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  1. added 2015-05-04
    Carey K. Morewedge & Colleen E. Giblin (forthcoming). Explanations of the Endowment Effect: An Integrative Review. Trends in Cognitive Sciences.
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  2. added 2015-05-03
    Michael A. Peters (forthcoming). Why is My Curriculum White? Educational Philosophy and Theory:1-6.
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  3. added 2015-05-03
    Jim Greenlaw (forthcoming). Deconstructing the Metanarrative of the 21st Century Skills Movement. Educational Philosophy and Theory:1-10.
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  4. added 2015-05-03
    Jānis Tālivaldis Ozoliņš (forthcoming). Reclaiming Paedeia in an Age of Crises: Education and the Necessity of Wisdom. Educational Philosophy and Theory:1-13.
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  5. added 2015-05-03
    Gerald Argenton (forthcoming). Time for Experience: Growing Up Under the Experience Economy. Educational Philosophy and Theory:1-17.
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  6. added 2015-05-03
    Vincent Lam (forthcoming). Primitive Ontology and Quantum Field Theory. European Journal for Philosophy of Science:1-11.
    Primitive ontology is a recently much discussed approach to the ontology of quantum theory according to which the theory is ultimately about entities in 3-dimensional space and their temporal evolution. This paper critically discusses the primitive ontologies that have been suggested within the Bohmian approach to quantum field theory in the light of the existence of unitarily inequivalent representations. These primitive ontologies rely either on a Fock space representation or a wave functional representation, which are strictly speaking unambiguously available only (...)
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  7. added 2015-05-03
    Andrea C. Samson, Sylvia D. Kreibig, Blake Soderstrom, A. Ayanna Wade & James J. Gross (forthcoming). Eliciting Positive, Negative and Mixed Emotional States: A Film Library for Affective Scientists. Cognition and Emotion:1-30.
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  8. added 2015-05-03
    Michael Loughlin, Robyn Bluhm, Jonathan Fuller, Stephen Buetow, Benjamin R. Lewis & Brent M. Kious (2015). Diseases, Patients and the Epistemology of Practice: Mapping the Borders of Health, Medicine and Care. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21:357-364.
  9. added 2015-05-03
    Daniele Romano, Anna Sedda, Peter Brugger & Gabriella Bottini (2015). Body Ownership: When Feeling and Knowing Diverge. Consciousness and Cognition 34:140-148.
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  10. added 2015-05-02
    Leonard M. Khalilov (forthcoming). Symmetry, Inertness and Chirality in Theory of Chiral Systems. Foundations of Chemistry:1-7.
    The measure of the chiral system inertia has been suggested as a reciprocal value of degree of chirality. Three main laws of conservation, evolution, and interaction of chiral systems in the inertial space are formulated. Some of the consequences concerning the interaction of the chiral elements could be used to estimate the degree of chirality of complex chiral systems.
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  11. added 2015-05-02
    David Colander & Huei-Chun Su (forthcoming). Making Sense of Economists' Positive-Normative Distinction. Journal of Economic Methodology:1-14.
    The goal of this article is to provide a slightly different spin on economists' use of the positive-normative distinction by providing some context for its use. The major difference is the following: philosophers and philosophically oriented economists, such as Hilary Putnam and John Davis, see the positive-normative distinction in economics as following from the logical positivist position, and they interpret comments made by economists as reflecting scientific methodological positions that have long since been repudiated by philosophers of science. This article (...)
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  12. added 2015-05-01
    Catherine E. Seta, John J. Seta, John V. Petrocelli & Michael McCormick (forthcoming). Even Better Than the Real Thing: Alternative Outcome Bias Affects Decision Judgements and Decision Regret. Thinking and Reasoning:1-27.
    Three experiments demonstrated that decisions resulting in considerable amounts of profit, but missed alternative outcomes of greater profits, were rated lower in quality and produced more regret than did decisions that returned lesser amounts of profit but either did not miss or missed only slightly better alternatives. These effects were mediated by upward counterfactuals and moderated by participants’ orientation to the decision context. That decision evaluations were affected by the availability and magnitude of alternative outcomes rather than the positivity of (...)
