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Subcategories:History/traditions: Social Epistemology
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  1. Richard I. Aaron (1945). Our Knowledge of Universals Annual Philosophical Lecture, Henriette Hertz Trust, British Academy, 1945.
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  2. Tahir Abbas (2011). Muslim-on-Muslim Social Research: Knowledge, Power and Religio-Cultural Identities. Social Epistemology 24 (2):123-136.
    This paper provides a detailed discussion of the questions relating to the role of the researcher in relation to the researched when the researcher and the researched are both of Muslim origin. Issues relating to questions of objectivity, transparency, bias and interpretation are elaborated upon as part of the analysis of impacts and outcomes in relation to methodological process. It is argued that, ultimately, the subjective positions of researcher and researched are less important than the objective nature of the research (...)
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  3. Alien Abduction, Inference To & Best Explanation (2007). Peter Lipton. Episteme 7:239.
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  4. Pnina G. Abir-Am (1992). Special Issue: Historical Ethnography of Scientific Rituals. Social Epistemology 6 (4).
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  5. Paulo Abrantes & F. P. L. Almeida (2006). Criacionismo e darwinismo confrontam-se nos tribunais... da razão e do direito. Episteme 11 (24):357-402.
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  6. Paulo Abrantes & Fábio Portela Lopes de Almeida (2006). Criacionismo e darwinismo confrontam-se nos tribunais... da razão e do direito. Episteme 24.
    Neste artigo examinamos os aspectos epistemológicos e jurídicos dacontrovérsia que opõe darwinistas e criacionistas no contexto de decisõesacerca do currículo nas escolas públicas. Essa controvérsia, já antiga epersistente no cenário norte-americano, adquiriu recentemente relevo noBrasil por meio da Lei Estadual n. 3.459/2000, do Estado do Rio de Janeiro.A primeira seção do artigo expõe as principais teses defendidas pelosdarwinistas e pelos criacionistas. Mostramos que os criacionistasmodificaram o modo como apresentaram suas convicções centrais, emfunção das decisões judiciais que têm impedido o ensino (...)
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  7. Krzysztof Abriszewski & Maciej Frackowiak (2012). McLuhan Meets Derrida and Cholera in the Study on Science. Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies 3 (T):195-206.
    The present text is a special kind of an introduction to the study “Visualization and Cognition” by Bruno Latour, structurally referring to the “A prologue in form of a dialogue between a Student and his Socratic Professor” by the same author. There emerges a picture of one of Latour’s two most important works on science, the source of his most important findings in this field, a classic of the area of visual anthropology. As shown by the authors, “Visualization …” gives (...)
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  8. Joint Acceptance (2010). Hanne Andersen. Episteme 7:248-65.
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  9. Juan José Acero (2006). La Naturalizacion De La Intencionalidad. Episteme 26 (1):01-39.
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  10. María del Rosario Acosta López (2008). ¿ Una superación estética del deber?: La crítica de Schiller a Kant. Episteme 28 (2):03-24.
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  11. María del Rosario Acosta López (2007). Tragedia y modernidad en la teoría sobre lo sublime de Friedrich Schiller. Episteme 27 (2):147-168.
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  12. Lisa Adkins (2013). Ontological Bourdieu? A Reply to Simon Susen. Social Epistemology 27 (3-4):295-301.
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  13. Of Admissibility (forthcoming). Michael J. Saks. Episteme.
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  14. Joseph Agassi (1972). Sociologism in Philosophy of Science. Metaphilosophy 3 (2):103–122.
    SummaryIn a nutshell, the present essay claims this: First, the classical problem of knowledge has recently shifted from, How do I know? to, How do we know?–from psychology to sociology. As a phenomenological matter this is a great improvement, as a solution to the problem of rationality it is erroneous and immoral. The problem, should I act, believe, etc., this or that? is answered: You should do so on the authority of your reason. But change the problem of rationality in (...)
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  15. Evandro Agazzi (ed.) (2004). Valore E Limiti Del Senso Comune. F. Angeli.
