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Value Theory, Miscellaneous

Edited by Gwen Bradford (Rice University)
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  1. added 2016-02-01
    Maria Brincker (2015). Beyond Sensorimotor Segregation: On Mirror Neurons and Social Affordance Space Tracking. Cognitive Systems Research 34:18-34.
    Mirror neuron research has come a long way since the early 1990s, and many theorists are now stressing the heterogeneity and complexity of the sensorimotor properties of fronto-parietal circuits. However, core aspects of the initial ‘mirror mechanism’ theory, i.e. the idea of a symmetric encapsulated mirroring function translating sensory action perceptions into motor formats, still appears to be shaping much of the debate. This article challenges the empirical plausibility of the sensorimotor segregation implicit in the original mirror metaphor. It is (...)
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  2. added 2016-02-01
    Maria Alvarez (2013). Kinds of Reasons: An Essay in the Philosophy of Action. Oxford University Press Uk.
    Understanding human beings and their distinctive rational and volitional capacities is one of the central tasks of philosophy. The task requires a clear account of such things as reasons, desires, emotions and motives, and of how they combine to produce and explain human behaviour. In Kinds of Reasons, Maria Alvarez offers a fresh and incisive treatment of these issues, focusing in particular on reasons as they feature in contexts of agency. Her account builds on some important recent work in the (...)
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  3. added 2016-01-28
    Ben Bramble (forthcoming). A New Defense of Hedonism About Well-Being. Ergo.
    According to hedonism about well-being, lives can go well or poorly for us just in virtue of our ability to feel pleasure and pain. Hedonism has had many advocates historically, but has relatively few nowadays. This is mainly due to three highly influential objections to it: The Philosophy of Swine, The Experience Machine, and The Resonance Constraint. In this paper, I attempt to revive hedonism. I begin by giving a precise new definition of it. I then argue (...)
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  4. added 2016-01-26
    Miles Tucker (forthcoming). Two Kinds of Value Pluralism. Utilitas:1-14.
    I argue that there are two distinct views called ‘value pluralism’ in contemporary axiology, but that these positions have not been properly distinguished. The first kind of pluralism, weak pluralism, is the view philosophers have in mind when they say that there are many things that are valuable. It is also the kind of pluralism that philosophers like Moore, Brentano and Chisholm were interested in. The second kind of pluralism, strong pluralism, is the view (...)
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  5. added 2016-01-26
    Napoleon M. Mabaquiao Jr (2008). Towards a Meaningful Interfaith Dialogue. Unitas 81 (2):337-351.
    A philosophical inquiry into the nature of dialogue raises three philosophical types of questions; namely: the epistemological, which concerns the objectivity of what is known in the dialogue; the ethical, which concerns the moral goodness of how the participants in the dialogue regard one another; and the existential, which concerns the authenticity of the selves or lives of these participants. A careful examination of these types of philosophical questions provides two critical insights that can shed light on the possibility and (...)
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  6. added 2016-01-24
    Ludovico Geymonat (ed.) (1945). Erminio Juvalta, I limiti del razionalismo etico. Einaudi.
  7. added 2016-01-13
    Daan Evers & Gerlinde van Smeden (forthcoming). Meaning in Life: In Defence of the Hybrid View. Southern Journal of Philosophy.
    According to Susan Wolf's hybrid view about meaning in life, a life is meaningful in virtue of subjective attraction to objectively valuable pursuits. Recently, several philosophers have presented counterexamples to the subjective element in Wolf's view. We argue that these examples are not clearly successful and present a modified version which is even stronger in the face of them. Finally, we offer some positive reasons for accepting a subjective condition on a meaningful life.
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  8. added 2016-01-13
    Steven Gross, Nicholas Tebben & Michael Williams (eds.) (2015). Meaning Without Representation: Essays on Truth, Expression, Normativity, and Naturalism. OUP.
    Much contemporary thinking about language is animated by the idea that the core function of language is to represent how the world is and that therefore the notion of representation should play a fundamental explanatory role in any explanation of language and language use. The chapters in this volume explore various ways this idea may be challenged as well as obstacles to developing various forms of anti- representationalism. Particular attention is given to deflationary accounts of truth, the role of language (...)