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  13. added 2015-05-01
    Stathis Livadas (forthcoming). The Subjective Roots of Forcing Theory and Their Influence in Independence Results. Axiomathes:1-23.
    This article attempts a subjectively based approach, in fact one phenomenologically motivated, toward some key concepts of forcing theory, primarily the concepts of a generic set and its global properties and the absoluteness of certain fundamental relations in the extension to a forcing model M[G]. By virtue of this motivation and referring both to the original and current formulation of forcing I revisit certain set-theoretical notions serving as underpinnings of the theory and try to establish their deeper subjectively founded content (...)
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  14. added 2015-05-01
    Pierre-Jean Renaudie (forthcoming). La Question de la Logique Dans l'Idéalisme Allemand. History and Philosophy of Logic:1-4.
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  15. added 2015-05-01
    Michael Marder (forthcoming). The Sense of Seeds, or Seminal Events in Advance. Environmental Philosophy.
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  16. added 2015-05-01
    Tony Manela (forthcoming). Gratitude and Appreciation. American Philosophical Quarterly.
    This article argues that "gratitude to" and "gratitude that" are fundamentally different concepts. The former (prepositional gratitude) is properly a response to benevolent attitudes, and entails special concern on the part of the beneficiary for a benefactor, while the latter (propositional gratitude) is a response to beneficial states of affairs, and entails no special concern for anyone. Propositional gratitude, it is argued, ultimately amounts to a species of appreciation. The tendency to see prepositional gratitude and propositional “gratitude” as two species (...)
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  17. added 2015-04-30
    Robert Kowalenko, Thabo Mbeki, Postmodernism, and the Consequences [Manuscript].
    Explanations of former South African President Thabo Mbeki’s public and private views on the aetiology of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the country remain partial at best without the recognition that the latter presuppose and imply a postmodernist/postcolonialist philosophy of science that erases the line separating the political from the scientific. Evidence from Mbeki’s public speeches, interviews, and private and anonymous writings suggests that it was postmodernist/postcolonialist theory that inspired him to doubt the “Western” scientific consensus on HIV/AIDS and to implement (...)
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  18. added 2015-04-30
    Lara L. Jones & Zachary Estes (forthcoming). Convergent and Divergent Thinking in Verbal Analogy. Thinking and Reasoning:1-28.
    Individual differences in convergent and divergent thinking may uniquely explain variation in analogical reasoning ability. Across two studies we investigated the relative influences of divergent and convergent thinking as predictors of verbal analogy performance. Performance on both convergent thinking and divergent thinking uniquely predicted performance on both analogy selection and analogical generation tasks . Moreover, convergent and divergent thinking were predictive above and beyond creative behaviours in Study 1 and a composite measure of crystallised intelligence in Study 2. Verbal analogies (...)
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  19. added 2015-04-30
    Gil Sagi (2014). Formality in Logic: From Logical Terms to Semantic Constraints. Logique Et Analyse 57 (227).
    In this paper I discuss a prevailing view by which logical terms determine forms of sentences and arguments and therefore the logical validity of arguments. This view is common to those who hold that there is a principled distinction between logical and nonlogical terms and those holding relativistic accounts. I adopt the Tarskian tradition by which logical validity is determined by form, but reject the centrality of logical terms. I propose an alternative framework for logic where logical terms no longer (...)
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  20. added 2015-04-30
    Jeremy Heis (2014). Ernst Cassirer’s Substanzbegriff Und Funktionsbegriff. Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 4 (2):241-70.
    Ernst Cassirer’s book Substanzbegriff und Funktionsbegriff is a difficult book for contemporary readers to understand. Its topic, the theory of concept formation, engages with debates and authors that are largely unknown today. And its “historical” style violates the philosophical standards of clarity first propounded by early analytic philosophers. Cassirer, for instance, never says explicitly what he means by “substance-concept” and “function-concept.” In this article, I answer three questions: Why did Cassirer choose to focus on the topic of concept formation? What (...)
