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Subcategories:History/traditions: The A Priori
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  1. André Akoun (1996). Les Droits de l'Homme, a Priori de la Démocratie. Hermes 19:191.
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  2. Virgil C. Aldrich (1954). The Origin of the Apriori. Journal of Philosophy 51 (8):229-237.
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  3. Michael Anacker (2012). Unterbestimmtheit Und Pragmatische Aprioris: Vom Tribunal der Erfahrung Zum Wissenschaftlichen Prozess. Mentis.
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  4. Konstantine Arkoudas & Selmer Bringsjord (2007). Computers, Justification, and Mathematical Knowledge. Minds and Machines 17 (2):185-202.
    The original proof of the four-color theorem by Appel and Haken sparked a controversy when Tymoczko used it to argue that the justification provided by unsurveyable proofs carried out by computers cannot be a priori. It also created a lingering impression to the effect that such proofs depend heavily for their soundness on large amounts of computation-intensive custom-built software. Contra Tymoczko, we argue that the justification provided by certain computerized mathematical proofs is not fundamentally different from that provided by surveyable (...)
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  5. Robert Audi (2008). Skepticism About the a Priori: Self-Evidence, Defeasibility, and Cogito Propositions. In John Greco (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Skepticism. Oxford University Press. 149--175.
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  6. F. E. B. (1960). Christian Rationalism and Philosophical Analysis. Review of Metaphysics 13 (3):529-529.
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  7. T. Baggio (2003). The a-Priori of Meaning in Vincenzo Gioberti's Ontologism. Verifiche: Rivista Trimestrale di Scienze Umane 32 (3-4):255-296.
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  8. Thomas Baldwin (2001). On Considering a Possible World as Actual. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 75 (1):157–174.
    [Robert Stalnaker] Saul Kripke made a convincing case that there are necessary truths that are knowable only a posteriori as well as contingent truths that are knowable a priori. A number of philosophers have used a two-dimensional model semantic apparatus to represent and clarify the phenomena that Kripke pointed to. According to this analysis, statements have truth-conditions in two different ways depending on whether one considers a possible world 'as actual' or 'as counterfactual' in determining the truth-value of the statement (...)
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  9. Mariano Benavente Barreda (1970). Sentido gnoseológico de los juicios sintéticos a priori. Logos 5:27-52.
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  10. George Bealer (1999). A Theory of the Apri. In James Tomberlin (ed.), Epistemology. Blackwell. 29--56.
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  11. George Bealer (1999). The a Priori. In John Greco & Ernest Sosa (eds.), The Blackwell Guide to Epistemology. Blackwell. 2004.
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  12. E. C. Benecke (1895). What Is Meant by the A Priori Element in Knowledge? Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 3 (2):11 - 25.
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  13. Fedde Benedictus & Dennis Dieks (2015). Reichenbach’s Transcendental Probability. Erkenntnis 80 (1):15-38.
    The aim of this article is twofold. First, we shall review and analyse the neo-kantian justification for the application of probabilistic concepts in science that was defended by Hans Reichenbach early in his career, notably in his dissertation of 1916. At first sight this kantian approach seems to contrast sharply with Reichenbach’s later logical positivist, frequentist viewpoint. But, and this is our second goal, we shall attempt to show that there is an underlying continuity in Reichenbach’s thought: typical features of (...)
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  14. E. Bernard-Weil (1992). A Priori and a Posteriori in Cognitive Praxis the Model for the Regulation of Agonistic Antagonistic Couples. In G. van der Vijve (ed.), New Perspectives on Cybernetics. 220--59.
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  15. E. F. Bertoldi (1983). The Historical A Priori. New Scholasticism 57 (1):83-97.
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  16. John Bigelow (1992). The Doubtful A Priori. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 22 (sup1):151-166.
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  17. Laurence BonJour (2013). Is There a Priori Knowledge? In Matthias Steup & John Turri (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Epistemology. Blackwell. 177.
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  18. Laurence Bonjour (2003). 40. Toward a Moderate Rationalism. In Steven Luper (ed.), Essential Knowledge: Readings in Epistemology. Longman. 402.
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  19. Laurence Bonjour (1998). In Defense of Pure Reason a Rationalist Account of a Priori Justification. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  20. Laurence Bonjour (1995). Toward a Moderate Rationalism. Philosophical Topics 23 (1):47-78.
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  21. Laurence BonJour & Robert Audi (1995). A Priori. In Audi Robert (ed.), The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
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  22. N. W. Boyce (1972). A Priori Knowledge and Cosmology. Philosophy 47 (179):67 - 70.
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  23. David Braddon‐Mitchell (2013). Weasels and the A Priori. In Dan Ryder, Justine Kingsbury & Kenneth Williford (eds.), Millikan and Her Critics. John Wiley & Sons. 241--258.
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  24. C. D. Broad, A. J. D. Porteous & Reginald Jackson (1936). Symposium: Are There Synthetic A Priori Truths? Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 15:102 - 153.
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  25. James Robert Brown (1992). EPR As A Priori Science. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 22 (sup1):253-272.
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  26. Anthony Brueckner (2011). Albert Casullo's A Priori Justification. In Michael J. Shaffer & Michael Veber (eds.), What Place for the a Priori? Open Court. 85.
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  27. Otávio Bueno (2012). Is Logic A Priori? The Harvard Review of Philosophy 17 (1):105-117.
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  28. Panayot Butchvarov (2003). Review of Albert Casullo, A Priori Justification. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2003 (8).
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  29. Darragh Byrne (2007). A Priori Justification. Philosophical Books 48 (3):241-251.
