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  1. R. AbRams & J. Grinspan (2007). Unconscious Semantic Priming in the Absence of Partial Awareness☆. Consciousness and Cognition 16 (4):942-953.
    In a recent paper in Psychological Science, Kouider and Dupoux reported obtaining unconscious Stroop priming only when subjects had partial awareness of the masked distractor words . Kouider and Dupoux conjectured that semantic priming occurs only when such partial awareness is present. The present experiments tested this conjecture in an affective categorization priming task that differed from Kouider and Dupoux’s in using masked distractors that subjects had practiced earlier as visible words. Experiment 1 showed priming from practiced words when subjects (...)
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  2. R. AbRams & J. Grinspan (2007). Semantic and Subword Elements of Unconscious Priming: Commentary on Kouider and Dupoux (2007)☆. Consciousness and Cognition 16 (4):957-958.
  3. J. K. Adams (1957). Laboratory Studies of Behavior Without Awareness. Psychological Bulletin 54:383-405.
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  4. Talis Bachmann (2004). Inaptitude of the Signal Detection Theory, Useful Vexation From the Microgenetic View, and Inevitability of Neurobiological Signatures in Understanding Perceptual (Un)Awareness. Consciousness and Cognition 13 (1):101-106.
  5. L. E. Baker (1937). The Influence of Subliminal Stimuli Upon Verbal Behavior. Journal of Experimental Psychology 20 (1):84.
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  6. J. Balay & Howard Shevrin (1988). The Subliminal Psychodynamic Activation Method: A Critical Review. American Psychologist 43:161-74.
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  7. Moshe Bar (2000). Conscious and Nonconscious Processing of Visual Object Identity. In Yves Rossetti & Antti Revonsuo (eds.), Beyond Dissociation: Interaction Between Dissociated Implicit and Explicit Processing. John Benjamins.
  8. John A. Bargh (1992). Does Subliminality Matter to Social Psychology? Awareness of the Stimulus Versus Awareness of its Influence. In Robert F. Bornstein & T. S. Pittman (eds.), Perception Without Awareness. Guilford.
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  9. William W. Beatty & Nancy Monson (1990). Semantic Priming in Multiple Sclerosis. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 28 (5):397-400.
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  10. William Bevan & Joan Faye Pritchard (1963). Effect of "Subliminal" Tones Upon the Judgment of Loudness. Journal of Experimental Psychology 66 (1):23.
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  11. Madan M. Bhalla & D. Proffitt (2000). Geographical Slant Perception: Dissociation and Coordination Between Explicit Awareness and Visually Guided Actions. In Yves Rossetti & Antti Revonsuo (eds.), Beyond Dissociation: Interaction Between Dissociated Implicit and Explicit Processing. John Benjamins.
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  12. Graham H. Bird (1973). Subliminal Perception. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 73:217-232.
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  13. R. R. Blake & G. V. Ramsey (eds.) (1951). Perception. Ronald Press.
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  14. B. Bonke, W. Fitch & K. Millar (eds.) (1990). Memory and Awareness In Anesthesia. Swets & Zeitlinger.
  15. R. F. Bornstein & T. S. Pittman (eds.) (1992). Perception Without Awareness. New York: Guilford Press.
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  16. Robert Bornstein (1989). Subliminal Techniques as Propaganda Tools: Review and Critique. Journal of Mind and Behavior 10 (3):231-262.
    Research on perception without awareness has provoked strong emotional responses from individuals within and outside the scientific community, due in part to the perceived potential for abuse of subliminal techniques. In this paper, four basic issues regarding the use of subliminal techniques for propaganda purposes are discussed: whether exposure to subliminal stimuli can produce significant, predictable changes in affect, cognition and behavior; whether these effects are robust and powerful enough to make the use of subliminal techniques for propaganda purposes feasible; (...)
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  17. Robert F. Bornstein (2004). Subliminality, Consciousness, and Temporal Shifts in Awareness: Implications Within and Beyond the Laboratory. Consciousness and Cognition 13 (3):613-18.
    In his analysis of subliminal perception research, Erdelyi documented two important phenomena: subchance perception and temporal variability in stimulus availability and accessibility. This Commentary addresses three issues raised by Erdelyi's review: the importance of distinguishing “micro” from “macro” temporal shifts; the need to analyze perception without awareness data at the level of the individual as well as the group; and parallels between the dissociations associated with neuroclinical phenomena and those observed in patients with certain forms of personality pathology. Continued integration (...)
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  18. Robert F. Bornstein (1992). Subliminal Mere Exposure Effects. In Robert F. Bornstein & T. S. Pittman (eds.), Perception Without Awareness. Guilford.
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  19. Robert F. Bornstein (1989). Exposure and Affect: Overview and Meta-Analysis of Research 1968-1987. Psychological Bulletin 106:265-89.
