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Trust

Edited by Edward Hinchman (University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee)
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  1. Igor Abramov (2009). Building Peace in Fragile States — Building Trust is Essential for Effective Public-Private Partnerships. Journal of Business Ethics 89 (4):481 - 494.
    Increasingly, the private sector is playing a greater role in supporting peace building efforts in conflict and post-conflict areas by providing critical expertise, know-how, and capital. However, reports of the corrupt practices of both governments and businesses have plagued international peace building efforts, deepening the distrust of stricken communities. Businesses are perceived as being selfish and indifferent to the impact their operations may have on the social and political development of local communities. Additionally, the corruption of local governments has been (...)
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  2. Fred Adams (2001). Keith Lehrer, Self‐Trust: A Study of Reason, Knowledge, and Autonomy:Self‐Trust: A Study of Reason, Knowledge, and Autonomy. Ethics 111 (2):427-429.
  3. Jonathan E. Adler (1994). Testimony, Trust, Knowing. Journal of Philosophy 91 (5):264-275.
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  4. Mark Alfano (forthcoming). Friendship and the Structure of Trust. In Alberto Masala & Jonathan Webber (eds.), From Personality to Virtue. Oxford
    In this paper, I describe some of what I take to be the more interesting features of friendship, then explore the extent to which other virtues can be reconstructed as sharing those features. I use trustworthiness as my example throughout, but I think that other virtues such as generosity & gratitude, pride & respect, and the producer’s & consumer’s sense of humor can also be analyzed with this model. The aim of the paper is not to demonstrate that all moral (...)
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  5. James Alm & Benno Torgler (2011). Do Ethics Matter? Tax Compliance and Morality. Journal of Business Ethics 101 (4):635-651.
    In this article we argue that puzzle of tax compliance can be explained, at least in part, by recognizing the typically neglected role of ethics in individual behavior; that is, individuals do not always behave as the selfish, rational, self-interested individuals portrayed in the standard neoclassical paradigm, but rather are often motivated by many other factors that have as their main foundation some aspects of “ethics.” We argue that it is not possible to understand fully an individual’s compliance decisions without (...)
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  6. Ben Almassi (2009). Trust in Expert Testimony: Eddington's 1919 Eclipse Expedition and the British Response to General Relativity. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 40 (1):57-67.
  7. Facundo M. Alonso (forthcoming). Reasons for Reliance. Ethics.
    Philosophers have in general offered only a partial view of the normative grounds of reliance. Some maintain that either one of evidence or of pragmatic considerations has a normative bearing on reliance, but are silent about whether the other kind of consideration has such a bearing on it as well. Others assert that both kinds of considerations have a normative bearing on reliance, but sidestep the question of what their relative normative bearing is. My aim in this article is to (...)
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  8. Facundo M. Alonso (2014). What is Reliance? Canadian Journal of Philosophy 44 (2):163-183.
    In this article I attempt to provide a conceptual framework for thinking about reliance in a systematic way. I argue that reliance is a cognitive attitude that has a tighter connection to the guidance of our thought and action than ordinary belief does. My main thesis is that reliance has a ‘constitutive aim’: namely, it aims at guiding our thought and action in a way that is sensible from the standpoint of practical or theoretical ends. This helps explain why reliance (...)
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  9. Kenneth D. Alpern (1997). What Do We Want Trust to Be? Business and Professional Ethics Journal 16 (1/2/3):29-45.
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  10. Heidrun Åm (2011). Trust as Glue in Nanotechnology Governance Networks. NanoEthics 5 (1):115-128.
    This paper reflects on the change of relations among participants in nanotechnology governance through their participation in governance processes such as stakeholder dialogues. I show that policymaking in practice—that is, the practice of coming and working together in such stakeholder dialogues—has the potential for two-fold performative effects: it can contribute to the development of trust and mutual responsibility on the part of the involved actors, and it may bring about effects on the formation of boundaries of what is sayable and (...)
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  11. Heidrun Åm (2011). Trust as Glue in Nanotechnology Governance Networks. NanoEthics 5 (1):115-128.
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  12. Trond Åm (2011). Trust in Nanotechnology? On Trust as Analytical Tool in Social Research on Emerging Technologies. NanoEthics 5 (1):15-28.
