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Sex Selection

Edited by Ruchika Mishra (Program in Medicine and Human Values, California Pacific Medical Center)
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  1. T. Chappell (1997). Sex Selection for Non-Medical Reasons: Advisory Report of the Standing Committee on Medical Ethics and Health Law of the Health Council of the Netherlands. Journal of Medical Ethics 23 (2):120-121.
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  2. Carl H. Coleman (2001). Is There a Constitutional Right to Preconception Sex Selection? American Journal of Bioethics 1 (1):27 – 28.
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  3. Jenny Dai (2001). Preconception Sex Selection: The Perspective of a Person of the Undesired Gender. American Journal of Bioethics 1 (1):37 – 38.
    (2001). Preconception Sex Selection: The Perspective of a Person of the Undesired Gender. The American Journal of Bioethics: Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 37-38.
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  4. Inmaculada de Melo-Martín (2013). Sex Selection and the Procreative Liberty Framework. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 23 (1):1-18.
    Although surprising to some proponents of sex selection for non-medical reasons (Dahl 2005), a considerable amount of critical debate has been raised by this practice (Blyth, Frith, and Crawshaw 2008; Dawson and Trounson 1996; Dickens 2002; Harris 2005; Heyd 2003; Holm 2004; Macklin 2010; Malpani 2002; McDougall 2005; Purdy 2007; Seavilleklein and Sherwin 2007; Steinbock 2002; Strange and Chadwick 2010; Wilkinson 2008). While abortion or infanticide has long been used as means of sex selection, a new technology—preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD)—has (...)
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  5. B. M. Dickens (2002). Can Sex Selection Be Ethically Tolerated? Journal of Medical Ethics 28 (6):335-336.
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  6. Richard V. Grazi, Joel B. Wolowelsky & David J. Krieger (2008). Sex Selection by Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) for Nonmedical Reasons in Contemporary Israeli Regulations. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 17 (03):293-299.
    We report here on recent developments in Israel on the issue of sex selection for nonmedical reasons by preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD). Sex selection for medical reasons (such as in cases of sex-linked genetic diseases) is generally viewed as uncontroversial and legal in European and American law. Its use for nonmedical reasons (like the gender ratio in a family) is generally illegal in European countries. In the United States, it is not illegal, although in the opinion of the Ethics Committee (...)
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  7. Louis Marx Hall, The Ethics of Using Genetic Engineering for Sex Selection.
    It is quite probable that one will soon be able to use genetic engineering to select the gender of one’s child by directly manipulating the sex of an embryo. Some might think that this method would be a more ethical method of sex selection than present technologies such as preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD), since, unlike PGD, it does not need to create and destroy “wrong-gendered” embryos. This paper argues that those who object to present technologies on the ground that the (...)
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  8. J. Harris (2005). No Sex Selection Please, We're British. Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (5):286-288.
    There is a popular and widely accepted version of the precautionary principle which may be expressed thus: “If you are in a hole—stop digging!”. Tom Baldwin, as Deputy Chair of the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority , may be excused for rushing to the defence of the indefensible,1 the HFEA’s sex selection report,2 but not surely for recklessly abandoning so prudent a principle. Baldwin has many complaints about my misrepresenting the HFEA and about my supposed elitist contempt for public opinion; (...)
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  9. J. Harris (2005). Sex Selection and Regulated Hatred. Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (5):291-294.
    This paper argues that the HFEA’s recent report on sex selection abdicates its responsibility to give its own authentic advice on the matters within its remit, that it accepts arguments and conclusions that are implausible on the face of it and where they depend on empirical claims, produces no empirical evidence whatsoever, but relies on reckless speculation as to what the “facts” are likely to be. Finally, having committed itself to what I call the “democratic presumption”, that human freedom will (...)
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  10. Peter Herissone-Kelly (2007). Parental Love and the Ethics of Sex Selection. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 16 (03):326-335.
    In 2003, the United Kingdom's Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority published a report entitled Sex Selection: Options for Regulation. The report outlined the findings of a 2-year review of available sex selection techniques and recommended that the United Kingdom ought not to permit any regulated technique to be used other than for medical reasons . In so doing, it reflected the widespread opinion—repeatedly expressed in the public consultations that formed the cornerstone of the HFEA's review—that there is something ethically unacceptable, (...)
