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  1. added 2015-05-25
    Radin Dardashti, Karim P. Y. Thébault & Eric Winsberg (forthcoming). Confirmation Via Analogue Simulation: What Dumb Holes Could Tell Us About Gravity. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axv010.
    In this article we argue for the existence of ‘analogue simulation’ as a novel form of scientific inference with the potential to be confirmatory. This notion is distinct from the modes of analogical reasoning detailed in the literature, and draws inspiration from fluid dynamical ‘dumb hole’ analogues to gravitational black holes. For that case, which is considered in detail, we defend the claim that the phenomena of gravitational Hawking radiation could be confirmed in the case that its counterpart is detected (...)
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  2. added 2015-05-25
    Anna Alexandrova (2015). Well‐Being and Philosophy of Science. Philosophy Compass 10 (3):219-231.
    This article is a mutual introduction of the science of well-being to philosophy of science and an explanation of how the two disciplines can benefit each other. In the process, I argue that the science of well-being is not helpfully viewed as a social or a natural, but rather as a mixed, science. Hence, its methodology will have to attend to its specific features. I discuss two of its methodological problems: justifying the role of values, and validating measures. I suggest (...)
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  3. added 2015-05-25
    Robert B. Brandom (2015). From Empiricism to Expressivism. Harvard University Press.
  4. added 2015-05-25
    Hanoch Ben-Yami (2014). Voluntary Action and Neural Causation. Cognitive Neuroscience 5:217-218.
    I agree with Nachev and Hacker’s general approach. However, their criticism of claims of covert automaticity can be strengthened. I first say a few words on what voluntary action involves and on the consequent limited relevance of brain research for the determination of voluntariness. I then turn to Nachev and Hacker’s discussion of possible covert automaticity and show why the case for it is weaker than they allow.
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  5. added 2015-05-25
    Alfred Gierer & Hans Meinhardt (1972). A Theory of Biological Pattern Formation. Kybernetik, Continued as Biological Cybernetics 12 (1):30 - 39.
    The paper addresses the formation of striking patterns within originally near-homogenous tissue, the process prototypical for embryology, and represented in particularly purist form by cut sections of hydra regenerating, by internal reorganisation of the pre-existing tissue, a complete animal with head and foot. The essential requirements are autocatalytic, self-enhancing activation, combined with inhibitory or depletion effects of wider range – “lateral inhibition”. Not only de-novo-pattern formation, but also well known, striking features of developmental regulation such as induction, inhibition, and proportion (...)
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  6. added 2015-05-24
    Peter M. Todd & Henry Brighton (forthcoming). Building the Theory of Ecological Rationality. Minds and Machines:1-22.
    While theories of rationality and decision making typically adopt either a single-powertool perspective or a bag-of-tricks mentality, the research program of ecological rationality bridges these with a theoretically-driven account of when different heuristic decision mechanisms will work well. Here we described two ways to study how heuristics match their ecological setting: The bottom-up approach starts with psychologically plausible building blocks that are combined to create simple heuristics that fit specific environments. The top-down approach starts from the statistical problem facing the (...)
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  7. added 2015-05-24
    John Corcoran & Sriram Nambiar (2014). De Morgan on Euclid’s Fourth Postulate. Journal of Symbolic Logic 20:250-1.
    This paper will annoy modern logicians who follow Bertrand Russell in taking pleasure in denigrating Aristotle for [allegedly] being ignorant of relational propositions. To be sure this paper does not clear Aristotle of the charge. On the contrary, it shows that such ignorance, which seems unforgivable in the current century, still dominated the thinking of one of the greatest modern logicians as late as 1831. Today it is difficult to accept the proposition that Aristotle was blind to the fact that, (...)
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  8. added 2015-05-24
    Michael Ruse (2006). Discussion. Biological Theory 1 (4):402-403.
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  9. added 2015-05-24
    Gerd Müller, Manfred Laubichler, Peter Hammerstein, Linnda Caporael & Werner Callebaut (2006). D-618. Biological Theory 1 (4):331-332.
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  10. added 2015-05-23
    Rachael L. Brown (forthcoming). Why Development Matters. Biology and Philosophy:1-11.
