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Technology Ethics

Edited by Hector MacIntyre (University of Lethbridge)
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  1. Günter Abel (ed.) (2007). Lebenswelten Und Technologien. Parerga.
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  2. Johann S. Ach, Bettina Schöne-Seifert & Ludwig Siep (2006). Totipotenz und Potentialität: Zum moralischen Status von Embryonen bei unterschiedlichen Varianten der Gewinnung humaner embryonaler Stammzellen. Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 11 (1):261-321.
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  3. Barbara Advena-Regnery (2005). Klonierung beim Menschen – Biologisches Substrat und Entwicklung. Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 10 (1):313-321.
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  4. European Academies Science Advisory (2009). Ecosystem Services and Biodiversity in Europe. Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 14 (1).
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  5. Oseni Taiwo Afisi, Scientific–Technological Revolution: A Means of Enhanced Productivity in Human Society.
    The history of the modern world has recorded remarkable achievements and progress in the quality of life of people thanks to the developments of science and technology. Although man’s development of science and technology is said to date back to inception of the human society, the tremendous influence of the 18th century industrial revolution first in Europe and later the rest of the world, on the scientific and technological revolution that occurred during the early 1900s cannot be gainsaid. The world (...)
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  6. Oseni Taiwo Afisi, Scientific–Technological Revolution: A Means of Enhanced Productivity in Human Society.
    The history of the modern world has recorded remarkable achievements and progress in the quality of life of people thanks to the developments of science and technology. Although man’s development of science and technology is said to date back to inception of the human society, the tremendous influence of the 18th century industrial revolution first in Europe and later the rest of the world, on the scientific and technological revolution that occurred during the early 1900s cannot be gainsaid. The world (...)
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  7. Govindasamy Agoramoorthy (forthcoming). Multiple First Authors as Equal Contributors: Is It Ethical? Science and Engineering Ethics:1-3.
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  8. J. Félix Lozano Aguilar (2006). Developing an Ethical Code for Engineers: The Discursive Approach. Science and Engineering Ethics 12 (2):245-256.
    From the Hippocratic Oath on, deontological codes and other professional self-regulation mechanisms have been used to legitimize and identify professional groups. New technological challenges and, above all, changes in the socioeconomic environment require adaptable codes which can respond to new demands. We assume that ethical codes for professionals should not simply focus on regulative functions, but must also consider ideological and educative functions. Any adaptations should take into account both contents and the drafting process itself. In this article we propose (...)
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  9. Wael K. Al-Delaimy (2012). Ethical Concepts and Future Challenges of Neuroimaging: An Islamic Perspective. Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (3):509-518.
    Neuroscience is advancing at a rapid pace, with new technologies and approaches that are creating ethical challenges not easily addressed by current ethical frameworks and guidelines. One fascinating technology is neuroimaging, especially functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI). Although still in its infancy, fMRI is breaking new ground in neuroscience, potentially offering increased understanding of brain function. Different populations and faith traditions will likely have different reactions to these new technologies and the ethical challenges they bring with them. Muslims are approximately (...)
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  10. Ramona Albin (2010). Patents, Innovation, and Privatization. Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (4):777-781.
    The framers of the U.S. Constitution believed that intellectual property rights were crucial to scientific advancement. Yet, the framers also recognized the need to balance innovation, privatization, and public use. The courts’ expansion of patent protection for biotechnology innovations in the last 30 years raises the question whether the patent system effectively balances these concerns. While the question is not new, only through a thorough and thoughtful examination of these issues can the current system be evaluated. It is then a (...)
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  11. Katherine Alfredo & Hillary Hart (2011). The University and the Responsible Conduct of Research: Who is Responsible for What? [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (3):447-457.
    Research misconduct has been thoroughly discussed in the literature, but mainly in terms of definitions and prescriptions for proper conduct. Even when case studies are cited, they are generally used as a repository of “lessons learned.” What has been lacking from this conversation is how the lessons of responsible conduct of research are imparted in the first place to graduate students, especially those in technical fields such as engineering. Nor has there been much conversation about who is responsible for what (...)