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  16. Carlos Gabriel Candia Aguilar, Brenda Nava Gutiérrez, Edaly Karenine Quezada Guzmán & Andrea Saraí Ramírez (2006). Rentabilidad de los huertos familiares. Episteme 2 (8).
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  17. Shaima Ahammed (2015). The Essential Fit Between Qualitative Methodology and Emirati Population: Towards Meaningful Social Science Research in UAE. Social Epistemology 29 (3):344-358.
    One of the most fundamental problems plaguing the state of social science research in the United Arab Emirates is the lack of methodologies that appropriately respond to the cultural context of the country. Most social science research published from the region has merely transplanted Western quantitative methods and has proved ineffective as very few social problems in UAE have been appropriately responded to by social science research. This paper suggests the use of qualitative methods to make social science research in (...)
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  18. Kristoffer Ahlstrom-Vij (forthcoming). Censoring Online Bullshit. Iride.
    Online bullshit consists in online claims offered by speakers misrepresenting themselves as being concerned about the truth or falsity of what they’re saying. I’ll argue that if some practice is epistemically detrimental, we have pro tanto reason to censor it; a practice of OB is epistemically detrimental; and we thereby have pro tanto reason to censor such a practice. After having considered, and rejected, the three most promising arguments to the effect that is either false, or the reasons involved tend (...)
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  19. Kristoffer Ahlstrom-Vij (forthcoming). Is There a Problem With Cognitive Outsourcing? Philosophical Issues 26.
    To what extent can we rely on others for information without such reliance becoming epistemically problematic? In this paper, this question is addressed in terms of a specific form of reliance: cognitive outsourcing. Cognitive outsourcing involves handing over (outsourcing) one’s information collection and processing (the cognitive) to others. The specific question that will be asked about such outsourcing is if there is an epistemic problem about cognitive outsourcing as such. To ask if there is an epistemic problem with x for (...)
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  20. Kristoffer Ahlstrom-Vij (forthcoming). Information Markets. In D. Coady, K. Lippert-Rasmussen & K. Brownlee (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Applied Philosophy.
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  21. Kristoffer Ahlstrom-Vij (forthcoming). The Epistemic Benefits of Democracy: A Critical Perspective. In N. J. L. L. Pedersen, M. Fricker, P. Graham & D. Henderson (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Social Epistemology.
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  22. Kristoffer Ahlstrom-Vij (2014). Procedural Justice and the Problem of Intellectual Deference. Episteme 11 (4):423-442.
    It is a well-established fact that we tend to underestimate our susceptibility to cognitive bias on account of overconfidence, and thereby often fail to listen to intellectual advice aimed at reducing such bias. This is the problem of intellectual deference. The present paper considers this problem in contexts where educators attempt to teach students how to avoid bias for purposes of instilling epistemic virtues. It is argued that recent research in social psychology suggests that we can come to terms with (...)
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  23. Kristoffer Ahlstrom-Vij (2013). Epistemic Paternalism: A Defence. Palgrave Macmillan.
    We know that we are fallible creatures, liable to cognitive bias. But we also have a strong and stubborn tendency to overestimate our reasoning capacities. This presents a problem for any attempt to help us reason in more accurate ways: While we might see the point of others heeding intellectual advice and relying on reasoning aids, each and every one of us will tend not to see the point of doing so ourselves. The present book argues that the solution to (...)
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  24. Kristoffer Ahlstrom-Vij, Klemens Kappel & Nikolaj Jang Lee Linding Pedersen (2013). The Epistemology of Inclusiveness. Synthese 190 (7):1185-1188.
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  25. Auṣāf Aḥmad (ed.) (2011). The Elements of Bias in Social Science Research. Institute of Objective Studies.
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  26. José Ahumada (1998). Procesamiento de Informacion en Maquinas Biologicas. Episteme 7.
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  27. José Ahumada & Pío García (1998). Descubrimiento Cientifico y Busqueda de Patrones. Episteme 7.
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  28. Professur Prof Dr Max Albert (2011). Publikationen. Episteme 8:165-183.
