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Social and Political Philosophy

Edited by Seth Lazar (Australian National University)
Assistant editors: Adam C. Gastineau, Emma Ryman, Lachlan Umbers
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  1. added 2014-09-30
    Sem de Maagt (forthcoming). In Defence of Fact-Dependency. Canadian Journal of Philosophy:1-20.
    G.A. Cohen and David Estlund claim that, because of their fact-dependent nature, constructivist theories of justice do not qualify as moral theories about fundamental values such as justice. In this paper, I defend fact-dependent, constructivist theories of justice against this fact-independency critique. I argue that constructivists can invoke facts among the grounds for accepting fundamental principles of justice while maintaining that the foundation of morality has to be non-empirical. My claim is that constructivists ultimately account for the normativity of fact-dependent (...)
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  2. added 2014-09-30
    David Haekwon Kim & Ronald Sundstrom (2014). Xenophobia and Racism. Critical Philosophy of Race 2 (1).
    Xenophobia is conceptually distinct from racism. Xenophobia is also distinct from nativism. Furthermore, theories of racism are largely ensconced in nationalized narratives of racism, often influenced by the black-white binary, which obscures xenophobia and shelters it from normative critiques. This paper addresses these claims, arguing for the first and last, and outlining the second. Just as philosophers have recently analyzed the concept of racism, clarifying it and pinpointing why it’s immoral and the extent of its moral harm, so we will (...)
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  3. added 2014-09-26
    J. Paul Kelleher, Health Inequalities and Relational Egalitarianism.
    Much of the philosophical literature on health inequalities seeks to establish the superiority of one or another conception of luck egalitarianism. In recent years, however, an increasing number of self-avowed egalitarian philosophers have proposed replacing luck egalitarianism with alternatives that stress the moral relevance of distinct relationships, rather than the moral relevance of good or bad luck. After briefly explaining why I am not attracted to luck egalitarianism, I seek in this chapter to distinguish and clarify three views that have (...)
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  4. added 2014-09-26
    J. Paul Kelleher (forthcoming). Relevance and Non-Consequentialist Aggregation. Utilitas.
    Interpersonal aggregation involves the combining and weighing of benefits and losses to multiple individuals in the course of determining what ought to be done. Most consequentialists embrace thoroughgoing interpersonal aggregation, the view that any large benefit to each of a few people can be morally outweighed by allocating any smaller benefit to each of many others, so long as this second group is sufficiently large. This would permit letting one person die in order to cure some number of mild headaches (...)
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  5. added 2014-09-24
    Pascal Massie & Lauryn Mayer (2014). Bringing Elsewhere Home: A Song of Ice and Fire’s Ethics of Disability. In Karl Fugelso (ed.), Studies in Medievalism. D S Brewer. 45-60.
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  6. added 2014-09-22
    Sven Nyholm (forthcoming). Just Freedom? [REVIEW] Res Publica:1-5.
    In Just Freedom, Pettit presents a powerful new statement and defense of the traditional “republican” conception of liberty or freedom. And he claims that freedom can serve as an ecumenical value with broad appeal, which we can put at the basis of a distinctively republican theory of justice. That is, Pettit argues that this “conception of freedom as non-domination allows us to see all issues of justice as issues, ultimately, of what freedom demands.” It is not, however, clear that liberty (...)
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  7. added 2014-09-22
    Thomas Mulligan (forthcoming). The Limits of Liberal Tolerance. Public Affairs Quarterly.
    Political philosophy has seen vibrant debate over the connection, if any, between liberalism and pluralism. Some philosophers, following Isaiah Berlin, reckon a close connection between the two concepts. Others--most notably John Gray--believe that liberalism and pluralism are incompatible. In this essay, I argue that the puzzle can be solved by distinguishing the responsibilities of liberal states to their peoples from the responsibilities of liberal states to other states. There is an entailment from pluralism to liberalism, and it in turn implies (...)
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  8. added 2014-09-13
    Luara Ferracioli (forthcoming). Family Migration Schemes and Liberal Neutrality: A Dilemma. Journal of Moral Philosophy.
    Those who believe that liberal states have a right to exclude prospective immigrants also believe that citizens should be able to invite romantic partners and family members to join them as new members of the state (as part of so-called family reunification schemes). In this essay, I argue that the privileging of romantic and familial ties by the liberal state cannot be justified. The reasons that count in favour of these relationships count equally in favour of a great array of (...)
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  9. added 2014-09-12
    Tim Henning (forthcoming). From Choice to Chance? Saving People, Fairness, and Lotteries. Philosophical Review.