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  20. Robert F. Bornstein & T. S. Pittman (1992). Perception Without Awareness: Cognitive, Clinical, and Social Perspectives. Guilford.
  21. K. S. Bowers (1982). On Being Unconsciously Influenced and Informed. In K. S. Bowers & D. Meichenbaum (eds.), The Unconscious Reconsidered. Wiley.
  22. K. S. Bowers & D. Meichenbaum (eds.) (1982). The Unconscious Reconsidered. Wiley.
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  23. Bruno G. Breitmeyer & Haluk Ögmen (2006). Visual Masking Reveals Differences Between the Nonconscious and Conscious Processing of Form and Surface Attributes. In Haluk Ögmen & Bruno G. Breitmeyer (eds.), The First Half Second: The Microgenesis and Temporal Dynamics of Unconscious and Conscious Visual Processes. Mit Press. 315-333.
  24. Bruno G. Breitmeyer, Haluk Ogmen & Jian Chen (2004). Unconscious Priming by Color and Form: Different Processes and Levels. Consciousness and Cognition 13 (1):138-157.
    Using a metacontrast masking paradigm, prior studies have shown that a target’s color information and form information, can be processed without awareness and that unconscious color processing occurs at early, wavelength-dependent levels in the cortical information processing hierarchy. Here we used a combination of paracontrast and metacontrast masking techniques to explore unconscious color and form priming effects produced by blue, green, and neutral stimuli. We found that color priming in normal observers is significantly reduced when an additional paracontrast mask precedes (...)
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  25. Bruno G. Breitmeyer, Haluk Ogmen, Jose Ramon & Jian Chen (2005). Unconscious and Conscious Priming by Forms and Their Parts. Visual Cognition 12 (5):720-736.
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  26. Bruno G. Breitmeyer, Tony Ro & Haluk Ogmen (2004). A Comparison of Masking by Visual and Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation: Implications for the Study of Conscious and Unconscious Visual Processing. Consciousness and Cognition 13 (4):829-843.
    Visual stimuli as well as transcranial magnetic stimulation can be used: to suppress the visibility of a target and to recover the visibility of a target that has been suppressed by another mask. Both types of stimulation thus provide useful methods for studying the microgenesis of object perception. We first review evidence of similarities between the processes by which a TMS mask and a visual mask can either suppress the visibility of targets or recover such suppressed visibility. However, we then (...)
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  27. Bruno G. Breitmeyer, Tony Ro, Haluk Ögmen & Steven Todd (2007). Unconscious, Stimulus-Dependent Priming and Conscious, Percept-Dependent Priming with Chromatic Stimuli. Perception and Psychophysics 69 (4):550-557.
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  28. Bruno G. Breitmeyer, Tony Ro & Neel S. Singhal (2004). Unconscious Color Priming Occurs at Stimulus- Not Percept-Dependent Levels of Processing. Psychological Science 15 (3):198-202.
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  29. Bruce Bridgeman (1992). Conscious Vs Unconscious Processes: The Case of Vision. Theory and Psychology 2:73-88.
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  30. Robert Briscoe & John Schwenkler (2015). Conscious Vision in Action. Cognitive Science 39 (2).
    It is natural to assume that the fine-grained and highly accurate spatial information present in visual experience is often used to guide our bodily actions. Yet this assumption has been challenged by proponents of the Two Visual Systems Hypothesis , according to which visuomotor programming is the responsibility of a “zombie” processing stream whose sources of bottom-up spatial information are entirely non-conscious . In many formulations of TVSH, the role of conscious vision in action is limited to “recognizing objects, selecting (...)
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  31. Berit Brogaard (2012). Non-Visual Consciousness and Visual Images in Blindsight. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (1):595-596.
    In a recent response paper to Brogaard (2011a), Morten Overgaard and Thor Grünbaum argue that my case for the claim that blindsight subjects are not visually conscious of the stimuli they correctly identify rests on a mistaken necessary criterion for determining whether a conscious experience is visual or non-visual. Here I elaborate on the earlier argu- ment while conceding that the question of whether blindsight subjects are visually con- scious of the visual stimuli they correctly identify largely is an empirical (...)
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  32. Berit Brogaard (2011). Are There Unconscious Perceptual Processes? Consciousness and Cognition 20 (2):449-63.
    Blindsight and vision for action seem to be exemplars of unconscious visual processes. However, researchers have recently argued that blindsight is not really a kind of uncon- scious vision but is rather severely degraded conscious vision. Morten Overgaard and col- leagues have recently developed new methods for measuring the visibility of visual stimuli. Studies using these methods show that reported clarity of visual stimuli correlates with accuracy in both normal individuals and blindsight patients. Vision for action has also come under (...)
