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  1. added 2014-12-20
    Christopher Gauker (forthcoming). Presuppositions as Anaphoric Duality Enablers. Topoi:1-12.
    The key to an adequate account of presupposition projection is to accommodate the fact that the presuppositions of a sentence cannot always be read off the sentence but can often be identified only on the basis of prior utterances in the conversation in which the sentence is uttered. In addition, an account of presupposition requires a three-valued semantics of assertibility and deniability in a context. Presuppositions can be explicated as sentences that belong to the conversation and the assertibility of which (...)
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  2. added 2014-12-20
    Emily L. McClung & Joanne Kraenzle Schneider (forthcoming). A Concept Synthesis of Academically Dishonest Behaviors. Journal of Academic Ethics:1-11.
    Over the last several decades there has been an increase in the amount of research conducted concerning academically dishonest behaviors at the undergraduate level. However, this research and subsequent interventions are based on the assumptions that there exists a clear understanding of what constitutes academic dishonesty. In an attempt to address this gap in the current literature, a concept synthesis of students’ perceptions of academic behavior was completed. The end result was 18 categories of potentially dishonest academic behaviors. Definitions and (...)
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  3. added 2014-12-20
    Gabriel Vacariu (forthcoming). (2015) The Unbelievable Similarities Between My Ideas and the Ideas of Other People. Bucharest University Press.
    -/- I posted on the Internet (on various webpages) all my first five published books immediately after being published and the majority of my articles published at various journals. So, everybody had immediate access to my works, and therefore could have been possible for someone to write a book/paper with very similar ideas to mine’s in no more than 2 years! Amazingly, the people that are referred to in this book had not published any ideas in the past that were (...)
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  4. added 2014-12-20
    Daniel Shargel (forthcoming). Emotions Without Objects. Biology and Philosophy:1-14.
    It is widely assumed that emotions have particular intentional objects. This assumption is consistent with the way that we talk: when we attribute states of anger, we often attribute anger at someone, or at something. It is also consistent with leading theories of emotion among philosophers and psychologists, according to which emotions are like judgments or appraisals. However, there is evidence from the social psychology literature suggesting that this assumption is actually false. I will begin by presenting a criterion for (...)
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  5. added 2014-12-20
    Darren Natale, Cecilia N. Arighi, Winona C. Barker, Judith A. Blake, Carol J. Bult, Michael Caudy, Harold J. Drabkin, Peter D’Eustachio, Alexei V. Evsikov, Hongzhan Huang, Jules Nchoutmboube, Natalia V. Roberts, Barry Smith, Jian Zhang & Cathy H. Wu (2011). The Protein Ontology: A Structured Representation of Protein Forms and Complexes. Nucleic Acids Research 39 (1):D539-D545.
    The Protein Ontology (PRO) provides a formal, logically-based classification of specific protein classes including structured representations of protein isoforms, variants and modified forms. Initially focused on proteins found in human, mouse and Escherichia coli, PRO now includes representations of protein complexes. The PRO Consortium works in concert with the developers of other biomedical ontologies and protein knowledge bases to provide the ability to formally organize and integrate representations of precise protein forms so as to enhance accessibility to results of protein (...)
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  6. added 2014-12-20
    Cecilia Tohaneanu (2005). Realismul ca filosofie a stiintei/Realism as a Philosophy of Science. Cartea Universitara.
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  7. added 2014-12-19
    Luca Incurvati (forthcoming). On the Concept of Finitism. Synthese.
    At the most general level, the concept of finitism is typically characterized by saying that finitistic mathematics is that part of mathematics which does not appeal to completed infinite totalities and is endowed with some epistemological property that makes it secure or privileged. This paper argues that this characterization can in fact be sharpened in various ways, giving rise to different conceptions of finitism. The paper investigates these conceptions and shows that they sanction different portions of mathematics as finitistic.
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  8. added 2014-12-19
    Sara Heinämaa (2014). Transformations of Old Age: Selfhood, Normativity, and Time. In Silvia Stoller (ed.), Simone de Beauvoir’s Philosophy of Old Age. Indiana University Press. 167-87.
