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  1. added 2015-01-31
    Donald S. Maier & Jeffrey A. Lockwood (forthcoming). Conservation as Picking Up Trash in Nature in Advance. Environmental Philosophy.
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  2. added 2015-01-31
    Michelle Forrest (forthcoming). Sonorous Voice and Feminist Teaching: Lessons From Cavarero. Studies in Philosophy and Education:1-16.
    I claim that Adriana Cavarero’s concept of sonorous voice is significant in feminist teaching because, as she argues, dominant concepts of voice refer to voice in semantic terms thereby discounting voice in sonorous terms. This process of ‘devocalization’, spanning the history of Western philosophy, devalues the uniqueness embodied in each sonorous voice effecting a bias against female-sounding voices. In light of women’s history and experience of being silenced, this devaluing of sonorous voice has distinct implications for feminist teaching. A person’s (...)
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  3. added 2015-01-31
    Albert J. J. Anglberger & Jonathan Lukic (forthcoming). Hilbert-Style Axiom Systems for the Matrix-Based Logics RMQ − and RMQ. Studia Logica:1-19.
    This paper deals with the axiomatizability problem for the matrix-based logics RMQ − and RMQ *. We present a Hilbert-style axiom system for RMQ −, and a quasi-axiomatization based on it for RMQ *. We further compare these logics to different well-known modal logics, and assess its status as relevance logics.
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  4. added 2015-01-31
    Pierfrancesco Basile (2014). Mind & Cosmos: Why the Materialist Neo-Darwinian Conception of Nature is Almost Certainly False by Thomas Nagel. Process Studies 43 (1):111-114.
  5. added 2015-01-31
    Luca Malatesti (2014). Psychopathy and Failures of Ordinary Doing. Etica & Politica / Ethics & Politics (2):1138-1152.
    One of the philosophical discussions stimulated by the recent scientific study of psychopathy concerns the mental illness status of this construct. This paper contributes to this debate by recommending a way of approaching the problem at issue. By relying on and integrating the seminal work of the philosopher of psychiatry Bill Fulford, I argue that a mental illness is a harmful unified construct that involves failures of ordinary doing. Central to the present proposal is the idea that the notion of (...)
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  6. added 2015-01-31
    Hanoch Ben-Yami (2014). Why Rigidity? In J. Berg (ed.), Naming, Necessity and More: Explorations in the Philosophical Work of Saul Kripke. Palgrave. 3-21.
    In Naming and Necessity Kripke argues 'intuitively' that names are rigid. Unlike Kripke, Ben-Yami first introduces and justifies the Principle of the Independence of Reference (PIR), according to which the reference of a name is independent of what is said in the rest of the sentence containing it. Ben-Yami then derives rigidity, or something close to it, from the PIR. Additional aspects of the use of names and other expressions in modal contexts, explained by the PIR but not by the (...)
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  7. added 2015-01-30
    M. Bryson Brown & Graham Priest (forthcoming). Chunk and Permeate II: Bohr’s Hydrogen Atom. European Journal for Philosophy of Science:1-18.
    Niels Bohr’s model of the hydrogen atom is widely cited as an example of an inconsistent scientific theory because of its reliance on classical electrodynamics together with assumptions about interactions between matter and electromagnetic radiation that could not be reconciled with CED. This view of Bohr’s model is controversial, but we believe a recently proposed approach to reasoning with inconsistent commitments offers a promising formal reading of how Bohr’s model worked. In this paper we present this new way of reasoning (...)
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  8. added 2015-01-30
    Gustavo E. Romero (forthcoming). Sufficient Reason and Reason Enough. Foundations of Science:1-6.
    I offer an analysis of the Principle of Sufficient Reason and its relevancy for the scientific endeavour. I submit that the world is not, and cannot be, rational—only some brained beings are. The Principle of Sufficient Reason is not a necessary truth nor a physical law. It is just a guiding metanomological hypothesis justified a posteriori by its success in helping us to unveil the mechanisms that operate in Nature.
