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  1. added 2016-05-05
    William E. Scheuerman (2016). Recent Frankfurt Critical Theory: Down on Law? Constellations 23 (1):n/a-n/a.
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  2. added 2016-05-05
    Matthias Doepke (2013). Exploitation, Altruism, and Social Welfare: An Economic Exploration. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 12 (4):375-391.
    Child labor is often condemned as a form of exploitation. I explore how the notion of exploitation, as used in everyday language, can be made precise in economic models of child labor. Exploitation is defined relative to a specific social welfare function. I first show that under the standard dynastic social welfare function, which is commonly applied to intergenerational models, child labor is never exploitative. In contrast, under an inclusive welfare function, which places additional weight on the welfare of children, (...)
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  3. added 2016-05-03
    Uwe Steinhoff (forthcoming). When May Soldiers Participate in War? International Theory.
    I shall argue that in some wars both sides are (as a collective) justified, that is, they can both satisfy valid jus ad bellum requirements. Moreover, in some wars – but not in all – the individual soldiers on the unjustified side (that is, on the side without jus ad bellum) may nevertheless kill soldiers (and also civilians as a side-effect) on the justified side, even if the enemy soldiers always abide by jus in bello constraints. The reason for this (...)
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  4. added 2016-05-03
    Marc A. Cohen (2016). The Question of Public Trust in Business. [REVIEW] Journal of Trust Research 6 (1):96-103.
    Jared D. Harris, Brian T. Moriarty, and Andrew C. Wicks’ recent book collects eleven chapters by well-known scholars on the question of public trust in business, published along with an introduction and conclusion by the editors. But the collection doesn’t make progress on what this reviewer takes to be the two essential questions. This review outlines those questions and then addresses a further, more technical difficulty with the conceptualizations of trust at work across the chapters. The central theme here is (...)
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  5. added 2016-05-01
    Mark R. Reiff (forthcoming). Two Theories of Economic Liberalism. The Adam Smith Review 10.
    Within the Anglo-American world, economic liberalism is generally viewed as having only one progenitor—Adam Smith—and one offspring—neoliberalism. But it actually has two. The work of G. W. F. Hegel was also very influential on the development of economic liberalism, at least in the German-speaking world, and the most powerful contemporary instantiation of economic liberalism within that world is not neoliberlaism, but ordoliberalism, although this is generally unknown and certainly unacknowledged outside of Continental Europe. Accordingly, what I am going to be (...)
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  6. added 2016-04-30
    Gusztáv Kovács (2014). Új szülők, új gyermekek: Miképpen változtatja meg szülői felelősségünket a reprodukciós medicina. PPHF.
    The book discusses the development of reproductive medicine from the perspective of the parent-child relationship. -/- A könyv a reprodukciós medicina fejlődését vizsgálja a szülői felelősség szempontjából.
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  7. added 2016-04-30
    Kovács Gusztáv (2013). Bioethische Themen im Neuen Grundgesetz von Ungarn. ET-Studies 4 (2):341-348.
    Bioethische Themen im Neuen Grundgesetz von Ungarn.
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  8. added 2016-04-28
    Dustin Garlitz (2014). Holy Alliance. In Timothy C. Dowling (ed.), Russia at War: From the Mongol Conquest to Afghanistan, Chechnya, and Beyond. ABC-Clio
  9. added 2016-04-27
    Machiel Keestra, How Do Narratives and Brains Mutually Influence Each Other? Taking Both the ‘Neuroscientific Turn’ and the ‘Narrative Turn’ in Explaining Bio-Political Orders.
    Introduction: the neuroscientific turn in political science The observation that brains and political orders are interdependent is almost trivial. Obviously, political orders require brain processes in order to emerge and to remain in place, as these processes enable action and cognition. Conversely, every since Aristotle coined man as “by nature a political animal” (Aristotle, Pol.: 1252a 3; cf. Eth. Nic.: 1097b 11), this also suggests that the political engagements of this animal has likely consequences for its natural development, including the (...)
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  10. added 2016-04-27
    Thaddeus Metz (forthcoming). A Bioethic of Communion: Beyond Care and the Four Principles with Regard to Reproduction. In Marta Soniewicka (ed.), The Ethics of Reproductive Genetics - Between Utility, Principles, and Virtues. Springer ch. 6.
