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  1. added 2014-07-07
    Peter Langland-Hassan (forthcoming). Unwitting Self-Awareness? Philosophy and Phenomenological Research.
  2. added 2014-07-06
    Assaf Weksler, Visual Perspective: A Philosophical Challenge to Vision Science.
    According to an influential philosophical view I call “the relational properties view” (RPV), “2D” properties, such as the elliptical appearance of a tilted coin, are relational properties of external objects. Vision scientists typically hold that 2D properties are properties of patterns of light striking the retina (or of regions in the retina). Call this view RET. RET conflicts with RPV. The present paper has two objectives. The first is to argue that there is no genuine conflict between vision science and (...)
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  3. added 2014-07-03
    Yann Benétreau-Dupin (forthcoming). Blurring Out Cosmic Puzzles. Philosophy of Science.
    The Doomsday argument and anthropic arguments are illustrations of a paradox. In both cases, a lack of knowledge apparently yields surprising conclusions. Since they are formulated within a Bayesian framework, the paradox constitutes a challenge to Bayesianism. Several attempts, some successful, have been made to avoid these conclusions, but some versions of the paradox cannot be dissolved within the framework of orthodox Bayesianism. I show that adopting an imprecise framework of probabilistic reasoning allows for a more adequate representation of ignorance (...)
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  4. added 2014-07-03
    Ilho Park (forthcoming). Confirmation Measures and Collaborative Belief Updating. Synthese.
    There are some candidates that have been thought to measure the degree to which evidence incrementally confirms a hypothesis. This paper provides an argument for one candidate—the log-likelihood ratio measure. For this purpose, I will suggest a plausible requirement that I call the Requirement of Collaboration. And then, it will be shown that, of various candidates, only the log-likelihood ratio measure l satisfies this requirement. Using this result, Jeffrey conditionalization will be reformulated so as to disclose explicitly what determines new (...)
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  5. added 2014-07-02
    Fabian Lausen (forthcoming). Reductionism as a Research Directive. Journal for General Philosophy of Science:1-17.
    In this paper, I explore the possibilities for arriving at a useful conception of methodological reductionism. Some participants in the debate talk about methodological reductionism as a research program. I argue that the concept of a research program, at least in Lakatos’ sense, cannot account for the diverse nature of methodological reductionism. I then present my own concept of a research directive as a useful alternative and elaborate on this by drawing on Hasok Chang’s theory of ontological principles and epistemic (...)
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  6. added 2014-07-02
    Chrisoula Andreou (2007). There Are Preferences and Then There Are Preferences. In Barbara Montero and Mark D. White (ed.), Economics and the Mind.
  7. added 2014-07-01
    Ehud Lamm & Ohad Kammar (forthcoming). Inferring Co-Evolution. Philosophy of Science.
    We discuss two inference patterns for inferring the coevolution of two characters based on their properties at a single point in time and determine when developmental interactions can be used to deduce evolutionary order. We discuss the use of the inference patterns we present in the biological literature and assess the arguments’ validity, the degree of support they give to the evolutionary conclusion, how they can be corroborated with empirical evidence, and to what extent they suggest new empirically addressable questions. (...)
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  8. added 2014-07-01
    John Sutton (2014). The Collaborative Emergence of Group Cognition: Commentary on Paul E. Smaldino, “The Cultural Evolution of Emergent Group-Level Traits”. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (3):277-78.
    We extend Smaldino’s approach to collaboration and social organization in cultural evolution to include cognition. By showing how recent work on emergent group-level cognition can be incorporated within Smaldino’s framework, we extend that framework’s scope to encompass collaborative memory, decision-making, and intelligent action. We argue that beneficial effects arise only in certain forms of cognitive interdependence, in surprisingly fragile conditions.
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  9. added 2014-07-01
    Luciano Boi (2012). Fondamenti geometrici e problemi filosofici dello spazio-tempo. Isonomía:1-37.
