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Subcategories:History/traditions: The A Priori
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  1. André Akoun (1996). Les Droits de l'Homme, a Priori de la Démocratie. Hermes 19:191.
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  2. Virgil C. Aldrich (1969). Logically Necessary A Posteriori Propositions. Analysis 29 (4):140 - 142.
  3. Virgil C. Aldrich (1954). The Origin of the Apriori. Journal of Philosophy 51 (8):229-237.
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  4. Michael Anacker (2012). Unterbestimmtheit Und Pragmatische Aprioris: Vom Tribunal der Erfahrung Zum Wissenschaftlichen Prozess. Mentis.
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  5. Konstantine Arkoudas & Selmer Bringsjord (2007). Computers, Justification, and Mathematical Knowledge. Minds and Machines 17 (2):185-202.
    The original proof of the four-color theorem by Appel and Haken sparked a controversy when Tymoczko used it to argue that the justification provided by unsurveyable proofs carried out by computers cannot be a priori. It also created a lingering impression to the effect that such proofs depend heavily for their soundness on large amounts of computation-intensive custom-built software. Contra Tymoczko, we argue that the justification provided by certain computerized mathematical proofs is not fundamentally different from that provided by surveyable (...)
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  6. Robert Audi (2008). Skepticism About a Priori Justification: Self-Evidence, Defeasibility. In John Greco (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Skepticism. Oxford University Press 149.
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  7. Robert Audi (2008). Skepticism About the a Priori: Self-Evidence, Defeasibility, and Cogito Propositions. In John Greco (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Skepticism. Oxford University Press 149--175.
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  8. F. E. B. (1960). Christian Rationalism and Philosophical Analysis. Review of Metaphysics 13 (3):529-529.
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  9. T. Baggio (2003). The a-Priori of Meaning in Vincenzo Gioberti's Ontologism. Verifiche: Rivista Trimestrale di Scienze Umane 32 (3-4):255-296.
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  10. Thomas Baldwin (2001). On Considering a Possible World as Actual. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 75 (1):157–174.
    [Robert Stalnaker] Saul Kripke made a convincing case that there are necessary truths that are knowable only a posteriori as well as contingent truths that are knowable a priori. A number of philosophers have used a two-dimensional model semantic apparatus to represent and clarify the phenomena that Kripke pointed to. According to this analysis, statements have truth-conditions in two different ways depending on whether one considers a possible world 'as actual' or 'as counterfactual' in determining the truth-value of the statement (...)
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  11. Mariano Benavente Barreda (1970). Sentido gnoseológico de los juicios sintéticos a priori. Logos 5:27-52.
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  12. George Bealer (1999). A Theory of the Apri. In James Tomberlin (ed.), Epistemology. Blackwell 29--56.
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  13. George Bealer (1999). The a Priori. In John Greco & Ernest Sosa (eds.), The Blackwell Guide to Epistemology. Blackwell 2004.
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  14. Beck Beck (1946). Ap's The A Priori in Physical Theory. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 7:661.
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  15. E. C. Benecke (1895). What Is Meant by the A Priori Element in Knowledge? Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 3 (2):11 - 25.
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  16. Fedde Benedictus & Dennis Dieks (2015). Reichenbach’s Transcendental Probability. Erkenntnis 80 (1):15-38.
    The aim of this article is twofold. First, we shall review and analyse the neo-kantian justification for the application of probabilistic concepts in science that was defended by Hans Reichenbach early in his career, notably in his dissertation of 1916. At first sight this kantian approach seems to contrast sharply with Reichenbach’s later logical positivist, frequentist viewpoint. But, and this is our second goal, we shall attempt to show that there is an underlying continuity in Reichenbach’s thought: typical features of (...)
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  17. E. Bernard-Weil (1992). A Priori and a Posteriori in Cognitive Praxis the Model for the Regulation of Agonistic Antagonistic Couples. In G. van der Vijve (ed.), New Perspectives on Cybernetics. 220--59.
