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Value Theory, Miscellaneous

Edited by Gwen Bradford (Rice University)
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  1. added 2015-07-03
    Amir Saemi (forthcoming). Aiming at the Good. Canadian Journal of Philosophy:1-23.
    This paper shows how we can plausibly extend the guise of the good thesis in a way that avoids intellectualist challenge, allows animals to be included, and is consistent with the possibility of performing action under the cognition of their badness. The paper also presents some independent arguments for the plausibility of this interpretation of the thesis. To this aim, a teleological conception of practical attitudes as well as a cognitivist account of arational desires is offered.
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  2. added 2015-07-03
    Nathan Ballantyne & Justin Tosi (2015). David Foster Wallace on the Good Life. In Steven M. Cahn & Maureen Eckert (eds.), Freedom and the Self: Essays on the Philosophy of David Foster Wallace. Columbia University Press. 133-168.
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  3. added 2015-07-03
    Michael Bishop (2015). The Good Life: Unifying the Philosophy and Psychology of Well-Being. Oup Usa.
    Science and philosophy study well-being with different but complementary methods. Marry these methods and a new picture emerges: To have well-being is to be "stuck" in a positive cycle of emotions, attitudes, traits and success. This book unites the scientific and philosophical worldviews into a powerful new theory of well-being.
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  4. added 2015-06-29
    Aaron Smuts, Welfare, Meaning, and Worth.
    The central thesis of this book is that there is more to what makes a life worth living than welfare. I argue that the notion of worth captures matters of importance that no plausible theory of welfare can account for. Worth is best thought of as a higher-level kind of value. I defend an objective list theory (OLT) of worth¬—lives worth living are net high in various objective goods. Not only do I defend an list of some of the goods, (...)
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  5. added 2015-06-29
    Richard Kraut (2007). Good, Conation, and Pleasure. In What is Good and Why: The Ethics of Well-Being. Harvard University Press. 66-130.
  6. added 2015-06-23
    Alex Sager (2013). Philosophy of Leisure. In Tony Blackshaw (ed.), Routledge Handbook of Leisure Studies. Routledge. 5-14.
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  7. added 2015-06-14
    Thaddeus Metz (forthcoming). Review of Todd May, A Significant Life. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews.
    Approx. 2000 word review of Todd May's _A Significant Life: Human Meaning in a Silent Universe_ (University of Chicago Press).
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  8. added 2015-06-13
    Daniel Groll (forthcoming). Medicine & Well-Being. In Guy Fletcher (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Well-Being. Routledge.
    The connections between medicine and well-being are myriad. This paper focuses on the place of well-being in clinical medicine. It is here that different views of well-being, and their connection to concepts like “autonomy” and “authenticity”, both illuminate and are illuminated by looking closely at the kinds of interactions that routinely take place between clinicians, patients, and family members. -/- In the first part of the paper, I explore the place of well-being in a paradigmatic clinical encounter, one where a (...)
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  9. added 2015-06-13
    Daniel Groll & Micah Lott (forthcoming). Is There a Role for ‘Human Nature’ in Debates About Human Enhancement? Philosophy.
    In discussions about the ethics of enhancement, it is often claimed that the concept of ‘human nature’ has no helpful role to play. There are two ideas behind this thought. The first is that nature, human nature included, is a mixed bag. Some parts of our nature are good for us and some are bad for us. The ‘mixed bag’ idea leads naturally to the second idea, namely that the fact that something is part of our nature is, by itself, (...)
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  10. added 2015-06-07
    Knut Vuong Nguyen, GNOSEOLOGY: In Relation to Truth, Knowledge and Metaphysics.
    A short introduction on the problem of knowledge, and the problems treated by modern philosophy, in relation to truth and metaphysics.
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  11. added 2015-06-05
    Alexander Hyun & Eric Sampson (2014). On Believing the Error Theory. Journal of Philosophy 111 (11):631-640.
    In his recent article entitled ‘Can We Believe the Error Theory?’ Bart Streumer argues that it is impossible (for anyone, anywhere) to believe the error theory. This might sound like a problem for the error theory, but Streumer argues that it is not. He argues that the un-believability of the error theory offers a way for error theorists to respond to several objections commonly made against the view. In this paper, we respond to Streumer’s arguments. In particular, in sections 2-4, (...)
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  12. added 2015-05-29
    Nuno Pereira Castanheira (2012). Ética e Filosofias da Existência: Pensar no que estamos a fazer. In BeckertCristina (ed.), Ética - Teoria e Prática. Centro de Filosofia da Universidade de Lisboa. 227-250.
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  13. added 2015-05-26
    Dale Dorsey (2015). Welfare, Autonomy, and the Autonomy Fallacy. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 96 (2):141-164.
    In this article, I subject the claim that autonomous choice is an intrinsic welfare benefit to critical scrutiny. My argument begins by discussing perhaps the most influential argument in favor of the intrinsic value of autonomy: the argument from deference. In response, I hold that this argument displays what I call the ‘Autonomy Fallacy’: the argument from deference has no power to support the intrinsic value of autonomy in comparison to the important evaluative significance of bare self-direction or what I (...)
