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  1. Tom Abate (1994). Climate and the Collapse of Civilization. BioScience 44 (8):516-519.
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  2. Tom Abate (1994). Climate and the Collapse of Civilization Archaeologists Debate Over the Degree to Which Variations in Aridity Affected the Well-Being of Ancient Societies. BioScience 44 (8):516-519.
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  3. John Abatzoglou, Joseph Fc Dimento, Pamela Doughman & Stefano Nespor (2007). A Primer on Global Climate Change and its Likely Impacts. In Joseph F. DiMento & Pamela Doughman (eds.), Climate Change: What It Means for Us, Our Children, and Our Grandchildren. The Mit Press.
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  4. J. D. Aber & W. R. Jordan (1985). Restoration Ecology: An Environmental Middle Ground. BioScience 35 (7):399-399.
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  5. John D. Aber, Knute J. Nadelhoffer, Paul Steudler & Jerry M. Melillo (1989). Nitrogen Saturation in Northern Forest Ecosystems. BioScience 39 (6):378-386.
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  6. John D. Aber & I. I. I. William R. Jordan (1985). Restoration Ecology: An Environmental Middle Ground. BioScience 35 (7):7482-7482.
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  7. John Aber, Ronald P. Neilson, Steve Mcnulty, James M. Lenihan, Dominique Bachelet & Raymond J. Drapek (2001). Forest Processes and Global Environmental Change: Predicting the Effects of Individual and Multiple Stressors. BioScience 51 (9):735.
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  8. John Aber, Ronald P. Neilson, Steve McNulty, James M. Lenihan, Dominique Bachelet & Raymond J. Drapek (2001). Forest Processes and Global Environmental Change: Predicting the Effects of Individual and Multiple Stressors We Review the Effects of Several Rapidly Changing Environmental Drivers on Ecosystem Function, Discuss Interactions Among Them, and Summarize Predicted Changes in Productivity, Carbon Storage, and Water Balance. BioScience 51 (9):735-751.
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  9. Warren G. Abrahamson, Thomas G. Whitham & Peter W. Price (forthcoming). Fads in Ecology. BioScience.
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  10. Ralph Acampora (2004). The Joyful Wisdom of Ecology'. New Nietzsche Studies 5 (3):4.
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  11. P. Acot & J. M. Drouin (1996). [The Introduction in France, Between the Two World Wars, of the Ideas of American Scientific Ecology]. Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 50 (4):461-479.
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  12. Gina A. Adams & Diana H. Wall (2000). Biodiversity Above and Below the Surface of Soils and Sediments: Linkages and Implications for Global Change. BioScience 50 (12):1043.
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  13. Forests Will Trigger Market Adapta & Well Have Significant Effects On (2001). Assessing Socioeconomic Impacts of Climate Change on US Forests, Wood-Product Markets, and Forest Recreation. BioScience 51:9.
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  14. Hicham-Stéphane Afeissa (2010). La Communauté des Êtres de Nature. Éditions Mf.
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  15. Hoda Afshari (2012). Design Fundamentals in the Hot and Humid Climate of Iran: The Case of Khoramshahr. Asian Culture and History 4 (1):p65.
    Building design based on principles of architecture in harmony with the climate of each region, in addition to creating thermal comfort in building interiors, reduces fuel consumption and more important it will demonstrate a clean and green environment. This issue becomes more intense in some geological areas like Khoramshahr in Iran, which has a warm, tropical and critical climate, since if this issue is not taking into account, using air conditioning utilities would be necessary in most periods of the year. (...)
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  16. Emmanuel Agius (2006). 16 Intergenerational Justice. In Tremmel J. (ed.), The Handbook of Intergenerational Justice. Edward Elgar. 317.
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  17. Govindasamy Agoramoorthy & Minna J. Hsu (2005). Religious Freeing of Wildlife Promotes Alien Species Invasion. BioScience 55 (1):6.
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  18. Arun Agrawal (1996). The Community Vs. The Market and the State: Forest Use Inuttarakhand in the Indian Himalayas. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 9 (1):1-15.
    Most writers on resource management presume that local populations, if they act in their self-interest, seldom conserve or protect natural resources without external intervention or privatization. Using the example of forest management by villagers in the Indian Himalayas, this paper argues that rural populations can often use resources sustainably and successfully, even under assumptions of self-interested rationality. Under a set of specified social and environmental conditions, conditions that prevail in large areas of the Himalayas and may also exist in other (...)
