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Social and Political Philosophy

Edited by Seth Lazar (Australian National University)
Assistant editors: Adam C. Gastineau, Chad Lee-Stronach, Emma Ryman, Lachlan Umbers
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  1. added 2015-03-02
    Jeremy Williams (2015). Public Reason and Prenatal Moral Status. Journal of Ethics 19 (1):23-52.
    This paper provides a new analysis and critique of Rawlsian public reason’s handling of the abortion question. It is often claimed that public reason is indeterminate on abortion, because it cannot say enough about prenatal moral status, or give content to the political value which Rawls calls ‘respect for human life’. I argue that public reason requires much greater argumentative restraint from citizens debating abortion than critics have acknowledged. Beyond the preliminary observation that fetuses do not meet the criteria of (...)
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  2. added 2015-03-02
    Rebecca Reilly-Cooper (2014). The Importance of What Citizens Care About. Social Theory and Practice 40 (3):461-482.
    This paper aims to strengthen the liberal theory of public justification defended by John Rawls and his followers, by arguing that advocates of political liberalism can have more to say about how citizens can come to endorse and give priority to liberal justice than has been commonly supposed. The political conception of the person, complete with the two powers of moral personality, contains within it all the resources we need to illustrate why reasonable persons would have at least one good (...)
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  3. added 2015-03-02
    Matt Sleat (2014). A Defence of the Radical Version of the Asymmetry Objection to Political Liberalism. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 14 (1):73-90.
    This article seeks to make two significant contributions to the debate surrounding the asymmetry objection to political liberalism. The first is to distinguish between and explicate moderate and radical versions of the asymmetry objection as two discrete forms that this criticism can take. The second contribution is to defend the radical version of the asymmetry objection as a serious challenge to political liberalism. It does this by arguing that the commitment to reciprocity that underpins the principle of legitimacy can be (...)
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  4. added 2015-03-02
    Marco Santambrogio (2011). Verità E Liberalismo Politico. Philosophical News 2.
    Many philosophers who thought about democracy in the Twentieth century haverejected the notion of absolute truth and even that of truth as such. Hans Kelsendraws a parallel between, on the one hand, philosophical absolutism and autocracy and, on the other, relativism and democracy. For the very same reasons, Hannah Arendt directly infers from her democratic conception of politics that truth is to be rejected. It seems that such views are closely reminiscent of some statements by John Rawls about the notion (...)
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  5. added 2015-03-02
    Facundo Valverde (2009). Desacuerdo moral y estabilidad en la teoría de Martha Nussbaum. Revista de Filosofía y Teoría Política 40:63-90.
    Los últimos textos de Martha Nussbaum representan un esfuerzo por presentar una versión del enfoque de las capacidades que se enmarque dentro del liberalismo político rawlsiano. El objetivo de este artículo es mostrar que esta vinculación es defectuosa porque, en primer lugar, los desacuerdos morales profundos entre los ciudadanos son disueltos por medio de una petición de principio y porque, en segundo término, la estabilidad política no se halla suficientemente garantizada.Martha Nussbaum's latest works attempt to give a version of the (...)
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  6. added 2015-03-02
    Hun Chung (2008). Can Classical Utilitarianism Participate in Overlapping Consensus? Why Not?: A Reply to Samuel Scheffler. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 10:53-60.
    The main objective of Rawls’ Political Liberalism was to explain how a workable theory of justice can be established and sustained within a society that is marked by reasonable pluralism. In order to meet this end, Rawls introduces the following three concepts: political conception of justice, public reason, andoverlapping consensus. By relying on these three concepts, Rawls presents his two principles of justice as a two stage process. In the first stage, the two principles of justice are presented as a (...)
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  7. added 2015-03-02
    Troy Dostert (2006). Beyond Political Liberalism: Toward a Post-Secular Ethics of Public Life. University of Notre Dame Press.
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  8. added 2015-03-02
    John Rawls (2005). Political Liberalism: Expanded Edition. Columbia University Press.