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  9. added 2015-01-30
    Elselijn Kingma (forthcoming). Situation-Specific Disease and Dispositional Function: Response to Hausman. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axu041.
    In , I argued that Boorse's biostatistical theory of health is unable to accommodate diseases that are the normal result of harmful environments. Hausman disagrees: if the BST compares normal dispositional function against the whole population or reference class, rather than against organisms in similar circumstances as I proposed, then my challenge can be avoided. In this paper, I argue that Hausman's response fails: his proposal cannot accommodate a series of common physiological processes, such as sleep and those involved in (...)
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  10. added 2015-01-30
    Robert H. McLaughlin & Theresa Alfaro-Velcamp (forthcoming). The Vulnerability of Immigrants in Research: Enhancing Protocol Development and Ethics Review. Journal of Academic Ethics:1-17.
    Vulnerabilities often characterize the availability of immigrant populations of interest in social behavioral science, public health, and medical research. Refugees, asylum seekers, and undocumented immigrants present unique vulnerabilities relevant to protocol development as well as ethics review procedures and criteria. This paper describes vulnerable populations in relation to the Belmont Report and US federal regulations for the protection of human subjects, both of which are commonly used in international research contexts. It argues for safeguards for immigrants comparable to protections for (...)
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  11. added 2015-01-30
    Bryan Chambliss (forthcoming). Macrocognition: A Theory of Distributed Minds and Collective Intentionality. Philosophical Psychology:1-5.
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  12. added 2015-01-30
    José Eduardo Porcher (2014). Is Self-Deception Pretense? Manuscrito 37 (2):291-332.
    I assess Tamar Gendler's (2007) account of self-deception according to which its characteristic state is not belief, but imaginative pretense. After giving an overview of the literature and presenting the conceptual puzzles engendered by the notion of self-deception, I introduce Gendler's account, which emerges as a rival to practically all extant accounts of self-deception. I object to it by first arguing that her argument for abandoning belief as the characteristic state of self-deception conflates the state of belief and the process (...)
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  13. added 2015-01-30
    Richard Samuels, Eric Margolis & Stephen Stich (2012). Introduction: Philosophy and Cognitive Science. In Eric Margolis, Richard Samuels & Stephen Stich (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Cognitive Science. Oxford University Press. 3-18.
    This chapter offers a high-level overview of the philosophy of cognitive science and an introduction to the Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Cognitive Science. The philosophy of cognitive science emerged out of a set of common and overlapping interests among philosophers and scientists who study the mind. We identify five categories of issues that illustrate the best work in this broad field: (1) traditional philosophical issues about the mind that have been invigorated by research in cognitive science, (2) issues regarding (...)
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  14. added 2015-01-30
    John Corcoran (1999). CORCORAN'S 27 ENTRIES IN THE 1999 SECOND EDITION. In Robert Audi (ed.), Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy. CAMBRIDGE UP. 65-941.
    Corcoran’s 27 entries in the 1999 second edition of Robert Audi’s Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy [Cambridge: Cambridge UP]. -/- ancestral, axiomatic method, borderline case, categoricity, Church (Alonzo), conditional, convention T, converse (outer and inner), corresponding conditional, degenerate case, domain, De Morgan, ellipsis, laws of thought, limiting case, logical form, logical subject, material adequacy, mathematical analysis, omega, proof by recursion, recursive function theory, scheme, scope, Tarski (Alfred), tautology, universe of discourse. -/- The entire work is available online free at more than (...)
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  15. added 2015-01-29
    Clayton Peterson (forthcoming). Contrary-to-Duty Reasoning: A Categorical Approach. Logica Universalis:1-46.
    This paper provides an analysis of contrary-to-duty reasoning from the proof-theoretical perspective of category theory. While Chisholm’s paradox hints at the need of dyadic deontic logic by showing that monadic deontic logics are not able to adequately model conditional obligations and contrary-to-duties, other arguments can be objected to dyadic approaches in favor of non-monotonic foundations. We show that all these objections can be answered at one fell swoop by modeling conditional obligations within a deductive system defined as an instance of (...)
