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Siblings:History/traditions: Terrorism
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  1. Mariclaire Acosta (1990). State Terrorism and Its Effects on the Political Culture. Social Philosophy Today 4:375-384.
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  2. Shahrar Ali (2010). Is There a Justifiable Shoot-to-Kill Policy? In Bob Brecher, Mark Devenney & Aaron Winter (eds.), Discourses and Practices of Terrorism. Routledge.
    I begin by contending that an absolute prohibition to avoid resorting to shoot-to-kill, under any circumstances, does not adequately address the considerable negative consequences that could follow. In opening up the question for debate, I seek to alert us to the risks of moral corruption in both thought and practice, but I do not take these to be unassailable. Next, I pose a set of questions in order to interrogate unsafe assumptions and to disambiguate critical language in the shoot-to-kill scenario. (...)
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  3. Fritz Allhoff (2005). Terrorism and Torture. In Timothy Shanahan (ed.), Philosophy 9/11: Thinking About the War on Terrorism. Open Court. 121-134.
    After the events of 9/11, the concept of torture has emerged as one that is both pertinent and provoking. National polls have shown that some Americans support torture in some situations, though the majority still stand opposed. Torture has not received a tremendous amount of discussion in the philosophical literature, though I suspect that the leftward slant of academia would, for the most part, ensure limited support for torture. In this paper, I would like to first discuss why torture is (...)
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  4. Fritz Allhoff (2003). Terrorism and Torture. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 17 (1):121-134.
    This paper investigates the moral permissibility of torture. After briefly considering some empirical evidence, it discusses the conflict between deontological and consequentialist approaches to torture. It is argued that, even if we are to take rights seriously, torture should at least be allowed if some conditions are satisfied. Finally, the paper discusses what those conditions should be and what sorts of torture are morally permissible.
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  5. Richard Arneson, PHILOSOPHY 87 the Morality of Terrorism Spring, 2006.
    What is "terrorism"? Under what circumstances, if any, is terrorism morally acceptable? This course examines theories of just war and just warfare. The theories aim to specify under what circumstances and in what ways--in the context of waging war-- it is morally acceptable to kill people. One question that arises here is whether or not there are types of killings and threatened killings that are always wrong, whatever the consequences. Another question that arises is what it is morally permissible to (...)
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  6. Luke Ashworth & Maura Adshead (eds.) (2003). Limerick Papers in Politics and Public Administration.
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  7. Ronald M. Atlas (2009). Responsible Conduct by Life Scientists in an Age of Terrorism. Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (3):293-301.
    The potential for dual use of research in the life sciences to be misused for harm raises a range of problems for the scientific community and policy makers. Various legal and ethical strategies are being implemented to reduce the threat of the misuse of research and knowledge in the life sciences by establishing a culture of responsible conduct.
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  8. Servan Adar Avsar (2007). Responsive Ethics and the War Against Terrorism: A Levinasian Perspective. Journal of Global Ethics 3 (3):317 – 334.
    Realist and liberal understandings of ethics as the dominant approaches to ethics in international relations are unable to respond efficiently to the call of the other in the age of war against terrorism as they revolve around the needs and the interests of the self. Such self-centred understandings of ethics cannot respond to the other ethically and respect the other in its otherness. Therefore, in this work I attempt to develop responsive ethics by drawing on Levinasian ethics which can create (...)
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  9. Alain Badiou (2006). Polemics. Verso.
    PT. 1. PHILOSOPHY AND CIRCUMSTANCES: Introduction -- Philosophy and the question of war today: 1. On September 11 2001: philosophy and the 'War against terrorism' -- 2. Fragments of a public journal on the American war against Iraq -- 3. On the war against Serbia: who strikes whom in the world today? -- The 'democratic' fetish and racism: 4. On parliamentary 'democracy': the French presidential elections of 2002 -- 5. The law on the Islamic headscarf -- 6. Daily humiliation -- (...)
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  10. Julian Baggini, Alex Voorhoeve, Catherine Audard, Saladin Meckled-Garcia & Tony McWalter (2007). Security and the 'War on Terror': A Roundtable. In Julian Baggini & Jeremy Stangroom (eds.), What More Philosophers Think. Continuum.
    What is the appropriate legal response to terrorist threats? This question is discussed by politician Tony McWalter, The Philosophers' Magazine editor Julian Baggini, and philosophers Catherine Audard, Saladin Meckled-Garcia, and Alex Voorhoeve.
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  11. S. N. Balagangadhara & Jakob de Roover (2010). The Saint, the Criminal and the Terrorist: Towards a Hypothesis on Terrorism. Journal of Political Philosophy 18 (1):1-15.
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  12. Etienne Balibar (2008). What's in a War? (Politics as War, War as Politics). Ratio Juris 21 (3):365-386.