  9. added 2014-12-19
    Christian List, Social Choice Theory. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Social choice theory is the study of collective decision processes and procedures. It is not a single theory, but a cluster of models and results concerning the aggregation of individual inputs (e.g., votes, preferences, judgments, welfare) into collective outputs (e.g., collective decisions, preferences, judgments, welfare). Central questions are: How can a group of individuals choose a winning outcome (e.g., policy, electoral candidate) from a given set of options? What are the properties of different voting systems? When is a voting system (...)
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  10. added 2014-12-19
    Sara Heinämaa (2003). Merleau-Ponty’s Dialogue with Descartes: The Living Body and its Position in Metaphysics. In Dan Zahavi, Sara Heinämaa & Hans Ruin (eds.), Metaphysics, Facticity, Interpretation: Phenomenology in the Nordic Countries. Kluwer. 23–48.
  11. added 2014-12-18
    Gabriel Vacariu, Unbelievable Similarities Between Northoff's Ideas (2011-2014) and Vacariu's Ideas (2005-2008).
    Many ideas from Georg Nortoff’s works (published one paper in 2010, mainly his book in 2011, other papers in 2012, 2103, 2014, especially those related to Kant’s philosophy and the notion of the “observer”, the mind-brain problem, default mode network, the self, the mental states and their “correspondence” to the brain) are surprisingly very similar to my ideas published in my article from 2002, 2005 and my book from 2008. In two papers from 2002 (also my paper from 2005 and (...)
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  12. added 2014-12-18
    Haichao Li, Guoqin Ge, Lingmin Liao & Shunbin Feng (forthcoming). Electromagnetically Induced Transparency and Autler–Townes Splitting in a Superconducting Quantum Circuit with a Four-Level V-Type Energy Spectrum. Foundations of Physics:1-13.
    We investigate electromagnetically induced transparency and Autler–Townes splitting in a superconducting quantum circuit with a four-level V-type energy spectrum constructed by two coupled superconducting charge qubits. We show that it is possible for this four-level superconducting system to exhibit multiple dips in the absorption spectrum of a probe field, with at most three dips resulting from a combination of two ATS subsystems, which indicates the breakdown of the traditional correspondence between a \\) -level system and \ dips. It is also (...)
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  13. added 2014-12-18
    Daniel Bosse, Alexander Fick & Tom Poljansek (forthcoming). Husserl, Cassirer, Schlick: “Scientific Philosophy” Between Phenomenology, Neo-Kantianism and Logical Empiricism. Journal for General Philosophy of Science:1-5.
    Since the late nineteenth century ‘Scientific Philosophy’ has become a label ascribed to many research programs. German theoretical philosophy of the early twentieth century was dominated by three different trends—Phenomenology, Neo-Kantianism, and Logical Empiricism: Each trend claimed to represent the ‘Scientific Philosophy’. In this context it is astonishing that we know almost nothing about the relationships between these schools. It is true, all of them rejected the speculative metaphysics found, for example, in German Idealism, but knowledge about other connections is (...)
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  14. added 2014-12-18
    Maria De Bie & Rudi Roose (forthcoming). Voluntarism and Citizenship: A Response to Lena Dominelli. Foundations of Science:1-5.
    This article responds to Dominelli’s contribution by mapping three lines of discussion. The first relates to the issue of how to understand voluntary work with regard to the realization of citizenship. The authors argue that this understanding depends on the way citizenship is conceived. Whereas a rights-based conception of citizenship focuses on issues of equal access to voluntary work, a duty-oriented notion of citizenship tends to see voluntarism as embedded in an educational strategy, alongside professionalized social work. The authors plead (...)
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  15. added 2014-12-18
    Mikael Lindfelt (forthcoming). Meaning of Life in Fragile Witnessing: On Experiencing Radical Uniqueness as Gift and Grace. Foundations of Science:1-5.
    In this comment-response Mikael Lindfelt makes some suggestions to how one could develop the argument for witnessing as experiencing meaningfulness in life as put forward by Nicole Note and Emilie Van Deale. While being positive to the main phenomenological approach, and especially the dialectical relational aspect of the phenomenological argument, Lindfelt uses Alain Badiou’s talk of Event in trying both to develop the phenomenological argument and to point out some idealistic tendencies in the line of the argument. Lindfelt suggests that (...)