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  16. added 2015-01-29
    Emanuele Ratti (forthcoming). Big Data Biology: Between Eliminative Inferences and Exploratory Experiments. Philosophy of Science 2015.
    Recently, biologists have argued that data-driven biology fosters a new scientific methodology; namely, one that is irreducible to traditional methodologies of molecular biology defined as the discovery strategies elucidated by mechanistic philosophy. Here I show how data-driven studies can be included into the traditional mechanistic approach in two respects. On the one hand, some studies provide eliminative inferential procedures to prioritize and develop mechanistic hypotheses. On the other, different studies play an exploratory role in providing useful generalizations to complement the (...)
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  17. added 2015-01-29
    Ian Jarvie (2015). Pornography Stumps Analytic Philosophers of Art. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 45 (1):122-140.
    A book in which analytic philosophers examine the portrayal of sex in art and the possible artistic value of pornography proves a disappointment. Although a transcendental objection to pornographic art is rebutted, the papers employ barren philosophical methods that divert energy away from significant problems and into scholastic quibbles.
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  18. added 2015-01-29
    Jürgen Landes (2014). Tychomancy: Inferring Probability From Causal Structure. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 28 (4):446-448.
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  19. added 2015-01-29
    Jessica Leech (2014). Properties. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 28 (4):439-442.
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  20. added 2015-01-29
    Thomas Boyer-Kassem (2014). Layers of Models in Computer Simulations. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 28 (4):417-436.
    I discuss here the definition of computer simulations, and more specifically the views of Humphreys, who considers that an object is simulated when a computer provides a solution to a computational model, which in turn represents the object of interest. I argue that Humphreys's concepts are not able to analyse fully successfully a case of contemporary simulation in physics, which is more complex than the examples considered so far in the philosophical literature. I therefore modify Humphreys's definition of simulation. I (...)
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  21. added 2015-01-29
    Maria van der Schaar (2014). The Bloomsbury Companion to Analytic Philosophy. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 28 (4):437-439.
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  22. added 2015-01-29
    François Claveau & Luis Mireles-Flores (2014). On the Meaning of Causal Generalisations in Policy-Oriented Economic Research. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 28 (4):397-416.
    Current philosophical accounts of causation suggest that the same causal assertion can have different meanings. Yet, in actual social-scientific practice, the possible meanings of some causal generalisations intended to support policy prescriptions are not always spelled out. In line with a standard referentialist approach to semantics, we propose and elaborate on four questions to systematically elucidate the meaning of causal generalisations. The analysis can be useful to a host of agents, including social scientists, policy-makers, and philosophers aiming at being socially (...)
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  23. added 2015-01-29
    Thomas Meier (2014). The Structure of the World: Metaphysics and Representation. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 28 (4):443-445.
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  24. added 2015-01-29
    Marco Buzzoni (2014). The Agency Theory of Causality, Anthropomorphism, and Simultaneity. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 28 (4):375-395.
    The purpose of this article is to examine two important issues concerning the agency theory of causality: the charge of anthropomorphism and the relation of simultaneous causation. After a brief outline of the agency theory, sections 2–4 contain the refutation of the three main forms in which the charge of anthropomorphism is to be found in the literature. It will appear that it is necessary to distinguish between the subjective and the objective aspect of the concept of causation. This will (...)
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  25. added 2015-01-29
    Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen & Francesco Bellucci (2014). New Light on Peirce's Conceptions of Retroduction, Deduction, and Scientific Reasoning. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 28 (4):353-373.
    We examine Charles S. Peirce's mature views on the logic of science, especially as contained in his later and still mostly unpublished writings . We focus on two main issues. The first concerns Peirce's late conception of retroduction. Peirce conceived inquiry as performed in three stages, which correspond to three classes of inferences: abduction or retroduction, deduction, and induction. The question of the logical form of retroduction, of its logical justification, and of its methodology stands out as the three major (...)
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  26. added 2015-01-28
    Steven French (forthcoming). Gerhard Schurz: Philosophy of Science—A Unified Approach. Journal for General Philosophy of Science:1-3.
