Most recently added entries found
Search inside:
(import / add options)   Order:
1 — 50 / 1033
  1. added 2016-06-26
    Saad Rfifi & Fatimazahra Siyouri (forthcoming). Effect of Cavity QED on Entanglement. Foundations of Physics:1-10.
    We use a quantum electrodynamics model, to study the evolution of maximally entangled bipartite states, as well as a maximally entangled tripartite states as a multipartite system. Furthermore, we study the entanglement behaviour of these output states in cavity QED as function of interaction time and the coupling strength. The present study discusses the separability and the entanglement limit of such states after interaction with a cavity QED.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2. added 2016-06-26
    Simon Lohse (forthcoming). Pragmatism, Ontology, and Philosophy of the Social Sciences in Practice. Philosophy of the Social Sciences:0048393116654869.
    In this article, I will discuss two prominent views on the relevance and irrelevance of ontological investigations for the social sciences, namely, ontological foundationalism and anti-ontological pragmatism. I will argue that both views are unsatisfactory. The subsequent part of the article will introduce an alternative role for ontological projects in the philosophy of the social sciences that fares better in this respect by paying attention to the ontological assumptions of actual social scientific theories, models, and related explanatory practices. I will (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  3. added 2016-06-26
    Takayuki Miyadera (forthcoming). Energy-Time Uncertainty Relations in Quantum Measurements. Foundations of Physics:1-29.
    Quantum measurement is a physical process. A system and an apparatus interact for a certain time period, and during this interaction, information about an observable is transferred from the system to the apparatus. In this study, we quantify the energy fluctuation of the quantum apparatus required for this physical process to occur autonomously. We first examine the so-called standard model of measurement, which is free from any non-trivial energy–time uncertainty relation, to find that it needs an external system that switches (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4. added 2016-06-26
    Kevin M. Cahill (forthcoming). The Habitus, Coping Practices, and the Search for the Ground of Action. Philosophy of the Social Sciences:0048393116654664.
    The article shows how in Outline of a Theory of Practice Pierre Bourdieu relies on a kind of philosophical myth in his attempt to dispel structuralist accounts of action. Section 2 is a summary of Bourdieu’s use of the concept of habitus against intellectualism and structuralism. Schatzki’s criticism of Bourdieu from a purportedly Wittgensteinian perspective is also examined. Section 3 relates Bourdieu’s use of habitus to a debate between Hubert Dreyfus and John McDowell about the role of concepts in action. (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  5. added 2016-06-26
    Hannes Rusch, Robert Böhm & Benedikt Herrmann (2016). Editorial: Parochial Altruism – Pitfalls and Prospects. Frontiers in Psychology 7 (1004).
    The ten original studies included in this Research Topic investigate selected assumptions and predictions of parochial altruism theory in detail. We, the editors, are convinced that their highly instructive findings will help researchers interested in parochial altruism, but also in intergroup psychology more generally, to gain a much more fine-grained understanding of the interplay of altruistic and spiteful motives in human decision making in the context of intergroup relations. The broad range of disciplines represented by the authors contributing to this (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  6. added 2016-06-26
    Hannes Rusch, Robert Böhm & Benedikt Herrmann (2016). Editorial: Parochial Altruism – Pitfalls and Prospects. Frontiers in Psychology 7 (1004).
    The ten original studies included in this Research Topic investigate selected assumptions and predictions of parochial altruism theory in detail. We, the editors, are convinced that their highly instructive findings will help researchers interested in parochial altruism, but also in intergroup psychology more generally, to gain a much more fine-grained understanding of the interplay of altruistic and spiteful motives in human decision making in the context of intergroup relations. The broad range of disciplines represented by the authors contributing to this (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  7. added 2016-06-26
    Hannes Rusch, Robert Böhm & Benedikt Herrmann (2016). Editorial: Parochial Altruism – Pitfalls and Prospects. Frontiers in Psychology 7 (1004).
    The ten original studies included in this Research Topic investigate selected assumptions and predictions of parochial altruism theory in detail. We, the editors, are convinced that their highly instructive findings will help researchers interested in parochial altruism, but also in intergroup psychology more generally, to gain a much more fine-grained understanding of the interplay of altruistic and spiteful motives in human decision making in the context of intergroup relations. The broad range of disciplines represented by the authors contributing to this (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  8. added 2016-06-26
    Hannes Rusch, Robert Böhm & Benedikt Herrmann (2016). Editorial: Parochial Altruism – Pitfalls and Prospects. Frontiers in Psychology 7 (1004).