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  16. added 2014-12-18
    Jonathan Birch & Samir Okasha (forthcoming). Kin Selection and Its Critics. BioScience.
    Hamilton’s theory of kin selection is the best-known framework for understanding the evolution of social behavior but has long been a source of controversy in evolutionary biology. A recent critique of the theory by Nowak, Tarnita, and Wilson sparked a new round of debate, which shows no signs of abating. In this overview, we highlight a number of conceptual issues that lie at the heart of the current debate. We begin by emphasizing that there are various alternative formulations of Hamilton’s (...)
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  17. added 2014-12-18
    Lamartine de Hollanda Cavalcanti Neto (2014). Eficácia do belo na educação segundo a Psicologia Tomista. Instituto Lumen Sapientiae.
    This book aims to examine the contributions that beauty (pulchrum in Latin) can offer to the educational activity, focusing on the subject from the point of view of Thomistic Psychology. For this, comes to answering some previous criterial and methodological objections to recall thereafter the main points of that psychological conception. The book presents what this conception understands as human powers, their interaction and dynamism, the role of emotions in the latter, and the processes arising from such interaction. In succession, (...)
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  18. added 2014-12-18
    Steven M. Rosen (2014). How Can We Signify Being? Semiotics and Topological Self-Signification. Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy 10 (2):250-277.
    The premise of this paper is that the goal of signifying Being central to ontological phenomenology has been tacitly subverted by the semiotic structure of conventional phenomenological writing. First it is demonstrated that the three components of the conventional sign as defined by C. S. Peirce—the sign-vehicle, object, and interpretant—bear an external relationship to each other. This is linked to the abstractness of alphabetic language, which objectifies nature and splits subject and object. It is the subject-object divide that phenomenology must (...)
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  19. added 2014-12-17
    Iseult Honohan (forthcoming). Meaningfulness: Civic or Political? A Response to Erik Claes’s ‘Civic Meaningfulness’. Foundations of Science:1-3.
    This reply examines to what extent Claes’s qualitative research on volunteers, meaningfulness and citizenship mirrors dimensions of republican citizenship. Republican citizenship brings together the idea of freedom as membership of a self-governing community and the ideal of commitment of those members to the common good of the community. According to the author, the idea of republican citizenship that emerges from the interviews is connected with An experience of meaningfulness that is self-fulfilling, but at the same time places life in a (...)
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  20. added 2014-12-17
    Shay Logan (forthcoming). Category Theory is a Contentful Theory. Philosophia Mathematica:nku030.
    Linnebo and Pettigrew present some objections to category theory as an autonomous foundation. They do a commendable job making clear several distinct senses of ‘autonomous’ as it occurs in the phrase ‘autonomous foundation’. Unfortunately, their paper seems to treat the ‘categorist’ perspective rather unfairly. Several infelicities of this sort were addressed by McLarty. In this note I address yet another apparent infelicity.
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  21. added 2014-12-17
    M. Gadella (forthcoming). A Discussion on the Properties of Gamow States. Foundations of Physics:1-21.
    Gamow states are vector states for the pure decaying part of a quantum resonance. We review and analyze the properties of Gamow vectors in different representations. In particular, we discuss the controversial problem of assigning a mean value of the energy for a Gamow state from several points of view. The question on whether a Gamow state is a pure state or not is also analyzed here, as has relevance on the assignation of a non-zero value for the entropy for (...)
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  22. added 2014-12-17
    Peter R. Anstey & Alberto Vanzo (forthcoming). Early Modern Experimental Philosophy. In Justin Sytsma & Wesley Buckwalter (eds.), A Companion to Experimental Philosophy. Blackwell.
    In the mid-seventeenth century a movement of self-styled experimental philosophers emerged in Britain. Originating in the discipline of natural philosophy amongst Fellows of the fledgling Royal Society of London, it soon spread to medicine and by the eighteenth century had impacted moral and political philosophy and even aesthetics. Early modern experimental philosophers gave epistemic priority to observation and experiment over theorising and speculation. They decried the use of hypotheses and system-building without recourse to experiment and, in some quarters, developed a (...)