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  9. added 2016-01-11
    Colin Hickey, Travis N. Rieder & Jake Earl (forthcoming). Population Engineering and the Fight Against Climate Change. Social Theory and Practice.
    Contrary to political and philosophical consensus, we argue that the threats posed by climate change justify population engineering, the intentional manipulation of the size and structure of human populations. Specifically, we defend three types of policies aimed at reducing fertility rates: (1) choice enhancement, (2) preference adjustment, and (3) incentivization. While few object to the first type of policy, the latter two are generally rejected because of their potential for coercion or morally objectionable manipulation. We argue that forms of each (...)
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  10. added 2016-01-11
    Erich Rast (2016). Harming Yourself and Others: A Note on the Asymmetry of Agency in Action Evaluations. Polish Journal of Philosophy, Vol. VIII, No. 2 (2014) (2):65-74.
    Principles are investigated that allow one to establish a preference ordering between possible actions based on the question of whether the acting agent himself or other agents will benefit or be harmed by the consequences of an action. It is shown that a combination of utility maximization, an altruist principle, and weak negative utilitarianism yields an ordering that seems to be intuitively appealing, although it does not necessarily reflect common everyday evaluations of actions.
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  11. added 2016-01-09
    Ricardo Rozzi, Steward Pickett, Clare Palmer, Juan Armesto & J. Baird Callicott (eds.) (2014). Linking Ecology and Ethics for a Changing World. Springer.
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  12. added 2016-01-09
    Clare Palmer & Emily Brady (2007). Landscape and Value in the Work of Alfred Wainwright. Landscape Research 32 (4):397-421.
    Alfred Wainwright was arguably the best known British guidebook writer of the20th century, and his work has been highly influential in promoting and directing fell-walking in northern Britain, in particular in the English Lake District. His work has, however, received little critical attention. This paper represents an initial attempt to undertake such a study. We examine Wainwright’s work through the lens of the landscape values and aesthetics that, we suggest,underpins it, and by an exploration of what might be called Wainwright’s (...)
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  13. added 2016-01-08
    Christopher S. Gifford (2015). The Value and the Identity of Business: Towards a Logical Framework of Business Value. Proceedings of The Third International Conference on Advances in Social Science, Management and Human Behaviour - SMHB 2015:47-51.
    This article is an exercise in the transposition of certain approaches in analytic philosophy to issues concerning business value and identity in business. We examine the notion of business value and several accounts of value that have been offered in the literature. Luciano Floridi’s formal logical account of a business is introduced and applied as a first step towards a logical framework of business value. Peter Peverelli has claimed that Chinese business identity is accounted for in terms of competitors, (...)
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  14. added 2016-01-06
    Lorenzo Greco (2013). Marco Geuna, Giambattista Gori (eds.), I filosofi e la società senza religione (Bologna: Il Mulino, 2011). [REVIEW] Rivista di Filosofia 104 (1):156-57.
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  15. added 2016-01-03
    Nick Cowen (forthcoming). Millian Liberalism and Extreme Pornography. American Journal of Political Science.
    How sexuality should be regulated in a liberal political community is an important, controversial theoretical and empirical question—as shown by the recent criminalization of possession of some adult pornography in the United Kingdom. Supporters of criminalization argue that Mill, often considered a staunch opponent of censorship, would support prohibition due to his feminist commitments. I argue that this account underestimates the strengths of the Millian account of private conduct and free expression, and the consistency of Millian anticensorship with feminist values. (...)
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  16. added 2016-01-02
    Ruel F. Pepa, The Information Age Needs Knowledge and Morality.
    In situations of information overload, where cases of garbage-in-garbage-out are commonplace, it is necessary to sort out important and appropriate data for one’s specific purposes. A deluge of seemingly interrelated or interconnected data may lead us from one analytic moment to another without consideration for the credibility of our sources. Since people generally tend to be on one side of an issue rather than the other, information exploration and gathering can become a quantitative rather than qualitative exercise, as we are (...)