    The ten original studies included in this Research Topic investigate selected assumptions and predictions of parochial altruism theory in detail. We, the editors, are convinced that their highly instructive findings will help researchers interested in parochial altruism, but also in intergroup psychology more generally, to gain a much more fine-grained understanding of the interplay of altruistic and spiteful motives in human decision making in the context of intergroup relations. The broad range of disciplines represented by the authors contributing to this (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  9. added 2016-06-25
    Mario Alai (forthcoming). Lewis, Change and Temporary Intrinsics. Axiomathes:1-21.
    This is an attempt to sort out what is it that makes many of us uncomfortable with the perdurantist solution to the problem of change. Lewis argues that only perdurantism can reconcile change with persistence over time, while neither presentism nor endurantism can. So, first, I defend the endurantist solution to the problem of change, by arguing that what is relative to time are not properties, but their possession. Second, I explore the anti-perdurantist strategy of arguing that Lewis cannot solve (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  10. added 2016-06-25
    Ian Jarvie (forthcoming). Mead and the Trajectory of Anthropology in the United States. Philosophy of the Social Sciences:0048393116654860.
    Peter Mandler’s Return from the Natives examines Margaret Mead mid-career when she devoted much energy to promoting anthropology and anthropologists to government and industry and positioned herself as a prominent social commentator. By the time she returned to the field after an interlude of 14 years, something had happened to her professionally: she was treated as a bit of an embarrassment, no longer a scientific heavyweight, and much of this stems from the rather hare-brained “culture cracking” she engaged in during (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  11. added 2016-06-25
    Denis J. Hilton, John McClure & Briar Moir (forthcoming). Acting Knowingly: Effects of the Agent's Awareness of an Opportunity on Causal Attributions. Thinking and Reasoning:1-34.
    ABSTRACTAccording to difference-based models of causal judgement, the epistemic state of the agent should not affect judgements of cause. Four experiments examined opportunity chains in which a physical event enabled a subsequent proximal cause to produce an outcome. All four experiments showed that when the proximal cause was a human action, it was judged as more causal if the agent was aware of his opportunity than if he was not or if the proximal cause was a physical event. The first (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  12. added 2016-06-25
    Todd A. Oliynyk (forthcoming). Classical-Quantum Limits. Foundations of Physics:1-22.
    We introduce a new approach to analyzing the interaction between classical and quantum systems that is based on a limiting procedure applied to multi-particle Schrödinger equations. The limit equations obtained by this procedure, which we refer to as the classical-quantum limit, govern the interaction between classical and quantum systems, and they possess many desirable properties that are inherited in the limit from the multi-particle quantum system. As an application, we use the classical-quantum limit equations to identify the source of the (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  13. added 2016-06-25
    George Masterton, Frank Zenker & Peter Gärdenfors (forthcoming). Using Conceptual Spaces to Exhibit Conceptual Continuity Through Scientific Theory Change. European Journal for Philosophy of Science:1-24.
    There is a great deal of justified concern about continuity through scientific theory change. Our thesis is that, particularly in physics, such continuity can be appropriately captured at the level of conceptual frameworks using conceptual space models. Indeed, we contend that the conceptual spaces of three of our most important physical theories—Classical Mechanics, Special Relativity Theory, and Quantum Mechanics —have already been so modelled as phase-spaces. Working with their phase-space formulations, one can trace the conceptual changes and continuities in transitioning (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  14. added 2016-06-25
    Fabio Costa & Sally Shrapnel (2016). Quantum Causal Modelling. New Journal of Physics 18 (6):063032.