    Trust has become an important aspect of evaluating the relationship between lay public and technology implementation. Experiences have shown that a focus on trust provides a richer understanding of reasons for backlashes of technology in society than a mere focus of public understanding of risks and science communication. Therefore, trust is also widely used as a key concept for understanding and predicting trust or distrust in emerging technologies. But whereas trust broadens the scope for understanding established technologies with well-defined questions (...)
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  13. Jon Aarum Andersen (2005). Trust in Managers: A Study of Why Swedish Subordinates Trust Their Managers. Business Ethics 14 (4):392–404.
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  14. R. I. X. Andreassen & Det Etiske Rod (1990). The Importance of Knowledge and Trust in the Definition of Death. Bioethics 4 (3):232–236.
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  15. Gry Ardal (2010). Self and Other in Trust and Distrust. Judging About Trustworthiness. In Arne Grøn & Claudia Welz (eds.), Trust, Sociality, Selfhood. Mohr Siebeck
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  16. Badredine Arfi (2010). Auto-Immunity of Trust Without Trust. Journal of International Political Theory 6 (2):188-216.
    Trust has been widely investigated both theoretically and empirically. Whether thought of as the result of a calculation of costs/benefits, a shared identity, or a leap of faith, there always seems to be an ‘as if’ rhetorical gesture which is ultimately needed to explain how actors move from the base of trust to expectations of trust via suspending judgment on uncertainty and fear of vulnerability to betrayal and exploitation – the actors ultimately act ‘as if’ they do not fear uncertainty (...)
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  17. Antonio Argandoña (1999). Sharing Out in Alliances: Trust and Ethics. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 21 (2-3):217 - 228.
    Alliances are relatively new forms of relationships between businesses which allow cooperation in some areas of activity while maintaining competition in others, even in those areas where cooperation is the established procedure. Logically, this demands a mutual trust on the basis of which the cooperation can be established. The nature of this relationship is, furthermore, dynamic inasmuch as it develops over a period of time and generates new conditions which either enhance or destroy trust.This article reviews the general issues of (...)
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  18. Semra F. Aşcıgil & Aslı B. Parlakgümüş (2012). Ethical Work Climate as an Antecedent of Trust in Co-Workers. Business and Professional Ethics Journal 31 (3-4):399-417.
    This study aims to enhance the understanding about the influence of perceived ethical work climate dimensions on employees’ trust in co-workers. The instrument used was Victor and Cullen’s (1988) questionnaire containing five empirically derived types of ethical climate (caring, law and code, rules, instrumentalism, and independence). As hypothesized, the study revealed that the instrumental ethical climate dimension was negatively related, and independent climate was positively related to co-worker trust. Thus, two ethical climate dimensions (independent and instrumental) account for the 22.7 (...)
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  19. Richard Ashcroft (2009). The Psychology of Repugnance and the Duty to Trust. American Journal of Bioethics 9 (10):51-52.
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  20. Richard E. Ashcroft (2003). Kant, Mill, Durkheim? Trust and Autonomy in Bioethics and Politics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 34 (2):359-366.
  21. Melanie J. Ashleigh & Edgar Meyer (2012). 14 Deepening the Understanding of Trust: Combining Repertory Grid and Narrative to Explore the Uniqueness of Trust. In Fergus Lyon, Guido Möllering & Mark Saunders (eds.), Handbook of Research Methods on Trust. Edward Elgar Pub. 138.
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  22. Kim Atkins (2002). Friendship, Trust and Forgiveness. Philosophia 29 (1-4):111-132.
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  23. R. F. Atkinson (1959). Facts and Obligations. By Dorothy Emmet. (Published by Dr. Williams' Trust, London, 1958. Pp. 20. Price 3s. 6d.). Philosophy 34 (130):275-.
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  24. Robert Audi (2008). Some Dimensions of Trust in Business Practices: From Financial and Product Representation to Licensure and Voting. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 80 (1):97 - 102.
    This paper is an examination of the role of trust in the previous seven papers in this issue of the Journal. Trust and trustworthiness are briefly characterized; their importance in business itself and in business ethics is briefly described; and each paper is discussed in relation to how trust figures in the ethical issues it raises. The overall discussion brings out the need for further work on the nature of trust and on the elements in business, such as transparency, that (...)