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  12. Joseph S. Alper & Jon Beckwith (2000). On the Philosophical Analysis of Genetic Essentialism. Science and Engineering Ethics 6 (3):311-314.
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  13. Melissa S. Anderson & Joseph B. Shultz (2003). The Role of Scientific Associations in Promoting Research Integrity and Deterring Research Misconduct. Science and Engineering Ethics 9 (2):269-272.
    The nature of scientific societies’ relationships with their members limits their ability to promote research integrity. They must therefore leverage their strengths as professional organizations to integrate ethical considerations into their ongoing support of their academic disciplines. This paper suggests five strategies for doing so.
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  14. Liviu Andreescu (2013). Self-Plagiarism in Academic Publishing: The Anatomy of a Misnomer. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):775-797.
    The paper discusses self-plagiarism and associated practices in scholarly publishing. It approaches at some length the conceptual issues raised by the notion of self-plagiarism. It distinguishes among and then examines the main families of arguments against self-plagiarism, as well as the question of possibly legitimate reasons to engage in this practice. It concludes that some of the animus frequently reserved for self-plagiarism may be the result of, among others, poor choice of a label, unwarranted generalizations as to its ill effects (...)
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  15. Lida Anestidou (2004). Commentary on “the Gladiator Sparrow: Ethical Issues in Behavioral Research on Captive Populations of Wild Animals”. Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (4):731-734.
    This case involves invasive research on captive wild populations of birds to study aggressive animal behavior. The case and associated commentaries raise and examine fundamental issues: whether and under what conditions, such research is ethically justified when the research has no expected, direct application to the human species; the moral status of animals and how one balances concern for the animal’s interests against the value of gains in scientific knowledge. They also emphasize the issue of the importance of a thorough (...)
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  16. Hutan Ashrafian (forthcoming). Can Artificial Intelligences Suffer From Mental Illness? A Philosophical Matter to Consider. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-10.
    The potential for artificial intelligences and robotics in achieving the capacity of consciousness, sentience and rationality offers the prospect that these agents have minds. If so, then there may be a potential for these minds to become dysfunctional, or for artificial intelligences and robots to suffer from mental illness. The existence of artificially intelligent psychopathology can be interpreted through the philosophical perspectives of mental illness. This offers new insights into what it means to have either robot or human mental disorders, (...)
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  17. France Assemblée Nationale (2005). Code de la Santé Publique (Nouvelle Partie Législative). Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 10 (1):541-543.
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  18. World Medical Association (2009). Declaration of Helsinki. Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects. Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 14 (1):233-238.
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  19. Malcolm Atkinson (2001). 'Peer Review' Culture. Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (2):193-204.
    A relatively high incidence of unsatisfactory review decisions is widely recognised and acknowledged as ‘the peer review problem’. Factors contributing to this problem are identified and examined. Specific examples of unreasonable rejection are considered. It is concluded that weaknesses of the ‘peer review’ system are significant and that they are well known or readily recognisable but that necessary counter-measures are not always enforced. Careful management is necessary to discount hollow opinion or error in review comment. Review and referee functions should (...)
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  20. Timothy N. Atkinson & Diane S. Gilleland (2007). Virtue Blindness and Hegemony: Qualitative Evidence of Negotiated Ethical Frameworks in the Social Language of University Research Administration. Science and Engineering Ethics 13 (2):195-220.
    The study used critical discourse analysis (CDA) to elucidate normative structures of ethical behavior in university research administration which may be useful for knowledge transference to future studies of research integrity. Research administration appears to support integrity in the research environment through four very strong normative domains: (1) respect for authority structures; (2) respect for institutional boundaries; (3) professionalism; and (4) a strong sense of virtue. The strong norm structure of research administration, however, appears to be threatened by the fifth (...)