    Many authors in ethics, economics and political science endorse the Lottery Requirement, i.e. the following thesis: Where different parties have equal moral claims to one indivisible good, it is morally obligatory to let a fair lottery decide which party is to receive the good. This article defends skepticism about the Lottery Requirement. Three broad strategies of defending such a requirement are distinguished: the surrogate satisfaction account, the procedural account and the ideal consent account. It is argued that none of these (...)
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  10. added 2014-09-12
    Kok-Chor Tan (2014). Why Global Justice Matters. Journal of Global Ethics 10 (2):128-134.
  11. added 2014-09-12
    Kok-Chor Tan (2013). &Quot;the Demands of Global Justice&Quot;. Oeconomia 13 (4):665-679.
    This review essay discusses recent books by Nicole Hassoun, Laura Valentini and Pablo Gilabert. Topics I examine that are stimulated by these books include the distinction between global egalitarian obligation and humanitarian duties, the role of coercion in justifying global obligations, and the possibility of a third position that falls between humanitarianism and cosmopolitan egalitarianism.
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  12. added 2014-09-10
    Annabelle Lever (forthcoming). De La Vie Privée. authorhouse, uk.
    La vie privée est une valeur janusienne. Elle nous permet d’une part de nous retrancher du monde extérieur mais d’un autre côté la forme qu’elle prend et l’étendue de sa protection sont fondamentalement des questions d’ordre public. C’est donc, sans surprise, que la vie privée et sa protection font partie de nos conflits les plus insolubles sur le rôle que doit tenir l’Etat et les droits et les devoirs des individus. Cet ouvrage explore ces deux facettes janusiennes de la vie (...)
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  13. added 2014-09-10
    Annabelle Lever (forthcoming). Democracy and Folk Eistemology: A Reply to Talisse. Critical Review of Social and Political Philosophy.
    According to Robert Talisse, ‘we have sufficient epistemological reasons to be democrats’ and these reasons support democracy even when we are tempted to doubt the legitimacy of democratic government. As epistemic agents, we care about the truth of our beliefs, and have reasons to want to live in an environment conducive to forming and acting on true, rather than false, beliefs. Democracy, Talisse argues, is the best means to provide such an environment. Hence, he concludes that epistemic agency, correctly understood, (...)
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  14. added 2014-09-10
    Annabelle Lever (2014). Book Review: A Response to James Rule. Journal of Law, Culture, and Humanities 10 (1).
    James Rule is puzzled by the ‘idiosyncratic’ approach that I take to the philosophical study of privacy. As evidence for this idiosyncracy, he cites my relative indifference to the distinction between consequentialist and deontological perspectives on privacy although these differences are proof of ‘intricate, yet enormously consequential intellectual tensions’. My choice of philosophical topics is ‘unsystematic’ and more a reflection of my own ‘intellectual hobby-horses’ than a ‘well-worked-out view of what students most need to know’. Finally, Rule concludes, because ‘the (...)
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  15. added 2014-09-10
    Sandra Raponi (2014). What is Required to Institutionalize Kant's Cosmopolitan Ideal? Journal of International Political Theory 10 (3):302-324.
    Although Kant argues that a world republic with coercive public law is the only rational way to secure a lawful cosmopolitan condition, he states that it is an unachievable ideal, and he proposes a voluntary, non-coercive federation of states as a substitute. While some scholars have criticized Kant for moving away from this ideal due merely to pragmatic considerations, I argue that his rejection of a coercive world republic is based on his conception of state sovereignty and what is required (...)
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  16. added 2014-09-10
    Nolen Gertz (2014). The Philosophy of War and Exile: From the Humanity of War to the Inhumanity of Peace. Palgrave-Macmillan.
    The Philosophy of War and Exile argues that our current paradigms for thinking about the ethics of war - just war theory - and the suffering of war - PTSD theory - judge war without a proper understanding of war. By continuing the investigations of J. Glenn Gray into the meaning of how war is experienced by combatants we can find an alternative understanding of not only war, but of peace, culminating in a new theory of responsibility centered around embodiment (...)
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  17. added 2014-09-10
    Annabelle Lever, Vote Obligatoire. Dictionnaire Critique Et Interdisciplinaire de la Participation.
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  18. added 2014-09-10
    Annabelle Lever (2013). A Democratic Conception of Privacy. Authorhouse, UK.
    Carol Pateman has said that the public/private distinction is what feminism is all about. I tend to be sceptical about categorical pronouncements of this sort, but this book is a work of feminist political philosophy and the public/private distinction is what it is all about. It is motivated by the belief that we lack a philosophical conception of privacy suitable for a democracy; that feminism has exposed this lack; and that by combining feminist analysis with recent developments in political philosophy, (...)
