About this topic
Summary Semi-compatibilism is a view about moral responsibility developed by John Martin Fischer, alone and together with Mark Ravizza. Semi-compatibilism combines agnosticism about the compatibility of free will and determinism with compatibilism about moral responsibility: determinism is no threat to moral responsibility whether or not it threatens free will. Fischer's agnosticism about free will is a product of his reading of debates over the consequence argument, but he maintains that the sense of free will at issue in that debate is not required for moral responsibility. Fischer's work on Frankfurt-style cases develops an alternative basis for the attribution of moral responsibility.
Key works The central work setting out the case for semi-compatibilism is Fischer & Ravizza 1998. Fischer's important work on the consequence argument is best reflected in Fischer 1994. Since the Frankfurt-style cases play such an important role in motivating semi-compatibilism, criticism of the view has often turned on arguments that the cases do not establish the falsity of the principle of alternative possibilities. See especially Widerker 1995 and Speak 2002.
Introductions Fischer 1999;Fischer 2002;
  Show all references
Related categories
Siblings:See also:
134 found
Search inside:
(import / add options)   Order:
1 — 50 / 134
  1. Peter Achinstein (1987). Fischer, John Martin, 215/I28 Fisher, RA, 113/I84 Fogelin, Robert, 265/M5 Foley, Richard, 9, 15, 180/tlO, 264/I9, 280/Il, 313/Tl3. [REVIEW] In Luper-Foy Steven (ed.), The Possibility of Knowledge: Nozick and His Critics. Rowman & Littlefield 327.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2. Gan Hun Ahn (2008). An Analysis of Semi-Compatibilism. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 15:7-12.
    Semi-compatibilists intend to reconcile moral responsibility with causal determinism, even if determinism is incompatible with freedom to do otherwise. For them, moral responsibility does not require free will, which is not a necessary condition for moral responsibility. They agree with the view that causal determinism is incompatible with free will. Free will is incompatible with determinism as well as moral responsibility. Both compatibilists and semi-compatibilists argue for the compatibility between determinism and moral responsibility. However, the latter fails to prove sufficiently (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  3. Roman Altshuler (2015). Free Will, Narrative, and Retroactive Self-Constitution. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 14 (4):867-883.
    John Fischer has recently argued that the value of acting freely is the value of self-expression. Drawing on David Velleman’s earlier work, Fischer holds that the value of a life is a narrative value and free will is valuable insofar as it allows us to shape the narrative structure of our lives. This account rests on Fischer’s distinction between regulative control and guidance control. While we lack the former kind of control, on Fischer’s view, the latter is all that is (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4. Benjamin Bayer (2015). The Elusiveness of Doxastic Compatibilism. American Philosophical Quarterly 52 (3):233-252.
    This paper evaluates recent proposals for compatibilism about doxastic freedom, and attempts to refine them by applying Fischer and Ravizza’s moderate reasons-responsiveness compatibilism to doxastic freedom. I argue, however, that even this refined version of doxastic compatibilism is subject to challenging counter-examples and is more difficult to support than traditional compatibilism about freedom of action. In particular, it is much more difficult to identify convincing examples of the sort Frankfurt proposed to challenge the idea that responsibility requires alternative possibilities.
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  5. Reid Blackman (forthcoming). Why Compatibilists Need Alternative Possibilities. Erkenntnis:1-16.
    Defenders of compatibilism occupy one of two camps: those who think that free will requires the ability to do otherwise, and those who deny this. Those compatibilists who think that free will requires the ability to do otherwise are interested in defending a reading of ‘can’ such that one can do otherwise even if determinism is true. By contrast, those compatibilists who think that free will does not require the ability to do otherwise tend to join incompatibilists in denying that (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  6. André Blom (1993). John Martin Fischer, Ed., The Metaphysics of Death Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 13 (6):307-308.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  7. André Blom (1993). John Martin Fischer, Ed., The Metaphysics of Death. [REVIEW] Philosophy in Review 13:307-308.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  8. Sofia Bonicalzi (2012). John Martin Fischer, Deep Control. Essays on Free Will and Value. Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 3:643.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  9. S. Buss (1997). Fischer, JM-The Metaphysics of Free Will. Philosophical Books 38:117-120.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  10. Sarah Buss (1997). Review of John Fischer's Metaphysics of Free Will. [REVIEW] Philosophical Books 38 (2):117-121.
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  11. Jeremy Byrd (2007). Moral Responsibility and Omissions. Philosophical Quarterly 57 (226):56–67.