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  9. added 2015-03-02
    Andrew Lister (2005). Shaun P. Young, Ed., Political Liberalism: Variations on a Theme. [REVIEW] Philosophy in Review 25:148-151.
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  10. added 2015-03-02
    Jacob Held (2002). Assisted Suicide & Problems of Natural Law in Light of Political Liberalism and Pluralism. Vera Lex 3 (1/2):91-104.
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  11. added 2015-03-02
    Shaun Young (2002). Illusions Of Difference? Larmore's Political Liberalism. Minerva 6:68-102.
    With the 1985 publication of "Justice as Fairness: Political not Metaphysical" , John Rawls ushered in a newera in political philosophy. In JAF Rawls provided the first detailed articulation of his conception of"political liberalism"—a concept and a term that would soon thereafter become familiar features of contemporarypolitical theory. In the wake of this development, theorists did more than simply analyse Rawls’ provocative, newpropositions; a few also began to develop and articulate their own conceptions of political liberalism. One suchindividual was Charles (...)
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  12. added 2015-03-02
    Daniel A. Dombrowski (2001). Rawls and Religion the Case for Political Liberalism. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  13. added 2015-03-02
    Victoria Davion & Clark Wolf (2000). The Idea of a Political Liberalism Essays on Rawls.
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  14. added 2015-03-02
    Matthew Lawrence (1999). Moral Pluralism and Value Conflicts. Dissertation, University of California, Irvine
    In recent years an increasing number of moral theorists have come to embrace the term "moral pluralism" to describe a particular kind of moral theory. Unfortunately, there has been little consensus regarding what exactly constitutes a pluralistic theory, and what specific commitments such theories involve. My dissertation takes on the task of articulating the underlying schema of pluralist moral theory, and of analyzing the plausibility and implications of pluralism's fundamental commitments. I argue that the most thoroughgoing pluralist theories are shaped (...)
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  15. added 2015-03-02
    Jack Russell Weinstein (1998). Adam Smith and the Problem of Neutrality in Contemporary Liberal Theory. Dissertation, Boston University
    Liberalism can be defined as that political system in which the state remains neutral on questions of the good life while providing a framework of rights that respects persons as free and independent selves capable of choosing their own values and ends. Neutrality is the priority of the right over the good . In Political Liberalism, John Rawls describes a liberal society in which political debate is based upon an overlapping consensus. An overlapping consensus consists in agreement about those principles (...)
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  16. added 2015-03-02
    Richard Rorty (1998). Nietzsche, Sócrates e o pragmatismo. Cadernos Nietzsche 4:07-16.
    Nietzsche’s views of truth and knowledge are often trought to be incompatible with political liberalism. But these views are pretty much the same as those of William James and John Dewey, who were right to see no such incompatibility. The pragmatists, like Nietzsche, wanted to drop the congnitivism which has dominated western intellectual life since Plato, but, unlike Nietzsche, they wished to do so in the interests of an egalitarian society rather than in the interests of a defiant and lonely (...)
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  17. added 2015-03-02
    Anthony Simon Laden (1996). Constructing Shared Wills: Deliberative Liberalism and the Politics of Identity. Dissertation, Harvard University
    The dissertation develops and defends a form of liberalism it calls "deliberative liberalism." The aim of developing this form of liberalism is to show how liberal theory can be sensitive to the importance people place on particular aspects of their practical identities. In particular, the dissertation answers four criticisms of liberalism. Catharine MacKinnon and Michel Foucault claim that liberalism is incapable of attending to the role power plays in constructing our identities, and is thus insensitive to forms of opression tied (...)
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  18. added 2015-03-02
    Mark P. Maller (1996). The Ethics of William James and Jean-Paul Sartre: A Critical Approach. Dissertation, Duquesne University
    William James and the early Jean-Paul Sartre share strikingly similar similar views on ethics, despite their radically divergent approaches and styles. The strengths and weaknesses of their ethical relativism and/or subjectivism are examined in an attempt to show that these positions are problematic, and tenable only with careful qualifications. This evaluation is a result of a critical, yet constructive assessment of their ethical views. ;Specifically, I question whether Sartre's phenomenological ontology in Being and Nothingness can imply an ethics, and the (...)
