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Technology Ethics

Edited by Hector MacIntyre (University of Lethbridge)
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  1. Günter Abel (ed.) (2007). Lebenswelten Und Technologien. Parerga.
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  2. Johann S. Ach (2016). Reduzierung von Tierversuchen durch stammzellbasierte Testsysteme? Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 20 (1).
    Name der Zeitschrift: Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft und Ethik Jahrgang: 20 Heft: 1 Seiten: 51-72.
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  3. Johann S. Ach, Bettina Schöne-Seifert & Ludwig Siep (2006). Totipotenz und Potentialität: Zum moralischen Status von Embryonen bei unterschiedlichen Varianten der Gewinnung humaner embryonaler Stammzellen. Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 11 (1):261-321.
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  4. Barbara Advena-Regnery (2005). Klonierung beim Menschen – Biologisches Substrat und Entwicklung. Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 10 (1):313-321.
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  5. Oseni Taiwo Afisi, Scientific–Technological Revolution: A Means of Enhanced Productivity in Human Society.
    The history of the modern world has recorded remarkable achievements and progress in the quality of life of people thanks to the developments of science and technology. Although man’s development of science and technology is said to date back to inception of the human society, the tremendous influence of the 18th century industrial revolution first in Europe and later the rest of the world, on the scientific and technological revolution that occurred during the early 1900s cannot be gainsaid. The world (...)
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  6. Oseni Taiwo Afisi, Scientific–Technological Revolution: A Means of Enhanced Productivity in Human Society.
    The history of the modern world has recorded remarkable achievements and progress in the quality of life of people thanks to the developments of science and technology. Although man’s development of science and technology is said to date back to inception of the human society, the tremendous influence of the 18th century industrial revolution first in Europe and later the rest of the world, on the scientific and technological revolution that occurred during the early 1900s cannot be gainsaid. The world (...)
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  7. J. Félix Lozano Aguilar (2006). Developing an Ethical Code for Engineers: The Discursive Approach. Science and Engineering Ethics 12 (2):245-256.
    From the Hippocratic Oath on, deontological codes and other professional self-regulation mechanisms have been used to legitimize and identify professional groups. New technological challenges and, above all, changes in the socioeconomic environment require adaptable codes which can respond to new demands. We assume that ethical codes for professionals should not simply focus on regulative functions, but must also consider ideological and educative functions. Any adaptations should take into account both contents and the drafting process itself. In this article we propose (...)
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  8. Mehmet Aközer & Emel Aközer (forthcoming). Ethics Teaching in Higher Education for Principled Reasoning: A Gateway for Reconciling Scientific Practice with Ethical Deliberation. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-36.
    This paper proposes laying the groundwork for principled moral reasoning as a seminal goal of ethics interventions in higher education, and on this basis, makes a case for educating future specialists and professionals with a foundation in philosophical ethics. Identification of such a seminal goal is warranted by the progressive dissociation of scientific practice and ethical deliberation since the onset of a problematic relationship between science and ethics around the mid-19th century, and the extensive mistrust of integrating ethics in science (...)
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  9. Wael K. Al-Delaimy (2012). Ethical Concepts and Future Challenges of Neuroimaging: An Islamic Perspective. Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (3):509-518.
    Neuroscience is advancing at a rapid pace, with new technologies and approaches that are creating ethical challenges not easily addressed by current ethical frameworks and guidelines. One fascinating technology is neuroimaging, especially functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI). Although still in its infancy, fMRI is breaking new ground in neuroscience, potentially offering increased understanding of brain function. Different populations and faith traditions will likely have different reactions to these new technologies and the ethical challenges they bring with them. Muslims are approximately (...)
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  10. Aceil Al-Khatib & Jaime A. Teixeira da Silva (forthcoming). What Rights Do Authors Have? Science and Engineering Ethics:1-3.
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  11. Ramona Albin (2010). Patents, Innovation, and Privatization. Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (4):777-781.
    The framers of the U.S. Constitution believed that intellectual property rights were crucial to scientific advancement. Yet, the framers also recognized the need to balance innovation, privatization, and public use. The courts’ expansion of patent protection for biotechnology innovations in the last 30 years raises the question whether the patent system effectively balances these concerns. While the question is not new, only through a thorough and thoughtful examination of these issues can the current system be evaluated. It is then a (...)