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  21. added 2015-04-29
    Matteo Bianchin (forthcoming). Simulation and the We-Mode. A Cognitive Account of Plural First Persons. Philosophy of the Social Sciences:0048393115580267.
    I argue that a capacity for mindreading conceived along the line of simulation theory provides the cognitive basis for forming we-centric representations of actions and goals. This explains the plural first personal stance displayed by we-intentions in terms of the underlying cognitive processes performed by individual minds, while preserving the idea that they cannot be analyzed in terms of individual intentional states. The implication for social ontology is that this makes sense of the plural subjectivity of joint actions without making (...)
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  22. added 2015-04-29
    Joris Vlieghe (forthcoming). A Material and Practical Account of Education in Digital Times: Neil Postman’s Views on Literacy and the Screen Revisited. Studies in Philosophy and Education:1-17.
    In this article I deal with the impact of digitization on education by revisiting the ideas Neil Postman developed in regard with the omnipresence of screens in the American society of the 1980s and their impact on what it means to grow up and to become an educated person. Arguing, on the one hand, that traditionally education is profoundly related to the initiation into literacy, and on the other hand, that the screen may come to replace the book as the (...)
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  23. added 2015-04-29
    Cintia A. Oi, Jelle S. van Zweden, Ricardo C. Oliveira, Annette Van Oystaeyen, Fabio S. Nascimento & Tom Wenseleers (forthcoming). The Origin and Evolution of Social Insect Queen Pheromones: Novel Hypotheses and Outstanding Problems. Bioessays:n/a-n/a.
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  24. added 2015-04-29
    Hiroki Majima & Akira Suzuki (forthcoming). Identities for Entropy Change Associated with the Time-Evolution of an Open System. Foundations of Physics:1-9.
    A general relation between entropy and an evolutionary superoperator is derived based on the theory of the real-time formulation. The formulation establishing the relation relies only on the framework of quantum statistical mechanics and the standard definition of the von Neumann entropy. Applying the theory of the imaginary-time formulation, a similar relation is obtained for the entropy change due to the change in reservoir temperatures. To show the usefulness of these formulas, we derived the expression for the entropy production induced (...)
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  25. added 2015-04-29
    Antti Kuusisto (forthcoming). A Double Team Semantics for Generalized Quantifiers. Journal of Logic, Language and Information:1-43.
    We investigate extensions of dependence logic with generalized quantifiers. We also introduce and investigate the notion of a generalized atom. We define a system of semantics that can accommodate variants of dependence logic, possibly extended with generalized quantifiers and generalized atoms, under the same umbrella framework. The semantics is based on pairs of teams, or double teams. We also devise a game-theoretic semantics equivalent to the double team semantics. We make use of the double team semantics by defining a logic (...)
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  26. added 2015-04-29
    Alexey E. Rastegin (forthcoming). Uncertainty Relations for General Canonically Conjugate Observables in Terms of Unified Entropies. Foundations of Physics:1-20.
    We study uncertainty relations for a general class of canonically conjugate observables. It is known that such variables can be approached within a limiting procedure of the Pegg–Barnett type. We show that uncertainty relations for conjugate observables in terms of generalized entropies can be obtained on the base of genuine finite-dimensional consideration. Due to the Riesz theorem, there exists an inequality between norm-like functionals of two probability distributions in finite dimensions. Using a limiting procedure of the Pegg–Barnett type, we take (...)
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  27. added 2015-04-29
    Ingo Eilks, Avi Hofstein, Rachel Mamlok-Naaman, Peter Heering & Marc Stuckey (2015). The Philosophical Works of Ludwik Fleck and Their Potential Meaning for Teaching and Learning Science. Science and Education 24 (3):281-298.