    Frankfurt-type examples seem to show that agents can be morally responsible for their actions and omissions even if they could not have done otherwise. Fischer and Ravizza's influential account of moral responsibility is largely based on such examples. I examine a problem with their account of responsibility in cases where we fail to act. The solution to this problem has a surprising and far reaching implication concerning the construction of successful Frankfurt-type examples. I argue that the role of the counterfactual (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  12. David Carr (1989). Responsibility, Character and the Emotions: New Essays in Moral Psychology. [REVIEW] Philosophical Books 30 (4):229-232.
  13. Johnny Cash (2007). John Martin Fischer. In John Martin Fischer (ed.), Four Views on Free Will. Blackwell Pub. 5--44.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  14. Melvin Chen (2014). Strawson Contra Strawson: Moral Responsibility and Semi‐Compatibilism. Philosophical Forum 45 (1):1-15.
    This paper addresses the Basic Argument in favour of incompatibilism, both in its Strawsonian form and in its weakened form (the CDA). After examining the worries raised by this argument, I will defend a version of semi-compatibilism that is motivated by a narrative theory of the self, arguing that moral responsibility is possible even if the thesis of determinism is taken to be incompatible with the thesis of freedom of will. The semi-compatibilist argument that I provide lowers the standard of (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  15. Randolph Clarke (2010). Determinism and Our Self-Conception. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 80 (1):242-250.
    This paper is a contribution to a symposium on John Fischer's MY WAY. In much of that work, Fischer says, he aims to show the "resiliency of our fundamental conception of ourselves as possessing control and being morally responsible agents," and particularly the compatibility of that conception with determinism. I argue that his conclusions leave several important aspects of our ordinary conception of our agency hostage to determinism. Further, there is significant tension between certain of his views. I’ll suggest that (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  16. Randolph Clarke (1997). The Metaphysics of Free Will. [REVIEW] Philosophical Review 106 (3):450-453.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  17. D. Justin Coates & Philip Swenson (2013). Reasons-Responsiveness and Degrees of Responsibility. Philosophical Studies 165 (2):629-645.
    Ordinarily, we take moral responsibility to come in degrees. Despite this commonplace, theories of moral responsibility have focused on the minimum threshold conditions under which agents are morally responsible. But this cannot account for our practices of holding agents to be more or less responsible. In this paper we remedy this omission. More specifically, we extend an account of reasons-responsiveness due to John Martin Fischer and Mark Ravizza according to which an agent is morally responsible only if she is appropriately (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  18. Yishai Cohen (forthcoming). Fischer's Deterministic Frankfurt-Style Argument. Erkenntnis:1-20.
    According to the Dilemma Defense, it is question-begging against the incompatibilist defender of the principle of alternative possibilities (PAP) to assume that the agent in a deterministic Frankfurt-style case (FSC) cannot do otherwise in light of causal determinism, but is nevertheless morally responsible. As a result, Fischer (Philos Rev 119:315–336, 2010; Analysis 73:489–496, 2013) attempts to undermine PAP in a different manner via a deterministic FSC. More specifically, Fischer attempts to show that if causal determinism rules out an agent’s moral (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  19. Enrico A. Colombo (2004). Logica E Metafisica in Kuno Fischer. Unicopli.
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  20. Keith Culver (1999). Fischer, John Martin, and Mark Ravizza. Responsibility and Control: A Theory of Moral Responsibility. Review of Metaphysics 53 (2):444-446.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  21. John J. Davenport (2002). Fischer and Ravizza on Moral Sanity and Weakness of Will. Journal of Ethics 6 (3):235–259.
    This essay evaluates John Martin Fischer and Mark Ravizza's mature semi-compatibilist account of moral responsibility, focusingon their new theory of moderate reasons-responsiveness as a model of "moral sanity." This theory, presented in _Responsibility and Control_, solves many of the problems with Fischer's earlier weak reasons-responsiveness model, such as its unwanted implication that agents who are only erratically responsive to bizarre reasons can be responsible for their acts. But I argue that the new model still faces several problems. It does not (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  22. S. A. Davison (1999). Fischer, JM and Ravizza, M.-Responsibility and Control. Philosophical Books 40:265-266.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  23. Michael Della Rocca (1998). Frankfurt, Fischer and Flickers. Noûs 32 (1):99-105.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  24. A. S. Eshleman (2001). Being is Not Believing: Fischer and Ravizza on Taking Responsibility. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 79 (4):479 – 490.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  25. Jan éstéepâan (1996). J.L. Fischer a Filozofie Xx. Stolet'i Sborn'ik Prac'i K 100. V'yroéc'i Narozen'i. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  26. Robert Faricy (1975). John Passmore, "Man's Responsibility for Nature". [REVIEW] The Thomist 39 (2):431.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  27. John Martin Fischer (2012). Deep Control: A Theory of Moral Responsibility. OUP USA.