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  17. added 2016-01-01
    Obdulio Banda (2,015). El status ontológico de los valores. Eikasia. Revista de Filosofía 61:265-286.
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  18. added 2015-12-26
    Reinhard Brandt (2001). Philosophie: Eine Einführung. Reclam.
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  19. added 2015-12-15
    Thaddeus Metz (forthcoming). Reasons to Abhor the End of the Human Race: Critical Notice of Samuel Scheffler, Death and the Afterlife. Faith and Philosophy.
    A 4000 word critical discussion of Scheffler's _Death and the Afterlife_, with a heavy focus on the first two parts of his lengthy essay.
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  20. added 2015-12-15
    Natalja Deng (2015). How A-Theoretic Deprivationists Should Respond to Lucretius. Journal of the American Philosophical Association 1 (3):417-432.
    What, if anything, makes death bad for the deceased themselves? Deprivationists hold that death is bad for the deceased iff it deprives them of intrinsic goods they would have enjoyed had they lived longer. This view faces the problem that birth too seems to deprive one of goods one would have enjoyed had one been born earlier, so that it too should be bad for one. There are two main approaches to the problem. In this paper, I explore the second (...)
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  21. added 2015-12-14
    Oded Na'aman (2015). Reasons of Love: A Case Against Universalism About Practical Reason. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 115 (3 pt 3):315-322.
    The paper presents an argument from love against universalism about practical reason, that is, the view that an agent's practical reasons normatively supervene on the agent's circumstances. Universalism explains the different reasons you and I have by citing differences in our properties, circumstances, relationships, etc. It thus rejects the possibility that the normative differences between us are basic. But love seems to make such basic distinctions, for it gives us special reasons with regard to particular individuals as such. To establish (...)
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  22. added 2015-12-07
    Mauro Rossi & Christine Tappolet (forthcoming). Virtue, Happiness, and Wellbeing. The Monist.
    What is the relation between virtue and wellbeing? Our claim is that, under certain conditions, virtue necessarily tends to have a positive impact on an individual’s wellbeing. This is so because of the connection between virtue and psychological happiness, on the one hand, and between psychological happiness and wellbeing, on the other hand. In particular we defend three claims: that virtue is constituted by a disposition to experience fitting emotions, that fitting emotions are constituents of fitting happiness, and that fitting (...)
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  23. added 2015-12-02
    Daniel Coren (2015). Anthropocentric Biocentrism in a Hybrid. Ethics and the Environment 20 (2):48-60.
    Anthropocentric biocentrism says that human beings ought to promote the survival of our own species above the survival of other species. But those who attack AB sometimes take it to say something much stronger: we ought to promote our species’ various desires, interests, and goals. I call the latter view AB+. I argue that AB and anti-AB+ are not only mutually compatible but in some respects mutually complementary, such that there are good prospects for combining them into a hybrid-view. After (...)
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  24. added 2015-12-01
    Philip Cafaro (2012). Climate Ethics and Population Policy. WIREs Climate Change 3 (1):45–61.
    According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, human population growth is one of the two primary causes of increased greenhouse gas emissions and accelerating global climate change. Slowing or ending population growth could be a cost effective, environmentally advantageous means to mitigate climate change, providing important benefits to both human and natural communities. Yet population policy has attracted relatively little attention from ethicists, policy analysts, or policy makers dealing with this issue. In part, this is because addressing population matters (...)
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  25. added 2015-11-24
    Richard Oxenberg, Retributivism and Outraged Love: A Search for the Heart of Retributive Justice.
    "An eye for an eye will make the whole world blind." This quote, often attributed to Gandhi, suggests the illegitimacy of the retributive urge. On the other hand, many feel a strong intuitive sense that "justice must be served" and that violators of justice must be fittingly punished. In this paper I examine the urge for retributive justice and argue that, at its base, it is rooted in a profound desire to have a wrongdoer see the nature of his or (...)
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  26. added 2015-11-16
    Tsung-Hsing Ho (2015). Epistemic Value and Virtue Epistemology. Dissertation, University of Southampton
    My contributions to the research on epistemic value can be divided into two parts: first, I pinpoint some causes of the problems about epistemic value which have not previously been identified; and, second, I offer novel accounts of epistemic value which offer better solutions to the problems about epistemic value. First, there are two trends in the literature on epistemic value that are rarely challenged: epistemologists tend to understand epistemic value in terms of intrinsic value from the epistemic point of (...)