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  11. Peter Herissone-Kelly (2007). The “Parental Love” Objection to Nonmedical Sex Selection: Deepening the Argument. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 16 (04):446-.
    In my paper “Parental Love and the Ethics of Sex Selection,” published in the previous issue of the Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics, I set out to determine whether a plausible argument could be constructed in support of a common intuition about the ethics of sex selection. The intuition in question is that sex selection for nonmedical reasons is incompatible with a proper parental love: that is, with the sort of love that a parent ought to have for her child (...)
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  12. Peter Herissone-Kelly (2006). The Prohibition of Sex Selection for Social Reasons in the United Kingdom: Public Opinion Trumps Reproductive Liberty? Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 15 (03):261-272.
    From 2002 to 2003, the United Kingdom's Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority carried out a review of the available methods of sex selection, the central aims of which were, in the words of the subsequent report.
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  13. Søren Holm (2004). Like a Frog in Boiling Water: The Public, the HFEA and Sex Selection. Health Care Analysis 12 (1):27-39.
    This paper analyses the British Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority's 2002 public consultation on sex selection, a consultation that was mainly concerned with sex selection for non-medical reasons. Based on a close reading of the consultation document and questionnaire it is argued that the consultation is biased towards certain outcomes and can most plausibly be construed as an attempt not to investigate but to influence public opinion.
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  14. Sheri L. Johnson & Neil J. Gemmell (2012). Are Old Males Still Good Males and Can Females Tell the Difference? Bioessays 34 (7):609-619.
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  15. Owen D. Jones (2001). Controlling Consequences of Preconception Sex Selection. American Journal of Bioethics 1 (1):19 – 20.
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  16. Kusum (1993). The Use of Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques for Sex Selection: The Indian Scene. Bioethics 7 (2-3):149-165.
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  17. R. Landau (2008). Sex Selection for Social Purposes in Israel: Quest for the "Perfect Child" of a Particular Gender or Centuries Old Prejudice Against Women? Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (9):e10-e10.
    On 9 May 2005, the Israeli Ministry of Health issued guidelines spelling out the conditions under which sex selection by preimplantation genetic diagnosis for social purposes is to be permitted in Israel. This article first reviews the available medical methods for sex selection, the preference for children of a specific gender in various societies and the ethical controversies surrounding PGD for medical and social purposes in different countries. It focuses then on the question of whether procreative liberty or parental responsibility (...)
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  18. S. Matthew Liao (2005). The Ethics of Using Genetic Engineering for Sex Selection. Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (2):116-118.
    It is quite probable that one will soon be able to use genetic engineering to select the gender of one’s child by directly manipulating the sex of an embryo. Some might think that this method would be a more ethical method of sex selection than present technologies such as preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD), since, unlike PGD, it does not need to create and destroy “wrong-gendered” embryos. This paper argues that those who object to present technologies on the ground that the (...)
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  19. S. Matthew Liao (2005). The Ethics of Using Genetic Engineering for Sex Selection. Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (2):116-118.
    It is quite probable that one will soon be able to use genetic engineering to select the gender of one’s child by directly manipulating the sex of an embryo. Some might think that this method would be a more ethical method of sex selection than present technologies such as preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD), since, unlike PGD, it does not need to create and destroy “wrong-gendered” embryos. This paper argues that those who object to present technologies on the ground that the (...)
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  20. S. Matthew Liao (2005). The Ethics of Using Genetic Engineering for Sex Selection. Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (2):116-118.
    It is quite likely that parents will soon be able to use genetic engineering to select the sex of their child by directly manipulating the sex of an embryo. Some might think that this method would be a more ethical method of sex selection than present technologies such as preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) because, unlike PGD, it does not need to create and destroy “wrong gendered” embryos. This paper argues that those who object to present technologies on the grounds that (...)
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  21. R. McDougall (2005). Acting Parentally: An Argument Against Sex Selection. Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (10):601-605.
    The Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority’s recent restrictive recommendations on sex selection have highlighted the need for consideration of the plausibility of ethical arguments against sex selection. In this paper, the author suggests a parental virtues approach to some questions of reproductive ethics as a superior alternative to an exclusively harm focused approach such as the procreative liberty framework. The author formulates a virtue ethics argument against sex selection based on the idea that acceptance is a character trait of the (...)