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  19. added 2015-03-02
    Philip Pettit (1994). Political Liberalism by John Rawls. Journal of Philosophy 91 (4):215-220.
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  20. added 2015-03-02
    David Archard (1994). Political Liberalism. [REVIEW] Radical Philosophy 66.
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  21. added 2015-03-02
    Ali Mazrui (1987). Superpower Ethics: A Third World Perspective. Ethics & International Affairs 1.
    In 1987, the philosophies of a U.S. grounded in political liberalism and a Soviet Union grounded in economic redistribution were at odds. Mazrui argues that each superpower's actions ultimately supported the other's philosophy.
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  22. added 2015-03-01
    Terence Rajivan Edward, Taking the Concepts of Others Seriously.
    This paper assesses an argument against the representationalist tradition in anthropology: the tradition of reporting how a cultural group represents the world. According to the argument, anthropologists working within this tradition cannot take the concepts of those they study seriously. I defend the representationalist tradition against this argument.
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  23. added 2015-03-01
    Navid Hassanzadeh (forthcoming). On the Question of Authority in the Arab Spring. European Journal of Political Theory:1474885115572381.
    This article is a comparative theoretical study of authority in the Arab Spring which draws upon the work of Max Weber and Khalil Ahmad Khalil, and examines the theoretical importance of a shift away from authority understood along the lines of single, charismatic individuals. I argue that the central implication of the lack of dominant leaders in the Arab Spring is the potential for the growth of a popular form of charismatic authority. This popular understanding of charisma would have several (...)
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  24. added 2015-02-27
    David Golemboski (forthcoming). The Impartiality of Smith’s Spectator: The Problem of Parochialism and the Possibility of Social Critique. European Journal of Political Theory:1474885115572921.
    Amartya Sen has argued that contractarian theories of justice inevitably fall victim to the problem of parochialism, for the reason that they rely on a problematically narrow conception of impartiality. Sen finds a corrective model of impartiality in Adam Smith’s figure of the impartial spectator. In this essay, I argue that Sen’s invocation of the spectator to resolve the problem of parochialism is unfounded, as the impartial spectator is fundamentally a product of socialization that serves to propagate conventional moral norms. (...)
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  25. added 2015-02-27
    Anna Jurkevics (forthcoming). Hannah Arendt Reads Carl Schmitt’s The Nomos of the Earth: A Dialogue on Law and Geopolitics From the Margins. European Journal of Political Theory:1474885115572837.
    Many studies have deduced subterranean dialogues between Hannah Arendt and Carl Schmitt from indirect evidence. This article uses new evidence from marginalia in Arendt’s copy of Nomos of the Earth and finds that she formed, but never published, an incisive critique of Schmitt’s geopolitics. Through an analysis of Arendt’s comments on the topics of soil, conquest, and contract, I show that Arendt deemed Schmitt’s theory to be imperialist and in contradiction with itself. Her reading of Schmitt prompts important new questions (...)
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  26. added 2015-02-26
    Cindy L. Holder (2001). Rethinking Groups: Groups, Group Membership and Group Rights. Dissertation, The University of Arizona
    Is there something special about group rights? Many would say "yes". For some, only certain kinds of groups---ones that are oppressed, or play a special role in well-being---may have rights. For others, the kind of group is not as important as the group's culture and internal structure. At the very least, many argue, group rights ought to be more restricted than individualistic ones. For these reasons, arguing the merits of a group right is often thought to require a theory of (...)
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  27. added 2015-02-26
    Raymond Aaron Younis (1998). Nationhood and Decolonization (The English Patient). Literature/Film Quarterly 26 (1).
  28. added 2015-02-26
    Raymond Aaron Younis (1998). Michael Haneke: "Funny Games". Cinema Papers 138:38-40.