    The answer to some of the longstanding issues in the 20th century theoretical physics, such as those of the incompatibility between general relativity and quantum mechanics, the broken symmetries of the electroweak force acting at the subatomic scale and the missing mass of Higgs particle, and also those of the cosmic singularity and the black matter and energy, appear to be closely related to the problem of the quantum texture of space-time and the fluctuations of its underlying geometry. Each region (...)
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  10. added 2014-06-30
    Nicholas Shea (forthcoming). Neural Signalling of Probabilistic Vectors. Philosophy of Science.
    Recent work combining cognitive neuroscience with computational modelling suggests that distributed patterns of neural firing may represent probability distributions. This paper asks: what makes it the case that distributed patterns of firing, as well as carrying information about (correlating with) probability distributions over worldly parameters, represent such distributions? In examples of probabilistic population coding, it is the way information is used in downstream processing so as to lead to successful behaviour. In these cases content depends on factors beyond bare information, (...)
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  11. added 2014-06-30
    Nicholas Shea (forthcoming). Representational Development Need Not Be Explicable-by-Content. In Vincent C. Mueller (ed.), Fundamental Issues of Artificial Intelligence. Springer: Sythese Library.
    Fodor’s radical concept nativism flowed from his view that hypothesis testing is the only route to concept acquisition. Many have successfully objected to the overly-narrow restriction to learning by hypothesis testing. Existing representations can be connected to a new representational vehicle so as to constitute a sustaining mechanism for a new representation, without the new representation thereby being constituted by or structured out of the old. This paper argues that there is also a deeper objection. Connectionism shows that a more (...)
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  12. added 2014-06-30
    Nicholas Shea (forthcoming). Exploitable Isomorphism and Structural Representation. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 64 (2).
    An interesting feature of some sets of representations is that their structure mirrors the structure of the items they represent. Founding an account of representational content on isomorphism, homomorphism or structural resemblance has proven elusive, however, largely because these relations are too liberal when the candidate structure over representational vehicles is unconstrained. Furthermore, in many cases where there is a clear isomorphism, it is not relied on in the way the representations are used. That points to a potential resolution: that (...)
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  13. added 2014-06-30
    Ben Alderson-Day, Simon McCarthy-Jones, Sarah Bedford, Hannah Collins, Holly Dunne, Chloe Rooke & Charles Fernyhough (2014). Shot Through with Voices: Dissociation Mediates the Relationship Between Varieties of Inner Speech and Auditory Hallucination Proneness. Consciousness and Cognition 27:288-296.
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  14. added 2014-06-28
    Nathanael Leedom Ackerman (forthcoming). On Transferring Model Theoretic Theorems of $${\Mathcal{L}_{{\Infty},\Omega}}$$ L ∞ , Ω in the Category of Sets to a Fixed Grothendieck Topos. Logica Universalis:1-47.
    Working in a fixed Grothendieck topos Sh(C, J C ) we generalize \({\mathcal{L}_{{\infty},\omega}}\) to allow our languages and formulas to make explicit reference to Sh(C, J C ). We likewise generalize the notion of model. We then show how to encode these generalized structures by models of a related sentence of \({\mathcal{L}_{{\infty},\omega}}\) in the category of sets and functions. Using this encoding we prove analogs of several results concerning \({\mathcal{L}_{{\infty},\omega}}\) , such as the downward Löwenheim–Skolem theorem, the completeness theorem and (...)
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  15. added 2014-06-28
    Gábor Holló (forthcoming). Animals Are Both Radially and Bilaterally Symmetrical: Accommodating Seemingly Mutually Exclusive Paradigms. Bioessays:n/a-n/a.
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  16. added 2014-06-28
    Andrzej Indrzejczak (forthcoming). Introduction. Studia Logica:1-4.
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  17. added 2014-06-28
    Gokul Somasekharan (forthcoming). Bernhard Irrgang: Critics of Technological Lifeworld, Collection of Philosophical Essays. AI and Society.
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  18. added 2014-06-28
    Hub Zwart (forthcoming). What Is Nature? In Advance. Teaching Philosophy.
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  19. added 2014-06-28
    Matthew T. Nowachek (forthcoming). Kierkegaard as Pedagogue in Advance. Teaching Philosophy.