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  27. added 2015-11-14
    Dustin Garlitz (2014). Foucault, Michel. In Bruce A. Arrigo (ed.), Encyclopedia of Criminal Justice Ethics. Sage 369-373.
  28. added 2015-11-13
    Erich Hatala Matthes (forthcoming). Love in Spite Of. Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics 6.
    Consider two commonly cited requirements of love. The first is that we should love people for who they are. The second is that loving people should involve concern for their well-being. But what happens when an aspect of someone’s identity conflicts with her well-being? In examining this question, I develop an account of loving someone in spite of something. Although there are cases where loving in spite of is merited, I argue that we generally do wrong to love people in (...)
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  29. added 2015-11-12
    Masahiro Morioka (2006). The Ethics of Human Cloning and the Sprout of Human Life. In Heiner Roetz (ed.), Cross-Cultural Issues in Bioethics: The Example of Human Cloning. Rodopi 1-16.
    Abstract -/- In 1998, the Council for Science and Technology established the Bioethics Committee and asked its members to examine the ethical and legal aspects of human cloning. The Committee concluded in 1999 that human cloning should be prohibited, and, based on the report, the government presented a bill for the regulation of human cloning in 2000. After a debate in the Diet, the original bill was slightly modified and issued on December 6, 2000. In this paper, I take a (...)
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  30. added 2015-11-11
    Shane Ryan (forthcoming). "Wisdom: Understanding and the Good Life". Acta Analytica:1-17.
    I argue that a necessary condition for being wise is: understanding how to live well. The condition, by requiring understanding rather than a wide variety of justified beliefs or knowledge, as Ryan and Whitcomb respectively require, yields the desirable result that being wise is compatible with having some false beliefs but not just any false beliefs about how to live well—regardless of whether those beliefs are justified or not. In arguing for understanding how to live well as a necessary (...)
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  31. added 2015-11-11
    Shane Ryan (forthcoming). Trust: A Recipe. Think.
  32. added 2015-11-11
    Masahiro Morioka (2013). A Phenomenological Study of “Herbivore Men”. The Review of Life Studies 4:1-20.
    From 2008 to 2009, “herbivore men (sôshoku danshi or sôshoku-kei danshi in Japanese)” became a trendy, widely used term in Japanese. It flourished in all sorts of media, including TV, the Internet, newspapers and magazines, and could even occasionally be heard in everyday conversation. As it became more popular its original meaning was diversified, and people began to use it with a variety of different nuances. In December of 2009 it made the top ten list of nominees for the “Buzzword (...)
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  33. added 2015-11-11
    Masahiro Morioka (2013). How a Japanese Philosopher Encountered Bioethics. In Frank Rövekamp & Friederike Bosse (eds.), Ethics in Science and Society: German and Japanese Views. IUDICIUM Verlag GmbH 27-41.
    In this essay I will illustrate how a Japanese philosopher reacted to a newly imported discipline, “bioethics,” in the 1980s and then tried to create an alternative way of looking at “life” in the field of philosophy. This essay might serve as an interesting case study in which a contemporary “western” way of thinking succeeded in capturing, but finally failed to persuade, a then-young Japanese researcher’s mind.
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  34. added 2015-11-11
    Masahiro Morioka (2012). The Concept of Life in Contemporary Japan. The Review of Life Studies 2:23-62.
    The objective of this paper is to contribute to the international discussions on life and scientific technology by examining the images and concepts of life in contemporary Japan. In English the word Inochi can be rendered as "life". However, the nuances of the Japanese term differ in certain cases, and therefore I have chosen to use the term much as is. I first discuss the linguistic meanings of the word, and then consider several important features of the images of inochi (...)
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  35. added 2015-11-10
    Lorenzo Greco (2008). Roger Crisp, Reasons and the Good (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2006). [REVIEW] Rivista di Filosofia 99 (2):329-30.