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  12. Katherine Alfredo & Hillary Hart (2011). The University and the Responsible Conduct of Research: Who is Responsible for What? [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (3):447-457.
    Research misconduct has been thoroughly discussed in the literature, but mainly in terms of definitions and prescriptions for proper conduct. Even when case studies are cited, they are generally used as a repository of “lessons learned.” What has been lacking from this conversation is how the lessons of responsible conduct of research are imparted in the first place to graduate students, especially those in technical fields such as engineering. Nor has there been much conversation about who is responsible for what (...)
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  13. Renan Moritz V. R. Almeida, Karina de Albuquerque Rocha, Fernanda Catelani, Aldo José Fontes-Pereira & Sonia M. R. Vasconcelos (2016). Plagiarism Allegations Account for Most Retractions in Major Latin American/Caribbean Databases. Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (5):1447-1456.
    This study focuses on retraction notices from two major Latin American/Caribbean indexing databases: SciELO and LILACS. SciELO includes open scientific journals published mostly in Latin America/the Caribbean, from which 10 % are also indexed by Thomson Reuters Web of Knowledge Journal of Citation Reports. LILACS has a similar geographical coverage and includes dissertations and conference/symposia proceedings, but it is limited to publications in the health sciences. A search for retraction notices was performed in these two databases using the keywords “retracted”, (...)
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  14. Joseph S. Alper & Jon Beckwith (2000). On the Philosophical Analysis of Genetic Essentialism. Science and Engineering Ethics 6 (3):311-314.
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  15. Melissa S. Anderson & Joseph B. Shultz (2003). The Role of Scientific Associations in Promoting Research Integrity and Deterring Research Misconduct. Science and Engineering Ethics 9 (2):269-272.
    The nature of scientific societies’ relationships with their members limits their ability to promote research integrity. They must therefore leverage their strengths as professional organizations to integrate ethical considerations into their ongoing support of their academic disciplines. This paper suggests five strategies for doing so.
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  16. Liviu Andreescu (2013). Self-Plagiarism in Academic Publishing: The Anatomy of a Misnomer. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):775-797.
    The paper discusses self-plagiarism and associated practices in scholarly publishing. It approaches at some length the conceptual issues raised by the notion of self-plagiarism. It distinguishes among and then examines the main families of arguments against self-plagiarism, as well as the question of possibly legitimate reasons to engage in this practice. It concludes that some of the animus frequently reserved for self-plagiarism may be the result of, among others, poor choice of a label, unwarranted generalizations as to its ill effects (...)
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  17. Lida Anestidou (2004). Commentary on “the Gladiator Sparrow: Ethical Issues in Behavioral Research on Captive Populations of Wild Animals”. Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (4):731-734.
    This case involves invasive research on captive wild populations of birds to study aggressive animal behavior. The case and associated commentaries raise and examine fundamental issues: whether and under what conditions, such research is ethically justified when the research has no expected, direct application to the human species; the moral status of animals and how one balances concern for the animal’s interests against the value of gains in scientific knowledge. They also emphasize the issue of the importance of a thorough (...)
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  18. France Assemblée Nationale (2005). Code de la Santé Publique (Nouvelle Partie Législative). Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 10 (1):541-543.
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  19. World Medical Association (2009). Declaration of Helsinki. Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects. Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 14 (1):233-238.
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  20. Malcolm Atkinson (2001). 'Peer Review' Culture. Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (2):193-204.
    A relatively high incidence of unsatisfactory review decisions is widely recognised and acknowledged as ‘the peer review problem’. Factors contributing to this problem are identified and examined. Specific examples of unreasonable rejection are considered. It is concluded that weaknesses of the ‘peer review’ system are significant and that they are well known or readily recognisable but that necessary counter-measures are not always enforced. Careful management is necessary to discount hollow opinion or error in review comment. Review and referee functions should (...)
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  21. Timothy N. Atkinson & Diane S. Gilleland (2007). Virtue Blindness and Hegemony: Qualitative Evidence of Negotiated Ethical Frameworks in the Social Language of University Research Administration. Science and Engineering Ethics 13 (2):195-220.