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  18. E. F. Bertoldi (1983). The Historical A Priori. New Scholasticism 57 (1):83-97.
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  19. John Bigelow (1992). The Doubtful A Priori. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 22 (sup1):151-166.
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  20. Cynthia Jayne Bolton (1992). Necessary a Posteriori Truth. Dissertation, Michigan State University
    Traditionally, philosophers have used the analytic/synthetic, a priori/a posteriori, and necessary/contingent distinctions to categorize statements. And traditionally, philosophers have used these distinctions to categorize necessary statements as a priori statements. Yet certain statements seem better categorized as necessary and a posteriori. Examples of such statements include: Heat is the form of energy constituted by the motion of atoms and molecules in solids; Gold is the element with atomic number 79; and Water is H$\sb2$O. For while we believe that these statements (...)
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  21. Laurence BonJour (2013). Is There a Priori Knowledge? In Matthias Steup & John Turri (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Epistemology. Blackwell 177.
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  22. Laurence Bonjour (2003). 40. Toward a Moderate Rationalism. In Steven Luper (ed.), Essential Knowledge: Readings in Epistemology. Longman 402.
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  23. Laurence BonJour (1998). In Defense of Pure Reason a Rationalist Account of a Priori Justification. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
    This book is concerned with the alleged capacity of the human mind to arrive at beliefs and knowledge about the world on the basis of pure reason without any dependence on sensory experience. Most recent philosophers reject the view and argue that all substantive knowledge must be sensory in origin. Laurence BonJour provocatively reopens the debate by presenting the most comprehensive exposition and defence of the rationalist view that a priori insight is a genuine basis for knowledge. This important book (...)
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  24. Laurence Bonjour (1995). Toward a Moderate Rationalism. Philosophical Topics 23 (1):47-78.
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  25. Laurence BonJour & Robert Audi (1995). A Priori. In Audi Robert (ed.), The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy. Cambridge University Press
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  26. N. W. Boyce (1972). A Priori Knowledge and Cosmology. Philosophy 47 (179):67 - 70.
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  27. David Braddon‐Mitchell (2013). Weasels and the A Priori. In Dan Ryder, Justine Kingsbury & Kenneth Williford (eds.), Millikan and Her Critics. John Wiley & Sons 241--258.
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  28. Nancy Sheara Brahm (1999). The Nature and Sources of a Priori Justification. Dissertation, The University of Nebraska - Lincoln
    The dissertation maintains that a priori justification requires a non-experiential source of justification. Further, it is argued that a non-experiential source of justification involves only cognitive seemings as evidence to justify a belief. ;Chapter one considers the question, in what sense is a priori justification independent of experience? Three theses are considered, each expresses a sense of independence allegedly necessary for a priori justification: source independence, defeasibility independence, and causal independence. I argue that defeasibility independence is not a necessary condition (...)
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  29. António José De Brito (1994). A Propósito da Síntese a Priori. Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 50 (1/3):65 - 78.
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  30. Teresa Anne Britton (1997). A Priori Knowledge and Naturalized Epistemology. Dissertation, The University of Wisconsin - Madison
    The focus of this dissertation is the relationship between a priori knowledge and naturalized epistemology. I consider, by way of Paul Benacerraf's essay entitled "Mathematical Truth," the incompatibility between a priori knowledge and a causal theory of knowledge. The ideas in this essay are often invoked to support mathematical empiricism. I show that Benacerraf's own argument offers no conclusive reason to accept mathematical empiricism ;The argument given in Benacerraf's essay presupposes a causal theory of knowledge. A priori knowledge is incompatible (...)
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  31. James Robert Brown (1992). EPR As A Priori Science. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 22 (sup1):253-272.
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  32. Anthony Brueckner (2011). Albert Casullo's A Priori Justification. In Michael J. Shaffer & Michael Veber (eds.), What Place for the a Priori? Open Court 85.
