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Universals

Edited by Gabriele Contessa (Carleton University)
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  1. A. (1980). Nominalism and Realism: Universals and Scientific Realism. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 33 (3):615-616.
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  2. R. I. Aaron (1941). Hume's Theory of Universals. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 42:117 - 140.
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  3. Richard I. Aaron (1965). Wittgenstein's Theory of Universals. Mind 74 (294):249-251.
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  4. Richard Ithamar Aaron (1952). The Theory of Universals. Oxford [Eng.]Clarendon Press.
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  5. Richard Ithamar Aaron (1947/1975). Our Knowledge of Universals. Haskell House Publishers.
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  6. H. B. Acton (1937). The Theory of Concrete Universals (II.). Mind 46 (181):1-13.
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  7. H. B. Acton (1936). The Theory of Concrete Universals. Mind 45 (180):417-431.
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  8. H. B. Acton (1936). The Theory of Concrete Universals (I.). Mind 45 (180):1-13.
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  9. Joseph Agassi & Paul T. Sagal (1975). The Problem of Universals. Philosophical Studies 28 (4):289 - 294.
    The pair democreteanism-Platonism (nothing/something is outside space-Time) differs from the pair nominalism-Realism (universals are/are not nameable entities). Nominalism need not be democretean, And democreateanism is nominalist only if conceptualism is rejected. Putnam's critique of nominalism is thus invalid. Quine's theory is democretean-When-Possible: quine is also a minimalist platonist. Conceptualists and realists agree that universals exist but not as physical objects. Nominalists accept universals only as "facons de parler".
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  10. R. Ainscough (1929). Relations and Universals. Mind 38 (150):137-160.
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  11. Erik Åkerlund (2009). Suárez on Forms, Universals and Understanding. Studia Neoaristotelica 6 (2):159-182.
    Suarezii de formis, universalibus, notitia intellectiva sententiaSententia Suarezii circa quaestionem famosam de statu universalium variissimis modis ab diversis interpretibus exponi solet. In disertatio quidem proposita res paulo aliter pertractatur, a Suarezii metaphysica doctrina de formis substantialibus et de cognitione intellectiva ac sctientia exeundo. Quae Suarezii doctrinae diligenti analysi subiciuntur earumque conexio consideratur. Respectu quaestione supradicta, scil. quaenam fuit vera Suarezii de statu universalium sententia, arguitur, Suarezium nominalismum moderatum professum esse, quae conclusio suadetur ex doctrinis suis de formis substantialibus et de (...)
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  12. Edwin B. Allaire (1960). Existence, Independence and Universals. Philosophical Review 69 (4):485-496.
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  13. James W. Allard (2007). Sprigge's Vindication of Concrete Universals. In Pierfrancesco Basile & Leemon B. McHenry (eds.), Consciousness, Reality and Value: Essays in Honour of T.L.S. Sprigge. Ontos.
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  14. Jose Tomas Alvarado Marambio (2010). The Function of Universals in Modal Metaphysics. Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 29 (3):77-101.
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  15. José Alvarado (2011). Universales estructurales. Manuscrito 34 (2):469-519.
    The work presents the concept of a structural universal and the criticisms that have been leveled against it. A structural universal is a property had by an individual due to the nature of its proper parts and due to the relations obtaining between those parts. Mellor has argued that there is no reason to accept such universal in addition to the basic universals that compose them. David Lewis has argued –on the other hand– that it has not been satisfactorily explained (...)
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  16. José Tomás Alvarado (2010). “La función de los universales en metafísica modal. Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 29.
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  17. Clifford Amyx (1947). The Iconic Sign in Aesthetics. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 6 (1):54-60.
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  18. John Anderson (1929). "Universals" and Occurrences. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 7:138.
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  19. Christoph Antweiler (2007). Was Ist den Menschen Gemeinsam?: Über Kultur Und Kulturen. Wbg, Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft.
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  20. Peter C. Appleby (1992). The Problem of Universals. Review of Metaphysics 46 (2):421-422.
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  21. A. W. Argyle (1959). Universals and Resemblances. Hibbert Journal 58:142.
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  22. Chrudzimski Arkadiusz (2002). Two Concepts of Trope. Grazer Philosophische Studien 64 (1):137-155.
    The concept of a trope (understood as an individual property and not as a figure of speech) plays an important role in contemporary analytical metaphysics. It is, however, often far from clear what the logic of this concept really is. Indeed, there are two equally important intuitions underlying the concept of trope, two intuitions that generate two quite different conceptual frameworks. According to the first intuition, a trope is a particularised property – a property taken as an individual aspect of (...)
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  23. Andrew W. Arlig (2011). Universals. In H. Lagerlund (ed.), Encyclopedia of Medieval Philosophy. Springer. 1353--1359.
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  24. D. M. Armstrong (2010). Sketch for a Systematic Metaphysics. Oxford University Press.
    David Armstrong sets out his metaphysical system in a set of concise and lively chapters each dealing with one aspect of the world.
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  25. D. M. Armstrong (2006). Reply to Forrest. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 84 (2):229 – 232.
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  26. D. M. Armstrong (2004). Selection From Universals: An Opinionated Introduction. In Tim Crane & Katalin Farkas (eds.), Metaphysics: A Guide and Anthology. Oup Oxford.
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  27. D. M. Armstrong (1993). A World of States of Affairs. Philosophical Perspectives 7 (3):429-440.
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  28. D. M. Armstrong (1989). Universals: An Opinionated Introduction. Westview Press.