    Causal modelling provides a powerful set of tools for identifying causal structure from observed correlations. It is well known that such techniques fail for quantum systems, unless one introduces 'spooky' hidden mechanisms. Whether one can produce a genuinely quantum framework in order to discover causal structure remains an open question. Here we introduce a new framework for quantum causal modelling that allows for the discovery of causal structure. We define quantum analogues for core features of classical causal modelling techniques, including (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  15. added 2016-06-25
    Ioan Muntean & Don Howard (2016). A Minimalist Model of the Artificial Autonomous Moral Agent (AAMA). In SSS-16 Symposium Technical Reports. Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence. AAAI
    This paper proposes a model for an artificial autonomous moral agent (AAMA), which is parsimonious in its ontology and minimal in its ethical assumptions. Starting from a set of moral data, this AAMA is able to learn and develop a form of moral competency. It resembles an “optimizing predictive mind,” which uses moral data (describing typical behavior of humans) and a set of dispositional traits to learn how to classify different actions (given a given background knowledge) as morally right, wrong, (...)
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  16. added 2016-06-25
    Enrique Morata (2016). Los robots médicos. Academia Edu 1:1-12.
    Sobre los robots como mejores médicos que los humanos.
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  17. added 2016-06-25
    Gilberto Leocádio de Lima Filho (2015). Reflexões sobre illness E disease. Saberes Em Perspectiva 5 (13):7-24.
    This essay is dedicated to discuss the elements contained in the concepts of illness and disease proposed by Dr. Arthur Kleinman ; ); specifically in Chapter II of his book "The illness narratives: surfering, healing and the human condition. In this work Kleinman will detail the phenomenon of disease and its afflictions with consequences on the psychological and social reactions. That is, the disease having an effect on the illness. The key question that this essay proposes is to think of (...)
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18. added 2016-06-25
    Chris F. Taylor, Dawn Field, Susanna-Assunta Sansone, Jan Aerts, Rolf Apweiler, Michael Ashburner, Catherine A. Ball, Pierre-Alain Binz, Molly Bogue, Tim Booth, Alvis Brazma, Ryan R. Brinkman, Adam Michael Clark, Eric W. Deutsch, Oliver Fiehn, Jennifer Fostel, Peter Ghazal, Frank Gibson, Tanya Gray, Graeme Grimes, John M. Hancock, Nigel W. Hardy, Henning Hermjakob, Randall K. Julian, Matthew Kane, Carsten Kettner, Christopher Kinsinger, Eugene Kolker, Martin Kuiper, Nicolas Le Novere, Jim Leebens-Mack, Suzanna E. Lewis, Phillip Lord, Ann-Marie Mallon, Nishanth Marthandan, Hiroshi Masuya, Ruth McNally, Alexander Mehrle, Norman Morrison, Sandra Orchard, John Quackenbush, James M. Reecy, Donald G. Robertson, Philippe Rocca-Serra, Henry Rodriguez, Heiko Rosenfelder, Javier Santoyo-Lopez, Richard H. Scheuermann, Daniel Schober, Barry Smith & Jason Snape (2008). Promoting Coherent Minimum Reporting Guidelines for Biological and Biomedical Investigations: The MIBBI Project. Nature Biotechnology 26 (8):889-896.
    Throughout the biological and biomedical sciences there is a growing need for, prescriptive ‘minimum information’ (MI) checklists specifying the key information to include when reporting experimental results are beginning to find favor with experimentalists, analysts, publishers and funders alike. Such checklists aim to ensure that methods, data, analyses and results are described to a level sufficient to support the unambiguous interpretation, sophisticated search, reanalysis and experimental corroboration and reuse of data sets, facilitating the extraction of maximum value from data sets (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  19. added 2016-06-25
    Alfred Gierer (2002). Cusanus - Philosophie im Vorfeld moderner Naturwissenschaft. Königshausen&Neumann.
    Nikolaus von Kues ist eine der faszinierendsten Persönlichkeiten im Übergang vom Mittelalter zur Neuzeit. Während seine theologischen und neuplatonischen Vorstellungen viel beachtet werden, gilt das weniger für seine naturphilosophischen Ideen: Wie Gott die Welt in Wirklichkeit, so schafft der Mensch sie in Gedanken. Beobachtung, Experiment und Mathematik sind zum Verständnis der Natur notwendig. Die biblische Überlieferung ist nicht wörtlich zu nehmen. Er propagierte ein fast unendliches Universum ohne Mittelpunkt und Begrenzung mit einer sich bewegenden Erde. Besonders bedeutsam im Hinblick auf (...)