  29. added 2015-02-26
    James W. Nickel (1996). Multicultural Citizenship: A Liberal Theory of Minority Rights by Will Kymlicka. Journal of Philosophy 93 (9):480-482.
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  30. added 2015-02-24
    Raymond Aaron Younis (1997-1998). Race Representation and Nation. Australian Canadian Studies 15 (2):43-65.
  31. added 2015-02-23
    David Jenkins (forthcoming). Denying Reciprocity. European Journal of Political Theory:1474885115569513.
    When individuals receive benefits as a result of the burdens assumed by other people, they are expected to make a return in similar form. To do otherwise is considered as a failure to treat those other people with appropriate respect. It is this which justifies the expectation that individuals share in the labour that is necessary to preserve just institutions and productive practices that characterise complex schemes of social cooperation. In this paper, I argue that where benefits do not meet (...)
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  32. added 2015-02-22
    Anca Gheaus (2015). Unfinished Adults and Defective Children: On the Nature and Value of Childhood. Journal for Ethics and Social Philosophy 9 (1):1-21.
    Traditionally, most philosophers saw childhood as a state of deficiency and thought that its value was entirely dependent on how successfully it prepares individuals for adulthood. Yet, there are good reasons to think that childhood also has intrinsic value. Children possess certain intrinsically valuable abilities to a higher degree than adults. Moreover, going through a phase when one does not yet have a “self of one’s own,” and experimenting one’s way to a stable self, seems intrinsically valuable. I argue that (...)
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  33. added 2015-02-21
    Paolo Silvestri (2012). The Ideal of Good Government in Luigi Einaudi's Thought and Life: Between Law and Freedom. In , Good government, Governance and Human Complexity. Luigi Einaudi’s Legacy and Contemporary Society. Olschki. 55-95.
    I will argue here that Einaudi's thought reveals an awareness that the question of freedom has to do with two inter-related problems: the relation of individuals or communities with their respective limits and the question of going beyond these limits. Limits are to be understood here in the meaning of the foundation or conditions of possibility both of institutions (economic, political and juridical) and of thought and human action.
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  34. added 2015-02-20
    Hannes Rusch, Joost M. Leunissen & Mark van Vugt (forthcoming). Historical and Experimental Evidence of Sexual Selection for War Heroism. Evolution and Human Behavior.
    We report three studies which test a sexual selection hypothesis for male war heroism. Based on evolutionary theories of mate choice we hypothesize that men signal their fitness through displaying heroism in combat. First, we report the results of an archival study on US-American soldiers who fought in World War II. We compare proxies for reproductive success between a control sample of 449 regular veterans and 123 surviving Medal of Honor recipients of WWII. Results suggest that the heroes sired more (...)
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  35. added 2015-02-20
    Peter Olsthoorn (2015). Honor: A Phenomenology. Contemporary Political Theory 14 (1):e31.
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  36. added 2015-02-20
    Roger Wertheimer (2015). Jus Ante Bellum. In George Lucas (ed.), Routledge Handbook of Military Ethics. 54-68.
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  37. added 2015-02-20
    Raymond Aaron Younis (2011). Internationalization, Blended Learning, Diverse Cultures. International Journal of Arts and Sciences 4 (8):2011.
  38. added 2015-02-19
    Cristian Timmermann & Henk van den Belt (2012). Climate Change, Intellectual Property Rights and Global Justice. In Thomas Potthast & Simon Meisch (eds.), Climate Change and Sustainable Development: Ethical Perspectives on Land Use and Food Production. Wageningen Academic Publishers. 75-79.
    International negotiations on anthropogenic climate change are far from running smoothly. Opinions are deeply divided on what are the respective responsibilities of developed and developing countries with regard to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and the alleviation of the negative effects of global warming. A major bone of contention concerns the role of intellectual property rights (especially patents) in the development and diffusion of climate-friendly technologies. While developing countries consider IPRs as a formidable barrier to the rapid transfer and (...)