    Professor Schurz has written a book that is ambitious in both scope and aims. It begins with an introductory chapter on the historical development and general aims of the philosophy of science itself, moves on to issues associated with establishing a basis for a unified approach to science, with extensive consideration of the conceptual toolkit required, then takes us through chapters on laws and empirical testing, the empirical evaluation of theories more generally, including issues of realism and empiricism, before concluding (...)
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  27. added 2015-01-28
    Ulf Persson (forthcoming). Is Falsification Falsifiable? Foundations of Science:1-15.
    This is a response to a claim by Sven Ove Hansson to the effect that Poppers dictum that falsification lies at the heart of all pursuit of science has once and for all been falsified by his study of articles published in Nature during the year 2000. We claim that this is based on a misunderstanding of Poppers philosophy of science interpreting it too literally, and that alternative readings of those papers are fully compliant with falsification. We scrutinize Hansson’s arguments (...)
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  28. added 2015-01-28
    Darrell P. Rowbottom (forthcoming). Scientific Progress Without Increasing Verisimilitude: In Response to Niiniluoto. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A.
    First, I argue that scientific progress is possible in the absence of increasing verisimilitude in science’s theories. Second, I argue that increasing theoretical verisimilitude is not the central, or primary, dimension of scientific progress. Third, I defend my previous argument that unjustified changes in scientific belief may be progressive. Fourth, I illustrate how false beliefs can promote scientific progress in ways that cannot be explicated by appeal to verisimilitude.
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  29. added 2015-01-28
    Ittay Nissan-Rozen (forthcoming). A Triviality Result for the “Desire by Necessity” Thesis. Synthese:1-22.
    A triviality result for what Lewis called “the Desire by Necessity Thesis” and Broome : 265–267, 1991) called “the Desire as Expectation Thesis” is presented. The result shows that this thesis and three other reasonable conditions can be jointly satisfied only in trivial cases. Some meta-ethical implications of the result are discussed. The discussion also highlights several issues regarding Lewis’ original triviality result for “the Desire as Belief Thesis” that have not been properly understood in the literature.
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  30. added 2015-01-28
    Desh Raj Sirswal (2014). Swami Vivekananda , Indian Youth and Value Education. In Atanu Mohapatra (ed.), Vivekananda and Contemporary Education in India: Recent Perspectives. Surendra Publications. 167-180.
    Swami Vivekananda (January 12, 1863 – July 4, 1902) is considered as one of the most influential spiritual educationist and thinker of India. He was disciple of Ramakrishna Paramahamsa and the founder of Ramakrishna Math and Ramakrishna Mission. He is considered by many as an icon for his fearless courage, his positive exhortations to the youth, his broad outlook to social problems, and countless lectures and discourses on Vedanta philosophy. For him, “Education is not the amount of information that is (...)
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  31. added 2015-01-28
    Nils-Frederic Wagner & Georg Northoff (2014). Habits: Bridging the Gap Between Personhood and Personal Identity. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8 (330).
    In philosophy, the criteria for personhood (PH) at a specific point in time (synchronic), and the necessary and sufficient conditions of personal identity (PI) over time (diachronic) are traditionally separated. Hence, the transition between both timescales of a person's life remains largely unclear. Personal habits reflect a decision-making (DM) process that binds together synchronic and diachronic timescales. Despite the fact that the actualization of habits takes place synchronically, they presuppose, for the possibility of their generation, time in a diachronic sense. (...)
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  32. added 2015-01-27
    Rami Ali (forthcoming). Fiona Macpherson and Dimitris Platchias , Hallucination: Philosophy and Psychology. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-6.
    Hallucination: Philosophy and Psychology is an edited MIT press collection that contributes to the philosophy of perception. This collection is a significant addition to the literature both for its excellent choice of texts, and its emphasis on the case of hallucinations. Dedicating a volume to hallucinatory phenomena may seem somewhat peculiar for those not entrenched in the analytic philosophy of perception, but it is easy enough to grasp their significance. Theories of perception aim to give a fundamental characterization of perceptual (...)