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  20. added 2014-06-28
    Kourken Michaelian (forthcoming). Stanley B. Klein: The Two Selves—Their Metaphysical Commitments and Functional Independence. Minds and Machines:1-4.
    The main claim of this relatively brief but unusually ambitious book is, as the title suggests, that the self is not one but two. On the one hand, there is the epistemological self, which has a definite neurocognitive basis. On the other hand, there is the ontological self, which, in Klein’s view, is a matter of first-person subjectivity and may lack a material basis, in which case it may, in contrast to the epistemological self, not be amenable to investigation by (...)
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  21. added 2014-06-28
    Eugenia I. Gorlin & Bethany A. Teachman (forthcoming). Inhibitory Control as a Moderator of Threat-Related Interference Biases in Social Anxiety. Cognition and Emotion:1-13.
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  22. added 2014-06-28
    Benjamin A. Rider (forthcoming). Socratic Philosophy for Beginners? In Advance. Teaching Philosophy.
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  23. added 2014-06-28
    James DiGiovanna (forthcoming). Knowledge, Understanding, and Pedagogy in Advance. Teaching Philosophy.
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  24. added 2014-06-28
    Jonathan Ginzburg & Robin Cooper (forthcoming). Quotation Via Dialogical Interaction. Journal of Logic, Language and Information:1-25.
    Quotation has been much studied in philosophy. Given that quotation allows one to diagonalize out of any grammar, there have been comparatively few attempts within the linguistic literature to develop an account within a formal linguistic theory. Nonetheless, given the ubiquity of quotation in natural language, linguists need to explicate the formal mechanisms it employs. The central claim of this paper is that once one assumes a dialogical perspective on language such as provided by the KoS (KoS is not an (...)
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  25. added 2014-06-28
    Francesco Guala (forthcoming). The Role of Experiments in Economics: Reply to Jones. Economics and Philosophy:1-9.
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  26. added 2014-06-28
    Teresa Kouri (forthcoming). A Reply to Heathcote's: On the Exhaustion of Mathematical Entities by Structures. Axiomathes:1-13.
    In this article I respond to Heathcote’s “On the Exhaustion of Mathematical Entities by Structures”. I show that his ontic exhaustion issue is not a problem for ante rem structuralists. First, I show that it is unlikely that mathematical objects can occur across structures. Second, I show that the properties that Heathcote suggests are underdetermined by structuralism are not so underdetermined. Finally, I suggest that even if Heathcote’s ontic exhaustion issue if thought of as a problem of reference, the structuralist (...)
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  27. added 2014-06-28
    Johannes Lenhard (forthcoming). Disciplines, Models, and Computers: The Path to Computational Quantum Chemistry. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A.
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  28. added 2014-06-28
    Takemasa Yokoyama, Yasuki Noguchi, Ryosuke Tachibana, Shigeru Mukaida & Shinichi Kita (2014). A Critical Role of Holistic Processing in Face Gender Perception. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
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  29. added 2014-06-28
    Kathleen M. Quinlan (2014). Everything for Sale? The Marketisation of UK Higher Education. By Roger Brown with Helen Carasso. British Journal of Educational Studies 62 (2):223-225.
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  30. added 2014-06-28
    Geerte Savenije, Carla van Boxtel & Maria Grever (2014). Sensitive 'Heritage' of Slavery in a Multicultural Classroom: Pupils' Ideas Regarding Significance. British Journal of Educational Studies 62 (2):127-148.
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  31. added 2014-06-28
    Ana Carolina Rodrigues, Maurício Loureiro & Paulo Caramelli (2014). Visual Memory in Musicians and Non-Musicians. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
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  32. added 2014-06-28
    Robin Simmons (2014). The Great Reversal: Young People, Education and Employment in a Declining Economy.By Martin Allen and Patrick Ainley. British Journal of Educational Studies 62 (2):219-221.
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  33. added 2014-06-28
    Anna Vignoles (2014). Widening Participation in Higher Education: Casting the Net Wide?Edited by T. Hinton-Smith. British Journal of Educational Studies 62 (2):212-213.