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  33. Otávio Bueno (2012). Is Logic A Priori? The Harvard Review of Philosophy 17 (1):105-117.
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  34. Panayot Butchvarov (2003). Review of Albert Casullo, A Priori Justification. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2003 (8).
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  35. Darragh Byrne (2007). A Priori Justification. Philosophical Books 48 (3):241-251.
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  36. John Campbell (1987). Is Sense Transparent? Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 88:273-292.
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  37. H. W. Carr, J. H. Muirhead & G. F. Stout (1894). Symposium: Is the Knowledge of Space A Priori? Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 3 (1):119 - 133.
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  38. W. R. Carter (1976). On A Priori Contingent Truths. Analysis 36 (2):105 - 106.
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  39. Quassim Cassam (2000). Rationalism, Empiricism, and the A Priori. In Paul Boghossian & Christopher Peacocke (eds.), New Essays on the a Priori. Oxford University Press 43--64.
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  40. Quassim Cassam (1998). Self-Knowledge, A Priori Knowledge, and the Cognitive Structure of the Mind. In Anthony O'Hear (ed.), Contemporary Issues in the Philosophy of Mind. Cambridge University Press
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  41. Charles Cassini (2004). On Kitcher's Definition of a Priori Knowledge. Philosophy Today 48 (3):235-244.
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  42. Albert Casullo, Articulating the A Priori-A Posteriori Distinction.
    It seems to me that discussions of the past decades have made clear how intricate and complex the classical notion of the a priori is, and neither the Strong conception nor the Weak conception (nor anything else) can provide a coherent explication. (Kitcher 2000.
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  43. Albert Casullo, B o O K R E V I E W S.
    At any given time, an individual has certain beliefs and certain procedures or methods for modifying those beliefs. In The Realm of Reason, as in his previous book, Being Known (1999), Christopher Peacocke is concerned with the elusive question of what it is for someone to be “entitled” to a given belief or procedure.1..
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  44. Albert Casullo (2014). Uncovering Buried Treasure: Henderson and Horgan on Conceptual Analysis. Philosophical Studies 169 (3):509-523.
    David Henderson and Terry Horgan offer a detailed account of the structure of conceptual analysis that is embedded within a more general account of a priori justification. Their account highlights an important feature of conceptual analysis that has been overlooked in the recent debate. Although it is generally recognized that conceptual analysis involves an inference from premises to the effect that some concept does (or does not) apply to a range of particular cases to a general conclusion about the nature (...)
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  45. Albert Casullo (2013). Four Challenges to the a Priori—a Posteriori Distinction. Synthese:1-24.
    During the past decade a new twist in the debate regarding the a priori has unfolded. A number of prominent epistemologists have challenged the coherence or importance of the a priori—a posteriori distinction or, alternatively, of the concept of a priori knowledge. My focus in this paper is on these new challenges to the a priori. My goals are to (1) provide a framework for organizing the challenges, (2) articulate and assess a range of the challenges, and (3) present two (...)
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  46. Albert Casullo (2012). Essays on a Priori Knowledge and Justification: Essays. OUP Usa.
    The past twenty-five years have seen a major renewal of interest in the topic of a priori knowledge. In the sixteen essays collected here, which span this entire period, philosopher Albert Casullo documents the complex set of issues motivating the renewed interest, identifies the central epistemological questions, and provides the leading ideas of a unified response to them.
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  47. Albert Casullo (2005). Epistemic Overdetermination and A Priori Justification. Philosophical Perspectives 19 (1):41-58.
    Philosophical Perspectives 19 (2005): 41-58.
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  48. Albert Casullo (2001). Experience and a Priori Justification. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 63 (3):665–671.
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  49. Albert Casullo (1988). Revisability, Reliabilism, and a Priori Knowledge. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 49 (2):187-213.
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  50. Albert Casullo (1978). On "A Definition of A Priori Knowledge". Journal of Critical Analysis 7 (2):43-46.
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