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Social and Political Philosophy

Assistant editor: Dmitri Pisartchik (University of Western Ontario, University of Toronto)
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  1. added 2016-12-08
    Steinhoff Uwe, Quong on Proportionality in Self-Defense and the “Stringency Principle”.
    Jonathan Quong proposes the following “Stringency Principle” for proportionality in self-defense: “If a wrongful attacker threatens to violate a right with stringency level X, then the level of defensive force it is proportionate to impose on the attacker is equivalent to X.” I adduce a counter-example that shows that this principle is wrong. Furthermore, Quong assumes that what determines the stringency of a person’s right is exclusively the amount of force that one would have to avert from someone else in (...)
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  2. added 2016-12-08
    Ivana Perica (forthcoming). Recognition or Disagreement: A Critical Encounter on the Politics of Freedom, Equality, and Identity. Contemporary Political Theory.
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  3. added 2016-12-08
    Anca Gheaus (forthcoming). Children's Vulnerability and Legitimate Authority Over Children. Journal of Applied Philosophy.
    Children's vulnerability gives rise to duties of justice towards children and determines when authority over them is legitimately exercised. I argue for two claims. First, that children's general vulnerability to objectionable dependency on their care-givers entails that children have a right not to be subject to monopolies of care, and therefore determines the structure of legitimate authority over them. Second, that children's vulnerability to the loss of some special goods of childhood is relevant to the metric of justice towards children (...)
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  4. added 2016-12-08
    Lucas Emmanuel Misseri (2015). Cartografía filosófico-política del ciberespacio: posturas extremas y moderadas. Cuadernos Del Sur. Filosofía (43-44):207-228.
    Information and communication technologies present new challenges for political theory and philosophy due to its large-scale and scope transformations. Their demands are reflected in institutional needs that cover a “cyber-political” space, i. e., a cluster of problems of the governance of the network of networks –Internet– that results in the formation of new institutions –e. g. ICANN. The question I try to answer here is: What characterizes cyberspace political discourses? The proposed hypothesis is that it is possible to interpret the (...)
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  5. added 2016-12-08
    B. van Leeuwen (2010). Dealing with Urban Diversity: Promises and Challenges of City Life for Intercultural Citizenship. Political Theory 38 (5):631-657.
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  6. added 2016-12-07
    Brian Berkey (forthcoming). Obligations of Productive Justice: Individual or Institutional? Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy:1-28.
    If it is a requirement of justice that everyone has access to basic goods and services, then justice requires that the work that is necessary to produce the relevant goods and provide the relevant services is performed. Two widely accepted views, however, together rule out requirements of justice to perform such work. These are, roughly, that the state cannot force people to perform it, and that individuals are not obligated to perform it voluntarily. Lucas Stanczyk argues that we should resolve (...)
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  7. added 2016-12-07
    Brian Berkey (forthcoming). Business Ethics and Free Speech on the Internet. Philosophia:1-9.
    The unique role of the Internet in today’s society, and the extensive reach and potentially profound impact of much Internet content, raise philosophically interesting and practically urgent questions about the responsibilities of various agents, including individual Internet users, governments, and corporations. Raphael Cohen-Almagor’s Confronting the Internet’s Dark Side is an extremely valuable contribution to the emerging discussion of these important issues. In this paper, I focus on the obligations of Internet Service Providers and Web Hosting Services with respect to online (...)
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  8. added 2016-12-07
    Barry Christian & Christie Lars (forthcoming). The Moral Equality of Combatants. In Seth Lazar & Helen Frowe (eds.), The Oxford Handbook to the Philosophy of War. Oxford University Press
    The doctrine of the moral equality of combatants holds that combatants on either side of a war have equal moral status, even if one side is fighting a just war while the other is not. This chapter examines arguments that have been offered for and against this doctrine, including the collectivist position famously articulated by Walzer and McMahan’s influential individualist critique. We also explore collectivist positions that have rejected the moral equality doctrine and arguments that some individualists have offered in (...)
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  9. added 2016-12-06
    J. De Roover & S. N. Balagangadhara (2008). John Locke, Christian Liberty, and the Predicament of Liberal Toleration. Political Theory 36 (4):523-549.