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  29. Linda Martín Alcoff (2010). Epistemic Identities. Episteme 7 (2):128-137.
    This paper explores the significant strengths of Fricker's account, and then develops the following questions. Can volitional epistemic practice correct for non-volitional prejudices? How can we address the structural causes of credibility-deflation? Are the motivations behind identity prejudice mostly other-directed or self-directed? And does Fricker aim for neutrality vis-à-vis identity, in which case her account conflicts with standpoint theory?
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  30. Mariel Alejandra Ale, Cristian Gerarduzzi, Omar Chiotti & Maria Rosa Galli, Onto-Dom: A Question-Answering Ontology-Based Strategy for Heterogeneous Knowledge Sources.
    Despite a large number of Knowledge Management (KM) initiatives implemented in organizations, they often fail to manage the natural heterogeneity of organizational knowledge sources. Many approaches to KM have been only based on new information systems technologies to capture all the possible knowledge of an organization into databases that would make it easily accessible to all employees. To overcome heterogeneity, documentation overload and lack of context this article proposes Onto-DOM, a question-answering ontology-based strategy within a Distributed Organizational Memory.
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  31. Eva Valdez Alemán, Beatriz García de Luna & Alejandro Medina (2006). Uso de software educativo en la solución de problemas. Episteme 2 (7).
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  32. J. McKenzie Alexander (2009). Social Deliberation: Nash, Bayes, and the Partial Vindication of Gabriele Tarde. Episteme 6 (2):164-184.
    At the very end of the 19th century, Gabriele Tarde wrote that all society was a product of imitation and innovation. This view regarding the development of society has, to a large extent, fallen out of favour, and especially so in those areas where the rational actor model looms large. I argue that this is unfortunate, as models of imitative learning, in some cases, agree better with what people actually do than more sophisticated models of learning. In this paper, I (...)
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  33. Jason McKenzie Alexander, Johannes Himmelreich & Christopher Thompson (2015). Epistemic Landscapes, Optimal Search, and the Division of Cognitive Labor. Philosophy of Science 82 (3):424-453.
    This article examines two questions about scientists’ search for knowledge. First, which search strategies generate discoveries effectively? Second, is it advantageous to diversify search strategies? We argue pace Weisberg and Muldoon, “Epistemic Landscapes and the Division of Cognitive Labor”, that, on the first question, a search strategy that deliberately seeks novel research approaches need not be optimal. On the second question, we argue they have not shown epistemic reasons exist for the division of cognitive labor, identifying the errors that led (...)
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  34. Explanationism All & Way Down (forthcoming). Ronald J. Allen. Episteme.
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  35. Guy-H. Allard (1992). "Science in Action: How to Follow Scientists and Engineers Through Society", Par Bruno Latour. [REVIEW] Dialogue 31:129.
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  36. Yann Allard‐Tremblay (2016). Divide and Rule Better: On Subsidiarity, Legitimacy and the Epistemic Aim of Political Decision‐Making. Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (2).
    How should a political society be structured so as to legitimately distribute political power? One principle advanced to answer this question is the principle of subsidiarity. According to this principle, the default locus of political power is with the lowest competent political unit. This article argues that subsidiarity is a structural principle of a conception of political legitimacy informed by epistemic considerations. Broadly, the argument is that political societies organised according to the principle of subsidiarity can more effectively achieve political (...)
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  37. Barry Allen (1996). Forbidding Knowledge. The Monist 79 (2):294-310.
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  38. Derek Allen, Commentary On: Fred J. Kauffeld's "The Epistemic Relevance of Social Considerations in Ordinary Day-to-Day Presumptions".
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  39. Carl Martin Allwood (2011). On the Foundation of the Indigenous Psychologies. Social Epistemology 25 (1):3-14.
    Scientific indigenous psychologies have been developed mostly in non?western countries. Indigenous psychologies, seeing mainstream psychology as too western in its cultural foundation, are based on the culture of the society being investigated. In this article I critique the concept of culture used by representative researchers of indigenous psychologies in the English?language literature and contrast it to current concepts of culture in the social sciences. Furthermore, I argue that the concept of culture used in this literature has implications for the cultural (...)
