and coding of platforms appear to be viewed as inessential relative to other rights. An analysis of (...)
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  48. added 2015-07-29
    Jerry R. Hobbs, William Croft, Todd Davies, Douglas Edwards & Kenneth Laws (1987). Commonsense Metaphysics and Lexical Semantics. Computational Linguistics 13 (3&4):241-250.
    In the TACITUS project for using commonsense knowledge in the understanding of texts about mechanical devices and their failures, we have been developing various commonsense theories that are needed to mediate between the way we talk about the behavior of such devices and causal models of their operation. Of central importance in this effort is the axiomatization of what might be called commonsense metaphysics. This includes a number of areas that figure in virtually every domain of discourse, such as granularity, (...)
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  49. added 2015-07-28
    Francesca Pongiglione & Jan Cherlet (forthcoming). The Social and Behavioral Dimensions of Climate Change: Fundamental but Disregarded? Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie:1-9.
    Research from the social and behavioral sciences shows that the drivers and impacts of climate change, as well as society’s responsiveness to it, are all profoundly governed by social and behavioral dynamics. Nevertheless, scientometric and research funding data from the United States and the European Union suggest that the social and behavioral sciences are noticeably underrepresented in mainstream climate research. We argue that a better understanding of social and behavioral dynamics, especially those that temper society’s response to the scientific evidence, (...)
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  50. added 2015-07-28
    Ingo Brigandt (forthcoming). Do We Need a ‘Theory’ of Development? Biology and Philosophy:1-15.
    Edited by Alessandro Minelli and Thomas Pradeu, Towards a Theory of Development gathers essays by biologists and philosophers, which display a diversity of theoretical perspectives. The discussions not only cover the state of art, but broaden our vision of what development includes and provide pointers for future research. Interestingly, all contributors agree that explanations should not just be gene-centered, and virtually none use design and other engineering metaphors to articulate principles of cellular and organismal organization. I comment in particular on (...)
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