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  10. added 2016-12-05
    Pierre Cloarec (forthcoming). Social Equality and the Global Society. Journal of Moral Philosophy.
    Are democratic egalitarians bound to endorse statism? It seems so, since they insist on democratic reciprocity, and no such relation exists in the global realm. Would it not, then, be inconsistent to endorse both cosmopolitanism and democratic egalitarianism? Democratic egalitarians seemingly face a dilemma: either they accept statism, or they must explain why not. Luck egalitarianism, by contrast, seemingly grounds more straightforwardly the claim that justice is global in scope. My thesis is twofold: first, I show that democratic egalitarians can (...)
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  11. added 2016-12-05
    Michael Moehler (2016). In Defense of a Democratic Productivist Welfare State. European Journal of Philosophy.
    In this article, I defend a democratic form of the productivist welfare state. I argue that this form of the state can best cope, theoretically and practically, with the diversity of deeply morally pluralistic democratic societies for two reasons. First, the justification of this form of the state rests solely on general facts about human nature, basic human needs, and efficiency considerations in a world of moderately scarce resources. Second, this state does not aim to promote a specific view of (...)
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  12. added 2016-12-05
    Marsh Leslie (2016). Philosopher of Precision and Soul: Introducing Walker Percy. Zygon 51 (4):983-998.
    This article introduces the work of philosopher-novelist Walker Percy to the Zygon: Journal of Religion and Science readership. After some biographical and contextual preliminaries, I suggest that the conceptual collecting feature to Percy's work is his critique of abstractionism manifest in a tripartite congruence of Cartesianism, derivatively misapplied science, and social atomism.
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  13. added 2016-12-04
    G. Cavallo (2014). Legge e diritto naturale in Alasdair MacIntyre. Il Pensare:24-34.
    This paper focuses on the theme of natural rights, as it emerges from the works of Alasdair MacIntyre. In "After Virtue" he argues that «there are no such rights, and belief in them is one with belief in witches and in unicorns», but in later works he endorsed a thomistic view on natural law, which is compatible with the acknowledgment of universal human rights. MacIntyre’s writings contain the premises for an ontological foundation of natural rights, despite his rejection of any (...)
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  14. added 2016-12-03
    T. -K. Lehtonen (forthcoming). Objectifying Climate Change: Weather-Related Catastrophes as Risks and Opportunities for Reinsurance. Political Theory.
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  15. added 2016-12-03
    Thaddeus Metz (2016). UBUNTU COMO UMA TEORIA MORAL E OS DIREITOS HUMANOS NA ÁFRICA DO SUL. Revista Culturas Jurídicas 3 (5):1-33.
    Portuguese translation by Jean-Bosco Kakozi of 'Ubuntu as a Moral Theory and Human Rights in South Africa' (African Human Rights Law Journal 2011).
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  16. added 2016-12-02
    J. Bennett (forthcoming). Letter From the Editor. Political Theory.
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  17. added 2016-12-02
    Liam Shields (forthcoming). Parental Rights and the Importance of Being Parents. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy:1-15.
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  18. added 2016-12-02
    Julieta Manterola (2016). Pobreza y justicia globales: una interpretación moderada de los argumentos de Thomas Pogge. Dissertation, Universidad de Buenos Aires
    Este trabajo se propone defender una interpretación moderada de los argumentos de Thomas Pogge sobre justicia y pobreza globales, elaborados en su libro La pobreza en el mundo y los derechos humanos. Para esto, se analizará minuciosamente la reconstrucción que los críticos hacen de los argumentos de Pogge. Con esto, se espera poner de manifiesto que dicha reconstrucción se aleja en muchos casos de una interpretación mínimamente caritativa y malinterpreta los argumentos originales de este autor. Así, en este trabajo, se (...)
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  19. added 2016-12-01
    Franz Dietrich, A Theory of Bayesian Groups.
    A group is often construed as a single agent with its own probabilistic beliefs (credences), which are obtained by aggregating those of the individuals, for instance through averaging. In their celebrated contribution “Groupthink”, Russell et al. (2015) apply the Bayesian paradigm to groups by requiring group credences to undergo a Bayesian revision whenever new information is learnt, i.e., whenever the individual credences undergo a Bayesian revision based on this information. Bayesians should often strengthen this requirement by extending it to non-public (...)