    In this collection of essays -- a follow up to My Way and Our Stories -- John Martin Fischer defends the contention that moral responsibility is associated with "deep control". Fischer defines deep control as the middle ground between two untenable extreme positions: "superficial control" and "total control". -/- Our freedom consists of the power to add to the given past, holding fixed the laws of nature, and therefore, Fischer contends, we must be able to interpret (...)
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  28. John Martin Fischer (2009). Our Stories: Essays on Life, Death, and Free Will. Oxford University Press.
    Introduction: "meaning in life and death : our stories" -- John Martin Fischer and Anthony B rueckner, "Why is death bad?", Philosophical studies, vol. 50, no. 2 (September 1986) -- "Death, badness, and the impossibility of experience," Journal of ethics -- John Martin Fischer and Daniel Speak, "Death and the psychological conception of personal identity," Midwest studies in philosophy, vol. 24 -- "Earlier birth and later death : symmetry through thick and thin," Richard Feldman, Kris McDaniel, Jason R. Raibley, eds., (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   13 citations  
  29. John Martin Fischer (2006). My Way: Essays on Moral Responsibility. Oxford University Press.
    This is a selection of essays on moral responsibility that represent the major components of John Martin Fischer's overall approach to freedom of the will and moral responsibility. The collection exhibits the overall structure of Fischer's view and shows how the various elements fit together to form a comprehensive framework for analyzing free will and moral responsibility. The topics include deliberation and practical reasoning, freedom of the will, freedom of action, various notions of control, and moral accountability. (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   49 citations  
  30. John Martin Fischer (2006). The Free Will Revolution (Continued). Journal of Ethics 10 (3):315-345.
    I seek to reply to the thoughtful and penetrating comments by William Rowe, Alfred Mele, Carl Ginet, and Ishtiyaque Haji. In the process, I hope that my overall approach to free will and moral responsibility is thrown into clearer relief. I make some suggestions as to future directions of research in these areas.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   7 citations  
  31. John Martin Fischer (2005). Reply: The Free Will Revolution. Philosophical Explorations 8 (2):145 – 156.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  32. John Martin Fischer (2004). Responsibility and Manipulation. Journal of Ethics 8 (2):145-177.
    I address various critiques of the approach to moral responsibility sketched in previous work by Ravizza and Fischer. I especially focus on the key issues pertaining to manipulation.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   27 citations  
  33. John Martin Fischer (2004). Free Will and Moral Responsibility. In D. Copps (ed.), Handbook on Ethical Theory. Oxford University Press
    Much has been written recently about free will and moral responsibility. In this paper I will focus on the relationship between free will, on the one hand, and various notions that fall under the rubric of “morality,” broadly construed, on the other: deliberation and practical reasoning, moral responsibility, and ethical notions such as “ought,” “right,” “wrong,” “good,” and “bad.” I shall begin by laying out a natural understanding of freedom of the will. Next I develop some challenges to the common-sense (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  34. John Martin Fischer (2002). Frankfurt-Type Examples and Semi-Compatibilism. In Robert H. Kane (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Free Will. Oxford University Press
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   15 citations  
  35. John Martin Fischer (2000). Chicken Soup for the Semi-Compatibilist Soul: Replies to Haji and Kane. Journal of Ethics 4 (4):404-407.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  36. John Martin Fischer (1999). Responsibility and Self-Expression. Journal of Ethics 3 (4):277-297.
    I present two different models of moral responsibility -- two different accounts of what we value in behavior for which the agent can legitimately be held morally responsible. On the first model, what we value is making a certain sort of difference to the world. On the second model, which I favor, we value a certain kind of self-expression. I argue that if one adopts the self-expression view, then one will be inclined to accept that moral responsibility need not require (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   12 citations  
  37. John Martin Fischer (1998). The Metaphysics of Free Will: A Reply to My Critics. Journal of Social Philosophy 29 (2):157-167.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  38. John Martin Fischer (1997). Responsibility, Control, and Omissions. Journal of Ethics 1 (1):45-64.