    Günter Wagner’s Homology, Genes, and Evolutionary Innovation is a compelling, and empirically well-supported account of the evolution of character identity and character origination which emphasizes the importance of homology and novelty as central explananda for 21st century evolutionary biology . In this essay review, I focus on the similarities and differences between the structuralist picture of evolutionary biology advocated by Wagner, and that presented by standard evolutionary theory. First, I outline the ways in which Wagner’s genetic theory of homology diverges (...)
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  11. added 2015-05-23
    Colbey Celahan (2015). Drug Rehabilitation Centers. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation. Special Issue 1.
    If you are suffering from drug and alcohol addiction, you may need to find an inpatient drug rehab center.Drug Rehabilitation centers centers can give you the intensive therapy and tools you need to defeat alcohol and drug addiction.
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  12. added 2015-05-23
    Gilbert Plumer (2013). Commentary On: Chiara Pollaroli's "T(R)Opical Patterns in Advertising". In D. Mohammed M. Lewiński (ed.), Virtues of Argumentation. Proceedings of the 10th International Conference of the Ontario Society for the Study of Argumentation [CD-ROM]. Centre for Research in Reasoning, Argumentation and Rhetoric, and the University of Windsor. 1-5.
  13. added 2015-05-23
    John Corcoran (2006). George Boole. In Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 2nd edition. macmillan.
    2006. George Boole. Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 2nd edition. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA. -/- George Boole (1815-1864), whose name lives among modern computer-related sciences in Boolean Algebra, Boolean Logic, Boolean Operations, and the like, is one of the most celebrated logicians of all time. Ironically, his actual writings often go unread and his actual contributions to logic are virtually unknown—despite the fact that he was one of the clearest writers in the field. Working with various students including Susan Wood and Sriram (...)
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  14. added 2015-05-23
    Gilbert E. Plumer (2000). A Review of the LSAT Using Literature on Legal Reasoning. Law School Admission Council Computerized Testing Report 97 (8):1-19.
    Research using current literature on legal reasoning was conducted with the goals of (a) determining what skills are most important in good legal reasoning according to such literature, (b) determining the extent to which existing Law School Admission Test item types and subtypes are designed to assess those skills, and (c) suggesting test specifications or new or refined item types and formats that could be developed in the future to assess any important skills that appear [by (a) and (b)] to (...)
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  15. added 2015-05-23
    John Corcoran (1987). Three Rules of Distribution: One Counterexample. Journal of Symbolic Logic 52:886-887.
    This self-contained one page paper produces one valid two-premise premise-conclusion argument that is a counterexample to the entire three traditional rules of distribution. These three rules were previously thought to be generally applicable criteria for invalidity of premise-conclusion arguments. No longer can a three-term argument be dismissed as invalid simply on the ground that its middle is undistributed, for example. The following question seems never to have been raised: how does having an undistributed middle show that an argument's conclusion does (...)
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  16. added 2015-05-22
    Danny Frederick, Critical Comments on Matthew McCaffrey’s ‘Economic Policy and Entrepreneurship: Alertness or Judgment?’ in The Next Generation of Austrian Economics: Essays in Honor of Joseph T. Salerno, Ed. Per Bylund and David Howden, Pp. 183-99.
    I criticise, from a critical rationalist perspective, Israel Kirzner's notion of entrepreneurial alertness and Matthew McCaffrey's endorsement of Joseph Salerno's rival account of entrepreneurial judgment.
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  17. added 2015-05-22
    A. Teicher (forthcoming). Racial Zigzags: Visualizing Racial Deviancy in German Physical Anthropology During the 20th Century. History of the Human Sciences.
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  18. added 2015-05-22
    Sharon Todd (forthcoming). Education Incarnate. Educational Philosophy and Theory:1-13.
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  19. added 2015-05-22
    David R. Cole (forthcoming). Educational Non-Philosophy. Educational Philosophy and Theory:1-14.
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  20. added 2015-05-22
    Heather Burnett (forthcoming). Comparison Across Domains in Delineation Semantics. Journal of Logic, Language and Information:1-33.