    This paper discusses essential elements of the philosophical works of Ludwik Fleck and their potential interpretation for the teaching and learning of science. In the early twentieth century, Fleck made substantial contributions to understanding the sociological character of the nature of science and explaining the embedding of science in society. His works have several parallels to the later and very popular work, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, by Thomas S. Kuhn, although Kuhn only indirectly referred to the influence of Fleck (...)
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  28. added 2015-04-29
    Christopher Monckton of Brenchley, William Briggs, Willie Soon & David Legates (2015). Climate Consensus and ‘Misinformation’: A Rejoinder to Agnotology, Scientific Consensus, and the Teaching and Learning of Climate Change. Science and Education 24 (3):299-318.
    Agnotology is the study of how ignorance arises via circulation of misinformation calculated to mislead. Legates et al. had questioned the applicability of agnotology to politically-charged debates. In their reply, Bedford and Cook , seeking to apply agnotology to climate science, asserted that fossil-fuel interests had promoted doubt about a climate consensus. Their definition of climate ‘misinformation’ was contingent upon the post-modernist assumptions that scientific truth is discernible by measuring a consensus among experts, and that a near unanimous consensus exists. (...)
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  29. added 2015-04-29
    Veli-Matti Vesterinen & Suvi Tala (2015). Nature of Science Contextualized: Studying Nature of Science with Scientists. Science and Education 24 (4):435-457.
    Understanding nature of science is widely considered an important educational objective and views of NOS are closely linked to science teaching and learning. Thus there is a lively discussion about what understanding NOS means and how it is reached. As a result of analyses in educational, philosophical, sociological and historical research, a worldwide consensus about the content of NOS teaching is said to be reached. This consensus content is listed as a general statement of science, which students are supposed to (...)
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  30. added 2015-04-29
    G. Devi, M. Muhammad & R. Selvakumar (2015). An Embedded Automaton to Monitor the Glycolysis Process in Pancreatic Β-Cells. Acta Biotheoretica 63 (1):23-31.
    An embedded automaton is introduced to monitor the whole glycolysis process in pancreatic β-cell and it is a hybridization of both non-deterministic finite automaton and push-down automaton. The set of irreversible and reversible reactions in the glycolysis process are related to non-deterministic finite automaton and push-down automaton respectively. The embedded automaton is used to observe the glucose metabolism with the states of acceptance and rejection. The acceptance state of the embedded automaton depicts the normal level of glycolysis and insulin secretion. (...)
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  31. added 2015-04-29
    Antti Lepistö (2015). Revisiting the Left-Wing Response to Sociobiology: The Case of Finland in a European Context. Journal of the History of Biology 48 (1):99-136.
    This article revisits the left-wing response to sociobiology in the 1970s and 1980s by examining the sociobiology debate in Finland in a larger European context. It argues that the Finnish academic left’s response to sociobiology represents a “third way” alongside the purely negative, often Marxist denial of biology’s relevance, which characterized the left’s response to sociobiology in many European countries such as Hungary and Sweden, and alongside the disregard that sociobiology confronted in most parts of Eastern Europe, as well as (...)
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  32. added 2015-04-29
    M. Canals & B. Grossi (2015). Energetics, Scaling and Sexual Size Dimorphism of Spiders. Acta Biotheoretica 63 (1):71-81.
    The extreme sexual size dimorphism in spiders has motivated studies for many years. In many species the male can be very small relative to the female. There are several hypotheses trying to explain this fact, most of them emphasizing the role of energy in determining spider size. The aim of this paper is to review the role of energy in sexual size dimorphism of spiders, even for those spiders that do not necessarily live in high foliage, using physical and allometric (...)
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  33. added 2015-04-29
    B. Berkel & F. Janssen (2015). Making Philosophy of Science Education Practical for Science Teachers. Science and Education 24 (3):229-258.