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  23. added 2014-12-17
    Luca Incurvati & Julien Murzi (forthcoming). Maximally Consistent Sets of Instances of Naive Comprehension. Mind.
    Paul Horwich (1990) once suggested restricting the T-Schema to the maximal consistent set of its instances. But Vann McGee (1992) proved that there are multiple incompatible such sets, none of which, given minimal assumptions, is recursively axiomatizable. The analogous view for set theory---that Naïve Comprehension should be restricted according to consistency maxims---has recently been defended by Laurence Goldstein (2006; 2013). It can be traced back to W.V.O. Quine(1951), who held that Naïve Comprehension embodies the only really intuitive conception of set (...)
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  24. added 2014-12-17
    Lindell Bromham (forthcoming). What is a Gene For? Biology and Philosophy:1-21.
    The word “gene” means different things to different people, and can even be used in multiple ways by the same individual. In this review, I follow a particular thread running through Griffith and Stotz’s “Genetics and Philosophy: an introduction”, which is the way that methods of investigation influence the way we define the concept of “gene”, from nineteen century breeding experiments to twenty-first century big data bioinformatics. These different views lead to a set of gene concepts, which only partially overlap (...)
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  25. added 2014-12-17
    Mark Alfano (forthcoming). Ramsifying Virtue Theory. In , Current Controversies in Virtue Theory. Routledge. 123-35.
    In his contribution, Mark Alfano lays out a new (to virtue theory) naturalistic way of determining what the virtues are, what it would take for them to be realized, and what it would take for them to be at least possible. This method is derived in large part from David Lewis’s development of Frank Ramsey’s method of implicit definition. The basic idea is to define a set of terms not individually but in tandem. This is accomplished by assembling all and (...)
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  26. added 2014-12-17
    Nicholas W. Best (2015). Meta-Incommensurability Between Theories of Meaning: Chemical Evidence. Perspectives on Science 23 (3).
    Attempting to compare scientific theories requires a philosophical model of meaning. Yet different scientific theories have at times—particularly in early chemistry—pre-supposed disparate theories of meaning. When two theories of meaning are incommensurable, we must say that the scientific theories that rely upon them are meta-incommensurable. Meta-incommensurability is a more profound sceptical threat to science since, unlike first-order incommensurability, it implies complete incomparability.
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  27. added 2014-12-17
    Julien Murzi & Massimiliano Carrara (2014). More Reflections on Consequence. Logique Et Analyse 227:223-258.
    This special issue collects together nine new essays on logical consequence :the relation obtaining between the premises and the conclusion of a logically valid argument. The present paper is a partial, and opinionated,introduction to the contemporary debate on the topic. We focus on two influential accounts of consequence, the model-theoretic and the proof-theoretic, and on the seeming platitude that valid arguments necessarilypreserve truth. We briefly discuss the main objections these accounts face, as well as Hartry Field’s contention that such objections (...)
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  28. added 2014-12-17
    Friedrich Reinmuth (2014). Hermeneutics, Logic and Reconstruction. Logical Analysis and History of Philosophy 17:152–190.
    Using a short excerpt from Anselm's Responsio as an example, this paper tries to present logical reconstruction as a special type of exegetical interpretation by paraphrase that is subject to (adapted) hermeneutic maxims and presumption rules that govern exegetical interpretation in general. As such, logical reconstruction will be distinguished from the non-interpretative enterprise of formalization and from the development of theories of logical form, which provide a framework in which formalization and reconstruction take place. Yet, even though logical reconstruction is (...)
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  29. added 2014-12-17
    Friedrich Reinmuth, Geo Siegwart & Christian Tapp (2014). Theory and Practice of Logical Reconstruction – Anselm as a Model Case. Introduction. Logical Analysis and History of Philosophy 17:13–21.
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  30. added 2014-12-17
    Lucas J. Mix (2014). Proper Activity, Preference, and the Meaning of Life. Philosophy and Theory in Biology 6.