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  14. added 2015-05-24
    Thaddeus Metz (2015). Odnajdowanie Sensu W Jego Poszukiwaniu. Filozofuj! 2:9-11.
    Polish translation of mildly revised versions of the introductory and closing pages of _Meaning in Life_.
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  15. added 2015-05-22
    Donato Bergandi (2013). L’Impartialité Engagée : Objectivité Scientifique Et Engagement Moral. In Byk (ed.), Les scientifiques doivent-ils être responsables ? Fondements, enjeux et évolution normative. Les Études Hospitalières. 137-154.
    L’humanité est devenue facteur d’évolution au niveau planétaire. En complexifiant toujours plus les modalités de ses relations avec l’environnement, elle pense trouver dans la science l’outil principal de son développement et en définitive de sa survie. La science, en effet, est un système d’acquisition de connaissances qui génère une interprétation systématique et rationnelle du monde naturel ethumain, jamais définitive et en renouvellement continu. En tant qu’explication rationnelle des phénomènes naturels et sociaux, elle nous permet de raffiner sans cesse la compréhension (...)
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  16. added 2015-05-14
    Stephen M. Campbell & Lance Wahlert (2015). Is Disability Conservationism Rooted in Status Quo Bias? American Journal of Bioethics 15 (6):20-22.
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  17. added 2015-05-04
    Stephen M. Campbell & Sven Nyholm (forthcoming). Anti-Meaning and Why It Matters. Journal of the American Philosophical Association.
    It is widely recognized that lives and activities can be meaningful or meaningless, but few have appreciated that they can also be anti-meaningful. Anti-meaning is the polar opposite of meaning. Our purpose in this essay is to examine the nature and importance of this new and unfamiliar topic. In the first part, we sketch four theories of anti-meaning that correspond to leading theories of meaning. In the second part, we argue that anti-meaning has significance not only for our attempts to (...)
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  18. added 2015-04-27
    Thaddeus Metz (forthcoming). Meaningful Existence. In Graham Oppy (ed.), Blackwell Companion to Atheism and Philosophy. Blackwell. ch. 25.
    A critical exploration of recent philosophical work on the relationship between atheism and meaning in life. In addition to considering views that God is not necessary for our lives to have meaning, it focuses particularly on bolder claims that the existence of God would make meaning in our lives impossible or at least very difficult.
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  19. added 2015-04-27
    Chris Heathwood (forthcoming). Desire-Fulfillment Theory. In Guy Fletcher (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy of Well-Being. Routledge.
    Explains the desire-fulfillment theory of well-being, its history, its development, its varieties, its advantages, and its challenges.
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  20. added 2015-04-27
    Chris Heathwood (2014). Faring Well and Getting What You Want. In Russ Shafer-Landau (ed.), The Ethical Life: Fundamental Readings in Ethics and Moral Problems. Oxford University Press. 31-42.
    An introductory-level article defending a desire-satisfaction theory of welfare. About 5,000 words; no footnotes, citations, credits, etc.
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  21. added 2015-04-23
    William Lauinger (forthcoming). Well-Being in the Christian Tradition. In Guy Fletcher (ed.), Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Well-Being.
    This paper discusses well-being in the Christian tradition.
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  22. added 2015-04-23
    William Lauinger (forthcoming). A Framework for Understanding Parental Well-Being. Philosophia:1-22.
    Is being a parent prudentially good for one – that is to say, does it enhance one’s well-being? The social-scientific literature is curiously divided when it comes to this question. While some studies suggest that being a parent decreases most people’s well-being, other studies suggest that being a parent increases most people’s well-being. In this paper I will present a framework for thinking about the prudential benefits and costs of parenthood. Four elements are central to this framework: affect, friendship , (...)
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  23. added 2015-04-17
    Danny Frederick (2015). Book Review: Robert Audi, 'Moral Perception'. [REVIEW] Reason Papers 37 (1):164-69.
    I summarise Robert Audi's 'Moral Perception.' I concede that there is such a thing as moral perception. However, moral perceptions are culturally-relative, which refutes Audi’s claims that moral perception may ground moral knowledge and that it provides inter-subjectively accessible grounds which make ethical objectivity possible. Audi's attempt to avoid the refutation tends to convert rational disputes into ad hominem ones. I illustrate that with the example of the ethics of prostitution.
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  24. added 2015-04-17
    Wellington Amâncio da Silva (2014). Educational Universalization in the Brazil. Education Journal 3 (3):140--145.
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  25. added 2015-04-17
    Mathias Schüz (1999). Werte - Risiko - Verantwortung. Dimensionen des Value Managements. Gerling Akademie Verlag.
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  26. added 2015-04-16
    Clara Donoso, APROXIMACIONES TEÓRICAS SOBRE LA PRESENCIA DE LA DANZA- TEATRO EN AMERICA DEL SUR.
    Abstract: The American people strongly developed making music, songs , poetry , stories and theatrical dances. Currently , South America , is made up of diverse knowledge of ethnic and mestizo peoples who qualify with a plurality of cultures and artistic expressions themselves ; including our dance-theater that has had over time on the mestizo becoming, Our avatars , rites , hobbies and living in these territories ; humanizing and closer and closer to art and daily life.
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