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  33. added 2015-01-27
    Robert Briscoe (2014). Spatial Content and Motoric Significance. Avant (2):199-216.
    According to “actionism” (Noë 2010), perception constitutively depends on implicit knowledge of the way sensory stimulations vary as a consequence of the perceiver’s self-movement. My aim in this contribution is to develop an alternative conception of the role of action in perception present in the work of Gareth Evans using resources provided by Ruth Millikan’s biosemantic theory of mental representation.
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  34. added 2015-01-26
    Justin Clarke-Doane (forthcoming). Objectivity in Ethics and Mathematics. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society.
    How do axioms, or first principles, in ethics compare to those in mathematics? I argue that while there are similarities between the cases, these are premised on an assumption which can be questioned, and which highlights the peculiarity of normative inquiry.
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  35. added 2015-01-25
    Joseph A. Hedger (forthcoming). Perceptual Access Reasoning: Developmental Stage or System 1 Heuristic? Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-20.
    In contrast with the two dominant views in Theory of Mind development, the Perceptual Access Reasoning hypothesis of Fabricius and colleagues is that children don’t understand the mental state of belief until around 6 years of age. Evidence for this includes data that many children ages 4 and 5, who pass the standard 2-location false belief task, nonetheless fail the true belief task, and often fail a 3-location false belief task by choosing the irrelevant option. These findings can be explained (...)
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  36. added 2015-01-25
    Avner Baz (forthcoming). On Going Nowhere with Our Words: New Skepticism About the Philosophical Method of Cases. Philosophical Psychology:1-20.
    The philosophical “method of cases” has been the subject of intense discussion. In a recent paper, Frank Jackson attempts to vindicate the method by proposing that it is underwritten by the “representational view of language.” Jackson's proposal is potentially very significant. For if it is true, then the method of cases stands, but quite possibly also falls, with the representational view of language as characterized by Jackson. The aim of this paper is to question the philosophical method of cases by (...)
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  37. added 2015-01-25
    James J. Hughes (2015). Moral Enhancement Requires Multiple Virtues. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 24 (1):86-95.
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  38. added 2015-01-25
    David Cecchetto (2013). Humanesis: Sound and Technological Posthumanism. Univ of Minnesota Press.
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  39. added 2015-01-24
    Hugh Gash (forthcoming). Systems and Beliefs. Foundations of Science:1-11.
    Systems thinking provides insights into how ideas interact and change, and constructivism is an example of this type of systemic approach. In the 1970s constructivism emphasised the development of mathematical and scientific ideas in children. Recently constructivist ideas are applied much more generally. Here I use this approach to consider beliefs and their role in conflicts and the conditions needed for reconciliation. If we look at Reality in terms of how we construct it as a human cognitive process, we recognise (...)
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  40. added 2015-01-24
    William F. Martin (forthcoming). Big Questions and Skepsis: Review of “In Search of Cell History. [REVIEW] Bioessays:n/a-n/a.
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  41. added 2015-01-24
    Laura D'Olimpio (2014). Thoughts on Film: Critically Engaging with Both Adorno and Benjamin. Educational Philosophy and Theory 48.
    There is a traditional debate in analytic aesthetics that surrounds the classification of film as Art. While much philosophy devoted to considering film has now moved beyond this debate and accepts film as a mass art, a sub-category of Art proper, it is worth re-considering the criticism of film pre-Deleuze. Much of the criticism of film as pseudo-art is expressed in moral terms. T. W. Adorno, for example, critiques film as ‘mass-cult’; mass produced culture which presents a ‘flattened’ version of (...)
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  42. added 2015-01-24
    Louis Sass & E. Pienkos (2013). Space, Time, and Atmosphere A Comparative Phenomenology of Melancholia, Mania, and Schizophrenia, Part II. Journal of Consciousness Studies 20 (7-8):131-152.
    This paper offers a comparative study of abnormalities in the experience of space, time, and general atmosphere in three psychiatric conditions: schizophrenia, melancholia, and mania. It is a companion piece to our previous article entitled 'Varieties of Self- Experience'; here we focus on experiences of the world rather than of the self. As before, we are especially interested in similarities but also in some subtle distinctions in the forms of subjectivity associated with these three conditions. As before, we survey phenomenologicallyoriented (...)