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  19. William Aiken (1979). Food First: Beyond the Myth of Scarcity. Environmental Ethics 1 (3):279-282.
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  20. Tomohiro Akiyama, Jia Li, Jumpei Kubota, Yuki Konagaya & Mitsuko Watanabe (2012). Perspectives on Sustainability Assessment: An Integral Approach to Historical Changes in Social Systems and Water Environment in the Ili River Basin of Central Eurasia, 1900–2008. World Futures 68 (8):595-627.
    This article proposes an alternative approach in sustainability assessment. The conceptual framework was developed by modifying Ken Wilber's All Quadrants, All Levels (AQAL) approach, and focuses on the inter-relatedness/inter-connection of various perspectives inherent to the concept of sustainability. To look at how our framework can facilitate the practice of sustainability assessment, we apply the framework to examine the relationships between social systems and the environmental changes in the Ili River basin across the period 1900?2008. This approach enables us to investigate (...)
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  21. Marina Alberti, John M. Marzluff, Eric Shulenberger, Gordon Bradley, Clare Ryan & Craig Zumbrunnen (2003). Integrating Humans Into Ecology: Opportunities and Challenges for Studying Urban Ecosystems. BioScience 53 (12):1169.
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  22. Clarence Alexander, Nora Bynum, Elizabeth Johnson, Ursula King, Tero Mustonen, Peter Neofotis, Noel Oettlé, Cynthia Rosenzweig, Chie Sakakibara & Vyacheslav Shadrin (2011). Linking Indigenous and Scientific Knowledge of Climate Change. BioScience 61 (6):477-484.
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  23. Vera Alexander (1992). Warming Cool Climates Arctic Ecosystems in a Changing Climate: An Ecophysiological Perspective F. S. Chapin R. L. Jeffries J. F. Reynolds G. R. Shaver J. Svoboda E. W. Chu. [REVIEW] BioScience 42 (9):710-711.
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  24. Sameer K. Alhamidi, Mats Gustafsson, Hans Larsson & Per Hillbur (2003). The Cultural Background of the Sustainability of the Traditional Farming System in the Ghouta the Oasis of Damascus, Syria. Agriculture and Human Values 20 (3):231-240.
    This paper discusses thepractical impact of a non-materialistic cultureon sustainable farm management.Two elements are discussed: first, how deeplyrooted religion is in this culture; second,the feasibility of using both human knowledgeand experience, so-called tradition and divineguidance in management. Finally, theimplications of the fusion of these twoelements are drawn. The outcome is thecapability of man to integrate ethical valuesinto decisions and actions. This integration,when applied by skilled farmers, leads to amanagement of natural resources in analtruistic fashion and not merely to economicends. Moreover, (...)
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  25. Alison Hope Alkon (2008). From Value to Values: Sustainable Consumption at Farmers Markets. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 25 (4):487-498.
    Advocates of environmental sustainability and social justice increasingly pursue their goals through the promotion of so-called “green” products such as locally grown organic produce. While many scholars support this strategy, others criticize it harshly, arguing that environmental degradation and social injustice are inherent results of capitalism and that positive social change must be achieved through collective action. This study draws upon 18 months of ethnographic fieldwork at two farmers markets located in demographically different parts of the San Francisco Bay Area (...)
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  26. William H. Allen (forthcoming). Biocultural Restoration of a Tropical Forest. BioScience.
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  27. William H. Allen (1992). Increased Dangers to Caribbean Marine Ecosystems. BioScience 42 (5):330-335.
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  28. Fred W. Allendorf (2005). Evolutionary Conservation Biology. BioScience 55 (3):285.
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  29. Fritz Allhoff (forthcoming). Issues: The Distant Future? Nanoethics: The Ethical and Social Implications of Nanotechnology.
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  30. Ben Almassi (2012). Climate Change, Epistemic Trust, and Expert Trustworthiness. Ethics and the Environment 17 (2):29-49.
    The evidence most of us have for our beliefs on global climate change, the extent of human contribution to it, and appropriate anticipatory and mitigating actions turns crucially on epistemic trust. We extend trust or distrust (or refrain from extending either) to many varied others: scientists performing original research, intergovernmental agencies and those reviewing research, think tanks offering critique and advocating skepticism, journalists transmitting and interpreting claims, even social systems of modern science such as peer-reviewed publication and grant allocation. Our (...)