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  33. Berit Brogaard, Kristian Marlow & Kevin Rice (2014). Unconscious Influences on Decision Making in Blindsight. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (1):22-23.
  34. Mark T. Brown & D. Besner (2004). In Sight but Out of Mind: Do Competing Views Test the Limits of Perception Without Awareness? Consciousness and Cognition 13 (2):421-429.
    Over a century’s worth of research suggests that “perception” without awareness is a genuine phenomenon. However, relatively little research has explored the question of whether all visually presented information activates representations in long term memory without awareness. Two experiments explored the use of a figure–ground display consisting of competing views in which one view dominates the other such that subjects are unaware of the non-dominant view. Neither experiment provided evidence that the non-dominant view activated its representation in long term memory (...)
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  35. Matthew Brown & Derek Besner (2002). Semantic Priming: On the Role of Awareness in Visual Word Recognition in the Absence of an Expectancy. Consciousness and Cognition 11 (3):402-422.
    By hypothesis, awareness is involved in the modulation of feedback from semantics to the lexical level in the visual word recognition system. When subjects are aware of the fact that there are many related prime–target pairs in a semantic priming experiment, this knowledge is used to configure the system to feed activation back from semantics to the lexical level so as to facilitate processing. When subjects are unaware of this fact, the default set is maintained in which activation is not (...)
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  36. David Bryon & William P. Banks (1980). Patterned Stimuli in Disinhibition and Backward Masking. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 15 (2):105-108.
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  37. Kathleen Carlson & Mark S. Mayzner (1977). A Reassessment of Target-Mask Interaction in Visual Backward Masking. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 9 (3):227-229.
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  38. J. Cheesman & Philip M. Merikle (1986). Distinguishing Conscious From Unconscious Perceptual Processes. Canadian Journal of Psychology 40:343-67.
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  39. J. Cheesman & Philip M. Merikle (1984). Priming with and Without Awareness. Perception and Psychophysics 36:387-95.
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  40. Austen Clark (1996). Review of Robert Schwartz, Vision: Variations on Some Berkeleian Themes. [REVIEW] Philosophical Psychology 9 (1):147-51.
    The excavation of old battlefields can yield some surprises. The old muskets or catapults turn out to be, for the age, surprisingly lethal devices, and the issues which separated the contestants, as well as the alliances which joined some of them, are often found to differ from those described to us in the official histories, written by the victors. So it is too with intellectual history. Robert Schwartz has provided a delightful example of the joys of excavation in this book (...)
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  41. Jonathan D. Cohen & Jonathan W. Schooler (eds.) (1997). Scientific Approaches to Consciousness. Lawrence Erlbaum.
  42. Garrison W. Cottrell (ed.) (1996). Proceedings of the Eighteenth Annual Conference of The Cognitive Science Society. Lawrence Erlbaum.
    This volume features the complete text of all regular papers, posters, and summaries of symposia presented at the 18th annual meeting of the Cognitive Science ...
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  43. M. Damian (2001). Congruity Effects Evoked by Subliminally Presented Primes: Automaticity Rather Than Semantic Processing. Journal of Experimental Psychology 27:154-165.
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  44. J. P. Day & G. N. A. Vesey (1960). Unconscious Perception. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 34:47-78.
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  45. J. A. Debner & Larry L. Jacoby (1994). Unconscious Perception: Attention, Awareness, and Control. Journal of Experimental Psychology 20:304-17.
  46. Sid Kouider & Dehaene & Stanislas (2008). Levels of Processing During Non-Conscious Perception: A Critical Review of Visual Masking. In Jon Driver, Patrick Haggard & Tim Shallice (eds.), Mental Processes in the Human Brain. Oup Oxford.
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  47. Stanislas Dehaene (2005). Imaging Conscious and Subliminal Word Processing. In Ulrich Mayr, Edward Awh & Steven W. Keele (eds.), Developing Individuality in the Human Brain: A Tribute to Michael I. Posner. American Psychological Association. 65-86.
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  48. Stanislas Dehaene, Jean-Pierre Changeux, Lionel Naccache, Jérôme Sackur & Claire Sergent (2006). Conscious, Preconscious, and Subliminal Processing: A Testable Taxonomy. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (5):204-211.
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  49. Stanislas Dehaene, Lionel Naccache, L. Jonathan Cohen, Denis Le Bihan, Jean-Francois Mangin, Jean-Baptiste Poline & Denis Rivière (2001). Cerebral Mechanisms of Word Masking and Unconscious Repetition Priming. Nature Neuroscience 4 (7):752-758.
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  50. Robert Dell'Acqua & Jonathan Grainger (1999). Unconscious Semantic Priming From Pictures. Cognition 73 (1):1-15.
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