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  30. John Campbell (1987). Is Sense Transparent? Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 88:273-292.
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  31. H. W. Carr, J. H. Muirhead & G. F. Stout (1894). Symposium: Is the Knowledge of Space A Priori? Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 3 (1):119 - 133.
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  32. W. R. Carter (1976). On A Priori Contingent Truths. Analysis 36 (2):105 - 106.
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  33. Quassim Cassam (2000). Rationalism, Empiricism, and the A Priori. In Paul Boghossian & Christopher Peacocke (eds.), New Essays on the a Priori. Oxford University Press. 43--64.
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  34. Quassim Cassam (1998). Self-Knowledge, A Priori Knowledge, and the Cognitive Structure of the Mind. In Anthony O'Hear (ed.), Contemporary Issues in the Philosophy of Mind. Cambridge University Press.
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  35. Charles Cassini (2004). On Kitcher's Definition of a Priori Knowledge. Philosophy Today 48 (3):235-244.
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  36. Albert Casullo, Articulating the A Priori-A Posteriori Distinction.
    It seems to me that discussions of the past decades have made clear how intricate and complex the classical notion of the a priori is, and neither the Strong conception nor the Weak conception (nor anything else) can provide a coherent explication. (Kitcher 2000.
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  37. Albert Casullo (2014). Uncovering Buried Treasure: Henderson and Horgan on Conceptual Analysis. Philosophical Studies 169 (3):509-523.
    David Henderson and Terry Horgan offer a detailed account of the structure of conceptual analysis that is embedded within a more general account of a priori justification. Their account highlights an important feature of conceptual analysis that has been overlooked in the recent debate. Although it is generally recognized that conceptual analysis involves an inference from premises to the effect that some concept does (or does not) apply to a range of particular cases to a general conclusion about the nature (...)
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  38. Albert Casullo (2013). Four Challenges to the a Priori—a Posteriori Distinction. Synthese:1-24.
    During the past decade a new twist in the debate regarding the a priori has unfolded. A number of prominent epistemologists have challenged the coherence or importance of the a priori—a posteriori distinction or, alternatively, of the concept of a priori knowledge. My focus in this paper is on these new challenges to the a priori. My goals are to (1) provide a framework for organizing the challenges, (2) articulate and assess a range of the challenges, and (3) present two (...)
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  39. Albert Casullo (2012). Essays on a Priori Knowledge and Justification: Essays. Oup Usa.
    The past twenty-five years have seen a major renewal of interest in the topic of a priori knowledge. In the sixteen essays collected here, which span this entire period, philosopher Albert Casullo documents the complex set of issues motivating the renewed interest, identifies the central epistemological questions, and provides the leading ideas of a unified response to them.
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  40. Albert Casullo (2005). Epistemic Overdetermination and A Priori Justification. Philosophical Perspectives 19 (1):41-58.
    Philosophical Perspectives 19 (2005): 41-58.
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  41. Albert Casullo (2001). Experience and a Priori Justification. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 63 (3):665–671.
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  42. Albert Casullo (1988). Revisability, Reliabilism, and a Priori Knowledge. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 49 (2):187-213.
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  43. Albert Casullo (1978). On "A Definition of A Priori Knowledge". Journal of Critical Analysis 7 (2):43-46.
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  44. Albert Casullo (1977). The Definition of a Priori Knowledge. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 38 (2):220-224.
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  45. Albert Casullo, Annotated Bibliography on A Priori Knowledge.
    Contents 1. Introduction 2. General Overviews 3. Textbooks 4. Anthologies 5. Historical Background to the Contemporary Debate 6. General Accounts 7. Mathematical Knowledge 8. Logical Knowledge 9. Intuitions and Conceptual Analysis 10. Modal Knowledge a. Overviews b. Primary Sources 11. Testimonial Knowledge 12. Naturalism 13. Scepticism 14. New Developments..
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  46. Albert Casullo, A Contemporary Perspective on A Priori Knowledge.
    (K1) All knowledge of necessary propositions is a priori. (K2) All propositions known a priori are necessary. (K3) All knowledge of analytic propositions is a priori; and (K4) Some propositions known a priori are synthetic.
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  47. Albert Casullo, Intuition, Thought Experiments, and the A Priori.
    There has been a significant shift in the discussion of a priori knowledge. The shift is due largely to the influence of Quine. The traditional debate focused on the epistemic status of mathematics and logic. Kant, for example, maintained that arithmetic and geometry provide clear examples of synthetic a priori knowledge and that principles of logic, such as the principle of contradiction, provide the basis for analytic a priori knowledge. Quine’s rejection of the analytic-synthetic distinction and his holistic empiricist account (...)
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  48. Albert Casullo & Joshua C. Thurow (eds.) (2013). The A Priori in Philosophy. OUP Oxford.
    For centuries philosophers have attached much importance to a priori knowledge, but recent work in epistemology and experimental philosophy has questioned this. Leading philosophers discuss explanations of the a priori, challenges to its existence, the status of intuition, and the justification of belief--topics at the centre of current debate.
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  49. Roderick Chisholm (2008). The a Priori. In Duncan Pritchard & Ram Neta (eds.), Arguing About Knowledge. Routledge. 402.
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  50. Armando Cíntora (2003). ¿Puede El Naturalismo Normativo Evitar Presupuestos a Priori o Intuitivos? Signos Filosóficos 9:101-110.
    The normative naturalism proposed by Larry Laudan cannot avoid some unjustified a priori or intuitive premises, a situation that contradicts his explicit purpose of proposing a metamethodology without these kinds of assumptions. The naturalized scientific methodology only wants to be as empirica..
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