    The primary challenge for generating a useful scientific definition of life comes from competing concepts of biological activity and our failure to make them explicit in our models. I set forth a three-part scheme for characterizing definitions of life, identifying a binary , a range , and a preference . The three components together form a proper activity in biology . To be clear, I am not proposing that proper activity be adopted as the best definition of life or even (...)
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  31. added 2014-12-17
    Erica Calardo & Antonino Rotolo (2014). Variants of Multi-Relational Semantics for Propositional Non-Normal Modal Logics. Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 24 (4):293-320.
    A number of significant contributions in the last four decades show that non-normal modal logics can be fruitfully employed in several applied fields. Well-known domains are epistemic logic, deontic logic, and systems capturing different aspects of action and agency such as the modal logic of agency, concurrent propositional dynamic logic, game logic, and coalition logic. Semantics for such logics are traditionally based on neighbourhood models. However, other model-theoretic semantics can be used for this purpose. Here, we systematically study multi-relational structures, (...)
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  32. added 2014-12-17
    Rafal Urbaniak & Paweł Siniło (2014). The Inapplicability of Paraconsistent Logics. Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 24 (4):368-383.
    In some cases one is provided with inconsistent information and has to reason about various consistent scenarios contained within that information. Our goal is to argue that filtered paraconsistent logics are not the right tool to handle such cases and that the problems generalise to a large class of paraconsistent logics. A wide class of paraconsistent logics is obtained by filtration: adding conditions to the classical consequence operation . We start by surveying the most promising candidates and comparing their strengths. (...)
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  33. added 2014-12-17
    Thomas Macaulay Ferguson (2014). A Computational Interpretation of Conceptivism. Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 24 (4):333-367.
    The hallmark of the deductive systems known as ‘conceptivist’ or ‘containment’ logics is that for all theorems of the form , all atomic formulae appearing in also appear in . Significantly, as a consequence, the principle of Addition fails. While often billed as a formalisation of Kantian analytic judgements, once semantics were discovered for these systems, the approach was largely discounted as merely the imposition of a syntactic filter on unrelated systems. In this paper, we examine a number of prima (...)
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  34. added 2014-12-17
    Gemma Robles & José M. Méndez (2014). The Non-Relevant De Morgan Minimal Logic in Routley-Meyer Semantics with No Designated Points. Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 24 (4):321-332.
    Sylvan and Plumwood’s is the relevant De Morgan minimal logic in the Routley-Meyer semantics with a set of designated points. The aim of this paper is to define the logic and some of its extensions. The logic is the non-relevant De Morgan minimal logic in the Routley-Meyer semantics without a set of designated points.
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  35. added 2014-12-17
    Friedrich Reinmuth, Geo Siegwart & Christian Tapp (eds.) (2014). Theory and Practice of Reconstruction: Anselm as a Model Case. Mentis.
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  36. added 2014-12-17
    Gerhard Jäger And Rico Zumbrunnen (2014). Explicit Mathematics and Operational Set Theory: Some Ontological Comparisons. Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 20 (3):275-292,.
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  37. added 2014-12-17
    Julien Murzi (2011). Inferentialism Without Verificationism: Reply to Prawitz. In Emiliano Ippoliti & Carlo Cellucci (eds.), Logic and Knowledge. Cambridge Scholars. 285-90.
    I discuss Prawitz’s claim that a non-reliabilist answer to the question “What is a proof?” compels us to reject the standard Bolzano-Tarski account of validity, andto account for the meaning of a sentence in broadly verificationist terms. I sketch what I take to be a possible way of resisting Prawitz’s claim---one that concedes the anti-reliabilist assumption from which Prawitz’s argument proceeds.
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  38. added 2014-12-17
    Andreas Dorschel (1996). Darwinismus als Kritikverbot. Zu Friedrich August von Hayeks Theorie der Moralevolution. Aufklärung Und Kritik 3 (1):31-40.
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  39. added 2014-12-17
    Andreas Dorschel & Matthias Kettner (1996). Systemrationalität? In Karl-Otto Apel & Matthias Kettner (eds.), Die eine Vernunft und die vielen Rationalitäten. Suhrkamp. 349-372.