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  20. added 2016-12-01
    D. J. Kapust (forthcoming). Ecce Romani. Political Theory.
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  21. added 2016-12-01
    Joseph Mazor (forthcoming). Can Liberal Egalitarians Protect the Occupational Freedom of the Economically Talented? Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy:1-23.
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  22. added 2016-11-30
    Patti Tamara Lenard (forthcoming). Fragile Trust: Muslim Communities in Canada and the R V. NS Decision. Law and Ethics of Human Rights.
    Journal Name: The Law & Ethics of Human Rights Issue: Ahead of print.
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  23. added 2016-11-30
    Ilenia Ruggiu (forthcoming). Interpreting Culture in Italian Courts: A Proposal of a “Cultural Test”. Law and Ethics of Human Rights.
    Journal Name: The Law & Ethics of Human Rights Issue: Ahead of print.
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  24. added 2016-11-30
    Christopher Freiman (forthcoming). Poverty, Partiality, and the Purchase of Expensive Education. Politics, Philosophy and Economics:1470594-16672952.
    Prioritarianism doesn’t value equality as such – any reason to equalize is due to the benefits for the worse off. But some argue that prioritarianism and egalitarianism coincide in their implications for the distribution of education: Equalizing educational opportunities improves the socioeconomic opportunities of the worse off. More specifically, a system that prohibits parents from making differential private educational expenditures would result in greater gains to the worse off than a system that permits these expenditures, all else equal. This article (...)
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  25. added 2016-11-28
    Eva Erman & Niklas Möller (forthcoming). How Practices Do Not Matter. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy.
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  26. added 2016-11-28
    Kyle Johannsen (2016). Cohen's Equivocal Attack on Rawls's Basic Structure Restriction. Ethical Perspectives 23 (3):499-525.
    G.A. Cohen is famous for his critique of John Rawls’s view that principles of justice are restricted in scope to institutional structures. In recent work, however, Cohen has suggested that Rawlsians get more than just the scope of justice wrong: they get the concept wrong too. He claims that justice is a fundamental value, i.e. a moral input in our deliberations about the content of action-guiding regulatory principles, rather than the output. I argue here that Cohen’s arguments for extending the (...)
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  27. added 2016-11-28
    Joshua Stein (2016). Valuing Life as Necessary for Moral Status: A Noteon Depression and Personhood. Neuroethics 9 (1):45-51.
    Many contemporary accounts of moral status consider an individual's status to be grounded in some cognitive capacity, e.g. the capacity to experience certain states, to reason morally, etc. One proposed cognitive capacity significant particularly to killing, i.e. having a status that precludes being killed absent cause, is the capacity to value one's own life. I argue that considering this a condition for moral status is a mistake, as it would lead to the exclusion of some individuals with mental health problems (...)
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  28. added 2016-11-27
    George Letsas (forthcoming). Accommodating What Needn’T Be Special. Law and Ethics of Human Rights.
    Journal Name: The Law & Ethics of Human Rights Issue: Ahead of print.
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  29. added 2016-11-27
    E. Seguin (forthcoming). Book Review: Bruno Latour. Reassembling the Political, by Graham Harman. [REVIEW] Political Theory.
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  30. added 2016-11-27
    Ewan Kingston (2016). Clustering Countries, Changing Climates: An NGO Review to Close the Ambition Gap. Ethics and International Affairs.
  31. added 2016-11-27
    Eckhart Arnold (2006). Eine unvollendete Aufgabe: Die politische Philosophie von Kants Friedensschrift. In Nebil Reyhani (ed.), Immanuel Kant. Essays Presented at the MuäŸla University International Kant Symposium. Vadi Yayä±Nlarä± 496-512.
    In this paper Kant's "perpetual peace" is being interpreted as a realistic utopia. Kant's "perpetual peace" remains an utopia even today in the sense that the described perpetual world peace is still a long way to go from today's state of world politics. But Kant also tried to show that the utopian scenario is possible under realistic assumptions. Therefore this essay examines the question, if Kant's basic assumptions - such as for example the assumption that democracies are generally non aggressive (...)