    Previously, I have argued that moral responsibility for actions is associated with guidance control. This sort of control does not necessarily involve the freedom to do otherwise. In this paper I extend the view to apply to omissions. That is, moral responsibility for an omission is associated with guidance control of that omission. This helps to provide a systematic, unified account of moral responsibility.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  39. John Martin Fischer (1995). The Metasphysics of Free Will: An Essay on Control. Wiley-Blackwell.
    The Metaphysics of Free Will provides a through statement of the major grounds for skepticism about the reality of free will and moral responsibility. The author identifies and explains the sort of control that is associated with personhood and accountability, and shows how it is consistent with causal determinism. In so doing, out view of ourselves as morally responsible agents is protected against the disturbing changes posed by science and religion.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  40. John Martin Fischer (1994). The Metaphysics of Free Will: An Essay on Control. Blackwell.
    The Metaphysics of Free Will provides a through statement of the major grounds for skepticism about the reality of free will and moral responsibility. The author identifies and explains the sort of control that is associated with personhood and accountability, and shows how it is consistent with causal determinism. In so doing, out view of ourselves as morally responsible agents is protected against the disturbing changes posed by science and religion.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   146 citations  
  41. John Martin Fischer, Robert Kane, Derk Pereboom & Manuel Vargas (2009). Four Views on Free Will. Wiley-Blackwell.
    Focusing on the concepts and interactions of free will, moral responsibility, and determinism, this text represents the most up-to-date account of the four major positions in the free will debate. Four serious and well-known philosophers explore the opposing viewpoints of libertarianism, compatibilism, hard incompatibilism, and revisionism The first half of the book contains each philosopher’s explanation of his particular view; the second half allows them to directly respond to each other’s arguments, in a lively and engaging conversation Offers the reader (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  42. John Martin Fischer & Mark Ravizza (1998). Morally Responsible People Without Freedom. In Responsibility and Control: A Theory of Moral Responsibility. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
    In this brief concluding chapter we first wish to present the overall argument of the book in a concise, nontechnical way. We hope this will provide a clear view of the argument. We shall then point to some of the distinctive--and attractive--features of our approach. Finally, we shall offer some preliminary thoughts about extending the account of moral responsibility to apply to emotions.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  43. John Martin Fischer & Mark Ravizza (1998). Responsibility and Control: A Theory of Moral Responsibility. Cambridge University Press.
    This book provides a comprehensive, systematic theory of moral responsibility. The authors explore the conditions under which individuals are morally responsible for actions, omissions, consequences, and emotions. The leading idea in the book is that moral responsibility is based on 'guidance control'. This control has two components: the mechanism that issues in the relevant behavior must be the agent's own mechanism, and it must be appropriately responsive to reasons. The book develops an account of both components. The authors go on (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   285 citations  
  44. Christopher Evan Franklin (2006). Plausibility, Manipulation, and Fischer and Ravizza. Southern Journal of Philosophy 44 (2):173-192.
    The manipulation argument poses a significant challenge for any adequate compatibilist theory of agency. The argument maintains that there is no relevant difference between actions or pro-attitudes that are induced by nefarious neurosurgeons, God, or (and this is the important point) natural causes. Therefore, if manipulation is thought to undermine moral responsibility, then so also ought causal determinism. In this paper, I will attempt to bolster the plausibility of John Martin Fischer and Mark Ravizza’s semicompatibilist theory of moral responsibility by (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  45. Michael Garnett (2013). Fischer-Style Compatibilism. Analysis 73 (2):387-397.
    This is a critical review essay of John Martin Fischer's Deep Control: Essays on Free Will and Value.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (15 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  46. Carl Ginet (1998). John Fischer, The Metaphysics of Free Will. Journal of Social Philosophy 29 (2):126-134.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  47. Ginsberg Ginsberg (1935). Fischer, Friedrich Carl, Die Nullpunktexistenz. Studies in Philosophy and Social Science 4:100.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  48. W. Glannon (1999). Responsibility and Control: Fischer's and Ravizza's Theory of Moral Responsibility. [REVIEW] Law and Philosophy 18 (2):187-213.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  49. Walter Glannon (1997). Semicompatibilism and Anomalous Monism. Philosophical Papers 26 (3):211-231.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  50. Susan Gottlöber (2011). Thomas Bedorf/Joachim Fischer/Gesa Lindemann (Hgg.), Theorien des Dritten. Innovationen in Soziologie und Sozialphilosophie. Philosophisches Jahrbuch 118 (2):421.
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
1 — 50 / 134