    English-speaking research on morally right decisions in a healthcare context over the past three decades has been dominated by two major perspectives, namely, the Four Principles, of which the principle of respect for autonomy has been most salient, and the ethic of care, often presented as a rival to not only a focus on autonomy but also a reliance on principles more generally. In my contribution, I present a novel ethic applicable to bioethics, particular as it concerns reproductive genetics, that (...)
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  11. added 2016-04-27
    Thaddeus Metz (2014). Vitality, Community and Human Dignity in Africa. In Alex Michalos (ed.), Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research. Springer 6960-6966.
    Two values salient in the sub-Saharan tradition that are invoked to ground the superlative, equal worth of persons and the human rights to which they are entitled are, first, vitality or 'life-force' and, second, community or relationships of identity and solidarity. This entry, which draws heavily on an article appearing in Human Rights Review (2012), sketches these two conceptions of dignity and presents an overview of key strengths and weaknesses of them.
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  12. added 2016-04-27
    Thaddeus Metz (2010). Human Dignity, Capital Punishment, and an African Moral Theory. In Luis Arroyo, Paloma Biglino & William Schabas (eds.), Towards Universal Abolition of the Death Penalty. Tirant Lo Blanch 337-366.
    In this chapter, a reprint of an article initially appearing in the Journal of Human Rights (2010), I spell out a conception of dignity grounded on African moral thinking that provides a plausible philosophical foundation for human rights, focusing on the particular human right not to be executed by the state. I first demonstrate that the South African Constitutional Court’s sub-Saharan explanations of why the death penalty is degrading all counterintuitively entail that using deadly force against aggressors is degrading as (...)
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  13. added 2016-04-26
    Nathan Stout (forthcoming). Assembling an Army: Considerations for Just War Theory. Journal of Global Ethics.
  14. added 2016-04-26
    Jochen Diekmann, Alfred Gierer, Hans-Jürgen Krupp, Klaus Pinkau, Hans-Joachim Queisser, Fritz Peter Schäfer, Helmut Schaefer, Karl Stephan, Dieter Weiß & Horst Tobias Witt (1991). Sonnenenergie. De Gruyter.
    The book (in German) on “Solar Energy – challenge for research, development and international co-operation” is the report of a study group of the Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin. It reviews solar thermal, photovoltaic, and bio mimetic solar energy techniques; prospects of de-central techniques in developing countries; transport and storage of solar energy; and chances for cooperation with Arabic countries and countries of the South of the former Soviet Union. The prospect of large scale energy production in arid areas, and (...)
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  15. added 2016-04-25
    Seyla Benhabib (forthcoming). The Multivariate Polity or Democratic Fragmentation On Alessandro Ferrara’s The Democratic Horizon: Hyperpluralism and the Renewal of Political Liberalism. Philosophy and Social Criticism:0191453716638765.
    Alessandro Ferrara’s The Democratic Horizon: Hyperpluralism and the Renewal of Political Liberalism poses an important challenge to recent defenders of ‘realism’ in political theory and shows that a renewal of Rawlsian ideal theory is possible. Ferrara focuses on the contemporary condition of ‘hyperpluralism’, in which every comprehensive worldview and religion has to admit the equal validity of at least one other conception, and claims that only a ‘pluralist justification of pluralism’ can lead to a genuine revival of the democratic horizon. (...)
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  16. added 2016-04-25
    Katie Terezakis (2016). Gary Steiner, Animals and the Limits of Postmodernism. Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 36 (1):30-32.
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  17. added 2016-04-25
    Joshua Schulz (2016). The Capabilities Approach and Catholic Social Teaching: An Engagement. Journal of Global Ethics 12 (1):29-47.
    ABSTRACTThis essay brings Martha Nussbaum's politically liberal version of the Capabilities Approach to human development into critical dialogue with the Catholic Social Tradition. Like CST, Nussbaum's focus on embodiment, dependence and dignity entails a social use of property which privileges marginalized people, and both theories explain the underdevelopment of central human capabilities in social rather than exclusively material terms. Whereas CST is metaphysically and theologically ‘thick', however, CA is ‘thin’: its proponents positively eschew metaphysical commitments, believing a commitment to quasi-Rawlsian (...)