    Abstract. This paper combines reflections on the current "state of war" in the Middle East with an epistemological discussion of the meaning and implications of the category "war" itself, in order to dissipate the confusions arising from the idea of a "War on Terror." The first part illustrates the insufficiency of the ideal type involved in dichotomies which are implicit in the naming and classifications of wars. They point nevertheless to a deeper problem which concerns the antinomic character of a (...)
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  13. Bat-Ami Bar On (2003). Terrorism, Evil, and Everyday Depravity. Hypatia 18 (1):157-163.
    : This essay expresses ambivalence about the use of the term "evil" in analyses of terrorism in light of the association of the two in speeches intended to justify the United States' "war on terrorism." At the same time, the essay suggests that terrorism can be regarded as "evil" but only when considered among a multiplicity of "evils" comparable to it, for example: rape, war crimes, and repression.
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  14. Bat-Ami Bar On (2002). Terrorism and Politics. The Philosophers' Magazine (17):47-48.
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  15. A. D. Barder & F. Debrix (2011). Agonal Sovereignty: Rethinking War and Politics with Schmitt, Arendt and Foucault. Philosophy and Social Criticism 37 (7):775-793.
    The notion of biopolitical sovereignty and the theory of the state of exception are perspectives derived from Carl Schmitt’s thought and Michel Foucault’s writings that have been popularized by critical political theorists like Giorgio Agamben and Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri of late. This article argues that these perspectives are not sufficient analytical points of departure for a critique of the contemporary politics of terror, violence and war marked by a growing global exploitation of bodies, tightened management of life, and (...)
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  16. Clive Barnett (2009). Violence and Publicity: Constructions of Political Responsibility After 9/11. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 12 (3):353-375.
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  17. Peter Brian Barry (2013). Allhoff, Fritz. Terrorism, Ticking Time-Bombs, and Torture: A Philosophical Analysis. [REVIEW] Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (3):675-676.
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  18. Michael Baur (2005). What is Distinctive About Terrorism, and What Are the Philosophical Implications? In Timothy Shanahan (ed.), Philosophy 9/11: Thinking About the War on Terrorism. Open Court.
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  19. Saba Bazargan (2013). Proportionality, Territorial Occupation, and Enabled Terrorism. Law and Philosophy 32 (4):435-457.
    Some collateral harms affecting enemy civilians during a war are agentially mediated – for example, the US-led invasion of Iraq in 2003 sparked an insurgency which killed thousands of Iraqi civilians. I call these ‘collaterally enabled harms.’ Intuitively, we ought to discount the weight that these harms receive in the ‘costs’ column of our ad bellum proportionality calculation. But I argue that an occupying military force with de facto political authority has a special obligation to provide minimal protection to the (...)
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  20. Albert J. Bergesen & Omar Lizardo (2004). International Terrorism and the World-System. Sociological Theory 22 (1):38-52.
    Theories of international terrorism are reviewed. It then is noted that waves of terrorism appear in semiperipheral zones of the world-system during pulsations of globalization when the dominant state is in decline. Finally, how these and other factors might combine to suggest a model of terrorism's role in the cyclical undulations of the world-system is suggested.
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  21. Jerry Berman & Lara Flint (2003). Commentary: Guiding Lights: Intelligence Oversight and Control for the Challenge of Terrorism. Criminal Justice Ethics 22 (1):2-58.
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  22. Frans A. J. Birrer (2005). Data Mining to Combat Terrorism and the Roots of Privacy Concerns. Ethics and Information Technology 7 (4):211-220.
    Recently, there has been a heavy debate in the US about the government’s use of data mining in its fight against terrorism. Privacy concerns in fact led the Congress to terminate the funding of TIA, a program for advanced information technology to be used in the combat of terrorism. The arguments put forward in this debate, more specifically those found in the main report and minority report by the TAPAC established by the Secretary of Defense to examine the TIA issue, (...)
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  23. Donald Black (2004). The Geometry of Terrorism. Sociological Theory 22 (1):14-25.
    Terrorism in its purest form is self-help by organized civilians who covertly inflict mass violence on other civilians. Pure sociology explains terrorism with its social geometry-its multidimensional location and direction in social space. Here I build on the work of Senechal de la Roche (1996) and propose the following geometrical model: Pure terrorism arises intercollectively and upwardly across long distances in multidimensional space. Yet because social distance historically corresponded to physical distance, terrorism often lacked the physical geometry necessary for its (...)
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  24. Robin Blackburn (2002). The Imperial Presidency, the War on Terrorism, and the Revolutions of Modernity. Constellations 9 (1):3-33.
    It is inherent in the concept of a terrorist act that it aims at an effect very much larger than the direct physical destruction it causes. Proponents of what used to be called the 'propaganda of the deed' also believed that in the illuminating glare of terror the vulnerability of a corrupt ...