    Philosophy of science education can play a vital role in the preparation and professional development of science teachers. In order to fulfill this role a philosophy of science education should be made practical for teachers. First, multiple and inherently incomplete philosophies on the teacher and teaching on what, how and why should be integrated. In this paper we describe our philosophy of science education which is composed of bounded rationalism as a guideline for understanding teachers’ practical reasoning, liberal education underlying (...)
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  34. added 2015-04-29
    Ioannis Votsis (2015). Unification: Not Just a Thing of Beauty. Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 30 (1):97-114.
    There is a strong tendency in science to opt for simpler and more unified hypotheses. A view that has often been voiced is that such qualities, though aesthetically pleasing or beautiful, are at best pragmatic considerations in matters of choosing between rival hypotheses. This essay offers a novel conception and an associated measure of unification, both of which are manifestly more than just pragmatic considerations. The discussion commences with a brief survey of some failed attempts to conceptualise unification. It then (...)
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  35. added 2015-04-29
    Dimitris Koliopoulos (2015). Kieran Egan, Annabella Cant and Gillian Judson : Wonder-Full Education: The Centrality of Wonder in Teaching and Learning Across the Curriculum. Science and Education 24 (4):459-461.
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  36. added 2015-04-29
    Katharine Anderson (2015). Peter Heering, Stephen Klassen and Don Metz : Enabling Scientific Understanding Through Historical Instruments and Experiments in Formal and Non-Formal Learning Environments. Flensburg Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science in Science Education. Science and Education 24 (3):339-341.
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  37. added 2015-04-29
    Håkon Stokland (2015). Field Studies in Absentia: Counting and Monitoring From a Distance as Technologies of Government in Norwegian Wolf Management. Journal of the History of Biology 48 (1):1-36.
    The article investigates how national and international measures to protect wolves turned the whole of Norway into a field of study for wildlife biologists, and how the extensiveness of this “field” prompted a transformation in the methods employed to count and monitor wolves. As it was not possible to conduct traditional field studies throughout the whole of Norway, the biologists constructed an extensive infrastructure, which I have termed a “counting complex,” in order to count wolves from a distance. The article (...)
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  38. added 2015-04-29
    Ross Nehm (2015). Karl S. Rosengren, Sarah K. Brem, E. Margaret Evans, and Gale M. Sinatra : Evolution Challenges: Integrating Research and Practice in Teaching and Learning About Evolution. [REVIEW] Science and Education 24 (4):481-485.
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  39. added 2015-04-29
    Joel Hagen (2015). Camels, Cormorants, and Kangaroo Rats: Integration and Synthesis in Organismal Biology After World War II. Journal of the History of Biology 48 (2):169-199.
    During the decades following World War II diverse groups of American biologists established a variety of distinctive approaches to organismal biology. Rhetorically, organismal biology could be used defensively to distinguish established research traditions from perceived threats from newly emerging fields such as molecular biology. But, organismal biologists were also interested in integrating biological disciplines and using a focus on organisms to synthesize levels of organization from molecules and cells to populations and communities. Part of this broad movement was the development (...)
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  40. added 2015-04-29
    Andreia Guerra & Hermann Schiffer (2015). Electricity and Vital Force: Discussing the Nature of Science Through a Historical Narrative. Science and Education 24 (4):409-434.
    Seeking a historical-philosophical approach to science teaching, narrative texts have been used as pedagogical tools to improve the learning experience of students. A review of the literature of different types of narrative texts and their different rates of effectiveness in science education is presented. This study was developed using the so-called Historical Narrative as a tool to introduce science content from a historical-philosophical approach, aiming to discuss science as a human construction. This project was carried out in a 9th grade (...)
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  41. added 2015-04-29
    Jeff Yoshimi & David W. Vinson (2015). Extending Gurwitsch’s Field Theory of Consciousness. Consciousness and Cognition 34:104-123.
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  42. added 2015-04-29
    Oren Harman (2015). Evolution on One Foot. Journal of the History of Biology 48 (2):337-351.
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  43. added 2015-04-29
    Ioannis Votsis & Gerhard Schurz (2015). Editors’ Introduction. Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 30 (1):7-9.