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  18. added 2016-04-25
    Christiane Bailey (2016). Le Capitalisme, les animaux et la nature chez Marx. Ithaque:60-86.
  19. added 2016-04-25
    Mateus Salvadori (2015). Justiça, Equidade e Liberalismo em Rawls. Cadernos Do Pet Filosofia 6 (11):1-20.
    A teoria da justiça proposta por John Rawls investiga a estrutura básica da sociedade, tendo como base a justiça política, a justiça pública e a justiça distributiva. Rawls propõe uma teoria que representa uma alternativa ao utilitarismo, pois para o autor os direitos não deverão estar sujeitos à negociações políticas ou sujeitos ao cálculo de interesses sociais. É através do contrato social que Rawls busca apresentar a relação entre justiça, equidade e liberalismo político.: The theory of justice proposed by John (...)
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  20. added 2016-04-25
    Itay Snir (2015). Experts Of Common Sense: Philosophers, Laypeople And Democratic Politics. Humana.Mente Journal of Philosophical Studies 28:187-210.
    This paper approaches the question of the relations between laypeople and experts by examining the relations between <span class='Hi'>common</span> <span class='Hi'>sense</span> and philosophy. The analysis of the philosophical discussions of the concept of <span class='Hi'>common</span> <span class='Hi'>sense</span> reveals how it provides democratic politics with an egalitarian foundation, but also indicates how problematic this foundation can be. The egalitarian foundation is revealed by analyzing arguments for the validity of <span class='Hi'>common</span> <span class='Hi'>sense</span> in the writings of Thomas Reid. (...)
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  21. added 2016-04-25
    David Ingram, How Secular Should Democracy Be? A Cross-Disciplinary Study of Catholicism and Islam in Promoting Public Reason.
    I argue that the same factors that motivated Catholicism to champion liberal democracy are the same that motivate 21st Century Islam to do the same. I defend this claim by linking political liberalism to democratic secularism. Distinguishing institutional, political, and epistemic dimensions of democratic secularism, I show that moderate forms of political and epistemic secularism are most conducive to fostering the kind of public reasoning essential to democratic legitimacy. This demonstration draws upon the ambivalent impact of Indonesia’s Islamic parties in (...)
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  22. added 2016-04-25
    Lawrence Torcello (2014). On the Virtues of Inhospitality: Toward an Ethics of Public Reason and Critical Engagement. Philo 17 (1).
    This article seeks to re-conceptualize Rawlsian public reason as a critical tool against ideological propaganda. The article proposes that public reason, as a standard for public discourse, must be conceptualized beyond its mandate for comprehensive neutrality to additionally emphasize critique of ideologically driven ignorance and propaganda in the public realm. I connect uncritical hospitality to such ideological propaganda with Harry Frankfurt’s concept of bullshit. This paper proposes that philosophers have a unique moral obligation to engage bullshit critically (...)
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  23. added 2016-04-25
    Clare Woodford, From Nora to the BNP: Implications of Cavell’s Critique of Rawls.
    This article examines Cavell's critique of Rawlsian citizenship, namely that Rawls’ desire to seek a democratic way of life in which citizens can reassure themselves that their behaviour has been ‘above reproach’ reflects a distorted and hence inadequate conception of the demands of the moral life. Although the aim to be ‘above reproach’ was only expressed in Rawls’ ‘A Theory of Justice’, I extend Stephen Mulhall's work to show that Cavell's concern holds not only for Rawls’ ‘Political Liberalism’ but also (...)
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  24. added 2016-04-25
    Lubomira V. Radoilska, Public Health Ethics and Liberalism.
    This paper defends a distinctly liberal approach to public health ethics and replies to possible objections. In particular, I look at a set of recent proposals aiming to revise and expand liberalism in light of public health's rationale and epidemiological findings. I argue that they fail to provide a sociologically informed version of liberalism. Instead, they rest on an implicit normative premise about the value of health, which I show to be invalid. I then make explicit the unobvious, republican background (...)
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  25. added 2016-04-25
    Samuel Freeman (2007). Rawls. Routledge.