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  25. Louis H. Bluhm (1987). Trust, Terrorism, and Technology. Journal of Business Ethics 6 (5):333 - 341.
    The development of civilization implies an evolution of complex trust mechanisms which integrate the social system and form bonds which allow individuals to interact, even if they are strangers. Key elements of trust are predictability of consequences and an evaluation of consequences in terms of self-interest or values. Values, ethics, and norms enhance predictability. The terrorist introduces an unpredictable event which has negative consequences, thus destroying trust. However, terrorist-like situations occur in day-to-day activities. Technology itself makes the world more interdependent (...)
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  26. Davis B. Bobrow (2004). Losing to Terrorism: An American Work in Progress. Metaphilosophy 35 (3):345-364.
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  27. John Bolender, On Terrorism.
    At the moment, this compiled interview finds a home at Jump Arts Journal, but it will be an ongoing matter at the for-fee section of Zmag.org. Many would-be champions of Chomsky find themselves of similar political outlook, but find the professor a wee on the didactic side, as well as a media machine unto himself. I am one of these, but don’t find this to be a necessarily bad thing, believe the discussion worthy and significant, and, asJAJ deals will all (...)
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  28. Paul Bou-Habib (2008). Security, Profiling and Equality. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 11 (2):149 - 164.
    How, exactly, must we strike the balance between security and equality? Must we insist, out of respect for the equality of persons, that the police refrain from using ethnic profiling and opt for some other strategy in their pursuit of terrorists, or must we allow the police to continue with this policy, which seems to sacrifice equality for the sake of security? This paper assesses the ethical status of ethnic profiling from the perspective of the ideal of equality. The paper (...)
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  29. Joseph Boyle (2003). Symposium: Responding to Terror. Just War Doctrine and the Military Response to Terrorism. Journal of Political Philosophy 11 (2):153–170.
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  30. Bob Brecher, Mark Devenney & Aaron Winter (eds.) (2010). Discourses and Practices of Terrorism. Routledge.
    Arising out of one of the annual conferences I organise as Director of the University’s Centre for Applied Philosophy, Politics and Ethics (see http://arts.brighton.ac.uk/research/cappe/) -- ‘Interrogating Terror’ – and from my work on the editorial board of Critical Studies on Terrorism, this collection is published in the Routledge Critical Terrorism Studies series and brings together theoretical and empirical material to challenge the notion that ‘terrorism’ and/or ‘terror’ are transparent, given or limited to non-state agents. Instead, it seeks to expose the (...)
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  31. Michael W. Brough (2005). Legitimate Combatancy, Pow Status, and Terrorism. In Timothy Shanahan (ed.), Philosophy 9/11: Thinking About the War on Terrorism. Open Court.
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  32. Stefano Brugnolo (2008). The Double Wound : Towards a Gendering of Trauma and Terrorism. In Pierluigi Barrotta, Anna Laura Lepschy & Emma Bond (eds.), Freud and Italian Culture. Peter Lang.
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  33. Vittorio Bufacchi & Jean Maria Arrigo (2006). Torture, Terrorism and the State: A Refutation of the Ticking-Bomb Argument. Journal of Applied Philosophy 23 (3):355–373.
  34. John M. Burkoff (2005). Review Essay/Defeating Terrorism Without Fighting a War. Criminal Justice Ethics 24 (1):47-51.
    Philip B. Heymann, Terrorism, Freedom and Security: Winning Without War Cambridge, MA: MIT Press 2003, pp. 288 #pl x.
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  35. Edmund F. Byrne (2004). Terrorism and International Justice. Teaching Philosophy 27 (2):181-184.
  36. Mayra Canuto-Carranco (2010). "Organizational Terrorism" and Moral Choices — Exercising Voice When the Leader is the Problem. Journal of Business Ethics 97 (1):159 - 171.
    We introduce the concept of "organizational terrorism" to describe dysfunctional leaders who are abusive and who treat organizational members with contempt and disregard. After identifying the moral duties of leaders in organizations, we explain how organization members respond to their dissatisfaction with organizations through Exit, Voice, Loyalty, or Neglect. We explain why exercising voice is the most effective moral choice in dealing with dysfunctional leaders.
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  37. Claudia Card (2010). Confronting Evils: Terrorism, Torture, Genocide. Cambridge University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: Part I. The Concept of Evil: 1. Inexcusable wrongs; 2. Between good and evil; 3. Complicity in structural evils; 4. To whom (or to what?) can evils be done?; Part II. Terrorism, Torture, Genocide: 5. Counterterrorism; 6. Low-profile terrorism; 7. Conscientious torture?; 8. Ordinary torture; 9. Genocide is social death; 10. Genocide by forced impregnation; Bibliography; Filmography; Websites; Index.
