Bookmark and Share

Skepticism

Edited by John Greco (Saint Louis University)
Assistant editors: Everett C. Fulmer, Krista Hyde
About this topic
Summary Skepticism involves doubt, or at least a reluctance to commit. For example, some philosophers are moral skeptics, claiming that no one can know what is right or wrong. Skepticism about the "external world" is more general, denying that there is knowledge of the world “outside our minds.”  Even more generally, some skeptics claim that there is no knowledge at all.  Philosophers have long explored reasons for and against various skeptical positions and argued about the consequences of adopting various skeptical stances.   In the ancient world, skepticism was recommended as a way of life.  The general claim was that living with an attitude of skeptical doubt is superior (morally and/or practically) to living with an attitude of dogmatic certainty.  In the modern world (i.e., the 1600s through the 1800s), skepticism was more often treated as something to be avoided, and considerable philosophical energy was put into strategies for doing so.  In contemporary philosophy, skepticism is typically framed as a theoretical problem rather than a practical one. The concern is to closely consider the best arguments for skepticism and to explore how best to respond to them.  Attempts to answer skeptical arguments have inspired philosophers to adopt substantive positions in epistemology, but also in ontology, philosophy of mind, philosophy of language, and moral philosophy.  
Key works The Oxford Handbook of Skepticism provides a comprehensive introduction to skeptical arguments and responses to skepticism.  Influential volumes include Popkin 1964Unger 1975Stroud 1984; and Williams 1991.   
Introductions Useful introductory articles include DeRose 1995; Greco 2007Pritchard 2002.
  Show all references
Related categories
Subcategories:See also:History/traditions: Skepticism
3349 found
Search inside:
(import / add options)   Order:
1 — 50 / 3349
Material to categorize
  1. Ferenc András (2010). A Kommunikációs Tér Filozófiája. Gondolat.
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2. Micah Baize (2012). The Skeptic’s Predicament. Southwest Philosophy Review 27 (1):147-155.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  3. Avner Baz (2014). Whose Dream Is It Anyway? International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 4 (3-4):263-287.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4. Kelly Becker (2014). Scepticism and Reliable Belief. Philosophical Review 123 (2):241-244.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  5. James R. Beebe (2015). A Priori Skepticism and the KK Thesis. International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 5 (4):315-326.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  6. P. Beeley (1997). Scepticism and the Continuum. Skepsis: A Journal for Philosophy and Interdisciplinary Research 8.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  7. Paul Benacerraf (1985). Skolem and the Skeptic. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 59:85-115.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  8. Boran Berčić (2001). Skepticism. Theoria 44 (1-4):7-94.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  9. Richard Bett (2015). On Pyrrhonism, Stances, and Believing What You Want. International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 5 (2):126-144.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  10. Bhaswati Bhattacharya (1974). The Concept of Existence and Absolute Skepticism. Indian Philosophical Quarterly 1 (3):241-266.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  11. Laurence BonJour (1987). Nozick, Externalism, and Skepticism. In Luper-Foy Steven (ed.), The Possibility of Knowledge: Nozick and His Critics. Rowman & Littlefield
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  12. Laurence BonJour (1982). Review of James Cornman, Skepticism, Justification, and Explanation. [REVIEW] Philosophical Review 91 (4):612-615.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   12 citations  
  13. Thomas Bonk (2003). Scepticism Under New Colors? Stroud's Criticism of Carnap. In Language, Truth and Knowledge. Kluwer 133--147.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  14. Cristina Borgoni (2014). Debating Self-Knowledge, by Anthony Brueckner and Gary Ebbs. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 93 (1):204-204.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  15. Richard Bosley (1993). On Knowing That One Knows the Logic of Skepticism and Theory.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  16. Aryeh Botwinick (1990). Skepticism. Temple University Press.
    Aryeh Botwinick argues for the recovery of a radical democratic tradition that emphasizes the role of individual participation in the development and control of social and political institutions. Such involvement implies philosophical skepticism—the assumption that the truth about what is the best course of action cannot be known with certainty and that, therefore, every person’s opinion has an equal claim to be considered. The crucial stumbling block to reappropriating this radical egalitarian tradition is the supposed unviability of a consistent skepticism. (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  17. Jochen Briesen (2012). Skeptische Paradoxa –– Die philosophische Skepsis, kognitive Projekte und der epistemische Konsequentialismus. Mentis.
    Die These der philosophischen Skepsis besagt, dass Menschen über keinerlei Wissen bzw. Rechtfertigung verfügen. So unplausibel diese These klingen mag, so überraschend ist es, dass sie gleich durch eine Vielzahl an Argumenten verteidigt werden kann. Die besten dieser Argumente lassen sich in gewisser Hinsicht als Paradoxa verstehen: Aus äußerst plausiblen Prämissen werden in logisch einwandfreier Weise Konklusionen abgeleitet, die sehr unplausibel – ja, geradezu absurd sind. Befriedigende Lösungen skeptischer Paradoxa sind daher unerlässlich, um ein kohärentes Verständnis von Wissen und Rechtfertigung (...)
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18. Brown, S. J. Case & S. J. Brown (1925). Sir William Bragg and Scepticism. Modern Schoolman 2 (2):23-26.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  19. Otávio Bueno (2015). Realism and Anti-Realism About Science. International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 5 (2):145-167.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  20. Christopher T. Buford & Anthony Brueckner (2015). Effective Skeptical Arguments. International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 5 (1):55-60.