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  20. added 2016-06-24
    Isaac Wilhelm, Chaos Regained: On the Possibility of a New Era of Orbital Dynamics.
    In this paper I explore how the nature, scope, and limits of the knowledge obtained in orbital dynamics—the science concerned with the motions of bodies in the solar system—has changed in recent years. Innovations in the design of spacecraft trajectories, as well as in astronomy, have led to a new hybrid of theory and experiment, and suggest that the kind of knowledge achieved in orbital dynamics today is dramatically different from the knowledge achieved prior to those innovations. Thus, orbital dynamics (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  21. added 2016-06-24
    Michael Baumgartner & Lorenzo Casini (forthcoming). An Abductive Theory of Constitution. Philosophy of Science.
    The first part of this paper finds Craver’s (2007) mutual manipulability theory (MM) of constitution inadequate, as it definitionally ties constitution to the feasibility of idealized experiments, which, however, are unrealizable in principle. As an alternative, the second part develops an abductive theory of constitution (NDC), which exploits the fact that phenomena and their constituents are unbreakably coupled via common causes. The best explanation for this common-cause coupling is the existence of an additional dependence relation, viz. constitution. Apart from adequately (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  22. added 2016-06-24
    Mark Helmsing (forthcoming). Becoming-American: Experiencing the Nation Through LGBT Fabulation in a Ninth Grade U.S. History Class. Journal of Social Studies Research.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  23. added 2016-06-24
    V. T. Cheshko, L. V. Ivanitskaya & V. I. Glazko (2016). EVOLUTIONARY RISK OF HIGH HUME TECHNOLOGIES. Article 3. EVOLUTIONARY SEMANTICS AND BIOETHICS. Integrative Annthropology (1):21-27.
    The co-evolutionary concept of three-modal stable evolutionary strategy of Homo sapiens is developed. The concept based on the principle of evolutionary complementarity of anthropogenesis: value of evolutionary risk and evolutionary path of human evolution are defined by descriptive (evolutionary efficiency) and creative-teleological (evolutionary correctness) parameters simultaneously, that cannot be instrumental reduced to other ones. Resulting volume of both parameters define the vectors of biological, social, cultural and techno-rationalistic human evolution by two gear mechanism — genetic and cultural co-evolution and techno-humanitarian (...)
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
      Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  24. added 2016-06-24
    D. M. Armstrong (2016). What is a Law of Nature? Cambridge University Press.
    First published in 1985, D. M. Armstrong's original work on what laws of nature are has continued to be influential in the areas of metaphysics and philosophy of science. Presenting a definitive attack on the sceptical Humean view, that laws are no more than a regularity of coincidence between stances of properties, Armstrong establishes his own theory and defends it concisely and systematically against objections. Presented in a fresh twenty-first-century series livery, and including a specially commissioned preface written by Marc (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  25. added 2016-06-24
    V. T. Cheshko, L. V. Ivanitskaya & V. I. Glazko (2015). EVOLUTIONARY RISK OF HIGH HUME TECHNOLOGIES. Article 2. THE GENESIS AND MECHANISMS OF EVOLUTIONARY RISK. Integrative Anthropology (1):4-15.
    Sources of evolutionary risk for stable strategy of adaptive Homo sapiens are an imbalance of: (1) the intra-genomic co-evolution (intragenomic conflicts); (2) the gene-cultural co-evolution; (3) inter-cultural co-evolution; (4) techno-humanitarian balance; (5) inter-technological conflicts (technological traps). At least phenomenologically the components of the evolutionary risk are reversible, but in the aggregate they are in potentio irreversible destructive ones for biosocial, and cultural self-identity of Homo sapiens. When the actual evolution is the subject of a rationalist control and/or manipulation, the magnitude (...)
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
      Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  26. added 2016-06-24
    Federico Zalamea (2015). The Mathematical Description of a Generic Physical System. Topoi 34:339-348.