    The study used critical discourse analysis (CDA) to elucidate normative structures of ethical behavior in university research administration which may be useful for knowledge transference to future studies of research integrity. Research administration appears to support integrity in the research environment through four very strong normative domains: (1) respect for authority structures; (2) respect for institutional boundaries; (3) professionalism; and (4) a strong sense of virtue. The strong norm structure of research administration, however, appears to be threatened by the fifth (...)
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  22. Eidgenössische Ethikkommission für die Biotechnologie im Ausserhumanbereich (2016). Ethischer Umgang mit Fischen. Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 20 (1).
    Name der Zeitschrift: Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft und Ethik Jahrgang: 20 Heft: 1 Seiten: 413-438.
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  23. Diana Bairaktarova & Anna Woodcock (forthcoming). Engineering Student’s Ethical Awareness and Behavior: A New Motivational Model. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-29.
    Professional communities are experiencing scandals involving unethical and illegal practices daily. Yet it should not take a national major structure failure to highlight the importance of ethical awareness and behavior, or the need for the development and practice of ethical behavior in engineering students. Development of ethical behavior skills in future engineers is a key competency for engineering schools as ethical behavior is a part of the professional identity and practice of engineers. While engineering educators have somewhat established instructional methods (...)
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  24. Wendy Baldwin & Belinda Seto (1997). Peer Review: Selecting the Best Science. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 3 (1):11-17.
    The major challenge facing today’s biomedical researchers is the increasing competition for available funds. The competitive review process, through which the National Institutes of Health (NIH) awards grants, is built upon review by a committee of expert scientists. The NIH is firmly committed to ensuring that its peer review system is fair and objective.
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  25. Dr Harvey E. Bale Jr (2005). Industry, Innovation and Social Values. Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (1):31-40.
    Remaining important tasks in finding and developing new drugs and vaccines for HIV/AIDS, malaria, cancer and other diseases require continued industry research and development. Industry’s research and development pipeline has produced drugs that have saved AIDS victims previously facing certain death, but still no cure nor vaccine is yet available. Experience with the process of research and development indicates that it requires more than a decade of development to produce a new drug with costs in the hundreds of millions of (...)
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  26. Harvey E. Bale (2005). Industry, Innovation and Social Values. Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (1):31-40.
    Remaining important tasks in finding and developing new drugs and vaccines for HIV/AIDS, malaria, cancer and other diseases require continued industry research and development. Industry’s research and development pipeline has produced drugs that have saved AIDS victims previously facing certain death, but still no cure nor vaccine is yet available. Experience with the process of research and development indicates that it requires more than a decade of development to produce a new drug with costs in the hundreds of millions of (...)
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  27. Marta Aleksandra Balinska (2002). Ludwik Hirszfeld: Scientist and Humanist. Science and Engineering Ethics 8 (3):269-271.
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  28. Ian G. Barbour (1970). Science & Secularity. New York,Harper & Row.
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  29. B. Barry & M. Ohland (2012). ABET Criterion 3.F: How Much Curriculum Content is Enough? Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (2):369-392.
    Even after multiple cycles of ABET accreditation, many engineering programs are unsure of how much curriculum content is needed to meet the requirements of ABET’s Criterion 3.f (an understanding of professional and ethical responsibility). This study represents the first scholarly attempt to assess the impact of curriculum reform following the introduction of ABET Criterion 3.f. This study sought to determine how much professional and ethical responsibility curriculum content was used between 1995 and 2005, as well as how, when, why, and (...)
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  30. Ksenija Baždarić, Lidija Bilić-Zulle, Gordana Brumini & Mladen Petrovečki (2012). Prevalence of Plagiarism in Recent Submissions to the Croatian Medical Journal. Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (2):223-239.
    To assess the prevalence of plagiarism in manuscripts submitted for publication in the Croatian Medical Journal (CMJ). All manuscripts submitted in 2009–2010 were analyzed using plagiarism detection software: eTBLAST , CrossCheck, and WCopyfind . Plagiarism was suspected in manuscripts with more than 10% of the text derived from other sources. These manuscripts were checked against the Déjà vu database and manually verified by investigators. Of 754 submitted manuscripts, 105 (14%) were identified by the software as suspicious of plagiarism. Manual verification (...)
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  31. Lutwin Beck & Günter Freundl (2008). Zur Genitalbeschneidung bei Mädchen. Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 13 (1):225-236.