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  21. Wendy Baldwin & Belinda Seto (1997). Peer Review: Selecting the Best Science. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 3 (1):11-17.
    The major challenge facing today’s biomedical researchers is the increasing competition for available funds. The competitive review process, through which the National Institutes of Health (NIH) awards grants, is built upon review by a committee of expert scientists. The NIH is firmly committed to ensuring that its peer review system is fair and objective.
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  22. Dr Harvey E. Bale Jr (2005). Industry, Innovation and Social Values. Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (1):31-40.
    Remaining important tasks in finding and developing new drugs and vaccines for HIV/AIDS, malaria, cancer and other diseases require continued industry research and development. Industry’s research and development pipeline has produced drugs that have saved AIDS victims previously facing certain death, but still no cure nor vaccine is yet available. Experience with the process of research and development indicates that it requires more than a decade of development to produce a new drug with costs in the hundreds of millions of (...)
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  23. Harvey E. Bale (2005). Industry, Innovation and Social Values. Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (1):31-40.
    Remaining important tasks in finding and developing new drugs and vaccines for HIV/AIDS, malaria, cancer and other diseases require continued industry research and development. Industry’s research and development pipeline has produced drugs that have saved AIDS victims previously facing certain death, but still no cure nor vaccine is yet available. Experience with the process of research and development indicates that it requires more than a decade of development to produce a new drug with costs in the hundreds of millions of (...)
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  24. Marta Aleksandra Balinska (2002). Ludwik Hirszfeld: Scientist and Humanist. Science and Engineering Ethics 8 (3):269-271.
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  25. Ian G. Barbour (1970). Science & Secularity. New York,Harper & Row.
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  26. B. Barry & M. Ohland (2012). ABET Criterion 3.F: How Much Curriculum Content is Enough? Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (2):369-392.
    Even after multiple cycles of ABET accreditation, many engineering programs are unsure of how much curriculum content is needed to meet the requirements of ABET’s Criterion 3.f (an understanding of professional and ethical responsibility). This study represents the first scholarly attempt to assess the impact of curriculum reform following the introduction of ABET Criterion 3.f. This study sought to determine how much professional and ethical responsibility curriculum content was used between 1995 and 2005, as well as how, when, why, and (...)
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  27. Ksenija Baždarić, Lidija Bilić-Zulle, Gordana Brumini & Mladen Petrovečki (2012). Prevalence of Plagiarism in Recent Submissions to the Croatian Medical Journal. Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (2):223-239.
    To assess the prevalence of plagiarism in manuscripts submitted for publication in the Croatian Medical Journal (CMJ). All manuscripts submitted in 2009–2010 were analyzed using plagiarism detection software: eTBLAST , CrossCheck, and WCopyfind . Plagiarism was suspected in manuscripts with more than 10% of the text derived from other sources. These manuscripts were checked against the Déjà vu database and manually verified by investigators. Of 754 submitted manuscripts, 105 (14%) were identified by the software as suspicious of plagiarism. Manual verification (...)
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  28. Lutwin Beck & Günter Freundl (2008). Zur Genitalbeschneidung bei Mädchen. Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 13 (1):225-236.
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  29. J. P. Beckmann (2000). Menschliche Identität und die Transplantation von Zellen, Geweben und Organen tierischer Herkunft. Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 5:169-182.
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  30. Jan Beckmann (2010). Die gesetzliche Regelung der Patientenverfügung 2009: Neue Möglichkeiten – bleibende Probleme? Vorbemerkung. Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 15:139-142.
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  31. Jan Beckmann (2010). Zu Grundlage und Umsetzung der gesetzlichen Regelung der Patientenverfügung aus ethischer Sicht. Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 15:221-242.
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  32. Jan Beckmann (2007). Zur gegenwärtigen Diskussion um eine Novellierung des Stammzellgesetzes aus ethischer Sicht. Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 12 (1):191-218.