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  31. Michael Alvard (2009). Kinship and Cooperation. Human Nature 20 (4):394-416.
    Chagnon’s analysis of a well-known axe fight in the Yanomamö village of Mishimishiböwei-teri (Chagnon and Bugos 1979) is among the earliest empirical tests of kin selection theory for explaining cooperation in humans. Kin selection theory describes how cooperation can be organized around genetic kinship and is a fundamental tool for understanding cooperation within family groups. Previous analysis on groups of cooperative Lamaleran whale hunters suggests that the role of genetic kinship as a principle for organizing cooperative human groups could be (...)
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  32. Michael S. Alvard (1994). Conservation by Native Peoples. Human Nature 5 (2):127-154.
    Native peoples have often been portrayed as natural conservationists, living a “balanced” existence with nature. It is argued that this perspective is a result of an imprecise operational definition of conservation. Conservation is defined here in contrast to the predictions of foraging theory, which assumes that foragers will behave to maximize their short-term harvesting rate. A behavior is deemed conservation when a short-term cost is paid by the resource harvester in exchange for long-term benefits in the form of sustainable harvests. (...)
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  33. Sergio Ticul Álvarez-castañeda, Patricia Cortés-Calva, Lia Méndez & Alfredo Ortega-Rubio (2006). Development in the Sea of Cortés Calls for Mitigation. BioScience 56 (10):825.
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  34. Kojo Sebastian Amanor (1991). Managing the Fallow: Weeding Technology and Environmental Knowledge in the Krobo District of Ghana. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 8 (1-2):5-13.
    The paper explores the relationship between environmental knowledge and farming and fallowing strategies on degraded forest land in the Upper Manya Krobo district of southeastern Ghana. Changes in cropping strategies are related to the expansion and transformation of frontier agrarian settlement, increasing population density, social differentiation, and land hunger. As a consequence land degradation has become a serious problem among the smaller farmers with insufficient land to allow fallow recuperation. Small farmers' awareness and perceptions of the processes of degradation are (...)
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  35. Aklilu Amsalu & Jan de Graaff (2006). Farmers' Views of Soil Erosion Problems and Their Conservation Knowledge at Beressa Watershed, Central Highlands of Ethiopia. Agriculture and Human Values 23 (1):99-108.
    Farmers’ decisions to conserve natural resources generally and soil and water particularly are largely determined by their knowledge of the problems and perceived benefits of conservation. In Ethiopia, however, farmer perceptions of erosion problems and farmer conservation practices have received little analysis or use in conservation planning. This research examines farmers’ views of erosion problems and their conservation knowledge and practices in the Beressa watershed in the central highlands of Ethiopia. Data were obtained from a survey of 147 farm households (...)
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  36. Ronald Amundson & Hans Jenny (1997). On a State Factor Model of Ecosystems. BioScience 47 (8):536-543.
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  37. James C. Anderson (1993). Species Equality and the Foundations of Moral Theory. Environmental Values 2 (4):347 - 365.
    The paper discusses various concepts of 'species equality' and 'species superiority' and the assumptions concerning intrinsic value on which they depend. I investigate what philosophers from the traditional deontological (Taylor and Lombardi) and utilitarian (Singer and Attfield) perspectives have meant by their claims for species equality. I attempt to provide a framework of intrinsic values that justifies one sense in which members of a species can be said to be superior to members of another species.
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  38. Joseph Anderson & Barbara Anderson (1996). The Case for an Ecological Metatheory. In David Bordwell Noel Carroll (ed.), Post-Theory: Reconstructing Film Studies. University of Wisconsin Press. 347--367.
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  39. Peder Anker (2007). Science as a Vacation: A History of Ecology in Norway. History of Science 45 (150):455-479.
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  40. Raymond Anthony (2012). Building a Sustainable Future for Animal Agriculture: An Environmental Virtue Ethic of Care Approach Within the Philosophy of Technology. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (2):123-144.
    Agricultural technologies are non-neutral and ethical challenges are posed by these technologies themselves. The technologies we use or endorse are embedded with values and norms and reflect the shape of our moral character. They can literally make us better or worse consumers and/or people. Looking back, when the world’s developed nations welcomed and steadily embraced industrialization as the dominant paradigm for agriculture a half century or so ago, they inadvertently championed a philosophy of technology that promotes an insular human-centricism, despite (...)