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  32. J. P. Beckmann (2000). Menschliche Identität und die Transplantation von Zellen, Geweben und Organen tierischer Herkunft. Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 5:169-182.
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  33. Jan Beckmann (2010). Die gesetzliche Regelung der Patientenverfügung 2009: Neue Möglichkeiten – bleibende Probleme? Vorbemerkung. Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 15 (1):139-142.
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  34. Jan Beckmann (2010). Zu Grundlage und Umsetzung der gesetzlichen Regelung der Patientenverfügung aus ethischer Sicht. Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 15 (1):221-242.
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  35. Jan Beckmann (2007). Zur gegenwärtigen Diskussion um eine Novellierung des Stammzellgesetzes aus ethischer Sicht. Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 12 (1):191-218.
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  36. Jan P. Beckmann (2009). Wissen, Rationalität und Orientierungswissen. Zum konsensfähigen Umgang mit aktuellen Debatten. Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 14 (1):3-22.
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  37. Jan P. Beckmann (2005). Selbstbestimmung versus Lebensschutz? Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 10 (1):55-86.
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  38. Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent (2009). Les Vertiges de la Technoscience: Façonner le Monde Atome Par Atome. La Découverte.
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  39. Nationale Ethikkommission im Bereic (2006). Beihilfe zum Suizid. Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 11 (1).
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  40. Michael J. Bernstein, Kiera Reifschneider, Ira Bennett & Jameson M. Wetmore (forthcoming). Science Outside the Lab: Helping Graduate Students in Science and Engineering Understand the Complexities of Science Policy. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-22.
    Helping scientists and engineers challenge received assumptions about how science, engineering, and society relate is a critical cornerstone for macroethics education. Scientific and engineering research are frequently framed as first steps of a value-free linear model that inexorably leads to societal benefit. Social studies of science and assessments of scientific and engineering research speak to the need for a more critical approach to the noble intentions underlying these assumptions. “Science Outside the Lab” is a program designed to help early-career scientists (...)
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  41. Angela R. Bielefeldt & Nathan E. Canney (2016). Changes in the Social Responsibility Attitudes of Engineering Students Over Time. Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (5):1535-1551.
    This research explored how engineering student views of their responsibility toward helping individuals and society through their profession, so-called social responsibility, change over time. A survey instrument was administered to students initially primarily in their first year, senior year, or graduate studies majoring in mechanical, civil, or environmental engineering at five institutions in September 2012, April 2013, and March 2014. The majority of the students did not change significantly in their social responsibility attitudes, but 23 % decreased and 20 % (...)
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  42. The President’S. Council on Bioethic (2009). Controversies in the Determination of Death. A White Paper. Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 14 (1).
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  43. The President’S. Council on Bioethic (2006). Alternative Sources of Human Pluripotent Stem Cells. Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 11 (1).
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  44. Dieter Birnbacher (2012). Biodiversität und die Frage der Ersetzbarkeit. Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 17 (1).
    Name der Zeitschrift: Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft und Ethik Jahrgang: 17 Heft: 1 Seiten: 173-190.
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  45. Dieter Birnbacher (2008). Rechtsethische Grenzen der Strafbarkeit in der Reproduktionsmedizin. Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 13 (1):81-106.
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  46. Dieter Birnbacher (2006). Wie überzeugend ist das Potentialitätsargument? Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 11 (1):327-335.
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  47. Uta Bittner, Boris Eßmann & Oliver Müller (2010). Vom Umgang mit Unzulänglichkeitserfahrungen. Die Enhancement-Problematik im Horizont des Weisheitsbegriffs. Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 15 (1):101-120.
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  48. Uta Bittner & Oliver Müller (2009). Technisierung der Lebensführung. Zur ethischen Legitimität des Einfrierens von Eizellen bei gesunden Frauen als Instrument der Familienplanung. Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 14 (1):23-46.
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  49. B. Bj├ Ârkman (2007). Different typesÔÇöDifferent Rights. Science and Engineering Ethics 13 (2):221.
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  50. Barbara Bleisch (2012). Leihmutterschaft als persönliche Beziehung. Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 17 (1).
    Name der Zeitschrift: Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft und Ethik Jahrgang: 17 Heft: 1 Seiten: 5-28.
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