    _ Source: _Volume 5, Issue 1, pp 55 - 60 Peter Murphy has argued that effective skeptical scenarios all have the following feature: the subject involved in the scenario does not know that some ordinary proposition is true, even if the proposition is true in the scenario. So the standard “false belief” conception of skeptical scenarios is wrong, since the belief of the targeted proposition need not be mistaken in the scenario. Murphy then argues that this observation engenders a problem (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  21. Patrick Burke (1996). Skepticism and the Question of Community. Research in Phenomenology 26 (1):98-115.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  22. A. Burri (2001). Tolerant Anti-Scepticism. Philosophisches Jahrbuch 108 (1):79-96.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  23. John Mcknight Brayton Bush (1970). Scepticism: A Critical Investigation. Dissertation, University of Washington
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  24. Scott Calef (2007). Distorted View : A Saucerful of Skepticism. In George A. Reisch (ed.), Pink Floyd and Philosophy: Careful with That Axiom, Eugene! Open Court
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  25. John Callanan (2004). Neil Gascoigne, Scepticism. [REVIEW] Philosophy in Review 24:104-106.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  26. Charles Arthur Campbell (1931). Scepticism and Construction. London, G. Allen & Unwin, Ltd..
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  27. H. G. Campbell (1905). Ogers on Scepticism. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 2 (3):80.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  28. Pietro Capitani (2009). Erudizione E Scetticismo in François de la Mothe le Vayer. L.S. Olschki.
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  29. Quassim Cassam, Foreword to P.F. Strawson's Scepticism and Naturalism: Some Varieties.
    In that book I had two different, though not unrelated aims. The first chapter was concerned with traditional scepticisms about, e.g., the external world and induction. In common with Hume and Wittgenstein (and even Heidegger) I argued that the attempt to combat such doubts by rational argument was misguided: for we are dealing here with the presuppositions, the framework, of all human thought and enquiry. In the other chapters my target was different. It was that species of naturalism which tended (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  30. Anjan Chakravartty (2015). Introduction. International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 5 (2):73-79.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  31. Anjan Chakravartty (2015). Suspension of Belief and Epistemologies of Science. International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 5 (2):168-192.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  32. Suresh Chandra (1975). Skepticism, Identity and Interrupted Existence. Indian Philosophical Quarterly 2 (2):113-142.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  33. Erwin Chargaff (1986). Serious Questions: An Abc of Skeptical Reflections. Birkhäuser.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  34. George Chatalian & Roderick M. Chisholm (1991). Epistemology and Skepticism: An Enquiry Into the Nature of Epistemology. Southern Illinois University.
    Convinced that both epistemology and philosophy have gone astray in the twentieth century, George Chatalian seeks to restore the classical tradition in both, in part by marshaling a mass of data about philosophical skepticism throughout the history of philosophy, data which taken as a whole are not to be found in any other work. Despite the extensive historical and linguistic investigations, however, the work is essentially a philosophical one. After outlining the theses he sees as central to the epistemology of (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  35. Ross E. Cheit (1999). Junk Skepticism and Recovered Memory: A Reply to Piper. Ethics and Behavior 9 (4):295 – 318.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  36. Riccardo Chiaradonna (2011). Quel savoir apres le scepticisme? Plotin et ses predecesseurs sur la connaissance de soi, Histoire des doctrines de lantiquite classique 37. International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 5 (1):165-171.
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
      Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  37. Michael Clark (1967). Review of E. Laszlo, Beyond Scepticism and Realism. [REVIEW] Philosophical Quarterly 17.
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  38. James Cleve (1977). Probability and Certainty: A Reexamination of the Lewis-Reichenbach Debate. Philosophical Studies 32 (4):323 - 334.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  39. Tammy clewell (2004). Cavell and the Endless Mourning of Skepticism. Angelaki 9 (3):75 – 87.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  40. Adrian Coates (1929). A Sceptical Examination of Contemporary British Philosophy. London, New York [Etc.]Brentano's Ltd..
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  41. Roben C. Coburn (1990). Evolution and Skepticism. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 71 (1):1-13.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  42. Robert C. Coburn (1990). Evolution and Skepticism. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 71 (1):1.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  43. Lorraine Code (2006). Skepticism and the Lure of Ambiguity. Hypatia 21 (3):222-228.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  44. Stewart Cohen (1991). Skepticism, Relevance, and Relativity. In Brian P. McLaughlin (ed.), Dretske and His Critics. Basil Blackwell 17--37.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
  45. David John Cole (1979). Skepticism and Meaning. Dissertation, University of California, San Diego
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  46. Annalisa Coliva (2012). Scetticismo: Dubbio, Paradosso E Conoscenza. Laterza.
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  47. Juan Comesar'ia (2013). Reply to Pryor. In Matthias Steup & John Turri (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Epistemology. Blackwell 239.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  48. Brett Coppenger & Michael Bergmann (eds.) (2016). Intellectual Assurance: Essays on Traditional Epistemic Internalism. Oxford University Press Uk.
    This volume presents a dozen essays by prominent contemporary epistemologists providing a careful examination and critical evaluation of traditional epistemic internalism. The guiding principle of this doctrine is not to accommodate our commonsense nonskeptical views about the rationality of our ordinary beliefs, but to emphasize the need for philosophical or intellectual assurance that our ordinary beliefs are true. The essays focus on what traditional internalism has to say about the following three topics: the nature of non-inferentially justified belief, the nature (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  49. Daniel Cory (1954). God or the External World. Journal of Philosophy 51 (2):57-61.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  50. S. C. Coval (1966). Scepticism and the First Person. London, Methuen.
    Originally published in 1966. This book considers the perceived asymmetries between the self and others, or between self and things. An indepth analysis of scepticism, dualism, belief, knowledge and semantics. A topic which is central to both epistemology but also the whole of contemporary philosophy.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
1 — 50 / 3349