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Value Theory, Miscellaneous

Edited by Gwen Bradford (Rice University)
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  1. added 2015-07-31
    Sarin Marchetti (2015). Problematize and Reconstruct: Foucault, Genealogy, and Critique. Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 36 (1).
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  2. added 2015-07-28
    Bruno Guindon (forthcoming). Sources, Reasons, and Requirements. Philosophical Studies.
    This paper offers two competing accounts of normative requirements, each of which purports to explain why some—but not all—requirements are normative in the sense of being related to normative reasons in some robust way. According to the reasons-sensitive view, normative requirements are those and only those which are sensitive to normative reasons. On this account, normative requirements are second-order statements about what there is conclusive reason to do, in the broad sense of the term. According to the reasons-providing view—which I (...)
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  3. added 2015-07-27
    Laurie Calhoun (2014). Pragmatism, Love, and Morality: Triangular Reflections in Carol Reed's The Third Man. Labyrinth: An International Journal for Philosophy, Value Theory and Sociocultural Hermeneutics 16 (2):117-128.
    Carol Reed’s 1949 film The Third Man offers a richly metaphorical expression of the view that pragmatism, love, and morality are incommensurable perspectives from which to interpret the world. Harry Lime is a black market trader whose actions are constrained only by practical considerations. Anna Schmidt, Lime's former lover, understands what is morally wrong with what Lime does, but refuses to assist the police. In contrast, Holly Martins, an old friend from childhood, ultimately agrees to help trap Lime. These three (...)
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  4. added 2015-07-26
    Joshua C. Thurow (2013). Religion, 'Religion', and Tolerance. In Steve Clark Russell Powell & Julian Savulescu (eds.), Religion, Intolerance, and Conflict: A Scientific and Conceptual Investigation. Oxford 146-162.
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  5. added 2015-07-25
    Ittay Nissan-Rozen (forthcoming). Against Moral Hedging. Economics and Philosophy.
    It has been argued by several philosophers that a morally motivated rational agent who has to make decisions under conditions of moral uncertainty ought to maximize expected moral value in his choices, where the expectation is calculated relative to the agent's moral uncertainty. I present a counter-example to this thesis and to a larger family of decision rules for choice under conditions of moral uncertainty. Based on this counter-example, I argue against the thesis and suggest a reason for its failure (...)
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  6. added 2015-07-24
    Alfred Archer (forthcoming). Review: Lisa Tessman. Moral Failure: On The Impossible Demands of Morality. [REVIEW] Philosophical Quarterly.
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  7. added 2015-07-16
    Henrik Andersson (forthcoming). Parity and Comparability—a Concern Regarding Chang’s Chaining Argument. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice:1-9.
    According to Ruth Chang the three standard positive value relations: “better than”, “worse than” and “equally good” do not fully exhaust the conceptual space for positive value relations. According to her, there is room for a fourth positive value relation, which she calls “parity”. Her argument for parity comes in three parts. First, she argues that there are items that are not related by the standard three value relations. Second, that these items are not incomparable, and third, that the phenomena (...)
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  8. added 2015-07-15
    Finn Janning (2015). Philosophy for Everyday Life. Journal of Philosophy of Life 5 (1):1-18.
    The aim of this essay is two-sided. The first is to illustrate to what extent philosophy can contribute to our everyday living. The second is to illustrate how. The implicit thesis that I try to unfold in this experimental essay is that these two sides—what and how—constantly intermingle. Although the philosophical approach takes its inspiration from the French philosophers Gilles Deleuze and Michel Serres, as well as from modern secular mindfulness, the main consideration in any philosophy that contributes to our (...)
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  9. added 2015-07-14
    Thomas M. Besch (forthcoming). On the Right to Justification and Discursive Respect. Dialogue.
    Rainer Forst’s constructivism argues that a right to justification provides a reasonably non-rejectable foundation of justice. With an exemplary focus on his attempt to ground human rights, I argue that this right cannot provide such a foundation. To accord to others such a right is to include them in the scope of discursive respect. But it is reasonably contested whether we should accord to others equal discursive respect. It follows that Forst’s constructivism cannot ground human rights, or justice, categorically. At (...)