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  43. added 2015-01-23
    Ofer Arieli & Christian Straßer (forthcoming). Sequent-Based Logical Argumentation. Argument and Computation:1-27.
    We introduce a general approach for representing and reasoning with argumentation-based systems. In our framework arguments are represented by Gentzen-style sequents, attacks between arguments are represented by sequent elimination rules, and deductions are made according to Dung-style skeptical or credulous semantics. This framework accommodates different languages and logics in which arguments may be represented, allows for a flexible and simple way of expressing and identifying arguments, supports a variety of attack relations , and is faithful to standard methods of drawing (...)
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  44. added 2015-01-23
    Ulf Hlobil (forthcoming). Chains of Inferences and the New Paradigm in the Psychology of Reasoning. Review of Philosophy and Psychology:1-16.
    The new paradigm in the psychology of reasoning draws on Bayesian formal frameworks, and some advocates of the new paradigm think of these formal frameworks as providing a computational-level theory of rational human inference. I argue that Bayesian theories should not be seen as providing a computational-level theory of rational human inference, where by “Bayesian theories” I mean theories that claim that all rational credal states are probabilistically coherent and that rational adjustments of degrees of belief in the light of (...)
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  45. added 2015-01-23
    Sun-Joo Shin (forthcoming). The Mystery of Deduction and Diagrammatic Aspects of Representation. Review of Philosophy and Psychology:1-19.
    Deduction is decisive but nonetheless mysterious, as I argue in the introduction. I identify the mystery of deduction as surprise-effect and demonstration-difficulty. The first section delves into how the mystery of deduction is connected with the representation of information and lays the groundwork for our further discussions of various kinds of representation. The second and third sections, respectively, present a case study for the comparison between symbolic and diagrammatic representation systems in terms of how two aspects of the mystery of (...)
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  46. added 2015-01-23
    Pablo Lorenzano (2014). What is the Status of the Hardy-Weinberg Law Within Population Genetics? Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 17:159-172.
    Some philosophers of biology argue that laws or principles in biology are nonempirical, but a priori or analytical, mentioning the Hardy-Weinberg law as an example.
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  47. added 2015-01-23
    Jeanne Peijnenburg & David Atkinson (2014). Biased Coins: A Model for Higher-Order Probabilities. Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 17:241-248.
    Is it coherent to speak of the probability of a probability, and the probability of a probability of a probability, and so on? We show that it is, in the sense that a regress of higher-order probabilities can lead to convergent sequences that determine all these probabilities. By constructing an implementable model which is based on coin-making machines, we demonstrate the consistency of our regress.
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  48. added 2015-01-23
    Jan Faye (2014). Does the Unity of Science Have a Future? Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 17:263-275.
    The program of logical positivism gave inspiration to the unity of science movement. The movement carried the belief that all sciences, including the social sciences and the humanities, ought to share some common language if these disciplines were to be considered genuine sciences.
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  49. added 2015-01-23
    Friedrich Stadler (2014). From the Vienna Circle to the Institute Vienna Circle: On the Viennese Heritage in Contemporary Philosophy of Science. Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 17:9-32.
    The Vienna Circle as part of the intellectual movement of Central European philosophy of science is certainly one of the most important currents for the emergence of modern philosophy of science. Independent from this uncontested historical fact there remains the question of the direct and indirect infl uence, reception and topicality of this scientifi c community in contemporary general philosophy of science as well as in the philosophy of the individual sciences, including the social sciences and humanities.
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  50. added 2015-01-23
    Herlinde Pauer-Studer (2014). Kelsen’s Legal Positivism and the Challenge of Nazi Law. Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 17:223-240.
    In this paper I am going to examine Kelsen’s legal positivism in the light of Nazilegal theory. My claim will be that Kelsen’s thesis that law and morality constitute two distinct normative spheres is highly plausible, but that some of his metaethical assumptions are seriously flawed.
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