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  38. Claudia Card (2007). Recognizing Terrorism. Journal of Ethics 11 (1):1 - 29.
    It has been claimed that most of the world’s preventable suffering and death are caused not by terrorism but by poverty. That claim, if true, could be hard to substantiate. For most terrorism is not publicly recognized as such, and it is far commoner than paradigms of the usual suspects suggest. Everyday lives under oppressive regimes, in racist environments, and of women, children, and elders everywhere who suffer violence in their homes offer instances of terrorisms that seldom capture public attention. (...)
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  39. Claudia Card (2003). Questions Regarding a War on Terrorism. Hypatia 18 (1):164 - 169.
    : The concept of a war on terrorism creates havoc with attempts to apply rules of war. For "terrorism" is not an agent. Nor is it clear what relationship to terrorism agents must have in order to be legitimate targets. Nor is it clear what kinds of terrorism count. Would a war on terrorism in the home be a justifiable response to domestic battering? If not, do similar objections apply to a war on public terrorism?
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  40. Claudia Card (2002). The Atrocity Paradigm: A Theory of Evil. Oxford University Press.
    What distinguishes evils from ordinary wrongs? Is hatred a necessarily evil? Are some evils unforgivable? Are there evils we should tolerate? What can make evils hard to recognize? Are evils inevitable? How can we best respond to and live with evils? Claudia Card offers a secular theory of evil that responds to these questions and more. Evils, according to her theory, have two fundamental components. One component is reasonably foreseeable intolerable harm -- harm that makes a life indecent and impossible (...)
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  41. David K. Chan (2012). The Ethics of War and Law Enforcement in Defending Against Terrorism. Social Philosophy Today 28:101-114.
    There are two contrasting paradigms for dealing with terrorists: war and law enforcement. In this paper, I first discuss how the just war theory assesses the military response to the 9/11 terrorist attacks on the United States. I argue that the ethical problems with the U.S. attack on Afghanistan in response to 9/11 concern principles of jus ad bellum besides just cause. I show that the principles of right intention, last resort, proportionality and likelihood of success were violated. Furthermore, both (...)
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  42. Noam Chomsky, Domestic Terrorism: Notes on the State System of Oppression.
    If we ask who might be interested in obtaining the stolen material, a plausible hypothesis suggests itself. The natural hypothesis gains support from the fact that persons whose names appeared on the stolen lists were then contacted and harassed by FBI agents, and a personal letter of resignation from the party, apparently stolen from headquarters, was transmitted by the FBI to the Civil Service Commission. Information that has since been obtained about FBI activities, including burglaries over many years, lends further (...)
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  43. Noam Chomsky, 'Terrorism', and so On.
    NC: 'Rogue State' is used here to refer to any state that is disobedient, that the US has in the sights of its rifles. But the term really has a meaning: a rogue state is a state that defies international law, international norms and conventions, that demands the right to do anything it wants, pays no attention and doesn't care about the opinions and attitudes of others who stand in its way, and so on.
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  44. Noam Chomsky, The Most Wanted List, International Terrorism.
    Joy was unconstrained in Israel too, as "one of the U.S. and Israel's most wanted men" was brought to justice, the London Financial Times reported. Under the heading, "A militant wanted the world over," an accompanying story reported that he was "superseded on the most-wanted list by Osama bin Laden" after 9/11 and so ranked only second among "the most wanted militants in the world.".
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  45. Noam Chomsky, International Terrorism: Image and Reality.
    It comes as no surprise that the propagandistic approach is adopted by governments generally, and by their instruments in totalitarian states. More interesting is the fact that the same is largely true of the media and scholarship in the Western industrial democracies, as has been documented in extensive detail.1 "We must recognize," <span class='Hi'>Michael</span> Stohl observes, "that by convention -- and it must be emphasized only by convention -- great power use and the threat of the use of force is (...)
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  46. Ian Chowcat (1996). Terrorism, Security and Nationality: An Introductory Study in Applied Political Philosophy By Paul Gilbert, London and New York: Routledge, 1994, Vii + 190 Pp., £12.99. [REVIEW] Philosophy 71 (275):162-.
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  47. Christine Chwaszcza (2008). Review of C. A. J. Coady, Morality and Political Violence. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2008 (6).
  48. C. A. J. Coady (2012). Stephen Nathanson, Terrorism and the Ethics of War. Social Theory and Practice 38 (3):560-567.
  49. C. A. J. Coady (2011). How Terrorism is Wrong: Morality and Political Violence, by Virginia Held. Mind 119 (476):1186-1189.
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  50. C. A. J. Coady (2004). Terrorism, Morality, and Supreme Emergency. Ethics 114 (4):772-789.
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