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  10. added 2015-07-13
    Jack Reynolds (forthcoming). Phenomenology and Naturalism: A Hybrid and Heretical Proposal. International Journal of Philosophical Studies.
    In this paper I aim to develop a largely non-empirical case for the compatibility of phenomenology and naturalism. To do so, I will criticise what I take to be the standard construal of the relationship between transcendental phenomenology and naturalism, and defend a “minimal” version of phenomenology that is compatible with liberal naturalism in the ontological register (but incompatible with scientific naturalism) and with weak forms of methodological naturalism, the latter of which is understood as advocating “results continuity”, over the (...)
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  11. added 2015-07-09
    Charles Côté-Bouchard (2015). Epistemic Instrumentalism and the Too Few Reasons Objection. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 23 (3):337-355.
    According to epistemic instrumentalism, epistemic normativity arises from and depends on facts about our ends. On that view, a consideration C is an epistemic reason for a subject S to Φ only if Φ-ing would promote an end that S has. However, according to the Too Few Epistemic Reasons objection, this cannot be correct since there are cases in which, intuitively, C is an epistemic reason for S to Φ even though Φ-ing would not promote any of S’s ends. After (...)
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  12. added 2015-07-07
    E. Sonny Elizondo (forthcoming). Morality is its Own Reward. Kantian Review.
    Traditionally, Kantian ethics has been thought hostile to well-being. Recent commentators have rightly called this view into question, but they do not push their challenge far enough. For they leave in place a fundamental assumption on which the traditional view rests, viz., that happiness is all there is to well-being. This assumption is important, since, combined with Kant’s rationalism about morality and empiricism about happiness, it implies that morality and well-being are at best extrinsically related. Since morality can only make (...)
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  13. added 2015-07-06
    Nicholas Maxwell (2015). Can The World Learn Wisdom. Philosophy Now (108):32-35.
    The crisis of our times is that we have science without wisdom. All our current global problems have arisen as a result. Learning how to become wiser has become, not a luxury, but a necessity. The key is to learn from the success of science. We need to learn from scientific progress how to achieve social progress towards a wiser world. This is an old idea that goes back to the French Enlightenment. However, in developing the idea, the philosophes of (...)
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  14. added 2015-07-03
    Michael Bishop (2015). The Good Life: Unifying the Philosophy and Psychology of Well-Being. OUP Usa.
    Science and philosophy study well-being with different but complementary methods. Marry these methods and a new picture emerges: To have well-being is to be "stuck" in a positive cycle of emotions, attitudes, traits and success. This book unites the scientific and philosophical worldviews into a powerful new theory of well-being.
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  15. added 2015-07-03
    Nathan Ballantyne & Justin Tosi (2015). David Foster Wallace on the Good Life. In Steven M. Cahn & Maureen Eckert (eds.), Freedom and the Self: Essays on the Philosophy of David Foster Wallace. Columbia University Press 133-168.
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  16. added 2015-07-03
    Amir Saemi (2015). Aiming at the Good. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 45 (2):197-219.
    This paper shows how we can plausibly extend the guise of the good thesis in a way that avoids intellectualist challenge, allows animals to be included, and is consistent with the possibility of performing action under the cognition of their badness. The paper also presents some independent arguments for the plausibility of this interpretation of the thesis. To this aim, a teleological conception of practical attitudes as well as a cognitivist account of arational desires is offered.
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  17. added 2015-06-29
    Aaron Smuts, Welfare, Meaning, and Worth.
    The central thesis of this book is that there is more to what makes a life worth living than welfare. I argue that the notion of worth captures matters of importance that no plausible theory of welfare can account for. Worth is best thought of as a higher-level kind of value. I defend an objective list theory (OLT) of worth¬—lives worth living are net high in various objective goods. Not only do I defend an list of some of the goods, (...)
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  18. added 2015-06-29
    Richard Kraut (2007). Good, Conation, and Pleasure. In What is Good and Why: The Ethics of Well-Being. Harvard University Press 66-130.
  19. added 2015-06-23
    Alex Sager (2013). Philosophy of Leisure. In Tony Blackshaw (ed.), Routledge Handbook of Leisure Studies. Routledge 5-14.
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  20. added 2015-06-14
    Thaddeus Metz (forthcoming). Review of Todd May, A Significant Life. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews.