    In this superb introduction, Samuel Freeman introduces and assesses the main topics of Rawls' philosophy. Starting with a brief biography and charting the influences on Rawls' early thinking, he goes on to discuss the heart of Rawls's philosophy: his principles of justice and their practical application to society. Subsequent chapters discuss Rawls's theories of liberty, political and economic justice, democratic institutions, goodness as rationality, moral psychology, political liberalism, and international justice and a concluding chapter considers Rawls' legacy. Clearly setting out (...)
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  26. added 2016-04-25
    Kok-Chor Tan (2003). Toleration, Diversity, and Global Justice. Penn State University Press.
    The "comprehensive liberalism" defended in this book offers an alternative to the narrower "political liberalism" associated with the writings of John Rawls. By arguing against making tolerance as fundamental a value as individual autonomy, and extending the reach of liberalism to global society, it opens the way for dealing more adequately with problems of human rights and economic inequality in a world of cultural pluralism.
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  27. added 2016-04-25
    Ciaran P. Cronin & Pablo De Greiff (eds.) (2000). The Inclusion of the Other: Studies in Political Theory. The MIT Press.
    edited by Ciaran Cronin and Pablo De Greiff Since its appearance in English translation in 1996, Jürgen Habermas's Between Facts and Norms has become the focus of a productive dialogue between German and Anglo-American legal and political theorists. The present volume contains ten essays that provide an overview of Habermas's political thought since the original appearance of Between Facts and Norms in 1992 and extend his model of deliberative democracy in novel ways to issues untreated in the earlier work.Habermas's theory (...)
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  28. added 2016-04-24
    Frieder Vogelmann (2016). Liberale Subjekte. Eine affirmative Streitschrift. Mittelweg 36 25 (2):74-90.
    n diesem Beitrag zum Scherpunkt "Politische Theorie in der Krise" untersuche ich das von liberalen Theorien produzierte Wissen. Der Beitrag folgt dazu drei Selbstbeschreibungen des politischen Liberalismus, der sich erstens selbst als dominierendes Zentrum der gegenwärtigen Politischen Theorie sieht, der zweitens Anspruch darauf erhebt, mit seinem Wissen die politischen Selbstverständnisse von Bürger_innen anleiten und verändern zu können, und der schließlich drittens seine eigene Wirksamkeit in der Wirklichkeit im Rahmen der Diskussion um ideale und nicht-ideale Theorie verhandelt. Im affirmativen Nachvollzug dieser (...)
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  29. added 2016-04-22
    E. Panagiotarakou (forthcoming). Book Review: Leo Strauss On the Borders of Judaism, Philosophy, and History, by Jeffrey A. Bernstein. [REVIEW] Political Theory.
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  30. added 2016-04-22
    Clea F. Rees (2016). A Virtue Ethics Response to Implicit Bias. In Michael Brownstein & Jennifer Saul (eds.), Implicit Bias and Philosophy, Volume 2: Moral Responsibility, Structural Injustice, and Ethics. Oxford University Press 191-214.
    Virtue ethics faces two challenges based in ‘dual-process’ models of cognition. The classic situationist worry is that we just do not have reliable motivations at all. One promising response invokes an alternative model of cognition which can accommodate evidence cited in support of dual-process models without positing distinct systems for automatic and deliberative processing. The approach appeals to the potential of automatization to habituate virtuous motivations. This response is threatened by implicit bias which raises the worry that we cannot avoid (...)
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  31. added 2016-04-22
    Desh Raj Sirswal, Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar’s Contribution in the Democratic Rights Struggle. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar: The Maker of Modern India.
    लोकतान्त्रिक अधिकार वर्तमान समय का महत्वपूर्ण और प्रसांगिक प्रश्न बन चुका है. देश के भौतिक और आर्थिक विकास की कीमत आम लोगों के लोकतान्त्रिक अधिकारों के हनन के द्वारा दी जा रही है. वर्तमान परिस्थितियाँ हमें किसी सम्भावित सामाजिक क्रांति की ओर अग्रसर कर रहीं है. पिछली शताब्दी की जिस सामाजिक क्रांति की बदौलत भारत में आज हम स्वतन्त्रता, समानता और भ्रातृत्व की बात करते है, उसमें साहूजी महाराज, ज्योतिबा फुले, नारायण गुरु और डॉ. अम्बेडकर का बहुत बड़ा योगदान रहा (...)