    When dealing with a certain class of physical systems, the mathematical characterization of a generic system aims to describe the phase portrait of all its possible states. Because they are defined only up to isomorphism, the mathematical objects involved are ‘‘schematic struc- tures’’. If one imposes the condition that these mathemat- ical definitions completely capture the physical information of a given system, one is led to a strong requirement of individuation for physical states. However, we show there are not enough (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  27. added 2016-06-24
    D. Sen (2014). The Uncertainty Relations in Quantum Mechanics. Current Science 107 (7):203-218.
    The notion of uncertainty in the description of a physical system has assumed prodigious importance in the development of quantum theory. Overcoming the early misunderstanding and confusion, the concept grew continuously and still remains an active and fertile research field. Curious new insights and correlations are gained and developed in the process with the introduction of new ‘measures’ of uncertainty or indeterminacy and the development of quantum measurement theory. In this article we intend to reach a fairly uptodate status report (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  28. added 2016-06-24
    V. T. Cheshko, L. V. Ivanitskaya & V. I. Glazko (2014). EVOLUTIONARY RISK OF HIGH HUME TECHNOLOGIES. Article 1. STABLE ADAPTIVE STRATEGY OF HOMO SAPIENS. Integrative Anthropology (2):4-14.
    Stable adaptive strategy of Homo sapiens (SASH) is a result of the integration in the three-module fractal adaptations based on three independent processes of generation, replication, and the implementation of adaptations — genetic, socio-cultural and symbolic ones. The evolutionary landscape SASH is a topos of several evolutionary multi-dimensional vectors: 1) extraversional projective-activity behavioral intention (adaptive inversion 1), 2) mimesis (socio-cultural inheritance), 3) social (Machiavellian) intelligence, 4) the extension of inter-individual communication beyond their own social groups and their own species in (...)
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
      Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  29. added 2016-06-24
    Jérôme Auvinet (2014). Tra politica, scienza e società: l’impegno del matematico francese Charles-Ange Laisant (1841-1920). Lettera Matematica Pristem 91:40-47.
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  30. added 2016-06-24
    Angela Axworthy (2011). Le statut des mathématiques en France au XVIe siècle: le cas d’Oronce Fine. Dissertation, Université de Tours
    Cette thèse se propose de déterminer les apports d’Oronce Fine à la philosophie des mathématiques de la Renaissance. En tant que premier titulaire de la première chaire royale de mathématiques, ce mathématicien a joué un rôle important dans la revalorisation de l’enseignement des mathématiques dans la Fran¬ce du XVIe siècle. Dans cette mesure, sa conception des mathématiques permet de montrer l’évolution du statut épistémologique et institutionnel de ces disciplines dans le milieu académique parisien de cette période. Parmi les thèmes abordés (...)
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  31. added 2016-06-23
    Ken Binmore (forthcoming). Patrick Suppes and Game Theory. Journal of Economic Methodology:1-11.
    This article is a contribution to a symposium celebrating the life of Patrick Suppes. It describes the context in which he made contributions relevant to two extremes of the game theory spectrum. At one extreme, he made an experimental study of whether laboratory subjects learn to use Von Neumann’s minimax theory in games of pure conflict. At the other extreme, he invented a theory of empathetic identification that lies at the root of an approach to making interpersonal comparisons needed for (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  32. added 2016-06-23
    Piotr Błaszczyk, Vladimir Kanovei, Karin U. Katz, Mikhail G. Katz, Taras Kudryk, Thomas Mormann & David Sherry (forthcoming). Is Leibnizian Calculus Embeddable in First Order Logic? Foundations of Science:1-15.
    To explore the extent of embeddability of Leibnizian infinitesimal calculus in first-order logic and modern frameworks, we propose to set aside ontological issues and focus on procedural questions. This would enable an account of Leibnizian procedures in a framework limited to FOL with a small number of additional ingredients such as the relation of infinite proximity. If, as we argue here, first order logic is indeed suitable for developing modern proxies for the inferential moves found in Leibnizian infinitesimal calculus, then (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  33. added 2016-06-23
    Thomas Bartelborth (forthcoming). How Strong is the Confirmation of a Hypothesis by Significant Data? Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie:1-15.
    The aim of the article is to propose a way to determine to what extent a hypothesis H is confirmed if it has successfully passed a classical significance test. Bayesians have already raised many serious objections against significance testing, but in doing so they have always had to rely on epistemic probabilities and a further Bayesian analysis, which are rejected by classical statisticians. Therefore, I will suggest a purely frequentist evaluation procedure for significance tests that should also be accepted by (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  34. added 2016-06-23
    Guram Bezhanishvili, Nick Bezhanishvili & Julia Ilin (forthcoming). Cofinal Stable Logics. Studia Logica:1-31.
