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Substance

Edited by Andrew J. Jaeger (University of Nebraska, Lincoln)
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  1. Robert Merrihew Adams (2002). Review: Substance and Individuation in Leibniz. [REVIEW] Mind 111 (444):851-855.
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  2. Edwin B. Allaire (1964). The Attack on Substance: Descartes to Hume. Dialogue 3 (03):284-287.
  3. D. J. Allan (1964). Being or Substance? The Classical Review 14 (02):154-.
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  4. Robert Ammerman (1965). Our Knowledge of Substance According to Locke. Theoria 31 (1):1-8.
  5. Lucas Angioni (2010). Prioridade e substância na metafísica de Aristóteles. Dois Pontos 7 (3):75-106.
    Pretendo neste artigo analisar as noções de prioridade reconhecidas por Aristóteles e examinar quais são os tipos de prioridade pelos quais ele demarca a primazia da substância em sua metafísica. Tentarei mostrar que a interpretação tradicional, que entende a prioridade ontológica da substância em termos de “existência independente”, não pode ser aceita. Em vez de prioridade em termos de existência, Aristóteles atribui à substância uma prioridade em termos de completude, bem como propõe certo tipo de prioridade causalexplanatória como característica das (...)
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  6. Julia Annas (1977). Aristotle on Substance, Accident and Plato's Forms. Phronesis 22 (2):146-160.
  7. Elizabeth Anscombe (1989). The Simplicity of the Tractatus. Critica 21 (63):3 - 16.
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  8. Richard T. W. Arthur (2010). Leibniz: Body, Substance, Monad. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 18 (4):721-724.
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  9. M. R. Ayers (1994). The Foundations of Knowledge and the Logic of Substance. In G. A. J. Rogers (ed.), Locke's Philosophy: Content and Context. Oxford University Press. 49--73.
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  10. M. R. Ayers (1975). The Ideas of Power and Substance in Locke's Philosophy. Philosophical Quarterly 25 (98):1-27.
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  11. Michael Ayers (1991). Substance: Prolegomena to a Realist Theory of Identity. Journal of Philosophy 88 (2):69-90.
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  12. Jules A. Baisnée (1942). Experience and Substance. New Scholasticism 16 (4):393-399.
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  13. David Bakhurst (2004). Sameness and Substance Renewed by David Wiggins, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001, Pp. XVI + 257. Philosophy 79 (1):133-141.
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  14. Steven Baldner (1990). Substance and Modern Science. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 64 (4):569-571.
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  15. Thomas Baldwin (1982). Sameness and Substance By David Wiggins Oxford: Blackwell, 1980, Xi + 238 Pp., £12.50Objects and Identity By Harold Noonan The Hague: Nijhoff, 1980, Xiv+176 Pp., 60 Guilders. [REVIEW] Philosophy 57 (220):269-.
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  16. Gordon Barnes (2001). Should Property-Dualists Be Substance-Hylomorphists? Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 75:285-299.
    In recent years there has been a resurgence of interest in property dualism—the view that some mental properties are neither identical with, nor strongly supervenient on, physical properties. One of the principal objections to this view is that, according to natural science, the physical world is a causally closed system. So if mental properties are really distinct from physical properties, then it would seem that mental properties never really cause anything that happens in the physical world. Thus, dualism threatens to (...)
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  17. Michael Baur (1996). Heidegger and Aquinas on the Self as Substance. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 70 (3):317-337.
  18. F. J. Beckwith (2004). The Explanatory Power of the Substance View of Persons. Christian Bioethics 10 (1):33-54.
    The purpose of this essay is to offer support for the substance view of persons, the philosophical anthropology defended by Patrick Lee in his essay. In order to accomplish this the author (1) presents a brief definition of the substance view; (2) argues that the substance view has more explanatory power in accounting for why we believe that human persons are intrinsically valuable even when they are not functioning as such (e.g., when one is temporarily comatose), why human persons remain (...)
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  19. Jonathan Beere (2006). Potentiality and the Matter of Composite Substance. Phronesis 51 (4):303-329.
    The paper examines the connection between Aristotle's theory of generated substance and his notion of potentiality in "Metaphysics" Θ.7. Aristotle insists that the matter of a substance is not what that substance is, against a competing view that was widely held both in his day and now. He coined the term thaten (ἐ[unrepresentable symbol]νινονον) in order to make this point. The term highlights a systematic correspondence between the metaphysics of matter and of quality: the relationship between a thing and its (...)
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  20. Jonathan Beere (2006). Potentiality and the Matter of Composite Substance. Phronesis 51 (4):303 - 329.
    The paper examines the connection between Aristotle's theory of generated substance and his notion of potentiality in "Metaphysics" Θ.7. Aristotle insists that the matter of a substance is not what that substance is, against a competing view that was widely held both in his day and now. He coined the term thaten (ἐ[unrepresentable symbol]νινονον) in order to make this point. The term highlights a systematic correspondence between the metaphysics of matter and of quality: the relationship between a thing and its (...)