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  32. added 2016-04-22
    Merten Reglitz (2016). Medical Brain Drain: Free-Riding, Exploitation, and Global Justice. Moral Philosophy and Politics 3 (1): 67-81.
    In her debate with Michael Blake, Gillian Brock sets out to justify emigration restrictions on medical workers from poor states on the basis of their free-riding on the public investment that their states have made in them in form of a publicly funded education. For this purpose, Brock aims to isolate the question of emigration restrictions from the larger question of responsibilities for remedying global inequalities. I argue that this approach is misguided because it is blind to decisive factors (...)
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  33. added 2016-04-21
    Jonny Anomaly (2016). Review of Brennan and Jaworski, Markets Without Limits. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews:00.
  34. added 2016-04-21
    Subhasis Chattopadhyay (2013). Review of Being Different: An Indian Challenge to Western Universalism. [REVIEW] Prabuddha Bharata or Awakened India 118 (6):407-8.
    Malhotra is generally portrayed by American and European philosophers as a theologian and he is relegated to the backwaters of Hindutva. This review makes a strong case for Malhotra's scholarship and contextualizes him within the domains of philosophy and even Liberation theology. Malhotra's scholarship has been non-pejoratively assessed in this review.
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  35. added 2016-04-20
    Michael Moehler (forthcoming). Impartiality, Priority, and Justice: The Veil of Ignorance Reconsidered. Journal of Social Philosophy.
    In this article, I defend the veil of ignorance against the objection that the device is inadequate for deriving demands of justice, because the veil of ignorance purportedly enforces a stronger form of impartiality than Kant’s categorical imperative and, primarily as a consequence, it generally leads to non-prioritarian conclusions. I show that the moral ideal of impartiality that is expressed by the veil of ignorance is not essentially different from Kant’s notion of impartiality and that it does not generally lead (...)
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  36. added 2016-04-20
    Lucia Rubinelli (forthcoming). How to Think Beyond Sovereignty: On Sieyes and Constituent Power. European Journal of Political Theory:1474885116642170.
    Historians and political theorists have long been interested in how the principle of people’s power was conceptualised during the French Revolution. Traditionally, two diverging accounts emerge, one of national and the other of popular sovereignty, the former associated with moderate monarchist deputies, including the Abbé Sieyes, and the latter with the Jacobins. This paper argues against this binary interpretation of the political thought of the French Revolution, in favour of a third account of people’s power, Sieyes’ idea of pouvoir constituant. (...)
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  37. added 2016-04-20
    Marc-Kevin Daoust (ed.) (2016). Capitalisme, propriété et solidarité. Les Cahiers d'Ithaque.
    Le but de ce recueil est d’offrir des commentaires accessibles et introductifs aux textes classiques qu’ils accompagnent, en ouvrant des perspectives de discussion sur le thème du capitalisme. C’est en ce sens qu’Emmanuel Chaput lance le débat en commentant le texte de Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, « Qu’est-ce que la propriété ? ». Les textes de Karl Marx ne sont bien sûr pas laissés pour compte : Samuel-Élie Lesage s’engage fermement dans cette voie en discutant L’idéologie allemande de Karl Marx, Christiane Bailey (...)
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  38. added 2016-04-19
    Simon Deakin, David Gindis, Geoffrey M. Hodgson, Kainan Huang & Katharina Pistor (forthcoming). Legal Institutionalism: Capitalism and the Constitutive Role of Law. Journal of Comparative Economics.
    Social scientists have paid insufficient attention to the role of law in constituting the economic institutions of capitalism. Part of this neglect emanates from inadequate conceptions of the nature of law itself. Spontaneous conceptions of law and property rights that downplay the role of the state are criticized here, because they typically assume relatively small numbers of agents and underplay the complexity and uncertainty in developed capitalist systems. In developed capitalist economies, law is sustained through interaction between private agents, courts (...)