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  44. added 2015-04-29
    Dietmar Höttecke & Andreas Henke (2015). Physics Teachers’ Challenges in Using History and Philosophy of Science in Teaching. Science and Education 24 (4):349-385.
    The inclusion of the history and philosophy of science in science teaching is widely accepted, but the actual state of implementation in schools is still poor. This article investigates possible reasons for this discrepancy. The demands science teachers associate with HPS-based teaching play an important role, since these determine teachers’ decisions towards implementing its practices and ideas. We therefore investigate the perceptions of 8 HPS-experienced German middle school physics teachers within and beyond an HPS implementation project. Within focused interviews these (...)
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  45. added 2015-04-29
    Jong-Hoon Kim (2015). HIV Transmissions by Stage and Sex Role in Long-Term Concurrent Sexual Partnerships. Acta Biotheoretica 63 (1):33-54.
    Most mathematical models used to examine the role of different stages of human immunodeficiency virus infection unrealistically assume that HIV is transmitted through one-off contacts or that transmission rates are the same between males and females. We sought to examine whether inferences from previous models are robust to the relaxation of those unrealistic assumptions. We developed a model of HIV transmissions through sexual partnerships assuming that sexual partnerships have variable duration, sexual partnerships are concurrent, and the male-to-female transmission rate is (...)
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  46. added 2015-04-29
    Doug Russell (2015). Toward a Pragmatist Epistemology: Arthur O. Lovejoy’s and H. S. Jennings’s Biophilosophical Responses to Neovitalism, 1909–1914. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 48 (1):37-66.
    The sustained interdisciplinary debate about neovitalism between two Johns Hopkins University colleagues, philosopher Arthur O. Lovejoy and experimental geneticist H. S. Jennings, in the period 1911–1914, was the basis for their theoretical reconceptualization of scientific knowledge as contingent and necessarily incomplete in its account of nature. Their response to Hans Driesch’s neovitalist concept of entelechy, and his challenge to the continuity between biology and the inorganic sciences, resulted in a historically significant articulation of genetics and philosophy. This study traces the (...)
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  47. added 2015-04-29
    Victor Gijsbers (2015). Can Probabilistic Coherence Be a Measure of Understanding? Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 30 (1):53-71.
    Coherence is a measure of how much our beliefs hang together. Understanding is achieved when we see that something is not just a brute, isolated fact. This suggests that it might be possible to use the extant probabilistic measures of coherence to formulate a measure of understanding. We attempt to do so, but it turns out that a coherence theory runs into trouble with the asymmetry of understanding. We identify four difficulties and show how they have been solved by a (...)
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  48. added 2015-04-29
    Yi Luk (2015). Building Biophysics in Mid-Century China: The University of Science and Technology of China. Journal of the History of Biology 48 (2):201-235.
    Biophysics has been either an independent discipline or an element of another discipline in the United States, but it has always been recognized as a stand-alone discipline in the People’s Republic of China since 1949. To inquire into this apparent divergence, this paper investigates the formational history of biophysics in China by examining the early institutional history of one of the best-known and prestigious science and technology universities in the PRC, the University of Science and Technology of China . By (...)
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  49. added 2015-04-29
    Gerhard Schurz (2015). Causality and Unification: How Causality Unifies Statistical Regularities. Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 30 (1):73-95.
    Two key ideas of scientific explanation−explanation as causal information and explanation as unification-have frequently been set into mutual opposition. This paper proposes a “dialectical solution” to this conflict, by arguing that causal explanations are preferable to non-causal ones, because they lead to a higherdegree of unification at the level of explaining statistical regularities. The core axioms of the theory of causal nets are justified because they offer the best if not the only unifying explanation of two statistical phenomena: screening off (...)
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  50. added 2015-04-29
    Mark L. Siegal, Orkun S. Soyer & Maureen O'Malley (2015). Announcement by the Owner and the Publisher of Biological Theory. Biological Theory 10 (1):5-5.
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