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  21. Jonathan Bennett (1965). Substance, Reality, and Primary Qualities. American Philosophical Quarterly 2 (January):1-17.
  22. D. Bidney (1936). The Problem of Substance in Spinoza and Whitehead. Philosophical Review 45 (6):574-592.
  23. Thomas Bittner & Barry Smith (2001). A Taxonomy of Granular Partitions. In Spatial Information Theory. Foundations of Geographic Information Science. Lecture Notes in Computer Science 2205.
    In this paper we propose a formal theory of partitions (ways of dividing up or sorting or mapping reality) and we show how the theory can be applied in the geospatial domain. We characterize partitions at two levels: as systems of cells (theory A), and in terms of their projective relation to reality (theory B). We lay down conditions of well-formedness for partitions and we define what it means for partitions to project truly onto reality. We continue by classifying well-formed (...)
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  24. Steven Boër (1985). Substance and Kind: Reflections on New Theory of Reference. In B. K. Matilal & J. L. Shaw (eds.), Analytical Philosophy in Comparative Perspective. D. Reidel. 103-50.
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  25. Paul A. Bogaard (2006). After Substance: How Aristotle's Question Still Bears on the Philosophy of Chemistry. Philosophy of Science 73 (5):853-863.
    This article will explore whether there are arguments for Aristotle's concept mixis which can aid our current discussions within the philosophy of chemistry. We remain troubled by the way and extent to which chemical substance in bulk can be identified with or reduced to the stability and structure of molecules, and whether these in turn can be identified with or reduced to elemental atoms and the quantum theoretical characterization of their electrons. Aristotle was as determined as we are to think (...)
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  26. Sheilah O'Flynn Brennan (1977). Substance Within Substance. Process Studies 7 (1):14-26.
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  27. Justin Broackes (2006). Substance. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 106 (1):131–166.
    The categorial concepts of substance (thing) and substance (stuff) are described, and the conceptual relationships between things and their constitutive stuff delineated. The relationship between substance concepts, expressed by other count-nouns, and natural kind concepts is examined. Artefacts and their parts are argued to be substances, whereas parts of organisms are not. The confusions of seventeenth- and eighteenth-century philosophers who invoked the concept of substance are adumbrated.
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  28. C. D. Broad, Berkeley's Argument About Material Substance (1942).
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  29. C. D. Broad (1954). Berkeley's Denial of Material Substance. Philosophical Review 63 (2):155-181.
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  30. Henry R. Burke (1936). Substance and Accident in the Philosophy of Descartes. New Scholasticism 10 (4):338-382.
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  31. Scott Campbell (2001). Persons and Substances. Philosophical Studies 104 (3):253-67.
    I have argued elsewhere that the psychological criterion of personalidentity entails that a person is not an object, but a series ofpsychological events. As this is somewhat counter-intuitive,I consider whether the psychological theorist can argue that a person, while not a substance, exists in a way that is akin to theway that substances exist. I develop ten criteria that such a`quasi-substance' should meet, and I argue that a reasonablecase can be made to show that the psychological theorist's conception of a (...)
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  32. Chad Carmichael (2013). The Universe As We Find It, by John Heil. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2013.
    In this ambitious work, John Heil presents a fundamental ontology (chapters 1-8) consisting of finitely many substances and their properties (which he thinks of as particular, trope-like things), together with an account of causation, truthmaking, and a chapter on relations generally. He then applies this ontology (chapters 9-12) to a number of outstanding problems about reductionism, kinds, essences, emergence, consciousness, cognition, and much else. A final chapter reprises the main points about fundamental ontology from the first chapters.
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  33. Ernst Cassirer (1923/2003). Substance and Function. Dover Publications.
    In this double-volume work, a great modern philosopher propounds a system of thought in which Einstein's theory of relativity represents only the latest (albeit the most radical) fulfillment of the motives inherent to mathematics and the physical sciences. In the course of its exposition, it touches upon such topics as the concept of number, space and time, geometry, and energy; Euclidean and non-Euclidean geometry; traditional logic and scientific method; mechanism and motion; Mayer's methodology of natural science; Richter's definite proportions; relational (...)
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  34. Alan Chalmers (2004). Giving `Substance' to Chemistry. Metascience 13 (1):109-111.
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  35. Chung-Hwan Chen (1957). Aristotle's Concept of Primary Substance in Books Z and H of the "Metaphysics". Phronesis 2 (1):46 - 59.
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  36. Chung-Hwan Chen (1957). Aristotle's Concept of Primary Substance in Books Z and H of the Metaphysics. Phronesis 2 (1):46-59.