    We generalize the \}\)-canonical formulas to \}\)-canonical rules, and prove that each intuitionistic multi-conclusion consequence relation is axiomatizable by \}\)-canonical rules. This yields a convenient characterization of stable superintuitionistic logics. The \}\)-canonical formulas are analogues of the \}\)-canonical formulas, which are the algebraic counterpart of Zakharyaschev’s canonical formulas for superintuitionistic logics. Consequently, stable si-logics are analogues of subframe si-logics. We introduce cofinal stable intuitionistic multi-conclusion consequence relations and cofinal stable si-logics, thus answering the question of what the analogues of cofinal (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  35. added 2016-06-23
    Peter Vogt (2016). What Was “Geschichtsphilosophie”? Journal of the Philosophy of History 10 (2):195-210.
    _ Source: _Volume 10, Issue 2, pp 195 - 210 This paper looks at modern philosophy of history in the sense of the German concept of “Geschichtsphilosophie”. “Geschichtsphilosophie”, as it was formulated since the heydays of German Idealism, always implied the belief that it is possible to make true statements about the future. I will take a closer look at such a version of philosophy of history by reconstructing Odo Marquard’s arguments against “Geschichtsphilosophie” and Heinz Dieter Kittsteiner’s defense of it. (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  36. added 2016-06-23
    Greg Fried (2016). A Challenge to Divine Psychologism. Theology and Science 14 (2):175-189.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  37. added 2016-06-23
    James Connelly (2016). Italian Triangulations: R.G. Collingwood and His Italian Colleagues. Journal of the Philosophy of History 10 (2):305-324.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  38. added 2016-06-23
    Martin Jay (2016). Experience and History: Phenomenological Perspectives and the Historical World_ _, Written by David Carr. Journal of the Philosophy of History 10 (2):325-331.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  39. added 2016-06-23
    Lloyd Humberstone (2016). Philosophical Applications of Modal Logic. College Publications.
  40. added 2016-06-23
    Tony Cheng (2016). A Plea for the Plurality of Function. Review of Contemporary Philosophy 15:70-81.
    In this paper I defend a pluralistic approach in understanding function, both in biological and other contexts. Talks about function are ubiquitous and crucial in biology, and it might be the key to bridge the “manifest image” and the “scientific image” identified by Sellars (1962). However, analysis of function has proven to be extremely difficult. The major puzzle is to make sense of “time-reversed causality”: how can property P be the cause of its realizer R? For example, “pumping blood” is (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  41. added 2016-06-23
    James Alexander (2016). The Philosophy of Political History in Oakeshott and Collingwood. Journal of the Philosophy of History 10 (2):279-303.
    _ Source: _Volume 10, Issue 2, pp 279 - 303 Every political philosopher has a philosophy of political history, if sometimes not a very good one. Oakeshott and Collingwood are two twentieth century political philosophers who were particularly concerned with the significance of history for political philosophy; and who both, in the 1940s, sketched what I call philosophies of political history: that is, systematic schemes which could make sense of the entire history of political philosophy. In this article I observe (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  42. added 2016-06-23
    Gabriel Vacariu & Mihai Vacariu (2016). Materie intunecata si energie intunecata, spatiu si timp si alte pseudo-notiuni in cosmologie. Datagroup.
    “Materie întunecată și energie întunecată. Iată două noțiuni problematice cărora cosmologii nu le pot atribui încă o definiție satisfăcătoare și nici „materia” sau „forțele” care le guvernează. Două noțiuni care, la ora actuală, pot fi deduse doar din mișcarea stranie a galaxiilor și din modul în care ele se îndepărtează una de cealaltă cu viteză crescândă. Ele nu sunt însă singurele mistere pe care actualul domeniu al cosmologiei nu pare să le fi elucidat. Ce a fost înainte de Big Bang? (...)