    This paper presents a new logical analysis of quantity comparatives within the Delineation Semantics approach to gradability and comparison among many others. Along with the Degree Semantics framework Delineation Semantics is one of the dominant logical frameworks for analyzing the meaning of gradable constituents of the adjectival syntactic category; however, there has been very little work done investigating the application of this framework to the analysis of gradability outside the adjectival domain. This state of affairs distinguishes the Delineation Semantics framework (...)
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  21. added 2015-05-22
    N. Langlitz (forthcoming). On a Not so Chance Encounter of Neurophilosophy and Science Studies in a Sleep Laboratory. History of the Human Sciences.
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  22. added 2015-05-22
    Jan Baedke (forthcoming). Georg Toepfer: Historisches Wörterbuch der Biologie. Geschichte und Theorie der Biologischen Grundbegriffe. Journal for General Philosophy of Science:1-3.
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  23. added 2015-05-22
    A. S. Sanz (forthcoming). Investigating Puzzling Aspects of the Quantum Theory by Means of Its Hydrodynamic Formulation. Foundations of Physics:1-13.
    Bohmian mechanics, a hydrodynamic formulation of the quantum theory, constitutes a useful tool to understand the role of the phase as the mechanism responsible for the dynamical evolution displayed by quantum systems. This role is analyzed and discussed here in the context of quantum interference, considering to this end two well-known scenarios, namely Young’s two-slit experiment and Wheeler’s delayed choice experiment. A numerical implementation of the first scenario is used to show how interference in a coherent superposition of two counter-propagating (...)
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  24. added 2015-05-22
    Massimiliano Carrara & Enrico Martino (forthcoming). The Mereological Foundation of Megethology. Journal of Philosophical Logic:1-9.
    In Mathematics is megethology . Philosophia Mathematica, 1, 3–23) David K. Lewis proposes a structuralist reconstruction of classical set theory based on mereology. In order to formulate suitable hypotheses about the size of the universe of individuals without the help of set-theoretical notions, he uses the device of Boolos’ plural quantification for treating second order logic without commitment to set-theoretical entities. In this paper we show how, assuming the existence of a pairing function on atoms, as the unique assumption non (...)
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  25. added 2015-05-22
    Nai-Cheng Kuo (2015). Understanding the Philosophical Foundations of Disabilities to Maximize the Potential of Response to Intervention. Educational Philosophy and Theory 47 (7):647-660.
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  26. added 2015-05-22
    Eugen Zeleňák (2015). 5. Two Versions of a Constructivist View of Historical Work. History and Theory 54 (2):209-225.
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  27. added 2015-05-22
    Zoltán Boldizsár Simon & Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen (2015). 1. Introduction: Assessing Narrativism. History and Theory 54 (2):153-161.
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  28. added 2015-05-22
    Sardar M. Anwaruddin (2015). Pedagogy of Ignorance. Educational Philosophy and Theory 47 (7):734-746.
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  29. added 2015-05-22
    Isaac Ariail Reed (2015). Can There Be a Bourdieusian Theory of Crisis? On Historical Change and Social Theory. History and Theory 54 (2):269-276.
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  30. added 2015-05-22
    Peter Fenves (2015). From Nietzsche's Philosophy of History to Kant's-and Back. History and Theory 54 (2):277-286.
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  31. added 2015-05-22
    Zoltán Boldizsár Simon (2015). 3. The Expression of Historical Experience. History and Theory 54 (2):178-194.
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  32. added 2015-05-22
    Gil Hersch (2015). Experimental Economics' Inconsistent Ban on Deception. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 52:13-19.
    According to what I call the ‘argument from public bads’, if a researcher deceived subjects in the past, there is a chance that subjects will discount the information that a subsequent researcher provides, thus compromising the validity of the subsequent researcher’s experiment. While this argument is taken to justify an existing informal ban on explicit deception in experimental economics, it can also apply to implicit deception, yet implicit deception is not banned and is sometimes used in experimental economics. Thus, experimental (...)
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  33. added 2015-05-22
    Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen (2015). 6. Why We Need to Move From Truth-Functionality to Performativity in Historiography. History and Theory 54 (2):226-243.
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  34. added 2015-05-22
    David D. Roberts (2015). Assessing the Italian Contribution to Historiography and Political Thought. History and Theory 54 (2):287-305.