  37. Roderick M. Chisholm (1978). Brentano's Conception of Substance and Accident. Grazer Philosophische Studien 5:197-210.
    Brentano uses terms in place of predicates (e.g. "a thinker" in place of "thinks") and characterizes the "is" of predication in terms of the part-whole relation. Taking as his ontological data certain intentional phenomena that are apprehended with certainty, he conceives the substance-accident relation as a defmeable type of part-whole relation which we can apprehend in "inner perception". He is then able to distinguish the following types of individual or ens reale: substances; primary individuals which are not substances; accidents; aggregates; (...)
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  38. Arkadiusz Chrudzimski (2011). Realistyczne teorie uniwersaliów (realist theories of universals). In Sebastian Kołodziejczyk (ed.), Przewodnik po Metafizyce. WAM.
    This is a general introduction to the metaphysics o universals.
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  39. Ralph W. Clark (1976). The Bundle Theory of Substance. New Scholasticism 50 (4):490-503.
    In this article i defend the claim that an individual is no more and no less than a bundle of instances of properties against the following objections: (1) the concept of an instance of a property presupposes the concept of an individual. i argue that it presupposes only that no instance of a property exists independently of other instances. (2) if a thing were only a bundle of instances of properties, then properties would qualify properties. this objection commits the fallacy (...)
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  40. John J. Cleary (1998). Aristotle on Nature and Incomplete Substance. Ancient Philosophy 18 (2):492-495.
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  41. S. Marc Cohen (2009). Substances. In Georgios Anagnostopoulos (ed.), A Companion to Aristotle. Blackwell-Wiley.
    This is a survey of Aristotle's development of the concept of substance in the Categories and Book VII (Zeta) of the Metaphysics. We begin with the Categories conception of a primary substance as that which is not "in a subject" -- i.e., not ontologically dependent on anything else -- and also not "said of a subject" -- i.e., not predicated of any item beneath it in its categorial tree. This gives us the idea of primary substances as ontologically basic individuals, (...)
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  42. S. Marc Cohen (1992). Substance and Essence in Aristotle. [REVIEW] Philosophical Review 101:838-40.
    Review of Substance and Essence in Aristotle: an Interpretation of Metaphysics VII-IX, by Charlotte Witt (Cornell University Press: 1989).
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  43. S. Marc Cohen (1982). Divine Substance. [REVIEW] Noûs 16:334-39.
    Review of Divine Substance, by Christopher Stead (Oxford, Clarendon Press: 1977).
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  44. Sheldon M. Cohen (1996). Aristotle on Nature and Incomplete Substance. Cambridge University Press.
    This book examines Aristotle's metaphysics and his account of nature, stressing the ways in which his desire to explain observed natural processes shaped his philosophical thought. It departs radically from a tradition of interpretation, in which Aristotle is understood to have approached problems with a set of abstract principles in hand, principles derived from critical reflection on the views of his predecessors. A central example of the book interprets Aristotle's essentialism as deriving from an examination of the kinds of unity (...)
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  45. Phil Corkum (2013). Substance and Independence in Aristotle. In B. Schnieder, A. Steinberg & M. Hoeltje (eds.), Varieties of Dependence: Ontological Dependence, Supervenience, and Response-Dependence. Basic Philosophical Concepts Series, Philosophia Verlag. 36-67.
    Individual substances are the ground of Aristotle’s ontology. Taking a liberal approach to existence, Aristotle accepts among existents entities in such categories other than substance as quality, quantity and relation; and, within each category, individuals and universals. As I will argue, individual substances are ontologically independent from all these other entities, while all other entities are ontologically dependent on individual substances. The association of substance with independence has a long history and several contemporary metaphysicians have pursued the connection. In this (...)
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  46. D. R. Cousin (1935). Aristotle's Doctrine of Substance. Mind 44 (174):168-185.
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  47. D. R. Cousin (1935). Aristotle's Doctrine of Substance (II). Mind 44 (174):319-337.
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  48. D. R. Cousin (1933). Aristotle's Doctrine of Substance. Mind 42 (167):319-337.
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  49. Spyridon George Couvalis (2011). Aristotle on Non-Contradiction. In Michael Tsianikas (ed.), Greek Research in Australia. Department of Modern Greek. 36-43.
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  50. J. A. Cover (1999). Substance and Individuation in Leibniz. Cambridge University Press.
    This book offers a sustained re-evaluation of the most central and perplexing themes of Leibniz's metaphysics. In contrast to traditional assessments that view the metaphysics in terms of its place among post-Cartesian theories of the world, Jan Cover and John O'Leary-Hawthorne examine the question of how the scholastic themes which were Leibniz's inheritance figure - and are refigured - in his mature account of substance and individuation. From this emerges a fresh and sometimes surprising assessment of Leibniz's views on modality, (...)
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