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  22. Anna Mudde (2010). "Before You Formed in the Womb I Knew You": Sex Selection and Spaces of Ambiguity. Hypatia 25 (3):553 - 576.
    The spaces provided by biotechnologies of sex selection are rich with epistemological, ontological, and ethical considerations that speak to broadly held social values and epistemic frameworks. In much of the discourse about sex sehction that is not medically indicated, the figure of the "naturally" conceived (future) child is treated as a problem f or parents who want to select the sex of their child. As unknown, that child is ambiguous in terms of sex — "it" is both and neither, and (...)
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  23. Bang Nguyen Pham, Wayne Hall, Peter S. Hill & Chalapati Rao, Analysis of Socio-Political and Health Practices Influencing Sex Ratio at Birth in Viet Nam.
    Viet Nam has experienced rapid social change over the last decade, with a remarkable decline in fertility to just below replacement level. The combination of fertility decline, son preference, antenatal sex determination using ultrasound and sex selective abortion are key factors driving increased sex ratios at birth in favour of boys in some Asian countries. Whether or not this is taking place in Viet Nam as well is the subject of heightened debate. In this paper, we analyse the nature and (...)
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  24. David B. Resnik (2001). Difficulties with Regulating Sex Selection. American Journal of Bioethics 1 (1):21 – 22.
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  25. Rosamond Rhodes (2001). Acceptable Sex Selection. American Journal of Bioethics 1 (1):31 – 32.
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  26. Mark V. Sauer (2001). Preconception Sex Selection: A Commentary. American Journal of Bioethics 1 (1):28 – 29.
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  27. Rosamund Scott (2007). Choosing Between Possible Lives: Law and Ethics of Prenatal and Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis. Hart.
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  28. Victoria Seavilleklein & Susan Sherwin (2006). The Myth of the Gendered Chromosome: Sex Selection and the Social Interest. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 16 (01):7-19.
    Sex selection technologies have become increasingly prevalent and accessible. We can find them advertised widely across the Internet and discussed in the popular media—an entry for “sex selection services” on Google generated 859,000 sites in April 2004. The available services fall into three main types: preconception sperm sorting followed either by intrauterine insemination of selected sperm or by in vitro fertilization ; preimplantation genetic diagnosis , by which embryos created by IVF are tested and only those of the desired sex (...)
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  29. Jenny Slatman, Annemie Halsema & Guy Widdershoven (2010). Sex and Enhancement: A Phenomenological-Existential View. American Journal of Bioethics 10 (7):20-22.
  30. Holly Smith, Amniocentesis for Sex Selection.
    in Ethics, Humanism, and Medicine, ed. Marc Basson (New York: Alan R. Liss, 1980), pp. 81-94.
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  31. Juliet Tizzard (2004). Sex Selection, Child Welfare and Risk: A Critique of the HFEA's Recommendations on Sex Selection. Health Care Analysis 12 (1):61-68.
    This paper will examine the recent Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority public consultation on sex selection. It will review the current regulation on sex selection in the United Kingdom and critically examine the outcomes of the HFEA consultation. The paper will argue that the current ban on embryo sex selection for social reasons and a proposed ban on sperm selection are not justified. There is no evidence for sex selection causing an increase in sex discrimination; creating a slippery slope towards (...)
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  32. Dorothy C. Wertz (2001). Preconception Sex Selection: A Question of Consequences. American Journal of Bioethics 1 (1):36 – 37.
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  33. Sophia Isako Wong (2002). At Home with Down Syndrome and Gender. Hypatia 17 (3):89-117.
    : I argue that there is an important analogy between sex selection and selective abortion of fetuses diagnosed with Down syndrome. There are surprising parallels between the social construction of Down syndrome as a disability and the deeply entrenched institutionalization of sexual difference in many societies. Prevailing concepts of gender and mental retardation exert a powerful influence in constructing the sexual identities and life plans of people with Down syndrome, and also affect their families' lives.
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  34. Julie Zilberberg (2007). Sex Selection and Restricting Abortion and Sex Determination. Bioethics 21 (9):517–519.
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