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  19. added 2014-09-07
    Arnon Keren, Science and Informed, Counterfactual, Democratic Consent.
    On many science-related policy questions, the public is unable to make informed decisions, because of its inability to make use of knowledge and information obtained by scientists. Philip Kitcher and James Fishkin have both suggested therefore that on certain science-related issues, public policy should not be decided upon by actual democratic vote, but should instead conform to the public's Counterfactual Informed Democratic Decision (CIDD). Indeed, this suggestion underlies Kitcher's specification of an ideal of a well-ordered science. The paper argues that (...)
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  20. added 2014-09-07
    Daniel Butt (2013). Colonialism and Postcolonialism. In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Ethics. Blackwell. 892-898.
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  21. added 2014-09-07
    Daniel Butt (2013). Inheriting Rights to Reparation: Compensatory Justice and the Passage of Time. Ethical Perspectives 20 (2):245-269.
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  22. added 2014-09-07
    Daniel Butt (2013). ‘The Polluter Pays’: Backward-Looking Principles of Intergenerational Justice and the Environment. In Jean-Christophe Merle (ed.), Spheres of Global Justice. Springer. 757-774.
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  23. added 2014-09-06
    Michael Baurmann (2014). Meinungsdynamiken in fundamentalistischen Gruppen: Erklärungshypothesen auf der Basis von Simulationsmodellen. Analyse Und Kritik 36:61-102.
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  24. added 2014-09-03
    Danny Frederick (2014). Review Essay: Mark D. Friedman, 'Nozick’s Libertarian Project: An Elaboration and Defense'. [REVIEW] Reason Papers 36 (1):132-42.
    Review of Mark Friedman's book 'Nozick’s Libertarian Project,' which is a defence of Robert Nozick's 'Anarchy, State, and Utopia.'.
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  25. added 2014-09-02
    Eric S. Nelson (2014). 非对称伦理学与世界公民主义宽容悖论. 吉林大学社会科学学报 54 (3):101-107.
  26. added 2014-09-02
    Speranta Dumitru (2013). Des visas, pas de l'aide! de la migration comme substitut de l'aide au développement. Éthique Publique. Revue Internationale D’Éthique Sociétale Et Gouvernementale 15 (2):77-98.
    If migration is more effective than aid for fighting poverty, should it replace aid? Not always. This article proposes a criterion that may be used to distinguish between cases where migration should serve as a substitute for development assistance and cases where it should supplement such aid. According to this criterion, development agendas are poverty-efficient when they lift the largest possible number of people out of poverty. Therefore, to be poverty-efficient, development agendas should always aim to complement aid with policies (...)
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  27. added 2014-08-31
    Dietrich Franz & Christian List, From Degrees of Belief to Beliefs: Lessons From Judgment-Aggregation Theory.
    What is the relationship between degrees of belief and (all-or-nothing) beliefs? Can the latter be expressed as a function of the former, without running into paradoxes? We reassess this “belief-binarization” problem from the perspective of judgment-aggregation theory. Although some similarities between belief binarization and judgment aggregation have been noted before, the literature contains no general study of the implications of aggregation-theoretic impossibility and possibility results for belief binarization. We seek to fill this gap. At the centre of this paper is (...)
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  28. added 2014-08-30
    Luara Ferracioli (2014). The State’s Duty to Ensure Children Are Loved. Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 8 (2):1-19.
    Do children have a right to be loved? An affirmative answer faces two immediate challenges: (i) a child's basic needs can be met without love, therefore a defence of such a right cannot appeal to the role of love in protecting children's most basic needs, and (ii) since love is non-voluntary, it seems that there cannot be a corresponding duty on the part of parents to love their child. In this essay, I defend an affirmative answer that overcomes both of (...)
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  29. added 2014-08-30
    Michaela Rehm & Bernd Ludwig (eds.) (2012). John Locke, „Zwei Abhandlungen über die Regierung“. Akademie-Verlag.
    Even his peers called Locke's political philosophy “The ABC of Politics“: not only does he clarify why one should exit the state of nature (government guarantees protection of life, freedom, and wealth) but also what a good government has to provide. A government should protect individuals from assaults of fellow citizens, other countries, and itself. Locke also shows how to put limits to the power of political institutions: by division of powers, by law, by neutral judges, and by making people (...)
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  30. added 2014-08-30
    Michaela Rehm (2012). „The A. B. C. of Politicks“: Entstehungskontext und Rezeption von Lockes Zwei Abhandlungen über die Regierung. In Michaela Rehm & Bernd Ludwig (eds.), John Locke: „Zwei Abhandlungen über die Regierung“. Akademie-Verlag. 1-16.