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  35. added 2015-05-22
    Jaume Aurell (2015). Making History by Contextualizing Oneself: Autobiography as Historiographical Intervention. History and Theory 54 (2):244-268.
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  36. added 2015-05-22
    Mordechai Gordon (2015). On the Dangers of Antiquarian Investigations: Nietzsche, the Excesses of History, and the Power of Forgetting. Educational Philosophy and Theory 47 (7):704-714.
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  37. added 2015-05-22
    Martin Nosál (2015). 4. The Gadamerian Approach to the Relation Between Experience and Language. History and Theory 54 (2):195-208.
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  38. added 2015-05-22
    Rosa Hong Chen (2015). Pedagogy Without Pedagogy: Dancing with Living, Knowing and Morale. Educational Philosophy and Theory 47 (7):688-703.
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  39. added 2015-05-22
    Donato Bergandi & Patrick Blandin (2012). From the Protection of Nature to Sustainable Development: The Genesis of an Ethical and Political Oxymoron (Engl. Trans. De la Protection de la Nature au Développement Durable : Genèse D’Un Oxymore Éthique Et Politique). Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 65 (1):103-142 (French paper).
    Sustainable development is rooted in the history of two divergent movements – for the preservation of nature, and for the conservation of natural resources – and of their relationship with the natural sciences. Ecology has played a central role in this history. As a societal paradigm that is at once ecological, political, and economic, sustainable development is supposed to embody ideal policy for all societies, and to overcome the opposition between these two diverging views of man‑nature relationships. An analysis of (...)
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  40. added 2015-05-22
    John Corcoran (2009). Sentence, Proposition, Judgment, Statement, and Fact: Speaking About the Written English Used in Logic. In W. A. Carnielli (ed.), The Many Sides of Logic. College Publications. 71-103.
    The five English words—sentence, proposition, judgment, statement, and fact—are central to coherent discussion in logic. However, each is ambiguous in that logicians use each with multiple normal meanings. Several of their meanings are vague in the sense of admitting borderline cases. In the course of displaying and describing the phenomena discussed using these words, this paper juxtaposes, distinguishes, and analyzes several senses of these and related words, focusing on a constellation of recommended senses. One of the purposes of this paper (...)
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  41. added 2015-05-21
    Juan Carlos Garcia-Escartin & Pedro Chamorro-Posada (forthcoming). Secure Communication in the Twin Paradox. Foundations of Physics:1-21.
    The amount of information that can be transmitted through a noisy channel is affected by relativistic effects. Under the presence of a fixed noise at the receiver, there appears an asymmetry between “slowly aging” and “fast aging” observers which can be used to have private information transmission. We discuss some models for users inside gravitational wells and in the twin paradox scenario.
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  42. added 2015-05-21
    R. M. Angelo & A. D. Ribeiro (forthcoming). Wave–Particle Duality: An Information-Based Approach. Foundations of Physics:1-14.
    Recently, Bohr’s complementarity principle was assessed in setups involving delayed choices. These works argued in favor of a reformulation of the aforementioned principle so as to account for situations in which a quantum system would simultaneously behave as wave and particle. Here we defend a framework that, supported by well-known experimental results and consistent with the decoherence paradigm, allows us to interpret complementarity in terms of correlations between the system and an informer. Our proposal offers formal definition and operational interpretation (...)
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  43. added 2015-05-21
    Kobi Kremnizer & André Ranchin (forthcoming). Integrated Information-Induced Quantum Collapse. Foundations of Physics:1-11.
    We present a novel spontaneous collapse model where size is no longer the property of a physical system which determines its rate of collapse. Instead, we argue that the rate of spontaneous localization should depend on a system’s quantum Integrated Information , a novel physical property which describes a system’s capacity to act like a quantum observer. We introduce quantum Integrated Information, present our QII collapse model and briefly explain how it may be experimentally tested against quantum theory.
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  44. added 2015-05-21
    Jarosław Pykacz, L’Ubica Valášková & Ol’ga Nánásiová (forthcoming). Bell-Type Inequalities for Bivariate Maps on Orthomodular Lattices. Foundations of Physics:1-14.