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  32. added 2016-11-27
    Hans Kelsen (2006). ¿Una Nueva Ciencia de la Política? Réplica a Eric Voegelin, Editado Por Eckhart Arnold. Katz Editores.
    Hans Kelsen's thorough critique of Eric Voegelin's "New Science of Politcs" is - in my oppinion - the best commentary on Voegelin that has been written so far.
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  33. added 2016-11-26
    Aidan McGlynn (2016). Propaganda and the Authority of Pornography. Theoria. An International Journal for Theory, History and Foundations of Science 31 (3):329-344.
    Jason Stanley’s How Propaganda Works characterises and explores one democratically problematic kind of propaganda, ‘undermining propaganda’, which involves ‘[a] contribution to public discourse that is presented as an embodiment of certain ideals, yet is of a kind that tends to erode those very ideals’. Stanley’s model for how undermining propaganda functions is Rae Langton and Caroline West’s treatment of moves in pornographic language games. However, Stanley doesn’t consider whether his theory of propaganda might in turn illuminate the harmful nature of (...)
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  34. added 2016-11-24
    Thomas Poole (forthcoming). Rights and Opinion: Or, The Progress of Sentiments. Law and Ethics of Human Rights.
    Journal Name: The Law & Ethics of Human Rights Issue: Ahead of print.
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  35. added 2016-11-24
    Alison Mawhinney (forthcoming). Claims of Religious Morality: The Limits of Religious Freedom in International Human Rights Law. Law and Ethics of Human Rights.
    Journal Name: The Law & Ethics of Human Rights Issue: Ahead of print.
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  36. added 2016-11-24
    Victoria I. Burke (forthcoming). Conscience Exemptions in Medicine: A Hegelian Feminist Perspective. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 30 (2).
    In this article, I defend the view that conscience exemption clauses for medical practitioners (doctors, nurses, technicians, pharmacists) should be limited by patient protection clauses. This view was also defended by Mark Wicclair, in his book on conscience exemptions in medicine (2011). In this article, I defend Wicclair’s view by supplementing it with Hegelian ethical theory and feminist critical theory. Conscience exemptions are important to support as a matter of human rights. They support an individual’s right to protect their deepest (...)
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  37. added 2016-11-24
    Avigail Eisenberg (forthcoming). Religion as Identity. Law and Ethics of Human Rights.
    Journal Name: The Law & Ethics of Human Rights Issue: Ahead of print.
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  38. added 2016-11-24
    Meg Stalcup (2016). A estética política do ativismo através de novas mídias. In Marinyze Prates de Oliveira & Jonathan Warren (eds.), Miradas sobre o Brasil: cultura, arte e poder. Editora da Universidade Federal da Bahia 13-33.
    Neste capítulo, analisa-se a documentação visual dos protestos de 2013, contrastando a cobertura da grande mídia em São Paulo e Rio de Janeiro com a de ativistas usando as tecnologias de nova mídia. Os temas centrais são a forma como o exercício do poder político é mediado através de novas tecnologias de mídia e a racionalidade política que anima os ativistas. Dito de outro modo, pergunta-se: por que os atores criaram imagens da forma que o fizeram e que objetivos políticos (...)
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  39. added 2016-11-23
    Alex Sager (2016). Immigration Enforcement and Domination: An Indirect Argument for Much More Open Borders. Political Research Quarterly 1 (1):1-13.
    Normative reflection on the ethics of migration has tended to remain at the level of abstract principle with limited attention to the practice of immigration administration and enforcement. This paper explores the implications of this practice for an ethics of immigration with particular attention to the problem of bureaucratic domination. I contend that migration administration and enforcement cannot overcome bureaucratic domination because of the inherent vulnerability of migrant populations and the transnational enforcement of border controls by multiple public and private (...)
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  40. added 2016-11-23
    Desh Raj Sirswal (2016). Role of Religions in Imparting Social Justice in Indian Socio-Political Context. Milestone Education Review 7 (02).