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  40. added 2014-12-17
    Andreas Dorschel (1994). Über moralische Bemühungen um Leben. Zeitschrift Für Didaktik der Philosophie Und Ethik 16 (4).
  41. added 2014-12-17
    Andreas Dorschel (1993). Gefühl Als Argument? In Andreas Dorschel, Matthias Kettner, Wolfgang Kuhlmann & Marcel Niquet (eds.), Transzendentalpragmatik. Ein Symposion für Karl-Otto Apel. Suhrkamp. 167-186.
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  42. added 2014-12-17
    Andreas Dorschel (1992). Das Programm ästhetischer Erziehung bei Schiller und beim frühen Nietzsche. Vierteljahrsschrift Für Wissenschaftliche Pädagogik 68 (3):260-284.
  43. added 2014-12-17
    Andreas Dorschel (1990). Darwinism as a Prohibition of Criticism. A commentary on Friedrich August von Hayek’s Theory of Moral Evolution. International Journal of Moral and Social Studies 5 (1):55-66.
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  44. added 2014-12-17
    Andreas Dorschel (1990). Kulturevolution, Biologie und Sprache. Empirische und rationale Selektionskriterien. Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 38 (10):984-992.
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  45. added 2014-12-17
    Andreas Dorschel (1990). Der Mensch als Tier. Anmerkungen zum Programm der ‘human sociobiology’. Prima Philosophia 3 (2).
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  46. added 2014-12-17
    Andreas Dorschel (1990). Die soziobiologische Obsoletierung des ‘Reichs der Zwecke’. Zum Versuch der naturwissenschaftlichen Legitimation einer zynischen Anthropologie. Gregorianum 71 (1):5-22.
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  47. added 2014-12-16
    Brian Key (forthcoming). Fish Do Not Feel Pain and its Implications for Understanding Phenomenal Consciousness. Biology and Philosophy:1-17.
    Phenomenal consciousness or the subjective experience of feeling sensory stimuli is fundamental to human existence. Because of the ubiquity of their subjective experiences, humans seem to readily accept the anthropomorphic extension of these mental states to other animals. Humans will typically extrapolate feelings of pain to animals if they respond physiologically and behaviourally to noxious stimuli. The alternative view that fish instead respond to noxious stimuli reflexly and with a limited behavioural repertoire is defended within the context of our current (...)
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  48. added 2014-12-16
    Nicole Note & Emilie Van Daele (forthcoming). Meaningfulness, Volunteering and Being Moved: The Event of Witnessing. Foundations of Science:1-18.
    This paper draws on an in-depth phenomenological analysis of some interviews taken from volunteers, inviting them to reflect on their lived experiences of meaningfulness in the context of volunteering and citizenship. It is found that while some testimonies reinforce the standard conceptions of meaningfulness, other testimonies vary from it. The main challenge of this contribution consists in phenomenologically describing this alternative picture of meaningfulness, depicted as the event of witnessing. In a final part, the authors consider how volunteering is at (...)
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  49. added 2014-12-16
    Roger Stanev (forthcoming). Early Stopping of RCTs: Two Potential Issues for Error Statistics. Synthese:1-28.
    Error statistics (ES) is an important methodological view in philosophy of statistics and philosophy of science that can be applied to scientific experiments such as clinical trials. In this paper, I raise two potential issues for ES when it comes to guiding, and explaining early stopping of randomized controlled trials (RCTs): (a) ES (via its severity principle) provides limited guidance in cases of early unfavorable trends due to the possibility of trend reversal; (b) ES is silent on how to prospectively (...)
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  50. added 2014-12-16
    Remco Heesen (forthcoming). How Much Evidence Should One Collect? Philosophical Studies:1-15.
    A number of philosophers of science and statisticians have attempted to justify conclusions drawn from a finite sequence of evidence by appealing to results about what happens if the length of that sequence tends to infinity. If their justifications are to be successful, they need to rely on the finite sequence being either indefinitely increasing or of a large size. These assumptions are often not met in practice. This paper analyzes a simple model of collecting evidence and finds that the (...)
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