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  41. Raymond Anthony (2012). Introduction. Ethics and the Environment 17 (2):1-8.
    In 2012, the sea ice in the Arctic Ocean melted to 4.10 million square kilometers, the smallest level to date. 2012 has also been marked by extreme weather, intense storms, drought, heat waves, warming oceans and intense precipitation events in many regions of the world. While climate scientists consider the relationship between climate change and large storms like Hurricane Sandy or the 2010 drought in Russia, many still continue to hum and haw over the extent to which human-induced climate change (...)
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  42. Nirmalya N. Arayan Chakraborty (2010). On the Idea of Obligation to Future Generations. In Shashi Motilal (ed.), Applied Ethics and Human Rights: Conceptual Analysis and Contextual Applications. London, Anthem Press.
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  43. David Archard (1993). Justice Between Age Groups and Generations. [REVIEW] Radical Philosophy 63.
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  44. V. Argyrou (2007). Raul Acosta Reviews The Logic of Environmentalism: Anthropology, Ecology and Postcoloniality. Journal of Biosocial Science 39 (6):940.
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  45. Raphael Arlettaz, Veronika Braunisch, Michael Schaub & James Em Watson (2011). Change in Conservation Efforts Response. BioScience 61 (2):93-94.
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  46. Raphael Arlettaz, Michael Schaub, Jerome Fournier, Thomas S. Reichlin, Antoine Sierro, Jame E. M. Watson & Veronika Braunisch (2010). From Publications to Public Actions: When Conservation Biologists Bridge the Gap Between Research and Implementation. BioScience 60 (10):835-842.
    There is a vigorous debate about the capacity of conservation biology, as a scientific discipline, to effectively contribute to actions that preserve and restore biodiversity. Various factors may be responsible for the current great divide that exists between conservation research and action. Part of the problem may be a lack of involvement by conservation scientists in actually conducting or helping implement concrete conservation actions, yet scientists’ involvement can be decisive for successful implementation, as illustrated here by the rapid recovery of (...)
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  47. Gustaf Arrhenius & Krister Bykvist, Future Generations and Interpersonal Compensations: Moral Aspects of Energy Use.
    Several people have helped us to write this essay. Our greatest debt is to Wlodek Rabinowicz, who has been an excellent supervisor of the project. He spent a lot of time and energy reading drafts of the essay. Without his painstaking criticism and helpful comments this essay would lack in precision, relevance, and logical correctness. Earlier drafts of the essay were discussed in Sven Danielsson and Wlodek Rabinowicz's seminar at the Department of Philosophy, University of Uppsala. The participants of the (...)
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  48. R. Attfield (2012). Henry Odera Oruka, Ecophilosophy and Climate Change. Thought and Practice 4 (2):51-74.
    The purpose of this paper is to explore what Henry Odera Oruka, a renowned ecophilosopher and Director designate of an Ecophilosophy Centre, would have thought and argued in the sphere of climate change if he had remained alive beyond 1995 and up to the present time.The methodology of the paper combines an analytic and normative study of ethical issues concerning climate change that arose during the 1990s or have arisen during the subsequent period, with a critical examination of relevant international (...)
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  49. Robin Attfield (2012). Biocentrism and Artificial Life. Environmental Values 21 (1):83 - 94.
    Biocentrism maintains that all living creatures have moral standing, but need not claim that all have equal moral significance. This moral standing extends to organisms generated through human interventions, whether by conventional breeding, genetic engineering, or synthetic biology. Our responsibilities with regard to future generations seem relevant to non-human species as well as future human generations and their quality of life. Likewise the Precautionary Principle appears to raise objections to the generation of serious or irreversible changes to the quality of (...)
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  50. Robin Attfield (2011). Beyond Anthropocentrism. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 69:29-46.
    After the first wave of writings in environmental philosophy in the early 1970s, which were mostly critical of anthropocentrism, a new trend emerged which sought to humanise this subject, and to revive or vindicate anthropocentric stances. Only in this way, it was held, could environmental values become human values, and ecological movements manage to become social ecology. Later writers have detected tacit anthropocentrism lurking even in Deep Ecology, or have defended ‘perspectival anthropocentrism’, as the inevitable methodology of any system of (...)
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