    Religion is a deriving force for social change in India since ancient times. Although we boast about ancient Indian ideals of social stratification, which made a long lasting discrimination within society, and most of the times we do not do any justice to social-political life of a billion peoples. The study of the relation between religion and politics showed that this relation always made a problematic situation for the indigenous people and always benefitted invaders. The idea of the interface or (...)
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  41. added 2016-11-22
    Oliviero Angeli (forthcoming). Is Unauthorized Immigration an Immoral Act? On David Miller’s ‘Weak Cosmopolitan’ Defense of the Right to Exclude. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy:1-8.
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  42. added 2016-11-22
    J. Matthew Hoye (2016). Neo‐Republicanism, Old Imperialism, and Migration Ethics. Constellations 23 (3).
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  43. added 2016-11-21
    Fabio Wolkenstein (forthcoming). Populism, Liberal Democracy and the Ethics of Peoplehood. European Journal of Political Theory:1474885116677901.
    Populism is widely thought to be in tension with liberal democracy. This article clarifies what exactly is problematic about populism from a liberal–democratic point of view and goes on to develop normative standards that allow us to distinguish between more and less legitimate forms of populism. The point of this exercise is not to dismiss populism in toto; the article strives for a more subtle result, namely, to show that liberal democracy can accommodate populism provided that the latter conforms to (...)
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  44. added 2016-11-21
    Shmuel Nili (forthcoming). The Moving Global Everest: A New Challenge to Global Ideal Theory as a Necessary Compass. European Journal of Political Theory:1474885116677480.
    I present a new challenge to the Rawlsian insistence on ideal theory as a compass orienting concrete policy choices. My challenge, focusing on global politics, consists of three claims. First, I contend that our global ideal can become more ambitious over time. Second, I argue that Rawlsian ideal theory’s level of ambition might change because of concrete policy choices, responding to moral failures which can be identified and resolved without ideal theory. Third, I argue that we currently face such potentially (...)
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  45. added 2016-11-21
    Robin Douglass (forthcoming). Hobbes and Political Realism. European Journal of Political Theory:1474885116677481.
    Thomas Hobbes has recently been cast as one of the forefathers of political realism. This article evaluates his place in the realist tradition by focusing on three key themes: the priority of legitimacy over justice, the relation between ethics and politics, and the place of imagination in politics. The thread uniting these themes is the importance Hobbes placed on achieving a moral consensus around peaceful coexistence, a point which distances him from realists who view the two as competing goals of (...)
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  46. added 2016-11-21
    U. K. Government & Office for Science (2016). Artificial Intelligence: Opportunities and Implications for the Future of Decision Making.
    Artificial intelligence has arrived. In the online world it is already a part of everyday life, sitting invisibly behind a wide range of search engines and online commerce sites. It offers huge potential to enable more efficient and effective business and government but the use of artificial intelligence brings with it important questions about governance, accountability and ethics. Realising the full potential of artificial intelligence and avoiding possible adverse consequences requires societies to find satisfactory answers to these questions. This report (...)
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  47. added 2016-11-21
    David K. Chan (2012). “Is Choice Good or Bad for Justice in Healthcare?”. American Philosophical Association Newsletter on Philosophy and Medicine 11 (2):21-25.
    In this paper, I examine the conflicts between autonomy and justice. The problem of justice in healthcare concerns both micro-allocation and macro-allocation. The latter has to do with distributive justice: who should get what healthcare resources at whose expense. The current debate about healthcare reform brings up two competing models of distributive justice from political philosophy. The libertarian theory holds to the ideal of individual responsibility and choice, viewing taxation for the purpose of providing goods to those who cannot afford (...)
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  48. added 2016-11-21
    David K. Chan (2008-09). Review of "The Ethics of War and Peace". [REVIEW] Journal for the Study of Peace and Conflict:137-138.
    This is a book review of "The Ethics of War and Peace" by Nigel Dower.
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  49. added 2016-11-20
    Neus Torbisco-Casals (forthcoming). Multiculturalism, Identity Claims, and Human Rights: From Politics to Courts. Law and Ethics of Human Rights.
    Journal Name: The Law & Ethics of Human Rights Issue: Ahead of print.
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  50. added 2016-11-20
    Helder De Schutter (forthcoming). Two Principles of Equal Language Recognition. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy:1-13.
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