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  25. Angela Ayios (2003). Competence and Trust Guardians as Key Elements of Building Trust in East-West Joint Ventures in Russia. Business Ethics 12 (2):190–202.
    This paper summarises the author 's doctoral research on the development of interpersonal/interorganisational trust in relationships between expatriate and Russian staff working in east‐west enterprises in Russia. There is strong evidence from a variety of researchers to suggest that in order for western businesses investing in Russia to succeed, the dif.cult process of building trust needs to be understood and managed since in the Russian business climate western standards and norms of ethical business have not yet been established. According to (...)
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  26. A. Azmanova (2011). Against the Politics of Fear: On Deliberation, Inclusion and the Political Economy of Trust. Philosophy and Social Criticism 37 (4):401-412.
    This is an inquiry into the economic psychology of trust: that is, what model of the political economy of complex liberal democracies is conducive to attitudes that allow difference to be perceived in the terms of ‘significant other’, rather than as a menacing or an irrelevant stranger. As a test case of prevailing perceptions of otherness in European societies, I examine attitudes towards Turkey’s accession to the European Union.
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  27. Annette Baier (2010). Reflections on How We Live. OUP Oxford.
    The pioneering moral philosopher Annette Baier presents a series of new and recent essays in ethics, broadly conceived to include both engagements with other philosophers and personal meditations on life. Baier's unique voice and insight illuminate topics ranging from patriotism and future generations to honesty, trust, hope, and friendship.
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  28. Annette Baier (1994). The Possibility of Sustaining Trust. Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 2:245-259.
    It is uncontroversial that betrayal of trust which one has encouraged is a grave moral wrong. One case of this is promise breaking, whose self-evident moral wrongness contractarians must invoke to reduce the whole or the most important part of morality to the keeping of a hypothetical mutual agreement for minimal reciprocal services. Mutual advantage, and the sacredness of commitments or encouraged trust, both lie at the heart of what most moral philosophers take to be the point and content of (...)
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  29. Annette Baier (1986). Trust and Antitrust. Ethics 96 (2):231-260.
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  30. Annette C. Baier (2007). Trust, Suffering, and the Aesculapian Virtues. In Rebecca L. Walker & P. J. Ivanhoe (eds.), Working Virtue: Virtue Ethics and Contemporary Moral Problems. Oxford University Press 136--153.
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  31. J. Baker (2003). Intellectual Trust in Oneself and Others. Philosophical Review 112 (4):586-589.
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  32. Judith Baker (2003). Intellectual Trust in Oneself and Others. Philosophical Review 112 (4):586-589.
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  33. Judith Baker (2000). Martin Hollis, Trust Within Reason:Trust Within Reason. Ethics 110 (2):418-421.
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  34. Judith Baker (1987). Trust and Rationality. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 68 (1):1.
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  35. Reviewed by Judith Baker (2000). Martin Hollis, Trust Within Reason. Ethics 110 (2).
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  36. I. Bamforth (2000). Kafka's Uncle: Scenes From a World of Trust Infected by Suspicion. Medical Humanities 26 (2):85-91.
    What happens when we heed a call? Few writers have been as suspicious of their vocation as Franz Kafka (1883–1924). His story, A Country Doctor, (1919) ostensibly about a night visit to a patient that goes badly wrong, suggests a modern writer's journey to the heart of his work. There he discovers that trust, like the tradition which might sustain him, is blighted. This essay also examines Kafka's attitude to illness and the medical profession, and his close relationship with his (...)
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  37. William Lloyd Barnard (1977). Trust: An Analysis of Maurice Friedman's Image of Existential Trust. Dissertation, Boston University School of Education
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  38. Michael Baurmann (2014). Meinungsdynamiken in fundamentalistischen Gruppen: Erklärungshypothesen auf der Basis von Simulationsmodellen. Analyse & Kritik 36 (1):61-102.
    If we want to understand how fundamentalist group ideologies are established, we have to comprehend the social processes which form the basis of the emergence and distribution of such beliefs. In our paper we present an innovative approach to examining these processes and explaining how they function: with the method of computer-based simulation of opinion formation we develop heuristic explanatory models which help to generate new and interesting hypotheses. The focus is thereby not on individuals and their idiosyncrasies but on (...)