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  39. added 2015-02-19
    Raymond Aaron Younis (1996). Songs of Travail, Songs of Enchantment. In Peter F. Alexander Ruth Hutchison & Deryck Schreuder (eds.), Africa Today. Humanities Research Centre ANU. 233-245.
  40. added 2015-02-19
    Raymond Aaron Younis (1995). The Last "Post". In Michel Griifith James Tulip & Raymond Aaron Younis Elaine Lindsay (eds.), Religion Literature and the Arts. 348-359.
  41. added 2015-02-18
    Sune Lægaard (forthcoming). Multiculturalism and Contextualism: How is Context Relevant for Political Theory? European Journal of Political Theory:1474885114562975.
    Many political theorists of multiculturalism describe their theories as “contextualist.” But it is unclear what “contextualism” means and what difference it makes for political theory. I use a specific prominent example of a multiculturalist discussion, namely Tariq Modood’s argument about “moderate secularism,” as a test case and distinguish between different senses of contextualism. I discuss whether the claim that political theory is contextual in each sense is novel and interesting, and whether contextualism is a distinct feature of political theory of (...)
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  42. added 2015-02-18
    Christine Straehle (forthcoming). Is There a Right to Surrogacy? Journal of Applied Philosophy.
    Access to surrogacy is more often than not cast in the language of rights. Here, I examine what kind of form such a right could take. I distinguish between surrogacy as a right to assisted procreation, and surrogacy as a contractual right. I find the first interpretation implausible: it would give rise to claims against the state that no state can fulfill, namely the provision of sufficient surrogates to satisfy the need. Instead, I argue that the right to surrogacy can (...)
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  43. added 2015-02-18
    Andrew Alexandra (2015). Liability, War, and Peace. Philosophical Forum 46 (1):41-53.
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  44. added 2015-02-18
    Robert L. Holmes (2015). The Metaethics of Pacifism and Just War Theory. Philosophical Forum 46 (1):3-15.
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  45. added 2015-02-18
    Cheyney Ryan (2015). Pacifism(S). Philosophical Forum 46 (1):17-39.
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  46. added 2015-02-18
    Marvin Farber (1984). The Search for a Alternative Philosophical Perspectives of Subjectivism and Marxism.
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  47. added 2015-02-17
    Larry S. Temkin (1993). Inequality. Oxford University Press.
    In this book Larry Temkin examines the concepts of equality and inequality, and addresses one particular question in depth: how can we judge between different sorts of inequality? When is one inequality worse than another? Temkin shows that there are many different factors underlying and influencing our egalitarian judgments and that the notion of inequality is surprisingly complex. He looks at inequality as applied to individuals and to groups, and at the standard measures of inequality employed by economists and others, (...)
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  48. added 2015-02-16
    Robert A. Wilson & Joshua St Pierre, Eugenics and Disability.
    In the intersection between eugenics past and present, disability has never been far beneath the surface. Perceived and ascribed disabilities of body and mind were one of the core sets of eugenics traits that provided the basis for institutionalized and sterilization on eugenic grounds for the first 75 years of the 20th-century. Since that time, the eugenic preoccupation with the character of future generations has seeped into what have become everyday practices in the realm of reproductive choice. As Marsha Saxton (...)
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  49. added 2015-02-16
    Lisa Rivera (2014). Coercion and Captivity. In Lori Gruen (ed.), The Ethics of Captivity. 248-271.
    This paper considers three modes of captivity with an eye to examining the effects of captivity on free agency and whether these modes depend on or constitute coercion. These modes are: physical captivity, psychological captivity, and social/legal captivity. All these modes of captivity may severely impact capacities a person relies on for free agency in different ways. They may also undermine or destroy a person’s identity-constituting cares and values. On a Nozick-style view of coercion, coercion amounts to conditional threats and (...)
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  50. added 2015-02-16
    Dotan Leshem (2014). The Distinction Between the Economy and Politics in Aristotle's Thought and the Rise of the Social. Constellations 21 (4):n/a-n/a.
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