    In this short text, a distinguished philosopher turns his attention to one of the oldest and most fundamental philosophical problems of all: How it is that we are able to sort and classify different things as being of the same natural class? Professor Armstrong carefully sets out six major theories—ancient, modern, and contemporary—and assesses the strengths and weaknesses of each. Recognizing that there are no final victories or defeats in metaphysics, Armstrong nonetheless defends a traditional account of universals as the (...)
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  29. D. M. Armstrong (1986). In Defence of Structural Universals. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 64 (1):85 – 88.
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  30. D. M. Armstrong (1982). A Theory of Universals. Vol. I Nominalism and Realism; Vol. II Universals and Scientific Realism. Philosophy 57 (221):408-410.
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  31. D. M. Armstrong (1982). Universals and Scientific Realism Volume 1: Nominalism and Realism; Volume 2: A Theory of Universals. Noûs 16 (1):133-142.
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  32. D. M. Armstrong (1982). Laws of Nature as Relations Between Universals and as Universals. Philosophical Topics 13 (1):7-24.
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  33. D. M. Armstrong (1980). Universals and Scientific Realism. Vol. I: Nominalism and Realism. Vol. II: A Theory of Universals. Philosophical Review 89 (3):471-473.
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  34. D. M. Armstrong (1980). Against Ostrich Nominalism: A Reply to Michael Devitt. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 61.
    In my reply to michael devitt, It is argued, First, That quine fails to appreciate the force of plato's "one over many" argument for universals. It is argued, Second, That quine's failure springs in part at least from his doctrine of ontological commitment: from the view that predicates need not be treated with ontological seriousness. Finally, An attempt is made to blunt the force of devitt's contention that realists cannot give a coherent explanation of the way that universals stand to (...)
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  35. D. M. Armstrong (1978). Naturalism, Materialism and First Philosophy. Philosophia 8 (2-3):261-276.
    First, The doctrine of naturalism, That reality is spatio-Temporal, Is defended. Second, The doctrine of materialism or physicalism, That this spatio-Temporal reality involves nothing but the entities of physics working according to the principles of physics, Is defended. Third, It is argued that these doctrines do not constitute a "first philosophy." a satisfactory first philosophy should recognize universals, In the form of instantiated properties and relations. Laws of nature are constituted by relations between universals. What universals there are, And what (...)
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  36. D. M. Armstrong (1978). Universals and Scientific Realism. Cambridge University Press.
    v. 1. Nominalism and realism.--v. 2. A theory of universals.
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  37. D. M. Armstrong (1975). Towards a Theory of Properties: Work in Progress on the Problem of Universals. Philosophy 50 (192):145 - 155.
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  38. D. M. Armstrong (1975). Towards a Theory of Properties: Work in Progress on the Problem of Universals: D. M. Armstrong. Philosophy 50 (192):145-155.
    Many philosophers have declared that everything which exists is a particular. There is a weak interpretation of this doctrine which I believe to be a true proposition, and a strong one which I believe to be false.
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  39. D. M. Armstrong (1974). Infinite Regress Arguments and the Problem of Universals. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 52 (3):191 – 201.
    What is it for a particular to have a property? many proposed analyses of this situation may be called relational accounts. The particular has some relation, R, To some entity p. R may be the relation of falling under, Being a member of, Resembling or "participating." p may be a predicate, A concept, A class, A paradigm instance or a form. A number of arguments seek to prove that all these accounts are involved in various vicious infinite regresses. These arguments (...)
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  40. David M. Armstrong (2005). Four Disputes About Properties. Synthese 144 (3):1-12.
    In considering the nature of properties four controversial decisions must be made. (1) Are properties universals or tropes? (2) Are properties attributes of particulars, or are particulars just bundles of properties? (3) Are properties categorical (qualitative) in nature, or are they powers? (4) If a property attaches to a particular, is this predication contingent, or is it necessary? These choices seem to be in a great degree independent of each other. The author indicates his own choices.
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  41. David M. Armstrong (1978). Universals and Scientific Realism: Nominalism and Realism Vol. I. Cambridge University Press.
  42. David M. Armstrong (1978). Universals and Scientific Realism: A Theory of Universals Vol. II. Cambridge University Press.
  43. David Malet Armstrong (1978). Nominalism and Realism. Universals and Scientific Realism Volume I. Cambridge University Press.
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  44. David Malet Armstrong (1978). A Theory of Universals. Universals and Scientific Realism Volume Ii. Cambridge University Press.
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  45. Dm Armstrong & G. Bar-Elli (1988). Can a Naturalist Believe in Universals? In Science in Reflection. The Israel Colloquium: Studies in History, Philosophy, and Sociology of Science (Vol. 3). [REVIEW] Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 110:103-122.
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  46. Scott Atran (1999). Itzaj Maya Folkbiological Taxonomy: Cognitive Universals and Cultural Particulars. In D. Medin & S. Atran (eds.), Folkbiology. Mit Press. 119--213.
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  47. B. Aune, Universals and Scientific Realism, Vol 1, Nominalism and Realism, Vol 2, a Theory of Universals - Armstrong,Dm.
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  48. Bruce Aune (2002). Universals and Predication. In Richard M. Gale (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Metaphysics. Blackwell Publishers. 131.
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  49. A. J. Ayer (1933). On Particulars and Universals. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 34:51 - 62.
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  50. M. B. B. (1975). Alessandro Achillini (1463-1512) and His Doctrine of 'Universals' and 'Transcendentals.' a Study in Renaissance Ockhamism. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 29 (2):347-349.
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