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  39. Michael Baurmann & Geoffrey Brennan (2009). What Should the Voter Know? Epistemic Trust in Democracy. Grazer Philosophische Studien 79 (1):159-186.
    Alvin Goldman develops the concept of “core voter knowledge” to capture the kind of knowledge that voters need to have in order that democracy function successfully. As democracy is supposed to promote the people's goals, core voter knowledge must, according to Goldman, first and foremost answer the question which electoral candidate would successfully perform in achieving that voter's ends. In our paper we challenge this concept of core voter knowledge from different angles. We analyse the dimensions of political trustworthiness and (...)
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  40. Timothy M. Beardsley (2011). Trust and Action. BioScience 61 (3):171-171.
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  41. Paolo Becchi & Lorenzo Scillitani (eds.) (2012). Fiducia E Sicurezza: Un Confronto Plurisciplinare. Rubbettino.
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  42. Lawrence C. Becker (2000). Social Trust and Human Communities. [REVIEW] Dialogue 39 (01):173-.
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  43. Lawrence C. Becker (1996). Trust as Noncognitive Security About Motives. Ethics 107 (1):43-61.
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  44. Geoffrey G. Bell, Robert J. Oppenheimer & Andre Bastien (2002). Trust Deterioration in an International Buyer-Supplier Relationship. Journal of Business Ethics 36 (1-2):65 - 78.
    Despite an abundance of research on inter-organizational trust, researchers are only beginning to understand the process of trust deterioration as an inter-organizational phenomenon. This paper presents a case study examining the deteriorating relationship between two international high-tech firms. We surveyed respondents from the supplier firm to identify major elements that reduced the supplier's trust in its customer, using the dimensions of trust identified by Mayer et al. (1995). While violations of ability, integrity, and benevolence all contributed to trust reduction, early (...)
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  45. Richard Bellingham (2003). Ethical Leadership: Rebuilding Trust in Corporations. Hrd Press.
    Creating an ethical culture -- Winning through people -- Winning with customers -- Winning for the community -- Action steps and strategies -- Summary -- Appendix A: An ETHICS evaluation tool: ethics assessment and goal-setting -- Appendix B: Debate and guidance: the literature and best practices.
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  46. Matthew A. Benton (2014). Believing on Authority. European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 6:133-144.
    Linda Zagzebski's "Epistemic Authority" (Oxford University Press, 2012) brings together issues in social epistemology with topics in moral and political philosophy as well as philosophy of religion. In this paper I criticize her discussion of self-trust and rationality, which sets up the main argument of the book; I consider how her view of authority relates to some issues of epistemic authority in testimony; and I raise some concerns about her treatment of religious epistemology and religious authority in particular.
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  47. Gary Bergel (1997). What Have We Learned About Trust From Recent Experiences with Teaming and Empowerment? Business and Professional Ethics Journal 16 (1/2/3):205-210.
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  48. Anna Bernasek (2010). The Economics of Integrity: From Dairy Farmers to Toyota, How Wealth is Built on Trust and What That Means for Our Future. Harperstudio.
    In this "New Era of Responsibility," Bernasek's message is both essential and urgent. The Economics of Integrity is a book for our times.
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  49. N. F. Bews & G. J. Rossouw (2002). A Role for Business Ethics in Facilitating Trustworthiness. Journal of Business Ethics 39 (4):377 - 390.
    The relationship between ethics and trust is ambiguous as ethics can promote trust, whilst trust can simultaneously be abused resulting in unethical behaviour. In this contribution to the debate on trust and ethics the focus is specifically on the role that ethics can play in facilitating trustworthiness. The article starts with a definition of the concept trustworthiness. It then reports on an empirical longitudinal study on trustworthiness that was conducted in a South African company in the insurance industry. The facilitators (...)
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  50. Gerry W. Beyer, What Every Veterinarian Needs to Know About Pet Trusts.
    Most pet owners are extremely devoted to their pets, often considering them members of the family. This devotion can carry over into the owner’s will or trust, leaving gifts for their pets in such instruments. A will or trust involving the pet can be important to the veterinarian because, for example, a trust could specify whether and under what circumstances a medical procedure or euthanasia may take place. This article provides an overview of pet trusts, including historical background and current (...)
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