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
      Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  43. added 2016-06-23
    D. Timothy Goering (2016). Absolutized Logic is Ideology. Journal of the Philosophy of History 10 (2):170-194.
    _ Source: _Volume 10, Issue 2, pp 170 - 194 This essay wishes to probe why in the 1960s and 1970s the German historical discipline did not integrate debates promoted by analytic philosophy into its own debates about theory of history, even though the topics debated by both camps were strikingly similar. I concentrate on the so-called Positivism Dispute, the Ritter School and research group “Poetik und Hermeneutik” and show how some of the writings of analytic philosophers were received and (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  44. added 2016-06-23
    Mark A. Winstanley (2016). Genetic Epistemology, a Universalist Approach to the History of Science. Journal of the Philosophy of History 10 (2):249-278.
    _ Source: _Volume 10, Issue 2, pp 249 - 278 GER Lloyd discerns two conflicting hypotheses concerning human cognition: cross-cultural universality and cultural relativity. The history of science is one discipline among many actively contributing to our understanding of human cognition at present. Not surprisingly, then, the dichotomy is also present in the history of science. In contrast to current approaches to the history of science, which highlight cultural relativity, genetic epistemology, which is conceived by Jean Piaget as a science (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  45. added 2016-06-23
    Doris Gerber (2016). The Concept of Action and the Relevance of Intentional Collective Action in History. Journal of the Philosophy of History 10 (2):235-247.
    _ Source: _Volume 10, Issue 2, pp 235 - 247 The article starts with the theses that it is the very concept of action that is at stake in many debates between philosophers and historians. Whereas in philosophy actions are conceptualized by reference to their beginning, namely their motives or intentions, in historiography the consequences of actions are much more in the focus of interest. Especially the debate about the dualism of structure and agency is characterized by different concepts of (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  46. added 2016-06-23
    Francisco Javier Lopez Frias & José Luis Pérez Triviño (2016). Will Robots Ever Play Sports? Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 10 (1):67-82.
    This paper addresses the possibility of robots engaging in sports. Recently, several movies like Ex-Machina, Chappi, and Transcendence challenge the spectator to think of the consequences of creating artificial intelligences. Although we refer to athletes who have outstanding sporting performances as machines, for example, in cycling people say ‘the cyclist looked like a machine with wheels,’ the potential participation of such AI in sport has not been addressed. For our argument’s sake, we will assume that the creation of human-like robots (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  47. added 2016-06-23
    Michael Beaney (2016). Historiography, Philosophy of History and the Historical Turn in Analytic Philosophy. Journal of the Philosophy of History 10 (2):211-234.
    _ Source: _Volume 10, Issue 2, pp 211 - 234 This article has three main interconnected aims. First, I illustrate the historiographical conceptions of three early analytic philosophers: Frege, Russell and Wittgenstein. Second, I consider some of the historiographical debates that have been generated by the recent historical turn in analytic philosophy, looking at the work of Scott Soames and Hans-Johann Glock, in particular. Third, I discuss Arthur Danto’s _Analytic Philosophy of History_, published 50 years ago, and argue for a (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  48. added 2016-06-23
    D. Timothy Goering (2016). Introduction to the Forum. Journal of the Philosophy of History 10 (2):163-169.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  49. added 2016-06-23
    Roger Clarke (2015). Preface Writers Are Consistent. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 97 (2).
    The preface paradox does not show that it can be rational to have inconsistent beliefs, because preface writers do not have inconsistent beliefs. I argue, first, that a fully satisfactory solution to the preface paradox would have it that the preface writer's beliefs are consistent. The case here is on basic intuitive grounds, not the consequence of a theory of rationality or of belief. Second, I point out that there is an independently motivated theory of belief – sensitivism – which (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  50. added 2016-06-22
    Andy Norman (forthcoming). Why We Reason: Intention-Alignment and the Genesis of Human Rationality. Biology and Philosophy:1-20.
    Why do humans reason? Many animals draw inferences, but reasoning—the tendency to produce and respond to reason-giving performances—is biologically unusual, and demands evolutionary explanation. Mercier and Sperber advance our understanding of reason’s adaptive function with their argumentative theory of reason. On this account, the “function of reason is argumentative… to devise and evaluate arguments intended to persuade.” ATR, they argue, helps to explain several well-known cognitive biases. In this paper, I develop a neighboring hypothesis called the intention alignment model and (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
1 — 50 / 1033