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  40. Carl Martin Allwood (2011). On the Use of the Culture Concept in the Indigenous Psychologies: Reply to Hwang and Liu. Social Epistemology 25 (2):141 - 152.
    The culture concept used in the indigenous psychologies is important since these psychologies aim to be rooted in the local culture of the research participants. Culture is an empirical phenomenon. Thus, the extent to which meaning content is shared in a society, and by what categories of people, is an empirical issue. It should not be solved by default by the use of a culture concept that assumes that all cultural content is shared. The philosophical and pragmatic?political reasons suggested by (...)
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  41. Carlos Almaça (2002). Reino Animal. Episteme 15:97-106.
    A fauna sul-americana evolveu durante dezenas de milhões de anos em isolamento dos outros continentes. Isso conferiu-lhe um carácter muito particular, comprovado pelo enorme número de táxones endémicos da divisão biogeográfica em que se inclue o sub-continente – Região Neotropical.Quando os descobridores e colonizadores abordaram e foram penetrando no Brasil, no século XVI e seguintes, deparou-se-lhes uma fauna – abundante na época –, diversificada e estranha ao seu conhecimento da fauna europeia, quando muito também de algumas espécies asiáticas e africanas. (...)
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  42. Carol Lynn Alpert (2011). Broadening and Deepening the Impact: A Theoretical Framework for Partnerships Between Science Museums and STEM Research Centres. Social Epistemology 23 (3):267-281.
    The requirement by the National Science Foundation (NSF) that research proposals include plans for “broader impact” activities to foster connections between Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM) research and service to society has been controversial since it was first introduced. A chief complaint is that the requirement diverts time and resources from the focus of research and toward activities for which researchers may not be well prepared. This paper describes the theoretical framework underlying a new strategy to pair NSF-funded nano (...)
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  43. Ma del Pilar Abaroa Álvarez, Karen Lizeth Cervantes Suárez, Ingrid Xiomara Díaz Nava, Ximena Luna Torres & Dalia Sierra Corona (2005). ¿ Cómo se reflejan, en las mujeres queretanas de la actualidad, las principales transformaciones sociales que ha sufrido el maquillaje a lo largo de la historia? Episteme 2 (5).
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  44. María Carolina Álvarez (2009). El Desplome de la Dicotomía Hecho/Valor y Otros Ensayos. Episteme 29 (1):149-153.
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  45. María Carolina Álvarez (2008). Observaciones preliminares sobre la función de la imaginación en la filosofía ética Kantiana. Episteme 28 (2):119-128.
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  46. Railda F. Alves, Maria do Carmo E. Brasileiro & Suerde M. De O. Brito (2004). Interdisciplinaridade: um conceito em construção. Episteme 19 (2).
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  47. Railda Alves, Maria do Carmo Brasileiro & Suerde de O. Brito (2004). Interdisciplinaridade: um conceito em construção. Episteme 19.
    Este artigo aborda a interdisciplinaridade de forma histórica e crítica. Evidencia as filosofias de base: a filosofia do sujeito e o marxismo dialético, localizando a Teoria das Representações Sociais nesse contexto. A filosofia do sujeito limita-se a uma concepção a-histórica do objeto filosófico científico, interdisciplinaridade, cujo processo de especialização e disciplinaridade é entendido como doença a ser curada pelas práticas interdisciplinares. O paradigma marxista dialético, contrariando tal perspectiva, defende a impossibilidade de concebê-la fora dos moldes deprodução em vigor, pois é (...)
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  48. Omar Fernandes Aly (2008). Resenha: Leibniz e o nascimento do cálculo diferencial. Episteme 27.
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  49. Filomena Amador (2007). A Função Epistemológica Das Imagens Na Geologia Histórica – Perspectiva Evolutiva. Episteme 26.
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  50. Marise Basso Amaral (1997). A disciplina da natureza ea natureza das disciplinas: a ciência como produção cultural-relatos de um encontro com Timothy Lenoir. Episteme 2 (4).
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