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  39. added 2016-04-19
    Simon Deakin, David Gindis, Geoffrey M. Hodgson, Kainan Huang & Katharina Pistor (forthcoming). Legal Institutionalism: Capitalism and the Constitutive Role of Law. Journal of Comparative Economics.
    Social scientists have paid insufficient attention to the role of law in constituting the economic institutions of capitalism. Part of this neglect emanates from inadequate conceptions of the nature of law itself. Spontaneous conceptions of law and property rights that downplay the role of the state are criticized here, because they typically assume relatively small numbers of agents and underplay the complexity and uncertainty in developed capitalist systems. In developed capitalist economies, law is sustained through interaction between private agents, courts (...)
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  40. added 2016-04-19
    Messay Kebede (2008). Radicalism and Cultural Dislocation in Ethiopia, 1960-1974. University of Rochester Press.
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  41. added 2016-04-18
    Zi Lin (forthcoming). The Leverage Approach for Sufficiency? Ethical Theory and Moral Practice:1-8.
    Sufficiency principles generally state that it is especially important for justice that people have enough of certain goods, but it can be hard to give a convincing answer as to what level of goods counts as enough. This paper examines a recent sufficiency view by George Sher, who argues that the threshold level of resources and opportunities that the state should provide for each citizen is whatever level gives one enough leverage to obtain further resources and opportunities without inordinate difficulty (...)
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  42. added 2016-04-17
    Antti Kauppinen (forthcoming). Reiluhko mahdollisuus onneen. In Tuomas Tahko (ed.), Mahdollisuus.
  43. added 2016-04-17
    Ken Levy (2017). Why Justice Scalia Was Wrong: The Fallacies of Constitutional Textualism. Lewis and Clark Law Review 21 (1).
    My article concerns constitutional interpretation and substantive due process, issues that played a central role in Obergefell v. Hodges (2015), one of the two same-sex marriage cases. (The other same-sex marriage case was United States v. Windsor (2013).) -/- The late Justice Scalia consistently maintained that the Court “invented” substantive due process and continues to apply this legal “fiction” not because the Constitution supports it but simply because the justices like it. Two theories underlay his cynical conclusion. First is the (...)
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  44. added 2016-04-17
    Subhasis Chattopadhyay (2013-15 (?)). Open to Scrutiny: An Outsider Hears the Bhadu and the Tushu. In Achintya Mandal & Mrinal Dhank (eds.), n.a. N.A.
    This is a very brief paper on subaltern songs.
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  45. added 2016-04-17
    Subhasis Chattopadhyay (2008). Is the Carnage Necessary: A Hindu Critique. Catholic Herald, Kolkata:n.p..
    This is a Hindu take on violence perpetrated on Christians.
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  46. added 2016-04-17
    Alfred Gierer (1981). Socioeconomic Inequalities: Effects of Self-Enhancement, Depletion and Redistribution. Jahrbücher für Nationalökonomie Und Statistik 196 (4):309-331.
    Socioeconomic inequalities are functions not only of intrinsic differences between persons or groups, but also of the dynamics of their interactions. Inequalities can arise and become stabilized if there are advantages (such as generalized wealth including “human capital”) which are self-enhancing, whereas depletion of limiting resources is widely distributed. A recent theory of biological pattern formation has been generalized, adapted and applied to deal with this process. Applications include models for the non-Gaussian distribution of personal income and wealth, for overall (...)
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  47. added 2016-04-15
    Javier Burdman (forthcoming). Between Banality and Radicality: Arendt and Kant on Evil and Responsibility. European Journal of Political Theory:1474885116640725.
    The paper reads Kant’s notion of radical evil as anticipating and clarifying problematic aspects of what Arendt called ‘the banality of evil’. By reconstructing Arendt’s varied analyses of this notion throughout her later writings, I show that the main theoretical challenge posed by it concerns the adjudication of responsibility for evil deeds that seem to lack recognisable evil intentions. In order to clarify this issue, I turn to a canonical text in which the relationship between evil and responsibility plays a (...)
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  48. added 2016-04-15
    Dustin Garlitz (2014). War Communism. In Timothy C. Dowling (ed.), Russia at War: From the Mongol Conquest to Afghanistan, Chechnya, and Beyond. ABC-Clio
  49. added 2016-04-15
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