    Bell-type inequalities on orthomodular lattices, in which conjunctions of propositions are not modeled by meets but by maps for simultaneous measurements -maps), are studied. It is shown, that the most simple of these inequalities, that involves only two propositions, is always satisfied, contrary to what happens in the case of traditional version of this inequality in which conjunctions of propositions are modeled by meets. Equivalence of various Bell-type inequalities formulated with the aid of bivariate maps on orthomodular lattices is studied. (...)
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  45. added 2015-05-21
    Enrico Santamato & Francesco De Martini (forthcoming). Proof of the Spin–Statistics Theorem. Foundations of Physics:1-16.
    The traditional standard quantum mechanics theory is unable to solve the spin–statistics problem, i.e. to justify the utterly important “Pauli Exclusion Principle”. A complete and straightforward solution of the spin–statistics problem is presented on the basis of the “conformal quantum geometrodynamics” theory. This theory provides a Weyl-gauge invariant formulation of the standard quantum mechanics and reproduces successfully all relevant quantum processes including the formulation of Dirac’s or Schrödinger’s equation, of Heisenberg’s uncertainty relations and of the nonlocal EPR correlations. When the (...)
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  46. added 2015-05-21
    Prem Kumar Singh & Abdullah Gani (forthcoming). Fuzzy Concept Lattice Reduction Using Shannon Entropy and Huffman Coding. Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics:1-19.
    In the last decade, formal concept analysis in a fuzzy setting has received more attention for knowledge processing tasks in various fields. The hierarchical order visualisation of generated formal concepts is a major concern for the practical application of FCA. In this process, a major issue is the huge number of formal concepts generated from ‘a large context’, and another problem is their ‘storage’ complexity. To deal with these issues a method is proposed in this paper based on Shannon entropy (...)
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  47. added 2015-05-21
    Marco Buzzoni (forthcoming). Causality, Teleology, and Thought Experiments in Biology. Journal for General Philosophy of Science:1-21.
    Thought experiments de facto play many different roles in biology: economical, ethical, technical and so forth. This paper, however, is interested in whether there are any distinctive features of biological TEs as such. The question may be settled in the affirmative because TEs in biology have a function that is intimately connected with the epistemological and methodological status of biology. Peculiar to TEs in biology is the fact that the reflexive, typically human concept of finality may be profitably employed to (...)
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  48. added 2015-05-21
    Marco Zaopo (forthcoming). Information Theoretic Characterization of Physical Theories with Projective State Space. Foundations of Physics:1-16.
    Probabilistic theories are a natural framework to investigate the foundations of quantum theory and possible alternative or deeper theories. In a generic probabilistic theory, states of a physical system are represented as vectors of outcomes probabilities and state spaces are convex cones. In this picture the physics of a given theory is related to the geometric shape of the cone of states. In quantum theory, for instance, the shape of the cone of states corresponds to a projective space over complex (...)
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  49. added 2015-05-21
    Mar Rosàs Tosas (forthcoming). Educational Leadership Reconsidered: Arendt, Agamben, and Bauman. Studies in Philosophy and Education:1-17.
    In this paper we claim educational leadership as an autonomous discipline whose goals and strategies should not mirror those typical of business and political leadership. In order to define the aims proper to educational leadership we question three common assumptions of what it is supposed to carry out. First, we turn to Hannah Arendt and her contemporary critics to maintain that education aims at opening up exceptions within the normal course of events rather than simply preserving it. This way, education (...)
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  50. added 2015-05-21
    José Antonio López Cerezo (forthcoming). Social Objectivity Under Scrutiny in the Pasteur–Pouchet Debate. Journal for General Philosophy of Science:1-18.
    Under the influence of naturalistic approaches, contemporary philosophy of science tends to characterize scientific objectivity not by virtue of the individualistic following of rules or satisfying epistemic utilities, but as a property arising from the organisational features of groups. This paper presents a critical review of one such proposal, that of Helen Longino, probing some of its main features against the debate between Pasteur and Pouchet in mid-nineteenth-century France regarding the spontaneous generation of life. After considering some weaknesses and strengths, (...)
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