    Approx. 2000 word review of Todd May's _A Significant Life: Human Meaning in a Silent Universe_ (University of Chicago Press).
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  21. added 2015-06-13
    Daniel Groll (forthcoming). Medicine & Well-Being. In Guy Fletcher (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Well-Being. Routledge
    The connections between medicine and well-being are myriad. This paper focuses on the place of well-being in clinical medicine. It is here that different views of well-being, and their connection to concepts like “autonomy” and “authenticity”, both illuminate and are illuminated by looking closely at the kinds of interactions that routinely take place between clinicians, patients, and family members. -/- In the first part of the paper, I explore the place of well-being in a paradigmatic clinical encounter, one where a (...)
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  22. added 2015-06-13
    Daniel Groll & Micah Lott (forthcoming). Is There a Role for ‘Human Nature’ in Debates About Human Enhancement? Philosophy.
    In discussions about the ethics of enhancement, it is often claimed that the concept of ‘human nature’ has no helpful role to play. There are two ideas behind this thought. The first is that nature, human nature included, is a mixed bag. Some parts of our nature are good for us and some are bad for us. The ‘mixed bag’ idea leads naturally to the second idea, namely that the fact that something is part of our nature is, by itself, (...)
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  23. added 2015-06-07
    Knut Vuong Nguyen, GNOSEOLOGY: In Relation to Truth, Knowledge and Metaphysics.
    A short introduction on the problem of knowledge, and the problems treated by modern philosophy, in relation to truth and metaphysics.
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  24. added 2015-06-05
    Alexander Hyun & Eric Sampson (2014). On Believing the Error Theory. Journal of Philosophy 111 (11):631-640.
    In his recent article entitled ‘Can We Believe the Error Theory?’ Bart Streumer argues that it is impossible (for anyone, anywhere) to believe the error theory. This might sound like a problem for the error theory, but Streumer argues that it is not. He argues that the un-believability of the error theory offers a way for error theorists to respond to several objections commonly made against the view. In this paper, we respond to Streumer’s arguments. In particular, in sections 2-4, (...)
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  25. added 2015-05-29
    Nuno Pereira Castanheira (2012). Ética e Filosofias da Existência: Pensar no que estamos a fazer. In BeckertCristina (ed.), Ética - Teoria e Prática. Centro de Filosofia da Universidade de Lisboa 227-250.
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  26. added 2015-05-26
    Dale Dorsey (2015). Welfare, Autonomy, and the Autonomy Fallacy. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 96 (2):141-164.
    In this article, I subject the claim that autonomous choice is an intrinsic welfare benefit to critical scrutiny. My argument begins by discussing perhaps the most influential argument in favor of the intrinsic value of autonomy: the argument from deference. In response, I hold that this argument displays what I call the ‘Autonomy Fallacy’: the argument from deference has no power to support the intrinsic value of autonomy in comparison to the important evaluative significance of bare self-direction or what I (...)
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  27. added 2015-05-24
    Thaddeus Metz (2015). Odnajdowanie Sensu W Jego Poszukiwaniu. Filozofuj! 2:9-11.
    Polish translation of mildly revised versions of the introductory and closing pages of _Meaning in Life_.
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  28. added 2015-05-22
    Donato Bergandi (2013). L’Impartialité Engagée : Objectivité Scientifique Et Engagement Moral. In Byk (ed.), Les scientifiques doivent-ils être responsables ? Fondements, enjeux et évolution normative. Les Études Hospitalières 137-154.
    L’humanité est devenue facteur d’évolution au niveau planétaire. En complexifiant toujours plus les modalités de ses relations avec l’environnement, elle pense trouver dans la science l’outil principal de son développement et en définitive de sa survie. La science, en effet, est un système d’acquisition de connaissances qui génère une interprétation systématique et rationnelle du monde naturel ethumain, jamais définitive et en renouvellement continu. En tant qu’explication rationnelle des phénomènes naturels et sociaux, elle nous permet de raffiner sans cesse la compréhension (...)
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  29. added 2015-05-14
    Stephen M. Campbell & Lance Wahlert (2015). Is Disability Conservationism Rooted in Status Quo Bias? American Journal of Bioethics 15 (6):20-22.
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