    The paper is devoted to demonstrating the systematic value of the “Two Treatises of Government”. Even though their genesis is rooted in the political circumstances of Locke’s life-time, the “Treatises” are not simply a pamphlet designed to support the Whig cause, as Locke’s political ideas are derived from his theoretical philosophy and from his concept of natural law.
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  31. added 2014-08-30
    Michaela Rehm (2012). Vertrag und Vertrauen: Lockes Legitimation von Herrschaft. In Michaela Rehm & Bernd Ludwig (eds.), John Locke: „Zwei Abhandlungen über die Regierung“. Akademie-Verlag. 95-114.
    The paper discusses the foundation and genesis of the political society according to Locke, elaborating why the relationship between the civil society and the government is not defined in contractual terms, but by the notion of “trust”. Rehm argues against the view that Locke supports a liberal proceduralism, stressing that consent for him is indeed the necessary, but not the sufficient condition of legitimate political power: what needs to be added is action in accordance with the law of nature.
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  32. added 2014-08-27
    Speranta Dumitru (2014). From 'Brain Drain' to 'Care Drain': Women's Labor Migration, Methodological Sexism and Care Devaluation. Women's Studies International Forum:x-x.
    The metaphor of “care drain” has been created as a womanly parallel to the “brain drain” idea. Just as “brain drain” suggests that the skilled migrants are an economic loss for the sending country, “care drain” describes the migrant women hired as care workers as a loss of care for their children left behind. This paper criticizes the construction of migrant women as “care drain” for three reasons: 1) it is built on sexist stereotypes, 2) it misrepresents and devalues care (...)
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  33. added 2014-08-26
    S. Matthew Liao (forthcoming). Human Rights as Fundamental Conditions for a Good Life. In Rowan Cruft, S. Matthew Liao & Massimo Renzo (eds.), The Philosophical Foundations of Human Rights. Oxford University Press.
    What grounds human rights? How do we determine that something is a genuine human right? In this paper, I offer a new answer: human beings have human rights to what I call the fundamental conditions for pursuing a good life. These are certain goods, capacities and options that human beings qua human beings need whatever else they (qua individuals) might need in order to pursue a characteristically good human life. I call this the Fundamental Conditions Approach. Among other things, I (...)
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  34. added 2014-08-26
    Alfred Archer & Alan T. Wilson (2014). Against Vote Markets: A Reply To Freiman. Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy:1-5.
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  35. added 2014-08-25
    Tina F. Botts, Liam K. Bright, Myisha Cherry, Guntur Mallarangeng & Quayshawn Spencer (2014). What is the State of Blacks in Philosophy? Critical Philosophy of Race 2 (2):224-242.
    This research note is meant to introduce into philosophical discussion the preliminary results of an empirical study on the state of blacks in philosophy, which is a joint effort of the American Philosophical Association’s Committee on the Status of Black Philosophers (APA CSBP) and the Society of Young Black Philosophers (SYBP). The study is intended to settle factual issues in furtherance of contributing to dialogues surrounding at least two philosophical questions: What, if anything, is the philosophical value of demographic diversity (...)
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  36. added 2014-08-25
    Patrick Turmel (2009). Are Cities Illiberal? Municipal Jurisdictions and the Scope of Liberal Neutrality. Les Ateliers de l'Éthique / the Ethics Forum 4 (2):202-213.
    One of the main characteristics of today’s democratic societies is their pluralism. As a result, liberal political philosophers often claim that the state should remain neutral with respect to different conceptions of the good. Legal and social policies should be acceptable to everyone regard- less of their culture, their religion or their comprehensive moral views. One might think that this commitment to neutrality should be especially pronounced in urban centres, with their culturally diverse populations. However, there are a large number (...)
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  37. added 2014-08-22
    Theron Pummer, The Priority Monster.
    The Priority View implies that we sometimes have nontrivially stronger reason to benefit a person, the worse off in absolute terms this person would be if she did not receive the benefit in question. This view seems plausible. Nonetheless I will argue that it is inconsistent with the conjunction of a number of independently intuitively plausible claims. One such claim is that we should spare a very badly off person from many years of intense pain rather than spare someone else (...)
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  38. added 2014-08-22
    Marc Fleurbaey (forthcoming). Equality Vs Priority: How Relevant is the Distinction? In Christopher Murray (ed.), Fairness and goodness in health. World Health Organization.
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  39. added 2014-08-22
    Christoph Jedan (ed.) (2013). Constellations of Value : European Perspectives on the Intersections of Religion, Politics and Society. LIT.