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  33. Jan P. Beckmann (2009). Wissen, Rationalität und Orientierungswissen. Zum konsensfähigen Umgang mit aktuellen Debatten. Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 14 (1):3-22.
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  34. Jan P. Beckmann (2005). Selbstbestimmung versus Lebensschutz? Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 10 (1):55-86.
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  35. Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent (2009). Les Vertiges de la Technoscience: Façonner le Monde Atome Par Atome. La Découverte.
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  36. The President’S. Council on Bioethic (2009). Controversies in the Determination of Death. A White Paper. Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 14 (1).
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  37. The President’S. Council on Bioethic (2006). Alternative Sources of Human Pluripotent Stem Cells. Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 11 (1).
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  38. Dieter Birnbacher (2012). Biodiversität und die Frage der Ersetzbarkeit. Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 17 (1).
    Name der Zeitschrift: Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft und Ethik Jahrgang: 17 Heft: 1 Seiten: 173-190.
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  39. Dieter Birnbacher (2008). Rechtsethische Grenzen der Strafbarkeit in der Reproduktionsmedizin. Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 13 (1):81-106.
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  40. Dieter Birnbacher (2006). Wie überzeugend ist das Potentialitätsargument? Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 11 (1):327-335.
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  41. Uta Bittner, Boris Eßmann & Oliver Müller (2010). Vom Umgang mit Unzulänglichkeitserfahrungen. Die Enhancement-Problematik im Horizont des Weisheitsbegriffs. Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 15:101-120.
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  42. Uta Bittner & Oliver Müller (2009). Technisierung der Lebensführung. Zur ethischen Legitimität des Einfrierens von Eizellen bei gesunden Frauen als Instrument der Familienplanung. Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 14 (1):23-46.
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  43. B. Bj├ Ârkman (2007). Different typesÔÇöDifferent Rights. Science and Engineering Ethics 13 (2):221.
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  44. Barbara Bleisch (2012). Leihmutterschaft als persönliche Beziehung. Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 17 (1).
    Name der Zeitschrift: Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft und Ethik Jahrgang: 17 Heft: 1 Seiten: 5-28.
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  45. Hans Blumenberg (2009). Geistesgeschichte der Technik: Mit Einem Radiovortrag Auf Cd. Suhrkamp.
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  46. R. Boateng & S. Aimasso (2011). Potential Benefits and Challenges of Foss In Developing Countries, PC Tech Magazine's Conversations on Technology. Business and Society 2 (1):20 - 21.
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  47. Joachim Boldt, Harald Matern, Oliver Müller, Tobias Eichinger & Jens Ried (2012). Der Herstellungsbegriff in der Synthetischen Biologie. Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 17 (1).
    Name der Zeitschrift: Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft und Ethik Jahrgang: 17 Heft: 1 Seiten: 89-116.
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  48. Joachim Bolt, Oliver Müller, Katja Arndt & Krisitian Müller (2008). Von der Manipulation zur Kreation. Ethische und ontologische Aspekte der synthetischen Biologie. Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 13 (1):153-180.
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  49. Nick Bostrom, ¡’œŽ—’Š• ’œ”œ —Š•¢£’— ž–Š— ¡’—Œ’˜— ŒŽ—Š›’˜œ Š— Ž•ŠŽ Š£Š›œ.
    Because of accelerating technological progress, humankind may be rapidly approaching a critical phase in its career. In addition to well-known threats such as nuclear holocaust, the prospects of radically transforming technologies like nanotech systems and machine intelligence present us with unprecedented opportunities and risks. Our future, and whether we will have a future at all, may well be determined by how we deal with these challenges. In the case of radically transforming technologies, a better understanding of the transition dynamics from (...)
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  50. Kassenärzt Bundesärztekammer (2009). Empfehlungen zur ärztlichen Schweigepflicht, Datenschutz und Datenverarbeitung in der Arztpraxis. Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 14 (1):275-284.
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