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  34. added 2014-06-28
    Frank Hardman (2014). Teacher Education in Sub-Saharan Africa: Closer Perspectives. Edited by Rosarii Griffin. British Journal of Educational Studies 62 (2):217-219.
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  35. added 2014-06-28
    Sandra Hasko, Katarina Groth, Jennifer Bruder, Jã¼Rgen Bartling & Gerd Schulte-Körne (2014). What Does the Brain of Children with Developmental Dyslexia Tell Us About Reading Improvement? ERP Evidence From an Intervention Study. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
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  36. added 2014-06-28
    Andrew C. Etchell, Blake W. Johnson & Paul F. Sowman (2014). Behavioral and Multimodal Neuroimaging Evidence for a Deficit in Brain Timing Networks in Stuttering: A Hypothesis and Theory. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
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  37. added 2014-06-28
    Thomas H. B. FitzGerald, Raymond J. Dolan & Karl J. Friston (2014). Model Averaging, Optimal Inference, and Habit Formation. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
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  38. added 2014-06-28
    Annie Haight (2014). The Identities and Practices of High Achieving Pupils: Negotiating Achievement and Peer Cultures. By B. Francis, C. Skelton and B. Read. [REVIEW] British Journal of Educational Studies 62 (2):213-215.
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  39. added 2014-06-28
    Ansgar Allen (2014). Meritocratic Education and Social Worthlessness. By K. Lampert. British Journal of Educational Studies 62 (2):225-226.
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  40. added 2014-06-28
    Douglas Bourn (2014). Education Quality and Social Justice in the Global South: Challenges for Policy, Practice and Research. Edited by L. Tikly and A. M. Barrett. [REVIEW] British Journal of Educational Studies 62 (2):221-223.
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  41. added 2014-06-28
    Sandra Cooke & David Carr (2014). Virtue, Practical Wisdom and Character in Teaching. British Journal of Educational Studies 62 (2):91-110.
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  42. added 2014-06-28
    Florin Dzeladini, Jesse van den Kieboom & Auke Ijspeert (2014). The Contribution of a Central Pattern Generator in a Reflex-Based Neuromuscular Model. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
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  43. added 2014-06-28
    Andrew Skourdoumbis (2014). Teacher Effectiveness: MakingTheDifference to Student Achievement? British Journal of Educational Studies 62 (2):111-126.
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  44. added 2014-06-28
    Victoria C. Oleynick, Todd M. Thrash, Michael C. LeFew, Emil G. Moldovan & Paul D. Kieffaber (2014). The Scientific Study of Inspiration in the Creative Process: Challenges and Opportunities. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
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  45. added 2014-06-28
    Anina Ritterband-Rosenbaum, Anke N. Karabanov, Mark S. Christensen & Jens Bo Nielsen (2014). 10 Hz rTMS Over Right Parietal Cortex Alters Sense of Agency During Self-Controlled Movements. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
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  46. added 2014-06-28
    Benno van den Berg & Ieke Moerdijk (2014). The Axiom of Multiple Choice and Models for Constructive Set Theory. Journal of Mathematical Logic 14 (1):1450005.
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  47. added 2014-06-28
    Kathryn Paige (2014). Living on the Edge: Rethinking Poverty, Class and Schooling. By John Smyth and Terry Wrigley. British Journal of Educational Studies 62 (2):216-217.
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  48. added 2014-06-28
    Daniel Kilburn, Melanie Nind & Rose Wiles (2014). Learning as Researchers and Teachers: The Development of a Pedagogical Culture for Social Science Research Methods? British Journal of Educational Studies 62 (2):191-207.
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  49. added 2014-06-28
    Julien Danhier & Émilie Martin (2014). Comparing Compositional Effects in Two Education Systems: The Case of the Belgian Communities. British Journal of Educational Studies 62 (2):171-189.
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  50. added 2014-06-28
    Iolanda Pisotta & Marco Molinari (2014). Cerebellar Contribution to Feedforward Control of Locomotion. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
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1 — 50 / 762