    In Western public discourse there is a long tradition of opposing secular and religious values. In consequence, religion has been increasingly excluded from the public domain and relegated to the realm of personal motivation. From different perspectives, the present collection of essays shows that religion still has an important role to play in the public domain. In exploring the possibility of a rapprochement between religious and secular values, the contributions to this volume offer important insights for ongoing debates on the (...)
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  40. added 2014-08-22
    Christoph Jedan (2010). Beyond the Secular? Public Reason and the Search for a Concept of Postsecular Legitimacy. In Arie L. Molendijk, Justin Beaumont & Christoph Jedan (eds.), Exploring the Postsecular : The Religious, the Political and the Urban. Brill. 311-327.
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  41. added 2014-08-22
    Dan Brock (2002). Priority to the Worse Off in Health Care Resource Prioritization. In Margaret Battin (ed.), Medicine and Social Justice. Oxford University Press. 373-389.
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  42. added 2014-08-21
    Hilary Greaves, Antiprioritarianism.
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  43. added 2014-08-21
    Gottfried Schweiger (2014). Unemployment, Recognition and Meritocracy. Las Torres de Lucca 4:37-61.
    Unemployment is one of the greatest social problems all around the world including in modern capitalistic welfare states. Therefore its social critique is a necessary task for any critical social philosophy such as Axel Honneth's recognition approach, which understands social justice in terms of social conditions of recognition. This paper aims to develop an evaluation of unemployment and its moral weight from this perspective. I will lay out the recognition approach and present a moral evaluation of unemployment as socially unjust (...)
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  44. added 2014-08-21
    Gottfried Schweiger (2014). What Does a Professional Athlete Deserve? Prolegomena 13 (1):5-20.
    In this paper I sketch a possible answer to the question of what professional athletes deserve for their sporting activities. I take two different backgrounds into account. First, the content and meaning of desert is highly debated within political philosophy and many theorists are sceptical if it has any value for social justice. On the other hand sport is often understood as a meritocracy, in which all prizes or wins should be solely awarded based on merit. I will distinguish three (...)
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  45. added 2014-08-21
    Gottfried Schweiger & Gunter Graf (2014). Poverty and Freedom. Human Affairs 24 (2):258-268.
    The capability approach, which is closely connected to the works of Amartya Sen and Martha Nussbaum, is one possible theoretical framework that could be used to answer the question as to why poverty is a problem from a moral point of view. In this paper we will focus on the normative philosophical capability approach rather than the social scientific and descriptive perspective. We will show that the approach characterizes poverty mainly as a limitation of freedom and that it is precisely (...)
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  46. added 2014-08-21
    Gottfried Schweiger (2013). Poverty and Critique in the Modern Working Society. Critique 41 (4):515-529.
    Poverty is more than a ‘welfare status’ among others. In this paper I want to show that poverty is not only a failure of distribution of income but that it is a state of humiliation. In the first section I will examine poverty knowledge, how poverty is conceptualised and what norms are inherent in the measures of the poor. In the second section I will show that poverty is humiliating because it is bound to failure and deficiency. To be poor (...)
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  47. added 2014-08-21
    Christoph Jedan (2013). Towards the Postsecular : Rawls and the Limits of Secular Public Reason. In , Constellations of Value : European Perspectives on the Intersections of Religion, Politics and Society. LIT. 109-120.
    The article argues that frequently-voiced critiques of Rawls’s political liberalism have been misguided, because the ignore the extent to which Rawls takes his inspiration from a particular historical experience, namely that of the USA. The article suggests that a better model to accommodate the European historical experience would be a ‘symbolic’ presence of religion in public political argument: In a situation of world-view pluralism, politicians are well advised to show how the values and coercive laws they promote can be derived (...)
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  48. added 2014-08-21
    Christoph Jedan (2013). Overcoming the Divide Between Religious and Secular Values. In , Constellations of Value : European Perspectives on the Intersections of Religion, Politics and Society. LIT. 1-15.
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  49. added 2014-08-21
    Christoph Jedan (2010). Religiöse Ethik und säkulare politische Vernunft. Nederlands Theologisch Tijdschrift 64 (2):135-149.
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  50. added 2014-08-20
    Jamie Terence Kelly (2014). Democracy as the Rule of a Small Many. Critical Review 26 (1-2):80-91.
    What is the optimal size of a democratic society? While not taking an explicit stand on this issue, Hélène Landemore's model of democracy in Democratic Reason suggests that democracies ought to be small, certainly smaller than many existing states. If, as Landemore argues, we must rely on the random selection of representatives, then we should be concerned about both the size of the population and the way cognitive diversity is distributed within it. Given the realities of party politics and media (...)
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